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# Minimum Wall Thickness Calculations for Two-Piece Welded Low Carbon Steel Cylinders for Low Pressure

Liquefiable Gases of water capacity ! liters as per "S# \$%&' ( )
The agreed finished wall thickness shall not be less than that calculated from the following formulae (Clause 7.1) a) 1) )here* 'h D "e# ! = = = = = &0 bar &1+., 1.0 &,0.7 Side wall thickness shall not be less than a = D \$\$ ( 10 ! "e# \$ %& '# \$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$ 10 ! "e#

1\$%

Substituting the abo.e in the abo.e formula* a = &1+., \$\$\$\$\$\$\$ ( 1\$ % 10 / 1.0 / 0.7 / &,- \$ %& / &0 \$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$ 10 / 1.0 / 0.7 / &,-

=

1-0.( 1\$ %

(,1- \$ -1.07 \$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$\$ (,1-

= 7.( 7.(.(

1-0.( / 0.010+

= 1.7( mm Design of ends conca.e to 1ressure b = a1C C = 1.0 a1 = a as ( = 1 in a)

Therefore* 2inimum thickness is 1.7( mm

Minimum Wall Thickness Calculations for Two-Piece Welded Low Carbon Steel Cylinders for Low Pressure Liquefiable Gases of water capacity ! liters

(.&) 'b = ma/imum 1ressure attained during the burst test 't = actual test 1ressure* a11lied to the c3linder b3 the manufacturer 'tmin = minimum 1ermissible test 1ressure bar r inside knuckle radius of the end r = inside dishing radius of the end "g = minimum guaranteed tensile strength "0 = minimum . )20) = &. Minimum Wall Thickness Calculations for Two-Piece Welded Low Carbon Steel Cylinders for Low Pressure Liquefiable Gases of water capacity ! liters . a = 20 X o X ! .alue of 3ield stress guaranteed b3 the c3linder manufacturer for the finished c3linder "m= actual .as per "S# **++) a = calculated minimum thickness of the c3lindrical shell 4 = 1ercentage elongation after fracture b = calculated minimum thickness of the end of the c3linder C = sha1e factor (see Table ( and !igure () D = outside diameter of the c3linder as gi.# . 20x%#)x& " %0 #\$% = *))2 .en in the design drawing (see !igure 1) D1 = outside diameter of a bend tests former (see !igure 10) h = height of the c3lindrical 1art of the end (see !igure 1) # = outside height of the domed 1art of the end (see !igure 1) = stress reduction factor 5 = length of the c3linder 5o = original gauge length of the test 1iece in accordance with 6S7 8+0( n = ratio of diameter of bend test former to the thickness of the test 1iece (see Table () 'c = calculation 1ressure used to calculate the minimum re9uired thickness of the c3lindrical shell and ends (see 8.( 6.alue of tensile strength determined b3 the tensile test s1ecified in +.1. " Pc #\$% for cylinders without a longitudinal weld: ! = &'0.2 Calculation of cylindrical shell thickness The wall thickness of the cylindrical shell shall be not less than that calculated using the formula: Pc x D .1.(%mm. %0 x%&(.

# = 7utside height* in millimeters* of the domed 1art of the end (see !igure 1). 5o = 7riginal gauge length of the test 1iece* in accordance with :. l = 5ength of the c3linder* in millimeters. +&) X o X !. D = 7utside diameter of the c3linder as gi. 4 = 'ercentage elongation after fracture.en in the design drawing (see !igure 1)* in millimeters.# .2 Calculation of cylindrical shell thickness The wall thickness of the cylindrical shell shall be not less than that calculated using the formula: a= Pc x D . b = Calculated minimum thickness of the end of the c3linder* in millimeters.. C = Sha1e factor for ends (see Table 1 and !igure ().-#mm Minimum Wall Thickness Calculations for Two-Piece Welded Low Carbon Steel Cylinders for Low Pressure Liquefiable Gases of water capacity ! liters . )#-) = &. = Stress reduction factor. " Pc a = %0x%&(. n = "atio of diameter of bend test former to the thickness of the test 1iece* (see Table -). " %0 = *))2 . 5. h = #eight* in millimeters* of the c3lindrical 1art of the end (see !igure 1).as per .)\$)\$& a = Calculated minimum thickness of the c3lindrical shell* in millimeters. e = 4ctual thickness of the material used* in millimeters. D1 = 7utside diameter of a bend tests former (see !igure +)* in millimeters. +&)x%#)x&. 1000(\$1* in millimeters.

as per .alue of 3ield stress guaranteed b3 the c3linder manufacturer for the finished c3linder "m= actual .en in the design drawing (see !igure 1) D1 = outside diameter of a bend tests former (see !igure 10) h = height of the c3lindrical 1art of the end (see !igure 1) # = outside height of the domed 1art of the end (see !igure 1) = stress reduction factor 5 = length of the c3linder 5o = original gauge length of the test 1iece in accordance with 6S7 8+0( n = ratio of diameter of bend test former to the thickness of the test 1iece (see Table () 'c = calculation 1ressure used to calculate the minimum re9uired thickness of the c3lindrical shell and ends (see 8. .(. a = 20 X o X ! ..1.1.)\$\$* a = calculated minimum thickness of the c3lindrical shell 4 = 1ercentage elongation after fracture b = calculated minimum thickness of the end of the c3linder C = sha1e factor (see Table ( and !igure () D = outside diameter of the c3linder as gi.(%mm.# . %0 x%&(.2 Calculation of cylindrical shell thickness The wall thickness of the cylindrical shell shall be not less than that calculated using the formula: Pc x D .( 6. 20x%#)x& " %0 #\$% = *))2 .&) 'b = ma/imum 1ressure attained during the burst test 't = actual test 1ressure* a11lied to the c3linder b3 the manufacturer 'tmin = minimum 1ermissible test 1ressure bar r inside knuckle radius of the end r = inside dishing radius of the end "g = minimum guaranteed tensile strength "0 = minimum .alue of tensile strength determined b3 the tensile test s1ecified in +. " Pc #\$% for cylinders without a longitudinal weld: ! = &'0. )20) = &.