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Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance GBSS14.

0

Feature Parameter Description

Issue Date

01 2012-04-28

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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.................................................................................................................................. 1-1 1..............................................1-1 1.......................GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance Contents Contents 1 About This Document ........... Ltd i .........................................................................................................................................................................................................1 Scope ...............................................................2-1 3 Technical Description ......................................................................................6-1 7 Reference Documents ....................................................................................................... 1-1 2 Overview....................................................................3 Change History.......................2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................3-1 4 Parameters...................................................................................................................................................... 1-1 1........................................................................................................................................7-1 Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co...............................4-1 5 Counters ........................................................5-1 6 Glossary .....

The feature involved is GBFD-110901 Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance. which are defined as follows:   Feature change: refers to the change in the adjustment of adaptive timing advance feature of a specific product version.GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 1 About This Document 1 About This Document 1.0.0 has no change.0.. Ltd 1-1 . Editorial change: refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version. There are two types of changes.0 has no change.2 Intended Audience This document is intended for:   Personnel who need to understand adjustment of adaptive timing advance Personnel who work with Huawei products 1. 1. Compared with issue draft A (2012-02-15) of GBSS14. Document Issues The document issue is as follows:   01 (2012-04-28) Draft A (2012-02-15) 01 (2012-04-28) This is the first release of GBSS14.1 Scope This document describes the feature of adjustment of adaptive timing advance of Huawei Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) Base Station Subsystem (BSS). Draft A (2012-02-15) This is the draft release of GBSS14. Compared with issue 01 (2011-03-31) of GBSS13.3 Change History This section provides information on the changes in different document versions. Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.0. issue Draft A (2012-02-15) of GBSS14.0. issue 01 (2012-04-28) of GBSS14.

the signals transmitted by the MSs that have different distances from the BTS can arrive at the BTS in sequence to avoid signal conflict and MS intervention. the synchronization between the MS and the BTS loses. The Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) frame of an uplink is later than that of a downlink by three bursts. Ltd 2-1 . changes due to MS mobility. Transmission delay between the MS and the BTS. An MS in dedicated mode must transmit signals in an appropriate TA.GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 2 Overview 2 Overview In the GSM system. The time period is referred to as a Timing Advance (TA). an uplink is a radio link for transmitting signals from an MS to a BTS while a downlink is for transmitting signals from a BTS to an MS. To compensate for transmission delay jitter. In the GSM system. Thus. however. Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. about 1730 µs. that is. the MS must transmit signals to the BTS by a certain time period in advance. adjustment of adaptive timing advance is applied to ensure that each MS in dedicated mode uses an appropriate TA. Otherwise.

The TA value affects the radio coverage of cells. and thus they cannot be decoded appropriately. In the GSM system. as shown in Figure 3-1. to P2. A TA value ranges from 0 µs to 233 µs. These signals are overlapped by the signals that are from other MSs and also arrive in TS2. when the MS moves to P3. Then. Each MS must transmit signals in the assigned timeslot. Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. the TA offset of an MS can be reduced to +1 or -1 time length of a symbol. some signals from the MS arrive in TS2. TDMA technology is applied over the Um interface. the MS transmits signals with the adjusted TA. the transmission delay is prolonged and the signals transmitted by the MS may arrive at the BTS in a later TS if the TA is not adjusted. For example. This ensures that all signals from the MS can be received by the BTS in TS1. It is assumed that the MS originally occupies timeslot 1 (TS1). and the BTS must receive the signals in the corresponding timeslot. Figure 3-1 Signal reception with TA unchanged Ts0 Ts1 Ts2 Ts3 Ts4 Ts5 Ts6 Ts7 P1 Ts1 Ts2 Ts1 P2 Ts2 Ts1 P3 Ts2 To avoid this problem. the transmission delay is short. That is. As the MS travels away from the BTS. and the BTS can receive signals from the MS right in TS1. and then to P3. Ltd 3-1 . the base station subsystem (BSS) monitors the required transmission time of each signal from the MS to the BTS and informs the moving MS of TA adjustment. the signals transmitted by the MS are expected to arrive at the BTS in TS1. When the MS is close to the BTS.Figure 3-1 shows the delay offset of signals received by the BTS when the MS is traveling away from position P1.GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 3 Technical Description 3 Technical Description By means of adjustment of adaptive timing advance. as shown in Figure 3-1. as shown in Figure 3-2.

GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 3 Technical Description Figure 3-2 Signal reception with adjusted TA Ts0 Ts1 Ts2 Ts3 Ts4 Ts5 Ts6 Ts7 P1 Ts1 Ts2 P2 Ts1 Ts2 P3 Ts1 Ts2 In the GSM system. the TA value is an integer ranging from 0 to 63. the signals arrive at the BTS in the next timeslot and cannot be decoded appropriately. the BSC can specify the maximum TA value of MSs in each cell. the distance between the MS and the BTS is the maximum. It refers to the time required for transmitting 0. the TA offset of the MS can be reduced to +1 or -1 time length of a symbol. If the TA value is 0. approximately 35 km. It is recommended that MAXTA of MSs in common cells be set to 62. Ltd 3-2 . that is.to 63-bit data. By setting MAXTA. the MS need not transmit signals in advance. Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. By means of adjustment of adaptive timing advance.. If the MS transmits signals at a distance greater than 35 km. if the TA value is 63.

After receiving the channel request message. Ltd 4-1 . the BTS determines whether the channel assignment is performed in the cell by comparing the TA and the value of this parameter. The value of this parameter is determined by that of "Cell Extension Type" in the "ADD GCELL" command.. GUI Value Range: 0~255 Actual Value Range: 0~255 Default Value: 62 Unit: None Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 4 Parameters 4 Parameters Table 4-1 Parameter description Parameter ID MAXTA NE BSC6900 MML Command Description SET GCELLBASICPARA Meaning: This parameter specifies the actual coverage area of a cell.

GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 5 Counters 5 Counters There are no specific counters associated with this feature. Ltd 5-1 . Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..

and definitions.. Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 6 Glossary 6 Glossary For the acronyms. Ltd 6-1 . see the Glossary. terms. abbreviations.

Ltd 7-1 .002: “Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path” [2] BSC6900 Feature List [3] BSC6900 Optional Feature Description [4] BSC6900 GSM Parameter Reference [5] BSC6900 GSM MML Command Reference Issue 01 (2012-04-28) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.GSM BSS Adjustment of Adaptive Timing Advance 7 Reference Documents 7 Reference Documents [1] 3GPP TS 45..