You are on page 1of 7

Topics covered in this Lesson: Layer, Text, Dimensioning, Scale Now that you've learned a lot of the drawing

and modifying commands, it's time to go to the next level. This lesson will introduce you to text, dimensioning and the concept of layers. What you will do is ta e one of your previous assignments, save it to a new name and then add text and dimensions to it. These are the commands you'll !e learning.

Command Layer

Keystroke

Icon

Menu "ormat # Layer

Result Starts the Layer and Linetype property dialog !ox %reates a single line of text Dimensions previously drawn o!)ects *roportionately resi+es 'or scales( o!)ects

Layer / LA

Text
Text No $con Draw # Single Line Text

Dim
Dimension &any Dimension # 'pick one(

Scale / SC
Scale &odify # Scale

,egin !y opening up Assignment #5 from your %-D folder. .sing the A!" A option, immediately save it under the name -ssign/.dwg

%lic #"R" for the 0$" version of the file. %lic #"R" for the DW0 version. The first thing you want to do is create three layers. Layers are used to organi+e drawings. $magine a large pro)ect for a high1rise tower. The designers would create layers for the electrical, plum!ing, landscape and more. $t is necessary to control the drawing and turn some layers off and view only the ones you want. This is one reason why layers are needed. ,ut if you were to use -uto%-D professionally, every drawing you dealt with would have layers. 2ou will !e creating a layer for the dimensions, one for the lines 'o!)ects that were drawn( and another for the text. Start the LAYER command 'LA(. This will !ring up the Layer *roperties &anager 'shown !elow(. We'll cover the things that are used most often in this lesson.

out Layers $n the Layer *roperties &anager. clic the $%e&$ !utton. 2our Dialog !ox should loo li e the one a!ove. create a third layer and call it )*+"CT and ma e its color green. '3n' 'light !ul!( and '%olor' 'colored s4uare( columns as well as the 'New' !utton. -t this point. you will notice that each layer can have a num!er of specific properties. This will create a new layer and give you an opportunity to name it. and ma e its color red. %lic on the small !ox towards the right and select yello& for the color. More a. 2ou have )ust created three new layers in your drawing. "inally. you will see a lot of information. Now you have the dialog !ox on your screen. you want to !e concerned with the 'Name'.  Status8 Displays the current state of the layer. the green chec means that 3!)ects is the current layer. . press )K to close the dialog !ox. 5ighlight the T67T layer and then press the '&a e %urrent' !utton. . The main window gives you information a!out each particular layer.Loo ing at the Dialog . $f it does. $n this example.ox. Notice the !utton !eside Make Current on it. %reate another layer and call this one (IM 'for dimensions(. This ma es the T67T layer current and anything you draw will !e placed on that layer.elow it is the name of the current layer you are drawing on. Name this layer T"'T.

Type8 !"! to place it at the !ottom left corner of your drawing. Not this time.specific color for everything on that layer.         A((I%.layer is not visi!le and cannot !e deleted. Description8 . -uto%-D wants to now how tall you want your letters to !e.T 12 then press =6NT6>#.user1defined description for the layer.< tall. 3n8 $f a layer is '3n' it means that it is visi!le '!ut o!)ects can still !e erased when the 'Select # -ll option is used(. *lot 'yes. Type in &'( at the 5eight prompt.< high and in yellow . *lot8 . Linetype8 . !ut cannot !e modified. so what you will !e doing is creating some text now. 2ou will see that -uto%-D has placed your name in the !ottom left corner at 9:. -t the prompt. %olor8 . center. etc( for the layer. #ei$%t <!&'!!! : Next. Rotation an$le <! : 3ne more thing !efore you start typing in text. Text: )Y*+R .A-E . tell -uto%-D if you want to have your text rotated. Command: text Justify/Style/<Start point : The first thing -uto%-D wants is a starting point for the text. "ree+e8 . Notice that there are other options you could ma e. you want them to !e 9:. two colomns use the same name8 Switch on or off if that layer is plotted.specific linetype 'hidden.A-E and ASS/0. Lineweight8 The visi!le width of the o!)ects on that layer. "or this assignment.T 123 "inally you can type in what you want to put on the drawing.-E.defined color for the plotter to use on that layer. Type in T"'T on the command line. Loo at the command line.-E. so press =6NT6># to accept the default of ? degrees. 0ive layers understanda!le names. Loc 8 Layer is visi!le. !ut ignore them for now. ASS/0.  Name8 The name of the layer. type your .T"'T T67T is your current drawing layer now.

$f you don't see your dimensioning tool!ar on the screen.( The image !elow shows you the standard dimensioning icons. *ic on the icon and then loo at the command line. *ic the top left corner of the . Command: 7dimlinear Specify first extension line ori$in or <select o89ect : $t as s for either the origin of the first dimension line 'a starting point( or you can press =6NT6># to select a particular line. Radius dimensions will give you the radius of either arcs or circles. Linear dimensions are used for dimensioning either hori+ontal or vertical distances. Turn your ) %A. Aligned dimensions will measure the actual length of an angled line. here are the ones you'll !e using in this lesson '6ach of the dimensioning icons gives you a 4uic clue as to which type of dimension it will create. There are several different types of dimensions. (iameter dimensions are used on circles.L3T easier this way. on to endpoint only. 2ou'll see the tool!ar appear. The type of dimension you pic will depend entirely upon what information you want to convey to the person reading the drawing. 5ere are the ones you'll !e using in this lesson. . 2ou'll use this type to add dimensions to the rectangle in the !ottom left of your drawing. Angular dimensions will measure the angle !etween two lines that you pic .on the 'Text' layer. This list !elow shows you which dimension types you will use in this lesson '*lace your mouse on the tool!ar icons to see what they represent. %lose the Tool!ars dialog !ox. Loo at the sample drawing and pic out the different types of dimensions and where they are used. Dimensioning is . right clic on one of your tool!ar icons and chec the Dimension chec !ox.ring up the Layer dialog !ox and ma e (IM your current layer. This is one time when $ recommend to use the icons. 2ou don't really want your name )ammed into the corner li e that so move it up and over 9:@< 'Remember your -*4E command and relative points 8 5&6'("&6'(( Now it's time to start dimensioning your drawing. We'll start with the most common 'and easiest(8 Linear (imensions. *aseline dimensions are a special type that will automatically stac dimensions along one plane as you pic points.

-s you move your cursor around. Now you want to dimension the radius of the fillet on the o!)ect a!ove the first !ox. When you're as ed to place the dimension. press =6NT6># and -uto%-D will as you to select the o!)ect you want to dimension.3B6 T56 L$N6# Dimension text = >&!!! Now dimension the line on the left side using the same method. >epeat these steps to add the other dimension. *ic the top right corner. -t the top left. Then you have to place the dimension line somewhere. *ic the Angular dimension icon. *ic somewhere )ust a!ove the line where you thin it fits well. Loo at the command line8 . *ic on the angled line in the !ottom left corner. *ic a good spot for it. -uto%-D then as s for the second extension line origin. -uto%-D then wants you to select the arc or circle. *ic the !ottom line and then the angled line in the !ottom right corner. Dimension the 9< line in the circle as shown using a linear dimension.ontal/4ertical/Rotated<: =*$%A -. *ic the icon for radius dimension. you can either pic the endpoints or press =6NT6># to choose and o!)ect. Loo ing at the top left o!)ect on the sample sheet. notice that there are a few ways to dimension the corners. *ic the Linear (imension icon. *ic the arc on the top left corner. you'll see that you could place it either to the left or !elow the line. *lace the dimension so that it loo s li e the one in the sample. *ic the icon for this. 2ou want to add !aseline dimensions to the column distance dimension you )ust created. Start on the !ottom left. *ic the icon for the (iameter dimension. *ic anywhere outside the arc where the dimension fits well.CD( !etween the two rows !y pic ing the endpoints of the lines. Dimension the top left !ox of the array as shown using Linear dimensions. %hoose one or the other and place your dimension. -gain -uto%-D then wants you to pic the dimension line location. $nstead of pic ing the two endpoints. -s with the linear dimensions. you'll see that you can only move parallel to the line that you pic ed. The following lines show what you should have seen on your command line8 Specify second extension line ori$in: =S6L6%T T3* >$05T %3>N6># Specify dimension line location or :-text/Text/An$le/#ori. *lace the dimension line somewhere outside the o!)ect. 2ou'll then see the dimension appear and -uto%-D as s for the Dimension line location. Dimension the space '?. -uto%-D as s you to select an arc or circle. Now its time to dimension the circle. Now for the tric y part. *ic anywhere on the circle. you want to add an Aligned dimension. Now you're going to dimension the angle on the !ottom right corner of the top !ox. Dimension the space '?.rectangle.CD( !etween the columns as shown. -uto%-D then shows you the length that it found to !e the length of the line you )ust dimensioned. *ic the icon for the !aseline dimensions.

3TT3& L6"T %3>N6>( <Scale factor /Reference: ' =6NT6># *erform a Foom 6xtents 'type B =6NT6># E =6NT6>#( at the command line. you can try dimensioning some of your other assignments. then press =6NT6>#. Then copy it all 9E< to the right. Foom in on your dimensions and you'll see that they have automatically ad)usted to the new si+esG This is called associative dimensioning. Then you're as ed to peci/y a second e0tension line origin. When as ed to select o!)ects. Now that everything is twice as large. Some common mista es when dimensioning are8 . 6ven if your drawing is 9??H accurate. it is still only as good as the dimensions. There are many different parameters you can change to get )ust the right loo for your dimensions and text 'use the DD/. When as ed for a !ase point.command(. %hec to see if you missed any dimensions. Start the CAL" command. 6nter 2 for the scale factor.CD dimension for the column. type ALL =6NT6>#.2ou may !e as ed to select the !ase dimension. Now you have dimensioned the drawing. pic on the ?. save it and print it. "or practice. What you want to do next is scale the copy of everything to dou!le its existing si+e. Start the C*?Y command. 2our command line should loo li e this8 Command: sc SCALE Select o89ects: *t%er corner: >@ found Select o89ects:=6NT6># Aase point:=*$%A T56 . -uto%-D then will get you to eep repeating this process until you press =6NT6># to end the command.2 to continue. *ic near .1 shows you on the sample drawing. *ic where . draw a window around the ne& set of o!)ects and press =6NT6>#. and when as ed to select o!)ects. This is what your command line should have loo ed li e8 Command: 7dim8aseline Select 8ase dimension: Specify a second extension line ori$in or )+ndo/<Select 3:=pic *9# Dimension text = 6&(! Specify a second extension line ori$in or )+ndo/<Select 3: =pic *E# Dimension text = '&!! Specify a second extension line ori$in or )+ndo/<Select 3: =6NT6># 2our drawing should now loo similar to the sample drawing. pic the !ottom left corner of the !order. Next you want to copy everything over 9E< to the right. This is will not !e covered in this course. $f so.

&a e sure that your dimensions don't overlap. %onfusing dimensions.  Not using your 3snaps. you can delay the pro)ect while these num!ers are located. $ncomplete dimensions.6gi/ "0tra45556gi/ "0tra45156gi/ R"T<R% T) T#" T). -lso put o!)ects and dimensions on separate layers.>255:J Last <pdate: 5. )= T#" L" )% I R"T<R% T) T#" TA*L" )= C)%T"%T )% > 1>. new drawings made. ? C)%TI%<" T) T#" %"'T L" Ta e the 4ui+ for this lesson )&ned and operated . $f you miss one or two dimensions.   !ie& the video /or Assignment 3 . "0tra45516gi/ "0tra45536gi/ "0tra45116gi/ "0tra45526gi/ "0tra45596gi/ "0tra45126gi/ "0tra45576gi/ "0tra455:6gi/ "0tra45586gi/ "0tra455. Snapping to the wrong point. site is protected . dimension the extra lessons from the previous lessons. $f you don't get the exact endpoint of a line.B11B255: 58:51:53 . "or dimensioning practice. or otherwise unclear.. then your dimension is wrong. this can !e easy to do if you aren't paying attention. $n detailed drawings.. or aren't too close. delivered.y Art @hittonA ChesterA %" This &e.y Copyright 1. etc..