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COMPANION PLANTING Many plants have natural substances in their roots, flowers, leaves etc.

that can alternately repel (anti-feedants) and/or attract insects depending on your needs. In some situations they can also help enhance the growth rate and flavor of other varieties. E perience shows us that using companion planting through out the landscape is an important part of integrated pest management. In essence companion planting helps bring a balanced eco-system to your landscape, allowing nature to do its! "ob. #ature integrates a diversity of plants, insects, animals, and other organisms into every ecosystem so there is no waste. $he death of one organism can create food for another, meaning symbiotic relationships all around. %e consider companion planting to be a holistic concept due to the many intricate levels in which it wor&s with the ecology. 'y using companion planting, many gardeners find that they can discourage harmful pests without losing the beneficial allies. $here are many varieties of herbs, flowers, etc. that can be used for companion plants. 'e open to e perimenting and find what wor&s for you. (ome possibilities would be using certain plants as a border, bac&drop or interplanting in your flower or vegetable beds where you have specific needs. )se plants that are native to your area so the insects you want to attract already &now what to loo& for* +lants with open cup shaped flowers are the most popular with beneficial insects. ,ompanion planting can combine beauty and purpose to give you an en"oyable, healthy environment. -ave fun, let your imagination soar. $here are many ways you can find to incorporate these useful plants in your garden, orchard, flower beds etc.

.ollowing is a our plant guide (with some tips) to help you /wor& in harmony with nature./ 0es- we do practice companion planting at 1olden -arvest 2rganics 33,. %e always have. #ote4 $his guide is not intended to solve garden problems as the suggestions may wor& differently in various situations or perhaps not at all. 5on!t let that discourage you from giving the ideas a try* %hat wor&s for some may not wor& for others and vice versa. E perimenting is the only way we can gain new insight for our own individual gardens. +36#$ 1)I5E 63.63.64 +erennial that roots deeply. .i es the soil with nitrogen, accumulates iron, magnesium, phosphorous and potassium. %ithstands droughts with it!s long taproot and can improve "ust about any soil* 6lfalfa has the ability to brea& up hard clay soil and can even send its! roots through roc&s* #ow that is a tenacious plant* 6lfalfa is practically pest and disease free. It needs only natural rainfall to survive. 6M676#$-4 6 tropical annual that needs hot conditions to flourish. 1ood with sweet corn, it!s leaves provide shade giving the corm a rich, moist root run. -ost to predatory ground beetles. Eat the young leaves in salads. 6#I(E4 3icorice flavored herb, good host for predatory wasps which prey on aphids and it is also said to repel aphids. 5eters pests from brassicas by camouflaging their odor. Improves the vigor of any plants growing near it. )sed in ointments to protect against bug stings and bites. 1ood to plant with coriander.

and do not pic& beans or cultivate when they are wet. 'asil can be helpful in repelling thrips. 1arlic. corn.<= magnesium ma&ing them a valuable addition to the compost pile if you don!t care to eat them.ucumber. 'EE$4 1ood for adding minerals to the soil. dill . comfrey and marigolds. eggplant. brassicas. Mint. radish. -yssop. basil. $hey need rich soil with plenty of lime to flourish. improving the conditions for whatever crop you plant after the beans are finished. or it will spread viral diseases. 7ather than planting invasive mints around beets use your mint clippings as a mulch. 1reat for attracting beneficials and bees of course. . 6void4 2nions. It is said to repel flies and mos8uitoes. strawberry and cucumbers. 1rowing tip4 5o not allow beans to mature on the plant. . '6(I34 +lant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor.ompanions for beets are lettuce. oregano. 'ush 'eans. 6 good combo4 'ay leaves. . +lant near tomatoes to improve growth and disease resistance. parsley. 2ne of the best bee and wasp attracting plants. +retty perennial that tends to get powdery mildew. asparagus and petunias. 7osemary. 'asil also does well with peppers. 'orage flowers are edible. or it will stop producing. and rosemary.ompanion plant for tomatoes. chards. dill. peppers. 'eets are helped by garlic and mints.64 'enefit from chamomile. 'orage may benefit any plant it is growing ne t to via increasing resistance to pests and disease. 6fter you have planned this annual once it will self seed. '76((I.4 6 fresh leaf bay leaf in each storage container of beans or grains will deter weevils and moths. beets. s8uash. and are rich in calcium.ompanions for broccoli are4 'asil. 5o not plant near rue or sage. It also ma&es a nice mulch for most plants. sweet corn and melons are a good combo. $he leaves contain vitamin . $hyme and $omato. 'eets and &ohlrabi grow perfectly together. 6void planting with mustards.. 7unner or pole beans and beets stunt each other!s growth. sage. '60 3E6.coriander. tansy and peppermint. $he leaves are composed of . onions and brassicas. carrots.riends4 6ster family flowers. 'E6#(4 6ll bean enrich the soil with nitrogen fi ed form the air. potassium and mineral salts. 6dds trace minerals to the soil and a good addition the compost pile. (prin&le dried leaves with other deterrent herbs in garden as natural insecticide dust.23I4 . celery.rench -aricot beans. peas. 'eets are also beneficial to beans with the e ception of runner beans. $hey should leave. 'orage and strawberries help each other and strawberry farmers always set a few plants in their beds to enhance the fruits flavor and yield.67$EMI(I6(4 (ee %ormwood 6(+6761)(4 . cayenne pepper. potatoes. '72.or ladybug invasions try spreading bay leaves around in your house anywhere they are getting in and congregating. (age. :eep beans away from the alliums. 2nion. tomatoes. Monarda)4 +lant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor. (ummer savory deters bean beetles and improves growth and flavor. '2761E4 . 5eters tomato hornworms and cabbage worms. etc). #asturtium. 7adish. In general they are good company for carrots. garlic and potatoes. 1arlic improves growth and flavor. nightshades (tomatoes. . +otato. 9 . 'EE '63M (2swego. peppermint. 5ill. 3ettuce. Marigold. strawberries and most plants. 'eans are great for heavy nitrogen users li&e corn and grain plants because the nitrogren used up by the corn and grains are replaced at the end of the season when the bean plants die bac&.

orn. . 'uc&wheat>s shallow white blossoms attract beneficial insects that control or parasiti?e aphids. s8uash bugs.6$#I+4 5eters flea produces an oil that may protect root vegetables li&e carrots from some pests. . tomato. . grapes. Improves flavor of cabbages.lover interplanted with cabbage has been shown to reduce the native cabbage aphid and cabbageworm populations by interfering with the coloni?ation of the pests and increasing the number of predatory ground beetles.-6M2MI3E.oes4 . tachinid flies and lady beetles. onion and roses. 1rowing chamomile of any type is considered a tonic for anything you grow in the garden. 3eave some flowers unpic&ed and 1erman chamomile will reseed itself.araway can be tric&y to establish. +lant . strawberries. +ut the nasturtiums right under the broccoli plants. cabbage family. onion. ').ompanion to radishes.lowering may start within three wee&s of planting and continue for up to @A wee&s. potassium and sulfur. lettuce and broccoli for improved growth and flavor. .-E7CI34 .lowers for celery4 cosmos. +lant dill and parsnips away from carrots. dill and sage help repel pests with their distinct aromas. Bapanese beetles. 'oth li&e full sun.6772$(4 $heir pals are leaf lettuce. ants and weevils. eggplants. insidious flower bugs. aphids. . .6''61E4 . $hese nutrients are released as the residue of the buc&wheat brea&s down and are then available for later crops. 5on!t overloo& chard!s value as an ornamental plant in flower beds or wherever you have room for it. 'uc&wheat will ta&e up phosphorus and some minor nutrients that are otherwise unavailable to plants. corn or herbs. . . (aid to deter slugs. rue. $he flowers attract a number of beneficial insects especially the tiny parasitic wasps. . . . +airing it with plants that need little calcium is a good combination such as nasturtiums and beets. cabbage family. 7oman chamomile is a low growing perennial that will tolerate almost any soil conditions. onions and potatoes improve broccolis! flavor when planted near it. minute pirate bugs. . . -ost to hoverflies and wasps. predatory wasps.hamomile with cabbage as it Improves growth and flavor.:%-E6$4 (Member of the family +olygonaceae) 6ccumulates calcium and can be grown as an e cellent cover crop a&a green manure.elery improves growth and health. spinach and tomato. onions and tomatoes. later returning them to the soil.E3E704 . . 1E7M6#4 6nnual. . -erbs such as rosemary. 'roccoli loves plenty of calcium.oes4 1rapes. .676%604 1ood for loosening compacted soil with it!s deep roots so it!s also compatible ne t to shallow rooted crops. . onions and potatoes are good companion plants. 5on!t grow chard near cucurbits.ompanions4 'ean. $he beneficials it attracts include the following4 hover flies ((yrphidae). cucumbers and onions. melons.arrots can be infected with aster yellow disease from asters.abbage does not get along with strawberries. .-675(4 .resh catnip steeped in water and sprin&led on plants will drive away flea beetles. :eep it away from dill and fennel. dill.ompanions4 'ean. mustards and rue. tomatoes. lee&. 6ccumulates calcium. :eeps aphids off lettuce. Increases oil production from herbs. . $he fine roots ma&es topsoil loose and friable with only minimal tillage. peppers. 2ne drawbac& with tomatoes and carrots4 tomato plants can stunt the growth of your carrots but the carrots will still be of good flavor. lettuce and pole beans. . Irish potato and aster flowers. daisies and snapdragons. +lant it with strawberries. mites and other pests.elery..elery. 3i&es shade.

oriander. Marigold. It is said that cucumbers don!t do well planted ne t to tomatoes. lamb!s 8uarters..ucumber.ilantro.orn is a heavy feeder and the beans fi nitrogen from air into the soil however the beans do not feed the corn while it is growing.)M'E7(4 . +lanted among apple trees it helps prevent scab and among roses it prevents blac& spot.-70(6#$-EM)M(4 . coccineum &ills root nematodes.omfrey is truly essential to all gardens. . 6nother interesting helper for corn is the weed +ig!s $histle which raises nutrients from the subsoil to where the corn can reach them. 7osemary. 6 classic e ample is to grow climbing beans up corn while inter-planting pump&ins. $raditional medicinal plant. rich soil and plenty of moisture. potatoes and rue away from cucumbers. caraway. :eep corn away from celery and tomato plants by at least . (age and $hyme.-D foot tall perennial of the chrysanthemum family helps to repel moths. phosphorous and potassium.ucumbers are great to plant with corn and beans. 6 tea of chives may be used on cucumbers and gooseberries to prevent downy and powdery mildews.2($M6704 $his . 6ccumulates calcium. -elp to &eep aphids away from tomatoes. foliage spray. 5ill. (i. mustard. .7E04 $his is one ama?ing plant. . . 0ou will need patience as it ta&es about D years for plantings of chives to prevent the . cabbage. 6 win-win situation.-ICE(4 Improves growth and flavor of carrots and tomatoes. #asturtium. :eep sage.. 1arlic. . a familiar spice. %hen the bean plants die bac& they return nitrogen to the soil that was used up by the corn. potato. potatoes and dill. +artners coriander are for anise. carrots. nutrient miner.). peanuts. cucumber. 6 tea from this can be used as a spray for spider mites. beets. .hives may drive away Bapanese beetles and carrot rust fly. radishes and carrots. spider mites and potato beetle. 3ettuce.hinese +arsley etc. )seful planted around apple trees to attract predators of the woolly aphid. More on comfrey. brassica (broccoli. melons. 7adish. tomatoes. (ee chive tea on disease page. etc) and many others.lover interplanted with cabbage has been shown to reduce the native cabbage aphid and cabbageworm populations by interfering with the coloni?ation of the pests and increasing the number of predator ground beetles. 6void planting near beans and peas. 'ean.A feet.u&es also do well with peas. peas. 2nion. $o the right is a picture of the painted daisy from which pyrethrum is e tracted. pump&ins smother the weeds and helps corn roots retain moisture.omfrey is beneficial to avocado and most other fruit trees. 6ttracts many beneficials. 6 friend to apples. . 3i&es wet spots to grow in. . +otato.27I6#5E7 (. white geranium. $he corn provides a natural trellis for the beans. %hen left to flower and go to seed the dried tan seeds are . mums and sunflowers. $he three plants li&e the same conditions4 warmth. morning glory. s8uash and sunflower. 7adishes are a good deterrent against cucumber beetles. soybeans. . pyrethrum) %hite flowering chrysanthemums repel Bapanese beetles. . . 7ue and $ansy. beans.. . (the bad ones) It!s flowers along with those of . . 7epels harmful insects such as aphids. parsley. 1ood trap crop for slugs.ilantro. diseases. 5ill planted with cucumbers helps by attracting beneficial predators. #asturtium improves growth and flavor. .2M. -yssop.233675 17EE#(4 0ou can plant them with4 'asil. 3et the cucumbers grow up and over your corn plants. It is a member of the carrot family. . E cellent compost activator.e. .)4 $he leaves of this plant are .32CE74 3ong used as a green manure and plant companion and is especially good to plant under grapevines. pump&in. :eep them away from 1rapes.27#4 6maranth. Mint. cineraruaefolium have been used as botanical pesticides for centuries. %e have never had a problem with planting them ne t to each other. .

) 5ill goes well with lettuce. and carrot root fly. Eggplant is a member of the nightshade family and does well with peppers as they li&e the same growing conditions. corn. 6n old saying says to /plant fennel near your &ennel/ to deter fleas. and moles. onions.-D feet high with a bushy growth form. It has value in offending codling moths. root maggots. sweet corn and cucumbers. +ut branches and leaves in mole runs to banish them. . 1673I. 1arlic is systemic in action as it is ta&en up by the plants through their pores and when garlic tea is used as a soil drench it is also ta&en up by the plant roots. 5ill is the only thing you can plant with fennel. 2ther than that plant it by it!s self. . 1eraniums help to distract beet leafhoppers.56-3I6(4 $hese beautiful. spinach. $hey are a beautiful annual plant growing from . lettuce and celery. syrphid flies. li&e s8uash plants. caraway. . cabbage. pear trees.36E4 +lant with carrots. lavendar or tomatoes. and potatoes. 'est friend for lettuce. +lease be careful where you plant them if you have children and pets. 5ill does attract the tomato horn worm so it would be wise to plant it somewhere away from your tomato plants. Bapanese beetles. beans. 5ried fennel leaves provide additional flea repelling insurance when put inside the dog house or &ennel. 2n a positive note the foliage and flowers attract beneficials such as ladybugs. . beneficial parasitoid wasps and hoverflies . 1arlic accumulates sulfur4 a naturally occurring fungicide which will help in the garden with disease prevention.olorado potato bug. aphids and fungus gnats among others with as little as a G-H= concentration* It is safe for use on orchids too. peas.2)7-2!. . E35E7'E7704 6 spray (see insect treatments) made from the leaves can be used against aphids. plant around grapes. tomatoes. cucumber beetles and peach tree borers. cucumbers. tachninid flies. snails. tuberous annuals that can have up to dinner plate si?e flowers repel nematodes* 5I334 Improves growth and health of cabbage.ennel is a good flea repellent.:(4 5raws Bapanese beetles li&e a magnet which then dine on the foliage.32.E##E34 . It also benefits apple trees. 6ttracts hoverflies and predatory wasps. 7esearchers have observed that timereleased garlic capsules planted at the bases of fruit trees actually &ept deer away. roses. Elderberry leaves added to the compost pile speeds up the decomposing process. It!s certainly worth a try* .la contains tannin and linseed oils which may offend the .oncentrated garlic sprays have been observed to repel and &ill whiteflies. E11+36#$4 +lant with amaranth. . peas. It actually &ills many plants. 7epels aphids and spider mites to some degree. 5o plant dill in an appropriate spot for the swallowtail butterfly caterpillars to feed on. 6lso may repel the dreaded s8uash bug* (scatter some good si?e dill leaves on plants that are suspect to s8uash bugs. tarragon.our 2!cloc& are also poisonous to humans and animals. Even their caterpillars are beautiful. 12+-E7 +)71E4 5eters gophers. $he foliage is pure poison to them and they won!t live to have dessert* It is important to mention that . carrier of the curly top virus.ennel is not friendly and is allelopathic to most garden plants. peppers and cabbage. carrot root fly.4 +lant near roses to repel aphids. 1E76#I)M4 -7epels cabbage worms and Bapanese beetles. inhibiting growth or causing them to bolt. +lant under peach trees to help repel is an annual from @-F feet tall with blue or white flowers that readily self sows. thyme and marigold. 5o not plant near carrots.

ompanion plant to cabbage and grapes. 5ill and lettuce . clover. It grows where many others fail to thrive and can survive harsh winters. 36MI)M4 $his will repel potato bugs. the many tiny flowers attract 'raconid and Icheumonid wasps. radish and strawberries. this versatile sea herb will not only repel insects but feed the vegetables. oregano. If you have access to seaweed. It grows happily in the shade under young sunflowers. %e have observed that the root can yield anti-fungal properties when a tea is made from it. . 'looms over a long season. beans.olorado potato bugs. onion. carrots. ((ee4 -orseradish4 5isease) -27E-2)#54 (Marrubium Culgare) li&e many varieties in the mint family. lar&spur will attract Bapanese beetles. setting out in spring. 3ee&s also repel carrot flies. 6lso repels 'lister beetles.E4 5oes well with beets. oregano. attracting beneficial insects almost as long as you are li&ely to need them. -yssop may be the number one preference among bees and some bee&eepers rub the hive with it to encourage the bees to &eep to their home. It is not as invasive as other members of the mint family ma&ing it safer for interplanting. -EM+4 7epels many types of beetles which attac& brassicas. -0((2+4 . +rolific flowering lavender nourishes many nectar feeding and beneficial insects. onion. In particular we have observed that &elp foliar sprays &eep aphids and Bapanese beetles away when used as a spray every H days before and during infestation times. cucumbers. or blac&berries.or best results use horehound directly as a companion plant. $hey dine and die* 3ar&spur is poisonous to humans too. and $achnid and (yrid flies. $he larval forms of these insects parasiti?e or otherwise consume many other insects pests.176+E(4 -yssop is beneficial to grapes as are basil. -27(E765I(-4 +lant in containers in the potato patch to &eep away . )se dried sprigs of lavender to repel moths. :2-376'I4 May be planted with cucumber. 3emon balm has citronella compounds that ma&e this wor&4 crush and rub the leaves on your s&in to &eep mos8uitoes away* )se to ward off s8uash bugs* 3E$$). use it as a mulch to &eep slugs away. $here are some very effective insect sprays that can be made with the root. and lavender planted under and near fruit trees can deter codling moth. :E3+4 %hen used in a powder mi ture or tea as a spray.a big problem for many gardeners* 367:(+)74 6n annual member of the 5elphinium family. deters cabbage moths and flea beetles. bush beans. )se the bottomless pot method to &eep horseradish contained. :eep radishes and cabbage away from grapes.hives with grapes help repel aphids. strawberry or tomatoes. pepper. celery and onions which will improve their growth. sage. (timulates and aids fruiting in tomatoes and peppers. . (tart plants in winter from cuttings.. 3avenders can protect nearby plants from insects such as whitefly. 3EE:(4 )se lee&s near apple trees. pole beans. 5o not plant near radishes. 6void planting near legumes. +lanting clover increases the soil fertility for grapes. chives and thyme. :ohlrabi and beets are perfect to grow with one another* 5o not plant &ohlrabi with pole beans. peas. +lant your vines under Elm or Mulberry trees. geraniums. -orseradish increases the disease resistance of potatoes. 3EM2# '63M4 (prin&le throughout the garden in an herbal powder mi ture to deter many bugs. mint. broccoli. carrots. 36CE#5E74 7epels fleas and moths.

6 large plant.or nematode control you want to plant dense areas of them. deterring aphids. $hese marigolds also help to deter whiteflies when planted around tomatoes and can be used in greenhouses for the same purpose. rodents. M67B276M4 6s a companion plant it improves the flavor of vegetables and herbs. :eeping that in mind there is no reason not to set potted nasturtiums among your garden beds.abbage is a deterrent to the growth and flavor of lettuce. (imilar to celery in flavor. 32C61E4 Improves flavor and health of most plants.rench marigolds ne t to bean plants. +lant as a barrier around tomatoes. 2ne down side is that marigolds do attract spider mites and slugs. especially the yellow flowering varieties. . pump&in. patula) has roots that e ude a substance which spreads in their immediate vicinity &illing nematodes. ME32#(4 . 9 . 2ther suggested helpers for melons are as follows4 Marigold deters beetles. ants. cabbage.rench Marigold ($. &ale. 5o not plant . use one planted as a bac&drop. broccoli and mustards). +lant freely throughout the garden. M67I1235(4 (. )se cuttings as a mulch around members of the brassica family. 1reat trap crop for aphids (in particular the blac& aphids) which it does attract. +lus if you want a fast growing annual vine to cover something up morning glory is an e cellent choice. nasturtium deters bugs and beetles.are a perfect pair. %e have found that placing peppermint cuttings (fresh or dried) where mice are a problem is very effective in driving them off* M23E +36#$(4 (castor bean plant) 5eter moles and mice if planted here and there throughout the garden. #6($)7$I)M(4 #asturtium is an e cellent companion for many plants.alendula)4 1iven a lot of credit as a pest deterrent. . fleas. and under fruit trees. minuta) is the most powerful of the insect repelling marigolds and may also overwhelm weed roots such as bind weed* It is said to repel the Me ican bean beetle and wild bunnies* 'e careful it can have an herbicidal effect on some plants li&e beans and cabbage. It has been the practice of some . %hiteflies hate the smell of marigolds. 5eters wooly aphids. 9 Me ican marigold ($. and striped pump&in beetles. $he marigolds you choose must be a scented variety for them to wor&.ompanions4 . Mint flowers attract hoverflies and predatory wasps. cucumber beetles and other pests of the cucurbit family. s8uash bugs.orn. 'e careful where you plant it as mint is an incredibly invasive perennial. $his is a poisonous plant. radish and s8uash. whiteflies. (ee Moles4 . aphids and improves the health of cabbage and tomatoes. cauliflower. (weet mar"oram is the most commonly grown type. cabbage family plants (cabbage. 2regano provides general pest protection. cucumbers. &ohlrabi.ritter $rouble M27#I#1 1327IE(4 $hey attract hoverflies. MI#$4 5eters white cabbage moths. :eep lettuce away from cabbage. flea beetles. :eeps soil free of bad nematodesI supposed to discourage many insects. and improving growth and flavor. 5rop a seed of this in mole runs to drive them away. It li&es poor soil with low moisture and no fertili?er. collards. 1ood habitat for ground beetles. Earthworms are 8uite attracted to mint plantings. It is a companion to radishes. $here have been some studies done that proved this nematode &illing effect lasted for several years after the plants died bac&.

. +lant ne t to corn. 6lso benefits grapes. 3eaving the mi ture to rot. strawberries. +67(3E04 6llies4 6sparagus. In particular garlic may help repel peach tree borers which are a big problem for peach growers. %hen the o&ra is up and established plant the peas around the edges of the o&ra be used with most crops but especially good for cabbage. aphids and flea beetles. Intercropping onions and lee&s with your carrots confuses the carrot and onion flies* 2nions planted with strawberries help the berries fight disease. +E6(4 +eas fi nitrogen in the soil. 6ttracts hoverflies. (prays made from these are rich in silica and calcium. :eep away from rue and sage. dill. celery. +lant near broccoli. :eep +otato. 0ou may find that the peas are far less bothered by aphids when near o&ra. . roses and tomato. and blac& eyed peas. Mint and parsley are enemies. 2+63 '6(I34 6n annual herb that is pretty.or planting with the peas plant your 2&ra first. radish. It also gets along with basil. lee&. grapes. $omato and 7aspberry away from peaches.omfrey improves the li8uid feed even more. &ohlrabi. parsley. +arsley increases the fragrance of roses when planted around their base. tomatoes and turnips. 1arlic. brassicas. cucumber. 2nion and 6sparagus may be planted under or near peach trees. +67(#I+(4 +lant them along with bush bean. 3i&e many root vegetables. . 2:764 (-ibiscus esculentus ) +lant lettuce around your o&ra plants and they will shade the lettuce in the summer giving you some more growing time. oregano. cabbage and cauliflower to repel cabbage butterfly and near cucumbers to repel cucumber beetle. 2#I2#(4 +lanting chamomile and summer savory with onions improves their flavor. late potatoes or onions.fruit growers that planting nasturtiums every year in the root ?one of fruit trees allow the trees to ta&e up the pungent odor of the plants and repel bugs. 5o not plant peas with chives. lettuce and tomatoes. 6 nice variety to grow is 6las&a which has attractive green and white variegated leaves. 'ees and other good guys love it. strawberry. it then ma&es an e cellent li8uid feed. (prin&le the leaves on tomatoes. . gladiolus. 2&ra also does well with peppers and eggplants as it helps protect these brittle stemmed plants from high winds. 3et some go to seed to attract the tiny parasitic wasps and hoverflies. carrot. Invigorating for plants and improves their disease resistance.$7EE4 1rape. potato and radish. early potato. garlic. onions. corn. flowers and seeds of nasturtiums are all edible and wonderful in salads* $ry our recipe for4 #asturtium (alad #E$$3E(. :eep them well away from one another. beets. It has no taste effect on the fruit. :eep onions away from peas and asparagus. spinach. +E6. -airs on the nettles! leaves contain formic acid which /stings/ you. )se as a tea to ward off asparagus beetles. +E++E7MI#$4 7epels white cabbage moths. chicory. ($I#1I#14 $he flowers attract bees. carrots. $he leaves. sweet pepper. pepper. 2ther companions are carrot. and asparagus. 27E16#24 . eggplant. pea. . tasty and said to repel hornworms* 3i&e the other basils it also does well with peppers. bole beans. 7ose problemsJ (ee4 7ose 7 for answers. cucumbers.ompanions for peas are bush beans. chives. parsnips taste their best when harvested after a few light frosts which causes them to convert their starch into sugars. melons. (tudies say it is among the best at attracting predatory insects. onion. It is the menthol content in mints that acts as an insect repellant. asparagus and petunias.

cauliflower. mar"oram. (wiss chard and s8uash. %hy plant radishes with your s8uash plantsJ 7adishes may protect them from s8uash borers. tomato worms.hili peppers have root e udates that prevent root rot and other . oregano. beetles. dead nettle. )se the stems. &ohlrabi. fertile soil* 765I(-4 2ne of the wor&horses for the garden. 'russels sprouts or fennel. 'E33 ((weet +eppers)4 +lant peppers near tomatoes. 2regano provides general pest protection. eggplant. 5on!t plant these around potatoes4 asparagus. fla . +eppers can be harvested at any stage of growth.hervil and nasturtium improve radish growth and flavor. beet. +ic&le the green seed pod for caper substitutes. $omato plants. provides general protection. -ot peppers li&e to be grouped with cucumbers. spinach and members of the s8uash family. Me ican bean beetles and general garden pests. and o&ra are good protection for them. $he leaves can be used in a tea to ma&e a potent bug spray.ompanions for radishes are4 radish. 7adishes are a deterrent against cucumber beetles and rust flies. 5on!t plant them near fennel or &ohlrabi. 6nything that will help &eep them away is worth a try. -2$4 . -arvesting tip4 $he traditional bell pepper. peas. +eppers can double as ornamentals. . cabbage. pump&in. nasturtium. %arning4 +ennyroyal is highly to ic to cats. 6 good companion to tomatoes. In one trial. celery. cucumber.+E++E7(. parsnip. parsley. turnip and fennel. tomato. even though most varieties will mature red. parsley and rosemary. melon and s8uash. is harvested green. members of the cabbage family. onion and $agetes marigold. leaves and seeds in stir-frys.ompanions for potatoes are bush bean.-E5 E11 +36#$4 1row poached egg plant with tomatoes.usarium diseases. :eep potatoes and tomatoes apart as they both can get early and late blight contaminating each other. +2$6$24 . they will attract hover flies and hover flies eat aphids. gnats. +rotect them from scab by putting comfrey leaves in with your potato sets at planting time. o&ra. Marigold deters beetles. corn. $eas made from hot peppers can be useful as insect sprays. carrot. +lant these at G to @. petunia. . so tuc& some into flowerbeds and borders. +E++E7(. -erbs to plant near them include4 basils. $he leaves when crushed and rubbed onto your s&in will repel chiggers. +lanting them around corn and letting them go to seed will also help fight corn borers. 2nions ma&e an e cellent companion plant for peppers. If purslane is growing in your garden it means you have healthy. but plant everywhere. or yellow. melons. carrots. petunia and carrots. +)7(36#E4 $his edible weed ma&es good ground cover in the corn patch. rutabaga. lovage. +E$)#I6(4 $hey repel the asparagus beetle. . +E##0720634 7epels fleas. geraniums. orange. providing shelter from the sun with other plants will help &eep them from drying out and provide more humidity. parsnip. for e ample. flies. mos8uitoes and tic&s. 6lyssum ma&es a perfect living mulch for them. $hey do 8uite well with o&ra as it shelters them and protects the brittle stems from wind. sunflower. -orseradish. certain aphids. planted at the corners of the potato patch. #ever put them ne t to any beans. +)M+:I#(4 +ump&in pals are corn. +lant anywhere you have these problems. this measurably reduced damage to broccoli. $hey should also not be grown near apricot trees because a fungus that the pepper is prone to can cause a lot of harm to the apricot tree. chervil. broccoli. escarole. peas. cucumber. +26. bush beans. inch intervals amongst broccoli. lettuce. but their flavor doesn!t fully develop until maturity. pole beans. marigold. It should not be planted where cats might ingest it and never rubbed onto their s&in. horseradish. .hinese 5ai&on and (now 'elle radishes are favorites of flea beetles. basil. leafhoppers. #asturtium deters bugs. %hile you should always plant chili peppers close together. s8uash family. green peppers.

May be grown indoors in a sunny window. 5oes not li&e fertili?er* It is a perennial that can get 8uite bushy. cauliflower. and carrot flies. Marigolds deters beetle. celery. $he damage the leafminers do to radish leaves does not stop the radish roots from growing. It!s a good use of space because by the time s8uash plants start to get big the spinach is ready to bolt. they are good for you. bean beetles. cucumbers. improves growth and flavor. strawberries and fava bean. beans. . cabbage. )se cuttings to place by the crowns of carrots for carrot flies. onion maggot. and carrots to deter cabbage moths. 6 spray made from boiled rhubarb leaves. 5eters cabbage moths. 7emedy4 (ee cats and dogs4 7ue spray. 1ets along with cabbage. 70E4 6n e cellent use of plant allelopathy is the use of mow-&illed grain rye as a mulch. cauliflower. %e have started to cut it bac& every spring and it comes bac& in not time. onions and pump&in. 'russels sprouts and turnips.7adishes will lure leafminers away from spinach. fruits (in particular figs). Kones G and colder can overwinter rosemary as houseplants or ta&e cuttings. raspberries and lavender. onion and roses* It helps deter red spider mites from the columbines. fish moths. corn. peas. cabbage. 7hubarb protects beans against blac& fly. broccoli. . (20'E6#(4 $hey add nitrogen to the soil ma&ing them a good companion to corn. basil or sage.ompanions for rue are roses. More on sage.or some good eating try our delicious 7adish varieties. 5o not plant near cucumbers. (61E4 )se as a companion plant with broccoli. $hey are many tasty ways to prepare them. $here are some very stri&ing varieties of sage with variegated foliage that can be used for their ornamental as well as practical 8ualities. mint. garlic. 7oots easily from cuttings. (+I#6. cauliflower. (ome other interesting companions for rhubarb are the beautiful columbine flowers. +lant spinach with s8uash. or many other vegetables. rosemary. #asturtium deters s8uash bugs and beetles. onion. (age repels cabbage moths and blac& flea beetles. a win-win situation. icicle radishes. $ry planting cabbage and broccoli plants your rhubarb patch watch them thrive. which contain the poison o alic acid may be used to prevent blac&spot on roses and as an aphicide. (2)$-E7#%2254 +lant with cabbage. 7-)'67'4 6 good companion to all brassicas.ompanion plant to cabbage. 72(EM6704 . %hy not try soybeans. slugs. 2regano provides general pest protection. 6 delightful plant that is virtually pest free. -elpers4 'orage deters worms. beetles. $he allelochemicals that leach from the rye residue prevent weed germination but do not harm transplanted tomatoes. (L)6(-4 .ompanions4 'eans. eggplant. 7ue may cause s&in irritation in some individuals. flea beetle. -as helped repel cats for us. 7)E4 5eters aphids. .-4 +lant with peas and beans as they provide natural shade for the spinach. :eep radishes away from hyssop plants. and here and there in the garden. %onderful lemony scent when crushed or brushed in passing. melon. blac& flea beetles and carrot flies. cabbage. 6 pretty perennial with bluish-gray leaves. 0ou should not plant rue near cucumbers. $o ma&e it even more effective with Bapanese beetles4 crush a few leaves to release the smell. 6llowing sage to flower will also attract many beneficial insects and the flowers are pretty. :eep s8uash away from potatoes. onions or rue. $hey repel chinch bugs and Bapanese beetles. carrots and sage. flies and Bapanese beetles in roses and raspberries. snails.

$677612#4 +lant throughout the garden. roses and raspberries &eeping in mind that it can be invasive and is not the most attractive of plants. 6llies4 'orage strengthens resistance to insects and disease. borage. thyme.oes4 . ($76%'E7704 . %ooly thyme ma&es a wonderful groundcover. $hey are a member of the morning glory family. $hey will reseed freely and ma&e a beautiful groundcover every year. onions. $he sunflowers are so tough that the aphids cause very little damage and you will have nice seed heads for the birds to en"oy. ()MME7 (6C2704 +lant with beans and onions to improve growth and flavor. Me ican bean beetles.abbage. $6#(04 +lant with fruit trees./ high and @</ wide. 6nother plus is their blooms draw bees to pollinate early blooming fruit trees. )se clippings as a mulch as needed.(%EE$ +2$6$2E(4 (weet potatoes are not the same as regular potatoes. porous soil mi . $hey do well with root crops4 beets.or your reference4 you could grow a single sweet potato plant in a bo or tub that is at least @. peppers etc. (unflowers also attract hummingbirds which eat whiteflies. :eep them away from s8uash. parsnips and salsify. . 5eters flying insects. 2lder woody plants should be divided in spring. %e have been doing this for years and it is remar&able. spinach and thyme. ()#. )se a light. +lace a sta&e or trellis in the center to support the vine which grow up and outwards. $al& about a symbiotic relationship* (%EE$ 630(()M4 5irect seed or set out starts of sweet alyssum near plants that have been attac&ed by aphids in the past. $hyme is easy to grow from seeds or cuttings. . .riends are beans. (ummer savory helps to confuse and perhaps repel the (weet potato weevil. 0ou may want to use the upright form of thyme in the garden rather than the groundcover types. (tep bac& and watch the ants herd the aphids onto them. 5on!t be afraid to cut the plant up as tansy will bounce bac& from any abuse heaped on it* It is also a helpful addition to the compost pile with its! high potassium content. oregano etc. $he problem with sweet potatoes and s8uash is they will compete with each other as they both li&e to spread out. Bapanese beetles. $hese are the ones that you see on peonies and marching into the &itchen. 'russels sprouts. as a border. 6phids a problemJ 5efinitely plant a few sunflowers here and there in the garden. 5o not let it go to seed either as it may germinate in livestoc& fields. deters worms. s8uash bugs. Include it with sweet potatoes. /7egular/ potatoes are a member of the (olanaceae family which is the same as tomatoes. 6t least for us placing tansy clippings by the greenhouse door has &ept them out. 6lyssum flowers attract hoverflies whose larva devour aphids.32%E7(4 +lanting sunflowers with corn is said by some to increase the yield. 6 few. striped cucumber beetles. 9 $ansy %arning4 0ou do not want to plant $ansy anywhere that livestoc& can feed on it as it is to ic to many animals. 6romatic herbs such as dill. lettuce. broccoli. pole beans may be planted with them and left to grow on the ground with the potato vines. ants and mice* $ie up and hang a bunch of tansy leaves indoors as a fly repellent. only a few. sweet potato weevil and blac& aphids. 6lyssum ma&es a perfect living mulch for them.they ta&e up so much room and need full sun. $ansy which is often recommended as an ant repellant may only wor& on sugar type ants. 'ush beans and regular potatoes are companions to them also. $hyme. -oney bees love it when it is in bloom. not many pests li&e this one. In fact that is the general problem with sweet potatoes. cauliflower and &ohlrabi. $-0ME4 5eters cabbage worms. 7ecommended to enhance growth and flavor of vegetables. are some of the plants that wor& well with them. 6nother idea is to grow them in a container. 5iscourages cabbage moths.

2ne drawbac& with tomatoes and carrots4 tomato plants can stunt the growth of your carrots but the carrots will still be of good flavor. KI##I64 +retty ?innias attract hummingbirds which eat whiteflies. -orse. cabbage and cauliflower away from them. mint. 'ee balm. 6 tea made from wormwood will repel cabbage moths.$2M6$2E(4 $omato allies are many4 asparagus. carrots.all . (ee More on wormwood. Useful Gardening Tips %hich manure for what plantJ 1arden $ype $ype of Manure . lar&spur and mustard.hic&en. blac& flea beetles and fleas effectively. head lettuce. .astle. 2ther plants that do not do well with turnips are delphinium. (ilver Mound is great as a border plant and the most to ic wormwood. $ry it* It also attracts predatory wasps and ladybugs to name "ust two. marigold.ow or -orse Early .ow . garlic.ertili?er. improves growth and flavor. bean. chive. improves growth and flavor. 5on>t plant wormwood with peas or beans.ow %hen to 6pply Early (pring -orse or . . nasturtium. 5o not plant potatoes. $hese vegetables will compete for nutrients with the turnips and reduce crop si?e and yield. . $)7#I+4 +eas are good companions for turnips due to their nitrogen fi ing in the soil. fennel. 'asil repels flies and mos8uitoes. slugs. 5on!t plant them under walnut trees as they will get walnut wilt4 a disease that attac&s tomatoes growing underneath walnut trees. 0arrow has so many wonderful properties to it and is an ingredient in our own 1olden -arvest . 6ll ?innias attract bees and other insect pollinators. %27M%2254 :eeps animals out of the garden when planted as a border. for more details.rops (carrot. 5ill. mature dill retards tomato growth. until mature. 6 handful of yarrow leaves added to the compost pile really speeds things up. :ohlrabi stunts tomato growth.ow 7oot . . #ote4 6s wormwood actually produces a botanical poison do not use it directly on food crops. parsley.all (pring.or insect spray4 (ee wormwood spray 06772%4 0arrow has insect repelling 8ualities and is an e cellent natural fertili?er. basil. 'orage deters tomato worm. pea. Enemies4 corn and tomato are attac&ed by the same worm. chives and mint improve health and flavor.abbage does well with turnips because of the turnip!s tendency to repel certain pests. celery. radishes or other root vegetables near your turnips. :eep apricot. pepper. $he two best varieties for ma&ing insect spray are (ilver :ing and +owis . potato etc) 6cid 3overs. 6dversely +owis castle attracts ladybugs which in turn breed directly on the plant. marigold. It may increase the essential oil content of herbs when planted among them. snails. 6n e cellent deterrent to most insects.a?aleas. blueberry etc Ceggies . %-I$E 1E76#I)M(4 $hese members of the pelargonum family draw Bapanese beetles to feast on the foliage which in turn &ills them. pot marigold and sow thistle. :eep potatoes and tomatoes apart as they both can get early and late blight contaminating each other. onion. dill. cucumber.all 6frican violets4 )se chamomile tea to produce the best blooms they have ever had* 6nother .lower/2rnamental -orse or . 6lternately the pastel varieties of ?innias can be used as a trap crop for Bapanese beetles. improves growth and health.

.or summer eating grow them from sets. 0ou will then use the water to soa& your cuttings in overnight.A to prevent club root disease. 6nother method is to water your soil with willow water into which you have placed your cuttings. 3et steep until cool and strain bottle. 7ub on your hands to heal them.ertili?er does for violets. teaspoon bleach. 6ny willow (sali ) trees or shrub species will wor&. . $he sugar in the soda provides the flowers with carbohydrates (energy) and the bleach acts to control bacteria. $his means they effectively reduce the amount of . (oa& for . )se as you would any 6frican violet fertili? is the tannic acid in the tea helps the plants retain moisture ma&ing this a good choice for other plants too.of M or above (al&aline) to prevent scab. 6s an alternative pine needles may be used instead of comfrey leaves.happed hands4 Ma&e a very strong tea of spearmint leaves.ut flowers4 $o ma&e them last longer try this4 . . %illow contain a high concentration of I'6 however the effectiveness can vary by the amount of twigs you use. $his &eeps for about a wee& before going rancid. 7hi?ome or tuber rot4 %hen dividing perennials with rhi?omes or tubers dust the freshly cut parts with sulfur to prevent rotting. +lant %illows4 %hyJ %illows consume carbon as they grow. 'rassicas4 :eeping the soil p. $his wor&s almost as well as our 1olden -arvest #atural . I'6 in it!s natural state is a plant hormone or growth regulator. cups boiling water over @/F cup chamomile blossoms. $hen cut them into two to three inch pieces. $reat each fern with a F ounces of the tonic.ut a good handful of willow twigs. 0ou will need to ma&e a fresh batch of willow water for each use.hamomile blossoms can be purchased at health food stores and usually grocery stores.around M. the level of I'6 that is present when you ta&e your cuttings and the amount of time that you soa& your mi ture. . +lant Mar&ers4 If you write on your wooden or plastic plant mar&ers with pencil instead of a permanent mar&er they will last much longer* +otato scab4 %hen planting your potato sets put some wilted comfrey leaves in with them to prevent scab. 0ou can ma&e your own rooting hormone from the ever versatile willow tree.F-FH hours. 2nions4 $o raise onions for winter storage grow them from seeds. #atural 7ooting -ormone4 7ooting hormones available as li8uids or powders contain a synthetic form of indolebutyric acid (I'6). )se as needed. $wo applications should be sufficient.ombine H ounces of water with H ounces of gingerale or clear soda (M-)p) and @/. 2ther types of cuttings may be rooted directly in a "ar of the water. 9 $o ma&e4 +our . . +ut them in a glass or plastic container with a few inches of lu&ewarm water. @ tablespoon of mild shampoo to a 8uart of warm water.of < or below (acid) or a p. 6lso &eeping the soil for your potato patch with a p. .erns 6ilingJ 6 bit of caster oil can help save your ferns4 add @ tablespoon of castor oil.

poisonous chemicals. columbine. %illows can be planted as a sound barrier. but they do ma&e the caterpillar poisonous to most predators. rose-of-sharon. "ewelweed. impatiens. verbena. $he dried empty seed pods were used as . without bees over @AA. lantana 9 (hrubs and Cines4 'utterfly bushes. cardinal flower. trumpet honeysuc&le 'EE(** 5id you &now that the flowers bees love usually close at nightJ $he reason is bees only fly during the daytime.atmospheric carbon dio ide* %hen the cat&ins open in early spring they provide an abundant food source for pollinating insects when little else is available to them.rushing the ants bodies releases tannic acid which in turn protects the bird from parasites* -ummingbirds. the monarch butterfly is also poisonous. petunias. creeping trumpet vine. 'ees are attracted to flowers that are bright in color and have strong fragrance.HD. bee 'alm (monarda). lupines. 'ees are responsible for the e istence of many flowers. $hese leaves contain to ins. %hat are they doing this forJ . (ap from mil&weed was used by pioneers as a cure for warts $he airborne fluffy parachute of the seed was used by #ative 6mericans to insulate moccasins. 6 good e cuse not to ra&e them up. those wonderful creatures. It is used as an indicator of ground-level o?one air pollution. Indian paintbrush. daylilies. penstemons. flowering 8uince. to filter waste and as a wild bird habitat. favor brilliant red and orange flowers the most.AAA bags of mil&weed fluff for use in military life "ac&ets during %orld %ar II. butterfly weed. $he boys and girls from %isconsin schools collected . phlo .oral 'ells (heuchera). . hollyhoc&.ollowing are some of their favorite flowers4 9 +erennials4 . $hese to ins don>t hurt the caterpillar. $he survival of the monarch butterfly depends on this self-defense system provided by the mil&weed.which is very pretty and attracts butterflies too li&e it!s name. scarlet runner bean. 3ittle 'its of $rivia Monarch 'utterflies and Mil&weed +lants $he growing larvae (caterpillars) eat mil&weed leaves. cleome.hristmas tree decorations by early pioneers. 0ou may see them also pic& up ants in their bea&s and crush them on their feathers. %illows are also humus builders for the soil provided from their leaves falling at the end of the season. red salvia. 9 6nnuals4 F 2!cloc&s.AAA plant species would cease to e ist* . 'I75(* %oodpec&ers are voracious ant eaters. 'ecause it eats mil&weed leaves as a caterpillar. ?innias.

A years. they can mate with themselves*** $hey can stretch to . +ossibly one of the first fruit trees the gin&o produces an edible fruit that is similar to a persimmon. will usually go bac& in their hive to avoid a coming rainfall. 6 plant that everyone detests was found in an area where several feet of roc& and plastic sheeting were removed.32%E7(*** $he largest rose in the world resides in $ombstone. . %hat an ama?ing specimen to have survived through so many eras* It resides in the %heeler +ea& area of #evada. $he ging&o tree dates bac& to the Meso?oic era.0 $2M6$2 $he biggest tomato on record weighed in at a hefty M pounds @.inch bugs overwinter by producing an antifree?e chemical that protects their innards from becoming fro?en.'ees. which translates into a little over an inch a day* .AAA dollars in today!s economy* 6 scarlet and white tipped tulip ((emper augustus) sold for the amount of <. $he same tree today closely resembles its! ancestor and is also &nown as the /maidenhair/ tree. If you are ever in $ombstone this would be worth seeing. $his area had been untouched for at least . 8uite alive* $all grass4 $he giant bamboo originating from 6sia can reach heights of <A feet* It is a true grass.AAA dollars today* $7EE(**** $he oldest living tree is the bristlecone pine (pinus aristata). $hey also ingest soil and organic matter e8ual to the amount of their body weight each day.A times their normal length enabling them to s8uee?e through openings to get at food. .ast and furious the acacia does not live much longer than DA years. @/. 5id you &nowJ (lugs are hermaphrodites4 they all have male and female reproductive systems. . Earth %orms4 -ave the power to move stones that weigh <A times their own weight.<AA florins. feet a month.NAA years old. 'EE. 6t the bottom was pure white bindweed. $he oldest one found is F. 0es. 6ri?ona. . Ever wonder where that cor& in the wine bottle comes fromJ It comes from the cor& oa& which is the only tree that can survive /bar& harvesting/ as it has two layers of bar&. $he most e pensive flowers4 a hyacinth bulb from a variety called / &ing of 1reat 'ritain/ sold in @MMF for 3@AA.AA. $his would give it a current value of MA. 7osa 'an&iae planted in @H<< at the 7ose $ree Inn now covers over H. feeling the rise in humidity.ertain varieties can grow as much as . $his e8uates to over . It was grown by 1ordon 1raham of 2&lahoma.AAA s8uare feet on a massive trellis. ounces. 'ees are attracted to flowers that are bright in color and have strong fragrance. 5id you &now that the flowers bees love usually close at nightJ $he reason is bees only fly during the daytime. $he fastest growing tree in the world is the acacia.

$his would give it a current value of MA. $his area had been untouched for at least .ertain varieties can grow as much as . . Earth %orms4 -ave the power to move stones that weigh <A times their own weight. will usually go bac& in their hive to avoid a coming rainfall. +ossibly one of the first fruit trees the gin&o produces an edible fruit that is similar to a persimmon. feet a month. . It was grown by 1ordon 1raham of 2&lahoma.A times their normal length enabling them to s8uee?e through openings to get at food.inch bugs overwinter by producing an antifree?e chemical that protects their innards from becoming fro?en.ast and furious the acacia does not live much longer than DA years. 6t the bottom was pure white bindweed.AA. If you are ever in $ombstone this would be worth seeing. 0es. ounces. @/. %hat an ama?ing specimen to have survived through so many eras* It resides in the %heeler +ea& area of #evada. $he most e pensive flowers4 a hyacinth bulb from a variety called / &ing of 1reat 'ritain/ sold in @MMF for 3@AA.32%E7(*** $he largest rose in the world resides in $ombstone. 6 plant that everyone detests was found in an area where several feet of roc& and plastic sheeting were removed. . $he same tree today closely resembles its! ancestor and is also &nown as the /maidenhair/ tree. $he oldest one found is F. $he fastest growing tree in the world is the acacia. without bees over @AA.'ees are responsible for the e istence of many flowers. 6ri?ona.AAA plant species would cease to e ist* 'ees.0 $2M6$2 $he biggest tomato on record weighed in at a hefty M pounds @. they can mate with themselves*** $hey can stretch to . feeling the rise in humidity.NAA years old. $his e8uates to over . 7osa 'an&iae planted in @H<< at the 7ose $ree Inn now covers over H.AAA s8uare feet on a massive trellis. Ever wonder where that cor& in the wine bottle comes fromJ It comes from the cor& oa& which is the only tree that can survive /bar& harvesting/ as it has two layers of bar&.<AA florins. 8uite alive* $all grass4 $he giant bamboo originating from 6sia can reach heights of <A feet* It is a true grass.AAA dollars today* $7EE(**** $he oldest living tree is the bristlecone pine (pinus aristata). 5id you &nowJ (lugs are hermaphrodites4 they all have male and female reproductive systems. .AAA dollars in today!s economy* 6 scarlet and white tipped tulip ((emper augustus) sold for the amount of <. $he ging&o tree dates bac& to the Meso?oic era. which translates into a little over an inch a day* . $hey also ingest soil and organic matter e8ual to the amount of their body weight each day. 'EE.A years.

ollowing is a short list of common weeds.anada $histle. dies. (uppressor4 Me ican marigold. (oil-Indicator4 7ich. 2ne way to control it is by cutting it down to the ground several times a season.Weed ID & What They Can Tell Us +ic& 0our %eed4 'indweed.irsium arvense) Most of you are probably familiar with this no ious. 6lfalfa is so aggressive in its search for moisture and nutrients it can eradicate thistle.rabgrass5andelion-enbit3amb!s Luarters +laintain+urslane(purgeLuac& 1rass %eeds will always be present especially anywhere we really don!t want them. . $his has wor&ed so well that after several applications the thistle shrivels up. bac&ground facts. being sure not to leave any pieces laying around as the stems root with ease. %eeds congregate in force on land devastated by floods or fires to provide erosion control for the soil.hic&weed 6nnual4 ((tellaria media) 6nnual weed best controlled by pulling. Cinegar does act as a soil sterilant so you must be careful what it contacts. bindweed can put out DA s8uare yards of underground stems (stolons) in one season. everyone hates bindweed and wants to get rid of it* 6 perennial plant. %e use a veterinarian type syringe to do this so the solution is in contact only with the target plant. -owever if you have a barren slope where only bindweed grows it is preventing erosion. $he one and only plus for bindweed. It cho&es everything it can wrap itself around.anada $histle4 (. root and all. it is inevitable.onvulvulus arvensis) 2:. $he best method of attac& is to repeatedly chop it off at ground level to starve the root. . this is the best to use versus the store brands with about <= acidity. It is useless to pull it as it responds with new vigor. +lant corn in areas where .hic&weed . moist conditions with high fertility or organic matter. . In large. and what their presence may indicate. low fertility. $hey are natures protective groundcover and can be an indicator of your soils condition. If you can find DA= acidity vinegar. 2ne plant can produce @<. perennial weed. (ee weeds in the lin& page for some great I5 sites to find out what that weed is. heavily infested areas planting a smother crop of alfalfa or buc&wheat after mowing the thistles has proven to be very effective. $he alfalfa can then be tilled under in late summer to enrich the soil. 2ne method that can be used in small areas is to in"ect white vinegar into the center of the thistle. $his will eventually starve the thistles tough plant roots and &ill it. 0ou can put chic&weed in the compost pile.AAA seeds. -ow about a Mi ed weed and flower salad from your organic yardJ Many weeds are pac&ed full of nutrients and a great source of food* 'indweed4 (. lac& of organic matter. (oil Indicator4 5ry area with little or no topsoil.

(oil Indicator4 7ich soil. lac& of water and wea& grass varieties. but may be compacted or tilled. -ard to control when find chic&weed. 6 red-purple cast to the plant is showing a nitrogen deficiency. (ynthetic fertili?ers will only ma&e more favorable conditions for dandelions. 6pplications of -ydrogen +ero ide (D= solution) in a hose end sprayer at a rate of @G ounces of -ydrogen +ero ide to .A gallons of water per @AA s8uare feet of lawn will help o ygenate soil. high moisture. and lac& of water.escue grass. vitamin 6 and protein* -igh in vitamin 6. 3amb!s Luarters has triple the amount of calcium when compared to spinach. sidewal&s. thin grass.ompacted soil. It has a spinach li&e taste. inches or more to combat crabgrass. %ater in lightly when done. low calcium. +ic& and clean them then steam until they turn a vivid green. $hey can be coo&ed "ust li&e you would any other green leafy vegetable. If the chic&weed is pale and stuntedI fertility is low. May be composted. $he "uice in the flower stal&s can be used to get rid of warts* 5andelions will pop up anywhere under any conditions."pg (@<A. $here is an allelopathic reaction that will prevent significant dandelion problems. 3amb8uarter. crac&s in pavement. low organic matter and commonly a lac& of calcium. It is edible and 8uite delicious. low levels of organic matter. 3awns4 Mowing too low.henopodium album) 6n annual weed with dusty loo&ing silver leaves when young. 1reen to red-green flowers sans petals appear at the top of branches in Bune to 2ctober. . and melons where you find henbit growing. . dry conditions. 5andelion4 ($ara acum officianale) . +ull or hoe when less than G-H inches tall while it has a shallow root system. 3amb!s Luarters are edible and can be added to salads. (oil Indicator4 . 6nywhere there is little moisture and the soil has poor water retention. Cery tough to pull out. %ilted 5andelion (alad -enbit4 (3amium ample icaule) 6 biennial weed reproducing via seeds and rooting stems. 'looms 6pril to Bune. )se an organic fertili?er that supplies the soil with nutrients. reblooming in (eptember with pin& or purple flowers. (oil Indicator4 -eavy clay. . It is best to pic& the leaves while they are young and tender early in the spring and grow to si feet. Mow lawns at a height of . @/.rabgrass4 (5igitaria spp. tomatoes. s8uash. $he stems can have light green to reddish strea&s in them. It is an e cellent source of fiber. flowers and roots* $he leaves are delicious served raw in a salad or steamed and served with butter li&e spinach. are they really so badJ If you have an organic lawn you can eat the leaves. +lant corn.olic 6cid (a ' vitain) and protein. %e have learned to wor& with them* If you really can!t handle them4 5andelions do not li&e to grow in $urf-type $all . (oil Indicator4 7ich soil. 3awns4 high levels of salt.ields of the pretty yellow flowers in the lawn. -aving a core aeration will help get o ygen to the soil. Iit can be found in all <A states of the )nited (tates. fiber. ..) $hat annual invader that favors hot spots along streets. 9 #ote4 $hey are a good trap plant for aphids. 6lso favors tilled areas. especially on lawns. bytes)3amb!s Luarters4 (. compacted soil. %ill tolerate high acidity.

6 prostrate. I have pulled 8uac&grass out of my roc& garden and had the root mass lift up the embedded roc&s. $he succulent-loo&ing white rhi?omes they grow from are easily noticed. 3awns4 Mowing is too low. needs aeration. the flowers are in very sharp bracts. (oil Indicator4 7ich. +ull or hoe purslane to control it. +urslane has also been reported to be the richest plant source of the fatty acid 2mega D. 3awns4 5ry. Its seeds are yellow and grain shaped. hardpan. (ee 8uac& grass on the )gh (lugs page to find out how to use it as a slug repellant. moist. healthy soil. 'looms from May to (eptember. 5ig them out. 3awns4 #eed core aeration. (oil Indicator4 5ry. . sudangrass. $his is the one found in fish oils li&e salmon. acid soils. but favors compacted. (oil Indicator4 (adly it can be found in any soil. yi&es* $he leaves are narrow and feel rough on the upper surface. dry. organic fertili?er. Luac& 1rass4 6gropyron repens $his perennial grass is ne t to impossible to get rid of* 1rows "ust about anywhere with its fibrous root system. It grows to D feet tall. sorghum and wheat. (uppressor4 (agebrush. It does loo& cool in roc& gardens. wea& grass. and crusty surface. succulent plant with small yellow flowers that open in the morning on sunny days. 3awns4 May indicate an e cess of phosphorous and/or thin grass. spotted4 (Euphorbia maculata) 6n annual that reseeds it can grow from a foot and a half to three feet. It is useless to try pulling.+laintain4 (+lantago ma"or) 6 perennial weed having a basal rosette of F to G inch grass green leaves with noticeable parallel veins. 3i&e the hardpan that is created from repeated tilling. In planted areas hoe or pull spurge. (tems have a mil&y sap (potted spurge has a reddish cast at the base of its leaves which is where it gets its name. (ends up a nondescript flower stal&. Mowing is too low. $he seeds are pitted and have three sides It is prostate spurge that hugs the ground. barley. +urslane is a very common garden weed. 3ots of sunshine. 5efinitely edible and great in salads and stir-fries. sandy soils. (purge. . compacted or tilled.lea beetles feed on leafy spurge* +urslane4 (+ortulaca oleracea) +urslane is related to those pretty /moss rose/ plants. (oil Indicator4 7ich. (uppressor4 %heat. 'loom period is from Buly to (eptember. 3ac&ing in calcium and/or organic matter.