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Issue 8
Winter 2008

aware of the consequences of our actions and the purchases we make." It is estimated that another third of our footprint is dependent on government and business decisions. Many local authorities are now using their Ecological Footprint to determine their local development goals. We hope that this report will direct Salisbury District as it develops its Climate Change Policy and Local Development Framework, leading to truly sustainable communities, not just for the city of Salisbury, but for the whole of South Wiltshire. We cannot afford to be complacent about our city's relatively small ecological footprint; we are living way beyond our means. It is down to us all individually to take action and we challenge our Council to raise their sights and take the necessary decisions that will move Salisbury into first place with a drastically reduced footprint. We only have one Earth and that must be shared equitably by all its inhabitants.

Newsletter for Sustainable Development in South Wiltshire

Living beyond our means

If everyone in the world generated carbon emissions and consumed natural resources at the rate that we do in the UK we would need 3 planets to support us.
A recent report commissioned by the World Wildlife Fund-UK and carried out by Carbon Plan, looked at the impact of the individual consumption of city dwellers and ranked 60 cities in Britain by the average Ecological Footprint of their residents. The Ecological Footprint measures use of natural resources. The earth has a limited supply of resources and a limited capacity to absorb waste and pollution; if resources are used beyond this amount then we are eating into the environmental 'capital' of the Earth. We cannot go on living beyond our means. The study looked at the lifestyle of the average citizen living in each city including housing, transport, food, consumer items, private and public services, and capital investment. More than half the world's population live in cities, which take up 2% of the earth's surface but consume 75% of resources and produce 75% of all waste. The authors of the report believe that "the battle for the planet will be won or lost in its cities." Salisbury did comparatively well with the 3rd lowest footprint of the 60 cities in the study. 2.79 planets is considerably better than Winchester's 3.62. This is partly accounted for by the lower per capita income in Salisbury so that we spend less on consumer items. The transport footprint is also considerably lower than Winchester's, more people walk and cycle in Salisbury and this has been partly attributed to the work of environmental groups like the Cycling Opportunities Group, COGS. However Salisbury should not be complacent, we don't have 2.79 planet earths to support us. Through our own choices we can reduce our personal footprint by as much as a third. There is a direct link between over- consumption at home and species loss across the world, for example our consumption of palm oil is destroying forest habitats in Indonesia. Also there is an indirect link through the increasing impact of climate change. As this report says "We must become active citizens and conscious consumers,

Full report: 'Ecological Footprint of British City Residents'.

South Wiltshire Agenda 21 Forum TRANSITION TOWNS- ADDRESSING CLIMATE CHANGE AND PEAK OIL Speaker: Ben Brangwyn, Transition Network Thursday 10th April, City Hall, 6.30 pm

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Harnham Schools take a step in the right direction
most important key to progress has been the existence of a very active School Travel Group made up of the head teachers, parent-governors and a member of the local community. A questionnaire was used to find out how children got to school and what dangers they faced on the way in order to improve safety on the journey to school. A joint Travel Plan was adopted in 2004 and since then the number of children walking to the Infant School has risen from 38% to 49%.

Walking to school in Harnham - the new traffic control scheme and crossing point, Saxon Road. All schools in Wiltshire will need to produce a School Travel Plan by 2010 with the aim of reducing the number of journeys to school by car and increasing walking and cycling. Each year schools can enter the County Council's 'Taking Action on School Journeys Challenge' and apply for funding to put into action their ambitions to achieve a safer journey to school. Harnham has Junior and Infant Schools and the Community Playgroup on one site with 530 children, approximately 25% coming from outside the catchment area. The location at the end of two cul-de-sacs has caused an on-going problem of safety, traffic congestion and pollution at the school gates. The first major achievement was to get a pelican crossing installed on the busy Harnham Road in 2002. Since then the
A pack was produced and illustrated by the children to keep everyone informed of the aims and objectives of the Travel Plan. The problem of children travelling too far to walk was addressed by the concept of 'Park & Stride'. Parents park at designated

Raising awareness. Display outside school with Park & Stride balloons.
The Travel Plan has been selected for inclusion in the Wiltshire Wildlife Trust's 'Sustainable Schools' guide as an example of best practice having made a real difference to the well-being of pupils as well as the local environment. The challenge for all Travel Plans is to keep the momentum going, to continue to set targets and monitor progress. A school population is not static and it is vital to maintain an enthusiastic team to take over when others move on.

sites and then accompany their children on a healthy 5 -minute walk to school. Bids for funding have been submitted each year to install on and off-site improvements and 2007 has seen significant progress in Harnham. One of the roads up to the school gates has been closed except to permit holders. This is now a quiet, safe road to walk and cycle to school. Dropped kerbs have been put in on walking routes with new crossing points and SLOW signs. A slope has replaced steps to help parents with buggies. Cycle stands have been installed and cycling proficiency training is now up and running.

It was in October 2002 that the first passengers donned their special reflective tabards and walked to school. Since then the bus has gone from strength to strength and now 22 passengers regularly use the bus. The walking bus was born of an initiative of the school Travelwise group that is supported by Wiltshire County Council. The children walk to school along an approved route led by trained volunteers. They pick up children at various "bus stops" along the way. Some children who live further away from the school also drive to the first stop so that they too can be part of the walking bus. The bus runs every Monday and Tuesday morning, rain or shine and everyone wears a reflective tabard. Along the way children chat to their friends, learn valuable road safety skills and gain some independence. Pupils and parents of Morgans Vale and Woodfalls CEVA Primary School recently celebrated the fifth birthday of their walking bus. There was a special walking bus to school, with children wearing birthday badges that they had made, a celebratory party with a special cake and a visit by PC Matt Holland from Wiltshire Police. "The children love walking together and arrive at school brighter and more alert" said Headteacher Graham Nagel-Smith. "Apart from the obvious health benefits it also helps reduce car use and congestion outside the school."

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Low Energy Light Bulbs
a variety of shapes and sizes including the typical compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), mini candle-shaped bulbs, Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) which can replace halogens, and now even dimmable low energy bulbs, so you can choose one that works well with your lampshade or light fitting.

Where is it best to fit energy saving bulbs? With this year's announcement from the government on the phasing out of the old style traditional light bulbs by 2011, discussion about the benefits of converting to low energy lighting is high on the agenda. Did you know?
Switching an ordinary 100W light bulb for an energy saving one could save you up to £7 a year on your electricity bills and it will last up to 12 times longer than an ordinary light bulb. Where do you have the lights on most often and for longest? These are the best ones to replace because they will save you the most money. Also if you have outside security lighting, which is left on for several hours each night, an energy saving bulb will work out to be a lot more cost effective. Better still, however, to replace them all!

A few misunderstandings about low energy lights:
'Frequent switching reduces the life of low energy bulbs'- ESR bulbs require over 3,000 switching cycles per 8,000 hours of tested life; far more than normal domestic use. 'CFLs are too big' - they may now be slightly smaller than their conventional equivalent and with the new classic shapes look almost the same. 'You can't dim CFLs'- you can now dim ESR bulbs on ordinary domestic dimmer switches or by staged dimming using a standard light switch. 'Some CFLs seem to start very slowly, don't give the light they promise or don't last as long as they claim'- ESR bulbs will reach at least 60% of their full brightness in 60 seconds.

What does it cost?
Because they use sophisticated technology, energy saving bulbs have traditionally cost more than their ordinary counterparts. However, the cost is coming down and it is common to pick up bulbs for around 99p. But quality is worth paying for in CFLs; always look for the Energy Saving Recommended (ESR) logo:
Information can be found on the Energy Saving Trust website:

What is an energy saving light bulb?
Energy saving bulbs are mini fluorescent tubes which produce a highly efficient, compact light using a fraction of the electricity that ordinary bulbs use.

Are there different types?
Like ordinary bulbs, energy saving bulbs come in standard bayonet and screw fittings. They also now come in

Safe disposal of used low energy lightbulbs
Low energy bulbs should be taken to your nearest Household Amenity (Waste) Site for recycling, and not put in your dustbin. Ask to be directed to the fluorescent light collection area. The lightbulbs contain mercury, which is classed as toxic waste and could contaminate the environment if not disposed of safely. This is a problem that will need to be addressed as not everyone can get to these sites. Local collection points, perhaps in shops, might be the answer.


Where can I find a wide range of low energy bulbs?
The Lighting Workshop, 59 Catherine Street, Salisbury, as a member of the Lighting Association, is able to offer low energy bulbs at competitive prices through an arrangement with the Energy Saving Trust. They also offer advice on all your lighting needs. Major outlets have a more limited range and low priced bulbs are not necessarily reliable, always check for the ESR logo.

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The Shopping Dilemma
The terms 'Shopping Therapy' and 'Binge Shopping' are frequently used to describe present day shopping habits. We are constantly encouraged to 'shop until you drop' because the economy is dependent on high levels of spending. Consumer demand is the driving force so is there any way that we can use this power to make positive change?
The development of consumer conscience is beginning to have an effect as people become increasingly aware that their choices have consequences. Shoppers are looking at the impact their purchases have on the environment and the people who produce the goods they buy. We can all use this power to bring about change, we can boycott a product, buy only Forest Stewardship Certified (FSC) wood products, choose Fairtrade, refuse packaging and plastic bags and recognise that cheap comes with an additional price tag, which might mean exploitation of child labour. However we are faced with many dilemmas. For instance - 'Should I eat the New Zealand organic apple, the Kent non-organic apple, or the Fairtrade apple from South Africa?' Should we be willing to pay more so that our own farmers are given a fair price for their products with 'Fair Trade' principles adopted here? Are the carbon emissions resulting from growing produce in the UK greater than transporting it from countries where the climate enables them to grow the same products using less energy?

Pam Rouquette Nadder Bank, Middle Street Salisbury SP2 8LW Tel: 01722 334209
Printed on paper sustainably sourced and 80% recycled, using water-based ink

Update on 'How Green are our Supermarkets?'
Last year we featured a report by the National Consumer Council called "Greening Supermarkets" (Issue 6). The report rated supermarkets according to several indicators. No single company rated high on every indicator, but Waitrose achieved top overall marks, being awarded a B rating. New research from the NCC updates the previous report. It claims that "green shopping" is no longer the preserve of the affluent few, who can afford high prices, but is fast becoming a mass market phenomenon. Sainsburys and M & S have now joined Waitrose in being awarded an overall B rating; Tesco moved up a rank from D to C. Not a single supermarket achieved a top rating for the proportion of UK seasonal produce on sale, although the Co-op greatly improved in this respect. As most consumers are aware, there are still large amounts of unnecessary packaging although there is a move to more biodegradable packaging.

Your guide to SMART shopping

We don't have all the answers but a good way to start is by SMART shopping. By SMART shopping we can:

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Reduce waste and save money - we throw away one-third of all the food we buy. (Visit Tackle climate change - 20% of our greenhouse gas emissions are related to the production, processing, transportation and storage of food. Seasonal food, locally produced reduces the energy used in production and transport. Help support local farmers and businesses - this generates more money for the local economy. Live more healthily - by eating locally grown fresh food. Support ethical produce - by considering where products have come from, how they were produced and the working conditions of those producing them.

'Your Guide to Smart Shopping' is available from: Camilla Timms, Wiltshire Wildlife Trust, Elm Tree Court, Devizes, SN10 1NJ, Tel: 01380 725670

Salisbury Fair Trade City
We are pleased to report that at last Salisbury is set to become a Fair Trade City. The Council is submitting a bid to the Fair Trade Foundation but we still need more schools, voluntary organisations and businesses to commit to using Fair Trade products. Fair Trade fortnight starts on February 25th. For information contact: Annie Scadden

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This issue has been funded by a Wessex Watermark Award