9.

G TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G1—Average monthly number of families and recipients, total amount of cash assistance, and average
monthly payment, selected years 1936–2002
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families/
Aid to Families with Dependent Children a
Average monthly number (thousands)
Amount of assistance c
Recipients
Monthly average (dollars)

Emergency Assistance b
Total
Average
assistance
monthly
payments
number
during year
of families
(thousands
(thousands)
of dollars)

Average
monthly
payment
per family
(dollars)

Year

Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands
of dollars)

Family

Recipient

1936
1940
1945
1950
1955

147
349
259
644
612

534
1,182
907
2,205
2,214

361
840
656
1,637
1,673

49,678
133,770
149,667
551,653
617,841

28.15
31.98
48.18
71.33
84.17

7.75
9.43
13.75
17.64
23.26

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

787
869
931
947
992

3,005
3,354
3,676
3,876
4,118

2,314
2,587
2,818
2,909
3,091

1,000,784
1,156,769
1,298,774
1,365,851
1,510,352

105.75
110.97
116.30
120.19
126.88

27.75
28.74
29.44
29.36
30.57

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1,039
1,088
1,217
1,410
1,698

4,329
4,513
5,014
5,705
6,706

3,256
3,411
3,771
4,275
4,985

1,660,186
1,863,925
2,266,400
2,849,298
3,563,427

133.20
142.83
155.19
168.41
174.89

31.96
34.42
37.67
41.62
44.28

...
...
...
...
7.5

...
...
...
...
6,699

...
...
...
...
117.23

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

2,208
2,762
3,049
3,148
3,230

8,466
10,241
10,947
10,949
10,864

6,214
7,434
7,905
7,902
7,822

4,852,964
6,203,528
6,909,260
7,212,035
7,916,563

183.13
187.16
188.87
190.91
204.27

47.77
50.48
52.60
54.89
60.72

7.5
11.1
19.9
18.8
31.3

11,396
19,843
44,180
39,265
64,031

126.14
148.54
184.91
174.05
170.38

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

3,498
3,579
3,588
3,522
3,509

11,346
11,304
11,050
10,570
10,312

8,095
8,001
7,773
7,402
7,179

9,210,995
10,140,543
10,603,820
10,730,415
11,068,864

219.44
236.10
246.27
253.89
262.86

67.65
74.75
79.97
84.60
89.45

38.3
27.5
32.8
34.5
35.7

77,516
55,673
66,132
80,919
84,043

168.85
168.43
168.05
195.24
195.92

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

3,712
3,835
3,542
3,686
3,714

10,774
11,079
10,258
10,761
10,831

7,419
7,527
6,903
7,098
7,144

12,475,245
12,981,115
12,877,906
13,837,228
14,503,710

280.03
282.04
303.02
312.82
325.44

96.49
97.64
103.60
107.16
111.60

48.6
49.1
27.5
30.0
32.1

113,238
123,467
102,344
125,246
141,137

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

3,701
3,763
3,776
3,749
3,799

10,855
11,038
11,027
10,915
10,993

7,198
7,334
7,366
7,329
7,420

15,195,835
16,033,074
16,372,535
16,826,794
17,465,943

342.15
355.04
361.37
374.07
383.14

116.65
121.05
123.73
128.47
132.40

32.6
34.8
42.4
48.8
48.7

157,304
178,284
213,903
278,906
296,841

d
d
d
d
d

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

4,057
4,467
4,829
5,012
5,035

11,695
12,930
13,773
14,205
14,154

7,917
8,715
9,303
9,574
9,570

19,066,541
20,930,600
21,655,881
22,688,016
22,827,399

391.67
390.44
373.71
377.24
377.78

135.86
134.89
131.03
133.10
134.30

56.0
59.7
52.7
56.8
60.5

348,986
302,894
272,853
387,113
802,258

d
d
d
d

1995
1996
1997
1998 e
1999

4,791
4,434
3,740
3,050
2,554

13,418
12,321
10,376
8,347
6,824

9,135
8,469
7,042
6,034
4,863

21,608,686
20,614,437
22,031,399
12,925,846
10,925,434

375.31
386.68
490.01
353.13
356.48

134.21
139.44
176.95
129.04
133.42

84.1
69.8
81.8
...
...

3,447,361
2,708,401
403,138
...
...

2000
2001
2002

2,213
2,102
2,045

5,768
5,352
5,059

4,260
3,981
3,790

10,472,620
10,007,329
10,105,222

394.36
396.74
411.69

151.30
155.82
166.45

...
...
...

...
...
...

d
d
d

194.29
209.51
278.54
283.15
276.97
312.98
362.45
358.29
420.89
461.45

476.50
422.07
431.41
568.17
d 1,105.95
d
d

3,415.93
3,235.10
d 410.74
...
...
...
...
...

a. Thirty-four states had converted to TANF as of January 1, 1997; eight phased in over the next 5 months; the remaining 12 waited until July 1, 1997.
b. Reporting initiated July 1969. Number of states with program: 1969–1970, 23; 1971, 24; 1972, 27; 1973–1975, 29; 1976–1978, 26; 1979, 24; 1980–1984, 27; 1985–1986,
28; 1987, 29; 1988, 30; 1989, 31; 1990, 33; 1991, 34; 1992, 34; 1993, 35; 1994, 49; 1995, 50; 1996, 51; and 1997, 34. Program ended June 30, 1997.
c. TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
d. Excludes family count and expenditures for states providing only partial data.
e. 1998 was the first full year under the TANF data reporting system for all states.
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services.
NOTES: Includes nonmedical vendor payments. Includes Alaska and Hawaii, beginning in 1943; Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, beginning in October 1950; and Guam,
beginning in July 1959.
. . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055.

Annual Statistical Supplement, 2003 ♦ 9.11

9.G TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G2—Average monthly number of families and recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and
total amount of assistance, by state or other area, 2002

State or area

TANF
effective date a

All areas

Average monthly number
Recipients
Families
Total

Children

Amount of assistance b
Monthly average (dollars)
Total
(thousands of dollars)
Family
Recipient

...

2,045,477

5,059,227

3,789,975

10,105,222

411.69

166.45

11/15/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
7/1/97
11/26/96

17,959
5,926
42,089
11,875
458,701

42,451
17,219
98,953
27,313
1,145,965

33,757
11,666
73,511
20,265
902,674

37,785
49,824
137,117
32,662
3,609,291

175.33
700.70
271.48
229.21
655.71

74.17
241.13
115.47
99.65
262.46

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7/1/97
10/1/96
3/10/97
3/1/97
10/1/96

12,409
23,060
5,504
16,357
58,795

32,434
51,192
12,487
42,147
122,272

23,925
36,399
9,514
31,533
98,645

52,316
121,240
16,374
65,754
176,176

351.32
438.14
247.91
335.00
249.70

134.42
197.36
109.27
130.01
120.07

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

1/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
10/1/96

54,475
10,657
1,420
45,070
50,766

130,347
28,853
2,494
123,120
141,500

100,932
20,207
2,035
98,945
102,088

146,835
68,203
4,983
79,216
163,780

224.62
533.32
292.46
146.47
268.85

93.87
196.99
166.51
53.62
96.45

1/1/97
10/1/96
10/18/96
1/1/97
11/1/96

20,011
14,245
34,805
23,349
9,632

52,792
36,651
77,119
59,550
25,092

35,466
25,807
57,068
47,670
17,104

79,094
51,259
99,600
66,703
34,554

329.38
299.87
238.47
238.06
298.94

124.85
116.55
107.63
93.34
114.76

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

12/9/96
9/30/96
9/30/96
7/1/97
10/1/96

26,820
47,961
73,374
36,174
18,318

63,874
109,254
197,791
94,948
42,221

47,432
77,305
146,197
68,319
31,552

111,310
308,346
338,767
166,042
32,018

345.85
535.76
384.75
382.51
145.66

145.22
235.19
142.73
145.73
63.20

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

12/1/96
12/16/96
12/1/96
12/3/96
10/1/96

44,371
5,967
10,544
11,504
6,124

116,427
16,810
25,944
28,283
14,659

82,609
11,036
18,790
21,021
10,017

131,153
31,442
43,067
43,959
36,329

246.32
439.10
340.39
318.44
494.36

93.87
155.87
138.33
129.52
206.53

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

2/1/97
7/1/97
12/2/96
1/1/97
7/1/97

41,714
16,830
157,723
42,133
3,267

101,856
46,079
368,707
88,904
8,403

76,790
32,772
264,324
68,715
5,991

182,629
61,714
1,027,086
109,462
16,071

364.85
305.57
542.66
216.50
409.89

149.42
111.61
232.14
102.60
159.39

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

10/1/96
10/1/96
10/1/96
3/3/97
5/1/97

83,958
14,946
18,202
80,037
14,113

189,466
37,168
41,573
208,557
38,048

140,776
28,390
30,573
153,497
26,516

306,909
35,878
115,886
718,108
72,806

304.62
200.04
530.54
747.68
429.89

134.99
80.44
232.29
286.94
159.46

10/12/96
12/1/96
10/1/96
11/5/96
10/1/96

21,370
2,859
64,047
131,128
7,897

52,657
6,587
167,525
333,394
20,236

38,131
5,379
120,681
255,514
14,558

40,622
11,032
131,274
284,922
37,954

158.41
321.58
170.80
181.07
400.54

64.29
139.56
65.30
71.22
156.30

9/20/96
2/1/97
1/10/97
1/11/97
9/30/96
1/1/97

5,069
30,302
53,833
15,669
19,323
438

13,250
67,959
135,943
40,900
46,329
800

8,502
49,464
94,757
27,747
37,352
673

32,218
92,715
283,702
67,903
103,977
1,016

529.67
254.97
439.17
361.13
448.42
193.46

202.64
113.69
173.91
138.35
187.03
105.87

7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97

c

c

c

c

c

c

21,792
566

62,614
2,112

43,820
1,568

34,560
1,577

132.16
232.02

46.00
62.22

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying areas
Guam
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

a. Transition from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reporting systems occurred July 1, 1997, or 6 months
after TANF effective date, whichever was later.
b. TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
c. Not available.
SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable.
CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055.

9.12 ♦ Annual Statistical Supplement, 2003