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# CONDITIONALS

## IF + present simple, present simple

If I stay out late, I always take a taxi
To describe something that is generally true. The use of IF is very similar to WHEN.

## IF + present simple, future simple

If I see Andrew, I'll give him your message
To talk about something that is quite likely to happen in the future (probable). It is very possible and the condition is quite likely to be fulfilled.

## IF + past simple, would/could + infinitive

If my parents were here, they would be very proud of me
To talk about a present situation that is impossible: a hypothetical situation. The condition cannot be fulfilled.

## IF + past perfect, would have / could have + past participle

If she had worked harder, she would have passed the exams.
To talk about something in the past that did not happen. It is an unfulfilled condition in the past, so it is absolutely impossible to happen

## WISH and IF ONLY

WISH + IF ONLY + PAST SIMPLE
We can use WISH and IF ONLY (it is more emphatic) with a past tense to express regret about the present (to say that we would like something to be different).

I wish I had a car (I DO NOT HAVE A CAR). If only we knew Mary's address (WE DO NOT KNOW MARY'S ADDRESS)

## WISH and IF ONLY + PAST PERFECT

To express regret that something happening or did not happen in the past.

I'm tired. I wish I'd gone to bed earlier last night (I DID NOT GO TO BED VERY EARLY LAST NIGHT) If only you had explained the situation to me (YOU DID EXPLAIN THE SITUATION TO ME)

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TYPE 1 It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled. FORM: if + Simple Present, will-Future Example: If I find her address, Ill send her an invitation. CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TYPE 2 It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled. FORM: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive) Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation. CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TYPE 3 It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past. FORM: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle) Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.
DECIDE WHETHER THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONAL SENTENCES ARE TYPE I, II OR II.

1. If he had dropped the vase, it would have broken. Type I Type II Type III 2. If you have to do the washing up, I will help you. Type I Type II Type III 3. If I had a hammer, I'd hammer in the morning ... (song) Type I Type II Type III 4. I wouldn't run away if I saw a spider. Type I Type II Type III 5. We'd have given you a lift if you hadn't had your bike with you. Type I Type II Type III 6. If you had listened to me, the accident wouldn't have happened. Type I Type II Type III 7. If we don't get tickets for the concert, we'll stay at home. Type I Type II Type III 8. They'd go by bus if they didn't have a car. Type I Type II Type III 9. She'll hear us if you don't stop laughing. Type I Type II Type III 10. He wouldn't have taken the bread if he hadn't been hungry. Type I Type II Type III