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System Description of BTS3606A

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A

Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction to BTS3606A ............................................................................................1 1.1 Comparison Between CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO...........................................................1 1.2 Huawei CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO Mobile Network Solution ................................................2 1.2.1 Introduction to BSS/AN .............................................................................................2 1.2.2 Introduction to CN .....................................................................................................4 1.3 Role and Application of the BTS3606A................................................................................4 1.3.1 Role in the Network...................................................................................................5 1.3.2 Application of the BTS3606A ....................................................................................5 Chapter 2 Key Benefits...................................................................................................................6 2.1 Technical Features..............................................................................................................6 2.2 Large Coverage...................................................................................................................7 2.2.1 Receiver Sensitivity...................................................................................................7 2.2.2 Transmit Power (Measured at RF Port).....................................................................7 2.2.3 Cascading with the ODU3601C ................................................................................8 2.3 Flexible Networking Mode ...................................................................................................8 2.3.1 Networking Interfaces ...............................................................................................8 2.3.2 Networking Modes ....................................................................................................8 2.3.3 Clock Sources...........................................................................................................8 2.4 Convenient Operation and Maintenance .............................................................................9 2.4.1 System Status Monitoring .........................................................................................9 2.4.2 Data Configuration ....................................................................................................9 2.4.3 Alarm Processing......................................................................................................9 2.4.4 Security Management ...............................................................................................9 2.4.5 Test Function ............................................................................................................9 2.4.6 Site Monitoring ........................................................................................................10 2.4.7 Upgrade ..................................................................................................................10 2.4.8 Operation on the Equipment ...................................................................................10 2.4.9 Auto Restart ............................................................................................................10 2.4.10 Reverse Maintenance ...........................................................................................10 2.4.11 Interference Detection...........................................................................................10 2.5 Strong Environment Adaptability .......................................................................................10 2.5.1 Completely-Enclosed Integrated Structure..............................................................11 2.5.2 Wide Operating Temperature Range ......................................................................11 2.5.3 Robust Power Distribution Function ........................................................................11 2.5.4 Complete Lightning Protection and Monitoring Function .........................................12 2.6 Easy Upgrade and Expansion ...........................................................................................12 2.6.1 High Compatibility ...................................................................................................12
HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL I

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A

2.6.2 Flexible Configuration .............................................................................................12 2.6.3 Smooth Expansion ..................................................................................................12 2.7 Serial Products for Seamless Coverage ............................................................................12 Chapter 3 System Architecture....................................................................................................14 3.1 Outlook and Configuration.................................................................................................14 3.1.1 Cabinet Physical Features ......................................................................................14 3.1.2 Base Physical Features ..........................................................................................15 3.2 Cabinet Configuration........................................................................................................16 3.3 Functional Architecture......................................................................................................17 3.3.1 Baseband Subsystem .............................................................................................18 3.3.2 RF Subsystem ........................................................................................................19 3.3.3 Antenna Subsystem................................................................................................19 3.3.4 Power and Environment Monitoring Subsystem......................................................19 3.4 Physical Interfaces ............................................................................................................20 Chapter 4 Services and Functions ..............................................................................................22 4.1 Power Control and Rate Control........................................................................................22 4.1.1 Forward Power Control ...........................................................................................22 4.1.2 Reverse Power Control ...........................................................................................23 4.1.3 Rate Control............................................................................................................24 4.2 Handoff..............................................................................................................................24 4.2.1 Soft Handoff ............................................................................................................24 4.2.2 Softer Handoff.........................................................................................................24 4.2.3 Virtual Soft Handoff.................................................................................................25 4.2.4 Hard Handoff...........................................................................................................25 4.2.5 Handoff Between CDMA2000 1xEV-DO and CDMA2000 1X Systems ...................25 4.3 Radio Configuration...........................................................................................................25 4.4 Channel Configuration.......................................................................................................26 4.4.1 CDMA2000 1X Channels ........................................................................................26 4.4.2 CDMA2000 1xEV-DO Channels .............................................................................27 4.5 DO+ Features....................................................................................................................29 4.5.1 BCMCS...................................................................................................................29 4.5.2 Enhanced Proprietary QoS .....................................................................................29 4.6 1X Rel A Features .............................................................................................................29 4.6.1 Forward Power Control ...........................................................................................30 4.6.2 Cell Broadcast Short Message................................................................................30 4.7 Multi-Channel Function......................................................................................................30 4.8 Receiving Diversity............................................................................................................30 4.9 Cell Breathing....................................................................................................................30 Chapter 5 Reliability .....................................................................................................................32 5.1 System Reliability ..............................................................................................................32 5.1.1 De-rating Design .....................................................................................................32
HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL II

...................................................................................................42 HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL III ...............................................1 Structure of Local O&M System ............................................................................................................35 5............42 7............34 5..........................2...............................................33 5............................................................................................................35 5..............................1 Periodic Check on Key Resources..................3 Loading Management ......3......7 Reliability Measures for Input Power ...................................................36 5.........35 5.........................................................................................................3............................................................5 Abis Interface Link Backup...35 5..........37 6..................................................................2 Process Monitoring .......1 Structure of the O&M System ..................................1...34 5......1......4 Fault Isolation............34 5........2 Structure of M2000 System.........1 Protection Against Wrong Insertion of Boards..........3 Software Reliability.........................................2...............1..................................................2........................4 Configuration Management.......................................3.................................................................................................................7 Tracing Management ...................3.............................................41 Chapter 7 Technical Specifications..............................32 5...............................39 6.......34 5........36 5........................36 Chapter 6 Operation and Maintenance.33 5..............1.5 Black Box Function ........2 Hardware Reliability ......................................................................6 CE Pool Design for CCPMs .....7 Optimization of Standing Wave Alarm Detection..................................7 Status Monitoring and Alarm Report .......................................................................................2...................................2........38 6..........................40 6.............32 5.....................................2.........................1.................35 5..............3..........................1 Security Management ....................................................33 5...............................................................................................................1.....................................39 6.............................................................40 6.............................................................................................6 Test Management ..............33 5.............1.......................................................................3 BCIM Resistance Query.....................3.................2....35 5....SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 5...........2...................4 EMC Design...............2...............2...................................1..............................................................................2..............................................................2 BCKM Active-Standby Switchover .......................................5 Threshold for Closing CHPA/CMPA.8 Distributed Power Supply..................39 6.............................2.........................................................................................................................35 5........................................................................6 Self-Test ...............3 Thermal Design.................2 O&M Functions............3....................32 5..1...............40 6..........................9 Fault Monitoring and Handling .......................2......................................6 Redundancy Design......................3.................................8 Upgrade Reversibility ........2 Quality Control of Components .....................37 6.........3 Data Check .........................................................9 Log Function ..............................................2.....................................................................2 Alarm Management..............................................4 N+1 Redundancy for Baseband Fans ..............................................................................1 Engineering Specifications .............................36 5............2...................33 5........................................36 5..................37 6........1...........................................................................................40 6................8 Maintainability Design ..........................34 5........................5 Equipment Management ......................................34 5.................3...............................................34 5...............

.....................44 7...............3...................44 7.................................................3.................45 7.....4 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications ..................................................................................................................1 Single Call Specifications................2 Capacity Specifications .............................4................................50 8......................................................................................................................................4...........................................45 7..............................................................................................................................................................47 7..............1 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 0 ........................2....................1 General Technical Standards ........................................................51 8.......................................................................................................52 8.............3 Abis Interface Standards ...................3...............6 Transmission Link BER Threshold Specifications..1 Physical Layer.................................................3 Trunking Call Specifications ...............................4 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 10 ...................................................4 TCP/IP ....................45 7...2 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 1 ......................3.............2 MAC Layer ........................2 Um Interface Standards................................1 Capacity in CDMA2000 1X Network .....................................................2 ATM Layer ...........................2.......44 7................51 8............51 8..3 Service Capability .............................................................................................48 7................................................................3 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 5 ........................5 ODU3601C Cascading Specifications ......................................51 8............52 8.....................................3.......................................6 EMC Standards .............................................................................................................51 8................................................SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 7...................2..........................56 HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL IV .................50 8.....5 Abis Interface High-Layer Protocol..................................................................................2........3...............................................................................7 Environment Standards ........................................6 Huawei Self-defined Standard....................50 8..........52 8...3...............................3 ATM Adaptation Layer ..........2.......................................2 Capacity in 1xEV-DO Network .....................................................................................................4........1 Physical Layer.4.....................54 Chapter 9 Acronyms and Abbreviations..........................................50 8.......................4 Lightning Protection Standards........................................................53 8................................................47 7.............................46 7................52 8.....3...50 8.........................................49 Chapter 8 Standard Compliance......2 Group Call and Broadcast Call Specifications...5 Safety Standards...............................................50 8.......................................44 7......................................45 7..............................

a data optimized evolution of CDMA2000 1X. provides a peak data rate of 2.6 kbit/s Reverse (RC3): 153. The new CDMA2000 1xEV-DO standard. This chapter compares the CDMA2000 1X and CDMA2000 1xEV-DO. 8-phase shift keying (8-PSK) and 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) Reverse: HPSK Forward: Virtual soft handoff Reverse: Soft handoff Forward: Rate control Reverse: Power control Modulation Forward: Quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) Reverse: Hybrid phase shift keying (HPSK) Forward: Soft handoff and hard handoff Reverse: Soft handoff and hard handoff Forward: Power control Reverse: Power control Handoff Rate/power control HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 1 . video phone. CDMA2000 1xEV-DO.4 Mbit/s in forward links and 153.1 Comparison Between CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO The BTS3606A supports both CDMA2000 1X and CDMA2000 1xEV-DO. It delivers diversified data services such as multimedia gaming. multimedia news. advocated by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 (3GPP2).6 kbit/s in reverse links.4 Mbit/s Reverse: 153. Table 1-1 Comparison between CDMA2000 1X and CDMA2000 1xEV-DO Item Peak rate Code data CDMA2000 1X Forward (RC3): 153. the code division multiple access 1 carrier (CDMA2000 1X) technology. real-time security information.6 kbit/s Convolutional code code and Turbo CDMA2000 1xEV-DO Forward: 2. 1. real-time video traffic updates. DO+. is now widely used for commercial purposes. video conference. provisions broadcast multicast service (BCMCS) and enhanced proprietary quality of service (QoS). and introduces the Huawei CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO network solution and the role of the BTS3606A in this solution. Table 1-1 lists the comparison between the two technologies.6 kbit/s Turbo code Forward: QPSK. and location-based services.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 1 Introduction to BTS3606A As a main stream of the 2G system.

M2000移动网管系统 CBSS BSC/PCF Packet Core MS/AT BTS Internet CNSS 外部网络 PLMN Circuit Core MS/AT BTS BSC/PCF PSTN ISDN MS:Mobile station PCF:Packet control function PSTN:Public service telephone network PCF:Packet control function CBSS:CDMA base station subsystem BTS:Base transceiver station CBSS:CDMA base station subsystem IMS:IP multimedia subsystem PLMN:Public land mobile network BTS:Base transceiver station Figure 1-1 Structure of Huawei CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO hybrid network 1. Figure 1-1 shows the structure of the Huawei CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO network solution. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 2 .1 Introduction to BSS/AN The following introduces two terms BSS and AN: The BSS is a term applicable to CDMA2000 1X technology.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Item Channel multiplex mode CDMA2000 1X Forward: Code division multiplex (CDM) Reverse: Code division multiplex CDMA2000 1xEV-DO Forward: Time division multiplex (TDM) and CDM Reverse: CDM 1. focusing on the BSS/AN.2 Huawei CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO Mobile Network Solution The Huawei CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO mobile network comprises: Base station subsystem/access network (BSS/AN) Core network (CN) The operation and maintenance of the system is implemented through an integrated mobile network management system.2.

II. The BSC usually integrates with the packet control function (PCF). including: BTS3606A The outdoor BTS3606A supports both CDMA2000 1X and CDMA2000 1xEV-DO standards. a single BTS3606A cabinet can provide a maximum capacity of 18 sector carriers. By using multi-channel modules. By using multi-channel modules. Huawei provides a series of CDMA BTS products for radio coverage in different situations. a single BTS3606A cabinet can provide a maximum capacity of 18 sector carriers. The AN is a term applicable to CDMA2000 1xEV-DO technology. The ODU3601C.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A It consists of one base station controller (BSC) and one or more base transceiver stations (BTSs). BSC/PCF The BSC performs the following functions: BTS control and management Call connection and disconnection Mobility management Power control Radio resources management HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 3 . It shares baseband processing resources with its master BTS to realize the transmission and reception of radio signals. BTS3606 The indoor BTS3606 supports both CDMA2000 1X and CDMA2000 1xEV-DO standards. The maximum capacity of a single BTS3606A cabinet is six sector carriers. BTS The BTS transmits and receives radio signals to enable the communication between the radio network system and the mobile station/access terminal (MS/AT). I. The maximum capacity of a single BTS3606 cabinet is six sector carriers. is also a product in the Huawei's BSS family. a soft BTS. BTS3601C The BTS3601C is an outdoor one-carrier BTS supporting the CDMA2000 1X standard. ODU3601C The ODU3601C is an outdoor one-carrier soft BTS supporting the CDMA2000 1X standard. It consists of CDMA2000 1xEV-DO BTSs and a BSC (integrated with the PCF).

MS/AT The MS is a mobile subscriber device used to originate and receive calls. It can be a computer (for example. 1. II. authentication and accounting (AAA) Access Network AAA (AN AAA) They connect to and communicate with the Internet. The AT is similar to a mobile station in a CDMA2000 1X system. Packet Domain Network The packet domain network includes the following elements: Packet data serving node (PDSN) Mobile Internet protocol home agent (MIP HA) Authorization. a laptop) or a data device such as personal digital assistant (PDA). however. As radio resources are limited. Circuit Domain Network The circuit domain network includes the following elements: Mobile switching center (MSC) Home location register (HLR) These network elements connect to and communicate with the public land mobile network (PLMN).2 Introduction to CN The CN comprises the packet domain network and the circuit domain network. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 4 . The PCF shields radio mobility from upper-layer services through handoff functions.2. 1.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Provision of stable and reliable radio connections for upper-layer services through soft/hard handoffs The PCF manages radio-packet (R-P) connections. and integrated services digital network (ISDN). The peer-peer protocol (PPP) connections. III.3 Role and Application of the BTS3606A The following describes the role of the BTS3606A in the CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO network and its application. public switched telephone network (PSTN). It communicates with the BSS. is maintained. I. they are released when subscribers are not sending or receiving any data. The AT integrates a radio modem and a data interface to enable the access to a packet data network through the AN.

Compatible with CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO.3. it serves one cell or several logical sectors. It also implements radio transmission over the Um interface. fast deployment.3. the BTS3606A can operate in the following modes: CDAM2000 1X mode CDAM2000 1xEV-DO mode CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO hybrid mode HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 5 . The BTS3606A is suitable for the areas with medium or high traffic density. radio parameters and interfaces.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 1.2 Application of the BTS3606A The BTS3606A is a heat exchanger outdoor BTS that adapts to complex natural and electromagnetic environment. It is ideal to realize seamless radio coverage. the BTS3606A helps the BSC manage radio resources. and strong environment adaptability. as well as associated control functions. Connecting with the BSC through the Abis interface.1 Role in the Network The BTS3606A is located between the BSC and MS/AT in the network. The BTS3606A features low cost. Under the control of the BSC. 1.

HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 6 . Adopt resource pool design to improve hardware resources utilization and system's error tolerance capability. including active negotiations. 2.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 2 Key Benefits The BTS3606A is designed to satisfy customers' requirements for services. coverage. Support CDMA2000 1X/1xEV-DO hybrid networking. Support IP transmission over the Abis interface. Support cascading with the ODU3601C to flexibly extend the coverage of radio network. Support high-power coverage and large-capacity coverage using carriers of different frequencies for a single sector. operation and maintenance (O&M). 800 MHz. Adopt digital intermediate frequency (IF) technology to improve system availability. Support power combination in the single-channel mode. and maintenance. coverage. and 1900 MHz bands. capacity. installation. The ratio of CDMA2000 1X carriers to CDMA2000 1xEV-DO carriers is flexible. Support various service negotiations. and non-negotiations. This chapter introduces the key benefits of the BTS3606A in terms of its technical performance. passive negotiations. Support forward and reverse load control and access channel load control to ensure the system capacity and the service quality. Support 450 MHz. Support push to talk (PTT) functions. networking. Allow the co-existence of single-channel and multi-channel transceiver modules in a same cabinet. Adopt intelligent fan control to increase the service life of fans and reduce the noise. power supply. Support smooth upgrade to CDMA2000 1xEV-DV (evolution – data and voice) based on advanced system architecture. Support the mixed insertion of different-band carriers in the same cabinet. and capacity expansion.1 Technical Features The BTS3606A boasts the following technical features: Support both the CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO standards. Support anti-interference through in-band adaptive wave filtering (applicable to single-channel modules). transmission.

In RC3. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 7 . but not in the CDMA2000 1xEV-DO.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Support microwave transmission.4 “Transmitter and Receiver Specifications”. Note: The BTS3606A supports CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO by using different types of channel processing boards such as CCPMs/CECMs. see 7. the maximum average transmit power per carrier is 40 W. II. 2.2 Large Coverage The BTS3606A can cover a wide area thanks to its excellent receiver and transmitter performance. I. see section 7. The BTS3606A supports single-channel and multi-channel configurations by using different types of RF modules such as CTRMs/CMTRs and CHPAs/CMPAs. For details. the maximum average transmit power per carrier is 60 W. When the BTS3606A operates at the 1900 MHz band. Multi-Channel Module Configuration When the BTS3606A operates at the 450 MHz or 800 MHz band. or 1900 MHz band.5 “Transmitter and Receiver Specifications”. Its coverage area can be further extended by cascading the Huawei ODU3601Cs.2 Transmit Power (Measured at RF Port) The following lists the transmit power measured at the radio frequency (RF) port of the cabinet. 800 MHz. the receiver sensitivity of the BTS3606A is better than: –127 dBm when equipped with single-channel modules –126 dBm when equipped with multi-channel modules 2. The channel element (CE) pool is employed in the CDMA2000 1X. For details.1 Receiver Sensitivity The main/diversity receiving technology is employed to optimize the receiving performance.2. 2. Single-Channel Module Configuration When the BTS3606A operates at the 450 MHz.2. the maximum average transmit power per carrier is 20 W.

1 Networking Interfaces The BTS3606A supports the networking through: E1 or T1 links Inverse multiplexing on ATM (IMA). each optical interface can connect three levels of ODU3601Cs to extend the radio coverage. star.3. 2. In addition. With a high precision clock module (HPCM) equipped. and cascading ODU networking modes. fractional asynchronous transfer mode (ATM). and fractional IMA IP transmission based on the E1 and fast Ethernet (FE) The Abis interface supports link backup function.3 Clock Sources The BTS3606A supports the following clock sources to adapt to various networking conditions: Global positioning system (GPS) clock Global navigation satellite system (GLONASS) clock Other external clock sources Thus. 2.3 Cascading with the ODU3601C The BTS3606A can cascade one or more ODU3601Cs using optical fibers.3 Flexible Networking Mode The BTS3606A enables flexible networking and supports various networking modes by providing various interfaces and clock resources.2 Networking Modes The BTS3606A supports chain.3. 2.3. which significantly enhances system availability. IP networking. it can adapt to various networking situations. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 8 . it can provide the GSM BTSs with transmission channels on the Abis interface in fractional ATM mode. The BTS3606A can provide a maximum of 12 optical interfaces. fractional ATM.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 2.2. user network interface (UNI). In a CDMA2000 1X or CDMA2000 1xEV-DO network. 2. tree. the BTS3606A can keep clock synchronization for 24 hours after the external clock source signal is lost. The BTS3606A can share the transmission network with GSM BTSs.

1 System Status Monitoring This function can show users the system operation and resource status. the configuration and status of the local cell and logical cells. The following describes the maintenance functions. It also supports data batch processing.4 Convenient Operation and Maintenance Operation and maintenance of the BTS3606A is implemented through the local maintenance terminal (LMT) and the iManager M2000 mobile network management system. You can configure the common data for multiple network elements at a time.4 Security Management The security management function includes: User login authentication Command authority restriction Confirmation of dangerous operation User group management Timeout locking 2. Data backup function is also available.4.4. 2. 2.4.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 2. 2.3 Alarm Processing The alarm processing function includes: Alarm collection Alarm clearing Alarm querying Alarm shielding Alarm filtering 2. The tests include: Board loopback test Self-test 9 HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL .4.5 Test Function The BTS3606A supports both offline and online tests.2 Data Configuration The BTS3606A supports dynamic data configuration.4. The configured data takes effect without resetting the BTS.

2. If the frame error rate (FER) is high. rain.4. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 10 . sun shine.4. sand.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Trunk loopback test 2.4. 2. When a board needs to be replaced. users can log in to the back administration module (BAM) from the LMT through the Ethernet port on the BCKM to perform operation.4. 2.4.4. and management over the whole BSS. 2. upgrade. 2. It determines whether there is interference based on the record.8 Operation on the Equipment The BTS3606A supports front operation. if the software versions of this board and the new board are different.11 Interference Detection The BTS3606A supports interference detection. the system automatically records the received signal strength indicator (RSSI) and traffic volume. and online insertion and removal of baseband boards. This facilitates the maintenance. the software of the new board can be upgraded automatically through the auto loading function.6 Site Monitoring A data transmission channel is available for the monitoring device in the equipment room to enable attendance-free operation and centralized monitoring of the BTS3606A. maintenance. it can restart automatically right after the faults are cleared. and expansion of the system.5 Strong Environment Adaptability The BTS3606A features excellent protection performance against wind. 2. The system can revert to the original version if the upgrade fails.10 Reverse Maintenance With the reverse maintenance function. The BTS3606A provides the auto loading function.7 Upgrade Users can upgrade the system remotely. and burglar.9 Auto Restart When the BTS3606A is out of service owing to power failure or transmission failure.

The operating temperature of the BTS3606A with heat exchanger is from –40°C to +45°C (–40°F to 113°F). Built-in batteries (two 12 V/100 Ah) or battery cabinet is available to ensure the normal operation of the system for a period of time in case of AC power failure. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 11 .3 Robust Power Distribution Function The BTS3606A supports single-phase or three-phase 220 V AC power inputs.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 2. It provides undervoltage protection when the voltage reaches 85 V. Supported voltage range is from 200 V to 240 V and frequency from 45 Hz to 60 Hz. The hierarchical power supply function of the BTS3606A ensures the transmission function of lower-level BTSs in case of mains failure. see GB4208: Enclosure Protection Level (IP code) or IEC 60529: Degrees of protection provided by enclosure (IP code). In a high-temperature environment.5. the BTS3606A uses its temperature control system to dissipate heat.2 Wide Operating Temperature Range The BTS3606A is equipped with a temperature control system. Note: For details about the IP55.1 Completely-Enclosed Integrated Structure The water-proof and dust-proof performance of the BTS3612A satisfies IP55 requirements. and smoke damage reaches Class 1. BTS3606A can be fully configured with four 12 V/100 Ah batteries. supporting four hours power supply. In a low-temperature environment.5. Built-in transmission power (+24 V–48 V) is available to provide the power supply for the transmission equipment with 250 W at most. 2. it activates the built-in heater to ensure normal temperature. The protection performance against moisture. 2.5. It provides overvoltage protection when the voltage reaches 290 V. mould. The system is also compatible with two-phase 110 V AC power input (phase difference: 180°). Supported voltage range is from 95 V to 135 V and frequency from 45 Hz to 65 Hz.

It also provides a powerful environment monitoring system to implement remote monitoring.2 Flexible Configuration The BTS3606A supports multi-cell configuration. 2.7 Serial Products for Seamless Coverage Huawei provides a full range of BTS products to enable a seamless coverage for urban. the BTS3606A in a CDMA2000 1X network can be upgraded to support CDMA2000 1xEV-DO. and modular structure. 2.6.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 2. By using multi-channel modules. suburb. 2. and hot spots. 2. flexible configuration.6 Easy Upgrade and Expansion Thanks to its high compatibility.6. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 12 . highway. the capacity of a single-channel BTS3606A cabinet can be expanded from 6 carriers to 18 carriers. Table 2-1 describes the applications of the Huawei BTS products. 2.4 Complete Lightning Protection and Monitoring Function The BTS3606A is equipped with reliable lightning protection facilities such as the built-in lightning protection board and external lightning protection box. The ODU3601C cascaded with the BTS3606A can be configured as an independent cell to realize flexible coverage. and rural areas. By replacing the CCPMs with CECMs and upgrading the software. the BTS3606A can be easily upgraded and expanded to meet different requirements. The BTS3606A supports omni-cell and 3-sector cell configurations.3 Smooth Expansion The modular structure allows the BTS3606A to be expanded by simply adding modules.1 High Compatibility The BTS3606A supports CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO (DO+) and smooth evolution to 1xEV-DV.5.6.

towns.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Table 2-1 Applications of Huawei BTS products Model Max carriers per cabinet Capacity Application Medium and small cities. highway. medium and small cities and towns High-traffic areas where room space is unavalble. underground. highway. underground. Low requirement for equipment room Densely populated areas and cities Densely populated areas and cities. densely populated areas and cities Densely populated areas and cities Type Indoor BTS supporting CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO Indoor BTS supporting CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO Outdoor BTS supporting CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO Outdoor BTS supporting CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO Indoor BTS supporting both CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO Outdoor BTS supporting both CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO Outdoor BTS supporting CDMA2000 1X (also applicable to indoor conditions) Outdoor BTS supporting CDMA2000 1X (also applicable to indoor conditions) Singlechannel BTS3606 Multichannel 6 Medium 18 Large Singlechannel BTS3606A Multichannel 6 Medium 18 Large cBTS3612 12 Large BTS3612A 6 Medium High-traffic areas where room space is unavalble BTS3601C 1 Small Indoor. and railroad ODU3601C 1 Small Indoor. and railroad HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 13 .

58 in.) x 980 mm (38.43 in.1.700 mm (66.93 in. and the functional subsystems and physical interfaces of the BTS3606A.1 Outlook and Configuration 3. 3.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 3 System Architecture This chapter introduces the physical features and configuration of the BTS3606A cabinet. Figure 3-1 BTS3606A cabinet HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 14 .) x 900 mm (35. The dimensions of the cabinet (excluding the components on the top of the cabinet) are: Height x Width x Depth = 1.1 Cabinet Physical Features The BTS3606A cabinet complies with IEC297 specifications.) Figure 3-1 shows the BTS3606A cabinet.

The difference lies in the air exhaust vent in the cabinet door only. Base Features The BTS3606A base features: The base can be fully configured with four 12 V/100 Ah batteries. Figure 3-2 BTS3606A base II. enhancing environment adaptability Light weight owing to its aluminum alloy materials Excellent electrical conductivity and shielding effect Good ventilation effect owing to its reasonable engineering of air ducts Easy installation and maintenance Nice and attractive outlook 3. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 15 .72 in.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Note: The BTS3606A cabinet is configured with an air conditioner or a heat exchanger.) x 830 mm (32.98 in. The BTS3606A cabinet features: Completely-enclosed integrated structure.) Figure 3-2 shows the BTS3606A base. The installation area of the battery is less than 1 square meter.1. Base Outlook The dimensions of the base are: Height x Width x Depth = 450 mm (17. supporting four hours power supply.2 Base Physical Features I.) x 990 mm (38.68 in. Figure 3-1 shows a BTS3606A cabinet with an air conditioner.

Table 3-1 Boards and modules of the BTS3606A Acronyms BCIM BCKM CCPM CECM CDDU CHCM CHPA CPCM CTRM Full name BTS control interface module BTS control & clock module Compact-BTS channel process module Compact-BTS EV-DO channel module Compact-BTS dual duplexer unit Compact-BTS high-precision clock mudule Compact-BTS high power amplifier Compact-BTS power combination module Compact-BTS transceiver module HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 16 . Air exhaust vent Air exhaust vent Secondary power supply switch box E1 lightning protection board C D D U C D D U C D D U +27V PDU Fan box C C P M / C E C M C C P M / C E C M CC CC PP B B MM C C / / K I CC M M EE CC MM CC CC PP B MM C / / K CC M EE CC MM Transimission Eqipment Transimission Eqipment Transimission Eqipment Transimission Eqipment Cable through C H P A / C M P A C H P A / C M P A C T R M / C M T R C T R M / C M T R C H P A / C M P A C H P A / C M P A C T R M / C M T R C T R M / C M T R C H P A / C M P A C H P A / C M P A C T R M / C M T R C T R M / C M T R Transimission Power Cable through AC lightning AC distribution box fuse Air intake vent power module Battery AC Filter unit/AC lightning Cable inlet Figure 3-3 A fully equipped BTS3606A single-channel cabinet Table 3-1 lists the boards and modules of the BTS3606A.2 Cabinet Configuration The following takes the BTS3606A supporting CDMA2000 1X as an example to describe the cabinet configuration. Figure 3-3 shows a fully equipped BTS3606A cabinet in the single-channel mode.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 3.

3. and the CECM to support 1xEV-DO. The CPCM provides power combination when the BTS3606A in single-channel configuration operates at 1900 MHz. The CTRM and CHPA are multi-channel modules. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 17 . Figure 3-4 shows the architecture of the BTS3606A. The same BTS3606A cabinet can be equipped with CCPMs and CECMs to support both CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO.3 Functional Architecture The BTS3606A system consists of the following functional subsystems: Baseband subsystem RF subsystem Power and environment monitoring subsystem Antenna subsystem Space is also reserved in the BTS3606A cabinet to hold the transmission equipment such as the micro wave equipment and SDH equipment.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Acronyms CMTR CMPA PSUAC/DC PSUDC/DC PMU Full name Compact-BTS multi-channel transceiver module Compact-BTS multi-channel power amplifier AC/DC power supply unit DC/DC power supply unit Power management unit Note: The BTS3606A uses the CCPM to support CDMA2000 1X.

HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 18 . Provides a fiber interface to the RF subsystem and processes the Um physical layer and common channel (CCH) media access control (MAC) layer protocols. CCPM. CECM. and CHCM. that of the built-in transmission equipment must be over 55 . In this case. you need to configure only one BCKM at the upper part of the BCKM slot and the CHCM at the lower part. Implements modulation/demodulation of CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO baseband signals and coding/decoding of CDMA channels. 3.3.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Um interface Baseband subsystem MS/AT Antenna subsystem RF subsystem Abis interface BSC 220 V AC or 110 V AC Power and environment monitoring subsystem BTS3606A Figure 3-4 BTS3606A functional architecture Caution: When the maximum working environment of the BTS is 45 . Performs system resource management. Provides synchronization clock signals to the BTS. BCIM. you need to configure the CHCM. If the BTS is required to maintain the clock signal as long as 24 hours when the BTS cannot lock the satellite synchronization clock signal. O&M. It has the following functions: Provides Abis interface and processes the Abis interface protocol. Note: The CHCM is optional. and environment monitoring.1 Baseband Subsystem The baseband subsystem comprises the BCKM.

HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 19 . environment monitor.3. Performs noise factor-adjustable down conversion and channel-selective filtering. Satellite Synchronization Antenna This part includes the following components: Satellite signal receiving antenna Feeder Jumper Lightning arrester The satellite synchronization antenna receives synchronization signals from GPS or GLONASS satellites to provide a precise clock source for the BTS. the RF subsystem processes signals as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) Filters the signals received by the antenna to suppress out-band interferences. Sends the signals to the antenna subsystem. CHPA/CMPA. On reverse links. On forward links. 3. I. 3. Completes power combination (optional).2 RF Subsystem The RF subsystem consists of the CTRM/CMTR. Filters transmit signals.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 3. and CDDU. Performs low-noise amplification.4 Power and Environment Monitoring Subsystem The power and environment monitoring subsystem includes the power supply. and temperature controller. Finally sends the signals to the baseband subsystem.3 Antenna Subsystem The antenna subsystem includes the RF antenna and the satellite synchronization antenna. RF Antenna This part includes the following components: Transmit and receive antennas Feeders Jumpers The RF antenna transmits and receives signals over the Um interface. II.3.3. the RF subsystem processes signals as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) Performs power-adjustable up conversion and linear power amplification on modulated transmit signals.

IP interface ODU3601C cascading interface E1/FE 8 Transfers data to the BSC through an Ethernet network. If a PSU fails.4 Physical Interfaces The BTS3606A provides the following physical interfaces listed in Table 3-2. Abis interface Optical fiber 12 HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 20 . When T1 is used. II.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A I. A maximum of three ODU3601Cs can be cascaded in series. humidity. E1 or T1 8 When E1 is used. 3. They support IMA/UNI. III. smoke. and ATM over fractional ATM function. Temperature Controller The temperature controller may be an air conditioner or a heat exchanger that can ensure an operating temperature range: –40°C to 45°C (–40°F to 113°F). and reports them to the BCKM. the 75 Ω and 120 Ω link interfaces are available. water and access control data from the sensors. cascading. The BTS then performs associated operations and reports the information to the operation and maintenance center (OMC). The PSUs support online insertion and removal. the 100 Ω link interface is available. One CCPM provides two optical interfaces to connect ODU3601Cs. Power Supply The power supply consists of: AC distribution unit DC distribution unit PSUs (including PSUAC/DC and PSUDC/DC) Power management unit (PMU) Battery group Battery management unit The PSUs operate in N+1 redundancy mode. Table 3-2 Physical interfaces on the BTS3606A Interface Type Quantity Function These interfaces connect to the transmission system that connects to the BSC. The PMU collects environment variables such as temperature. an alarm will be reported. Environment Monitor The environment monitor includes the PMU and sensors.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Interface Type GPS/GLONA SS External synchronizati on clock input Ethernet interface Reference clock interface Synchronizati on test interface Power supply interface PGND interface DC interface Quantity 2 Function Connects to the satellite signal receiver and satellite synchronization antenna to provide long-term stable clock signals. Clock interface 1 Maintenance interface 1 1 Outputs 10 MHz signals for test purpose. Provides –48V DC power to charge the battery cabinet. Provides high-precision clock when GPS/GLONASS clock signals are unavailable. B. Clock test interface 1 Outputs PP2S signals for test purpose. Respectively connect to the grounding cable and auxiliary equipment. Power supply and protection ground (PGND) interface Antenna interface Environment alarm chest (EAC) interface 4 2 2 RF signal 6 Alarm signal 1 Provided by the PMU. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 21 . C. and N lines of three-phase power. Respectively connect to A. These interfaces serve three sectors. Provides local maintenance path. Each sector corresponds to two DIN connectors that can be used for both transmitting and receiving.

the BTS3606A adopts power control mechanism. used to control the transmit power of the BTS Reverse power control. Each subscriber is an interference source to other subscribers. the BTS3606A adopts: Rate control in the forward direction Power control in the reverse direction 4. The minimum performance of the BTS3606A satisfies C. the system capacity will reach the maximum. This chapter introduces the major CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO functions supported by the BTS3606A. Therefore.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 4 Services and Functions The BTS3606A complies with the following CDMA2000 1X specifications: The Um interface supports TIA/EIA IS-2000 Rel. the MS determines the method and frequency of reporting PMRM according to the received control message contained in the system parameter message. If every MS transmits at the minimum power needed. The BTS3606A complies with the following 1xEV-DO specifications: The Um interface supports the C. used to control the transmit power of the MS Operating in the 1xEV-DO system.1.1 Power Control and Rate Control The CDMA system is a self-interference system. The minimum performance of the BTS3606A satisfies TIA/EIA-97-D requirements. depending on the MS's protocol version and system parameters.S0024-0 standard. 4.A and is compatible with TIA/EIA-95-A/B. Power Control Based on PMRM In the power control based on power measurement report message (PMRM). I. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 22 .S0032-0 requirements. Power control is classified into: Forward power control. power control directly determines system capacity and quality of service (QoS).1 Forward Power Control There are several methods to realize forward power control. Operating in the CDMA2000 1X system.

Forward Fast Power Control The MS uses power control bits to adjust the transmit power of the BTS. Closed-Loop Power Control The BTS sends a power control command to the MS. Closed-loop power control is further classified into inner-loop power control and outer-loop power control. the interference is minimized and capacity increased. Power Control Based on EIB In the power control based on erasure indicator bit (EIB). Power Control Bit MS Eb/Nt BTS FER BSC Eb/Nt changing quantity Inner loop Outer loop Figure 4-1 Closed-loop power control HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 23 .SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A II. The power control bit can be transmitted at a maximum speed of 800 bit/s.2 Reverse Power Control Reverse power control includes open-loop power control and closed-loop power control.1. The BTS adjusts the transmit power according to the EIB information. The forward fast power control can accurately control the transmit power of forward channels. The CDMA2000 1X system supports high-speed data services. the MS detects forward frame quality and sends this information to the BTS in an EIB. I. which put high requirements on forward power control. Figure 4-1 shows the principle of closed-loop power control. and adjusts its transmit power according to the feedback from the MS. 4. III. Open-Loop Power Control The MS determines its transmit power to access the network according to the strength of the received pilot signal. As a result. II.

2 Handoff When the MS/AT moves out of the serving cell/sector or the signal quality deteriorates to an unacceptable level. it will also trigger a handoff procedure. the MS/AT will be handed off to another cell/sector to maintain the ongoing traffic. the BTS sends power control bits to the MS according to the received Eb/Nt value. In the soft handoff procedure. 4. 4.2.1. the MS maintains the connection with the previous cell till it establishes the communication with the new cell. It is a special case of soft handoff.2 Softer Handoff Softer handoff occurs between neighbor sectors that operate on the same frequency and belong to the same BTS. 4. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 24 . the BTS can combine the diversity signals received by these sectors. the speech quality during softer handoff is better than that during soft handoff. the BSC adjusts the Eb/Nt value according to: The frame error rate (FER) of the reverse signal received in the CDMA2000 1X network The packet error rate (PER) of the reverse signal received in the CDMA2000 1xEV-DO network Then the BTS sends power control bits to the MS based on the new Eb/Nt value. The following describes five types of handoffs. Different from the CDMA2000 1X.2. the 1xEV-DO also introduces virtual soft handoff function in forward traffic links. or two different BSCs connected to each other through the A3/A7 interface. Therefore.1 Soft Handoff Soft handoff occurs between neighbor cells that operate on the same frequency and belong to different BTSs. 4. The two BTSs can belong to the same BSC. the transmit power of the MS can be controlled accordingly. In this way.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A In the inner-loop power control. The MS can establish radio links with multiple cells.3 Rate Control Rate control applies to 1xEV-DO forward links only. The AT controls the rate of the forward traffic channel through data rate control (DRC) channel assignment. If the system determines that a handoff will help to improve the call quality and network performance. As the MS establishes radio links with multiple sectors under the same BTS. select and combine the data received from these links to improve conversation quality and reduce call drops. In the outer-loop power control.

and reverse RC3 Forward RC5 and reverse RC4 Each RC supports traffic channels of different data rates.2. 4.2.2. thus realizing interworking of both systems. This process is called virtual software handoff. Hard handoff includes: Intra-frequency hard handoff: Handoff between the BSCs without A3/A7 interface in-between. and signaling and data exchange in the two systems through the 1xEV-DO or CDMA2000 1X interface respectively. 4. For example.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 4.3 Radio Configuration The CDMA2000 1X physical layer supports multiple radio configurations (RCs). The transmission combinations supported by the BTS3606A include: Forward RC1 and reverse RC1 Forward RC2 and reverse RC2 Forward RC3 or RC4. call drops may occur. the MS first terminates the connection with the previous cell. Therefore. the CDMA2000 1X system with RC1 and RC2 is compatible with IS-95A/B. The BTS determines whether the sector is selected according to the DRC cover.4 Hard Handoff In the hard handoff procedure. Different RCs support the frames of different rate sets.5 Handoff Between CDMA2000 1xEV-DO and CDMA2000 1X Systems The system supports the handoff by the 1xEV-DO/CDMA2000 1X dual-mode terminal between the CDMA2000 1xEV-DO and CDMA2000 1X systems. The AT monitors all pilot signals in the active set and chooses the sector with best signals as its serving sector. The dual-mode terminal performs registration.3 Virtual Soft Handoff Virtual soft handoff is applicable to 1xEV-DO forward traffic links only. Inter-frequency hard handoff: Handoff between cells operating on different frequencies. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 25 . authentication. The bearer capability of the CDMA2000 1X system varies with RCs. 4. and then sets up a connection with the new cell. Then. it receives signaling messages and data from the selected sector. and feature different channel configurations and spread spectrum structures.

4. These physical channels are classified based on channel features. Forward common channels are further divided into: Forward pilot channel (F-PICH) F-PICH provides synchronization signals to the MSs operating in the BTS coverage. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 26 . As a result. I. Different from other channels. the 1xEV-DO uses a channel design different from that of the CDMA2000 1X. Forward common control channel (F-CCCH) F-CCCH sends overhead messages and MS-specific messages to the MS.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 4. Forward Channels CDMA2000 1X forward channels include forward common channels and forward dedicated channels. Forward fundamental channel (F-FCH) F-FCH carries traffic information between the MS and BTS.1 CDMA2000 1X Channels The following lists CDMA2000 1X channels. Forward paging channel (F-PCH) F-PCH sends overhead messages and MS-specific messages to MSs operating in the BTS coverage. Forward dedicated channels are further divided into: Forward dedicated control channel (F-DCCH) F-DCCH carries traffic information and signaling messages between the MS and BTS. Each CDMA channel in a sector supports seven paging channels at most. Forward quick paging channel (F-QPCH) F-QPCH sends the paging order and system configuration change order to slotted-mode MSs. Forward synchronization channel (F-SYNCH) F-SYNCH provides initial time synchronization information to MSs operating in the BTS coverage. the MS battery energy is saved. To support higher-rate data transmission. 4.4 Channel Configuration A series of physical channels are defined on the Um interface. instructing them to receive the paging messages. the F-PICH is an unmodulated spread spectrum signal that is always in the transmit state.

Forward Channels The CDMA2000 1xEV-DO forward channels adopt the TDM mode. 4. With respect to each supported paging channel. I. 32 access channels can be supported at most.2 CDMA2000 1xEV-DO Channels The following lists CDMA2000 1xEV-DO channels. It is applicable to RC3. Reverse common channels are further divided into: Reverse access channel (R-ACH) The MS communicates with the BTS and responds to paging channel messages through the R-ACH. RC4. It includes four types of channels: Pilot channel Signals transmitted on the pilot channel are unmodulated signals. The MS uses random access protocol to initiate an access procedure. It is applicable to RC3 and RC4 only.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Forward supplemental channel (F-SCH) F-SCH carries traffic information between the MS and BTS. Reverse supplemental channel (R-SCH) R-SCH carries traffic information between the MS and the BTS. and RC5 only. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 27 .4. Reverse enhanced access channel (R-EACH) The MS initiates the communication with the BTS or responds to dedicated paging channel messages through the R-EACH. Reverse dedicated channels are further divided into: Reverse fundamental channel (R-FCH) R-FCH carries traffic information between the MS and the BTS. They are used for AT synchronization and other associated functions. Reverse dedicated control channel (R-DCCH) R-DCCH carries traffic information and signaling messages between the MS and the BTS. II. Reverse Channels CDMA2000 1X reverse channels include reverse common channels and reverse dedicated channels.

Media access control (MAC) channel There are three code division sub-channels in the MAC channel: –Reverse activity (RA) sub-channel. pilot channel signals are only transmitted on the activated forward channels in a CDMA2000 1xEV-DO system. –Reverse power control (RPC) sub-channel. used for reverse power control. –Pilot channel The pilot channel helps the coherence demodulation and phase estimation of the BTS3606A. It broadcasts various overhead messages and transmits other uni-cast messages such as paging messages. The reverse access channel covers pilot sub-channel (transmitted on I channel) and data sub-channel (transmitted on Q channel). It plays an important role in helping the AT with the forward virtual handoff.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Different from the continuous pilot of IS-95/1X system. acknowledgement (ACK) channel. used for reverse overload control on the Um interface. used by the AN to inform the AT whether the DRC channel of the AT can be properly demodulated. Traffic channel The traffic channel carries traffic data. Reverse Channels The 1xEV-DO reverse channels include reverse access channels and reverse traffic channels. –MAC channel The MAC channel consists of reverse rate indicator (RRI) sub-channel and DRC sub-channel. Reverse traffic channel The reverse traffic channel covers pilot channel. II. The AT uses the DRC sub-channel to report the quality of the forward channel to the AN. Control channel The control channel is similar to the paging channel in a CDMA2000 1X system. MAC channel. It is a TDM channel serving multiple subscribers. –Data rate control lock (DRCLock) sub-channel. The AN can adjust the rate and the sector for transmitting data to the AT HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 28 . Reverse access channel The AT originates calls or responds to network paging messages through the reverse access channel. and data channel.

4. 4.2 Enhanced Proprietary QoS The enhanced QoS features include the following: DO dedicated line subscribers Inter-DO subscriber QoS IX dedicated line subscribers 4. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 29 . Each broadcast stream establishes a microchannel of terrestrial links.4 kbit/s.6 kbit/s. The DO+ features support the broadcast of intra-BTS BCMCS stream. –Data channel The data channel carries reverse data.5 DO+ Features The DO+ features include the BCMCS and enhanced proprietary QoS.8 kbit/s. In this way. 38. The RRI sub-channel indicates the data channel the rate for transmitting data.5. This function helps the AT adjust its forward rate estimation to improve system performance. 4.6 1X Rel A Features The 1X Rel A supports cell broadcast short messages and forward power control.2 kbit/s.6 kbit/s. and 153. In a 1xEV-DO system. Dynamic arming broadcast stream The BSC dynamically assigns a physical channel shared by subscribers to realize the broadcast.5. –ACK channel The ACK channel helps the AT notify the AN whether the data packets from forward traffic channel are correctly received. 19. On the configuration console.1 BCMCS The BCMCS includes static arming broadcast stream and dynamic arming broadcast stream. you configure a permanent virtual channel (PVC) link shared by subscribers to realize the broadcast. the air resources can be best utilized. 76. Static arming broadcast stream You must configure BCMCS broadcast links on the BTS3606A. it can transmit data at five rates: 9.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A according to DRC channel messages.

and 1900 MHz bands. the cell with heavier load reduces the transmit power on the pilot channel so that MSs at the edge of the cell can be handed off to the neighbor cell. A single-channel transceiver unit (consisting of one CTRM and one CHPA. A multi-channel cabinet can hold both the single-channel transceiver module and multi-channel transceiver module. 800 MHz. the system capacity is increased. The BSC implements fast power control according to the information.6. multi-channel transceiver units can realize the maximum configuration of S(6/6/6). Receiving diversity enhances the anti-attenuation capability of the BTS receiver.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 4. thus balancing the system load. and main/diversity receiving channels.8 Receiving Diversity The BTS3606A supports the receiving diversity function. The two sets of receiving equipment demodulate the received signals at the same time. 18 sector carriers. load sharing can be realized. 4. that is. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 30 . or one CMTR and one CHPA) can process one carrier signal. For neighbor cells.7 Multi-Channel Function The BTS3606A supports the simultaneous compatibility with single-channel transceiver module and multi-channel transceiver module. That is.6. This function is implemented through two sets of independent receiving equipment. 4. In this way.1 Forward Power Control The BTS3606A extracts forward frame quality bits on the reverse power control sub-channel reported by the AT and forwards them to the BSC. 4. 4. the BTS3606A adjusts its transmit power to control the coverage area. A multi-channel transceiver module (consisting of one CMTR and one CMPA) can process three carrier signals. The cabinet supports 450 MHz. each of which comprises the antenna. and ensures the receiving effect of the BTS under complicated radio environment. one CTRM and one CMTR. CDDU.2 Cell Broadcast Short Message The BTS3606A transmits broadcast short messages on the paging channel in multi-timeslots or periodic modes. Then the baseband processing unit decodes the signals with diversity combining algorithm to provide certain diversity gain.9 Cell Breathing Under the control of the BSC. Therefore. feeder.

5 dB. with a control step of 0.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A The controllable range of the transmit power for cell breathing function is from 0 dB to 24 dB. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 31 .

5. 5.1 System Reliability This section introduces the measures employed by the BTS3606A to improve system reliability. and vice versa.4 EMC Design The EMC design ensures that the electromagnetic interference (EMI) from other equipment has no impact on BTS3606A performance.1. Strict quality control is implemented during assembling process to ensure high reliability and stability in a long run. All components feature high quality that is proved by burn-in test and strict inspection.1 De-rating Design De-rating design aims to lower the electrical stress and temperature stress on the high-power or heat-generating components to a value smaller than the rated one.1.1.3 Thermal Design Thermal design focuses on the following aspects to minimize the impact of temperature changes on product performance: Component selection Circuit design Mechanical design Heat dissipation The thermal design ensures that the BTS3606A operates reliably in a wide range of temperatures. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 32 .SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 5 Reliability This chapter introduces the system reliability.1. 5.2 Quality Control of Components The category. hardware reliability. and software reliability measures of the BTS3606A. 5. 5. The replaceability is also considered in selecting components. specifications and manufacturers of the components are carefully selected based on the requirements for high reliability and maintainability. It slows components aging and prolongs the service life of components.

In addition. 5.5 Threshold for Closing CHPA/CMPA The BTS3606A is designed with a threshold for closing the CHPA/CMPA. The board can be removed and inserted directly from the front of the cabinet. In addition. thus avoiding the reconfiguration of the system or the degradation of QoS due to contingent faults. output.1. The system does not fail until all units become faulty at the same time.6 Redundancy Design For the purpose of reliability. then isolates the faulty component and automatically activates the standby components to ensure normal operation. To replace a faulty board. the system is designed with several units of the same type. If the temperature of the air intake vent at the baseband subrack exceeds 60 degrees Celsius. and generating alarms when the voltage is too low or too high Protection against sharp voltage drop and lightning strikes Protection of program and data in case of power failure 5. You can set the temperature for the threshold. the system first locates the fault.1.1. 5. 5.9 Fault Monitoring and Handling The BTS3606A system can detect and diagnose software and hardware faults. It can record. board indicators are provided to help identify board status.8 Maintainability Design Reasonable internal wiring of the BTS3606A enables easy board replacement. including restarting and reloading. the CHPA/CMPA is closed.1. When faults occur to the hardware.7 Reliability Measures for Input Power The BTS3606A provides the following measures to ensure the reliability of its input power: Protection against reverse connection of power supply Testing on the input voltage.1. you only need to remove the cables of this board.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 5. the system provides automatic error-correction and recovery functions. For software faults. and print fault information. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 33 . it collects environment information and generates alarms if there is any exception. The system confirms a hardware fault through repeated detection.

2.2. with one standby fan equipped.3 BCIM Resistance Query The BCIM supports resistance query. and notifies users of critical faults through the network management system. the system automatically carries out active-standby link switchover. Therefore.4 N+1 Redundancy for Baseband Fans The baseband fans operate in the N+1 redundancy mode. outputs.1 Protection Against Wrong Insertion of Boards When a board is inserted into a wrong slot. users can easily operate and maintain the system through a maintenance console. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 34 . For E1 ports.5 Abis Interface Link Backup The BTS3606A supports Abis interface link backup function to improve the reliability of links.6 CE Pool Design for CCPMs The CCPMs operate in the CE pool mode. you can both set and query the resistance. This avoids possible damage to the backplane owing to wrong insertion.2. If the active link is faulty.2 BCKM Active-Standby Switchover After the BTS is configured with the standby BCKM.2. 5.2 Hardware Reliability This section introduces the measures employed by the BTS3606A to improve hardware reliability.2. When one fan fails. 5. 5. 5. this standby fan starts working to ensure cooling effect. the standby BCKM will become active to ensure the normal operation and synchronization between active and standby clocks. 5. the special guide pins prevent the board from touching the backplane.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A The BTS3606A also records. They are connected into a daisy chain to maximize the utilization of channel resources and enable flexible channel capacity configuration for each sector carrier.2. the active BCKM backs up the configuration data and running data to the standby BCKM periodically. 5. 5. Once a critical fault occurs to the active BCKM.

When an error occurs to a power module. other software modules will not be affected.2.7 Status Monitoring and Alarm Report The BCKM monitors the status of other boards or modules. and reports the information to associated devices. The DC/DC power modules operate in N+1 redundancy mode. Checking the consistency of the data entered by the user to ensure correct reference relation among data. You can replace the faulty module during the live operation of the system. 5. Restoring the data to the initial state when the modification of some data fails. an alarm is generated and sent to the BAM. Conducting automatic check upon the version upgrade of the BTS3606A. 5.2. restoring the data.3 Software Reliability This section introduces the measures employed by the BTS3606A to improve software reliability.3. 5. 5. If it finds that certain resource becomes unavailable owing to software error.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 5. 5.2 Process Monitoring Process monitoring provides a channel for outputting various software and hardware faults while the software is running.3. This function helps you to monitor the running status of a specific task or system. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 35 . it releases the resource and outputs logs and alarms.3 Data Check Data check consists of the following contents: Checking the consistency of data on different processing boards.3.4 Fault Isolation In the BTS3606A. and outputting logs and alarms. 5.8 Distributed Power Supply The BTS3606A adopts a distributed power supply. if a fault occurs to a software module.1 Periodic Check on Key Resources The BTS3606A checks the software resources that are occupied for a long time. and reports alarms when fault occurs.3.

which helps locate problems efficiently. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 36 . its boards and backplanes to locate problems efficiently and accurately. When an upgrade fails. Log files also save the information prior to the occurrence of board failures.3.3. the system prompts to replace the board and records the associated information on the Flash memory of the board. you can refer to the log files to find out the normal status for the purpose of fault location or data restoration. 5.5 Black Box Function If a fatal error occurs to a board of a BTS3606A. 5.7 Optimization of Standing Wave Alarm Detection The optimization of standing wave alarm detection greatly increases the accuracy of detecting the BTS3606A standing wave alarms. A minor operation exception will not cause system restart. 5.3.3. When an unknown error occurs to the system. 5. you can restore the original program and data configuration.8 Upgrade Reversibility The BTS3606A allows program and data restoration. 5.3.9 Log Function The O&M software can automatically record users' operations and save them into a log file.6 Self-Test You can perform self-test on the BTS3606A system.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A The BTS3606A software also features powerful fault tolerance and correction capability.

1 Structure of Local O&M System Figure 6-1 shows the structure of the local O&M system used for BSS/AN. a local maintenance terminal (LMT) is connected to the BSC BAM.1. Far-End Maintenance To realize the far-end maintenance on BTS. The far-end maintenance process is as follows: 1) 2) The user enters commands through the LMT.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 6 Operation and Maintenance The operation and maintenance (O&M) over the BTS3606A can be performed through the local O&M system and the Huawei iManager M2000 Mobile Integrated Network Management System (hereinafter referred to as M2000 system). 6. IPoE BTS IPoA IPoE IPoA BSC IPoE BTS Router Internet Router IPoE IPoA: IP over ATM BTS: Base transceiver station IPoE: IP over Ethernet BSC: Base station controller Figure 6-1 BSS/AN's local O&M system I. 6. The BAM processes commands from the LMT. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 37 . where LMT is a client and BAM a server.1 Structure of the O&M System This section introduces the structures of the local O&M system and M2000 system. The local O&M system of the BSS is designed in client/server (C/S) structure. This chapter introduces the structures and functions of the local O&M system and M2000 system.

Users can also employ the reverse maintenance function to log in to the BSC BAM from the BTS to realize the maintenance over the whole BSS. timeout. the LMT is directly connected to the BTS through a network cable. Figure 6-2 shows the typical networking of the M2000 system. 6.X. or abnormality) and sends the results to the LMT in a specified format. and HLR) connect to the M2000 system with the M2000 server as the core through local area networks (LANs) or wide area networks (WANs). In this system. failure. The BAM records the operation results (such as success. In this way. users can manage the BTSs under the control of the BSC and carry out network planning in a centralized way.25.frame relay Figure 6-2 Networking of M2000 system HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 38 . Dialup Server NE NE PSTN WS M2000 Server Router NE Router WS E1. Near-End Maintenance To realize the near-end maintenance. the M2000 server is the core. Various network elements (such as BSC. Users can log in to the BTS through Telnet client and execute MML commands to maintain the BTS.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 3) 4) The BAM sends these commands to the host (BSC or BTS) and waits for responses. MSC.DDN. The BSC connects to the M2000 system through the BAM.2 Structure of M2000 System The M2000 system provides centralized maintenance functions for mobile communications equipment.1. II.

view query results. the O&M system provides strict security measures to manage and control users and operation terminals. You must log in to the system and pass the authentication before you can operate and maintain the BTS3606A. users can complete the following functions: Performance management: Register the traffic measurement tasks of NEs on the client. the system provides warnings and asks for confirmation. the system will automatically lock the screen.1 Security Management To prevent illegal operations. Fault management: Obtain required alarm data of the NEs from the alarm client by setting combined conditions. and view the execution results of the tasks registered on the whole network.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Through the M2000 system.2 Alarm Management The O&M system performs centralized management over the alarms of the BSC and the BTS.2. When the user does not operate the system within a specific period. The BSS maintenance console in the system provides real-time alarm management functions. including: Alarm collection Alarm clearing Alarm query Alarm processing Alarm storage Alarm interpretation Alerting Alarm shielding Alarm filtering Alarm acknowledgement 39 HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL . The system provides a multi-level authority mechanism so that only authorized users can use specified command sets. 6. The timeout locking function is provided. and perform associated management operations. Before the execution of important commands.2. such as security management. The user needs to enter the password again before he can continue with the operation. alarm management. 6. and loading management.2 O&M Functions The O&M system provides full range of functions for users to operate and maintain the equipment. 6.

the BTS3606A drives status indicators and alarm box to give out audible and visible alarms.5 Equipment Management Equipment management allows users to monitor and query the statuses of boards and the system. the alarm management system provides rich online help and multi-level filtering for alarms to help uses locate and remove faults. Software loading involves the downloading and activation of the central processing unit (CPU) software and the field programmable gate array (FPGA) logic. It also provides user operation logs and system running logs to facilitate fault location and removal. 6. Supported tests include: HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 40 . as well as batch processing of data.3 Loading Management The loading management function allows the loading of the software and the configuration data. 6.2.6 Test Management Test management functions help users locate faults and optimize system performance. Configuration data loading involves the downloading and uploading of configuration data. The equipment management function includes: Version query Status query Electronic label query Log management Equipment reset Resource block/unblock Power supply management 6.2. This function also allows users to query configuration data and check data consistency. While reporting alarms.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Alarm analyzing In addition. This function supports both online and offline data configuration.2.4 Configuration Management Configuration management involves the configuration of the BTS3606A equipment and radio resources. 6.2.

CTRM transmit power. and receive signal strength indicator) can be displayed in graphics on real-time basis. board temperature. The objects to be traced include various interfaces and indexes.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Board loopback test Self-detection test Abis link test 6. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 41 . The traced results of some indices (such as CPU load.7 Tracing Management Tracing management functions help users locate faults and analyze system performance.2.

58 in.) x 900 mm (35. The data is measured at 25°C (77°F) and complies with the GR487 specification) Availability ≥ 99.999% MTBF: ≥ 100. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 42 Operating temperature Relative humidity Noise .93 in.) Current range: 220 V AC to 240 V AC Overvoltage protection when the voltage reaches over 305 V Input power Frequency range: 45 Hz to 60 Hz Under voltage protection when the voltage reaches less than 90 V 110 V AC Two-phase input (phase difference: 180°) Cabinet weight Power supply configuration in full 410 kg (904. capacity. including engineering.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 7 Technical Specifications This chapter provides the technical specifications of the BTS3606A.000 hours Reliability MTTR: ≤ 1 hour (excluding the time spent on the journey) MTTR: ≤ 3 hours (including the time spent on the journey) Table 7-2 lists the whole system consumption of the BTS3606A with a battery cabinet.05 lb) (excluding the batteries and the built-in transmission equipment) The DC power of the BTS3606A is ≤ 2600 W The AC power of the BTS3606A with an exterior battery cabinet is ≤ 9000 W –40°C to +45°C (–40°F to 113°F) 5% to 100% ≤ 65 dBA (varies with the ambient temperature.700 mm (66. Table 7-1 Engineering specifications of the BTS3606A Item Cabinet dimensions (height x width x depth) Specifications 1.1 Engineering Specifications Table 7-1 lists the engineering specifications of the BTS3606A.) x 980 mm (38. transmitter/receiver performance. and ODU cascading specifications.43 in. 7.

477 6.463 2.844 3.350 1.894 3.025 0 405 628 1.215 0 405 810 1.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Table 7-2 Whole system consumption of the BTS3606A with a battery cabinet Charging time (h) 0 Standard (1) O 2 4 8 0 O (1) with big power and standard O (2) 1 2 4 8 0 1 S(1/1/1) 2 4 8 0 0.898 4.958 AC/DC Number of AC/DC (Pcs) 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 4 4 4 5 6 4 4 BTS configuration Battery capacity (Ah) 0 100 (built-in) 155 260 0 100 (built-in) 155 200 300 0 100 (built-in) 200 260 500 0 100 (built-in) 155 260 400 650 0 100 (built-in) 260 400 650 1.620 2.053 0 405 628 810 1.053 2.330 3.888 3.331 1.108 1.464 5.053 1.375 1.468 2.455 4.545 865 1.270 1.633 4.835 2.000 0 155 HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 43 .620 2.403 3.080 1.050 0 628 Maximum power (including the battery charge and excluding the heater) (W) 703 1.755 2.633 0 405 1.240 2.249 3.5 S(2/2/2) 1 2 4 8 0 0.675 2.493 1.160 2.053 1.5 S(3/3/3) (six power amplifier ) 1 2 4 8 Standard S(4/4/4) 0 5 Power added (W) 0 405 628 1.

355 5.963 8. which reaches 256 channels by means of resource pools. 7. The maximum reverse channel capacity of one carrier (three sectors configuration) is 128 channels. The former supports CDMA2000 1X protocols.2 Capacity in 1xEV-DO Network The BTS capacity in 1xEV-DO network depends on the number of sector carriers configured.3 Trunking Call Specifications Trunking call falls into the following three categories: Single call Group call Broadcast call HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 44 .300 7. and the latter supports CDMA2000 1xEV-DO protocols.2.2 Capacity Specifications The maximum capacity of one BTS3606A cabinet is 6 sector carriers.025 2. The BTS3606A supports two types of channel processing boards: CCPM and CECM.633 5.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A BTS configuration (six power amplifier and maximum power) S(5/5/5) S(6/6/6) Charging time (h) 1 2 4 8 Battery capacity (Ah) Power added (W) 1. the BTS3606A can provide 18 sector carriers. One sector carrier can serve up to 48 subscribers.1 Capacity in CDMA2000 1X Network The BTS3606A capacity depends on the number of sector carriers configured.053 2. The maximum reverse channel capacity of one carrier (three sectors configuration) is 96 channels.586 AC/DC Number of AC/DC (Pcs) 4 5 5 6 260 500 650 1. Equipped with multi-channel modules. One sector carrier serves about 20 IS-95 subscribers or 40 CDMA2000 1X subscribers.256 Maximum power (including the battery charge and excluding the heater) (W) 4. 7.2. 7.383 5.

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A

7.3.1 Single Call Specifications
Table 7-3 lists the single call specifications. Table 7-3 Single call specifications PTT seizure time Number of single calls supported simultaneously Processing time at BSS side less than 50 ms 40 (single sector carrier) 240 (single carrier in full configuration) 720 (multi–carriers in full configuration)

7.3.2 Group Call and Broadcast Call Specifications
Table 7-4 lists the group call and broadcast call specifications. Table 7-4 Group call and broadcast call specifications PTT seizure time Number of group calls and broadcast calls supported simultaneously Processing time at BSS side less than 50 ms 40 (single sector carrier) 240 (single carrier in full configuration) 720 (multi–carriers in full configuration)

7.4 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications
This section provides the specifications of the BTS3606A transmitters and receivers operating in different bands.

Note:

The transmit power is the maximum value measured at the RF port of the cabinet. The multi-channel transmit power is the total power instead of the power of an individual channel. The signal receiver sensitivity is the main and diversity receive sensitivity at the RC3.

7.4.1 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 0
Table 7-5 and Table 7-6 list the specifications of BTS3606A transmitters and receivers operating in the band class 0 (800 MHz band).

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SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A

Table 7-5 Specifications of BTS3606A transmitters operating in band class 0 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Frequency tolerance Transmit power Specifications 869 MHz to 894 MHz 1.23 MHz 30 kHz ≤ ! 0.05 ppm Single-channel module: 20 W Multi-channel module: 60 W

Table 7-6 Specifications of BTS3606A receivers operating in band class 0 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Signal receiver sensitivity Specifications 824 MHz to 849 MHz 1.23 MHz 30 kHz Single-channel module: Better than –127 dBm Multi-channel module: Better than –126 dBm

7.4.2 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 1
Table 7-7 and Table 7-8 list the specifications of BTS3606A transmitters and receivers operating in the band class 1 (1900 MHz band). Table 7-7 Specifications of BTS3606A transmitters operating in band class 1 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Frequency tolerance Transmit power Specifications 1930 MHz to 1990 MHz 1.25 MHz 50 kHz ≤ ! 0.05 ppm Single-channel module: 20 W Multi-channel module: 40 W

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SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A

Table 7-8 Specifications of BTS3606A receivers operating in in band class 1 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Signal receiver sensitivity Specifications 1850 MHz to 1910 MHz 1.25 MHz 50 kHz Single-channel module: Better than –127 dBm Multi-channel module: Better than –126 dBm

7.4.3 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 5
Table 7-9 and 0 list the specifications of BTS3606A transmitters and receivers operating in the band class 5 (450 MHz band). Table 7-9 Specifications of BTS3606A transmitters operating in band class 5 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Frequency tolerance Transmit power Specifications 460 MHz to 470 MHz 1.25 MHz 25 kHz, 20 kHz ≤ ! 0.05 ppm Single-channel module: 20 W Multi-channel module: 60 W

Table 7-10 Specifications of BTS3606A receivers operating in band class 5 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Signal receiver sensitivity Specifications 450 MHz to 460 MHz 1.25 MHz 25 kHz, 20 kHz Single-channel module: Better than –127 dBm Multi-channel module: Better than –126 dBm

7.4.4 Transmitter and Receiver Specifications in Band Class 10
Table 7-11 and 0 list the specifications of BTS3606A transmitters and receivers operating in the band class 10 (800 MHz band).

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23 MHz 25 kHz ≤ ! 0.5 ODU3601C Cascading Specifications Table 7-13 lists the specifications of the BTS3606A with respect to ODU3601Cs cascading in CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV-DO networks.23 MHz 25 kHz Single-channel module: Better than –127 dBm 7.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Table 7-11 Specifications of BTS3606A transmitters operating in band class 10 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Frequency tolerance Transmit power Specifications 851 MHz to 869 MHz 1. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 48 .05 ppm Single-channel module: 20 W Multi-channel module: 60 W Table 7-12 Specifications of BTS3606A receivers operating in band class 10 Item Operating band Channel bandwidth Channel precision Signal receiver sensitivity Specifications 806 MHz to 824 MHz 1.

Table 7-14 BER threshold specifications of transmission links Type 1X voice service Packet service Maintenance function Max. Maximum number of cascading levels Maximum cascading total distance after Maximum cascading distance of single Maximum cascading total distance after 7.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Table 7-13 Specifications of BTS3606A with respect to ODU3601Cs cascading Maximum cascading CDMA2000 1X distance of single 10 km (32.763. 70 km (229.763.6 ft) It applies to 32 subscribers and the BTS3606A version with the CFR function.6 ft) It applies to 32 subscribers and the BTS3606A version with the CFR function.272 ft) 8 km (26. Table 7-14 lists the BER threshold specifications of transmission links.4ft) It applies to 32 subscribers and the BTS3606A version without the CFR function. 4.5 km (14.246. BER threshold 2 x 10e-4 2 x 10e-6 5 x 10e-5 HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 49 .808 ft).4ft) It applies to 32 subscribers and the BTS3606A version without the crest factor reduction (CFR) function.5 km (14. 4. 1xEV-DO Maximum number of cascading levels 3 8 km (26.656 ft) (respectively corresponding to the two types of CCPM) 3 90 km (295.6 Transmission Link BER Threshold Specifications The bit error rates (BERs) of transmission links has the same impact on the UNI and IMA.246.

lightning protection.2.2.S0038-0V1. safety. EMC. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 50 .2.S0032-0V1.S0039-0V1. This chapter lists the major technical. 8. Federal IMT-MC (CDMA 2000) Cellular Mobile System Operating in Band 450 MHz.S0024-0V4.0 Enhanced Subscriber Privacy for CDMA2000 High Rate Packet Data C. C.1 General Technical Standards The BTS3606A complies with the following general technical standards: TIA/EIA-97-D: Recommended Minimum Performance Standards for Base Stations Supporting Dual-mode Spread Spectrum Mobile Stations. and environment standards observed by the BTS3606A.1 Physical Layer TIA/EIA IS-2000-2-A: Physical Layer Standard for CDMA 1X Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems.2 Um Interface Standards This section lists the Um interface standards that the BTS3606A complies on physical layer.0 Recommended Minimum Performance Standards for CDMA2000 High Rate Packet Data Access Network C.3 Service Capability TSB2000: Capabilities Requirements Mapping for CDMA 1X Standards.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 8 Standard Compliance The BTS3606A complies with various international standards.0 Signaling Conformance Specification for High Rate Packet Data Air Interface 8.2 MAC Layer TIA/EIA IS-2000-3-A: Medium Access Control (MAC) Standard for CDMA 1X Standards for Spread Spectrum Systems.0 CDMA2000 High Rate Packet Data Air Interface Specifications 8. 8. C. MAC layer and service capability. 8.

3 Abis Interface Standards This section lists the Abis interface standards that the BTS3606A complies on physical layer.3. ATM Forum af-phy-0064. 8.2 ATM Layer ANSI T1.00: ATM on Fractional E1/T1. SDH STM-1 ANSI T1.958: Digital line systems based on the synchronous digital hierarchy for use on optical fiber cables.101: Synchronization Interface Standard.3.627-1993: Telecommunications Broadband ISDN-ATM Layer Functionality and Specification. 8. III.3.3.3 ATM Adaptation Layer ITU-T recommendation I. STR-PHY-FN64-01.957: Optical interface for equipment and systems relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy. and so on. ITU-T G. E1 Interface E1 Physical Interface Specification.000.1 Physical Layer I.707: (3/96) Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH). ITU-T G.5: B-ISDN ATM Adaptation Layer 5 Specification: Type 5 AAL.703: (10/98) Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 8. September 1996 II.1. ITU-T G.366.4 TCP/IP RFC791: Internet Protocol. ITU-T I.2: B-ISDN ATM Adaptation Layer Type 2 Specification.001: Inverse Multiplexing for ATM (IMA) Specification Version 1. ATM AF-PHY-0086. RFC793: Transport Control Protocol. ATM layer. 8.363. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 51 . 8. ITU-T G.

3.R0003: Abis interface technical report for CDMA 1X Spread Spectrum System. ITU-T K. IEC60950 Safety of information technology equipment including Electrical Business Equipment.5 Abis Interface High-Layer Protocol 3GPP2 A. IEC 61643–1 (1998) Surge Protective devices connected to low-voltage power distribution systems.2 No 1-M94 Audio. Safety of radio stations.3.2 No 950-95 Safety of Information Technology Equipment Including Electrical Business Equipment. Earthing and bonding of telecommunication equipment in telecommunication centers. CAN/CSA–C22. ETS 300 253(1995) Equipment Engineering. 8.27 (1996) Bonding Configurations and Earthing Inside a Telecommunication Building.5 Safety Standards The BTS3606A complies with the following safety requirements: GB4943–2000: Safety of information technology equipment. radio electronic equipment using transceivers and their components. GOST 30631–99.6 Huawei Self-defined Standard CDMA 1X Abis interface high-layer specification 8.11 (1993) Principles of Protection against Overvoltage and Overcurrent. IEC60215 Safety requirement for radio transmitting equipment. IEC60529 Classification of degrees of protection provided by enclosure (IP Code). UL 1950 Safety of information technology equipment Including Electrical Business Equipment. General Requirements to machines. The general requirements and test methods.4 Lightning Protection Standards The BTS3606A complies with the following lightning protection standards: IEC 61312–1 (1995) Protection against Lightning Electromagnetic Impulse Part I: General Principles. CAN/CSA–C22. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 52 . GOST R 50829–95. UL 1419 Standard for Professional Video and Audio Equipment 73/23/EEC Low Voltage Directive. 8. instruments and other industrial articles on stability to external mechanical impacts while operating.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A 8. Video and Similar Electronic Equipment. ITU-T K.

UTRA (BS) TDD: Radio transmission and reception89/336/EEC EMC directive Council directive of 3 May 1989 on approximation of laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility.0–75. IEC 61000–6–1: 1997: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 6: Generic standards – Section 1: Immunity for residential. radio-frequency electromagnetic field immunity test.20: Resistibility of Telecommunication Switching Equipment to Overvoltages and Overcurrents. IEC 61000–4–2 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 2: Electrostatic discharge immunity test. commercial and light-industrial environments. IEC 61000–6–3: 1996: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 6: Generic standards – Section 3: mission standard for residential. IEC 61000–4–11 (1994): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 11: Voltage dips.6 EMC Standards The BTS3606A complies with the following EMC standards: TS 25. Electrotechnical devices. commercial and light industrial environments. induced by radio frequency fields. The general safety requirements. IEC 61000–4–5 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 5: Surge immunity test.2.007. Immunity tests.105. 3rd Generation Partnership Project. 8. IEC 61000–4–4 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 4: Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test. short interruptions and voltage variations. IEC 61000–3–3 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3: Limits –Section 3: Limitation of voltage fluctuations and flicker in low-voltage supply systems for equipment with rated current = 16 A. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 53 . IEC 61000–4–6 (1996): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 6: Immunity to contacted disturbances.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A GOST 12. IEC 61000–4–3 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques – Section 3: Radiated. CISPR 22 (1997): Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of information technology equipment. TSG RAN WG4. ITU-T Recommendation K. IEC 61000–3–2 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) – Part 3: Limits – Section 2: Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current = 16 A).

22-99: Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment. ETS 300 019-2-3: Equipment Engineering (EE). 8. Part 2-3. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 54 . FCC Part 15: Radio Frequency Device.113v3. Limits and test methods. GOST R 51318.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A CFR 47. SM. Limits and test methods. IEC 60529 "Degrees of protection provided by enclosure (IP code)" IEC 60721-3-1: Classification of environmental conditions – Part 3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities-Section 1: Storage. ETS 300 019-2-2: Equipment Engineering (EE). Specification of environmental tests Transportation Stationary use at non-weather-protected locations. IEC 60721–3–4 (1995): Classification of environmental conditions – Part 3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities – Section 4: Stationary use at non-weather protected locations. GOST 30429-96: Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment. Base station EMC.329-7: Spurious emissions. GB4798 Environmental conditions for electrician and electronic products application. IEC 60721-3-2: Classification of environmental conditions – Part 3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities-Section 2: Transportation. Specification of environmental tests Storage. Specification of environmental tests Transportation Stationary use at weather-protected locations. Part 2-2. Specification of environmental tests Transportation. TS 25. ETS 300 019-2-1: Equipment Engineering (EE). Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment. Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment. IEC 60721–3–3 (1994): Classification of environmental conditions – Part 3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities – Section 3: Stationary use at weather protected locations. Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment. ETS 300 019-2–3: Equipment Engineering (EE).0: 3rd Generation Partnership Project. Man-made noise from equipment and apparatus used together with service receiver systems of civil application. ITU-R Rec. Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment. Man-made noise from informational equipment. Part 2-3. Part 2-1.1. Technical Specification Group Radio Access Networks.7 Environment Standards The BTS3606A complies with the following environment requirements: GB4208 Degrees of protection provided by enclosure (IP code).

instruments and other industrial articles. IEC 60068–2–6 (1995): Environmental testing – Part 2: Tests . operating. GOST 15150–69: Machines.SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A IEC 60068–2–1 (1990): Environmental testing – Part 2: Tests. Requirements to packing and transportation and test methods. Categories. storage and transportation conditions in compliance with the environmental factors. GOST 23088–80: Electronic equipment. HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 55 . IEC 60068–2–2 (1974): Environmental testing – Part 2: Tests.Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal). Tests A: Cold. Applications for different climatic regions. Tests B: Dry heat.

Authentication and Accounting Alternating Current Acknowledgement Access Network Access Terminal Asynchronous Transfer Mode B BAM BCIM BCKM BTS BSC BSS Back Administration Module BTS Control Interface Module BTS Clock Module Base Transceiver Station Base Station Controller Base Station Subsystem C CC CCH CCPM CDM CDMA CDDU CE CECM HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL Control Channel Common Channel Compact-BTS Channel Process Module Code Division Multiplex Code Division Multiple Access Compact-BTS Dual Duplexer Unit Channel Element Compact-BTS EV-DO Channel Module 56 .Data and Voice 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 A AAA AC ACK AN AT ATM Authorization.Data Optimized Single 1.25MHz carrier Evolution .SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A Chapter 9 Acronyms and Abbreviations # 1xEV-DO 1xEV-DV 3GPP2 Single 1.25MHz carrier Evolution .

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A CFMM CHPA CIFM CMTR CMPA CN CPBM CPU CRCM CSLM CTBM CTRM Compact-BTS Fan Monitor Module Compact-BTS High power Amplifier Compact-BTS Intermediate Frequency Module Compact-BTS Multi-channel Transceiver module Compact-BTS Multi-channel Power Amplifier Core Network Compact-BTS Power Backplane Module Central Processing Unit Compact-BTS Radio Up-Down Convert Module Compact-BTS Serial port Lightning proof Module Compact-BTS Transceiver Backplane Module Compact-BTS Transceiver Module D DC DRC Direct Current Data Rate Control E EAC EIA EIB Environment Alarm Chest Electronics Industry Association Erasure Indicator Bit F F-CCCH F-DCCH FER F-FCH F-PCH FPGA F-PICH F-QPCH F-SCH F-SYNCH Forward Common Control Channel Forward Dedicated Control Channel Frame Error Rate Forward Fundamental Channel Forward Paging Channel Field Programmable Gate Array Forward Pilot Channel Forward Quick Paging Channel Forward Supplemental Channel Forward Synchronization Channel HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 57 .

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A G GLONASS GMSC GPS GSM Global Navigation Satellite System Gateway Mobile Switching Center Global Positioning System Global System for Mobile Communications H HA HLR HPCM HPSK Home Agent Home Location Register High Precision Clock Module Hybrid Phase Shift Keying I IMA IPoA IS ISDN Inverse Multiplexing on ATM IP over ATM Interim Standard Integrated Services Digital Network L LAN LMT LNA Local Area Network Local Maintenance Terminal Low Noise Amplifier M MAC MIP MML MS MSC MTBF MTTR Media Access Control Mobile Internet Protocol Man-Machine Language Mobile Station Mobile Switching Center Mean Time Between Failures Mean Time To Repair HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 58 .

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A N NE Network Element O ODU OMC OML OutDoor Unit Operation and Maintenance Center Operation and Maintenance Link P PCF PDA PDSN PER PGND PLMN PMRM PMU PP2S ppm PPP PSK PSTN PSU PSUAC/DC PSUDC/DC PTT Packet Control Function Personal Digital Assistant Packet Data Serving Node Packet Error Rate Protection Ground Public Land Mobile Network Power Measurement Report Message Power Management Unit Pulses Per 2 Seconds Parts Per Million Peer-Peer Protocol Phase Shift Keying Public Switched Telephone Network Power Supply Unit AC/DC power supply unit DC/DC power supply unit Push To Talk Q QAM QoS QPSK Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Quality of Service Quadrature Phase Shift Keying HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 59 .

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION OF BTS3606A R RA RAB R-ACH RC R-DCCH R-EACH RF R-FCH RLDU R-P RPC RRI R-SCH Reverse Activity Reverse Activity Bit Reverse Access Channel Radio Configuration Reverse Dedicated Control Channel Reverse Enhanced Access Channel Radio Frequency Reverse Fundamental Channel Receive LNA Distribution Unit Radio-Packet Reverse Power Control Reverse Rate Indicator Reverse Supplemental Channel S SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy T TDM TIA Time Division Multiplex Telecommunications Industry Association U UNI User Network Interface W WAN Wide Area Network HUAWEI CONFIDENTIAL 60 .