9.

G TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G1—Average monthly number of families and recipients, total amount of cash assistance, and average
monthly payment, selected years 1936–2003
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families/
Aid to Families with Dependent Children a

Emergency Assistance b

Amount of assistance c

Average monthly number (thousands)

Total
assistance
payments
during year
(thousands
of dollars)

Average
monthly
payment
per family
(dollars)

Year

Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands
of dollars)

Family

Recipient

Average
monthly
number
of families
(thousands)

1936
1940
1945
1950
1955

147
349
259
644
612

534
1,182
907
2,205
2,214

361
840
656
1,637
1,673

49,678
133,770
149,667
551,653
617,841

28.15
31.98
48.18
71.33
84.17

7.75
9.43
13.75
17.64
23.26

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

787
869
931
947
992

3,005
3,354
3,676
3,876
4,118

2,314
2,587
2,818
2,909
3,091

1,000,784
1,156,769
1,298,774
1,365,851
1,510,352

105.75
110.97
116.30
120.19
126.88

27.75
28.74
29.44
29.36
30.57

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1,039
1,088
1,217
1,410
1,698

4,329
4,513
5,014
5,705
6,706

3,256
3,411
3,771
4,275
4,985

1,660,186
1,863,925
2,266,400
2,849,298
3,563,427

133.20
142.83
155.19
168.41
174.89

31.96
34.42
37.67
41.62
44.28

...
...
...
...
7.5

...
...
...
...
6,699

...
...
...
...
117.23

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

2,208
2,762
3,049
3,148
3,230

8,466
10,241
10,947
10,949
10,864

6,214
7,434
7,905
7,902
7,822

4,852,964
6,203,528
6,909,260
7,212,035
7,916,563

183.13
187.16
188.87
190.91
204.27

47.77
50.48
52.60
54.89
60.72

7.5
11.1
19.9
18.8
31.3

11,396
19,843
44,180
39,265
64,031

126.14
148.54
184.91
174.05
170.38

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

3,498
3,579
3,588
3,522
3,509

11,346
11,304
11,050
10,570
10,312

8,095
8,001
7,773
7,402
7,179

9,210,995
10,140,543
10,603,820
10,730,415
11,068,864

219.44
236.10
246.27
253.89
262.86

67.65
74.75
79.97
84.60
89.45

38.3
27.5
32.8
34.5
35.7

77,516
55,673
66,132
80,919
84,043

168.85
168.43
168.05
195.24
195.92

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

3,712
3,835
3,542
3,686
3,714

10,774
11,079
10,258
10,761
10,831

7,419
7,527
6,903
7,098
7,144

12,475,245
12,981,115
12,877,906
13,837,228
14,503,710

280.03
282.04
303.02
312.82
325.44

96.49
97.64
103.60
107.16
111.60

48.6
49.1
27.5
30.0
32.1

113,238
123,467
102,344
125,246
141,137

194.29
209.51
d 278.54
d 283.15
d 276.97

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

3,701
3,763
3,776
3,749
3,799

10,855
11,038
11,027
10,915
10,993

7,198
7,334
7,366
7,329
7,420

15,195,835
16,033,074
16,372,535
16,826,794
17,465,943

342.15
355.04
361.37
374.07
383.14

116.65
121.05
123.73
128.47
132.40

32.6
34.8
42.4
48.8
48.7

157,304
178,284
213,903
278,906
296,841

d

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

4,057
4,467
4,829
5,012
5,035

11,695
12,930
13,773
14,205
14,154

7,917
8,715
9,303
9,574
9,570

19,066,541
20,930,600
21,655,881
22,688,016
22,827,399

391.67
390.44
373.71
377.24
377.78

135.86
134.89
131.03
133.10
134.30

56.0
59.7
52.7
56.8
60.5

348,986
302,894
272,853
387,113
802,258

d

Recipients

Monthly average (dollars)

312.98
362.45
358.29
d
420.89
d
461.45
d
d

476.50
422.07
d 431.41
d 568.17
d 1,105.95
d

(Continued)

9.14 ♦ Annual Statistical Supplement, 2004

9.G TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G1—Average monthly number of families and recipients, total amount of cash assistance, and average
monthly payment, selected years 1936–2003—Continued
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families/
Aid to Families with Dependent Children a

Emergency Assistance b

Amount of assistance c

Average monthly number (thousands)

Total
assistance
payments
during year
(thousands
of dollars)

Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands
of dollars)

Family

Recipient

Average
monthly
number
of families
(thousands)

1995
1996
1997
1998 e
1999

4,791
4,434
3,740
3,050
2,554

13,418
12,321
10,376
8,347
6,824

9,135
8,469
7,042
6,034
4,863

21,608,686
20,614,437
22,031,399
12,925,846
10,925,434

375.31
386.68
490.01
353.13
356.48

134.21
139.44
176.95
129.04
133.42

84.1
69.8
81.8
...
...

3,447,361
2,708,401
403,138
...
...

2000
2001
2002
2003

2,213
2,102
2,045
2,021

5,768
5,352
5,058
4,919

4,260
3,981
3,790
3,708

10,472,620
10,007,329
9,716,966
9,534,573

394.36
396.74
395.96
393.18

151.30
155.82
160.09
161.53

...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...

Recipients

Year

Monthly average (dollars)

Average
monthly
payment
per family
(dollars)
d
d

3,415.93
3,235.10
d
410.74
...
...
...
...
...
...

SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services.
NOTES: Includes nonmedical vendor payments. Includes Alaska and Hawaii, beginning in 1943; Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, beginning in October 1950; and
Guam, beginning in July 1959.
. . . = not applicable.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Thirty-four states had converted to TANF as of January 1, 1997; 8 phased in over the next 5 months; the remaining 12 waited until July 1, 1997.
Reporting initiated July 1969. Number of states with program: 1969–1970, 23; 1971, 24; 1972, 27; 1973–1975, 29; 1976–1978, 26; 1979, 24; 1980–1984, 27; 1985–
1986, 28; 1987, 29; 1988, 30; 1989, 31; 1990, 33; 1991, 34; 1992, 34; 1993, 35; 1994, 49; 1995, 50; 1996, 51; and 1997, 34. Program ended June 30, 1997.
TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.
Excludes family count and expenditures for states providing only partial data.
1998 was the first full year under the TANF data reporting system for all states.

CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055.

Annual Statistical Supplement, 2004 ♦ 9.15

9.G TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G2—Average monthly number of families and recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
and total amount of assistance, by state or other area, 2003
Amount of assistance b

Average monthly number
TANF
effective date a

Recipients
Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands of
dollars)

Family

Recipient

...
11/15/96
7/1/97
10/1/96
7/1/97
11/26/96

2,020,819
19,158
5,211
49,434
10,906
449,698

4,918,783
45,541
14,749
116,478
24,770
1,106,544

3,708,229
35,771
9,815
85,197
18,411
893,339

9,534,573
45,689
41,978
167,501
30,874
3,475,466

393.18
198.73
671.31
282.36
235.92
644.04

161.53
83.60
237.19
119.84
103.87
261.74

Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida

7/1/97
10/1/96
3/10/97
3/1/97
10/1/96

13,968
20,634
5,626
16,741
57,986

36,528
43,441
12,732
42,731
119,545

26,615
31,060
9,677
31,958
96,649

57,490
105,195
16,725
66,562
176,616

343.00
424.85
247.72
331.34
253.82

131.16
201.80
109.47
129.81
123.12

Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana

1/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97
10/1/96

56,153
9,529
1,737
36,189
52,357

134,014
24,918
3,233
92,157
138,281

103,150
17,521
2,559
75,829
104,897

151,265
60,930
6,254
58,541
127,188

224.48
532.83
299.97
134.81
202.44

94.06
203.77
161.21
52.94
76.65

1/1/97
10/1/96
10/18/96
1/1/97
11/1/96

19,558
15,642
35,065
22,501
9,926

50,404
40,707
77,222
56,746
27,503

33,955
28,188
57,192
45,513
17,643

76,971
57,007
101,423
67,907
43,201

327.96
303.70
241.04
251.50
362.69

127.26
116.70
109.45
99.72
130.90

Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi

12/9/96
9/30/96
9/30/96
7/1/97
10/1/96

26,055
49,760
76,944
36,196
19,748

62,123
109,398
205,634
93,569
45,407

45,839
76,441
151,085
67,066
33,344

109,940
313,850
366,873
160,082
34,117

351.62
525.61
397.34
368.56
143.97

147.48
239.07
148.68
142.57
62.61

Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire

12/1/96
12/16/96
12/1/96
12/3/96
10/1/96

40,678
5,988
10,966
10,150
6,072

100,602
16,698
27,071
24,114
14,090

71,913
11,031
19,472
18,391
9,680

117,892
28,740
45,486
38,858
36,756

241.51
399.97
345.64
319.04
504.49

97.66
143.43
140.02
134.28
217.40

New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

2/1/97
7/1/97
12/2/96
1/1/97
7/1/97

42,921
16,858
147,805
39,843
3,351

103,646
44,523
335,924
82,614
8,619

77,792
31,532
241,106
64,262
5,997

190,332
61,901
1,021,763
102,966
15,894

369.54
305.99
576.08
215.36
395.31

153.03
115.86
253.47
103.86
153.67

Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island

10/1/96
10/1/96
10/1/96
3/3/97
5/1/97

84,434
14,956
18,659
82,182
13,131

187,284
36,504
42,599
213,990
34,747

139,014
27,920
31,521
155,885
24,244

322,074
35,601
103,967
318,901
66,895

317.88
198.37
464.33
323.37
424.54

143.31
81.27
203.38
124.19
160.43

10/12/96
12/1/96
10/1/96
11/5/96
10/1/96

19,639
2,774
70,143
128,590
8,745

47,376
6,189
185,114
318,295
22,309

34,724
5,102
132,464
248,695
15,977

38,239
10,925
143,315
289,465
41,687

162.26
328.17
170.27
187.59
397.27

67.26
147.09
64.52
75.79
155.72

State or area
All areas
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California

Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine

South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah

Monthly average (dollars)

(Continued)

9.16 ♦ Annual Statistical Supplement, 2004

9.G TANF/AFDC and Emergency Assistance
Table 9.G2—Average monthly number of families and recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
and total amount of assistance, by state or other area, 2003—Continued
Amount of assistance b

Average monthly number
Recipients
State or area
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Outlying areas
Guam
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

TANF
effective date a

Families

Total

Children

Total
(thousands of
dollars)

Monthly average (dollars)
Family

Recipient

9/20/96
2/1/97
1/10/97
1/11/97
9/30/96
1/1/97

4,865
19,748
54,836
16,052
20,998
400

12,510
47,154
135,469
41,129
50,280
712

8,009
33,138
94,752
27,929
40,108
618

31,211
46,414
279,661
70,517
112,640
936

534.65
195.86
425.00
366.08
447.02
195.06

207.91
82.02
172.03
142.88
186.69
109.49

7/1/97
7/1/97
7/1/97

-18,827
488

-53,355
1,491

-37,133
1,108

-40,069
1,823

-177.36
311.05

-62.58
101.88

SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services; aggregate data reported by states in Section 3 of the Final TANF Data Report.
NOTE: . . . = not applicable; -- = not available.
a.
b.

Transition from Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) reporting systems occurred July 1, 1997, or
6 months after TANF effective date, whichever was later.
TANF expenditures include cash payments and services.

CONTACT: Evelyn Mills (202) 401-4055.

Annual Statistical Supplement, 2004 ♦ 9.17