3.

E Poverty
Table 3.E1—Weighted average poverty thresholds for nonfarm families, by size,
1959–2005 (in dollars)
Families
2 persons

Unrelated individuals
Aged 65
or older

All ages

Householder
under age 65

Householder
7 persons
aged 65 or older 3 persons 4 persons 5 persons 6 persons
or more

Annual
average
CPI a

Year

All ages

Under
age 65

1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964

1,467
1,490
1,506
1,519
1,539
1,558

1,503
1,526
1,545
1,562
1,581
1,601

1,397
1,418
1,433
1,451
1,470
1,488

1,894
1,924
1,942
1,962
1,988
2,015

1,952
1,982
2,005
2,027
2,052
2,079

1,761
1,788
1,808
1,828
1,850
1,875

2,324
2,359
2,383
2,412
2,442
2,473

2,973
3,022
3,054
3,089
3,128
3,169

3,506
3,560
3,597
3,639
3,685
3,732

3,944
4,002
4,041
4,088
4,135
4,193

4,849
4,921
4,967
5,032
5,092
5,156

29.2
29.6
29.9
30.3
30.6
31.0

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969

1,582
1,628
1,675
1,748
1,840

1,626
1,674
1,722
1,797
1,893

1,512
1,556
1,600
1,667
1,757

2,048
2,107
2,168
2,262
2,383

2,114
2,175
2,238
2,333
2,458

1,906
1,961
2,017
2,102
2,215

2,514
2,588
2,661
2,774
2,924

3,223
3,317
3,410
3,553
3,743

3,797
3,908
4,019
4,188
4,415

4,264
4,388
4,516
4,706
4,958

5,248
5,395
5,550
5,789
6,101

31.5
32.5
33.4
34.8
36.7

1970
1971
1972
1973
1974

1,954
2,040
2,109
2,247
2,495

2,010
2,098
2,168
2,307
2,562

1,861
1,940
2,005
2,130
2,364

2,525
2,633
2,724
2,895
3,211

2,604
2,716
2,808
2,984
3,312

2,348
2,448
2,530
2,688
2,982

3,099
3,229
3,339
3,548
3,936

3,968
4,137
4,275
4,540
5,038

4,680
4,880
5,044
5,358
5,950

5,260
5,489
5,673
6,028
6,699

6,468
6,751
6,983
7,435
8,253

38.8
40.5
41.8
44.4
49.3

1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

2,724
2,884
3,075
3,311
3,689

2,797
2,959
3,152
3,392
3,778

2,581
2,730
2,906
3,127
3,479

3,506
3,711
3,951
4,249
4,725

3,617
3,826
4,072
4,383
4,878

3,257
3,445
3,666
3,944
4,390

4,293
4,540
4,833
5,201
5,784

5,500
5,815
6,191
6,662
7,412

6,499
6,876
7,320
7,880
8,775

7,316
7,760
8,261
8,891
9,914

9,022
9,588
10,216
11,002
12,280

53.8
56.9
60.6
65.2
72.6

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

4,190
4,620
4,901
5,061
5,278

4,290
4,729
5,019
5,180
5,400

3,949
4,359
4,626
4,775
4,979

5,363
5,917
6,281
6,483
6,762

5,537
6,111
6,487
6,697
6,983

4,983
5,498
5,836
6,023
6,282

6,565
7,250
7,693
7,938
8,277

8,414
9,287
9,862
10,178
10,609

9,966
11,007
11,684
12,049
12,566

11,269
12,449
13,207
13,630
14,207

13,955
...
...
...
...

82.4
90.9
96.5
99.6
103.9

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

5,469
5,572
5,778
6,022
6,310

5,593
5,701
5,909
6,155
6,451

5,156
5,255
5,447
5,674
5,947

6,998
7,138
7,397
7,704
8,076

7,231
7,372
7,641
7,958
8,343

6,503
6,630
6,872
7,157
7,501

8,573
8,737
9,056
9,435
9,885

10,989
11,203
11,611
12,092
12,674

13,007
13,259
13,737
14,304
14,990

14,696
14,986
15,509
16,146
16,921

...
...
...
...
...

107.6
109.6
113.6
118.3
124.0

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

6,652
6,932
7,143
7,363
7,547

6,800
7,086
7,299
7,518
7,710

6,268
6,532
6,729
6,930
7,108

8,509
8,865
9,137
9,414
9,661

8,794
9,165
9,443
9,728
9,976

7,905
8,241
8,487
8,740
8,967

10,419
10,860
11,186
11,522
11,821

13,359
13,924
14,335
14,763
15,141

15,792
16,456
16,952
17,449
17,900

17,839
18,587
19,137
19,718
20,235

...
...
...
...
...

130.7
136.2
140.3
144.5
148.2
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 ♦ 3.13

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E1—Weighted average poverty thresholds for nonfarm families, by size,
1959–2005 (in dollars)—Continued
Families
2 persons

Unrelated individuals
Aged 65
or older

All ages

Householder
under age 65

Householder
7 persons
aged 65 or older 3 persons 4 persons 5 persons 6 persons
or more

Annual
average
CPI a

Year

All ages

Under
age 65

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

7,763
7,995
8,183
8,316
8,501

7,929
8,163
8,350
8,480
8,667

7,309
7,525
7,698
7,818
7,990

9,933
10,233
10,473
10,634
10,869

10,259
10,564
10,805
10,972
11,214

9,219
9,491
9,712
9,862
10,075

12,158
12,516
12,802
13,003
13,290

15,569
16,036
16,400
16,660
17,029

18,408
18,952
19,380
19,680
20,127

20,804
21,389
21,886
22,228
22,727

...
...
...
...
...

152.4
156.9
160.5
163.0
166.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

8,794
9,039
9,183
9,393
9,645
9,973

8,959
9,214
9,359
9,573
9,827
10,160

8,259
8,494
8,628
8,825
9,060
9,367

11,239
11,569
11,756
12,015
12,334
12,755

11,590
11,920
12,110
12,384
12,714
13,145

10,419
10,715
10,885
11,133
11,430
11,815

13,738
14,128
14,348
14,680
15,067
15,577

17,603
18,104
18,392
18,810
19,307
19,971

20,819
21,405
21,744
22,245
22,831
23,613

23,528
24,195
24,576
25,122
25,788
26,683

...
...
...
...
...
...

172.2
177.1
179.9
184.0
188.9
195.3

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey.
NOTES: . . . = not applicable.
Three technical changes in the definition of poverty are described in "Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level, 1980," U.S. Census Bureau, Current
Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 133: (1) Distinctions based on the sex of the family householder will no longer be made; (2) income thresholds for farm families will
be the same as for nonfarm families of the same size and composition, and (3) the increased sample size will now permit separate poverty income criteria for families of
7, 8, and 9 or more persons. Separate criteria for these family sizes by number of children have been developed by the Social Security Administration for the base year
1978 on the same basis as the original poverty matrix for smaller family sizes, and then updated by means of the all-items consumer price index. The dollar thresholds for
larger families beginning in 1980 are:
Year

a.

7 persons 8 persons

9 persons
or more

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

12,761
14,110
15,036
15,500
16,096

14,199
15,655
16,719
17,170
17,961

16,896
18,572
19,698
20,310
21,247

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

16,656
17,049
17,649
18,232
19,162

18,512
18,791
19,515
20,253
21,328

22,083
22,497
23,105
24,129
25,480

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

20,241
21,058
21,594
22,383
22,923

22,582
23,605
24,053
24,838
25,427

26,848
27,942
28,745
29,529
30,300

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

23,552
24,268
24,802
25,257
25,912

26,237
27,091
27,593
28,166
28,967

31,280
31,971
32,566
33,339
34,417

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

26,754
27,517
28,001
28,544
29,236
30,249

29,701
30,627
30,907
31,589
32,641
33,610

35,060
36,286
37,062
37,656
39,048
40,288

Beginning in January 1978, the Bureau of Labor Statistics introduced a new price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U) for all items (1982–1984 = 100) that forms a
continuous series with the earlier index for urban wage earners and for clerical workers as of December 1977.

CONTACT: Joe Dalaker (301) 763-3213.

3.14 ♦ Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E2—Number and percentage of poor persons, by age, at end of selected years 1959–2004
Age and family status a

1959

1970

1980

1985

1990 b

1995

2000

2003

2004

c

Total population (millions)
All ages
Children under 18 in families—
With male householder d
With female householder
18–54 e
55–64
65 or older
In families
Unrelated individuals
Men
Women

176.5

202.5

225.0

236.6

248.6

263.7

275.9

287.7

290.6

64.0
58.3
5.7
81.0
15.5
15.6
11.9
3.7
1.2
2.5

69.9
60.8
9.0
94.9
18.4
19.3
13.4
5.8
1.4
4.4

62.2
50.6
11.5
116.3
21.7
24.7
16.7
8.0
1.7
6.3

62.0
49.5
12.5
125.2
22.1
27.3
18.4
8.9
2.0
7.0

64.9
49.5
15.4
132.3
21.3
30.1
20.1
10.0
2.3
7.7

70.3
52.1
18.2
140.7
21.1
31.7
21.1
10.6
2.7
7.9

70.6
54.5
16.1
147.4
23.8
33.0
22.3
10.7
2.9
7.8

71.9
54.5
17.4
151.7
28.4
34.7
23.2
11.5
3.3
8.2

72.0
54.2
17.8
152.8
29.5
35.2
23.8
11.4
3.3
8.1

Number poor c (millions)
All ages
Children under 18 in families—
With male householder d
With female householder
18–54 e
55–64
65 or older
In families
Unrelated individuals
Men
Women

39.5

25.3

29.3

33.1

33.6

36.4

31.1

35.8

37.0

17.2
13.1
4.1
13.4
3.3
5.5
3.2
2.3
0.7
1.6

10.5
5.7
4.8
8.2
2.1
4.7
2.0
2.7
0.5
2.2

11.1
5.2
5.9
12.2
2.1
3.9
1.4
2.4
0.4
2.0

12.5
5.8
6.7
14.8
2.3
3.5
1.2
2.3
0.4
1.9

13.3
5.3
8.0
14.6
2.1
3.7
1.2
2.5
0.4
2.1

14.4
5.6
8.9
16.5
2.2
3.3
1.1
2.3
0.4
1.9

11.1
4.9
6.2
14.1
2.2
3.4
1.1
2.2
0.5
1.7

11.7
5.1
6.6
17.6
2.8
3.6
1.4
2.2
0.5
1.7

12.4
5.1
7.3
18.0
2.7
3.5
1.4
2.1
0.5
1.6

Percentage poor c
All ages
Children under 18 in families—
With male householder d
With female householder
18–54 e
55–64
65 or older
In families
Unrelated individuals
Men
Women

22.4

12.6

13.0

14.0

13.5

13.8

11.3

12.5

12.7

26.9
22.4
72.2
16.5
21.5
35.2
26.9
61.9
59.0
63.3

15.0
9.3
53.4
8.7
11.4
24.6
14.7
47.1
38.9
49.7

17.9
10.4
50.8
10.5
9.5
15.7
8.5
30.6
24.4
32.3

20.1
11.7
53.6
11.8
10.5
12.6
6.4
25.6
20.5
27.0

20.5
10.7
52.1
11.0
9.7
12.2
5.9
24.8
17.3
26.9

20.5
10.7
48.6
11.7
10.2
10.5
5.0
21.4
14.3
23.8

15.7
8.9
38.4
9.6
9.4
10.2
5.1
20.8
18.3
21.8

17.1
9.3
38.8
11.3
9.4
10.2
6.2
19.8
16.3
21.1

17.3
9.5
41.1
11.8
9.3
9.8
5.7
18.3
13.7
20.2

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2005 Income Supplement. Data for 1970 and 1975 are based on the 1970
Census of Population controls.
NOTES: Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Income and poverty status refer to the calendar year shown; family status is as of March of the succeeding year.
Based on revised methodology.
Includes armed forces in the United States living off post or with families on post. Excludes unrelated individuals under age 16.
Includes children in families with both spouses present and in families with male householder with no spouse present.
Includes persons under age 18 listed as unrelated individual, family householder, spouse of householder, or other family member.

CONTACT: Alberta Presberry (410) 966-8473.

Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 ♦ 3.15

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E3—Shares of money income from earnings and other sources for aged and nonaged families, 2004
Aged family units

Type of money income
received during year
Number of families and unrelated
individuals (millions)

Individuals aged 65 or
older living alone or
with nonrelatives only
Total Nonpoor
11.4

9.3

Nonaged family units

Multiperson families with
householder
aged 65 or older

Poor a
2.1

Total Nonpoor
12.1

11.3

Individuals under age 65
living alone or
with nonrelatives only

Poor a
0.8

Total Nonpoor
36.7

Multiperson families with
householder under age 65

Poor a

28.8

Total Nonpoor

Poor a

8.0

64.9

57.8

7.1

Percentage receiving income of specified type b
Earnings

15

18

3

43

45

16

81

92

38

93

97

65

Public program payments
Social Security c
Supplemental Security Income
Other public assistance
Other programs d

91
5
1
4

94
2
1
5

79
16
2
2

90
5
3
9

92
4
3
9

61
16
6
3

7
4
9
6

6
2
8
6

12
11
12
3

11
3
11
9

11
3
10
10

11
10
21
7

52

58

24

64

66

29

41

48

15

57

62

15

39

47

7

50

53

12

6

7

3

16

16

15

Other sources
Dividends, interest, rent
Employment-related pensions,
alimony, annuities

Percentage distribution of income, by type
100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Earnings

Total percent

17

18

1

36

36

8

88

89

48

90

90

67

Public program payments
Social Security c
Supplemental Security Income
Other public assistance
Other programs d

47
1
1
1

45

32
1

31
1

2
e

1

2
1

20
15
9
3

e

1

2
1
2
1

2

e

68
11
3
1

2

e

1

83
9
1
1

1
1

1
1

9
6
8
3

12

13

3

12

12

3

4

4

2

3

3

1

21

22

3

19

19

6

3

3

3

3

3

6

15,089

17,728

6,031

35,645

37,831

8,365

24,638

30,576

3,822

56,149

56,568

9,149

Other sources
Dividends, interest, rent
Employment-related pensions,
alimony, annuities
Median income (dollars)

e
e

e

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2005 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Poverty status based on money income of all family members after receipt of Social Security and any other cash transfer payments.
Received by individuals or any family member at any time during 2004. Most individuals or families received more than one type of income during the year.
Social Security may include more than one type of income during the year.
Unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation, or veterans’ payments.
Less than 0.05 percent.

CONTACT: Alberta Presberry (410) 966-8473.

3.16 ♦ Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E4—Current living arrangements of persons aged 65 or older, by sex and poverty status, March 2005
Population (thousands)
Living arrangement

Percentage distribution

Total

Poor

Nonpoor

35,213

3,457

31,756

11,448
23,765
21,553
2,212
1,006
1,206

2,098
1,358
1,206
153
133
19

9,350
22,406
20,347
2,059
872
1,187

Poor

Nonpoor

Percentage
officially poor

100.0

100.0

100.0

9.8

32.5
67.5
61.2
6.3
2.9
3.4

60.7
39.3
34.9
4.4
3.9
0.6

29.4
70.6
64.1
6.5
2.7
3.7

18.3
5.7
5.6
6.9
13.3
1.6

Total

All persons aged 65 or older
Total
Unrelated individuals
Family members
Householder or spouse
Other relative a
Poor by own income
Not poor by own income

Men
Subtotal
Unrelated individuals
Family members
Householder
Spouse of householder
Other relative a
Poor by own income
Not poor by own income

15,151

1,058

14,092

43.0

30.6

44.4

7.0

3,321
11,830
7,747
3,583
500
211
289

456
602
396
163
43
39
4

2,865
11,228
7,351
3,420
457
172
285

9.4
33.6
22.0
10.2
1.4
0.6
0.8

13.2
17.4
11.5
4.7
1.2
1.1
0.1

9.0
35.4
23.1
10.8
1.4
0.5
0.9

13.7
5.1
5.1
4.5
8.6
18.3
1.5

20,063

2,398

17,664

57.0

69.4

55.6

12.0

8,128
11,935
1,804
2,782
5,638
1,711
795
916

1,642
756
273
133
241
110
95
15

6,485
11,179
1,531
2,649
5,398
1,602
700
902

23.1
33.9
5.1
7.9
16.0
4.9
2.3
2.6

47.5
21.9
7.9
3.8
7.0
3.2
2.7
0.4

20.4
35.2
4.8
8.3
17.0
5.0
2.2
2.8

20.2
6.3
15.1
4.8
4.3
6.4
11.9
1.6

Women
Subtotal
Unrelated individuals
Family members
Householder, no husband present
Householder with husband present
Wife of householder
Other relative a
Poor by own income
Not poor by own income

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2005 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Living arrangements as of March 2005.
Poverty status in 2004 as reflected by income of unrelated individual or family money income for year compared with official poverty income criterion for families of appropriate size and composition.
Table includes civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
a.

Aged family members who are neither the family householder nor the spouse of the householder. Official poverty classification is based on combined income of all
related persons living together. Persons in this group are classified here on the basis of official poverty criteria for family income and on a comparison of their own
income with official poverty criteria for elderly persons maintaining their own households. The hidden poor are other relatives in nonpoor households whose own
income is below the official poverty line for unrelated individuals or married couples.

CONTACT: Alberta Presberry (410) 966-8473.

Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 ♦ 3.17

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E6—Percentage distribution of aged families receiving Social Security benefits, by share of income
from benefits and race, 2004
Individuals aged 65 or older living alone
or with nonrelatives only
Social Security share of money income
for year a

Total

Nonpoor

Poor

Multiperson families with householder
aged 65 or older
Percent
poor

Total

Nonpoor

Poor

Percent
poor

All races b
Number (thousands)
Percent

11,438
100

9,343
100

2,095
100

...
18

12,486
100

11,584
100

902
100

...
7

9
91
8
17
19
47

6
94
10
21
21
42

21
79
1
3
6
69

44
16
1
3
6
27

10
90
20
24
19
26

8
92
22
26
20
24

40
60
1
2
7
50

28
5
0
1
3
14

9,940
100

8,372
100

1,568
100

...
16

10,664
100

10,108
100

556
100

...
5

8
92
9
18
19
47

5
95
10
21
21
42

21
79
1
3
6
69

43
14
1
3
5
23

9
91
20
25
20
26

7
93
21
27
21
24

40
60
1
2
5
52

24
3
0
0
1
10

1,154
100

737
100

417
100

...
36

990
100

804
100

186
100

...
19

13
87
7
13
15
52

12
88
10
19
19
40

16
84
0
2
7
74

42
35
3
6
18
51

17
83
19
19
14
30

14
86
23
23
15
26

35
65
1
4
13
47

37
15
1
4
17
30

No Social Security benefits
Some Social Security benefits
Less than one-fourth of income
One-fourth to one-half of income
One-half to three-fourths of income
Three-fourths or more of income

White only
Number (thousands)
Percent
No Social Security benefits
Some Social Security benefits
Less than one-fourth of income
One-fourth to one-half of income
One-half to three-fourths of income
Three-fourths or more of income

Black only
Number (thousands)
Percent
No Social Security benefits
Some Social Security benefits
Less than one-fourth of income
One-fourth to one-half of income
One-half to three-fourths of income
Three-fourths or more of income

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, public-use file of the March 2005 Income Supplement.
NOTES: Civilian noninstitutionalized population residing in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
For a discussion of standard errors of estimated numbers and percentages, see Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-60.
. . . = not applicable.
a.
b.

Payments under Social Security program any time in 2004 to any family member as reported in the March 2005 Current Population Survey.
Includes other races.

CONTACT: Alberta Presberry (410) 966-8473.

3.18 ♦ Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E8—Poverty guidelines for families of specified size, 1965–2006 (in dollars)
Date of issuance a

1 person

2 persons

3 persons

4 persons

5 persons

6 persons

7 persons

8 persons

Increment b

December 1965
August 1967
September 1968
September 1969

1,540
1,600
1,600
1,800

1,990
2,000
2,100
2,400

2,440
2,500
2,600
3,000

3,130
3,200
3,300
3,600

3,685
3,800
3,900
4,200

4,135
4,200
4,400
4,800

4,635
4,700
4,900
5,400

5,135
5,300
5,400
6,000

500
500
500
600

December 1970
November 1971
October 1972
March 1973
May 1974

1,900
2,000
2,100
2,200
2,330

2,500
2,600
2,725
2,900
3,070

3,100
3,300
3,450
3,600
3,810

3,800
4,000
4,200
4,300
4,550

4,400
4,700
4,925
5,000
5,290

5,000
5,300
5,550
5,700
6,030

5,600
5,900
6,200
6,400
6,770

6,200
6,500
6,850
7,100
7,510

600
600
650
700
740

March 1975
April 1976
April 1977
April 1978
May 1979

2,590
2,800
2,970
3,140
3,400

3,410
3,700
3,930
4,160
4,500

4,230
4,600
4,890
5,180
5,600

5,050
5,500
5,850
6,200
6,700

5,870
6,400
6,810
7,220
7,800

6,690
7,300
7,770
8,240
8,900

7,510
8,200
8,730
9,260
10,000

8,330
9,100
9,690
10,280
11,100

820
900
960
1,020
1,100

April 1980
March 1981
April 1982
February 1983
February 1984

3,790
4,310
4,680
4,860
4,980

5,010
5,690
6,220
6,540
6,720

6,230
7,070
7,760
8,220
8,460

7,450
8,450
9,300
9,900
10,200

8,670
9,830
10,840
11,580
11,940

9,890
11,210
12,380
13,260
13,680

11,110
12,590
13,920
14,940
15,420

12,330
13,970
15,460
16,620
17,160

1,220
1,380
1,540
1,680
1,740

March 1985
February 1986
February 1987
February 1988
February 1989

5,250
5,360
5,500
5,770
5,980

7,050
7,240
7,400
7,730
8,020

8,850
9,120
9,300
9,690
10,060

10,650
11,000
11,200
11,650
12,100

12,450
12,880
13,100
13,610
14,140

14,250
14,760
15,000
15,570
16,180

16,050
16,640
16,900
17,530
18,220

17,850
18,520
18,800
19,490
20,260

1,800
1,880
1,900
1,960
2,040

February 1990
February 1991
February 1992
February 1993
February 1994

6,280
6,620
6,810
6,970
7,360

8,420
8,880
9,190
9,430
9,840

10,560
11,140
11,570
11,890
12,320

12,700
13,400
13,950
14,350
14,800

14,840
15,660
16,330
16,810
17,280

16,980
17,920
18,710
19,270
19,760

18,120
20,180
21,090
21,730
22,240

21,260
22,440
23,470
24,190
24,720

2,140
2,260
2,380
2,460
2,480
(Continued)

Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 ♦ 3.19

3.E Poverty
Table 3.E8—Poverty guidelines for families of specified size, 1965–2006 (in dollars)—Continued
Date of issuance a

1 person

2 persons

3 persons

4 persons

5 persons

6 persons

7 persons

8 persons

Increment b

February 1995
March 1996
March 1997
February 1998
March 1999

7,470
7,740
7,890
8,050
8,240

10,030
10,360
10,610
10,850
11,060

12,590
12,980
13,330
13,650
13,880

15,150
15,600
16,050
16,450
16,700

17,710
18,220
18,770
19,250
19,520

20,270
20,840
21,490
22,050
22,340

22,830
23,460
24,210
24,850
25,160

25,390
26,080
26,960
27,650
27,980

2,560
2,620
2,720
2,800
2,820

February 2000
February 2001
February 2002
February 2003
February 2004

8,350
8,590
8,860
8,980
9,310

11,250
11,610
11,940
12,120
12,490

14,150
14,630
15,020
15,260
15,670

17,050
17,650
18,100
18,400
18,850

19,950
20,670
21,180
21,540
22,030

22,850
23,690
24,260
24,680
25,210

25,750
26,710
27,340
27,820
28,390

28,650
29,730
30,420
30,960
31,570

2,900
3,020
3,080
3,140
3,180

February 2005
February 2006

9,570
9,800

12,830
13,200

16,090
16,600

19,350
20,000

22,610
23,400

25,870
26,800

29,130
30,200

32,390
33,600

3,260
3,400

SOURCE: Department of Health and Human Services, Federal Register, vol. 71, no. 15 (January 24, 2006), pp. 3848–3894.
NOTES: Except for Alaska and Hawaii. Guidelines for Alaska and Hawaii since 1980 are:
Alaska

Hawaii

Year

1 person

Increment

1 person

Increment

1980
1981
1982
1983
1984

4,760
5,410
5,870
6,080
6,240

1,520
1,720
1,920
2,100
2,170

4,370
4,980
5,390
5,600
5,730

1,400
1,580
1,770
1,930
2,000

1985
1986
1987
1988
1989

6,560
6,700
6,860
7,210
7,480

2,250
2,350
2,380
2,450
2,550

6,040
6,170
6,310
6,650
6,870

2,070
2,160
2,190
2,250
2,350

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994

7,840
8,290
8,500
8,700
9,200

2,680
2,820
2,980
3,080
3,100

7,230
7,610
7,830
8,040
8,470

2,460
2,600
2,740
2,820
2,850

1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

9,340
9,660
9,870
10,070
10,320

3,200
3,280
3,400
3,500
3,520

8,610
8,910
9,070
9,260
9,490

2,940
3,010
3,130
3,220
3,240

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

10,430
10,730
11,080
11,210
11,630

3,630
3,780
3,850
3,930
3,980

9,590
9,890
10,200
10,330
10,700

3,340
3,470
3,540
3,610
3,660

2005
2006

11,950
12,250

4,080
4,250

11,010
11,270

3,750
3,910

Separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii reflect Office of Economic Opportunity administrative practice beginning in the 1966–1970 period. The U.S. Census Bureau, producer of the primary version of the poverty measure (the poverty thresholds), does not produce separate figures for Alaska and Hawaii.
Before 1983, the guidelines shown are for nonfarm families only.
a.
b.

The guidelines are effective from the date of issuance (unless otherwise specified by a particular program using them).
Add this amount for each additional family member. Before 1973, increments between some of the smaller family sizes differed from the increment shown in the table.
Beginning in 1973, the increment has been the same for all family sizes in each year’s set of guidelines.

CONTACT: Gordon Fisher (202) 690-7507.

3.20 ♦ Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006