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Ecological Investigation Level Calculation Spreadsheet

Developed by CSIRO for the National Environment Protection Council

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or zinc is selected then other cells within the ‘Inputs’ box will appear and each of these cells require information to be added. The EILs for fresh (present in soil for < 2 years) and aged (present in soil for ≥ 2 years) contamination for these contaminants in the three land-uses are presented in the ‘Outputs’ box. soil organic carbon content and either the measured background concentration or the name of the state where the site is located (or the nearest state) and whether the traffic volume is high or low. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then an aged EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells. 8. soil pH. including 0). When chromium (III). including 0). Do not use any other buttons to clear the cells. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then an aged EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells. soil pH. Do not use any other buttons to clear the cells. 4. The name of the selected contaminant will then automatically appear in the contaminant cell (B5). nickel. To obtain EILs for fresh zinc contamination you will need to enter a value for the cation exchange capacity. After you have entered each value press the ‘enter’ button. copper. If you do not have a measured background concentration ensure that this cell (B16) is empty (not having a number. soil pH and either a measured background concentration or the soil iron content. To obtain EILs for fresh nickel contamination you will need to enter a value for the cation exchange capacity and either a measured background concentration or the soil iron content. 6. Within the ‘Inputs’ box click on the cell containing the name of a contaminant (cell B5) and a drop-down menu symbol will appear. lead and naphthalene being selected the ‘Inputs’ box will be cleared of all other cells and no further information is required. soil pH and either a measured background concentration or the name of the state where the site is located (or the nearest state) and whether the traffic volume is high or low. After you have entered each value press the ‘enter’ button. Select the ‘Data input and EILs’ worksheet. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then a fresh EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells. After you have entered each value press the ‘enter’ button. DDT. To obtain EILs for fresh copper contamination you will need to enter a value for the cation exchange capacity. 7. If you do not have a measured background concentration ensure that this cell (B16) is empty (not having a number. After you have entered each value press the ‘enter’ button. This cell can be emptied by using the 'delete' or 'backspace' keys. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then an aged EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells. To obtain EILs for fresh chromium III contamination you will need to enter a value for the soil clay content and either a measured background concentration or the soil iron content. 3. 2. After you have entered each value press the ‘enter’ button. If you do not have a measured background concentration ensure that this cell (B16) is empty (not having a number. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then a fresh EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells. To obtain EILs for aged nickel contamination you will need to enter a value for the cation exchange capacity and either a measured background concentration or the name of the state where the site is located (or the nearest state) and whether the traffic volume is high or low. Depending on the contaminant selected in step 2 the ‘Inputs’ box will be modified. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then a fresh EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells.Instructions on how to use the Ecological Investigation Level Calculation Spreadsheet 1. Do not use any other buttons to clear the cells. If you do not have a measured background concentration ensure that this cell (B16) is empty (not having a number. Do not use any other buttons to clear the cells. including 0). To obtain EILs for aged zinc contamination you will need to enter a value for cation exchange capacity. Click on the drop-down menu symbol and select the contaminant appropriate to your investigation. soil organic carbon content and either the measured background concentration or the soil iron content. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then a fresh EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells. If you do not enter a value into all the necessary cells then an aged EIL can not be calculated and '# Num!' will appear in the EIL output cells. In the cases of arsenic. . This cell can be emptied by using the 'delete' or 'backspace' keys. This cell can be emptied by using the 'delete' or 'backspace' keys. To obtain EILs for aged chromium III contamination you will need to enter a value for the soil clay content and either a measured background concentration or the name of the state where the site is located (or the nearest state) and whether the traffic volume is high or low. 9. This cell can be emptied by using the 'delete' or 'backspace' keys. including 0). 5. To obtain EILs for aged copper contamination you will need to enter a value for cation exchange capacity.

Schedule B(5)a. Measured concentrations of contaminants in the soil at a site are compared to the appropriate EILs and if they exceed the EILs then further investigation in the form of an ecological risk assessment that conforms to Schedule B5a (NEPC. Kookana R. it should be noted that the example EIL values presented in Warne et al. The two characteristics that differ between such laboratory experiments and field-based experiments are ageing and leaching of contaminants. National Environment Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure. References Heemsbergen D. naphthalene. National Environment Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure. Prepared for the NEPM Review Team. When ALFs were available they were used to adjust laboratory-based toxicity data to field-based data that was combined with actual field data to derive EILs for aged contamination (i. (2) urban residential and open public space.e. copper. and it does not consider the ambient background concentration at the site.e. Warne MStJ. 76p. . The exact method used to calculate each EIL varied according to (1) the physicochemical properties of the contaminant – which modified the key exposure pathways that were considered. DDT. CLW Science Report. Guidelines on the Australian methodology to derive Ecological Investigation Levels in contaminated soils. The EILs are numerical limits that are designed to protect soil and terrestrial flora and fauna (including pets and wildlife) and soil microbial processes from experiencing substantial deleterious effects caused by contaminants. Either a measured or predicted ambient background concentration (ABC) was then added to the ACL to obtain the EIL (see below) EIL = ACL + ABC The advantage of this ‘added risk’ method is that the EILs can never be less than the ambient background concentration. 2011. A Proposed Australian Methodology to Derive Ecological Investigation Levels in Contaminated Soils. (2009) have been rounded off during their calculation and therefore the values presented in that report will not match exactly with those derived by the EIL calculation spreadsheet. South Australia. South Australia. and (3) commercial and industrial land. copper. lead. (2008) and Schedule B(5)b (NEPC. (2009). DDT. when the contaminant has been present in the soil for less than 2 years). National Environment Protection Council. 2010). NEPC (National Environment Protection Council). The method for deriving the EILs was developed in order to overcome all of the major limitations of the previous EILs (NEPM. 2011) to calculate EILs for contaminated sites that have three land-uses: (1) national parks and areas of high conservation value. This spreadsheet uses the methodology set out in Heemsbergen et al. When the toxicity data could not be expressed in terms of added concentration then the EIL was expressed as a total concentration. NEPC (National Environment Protection Council). When these were available soil-specific EILs could be derived (where soils with different properties will have their own unique EIL). NEPC.Background information on the EIL Calculation Spreadsheet This spreadsheet is to be used to calculate the Ecological Investigation Levels (EILs) that are to be used in the National Environment Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure when assessing a contaminated site. Schedule B(5)c. 2011. Adelaide. 2011) should be conducted. The vast majority of toxicity data is derived from laboratory-based experiments that use freshly spiked contaminants. Toxicity data from laboratory-based experiments were used to derive EILs for fresh contamination (i. Schedule B(5)b. 1999. 42p. nickel and zinc are presented in Warne et al (2009) and Schedule B(5)c (NEPC. 185p. National Environment Protection Council. However. Adelaide. 2008. The EIL values calculated by the spreadsheet ALWAYS take precedence over those presented in Warne et al. 85p. Adelaide. When such data were available a limit of how much contaminant could be added to soil before ecotoxicological effects commenced was determined – termed the Added Contaminant Level (ACL). McLaughlin MJ. Australia. 2011. (2) whether the toxicity data could be expressed in terms of added contaminant concentrations (obtained by subtracting the background concentration from the total contaminant concentration). nickel and zinc. South Australia. National Environment Protection Council. lead. Ecological Investigation Levels are the ecological equivalents of the investigation levels that aim to protect human health (HILs) and groundwater (GILs). chromium III.16p. Adelaide. The toxicity data used and the actual calculations of the EILs for arsenic. where the contaminant has been present in the soil for 2 or more years). chromium III. 1999). NEPC (National Environment Protection Council). Soil quality guidelines for arsenic. Guideline on Risk Assessment. National Environment Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure. When these relationships were not available generic EILs (where a single numerical EIL applies to all Australian soils of a particular land-use) were derived. (4) whether an ageing leaching factor (ALF) was available. (3) whether high quality empirical relationships were available that could predict the toxicity of contaminants using soil physicochemical properties. National Environment Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure 1999. NEPC (National Environment Protection Council). Schedule B(1) Guideline on the Investigation Levels for Soil and Groundwater. naphthalene.

Proposed soil quality guidelines for arsenic. CSIRO Land and Water Science Report 44/09. 2009.Background information on the EIL Calculation Spreadsheet Warne MStJ. Kookana RS. chromium (III). lead. 195p. DDT. McLaughlin MJ. copper. Heemsbergen DA. nickel and zinc. naphthalene. .

Leave blank if no measured value or for fresh ABCs only Enter iron content (aqua regia method) (values from 0 to 50%) to obtain estimate of background concentration 7 or for aged ABCs only Enter State (or closest State) NSW Enter traffic volume (high or low) low .Inputs Select contaminant from list below Cu Below needed to calculate fresh and aged ACLs Enter cation exchange capacity (silver thiourea method) (values from 0 to 100 cmolc/kg dwt) 20 Enter soil pH (calcium chloride method) (values from 1 to 14) 9 Enter organic carbon content (%OC) (values from 0 to 50%) 1 10 Below needed to calculate fresh and aged ABCs Measured background concentration (mg/kg).

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986992 129.80415163 86.8448782 225.Outputs Land use Cu soil-specific EILs (mg contaminant/kg dry soil) Fresh National parks and areas of high conservation value Urban residential and open public spaces Aged 85 75 130 230 Commercial and industrial 180 320 0 75 85 130 230 180 320 actual result 72.7143441 .

5806444 322.182.5759553 .

As DDT Naphthalene Pb NSW QLD SA VIC high low Cu Ni Cr_III Zn .