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# Mean

From a list of data: add them up and divide by how many there were. From a table: add an extra fx column and times together. Then do Mean=

Median
From a list of data: put them in order and find the middle number. If you are asked to do this from a stem and leaf, it’s probably easier to write all the numbers from the stem and leaf out before trying to find the middle number

If the data is grouped you may need to Also see cumulative frequency for work out the midpoints of each group. medians from grouped data. To do this: add together the top and bottom of the group, press equals, then Mode or Modal Group divide by 2. Or just go halfway if you can From a list of data: which number or spot it. thing comes up the most? From a table: which value or group had the highest frequency. NB It is not the value that appears most in the table!

Range
Largest value – smallest value From a table: largest value in 1st column – smallest value in 1st column

Frequency Polygons
Plot these as coordinates and join them up. If the data is grouped, use the midpoints. If two sets of data are used provide a key

Pie Charts
To find the size of your angles do
Size of angle =

Compare

If you are ever asked to compare two sets of data. ALWAYS write e.g. if 24/60 people chose BBC, do 1. a sentence comparing two averages (mean or median will do) Histograms e.g. boys have a higher median Area = frequency than girls. The height of the bars should be the 2. A sentence comparing the ranges frequency density= or IQR e.g. boys have a larger range than girls. NB – sometime you need to work out the scale for
NB – make sure you have actually worked them out somewhere! yourself, always add an extra frequency density column to the table.

g.  Going across at ¼ the total frequency and reading down gives you the LOWER QUARTILE  Going across at ¾ the total frequency and reading down gives the UPPER QUARTILE  UPPER QUART – LOWER QUART is Median is about 5.’s against the top end of each group. count how many When asked to compare times you need to multiply the original Compare the widths of the boxes but amount by the multiplier before you say interquartile range. the median is smaller for the boys .f.g. the reach it.2.2 =7 Some variation in answers is allowed Box and Whisker Plots Compound Interest Create your multiplier by adding the interest rate to 100 before dividing by 100.  Plot these c. E.Cumulative Frequency 1 Cumulative Frequency 2  Add up the frequencies as you go along. interquartile range is larger for the girls Compare the positions of the middle lines e. Upper quartile is 9.2 – 2. 4% interest has multiplier 1. Highest value – top end of whisker To find out how many years it takes to COMPARISONS reach an amount.g. E. Join them up with straight lines. graph should always be increasing  Going across at half the total frequency and reading down gives you the MEDIAN.04. called the INTERQUARTILE RANGE Lower quartile is 2. Then use Plot Smallest value – bottom end of whisker Lower quartile – bottom edge of the box Amount = Median – middle line of box Upper quartile – top edge of the box Where n is the number of years.4.2 so Interquartile range is 9.