Escargot de Quimper

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Elona quimperiana, common name the escargot de Quimper ("Quimper snail"), is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Elonidae. Elona is a monotypic genus, i.e. it contains only one species, Elona quimperiana. The specific name comes from the city of Quimper in France.[4] This snail is mentioned in annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive.

Elona quimperiana

Conservation status

Contents
1 Original description 2 Shell description 3 Anatomy 4 Distribution 5 Habitat 6 Life cycle 7 Feeding habits 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links Least Concern (IUCN 2.3)[1] Scientific classification Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda

Original description
Elona quimperiana was originally described (under the name Helix quimperiana) by André Étienne d'Audebert de Férussac in 1821.[3] Férussac's original text (the type description) reads in the French language as follows:

(unranked): clade Heterobranchia clade Euthyneura clade Panpulmonata clade Eupulmonata clade Stylommatophora informal group Sigmurethra Superfamily: Helicoidea Family: Genus: Species: Elonidae Elona
H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 [2]

E. quimperiana Binomial name Elona quimperiana
Férussac, 1821 [3]

QUIMPERINA, nobis. pl. fig. α) Nobis. pl. LXXVI (par erreur LXVI), fig. 2. Habit. Les bords de Briec l'Odet, près Quimper en Bretagne. Elle a été découverte par Mrs DE KERMOVAN et BONNEMAISON; Comm. DESMAREST.

[5] The shell has five or six whorls. the mucous glands are shortened into somewhat rounded triangular sacks.[6] Synonyms Helix quimperiana Férussac.) Distribution . reflexed below. with lens-like section.[5] The anatomy of Elona quimperiana was described in detail by Alfred Moquin-Tandon already in 18551856[7] and later by Gittenberger (1979). with the ends distant.[8] Reproductive system: the genitalia have club-shaped mucous glands. The dart sack is inserted in a sort of calyx at base." Shell description The shell is umbilicate and planorboid in shape. 1821 apical view apertural view umbilical view Anatomy The jaw has 11-16 narrow ribs. The height of the shell is 10–12 mm. The periphery is broadly rounded. in other words. The spire is slightly concave. expanded above.[5] (Drawing of reproductive system by Gittenberger 1979 (http://www. but are typical of the Elonidae. The lip is white.[6] The aperture is lunar and slightly oblique.org/stream/malacologia181979inst#page/142/mode/1up).” Which means in English: "Habitat: Margin of Briec (Briec-de-l'Odet) near Quimper in Brittany. Mucous glands shaped like this are unusual in the Helicoidea.archive.[5] The width of the shell is 20–30 mm. The love dart is curved at the end. It was found by Messieurs De Kermovan and Bonnemaison. corneous with a few varicoid white stripes.

org/details/manualofconcholo09tryorich).1186%2F1471-2148-8339). Vol.archive. J. Guiller A. pp. The Lusitanian snail Elona quimperiana has a remarkably disjunct distribution.doi. dans lesquels on a établi la concordance de tous les systèmes. ^ a b c d e Vialatte A. [1]. Manual of Conchology. References This article incorporates CC-BY-2. ^ a b c d e Tryon G. Continued by H. ^ a b c (French) Férussac A. dead stumps (principally oak). suivis d'un prodrome général pour tous les mollusques terrestres ou fluviatiles.[9] 1856 drawing of a part of reproductive system showing dart sac (p).iucnredlist.org/10. just as its deciduous forest habitat did. structural and systematic. club shaped mucous glands (g) and a part of vagina (m).0 text (but not under GFDL) from reference [4] and a public domain text from references. "Phylogeography and historical demography of the Lusitanian snail Elona quimperiana reveal survival in unexpected separate glacial refugia". (1894). Occasionally. F. Tableaux systématiques des animaux mollusques classés en familles naturelles.. doi:10.archive.iucnredlist. (Van Voorst). Description on page 39 (http://www. with illustrations of the species. The genera of recent Mollusca. limited to northwestern France (Brittany). & Adams A.org/search/details. (1858). (http://www. arranged according to their organization. j-xlvij [= 1-47]. & Madec L. pp. ^ Adams H. 1-110. Elona quimperiana has a relatively limited dispersal capacity and probably survived during the Quaternary glaciations through significant fluctuations in its distribution area. 3. Elona quimperiana (http://www. Volume 9 (http://www. ^ Mollusc Specialist Group (1996). II.php/7658/all). J. (2008). [1-3].org) Downloaded on 7 August 2007.1186/1471-2148-8-339 (http://dx. 2. E. London.. P.[4] Life cycle The life span is 2–3 years. Paris.. Pilsbry. (Bertrand. northwestern Spain and the Basque Country. it is coprophagous and necrophagous.org/stream/tableauxsystma00fr#page/39/mode/1up). 4. Sowerby). A.archive.This species is found in France and Spain. 8:339.Volume VII.[3][5] 1. d'Audebard de ([1821-1822]). Feeding habits This species of snail feeds on mycelia found on rotten.[4] Habitat This species lives in temperate and humid deciduous forests. Second series: Pulmonata. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008.[4] See also A closely related species is Norelona pyrenaica (Draparnaud. W. 5. 1805). In three volumes. [1]. Like many other terrestrial gastropods. 1-661. Bellido A. page 307 . 1805) . Helicidae . vivants ou fossiles (http://www. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Londres.org/details/tableauxsystma00fr).synonym: Elona pyrenaica (Draparnaud.

368 pp. Haliotis 15: 17-30. 1-2 (http://www.archive. (1855-1856). 7. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.environnement. .org/w/index. additional terms may apply.wikipedia. Further reading (French) Daguzan J. 384 pp.org/stream/histoirenaturell00moquuoft#page/n30/mode/1up). (1986). 8. External links (French) http://natura2000.php?title=Escargot_de_Quimper&oldid=564775918" Categories: IUCN Red List least concern species Elonidae This page was last modified on 18 July 2013 at 11:30. & Gloaquen J. Baillière.) Malacologia Volume 18.6.archive. Paris. Eloniadae fam.H.html#hautpage Retrieved from "http://en.archive. C. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. figure 9-14. page 242-243.P.archive. 139 (http://www. contenant des études générales sur leur anatomie et leur physiologie et la description particulière des genres.unigoettingen.A.org/details/histoirenaturell02moqu) (4-5). Die Landschnecken Nord. AnimalBase. Elona quimperiana at pages 129 (http://www.org/stream/malacologia181979inst#page/138/mode/2up)-145. ^ (French) Moquin-Tandon A.. Hamburg/Berlin. & Jungbluth J. 9. description of plate XI (http://www. Amsterdam. nov.animalbase.archive.org/details/malacologia181979inst)..gouv. Histoire naturelle des mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles de France.archive.de/zooweb/servlet/AnimalBase/home/species?id=1341). J. ^ a b (German) Kerney M.archive. Volume 2 (http://www. accessed 14 July 2009.-B. "Contribution à l'écologie d'Elona quimperiana (de Férussac) (Gastéropode Pulmoné Stylommathophore) en Bretagne occidentale". Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. a non-profit organization. ^ Gittenberger E.. plate XI (http://www. (http://www.org/stream/manualofconcholo09tryorich#page/306/mode/2up)-308. des espèces et des variétés. Inc. On Elona (Pulmonata. (1983).org/stream/histoirenaturell00moquuoft#page/18/mode/1up). (1979). By using this site. ^ Species summary for Elona quimperiana (http://www.org/stream/histoirenaturell02moqu#page/129/mode/1up)-131.und Mitteleuropas.fr/especes/1007. Cameron R.D.. Sixth European Malacological Congress.

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