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# Design of Abutment Section

Design constants Concrete Grade M25 Allowable stress in bending compression = Allowable stress in direct compression = Allowable stress in bending tension = Modulus of elasticity = Steel Percentage 0.25 Shear stress,kg/cm2 2.3 Steel Grade Tension in flexure, shear or combined bending Direct compression Modulur ratio = n = Es/Ec Computed Q = 1.1 Fe415 = = =
2 200 N/mm 2 170 N/mm 10

0.5 3.1

## N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2 1 4 1.25 4.4

Design will be done first for vertical load and longitudinal moments as per charts of Turner & Mourier . Then stresses on effective section due to transverse moment are superimposed to get final stresses in the member. Bottom section of abutment & reinforcement in it will be as shown below : Length at bottom section of abutment = Width of abutment bottom section= Equivalent length of abutment = 62.5 6600 mm 6475 mm 62.5 6600 mm = 1200 mm = 6.60 m 1.2 m

1200

6600 mm

Use 25 mm dia bar @ Area of steel in each long face = Ratio of steel in long face = np = (10x0.00274)=

## 150 mm C/C 2 21669.27 mm 0.003

(21669.27/(6600x1200)) = 0.0274

Distance from outer face to cg of steel d' = 62.5 mm d'/h = (62.5/1200) 0.05 0.05

## Used chart for =

Check for Stresses : Case (I) P = ML = MT = ( Maximum longiudinal case Non-Seismic ) 4568 KN 2212 KN-m 0 KN-m e = h/e = 2.478 9.5 & k = (2212/4568) = (1.2/0.4842) = and np= 0.43 (9.5x2212x10^6/(6600x1200x1200)) = Stress in tensile steel = = Case (II) (Maximum longitudinal moment case Seismic ) Length at bottom section of abutment without semicircular portion = Width of abutment bottom section= Allowable stress in concrete = Allowable stress in steel = . Equivalent length of pier = 62.5 1200 mm =
2 12.495 N/mm 2 300 N/mm 2 2.21 N/mm

## Now from chart of h/e = We get C = Stress in extreme fiber of concrete =

(10x2.2111x((1-0.05)/0.43)-1)
2 26.74 N/mm

6600 mm 1.2 m

## 6600 mm 62.5 6475 mm

1200

6600 mm Area of steel in each long face = Ratio of steel in long face = np = (10x0.00274) =
2 21669.27 mm

(21669.27/(6600x1200)) = 0.0274

0.00274

Distance from outer face to cg of steel d' = 62.5 mm d'/h = (62.5/1200) 0.05 0.05

P= ML = MT =

## Stress in extreme , fiber of concrete = = Stress in tensile steel = =

(10.5x6435x10^6/(6600x1200x1200))
2 7.109 N/mm

(10x7.109x((1-0.05)/0.23-1))
2 221.90 N/mm

Distribution Reinforcement : Provide minimum reinforcement 0.15% on each face. Distribution reinforcement is 0.25 % of gross area. Providing main reinforcement 25 Tor @ 150mm c/c on Both-Face Providing side reinforcement 25 Tor @ 150mm c/c on Both-Face Providing distribution reinforcement 16 Tor @ 150mm c/c on Both-Face Provide,10mm Tor open links @ 150mm C/C verically and 150mm C/C horizontally in staggered manner Check for Shear :

## For max longitudinal force

From load combinations = 347.29 Shear stress = V / (b x d) = 0.31 Area of steel in longitudinal direction = 21669 Steel percentage = 0.23 Permissible shear stress = 0.20 Shear to be resisted by shear reinforcement = Providing 1L, 10mm Tor stirrups, spacing required KN/m width Mpa mm2 Mpa (from IRC:21 , Table-12B) 347.29x10^3-0.2x1000x1137.5 = 119.79 KN = 223.63 mm

However provide,10mm Tor open links(or S-loops) with hook @ 150mm C/C verically and 150mm C/C horizontally in staggered manner