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ANSWERS - AP Physics Multiple Choice Practice – Torque

Solution
1. Mass o( stic) *1+,. , )- at *i.point/ Total len-th 0+1., */ Pi1ot at ,.", */ attache. *ass * +,.#, )-. Applyin- rotational equili2riu* Ʈnet+, 3*1-4 5 r1 + 3* -4 5 r 3,. 4 3,.1 *4 + 3,.#4364 6 + ,.," * 3*easure. away (ro* ", c* *ar)4  -i1es a position on the stic) o( !$ c* . !. As a2o1e/ apply rotational equili2riu* 7 3!,,4 3!,c*4 – 8 3 , c*4 – 3 ,,4 3", c*4 + , Torque + 39r4: Choices A an. E *a)e ;ero torque/ <( the re*ainin- choices/ each has *o*ent ar* + r 2ut choice C has the (ull 1alue o( 9 to create torque 3perpen.icular4 while the others woul. only use a co*ponent o( 9 to *a)e less torque Applyin- rotational equili2riu*/ usin- location o( un)nown *ass as pi1ot = "9 31 – 64 + 394 364 "9 "9 + #96 *9 6 + "># + ,.&, * *easure. (ro* ri-ht si.e 31-64 #. 364

Answer E

*-

*1-

A C

".

E

Applyin- rotational equili2riu* 3?-@ cancels on each si.e4 3*1-4 5 r1 + 3* -4 5 r 3"#4 3 .# c*4 + 3*4 3%.# c*4  * + 1!# <n the le(t o( the pi1ot Ʈ+9./ on the ri-ht si.e o( the pi1ot Ʈ + 93 .4. So we either ha1e to a.. 139.4 to the le(t si.e to 2alance out the torque or re*o1e 139.4 on the ri-ht si.e to 2alance out torque. Puttin- an upwar.s (orce on the le(t si.e at A -i1es 3 9.4 on the le(t to 2alance torques/ or puttin- a .ownwar.s (orce on the ri-ht si.e at 8 -i1e a total o( 9. on the ri-ht also causin- a 2alance Apply rotational equili2riu* usin- the corner o( the 2uil.in- as the pi1ot point. Wei-ht o( plan) 3actin- at *i.point4 pro1i.es torque on le(t an. wei-ht o( *an pro1i.es torque on ri-ht. 3*1-4 5 r1 + 3* -4 5 r 31,, )-4 3,.#*4 + 3#, )-4 3r4  r + 1* Apply rotational equili2riu* usin- the rope as the pi1ot point. 3!.#43'.&430> 4 7 *3'.&430>"4 – 3#43'.&430> 4 + ,  * + ! )To 2alance the torques on each si.e/ we o21iously nee. to 2e closer to the hea1ier *ass. Tryin- point B as a pi1ot point we ha1eC 3*1-4 5 r1 D+D 3* -4 5 r 3$)-4 3", c*4 D+D 3&)-4 3!, c*4 an. we see it wor)s.

E

$.

C

%.

E

&. '.

C B

E 1!. 2e nee. C 1&..e. 1#.the torque in the current con(i-uration we ha1eC 39sinI4304 + 90 sin I. Applyin.in.rotational equili2riu* at the center pi1ot we -etC 7*-3R4 7 M-3Rcos$. sol1e. ha1e to e6ist to counteract T6. ha1e to e6ist to 2alance W i( we were to chose a pi1ot point at the ri-ht en.the torque o( all the choices re1eals C as correct. perpen.  r +1. B A E 1%.. 7 #. ha1e to chan-e the 0 to -et 9 30sinI4 Bia-ra* T T + !%# N 1 #N Sa*e Bia-ra* Apply rotational equili2riu* usin. Ease. E .icular we woul.rotational equili2riu* to each . 9EB J W A T Since the rope is at an an-le it has 6 an. T – #.N #..4 the answer *ust 2e A or B/ to pre1ent rotation/ o21iously A woul.. A 1 . E 1".43r4 + .ia-ra* the torque is + 90.in. 3 9sin$.. 9in.F4 304 + 9 H 0 + 90 Applyin.le(t en.N Si*ple 9net3y4 + . Kn the -i1en . as pi1otC 7 3 #. – 1 # + .ia-ra* -i1es BKALRAM 1C 3*-43014 + 3M1-430 4 BKALRAM C 3M -43014 + *-30 4 01 + M130 4 >* M 3014 + * 30 4 3su2 this 014 into the Bia-ra* eqn/ an. Gsin.. y co*ponents o( (orce. 9in.F + H we arri1e at the answer !M> C 11. There(ore/ J woul.cos$. o( the 2ar #. 1$. require*ent/ A also woul. on Ʈnet + .#* Be(inition o( Torque To 2alance the (orces 39net+.1.F4 – M-3R4 + .43"4 – 31 #43 4 – 3#. To -et the sa*e torque with 9 applie.

Ease. E * 1- *- . *>s 43. 7 314 – 3 4 7 3!4 7 3"4 793!R4 – 3 943!R4 7 93 R4 793!R4 + 9R ! 1 " C . *asses/ this *eterstic) woul.1'.proper si-ns an. on the applie.$.$ *4 – 31431. Si*ply apply rotational equili2riu* 3*1-4 5 r1 + 3* -4 5 r *1a + * 2 Muestion says *eterstic) has no *ass/ so i-nore that (orce.. *>s 43. 9in. up. the net Torque as (ollows Ʈnet + 7 3*1-4 5 r1 – 3* -4 5 r 7 3 431. ha1e a net torque an.... a. at ." *4 E 1. the torques o( each usin. Pi1ot place.. rotate. 9in. *.