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Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf
Insaf Research Wing
Insaf Research Wing
Central Secretariat
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Street No. 84,
Sector G-6/4,
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Islamabad, Pakistan.
Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

IRW
Finding solutions for a better Pakistan

This unprecedented research was conducted in Islamabad by


PTI members and non-members

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Tel: 92-51-2270744
Fax: 92-51-2873893
irw@insaf.pk

Public Opinion
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on
Society, Politics, Governance
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&
Sovereignty
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December 27, 2013

Project Director: Atif Abbas


Committee: Surveying
Dossier # 004
Version # 003

Survey Report : In-depth Analysis

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Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Insaf Research Wing (IRW) is a part of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (movement for justice - a political party, PTI). IRW was created in 2009 to carry out research in order to find solutions for problems in
Pakistan. The foremost goal of IRW is to keep people of Pakistan and PTI informed and prepared.
The wing is composed of committees. Each committee addresses issues related to its field of expertise. The committees defined as of yet are (i) Economics & Finance (ii) Energy (iii) Science & Technology
(iv) Health (v) Education (vi) Environment (vii) Anti-Corruption (viii) Surveying (ix) Socio-Political (x) Foreign Affairs (xi) Strategic Thinking.
The research reports/papers are either commissioned by the central executive committee of PTI or committee members of IRW. PTI members can also suggest IRW to consider researching on a matter
they find important. IRW welcomes any contributions in the form of scholarly work addressing important issues. Nevertheless, after the author(s) sends the document it is peer reviewed before getting
published. In the process of peer review the document is technically analyzed and scrutinized. The procedure is necessary to maintain quality control. However, varying opinions & ideas are not
penalized.
Apart from working on research reports/papers which shed light on problems and provide basic solutions, IRW undertakes the task of preparing extensive policies for PTI. These detailed and in-depth
policy documents are a combination of input from several professionals who are well versed in the subject. IRW also serves as a check on the reigning governments policies.
The Wing does not follow a preset ideology while carrying out research. IRW does not endorse any opinion presented in a published report/paper as an official position. Likewise, several
research reports/papers on a similar subject published by IRW can have contradictory recommendations though it should be noted that these point of views are sole responsibility of the
author(s). Very rarely when there is a complete consensus on a certain research report/paper within IRW only then it is recommended to PTI for official perusal. Any published document
by the wing does not constitute it as an official position of PTI unless otherwise stated.
Insaf Research Wing works at a national level but its members are located throughout the world bringing in the much needed international experience. IRW practices an open membership policy valid for
all Pakistanis regardless of religion or race. Nevertheless, members of other nationalities from international organizations interested in helping Pakistan are always welcome to join IRW.
Published reports of IRW can be accessed at PTIs website www.insaf.pk. The headquarter of IRW is located at PTIs Central Secretariat, Street No. 84, Sector G-6/4, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Copyright 2013 by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf All rights reserved.

The contents of this research study cannot be reproduced without prior permission of IRW.

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DEDICATED TO THOSE
FIGHTING
FOR

JUSTICE

Committee on Surveying

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Table of Contents
THE TEAM .................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

RESEARCH IN POLITICS ............................................................................................................................................................ 6


SURVEY METHODOLOGY ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

SURVEY FINDINGS ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6

IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................................................. 8

DEMOGRAPHICS................................................................................................................................................................... 8

SOCIETY .............................................................................................................................................................................. 10

POLITICS ............................................................................................................................................................................. 52

GOVERNANCE .................................................................................................................................................................... 82

SOVEREIGNTY ................................................................................................................................................................... 106

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The Team
Concept (of) -- Theoretical Framework (of) -- Project Director:
Atif Abbas
Facilitators:
Ghulam Abbas and Shagufta Jabeen
Research Associates:
Gulfam Khan Khalid and Hasham ud din Qazi
Program Coordinator:
Sardar Azhar Tariq Khan
Data Collection Coordinators:
Chaudhry Tariq Aziz, Nafeesa Inayat Khattak, Umer Saqaf, Sohail Satti, Muhammad Banaris Chaudhary, Shahzad Asif, Sulaiman Malik, Hassan Bokhari and Farrukh Dall
Enumerators:
Javed Iqbal Mehsood, Saghir Khan, Muhammad Shahnawaz Khan Lodhi, Syed Javaid Bokhari, Farzana Shaheen Abbasi, Sobia Athar, Saba Afzal, Saima Danyal, Rubina Daud, Hajmeera BiBi, Samina
Ahmad, Hafeez Ullah Khan, Saira Faisal, Bakhtawar Malik, Uzma Haider, Zia Ullah, Tahir Khan Yousafzai, Niqqab Shah, Hamayun Khan, Tahir Arif, Mian Shakeel, Khalid Mehmood Awan, Shahzad
Manzoor, Usman Kiyani, Chaudhary Awais Aftab, Shahzad Alam, Saddiq Rehman, Nouman Khan, Naureen Ibrahim, Anjum Israr, Shahzad Arbi Satti, Ahsan ul Haq Satti, Ahmad Iqbal, Muhammad
Farooq, Zaffar Haider, Yasir Ali and Anayat Shinwari
Research Assistants:
Diya Rehman, Chaudhry Afzaal Akram, Zaheer Abbas and Shakaib Ahmed Maulai
Data Entry Coordinator:
Gulfam Khan Khalid
Team Members:
Syed Farrukh Mehmood, Omair Idress, Waseem Ahmed, Muhammad Kaleem Ullah, Ayesha Gull, Muhammad Ali Ishaque, Ranjhan Touqir, Umar Mumtaz, Qazi Syed Rafaqat, Arslan Zafar, Syed
Zain Abbas Bukhari, Muhammad Uzair, Sayyed Abdullah, Sulman Manzoor, Arbab Mehdi, Rehman Zaheer, Asim Shehzad, Sulaman Khan, Toseef Ahmad, Ali Shan, Rameez Fida and Umer Naeem
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Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty


The study portrays how citizens see our society and to what extent their philosophy is reflected in our politics and governance, which is interlinked
with sovereignty of their state.

Research in Politics
Insaf Research Wing (IRW) opened a new chapter by documenting public opinion: collected primary data by utilizing human capital of the party - engaged students in research in politics for the first time
in political history.
Theoretical framework is based on four indicators (society, politics, governance and sovereignty) to know perspective of a common man about our society and what he thinks about our politics and
governance as people from the society join politics - their politics is associated with governance of mechanism of the state hence, the sovereignty.
Survey Methodology
This unprecedented research was conducted in Islamabad, federal capital of Pakistan by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) members and non-members using convenience sampling. For data collection, technique
used was quantitative: survey; collection procedure was questionnaire method and observation tool used was questionnaire, which consisted of thirty-three substantive questions and five demographic questions in
Urdu.
Total 2,420 questionnaires were distributed among PTI members and non-members (the enumerators); collected 1,495 filled questionnaires and considered 897 questionnaires for analysis. Citizens aged
eighteen and above were interviewed; they were given the option to fill the questionnaire themselves. Fieldwork was conducted from September to December 2011 and January to December 2012.
Survey Findings
This version of the document presents in-depth analysis of response of citizens of Islamabad; figures are in percentages, rounded to the nearest whole number.
Three-in-ten (30%) consider our society selfish and the same number (30%) consider impatient / intolerant whereas only 5% consider generous. Majority thinks that people in our society, believe in money
and designation more than in hard work and honesty.
About being socially relaxed and secure in coming year, only 7% are positive whereas one-in-ten (10%) sees oneself economically stable. Four-in-ten (40%) think because of low income / poverty and more than
one-third (35%) think because of unemployment, people are compelled to commit suicide.

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Nine-in-ten (90%) oppose luxurious lifestyle of elected representatives; public servant is the view of head of Islamic welfare state of more than eight-in-ten (83%) whereas nearly nine-in-ten (92%) are
positive about expenses of government to be reduced.
About educating their child, majority (90%) (/ will) focus on moral and intellectual upbringing than traditional graduate studies; more than nine-in-ten (93%) support one-education system.
About six-in-ten (61%) record their protest when they see human rights being violated whereas justice is the major concern of more than half (55%); nearly six-in-ten (57%) think no rule of law is the
main cause of corruption in society.
View of politics of nearly half (46%) is, art and science of government; 37% of the respondents said, they do not vote. More than six-in-ten (64%) dont vote because of dishonesty in politics.
View of political parties of 32% is puppet show, of 27% is institutions and of 25% is one-man show.
When asked, do you vote more than six-in-ten (63%) answered in affirmative; in election_2013 eight-in-ten (80%) said they will vote.
About a quarter (26%) vote on basis of partys ideology and almost the same number (25%) vote on basis of partys social development programs.
Six-in-ten (60%) vote because of their own viewpoint; eight-in-ten (80%) will vote in election_2013 whereas nearly seven-in-ten (68%) said, if the party they support does not solve their problems - they
will vote a different party.
Sixty per cent said they will visit the office, if a political party invites for discussion.
More than one-third (36%) see their country heading towards segmentation and almost the same number (35%) towards poverty; majority ranked issue of corruption at number one and 38% think no
accountability is main cause of corruption in governance.
Only 7% think government often performs well and nearly nine-in-ten (91%) think, government representatives dont care what a common citizen thinks. View of politicians of about four-in-ten (41%) and
three-in-ten (30%) is opportunist and puppets of West respectively.
When asked about sovereignty of this Islamic state, 93% think sovereignty is being damaged; 51% think because of both political instability and involvement of West in policy-making whereas 39% think
only because of involvement of West in policy-making.
Those whose answer included involvement of West in policy-making were further asked about the issue according to 54%, sovereignty is being damaged because of both puppet government
representatives and drone attacks; 39% think only because of puppet government representatives.
Pakistan has been fighting Americas war (against terrorism) according to more than half (55%) of the respondents; 42% think purpose of the war is to destabilize Pakistan and 45% think, Wests interest
in the region.
Almost all the respondents (98%) are not in favor of foreign military bases and nearly the same number (97%) opposes presence of foreign military troops in Pakistan.

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Only 7% favor cooperation in foreign military operations (like that of NATO) and same percentage favors supervision of Western institutions (like IMF) in budget making.
Regarding drone attacks in tribal areas, 54% has the opinion that both militants and civilians are killed whereas 43% think only civilians are killed; nearly all (97%) are against the attacks.
When asked about dialogue with militants (in tribal regions), about three-quarters (76%) favor dialogue and almost the same number (77%) opposes Pakistan military operation in the region.
In-depth Analysis
Demographics

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Society

You consider our society:


Thirty per cent consider our society selfish and the same number consider impatient / intolerant whereas only 5% consider generous.
Majority of male respondents (31%) consider our society selfish and majority of female respondents (38%) consider impatient / intolerant.
Only 6% of male respondents and 2% of female respondents consider our society generous.
More rural respondents consider our society selfish and more urban respondents consider impatient /
intolerant.
Around 5% of respondents from both the regions (rural-urban) consider our society generous.
Age-wise response depicts, majority of respondents (+30%) aged 18 to 35 years and +60 years
consider our society selfish almost same percentage (29%) of respondents aged 18-25 years and +60
years consider impatient / intolerant.
Majority of respondents aged 36 to 60 years consider our society impatient / intolerant.
Only eight per cent of respondents aged +60 years consider our society generous, which is
highest percentage across all (seven) age-brackets.
Education-based response portrays, majority (+40%) across all groups consider our society selfish
except graduate & above respondents, most of them (33%) consider impatient / intolerant.
Status-based response shows, majority of unemployed and retired respondents consider our society selfish and majority of employed businessmen and housewives consider impatient /
intolerant.
Almost same percentage of students consider our society selfish (28%) and impatient / intolerant (29%).

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In our society, people believe in:


Majority is of the opinion, people in our society believe in money and designation more than in hard work and honesty.
Gender-based response depicts, majority of male and female respondents ranked the factors (honesty, hard work, designation, money and fraud) in this order, money designation fraud hard
work and then honesty : which is similar to overall response.
Region-based response is (also) similar to overall response.
Age-wise response illustrates, opinion of majority of respondents aged 18 to 40 years is similar to
overall response they all ranked the factors hard work and honesty at fourth and fifth place,
respectively.
Majority of respondents aged 41 to +60 years ranked the factor hard work at third place.
Only respondents aged 41-50 years ranked the factor honesty at fourth place all others
ranked (honesty) at last place.
Respondents across all age-brackets ranked money at first and designation at second place :
factors on which they think people believe in, the most.
Education-based response portrays, view of majority of matric/intermediate and graduate & above
respondents is similar to overall response.
Majority of illiterate respondents ranked money at first place and honesty at last whereas majority of under matric respondents ranked the factor designation at first place.
Status-based response shows, view of majority of respondents across all segments is similar to overall response except retired respondents.
Majority of retired respondents think, people in our society believe in hard work more than fraud they ranked the factor hard work at third place whereas others ranked the factor
fraud prior to hard work.
Respondents across all demographic segments think, people in our society least believe in honesty and most in money.

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In our society, main cause of corruption:


Fifty-seven per cent of the respondents think no rule of law is the main cause of corruption in society.
Response on basis of gender tells, majority of male (61%) and female (46%) respondents think no rule
of law is the main cause of corruption in society 20% of female respondents think lack of moral
values is the main cause.
Majority of rural (60%) and urban (56%) respondents think no rule of law is the main cause of
corruption in society.
Nineteen per cent respondents of rural and 16% of urban area think greed is the main cause.
Age-wise response portrays, majority of respondents (+50%) across all age-brackets think no rule of
law is the main cause of corruption.
Greed is the main cause what (around 20% of) respondents aged 18 to 30 years think.
Low income and greed are the main causes what (around 14% of) respondents aged 31 to
50 years think.
Lack of moral values is the main cause, what (+/-20%) respondents aged 51 to +60 years
think.
Response on basis of educational attainment shows, majority of respondents across all groups think no
rule of law is the main cause of corruption in society.
Greed is the main cause what second highest majority of illiterate under matric
matric/intermediate respondents think.
Whereas lack of moral values is the main cause what 17% of graduate & above respondents
think.

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Status-based response depicts, majority of respondents across all segments think no rule of law is the
main cause of corruption in society.
Majority of unemployed respondents think greed (34%) and no rule of law (34%) are the
main causes.
Twenty-six per cent of retired respondents think lack of moral values is the main cause.
Twenty per cent of housewives think greed is the main cause of corruption in society.

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In our society, why people are compelled to commit suicide?


Forty per cent think because of low income / poverty and 35% think because of unemployment, people are compelled to commit suicide.
Majority of male and female respondents think low income / poverty compels people and around 35% of them consider unemployment a prominent factor.
Majority of rural and urban respondents think unemployment compels people to commit suicide.
Age-wise response illustrates, majority of respondents across all age-brackets think low income / poverty
compels except majority of respondents aged 18-25 years, who think unemployment compels people to
commit suicide.
Education-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all the groups think unemployment
compels people except graduate and above, who think low income / poverty compels people.
Majority of students think because of unemployment, people are compelled whereas majority of
respondents across other segments think because of low income / poverty people are compelled to
commit suicide.

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What is your major concern?


Major concern of fifty-five per cent of the respondents is justice.
Gender-based response tells major concern of majority of male and female respondents is justice.
Whereas major concern of 19% of female and 14% of male respondents is education.
Almost same percentage (+25%) of both is concerned about bread & butter.
More rural respondents (39%) are concerned about bread & butter than urban respondents (23%)
whereas more urban respondents (17%) are concerned about education than rural respondents (11%).
Majority from both the regions is concerned about justice.
Age-wise response shows, justice is the major concern of majority of the respondents across all agebrackets especially those aged 41 to +60 years.
Major concern of 37% of respondents aged 26-30 years is bread & butter, which is highest
percentage among respondents of all other age-brackets.
Major concern of around 20% of respondents aged 18-25 years and 36-40 years is
education, which is highest percentage among respondents of all other age-brackets.
Very low percentage of respondents major concern is health facility.
Education-based response depicts, major concern of significant percentage of illiterate and under matric respondents is bread & butter whereas in case of matric/intermediate and graduate &
above respondents, justice is the major concern of the majority.
Status-based response illustrates, bread & butter is major concern of majority of unemployed respondents whereas justice is the major concern of majority of respondents across other
segments.

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You (/ will) focus on your childs education on:


About childs education, majority (90%) (/ will) focus on moral and intellectual upbringing than traditional graduate studies.
Focus of majority of male and female respondents is / will be on moral and intellectual upbringing of their offspring.
Fourteen per cent of rural and 10% of urban respondents focus is / will be on traditional graduate
studies.
Age-wise response shows, majority of respondents across all age-brackets (/ will) focus on moral and
intellectual upbringing.
Eighteen per cent of respondents aged 51-60 years and 37% of respondents aged +60 years
(/ will) focus on traditional graduate studies.
Education-based response depicts 31% of illiterate respondents (/ will) focus on traditional graduate
studies otherwise, majority of respondents across all groups (/ will) focus on moral and intellectual
upbringing.
Status-based response portrays 38% of retired respondents (/ will) focus on traditional graduate studies
otherwise, majority of respondents across all segments (/ will) focus on moral and intellectual upbringing.

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Your view of head of Islamic welfare state:


View of head of Islamic welfare state of 83% of the respondents is public servant.
Same is the view of majority of respondents across all demographic segments.

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You favor / oppose:


a.) One-education system for all.
One-education system is supported by 93% of the respondents.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments are in favor of one-system of education.

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You favor / oppose:


b.) Reduction in government expenses.
Ninety-two per cent of the respondents are positive about expenses of government to be reduced.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments are in favor of reduction of government expenses.

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You favor / oppose:


c.) Luxurious lifestyle of elected representatives.
Ninety per cent of the respondents oppose luxurious lifestyle of elected representatives.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments oppose luxurious lifestyle of elected representatives.

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In coming year, you see yourself:


a.) More secure.
Only 7% of the respondents are positive about being more secure in coming year.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments do not see themselves more secure (in coming year).

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In coming year, you see yourself:


b.) Economically stable.
Only 10% of the respondents see themselves economically stable in coming year.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments do not see themselves economically stable.
Ninety-one per cent of unemployed respondents do not see economic stability.
Only 12% of graduate and above respondents see themselves (economically) stable.
Only 23% of the respondents aged +60 years and 19% of retired respondents are confident about being economically stable (in coming year).

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In coming year, you see yourself:


c.) Socially relaxed.
In coming year, only 7% of the respondents see themselves socially relaxed.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments do not see themselves socially relaxed (in coming year).

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When you see violation of human rights, do you record your protest?
Sixty-one per cent of the respondents record their protest when they see human rights being violated 9% offered no response.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments record their protest.
Forty-one per cent of female respondents, 37% of housewives and 32% of urban respondents do not record their protest when they see violation of human rights.

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Politics

Do you vote?
Thirty seven per cent of the respondents said, they do not vote.
Gender-based response shows, 32% of male and 48% of female respondents do not vote.
Region-based response tells, 23% of rural and 40% of urban respondents do not vote.
Age-wise response illustrates, majority of respondents across all age-brackets vote whereas 45% of respondents aged 18-25 years do not vote.
Response on basis of educational attainment portrays, majority of respondents across all groups vote 40% of graduate & above respondents do not vote.
Status-based response depicts, majority of respondents across all segments vote whereas 47% of students and 37% of housewives do not vote.

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If Yes, you vote because of:


Sixty per cent of the respondents vote because of their own viewpoint and 21% vote because of chance of partys success.
On basis of gender, response of male respondents shows majority (57%) vote because of their own viewpoint whereas 22% vote because of chance of partys success.
In case of female respondents, majority (67%) vote because of their own viewpoint and 18%
because of chance of partys success.
Region-based response depicts, majority of rural (54%) and urban respondents (61%) vote because of
their own viewpoint.
Around +20% of respondents from both the regions vote because of chance of partys
success.
Age-wise response illustrates, majority of respondents across all age-brackets vote because of their
own viewpoint.
Thirty-eight per cent of respondents aged +60 years vote because of chance of partys
success.
Response on basis of educational attainment shows, majority of respondents across all groups vote
because of their own viewpoint.
Twenty-seven per cent of illiterate respondents vote because of community.
Status-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all segments vote because of their own viewpoint.
Forty-three per cent of retired respondents vote because of chance of parties success.
Whereas 25% of unemployed and 13% of housewives vote because of community.

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You vote a political party on basis of its:


Twenty-six per cent of the respondents vote on basis of partys ideology and almost the same percentage (25%)
vote on basis of partys social development programs.
On basis of gender, response of male respondents shows majority (28%) vote on basis of partys
ideology whereas 22% on basis of social development programs and (other) 22% on basis of
candidates character.
In case of female respondents, majority (35%) vote on basis of partys social development
programs and 21% on basis of candidates character.
Region-based response depicts, majority of rural respondents (37%) vote on basis of partys social
development programs.
Whereas majority of urban respondents (27%) vote on basis of partys ideology 23% vote
on basis of candidates character.
Age-wise response illustrates, majority of respondents aged 18-25 years vote on basis of partys
ideology (29%) and social development programs (29%).
Majority of respondents (29%) aged 26-30 years vote on basis of candidates character.
Majority of respondents (30%) aged 31-35 years vote on basis of partys social development
programs.
Majority of respondents (27%) aged 36-40 years vote on basis of candidates character.
Majority of respondents (27%) aged 41-50 years vote on basis of partys ideology and 23%
vote on basis of candidates character.
Majority of respondents aged 51-60 years vote on basis of partys ideology (26%) and social

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development programs (26%).


And majority of respondents aged +60 years vote on basis of leadership (26%) and
candidates character (26%).
Response on basis of educational attainment portrays, majority of illiterate respondents (53%) vote on
basis of social development programs of the party.
Majority of under matric respondents (31%) vote on basis of candidates character.
Majority of matric/intermediate respondents (34%) vote on basis of partys social
development programs.
And majority of graduate & above respondents (29%) vote on basis of partys ideology.
Status-based response indicates, majority of students (32%) vote on basis of partys ideology.
Majority of unemployed (39%) vote on basis of partys social development programs.

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Majority of employed (26%) vote on basis of social


development programs of the party and 23% vote on basis
of candidates character.
Majority of businessmen (24%) vote on basis of partys
ideology and 22% vote on basis of social development
programs.
Majority of retired respondents (33%) vote on basis of
candidates character.
And majority of housewives (33%) vote on basis of social
development programs of the party.

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If the party you support does not solve public problems, in next election you will vote:
Sixty-eight per cent of the respondents said, if the party they support does not solve their problems - they will vote a different party.
Majority of male (69%) and female respondents (64%) said, they will vote a different party.
Whereas 32% of female respondents said, they will not vote.
Majority of rural (75%) and urban respondents (66%) said, they will vote a different party.
Whereas 28% of urban respondents said, they will not vote.
Age-wise response depicts, majority of respondents across all age-brackets said, they will vote a
different party.
Thirty-eight per cent of the respondents aged 41-50 years said, they will not vote.
Education-based response tells, majority of respondents across all groups said, they will vote a different
party.
Whereas around 30% of illiterate and graduate & above respondents said, they will not vote.
Status-based response illustrates, majority of respondents across all segments said, they will vote a
different party.
Whereas around 29% of students - businessmen - housewives and 36% of unemployed respondents said, they will not vote if the party they support does not solve (their) problems.

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You do not vote, because:


Thirty seven per cent of the respondents said, they do not vote; 64% dont vote because of dishonesty in politics.
Majority of male and female respondents (+60%) do not vote because of dishonesty in politics.
Whereas 24% of male respondents said, its in vain and 17% of female respondents said, I am
apolitical.
Majority of rural and urban respondents do not vote because of dishonesty in politics.
Whereas 25% of urban respondents said, its in vain (to vote).
Age-wise response shows, majority of respondents across all age-brackets do not vote because of
dishonesty in politics.
Twenty-six per cent of respondents aged 18-25 years said, its in vain (to vote).
Education-based response depicts, majority of respondents across all (educational) groups do not vote
because of dishonesty in politics.
Thirty-one per cent of under matric respondents said, its in vain.
[For this question] the percentage of illiterate respondents is too small to report the result.
Status-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all segments do not vote because of dishonesty in politics except unemployed respondents.
Majority of unemployed respondents (72%) do not vote because its in vain (to vote).
Whereas 27% of students and housewives do not vote for the same reason.

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Your view of politics:


View of forty-six per cent of the respondents is art and science of government.
Gender-based response illustrates, majority of male respondents (48%) view of politics is art and science of government.
View of majority of female respondents is art and science of government (40%) and dirty
game (40%).
Response on basis of region depicts, 47% of urban respondents view of politics is art and science of
government.
In case of rural respondents, view of politics of 40% is art and science of government and of
(other) 40% is dirty game.
Age-wise response shows, view of less than fifty per cent of the respondents aged 18 to 35 years is
art and science of government.
Whereas view of more than fifty per cent of the respondents aged 36 to +60 years is art and
science of government.
Education-based response depicts, 48% of graduate & above respondents view is art and science of
government.
Whereas dirty game is the view of +40% of respondents having qualification intermediate and less.
Status-based response tells, majority of respondents across all segments have view art and science of government except unemployed respondents.
View of 62% of unemployed respondents is dirty game - same is the view of 42% of housewives.
Twenty-five per cent of students have no view (of politics).

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Your view of political parties:


View of political parties of 32% of the respondents is puppet show, of 27% is institutions, of 25% is one-man show and 11% have no view.
Response on gender basis shows, view of majority of female respondents (36%) is puppet show whereas view of 30% of male respondents is institutions and of (other) 30% is puppet show.
Majority of rural and urban respondents (+30%) view of political parties is puppet show whereas
28% of urban respondents view is institutions.
Age-wise response portrays, view of majority of respondents aged 18 to 30 years is puppet show.
View of 35% of respondents aged 31-35 years is institutions and of 33% is puppet show.
View of majority of respondents (45%) aged 36-40 years is one-man show.
View of majority of respondents aged 41 to +60 years is institutions.
Response on basis of educational attainment reveals, view of majority of respondents across all
(educational) groups is puppet show except under matric respondents.
View of 32% of under matric respondents is institutions and of 28% is puppet show.
Status-based response shows, view of majority of students (33%) and unemployed (33%) is puppet
show.
View of majority of businessmen (43%) and retired respondents (58%) is institutions.
View of 31% of employed respondents is institutions and of 30% is puppet show.
Whereas view of majority of housewives (37%) is one-man show.

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Your view of politicians:


View of 41% and 30% of the respondents is opportunist and puppets of West respectively.
Majority of male (37%) and female respondents (53%) view of politicians is opportunist.
View of 33% of male respondents is puppets of West.
Majority of rural (44%) and urban respondents (41%) view of politicians is opportunist.
View of 31% of urban respondents is puppets of West.
Age-wise response depicts, view of majority of respondents aged 18 to 50 years is opportunist.
View of majority of respondents aged 51 to +60 years is honest and of 32% is opportunist.
View of 37% of respondents aged 18-25 years is puppets of West.
Education-based response shows, view of majority of respondents across all groups is opportunist.
View of 31% of graduate & above respondents is puppets of West.
Status-based response tells, view of majority of students - employed and housewives is opportunist.
View of 41% of unemployed and of 33% of businessmen is opportunist.
View of 43% of unemployed and of 38% of students is puppets of West.
View of majority of businessmen and retired respondents is honest.

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If a political party invites you to its office (for discussion), will you visit?
Sixty per cent of the respondents said they will visit the office if they are invited for discussion.
Majority of male respondents (66%) said, they will visit the office 46% of female respondents said, they will not visit.
Majority of rural (64%) and urban respondents (59%) said, they will visit the office 32% of urban respondents said, they will not visit.
Age-wise response shows, majority of respondents across all age-brackets will visit the office whereas +/-30% respondents (across all age-brackets) said, they will not.
Education-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all segments will visit the office 33% of graduate & above respondents will not visit.
Status-based response tells, majority of respondents across all segments will visit the office except housewives (57%).
Forty per cent of employed respondents will not visit office of a political party if they are invited (for discussion).

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Will you vote in next election (2013)?


Sixty-three per cent of the respondents vote; in election_2013, 80% of the respondents said they will vote.
Majority of male respondents (68%) vote and 82% will vote in election_2013.
Forty-eight per cent of female respondents do not vote; in election_2013, 74% of them will
vote.
Majority of rural respondents (77%) vote and most of them will vote in election_2013.
Forty per cent of urban respondents do not vote; in election_2013, 79% of urban respondents
will vote.
Age-wise response shows, majority of respondents across all age-brackets vote most of them will vote
in election_2013.
Forty-five per cent of respondents aged 18-25 years do not vote; in election_2013, 78% of
them will vote.
Education-based response depicts, majority of respondents across all groups vote most of them will
vote in election_2013.
Forty per cent of graduate & above respondents do not vote; in election_2013, 78% of them
will vote.
Status-based response illustrates, majority of respondents across all segments vote most of them will vote in election_2013.
Forty-seven per cent of students and 37% of housewives do not vote; in election_2013, 75% of students and 74% of housewives will vote.

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Governance

In your opinion, government representatives care / dont care what common citizen thinks?
Ninety-one per cent of the respondents have the opinion, government representatives dont care what a common citizen thinks.
Opinion of majority of respondents across all demographic segments is that government representatives dont care.

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What do you think?


Only 7% of the respondents think government often performs well.
Majority of respondents across all demographic segments think government often does not perform well.

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Where do you see Pakistan heading?


Thirty-six per cent of respondents see their country heading towards segmentation, 35% towards poverty and only 13% towards prosperity.
Majority of male respondents (38%) see their country heading towards segmentation and majority of female respondents (45%) towards poverty.
Region-based response portrays, majority of rural respondents (45%) see their country heading
towards segmentation.
Majority of urban respondents (36%) see poverty almost the same percentage (34%) see
Pakistan heading towards segmentation.
Age-wise response shows, majority of respondents aged 18-25 years, 31-35 years and 41-50 years
see their country heading towards segmentation.
Majority of respondents aged 26-30 years, 36-40 years and 51-60 years see their state
heading towards poverty.
In case of respondents aged +60 years, 28% see poverty and same percentage of
respondents see segmentation of Pakistan.
Response on basis of educational attainment illustrates, majority of illiterate and matric/intermediate
respondents see poverty; majority of under matric and graduate & above see segmentation.
Status-based response tells, majority of students (37%) see segmentation and 35% see poverty.
Majority of unemployed (57%) see segmentation.
Majority of employed (37%) and housewives (45%) see poverty.
Majority of businessmen see poverty (37%) and segmentation (37%).
Whereas majority of retired respondents (31%) see segmentation and 27% see evolution of a new-different Pakistan.

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How you rank (following) issues in Pakistan?


Justice is the major concern of 55% of the respondents whereas majority ranked injustice second, corruption
first unemployment third and drone attacks sixth.
Gender-based response depicts, majority of male and female respondents ranked corruption first.
Male respondents ranked injustice second and female respondents ranked inflation second;
both ranked unemployment third and missing persons seventh.
Region-based response illustrates, majority of rural and urban respondents ranked corruption first.
Rural respondents ranked unemployment second urban respondents ranked injustice
second.
Rural respondents ranked power-energy third whereas urban respondents ranked unemployment third; respondents of both the regions ranked missing persons seventh.
Age-wise response depicts, majority of respondents across all age-brackets ranked corruption first except respondents aged +60 years - most of them ranked injustice first.
Respondents aged 18 to 40 years and 51-60 years ranked injustice second.
Respondents aged 41-50 years ranked unemployment second and respondents aged +60 years ranked corruption second.
Education-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all groups ranked corruption first except illiterate respondents - most of them ranked power-energy and corruption first.
Illiterate respondents ranked unemployment second under matric ranked inflation second whereas matric/intermediate and graduate & above respondents ranked injustice
second.
Status-based response illustrates, majority of respondents across all segments ranked corruption first except retired respondents - most of them ranked injustice first.
Majority of students - employed and businessmen ranked injustice second unemployed ranked power-energy second retired respondents ranked corruption second whereas
housewives ranked unemployment second.
Among all the respondents, only retired respondents and those aged +60 years ranked issue of missing persons sixth all others ranked it seventh.
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In your opinion, main cause of corruption in governance:


Thirty-eight per cent of the respondents think no accountability and 30% think power monopolization is the main cause of corruption in governance.
Majority of male (40%) and female respondents (35%) think no accountability is the main cause 31% of female respondents think power monopolization is the main cause of corruption.
Majority of rural respondents (42%) think power monopolization and majority of urban respondents
(39%) think no accountability is the main cause of corruption.
Age-wise response shows, majority of respondents across all age-brackets think no accountability is
the main cause.
Second highest percentage of respondents think power monopolization is the main cause except respondents aged 51-60 years, most of them (30%) think lack of moral values is the
main cause.
Education-based response tells, majority of respondents across all groups think power monopolization
is the main cause except graduate & above, most of them (43%) think no accountability is the main
cause.
Status-based response illustrates, majority of respondents across all segments think no accountability is
the main cause except unemployed, most of them (42%) think power monopolization is the main
cause of corruption in governance.

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You favor / oppose:


a.) Pakistan military operation in tribal areas.
Seventy-seven per cent of the respondents oppose Pakistan military operation in tribal areas.
Majority of the respondents across all demographic segments oppose military operation.

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You favor / oppose:


b.) Dialogue with militants in tribal areas.
Seventy-six per cent of the respondents favor dialogue with militants in tribal areas.
Majority of the respondents across all demographic segments favor dialogue.

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You favor / oppose:


c.) Supervision of West in budget making (IMF).
Only 7% favor supervision of Western institutions in budget making.
Majority of the respondents across all demographic segments oppose supervision in budget making.

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Sovereignty

Do you think sovereignty of this Islamic state is being damaged?


Majority of the respondents think sovereignty of the state is being damaged.

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If Yes (sovereignty is being damaged, its), because of:


Fifty-one per cent of the respondents think sovereignty is being damaged because of both political instability and involvement of West in policy-making 39% think only because of involvement of West
in policy-making; 10% think because of political instability.
Gender-based response shows, majority of male (47%) and female (59%) respondents think because of
both political instability and involvement of West in policy-making.
Forty-two per cent of male and 30% of female respondents think only because of involvement
of West in policy-making.
Region-based response depicts, majority of rural (45%) respondents think (only) because of
involvement of West in policy-making.
Almost the same percentage (43%) of rural respondents think because of both political
instability and involvement of West in policy-making.
Majority of urban (53%) respondents think because of both political instability and
involvement of West in policy-making; 37% of them think (only) because of involvement of
West in policy-making.
Age-wise response tells, majority of respondents across all age-brackets think sovereignty is being
damaged because of both political instability and involvement of West in policy-making; significant
percentage of respondents think (only) because of involvement of West in policy-making.
Education-based response illustrates, majority of illiterate respondents (50%) think because of involvement of West in policy-making and majority of graduate & above respondents (52%) think
because of both political instability and involvement of West in policy-making.
Whereas in case of under matric and matric/intermediate respondents, (around) 45% of respondents think sovereignty is being damaged because of both political instability and
involvement of West in policy-making and almost the same percentage think (only) because of involvement of West in policy-making.
Status-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all segments think because of both political instability and involvement of West in policy-making; significant percentage of
respondents think sovereignty is being damaged (only) because of involvement of West in policy-making.
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* Those whose answer included Involvement of West in policy-making were asked.


sovereignty is being damaged because of:
The respondents whose answer included involvement of West in policy-making were further inquired about the subject according to 54%, sovereignty is being damaged because of both puppet
government representatives and drone attacks 39% think only because of puppet government representatives whereas 7% think because of drone attacks.
Gender-based response shows, majority of male (55%) and female (51%) respondents think because of
both puppet government representatives and drone attacks; significant percentage of both the
genders think because of puppet government representatives.
Region-based response shows, majority of rural (52%) and urban (54%) respondents think because of
both puppet government representatives and drone attacks; significant percentage of respondents of
both the regions think because of puppet government representatives.
Age-wise response tells, majority of respondents across all age-brackets think because of both puppet
government representatives and drone attacks except respondents aged 36 to 50 years, most of
them think because of puppet government representatives.
Education-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all groups think because of both
puppet government representatives and drone attacks except illiterate respondents, most of them
think because of puppet government representatives.
Status-based response depicts, majority of respondents across all segments think because of both
puppet government representatives and drone attacks except retired respondents, most of them
think because of puppet government representatives sovereignty is being damaged.

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Pakistan has been fighting Americas war (against terrorism):


According to fifty-five per cent of the respondents, Pakistan has been fighting Americas war (against terrorism) nine per cent of the respondents do not know.
Gender-based response shows, majority of male (57%) and female (52%) respondents agree that Pakistan has been fighting Americas war.
Twelve per cent of female respondents do not know.
Region-based response tells, majority of rural (62%) and urban (54%) respondents agree 10% of urban
respondents do not know.
Age-wise response depicts, majority of respondents across all age-brackets agree with the statement.
Thirty-eight per cent of respondents aged 18-25 years and 41% of respondents aged 31-35
years and 41-50 years do not agree.
Education-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all groups agree except illiterate
respondents.
Status-based response illustrates, majority of respondents across all segments agree.
Around 40% of students - unemployed and businessmen disagree that Pakistan has been
fighting Americas war (against terrorism).

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In your opinion, purpose of this war:


Forty-five per cent of the respondents think purpose of the war is Wests interest in the region and 42% think, to destabilize Pakistan and only 4% think, to defeat militants.
Gender-based response tells, majority of male (46%) respondents think, Wests interest whereas 41% think to destabilize Pakistan.
Forty-four per cent of female respondents think to destabilize Pakistan and the same
percentage thinks Wests interest.
Region-based response shows, majority of rural respondents think, to destabilize Pakistan (46%) and
Wests interest (46%).
Majority of urban (45%) respondents think Wests interest and 41% think to destabilize
Pakistan.
Age-wise response depicts, majority of respondents aged 18 to 40 years and +60 years think, Wests
interest in the region.
Whereas majority of respondents aged 41 to 60 years and 43% of the respondents aged 1825 years think, to destabilize Pakistan.
Education-based response portrays, majority of respondents across all groups think Wests interest
except illiterate respondents most of them think purpose of the war is to destabilize Pakistan.
Status-based response shows, majority of respondents across all segments think Wests interest (in the region) whereas majority of unemployed (51%) and 43% of students think to destabilize
Pakistan.

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In your opinion, drone attacks in tribal areas kill:


Fifty-four per cent of the respondents think, both militants and civilians are killed whereas 43% think only civilians are killed.
Gender-based response shows, majority of male and female respondents think both militants and civilians are killed.
Forty-six per cent of male respondents think only civilians are killed.
Region-based response tells, majority of rural and urban respondents think both militants and civilians
are killed.
Forty-four per cent of urban respondents think only civilians are killed.
Age-wise response portrays, majority of respondents across all age-brackets think both militants and
civilians are killed except respondents aged 18-25 years.
Majority of respondents aged 18-25 years think civilians are killed 46% of them think both
militants and civilians are killed.
Education-based response illustrates, majority of respondents across all groups think both militants and
civilians are killed; +40% of respondents (across all groups) think only civilians are killed.
Status-based response depicts, majority of respondents across all segments think both militants and
civilians are killed except students.
Forty-eight per cent of students think, both militants and civilians are killed and (other) 48% think only civilians are killed.

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You favor / oppose:


a.) Presence of foreign military troops in Pakistan.
Majority of the respondents oppose presence of foreign military troops in Pakistan.

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You favor / oppose:


b.) Cooperation in foreign military operations (U.S., NATO).
Only 7% of the respondents favor cooperation in foreign military operations (like that of NATO).

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You favor / oppose:


c.) Drone attacks.
Nearly all the respondents (97%) oppose drone attacks.

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You favor / oppose:


d.) Foreign military bases in Pakistan (U.S.).
Almost all the respondents (98%) oppose foreign military bases in Pakistan.

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Public Opinion on Society, Politics, Governance & Sovereignty

In future, would you be willing to participate in our surveys?


Fourteen per cent of the respondents are not willing to participate in surveys of Insaf Research Wing.

Insaf Research Wing

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