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BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

1.

Given: N1 = 300rpm

N2 = 500rpm

d1 = 0.6m

G = 3%

t = 0.006m

Find : d2

Solution:

N 2 d1 + t

(1 G ); where G = G1 + G2 = 3%

=

N 1 d 2 + t

500 0.6 + 0.006

(1 0.03)

=

300 d 2 + 0.006

d 2 = 0.346m

2.

Given: N1 = 950rpm

N2 = 300rpm

d1 = 0.15m

G1 = G2 = 4%

t = 0.005m

Find : d2

Solution:

N 2 d1 + t

(1 [G1 + G2 ])

=

N 1 d 2 + t

300 0.15 + 0.005

(1 [0.04 + 0.04])

=

950 d 2 + 0.005

d 2 = 0.447 m

3.

Given: N1 = 120rpm

N2 = 300rpm

d1 = 0.6m

X = 2.4m

= 0.3

P = 3kW

Find : T1 ; T2

Fadzli0607

1/9

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

Solution:

N 2 r1

=

N 1 r2

N

120

r2 = r1 1 = 0.3

= 0.12m

300

N2

r1 r2

0.3 0.12

=

= 0.075rad

2.4

X

= 2 = 2(0.075) = 2.992rad

T1

= e = e (0.3 )(2.992 ) = 2.454

T2

T1 = 2.454T2

(1)

2N 1

P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (T1 T2 )v1 = (T1 T2 )(r11 ) = (T1 T2 )(r1 )

60

2 120

3000 = (T1 T2 )(0.3)

(2)

60

Insert (1) in (2) :

2 120

3000 = (2.454T2 T2 )(0.3)

60

T2 = 547.30 N

From (1) T1 = 1343.07 N

4.

Given: N1 = 1500rpm

d1 = 0.2m

d2 = 0.8m

X = 1m

T1 = 800N

A = 4 x 10-6m2

E = 300MPa

= 0.4

m = 0.4kgm-1

Find

Fadzli0607

:P

2/9

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

Solution:

(a)

r1 r2

0.1 0.4

=

= 0.3rad

X

1

= 2 = 2(0.3) = 2.54rad

T1

= e

T2

T2 =

T1

800

= (0.4 )(2.54 ) = 289.63N

e

e

2N 1

P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (T1 T2 )v1 = (T1 T2 )(r11 ) = (T1 T2 )(r1 )

60

2 1500

P = (800 289.63)(0.1)

= 8016.87W

60

(b)

2

2N 1

= m (r1 )

60

2 1500

= 0.4 (0.1)

= 98.7 N

60

T1 Tc

= e

T2 Tc

T2 =

T1 Tc

800 - 98.7

+ Tc = (0.4 )(2.54 ) + 98.7 = 352.6 N

e

e

2N 1

P = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (T1 T2 )v1 = (T1 T2 )(r11 ) = (T1 T2 )(r1 )

60

2 1500

P = (800 352.6)(0.1)

= 7027.74W

60

Fadzli0607

3/9

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

(c)

2

2N 1

= m (r1 )

60

2 1500

= 0.4 (0.1)

= 98.7 N

60

T1 Tc

= e

T2 Tc

T2 =

T1 Tc

800 - 98.7

+ Tc = (0.4 )(2.54 ) + 98.7 = 352.6 N

e

e

(T T2 )

v2

= 1 1

v1

A E

2N 1 (T1 T2 )

(T T2 )

= r1

v 2 = v1 1 1

1

60

A E

A E

2 1500

= 0.1

1

60

4 10 6 300 10 6

)(

5.

Given: N1 = 1750rpm

d1 = 0.2m

d2 = 0.8m

X = 1m

T1 = 800N

m = 0.5kg/m

A = 400mm2

E = 500MN/mm2

= 0.3

Find : (a) T1-T2 ; (b) v2 and P

Solution:

(a)

Fadzli0607

r1 r2

0.1 0.4

=

= 0.3rad

X

1

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KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

= 2 = 2(0.3) = 2.54rad

Tension in the belt due to centrifugal force, Tc = mv1 = m(r11 )

2

2N 1

= m (r1 )

60

2 1750

= 0.5(0.1)

= 167.92 N

60

T1 Tc

= e

T2 Tc

T2 =

T1 Tc

800 - 167.92

+ Tc =

+ 167.92 = 462.93N

e

e (0.3 )(2.54 )

(b)

(T T2 )

v2

= 1 1

v1

A E

2N 1 (T1 T2 )

(T T2 )

= r1

v 2 = v1 1 1

1

A E

A E

60

2 1750

= 0.1

1

60

400 10 6 500 1012

)(

6.

d1 = d2 = 300mm

= 7MN/m2

= 1.2Mg/m3

A = 750mm2

Groove angle = 30o

= 0.12

Two V-Belt

Find : P ; Nshaft

Fadzli0607

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KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

Solution:

2N pulley

v = r = r

60

2 1500

1

= (0.15)

= 23.56ms

60

Tc = mv 2 = 0.9 23.56 2 = 499.57 N

T1 = A = (7 10 6 )(750 10 6 ) = 5250 N

1

P = (T1 Tc )1

sin

e

groove angle 30

=

= 15 o ; = (two pulleys have same diameter)

v ; where =

2

2

1

= (5250 499.57 )1 0.12

e sin 15

(23.56 ) = 85839.22 W

1

1

Tc = T1 = (5250 ) = 1750 N

3

3

But Tc = mv 2 , so:

2

mv shaft

= 1750

v shaft =

N shaft =

Fadzli0607

1750

1750

=

= 44.0959ms 1

m

0.9

v shaft 60

2r

44.0959 60

= 2807.23rpm

2 0.15

6/9

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

7.

Given: = 120o

max = 140N/cm2

= 0.97g/cm3

width = 10cm; thickness = 6mm

= 0.3

Find : v ; Pmax

Solution:

A = 0.6 10 = 6cm 2

= 120

= 2.0944rad

180

m = A = 0.97 6 = 5.82g/cm = 0.582kg/m

T1 = max A = 140 6 = 840 N

1

1

TC = T1 = (840) = 280 N

3

3

2

TC = mv = 280 N

v =

280

280

=

= 21.93ms 1

5.82

m

T1 Tc

= e

T2 Tc

T2 =

T1 Tc

840 - 280

+ Tc = (0.3)(2.0944 ) + 280 = 578.75 N

e

e

8.

Given: A = 1000mm2

= 1g/cm3

X =5m

T1 = 2000N

= 0.3

d1 = 125cm; N1 = 250rpm

d2 = 50cm; N2 = 600rpm

Find : driver; driven; P; Plost;

Fadzli0607

7/9

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

Solution:

r1 r2

0.625 0.25

=

= 0.075rad

X

5

= 2 = 2(0.075) = 2.9916rad

2 N 1

2 250

1

v1 = r11 = r1

= 0.625

= 16.3625ms

60

60

2 N 2

2 600

1

v 2 = r2 2 = r2

= 0.25

= 15.708ms

60

60

TC = mv1 = 1(16.3625) = 267.73N

2

T1 Tc

= e

T2 Tc

T2 =

T1 Tc

2000 - 267.73

+ Tc =

+ 267.73 = 973.8 N

e

e (0.3 )(2.9916 )

DRIVEN = (T1 T2 )r2 = (2000 973.8)(0.25) = 256.55N

PDRIVEN = (T1 T2 )v 2 = (2000 973.8)(15.708) = 16119.5W

PLOST = PDRIVER PDRIVEN = 16791.2 16119.5 = 671.7 W

=

9.

=

=

100 = 96%

PINPUT

PDRIVER 16791.2

Given: = 160o

A = 6.5cm2

= 0.97g/cm3

max = 840N/cm2

Groove angle = 30o

= 0.1

m = 1.45kg/m

Find : P at 25m/s

Fadzli0607

8/9

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

BMCM 2723 - MEKANIK MESIN

ANSWER TUTORIAL 1

Belt Drive

Solution:

= 160

= 2.7925rad

180

T1 = A = 840 6.5 = 5460 N

Groove angle 30

=

= 15 o

2

2

TC = mv 2 = 1.45(25) = 906.25 N

2

T1 Tc

= e sin

T2 Tc

T2 =

T1 Tc

e

sin

+ Tc =

5460 - 906.25

(0.1)( 2.7925 )

sin 15

+ 906.25 = 2454.3N

Fadzli0607

9/9

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