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STATE AND LOCAL POLITICS

FINAL EXAMINATION
MULTIPLE CHOICE ( 2 Points Each)
B___1. Powers specifically granted to one of the branches of government by the U.S. Constitution. a. Inherent powers c. Necessary and proper clause

b. Express powers d. Implied powers

_c__2. An agreement between two or more states that usually requires approval by Congress is known as ____. a. Inherent powers b. Nullification c. Interstate compact d. None of the above __A_ 3. A seldom used budgeting method that requires each department or agency to justify all budget requests and line items each year. a. Zero-Based Budgeting b. Incremental Budgeting c. Program-Planning Budgeting System d. None of the above _A__ 4. ___ is when parties work to resolve their disputes by talking and reaching a settlement. a. Negotiation b. Mediation c. Arbitration d. None of the above _B__5. ___ is when a third person helps the disputing parties talk about their problem and settle the differences (non-binding) a. Negotiation b. Mediation c. Arbitration d. None of the above _C__6 . ___ is when the parties to a dispute have an outside person listen to their arguments and make a binding decision for them. a. Negotiation b. Mediation c. Arbitration d. None of the above __B_ 7. The process by which voters can circulate petitions and put new laws on the election ballot is called ____. a. National Voter Registration Act b. Initiative c. Referenda d. Recall _C__8 . The process by which legislators ask voters to tell them how they feel about an issue through a set election is called ____.

agencies. ____ encompasses the transfer of payments from one level of government to another. Debt exclusion __C_ 16. a. None of the above __A_14. None of the above . Civil Service d. Federalism d. A system of _____ allows the three branches of government to check each other at both the Federal and state levels. Proposition 2 ½ d. Most of the state budget in Massachusetts is spent on which of the following categories of programs? a. Referenda b. _______ refers to the total expenses paid out to government employees. Nullification b. Debt exclusion ___B 15. Health Care c. None of the above _D__ 17. Collective Bargaining c. Meritocracy _D 11. Checks and balances b. Federalism d. Local Aid d. Which of the following involves a temporary hike in the property tax rate in Massachusetts? a. None of the above _A__13. The division of powers between the Federal Government and the states. Override c. Debt exclusion b. Civil Service d. Which of the following involves a permanent hike in the property tax rate in Massachusetts? a. Separation of powers c. a. Debt exclusion b. National Voter Registration Act c. a. Proposition 2 ½ d. a. Environment _B__ 10. Direct general expenditures b.a. System aimed to replace the appointment of public officials based solely on patronage to one in which appointments are based on merit. Patronage b. Separation of powers c. The process that produces a contract between union workers and management is called ___. Meritocracy __B_ 12. Education b. Intergovernmental expenditures c. and contractors. a. Intergovernmental expenditures c. Override c. Direct general expenditures b. Proposition 2 ½ d. Initiative d. Patronage b. Recall _A__9. Collective Bargaining c. a. Proposition 2 ½ d.

House President _d_ 6. Can be elected or appointed in Massachusetts based on a city’s charter. __n_ 8. Constitution or a state constitution. Senate President k. The number of senators in the MA State Senate. The number of representatives in the MA System House Of Representatives. 14th Amendment c. City charters b. None of the above _A__20. A selective tax on gasoline. a. Judicial review _B__19. alcohol. Payment to government for a specific service or good. Excise tax e. Senate Speaker d. and tobacco i. Checks and balances b.S. 40 . _l__ 2. a.__D_18. 14th Amendment MATCHING ( 3 Points Each) __F_ 1. The person who presides over the Massachusetts House of Representatives Is called the ____________. The power of the courts to determine whether or not a law or government regulation conflicts with the U. Nullification c. Separation of powers c. Supremacy Clause d. 10th Amendment b. Federalism d. Exercise tax __e_ 7. Program-Planning Budgeting b. The ____ enhances the authority of the Federal Government to review activities of state and local governments to ensure that all persons are being given equal protection under the law. __j_ 4. a. a. Zero-based budgeting h. ___ dictate the powers and responsibilities that cities have under state law. j. Federalism d. The person who presides over the Massachusetts State Senate is called the __________ _m_ 5. __b_ 3. User fee f. House Speaker c. 435 L. 160 g. Budgeting based on figures appropriated during the previous year.

__g_ 9. What is the No Child Left Behind Act? What did it mandate that state and local governments do? Mandates that each school have all students be proficient in math. Budgeting system that requires agencies to justify their requests through policy goals and objectives. What two types of state and local government bonds are there? Briefly explain the difference between each. bridges. reading and language arts by way of testing if students score below state can take over school and remove teachers and change curriculum. Revenue Bonds project that of funded by the income of a project or surplus funding. 3. schools. General obligation bonds states issues these to pay for capital improvements like roads. Which tax brings in the most revenue for states? Which tax brings in the most revenue for local governments? Sales tax on goods and services @ 6% for the state of Ma Local town and city’s raise most tax revenue from property 2. These are back by the states good credit and ability to pay.. m. __a_10. Incremental budgeting SHORT ANSWER ( 5 Points Each) Answer six [6] of the following questions 1. Mayor n. What are the three levels of state courts? District court Superior court State appellate . 4. Each department/agency is required to justify all budget requests and line items.

Constitution reserves for the states all powers not granted to the National government? The Tenth Amendment 6.5. Which Amendment of the U.S. Which two styles of governing do legislative leaders utilize? Bicameral 2 house legislature unicameral 1 house legislature . How many members are there in the Massachusetts Senate? 40 How many in the Massachusetts House? 160 7.