You are on page 1of 4

CONDITIONALS

• TYPE 0 (ZERO CONDITIONAL)

IF + present simple, present simple
If I stay out late, I always take a taxi
To describe something that is generally true. The use of IF is very similar to WHEN.

• TYPE 1 (FIRST CONDITIONAL)

IF + present simple, future simple
If I see Andrew, I'll give him your message
To talk about something that is quite likely to happen in the future (probable). It is very possible and the condition is quite likely to be fulfilled.

• TYPE 2 (SECOND CONDITIONAL)

IF + past simple, would/could + infinitive
If my parents were here, they would be very proud of me
To talk about a present situation that is impossible: a hypothetical situation. The condition cannot be fulfilled.

• TYPE 3 (THIRD CONDITIONAL)

IF + past perfect, would have / could have + past participle
If she had worked harder, she would have passed the exams.
To talk about something in the past that did not happen. It is an unfulfilled condition in the past, so it is absolutely impossible to happen

WISH and IF ONLY
• WISH + IF ONLY + PAST SIMPLE
We can use WISH and IF ONLY (it is more emphatic) with a past tense to express regret about the present (to say that we would like something to be different).

I wish I had a car (I DO NOT HAVE A CAR). If only we knew Mary's address (WE DO NOT KNOW MARY'S ADDRESS)

• WISH and IF ONLY + PAST PERFECT
To express regret that something happening or did not happen in the past.

I'm tired. I wish I'd gone to bed earlier last night (I DID NOT GO TO BED VERY EARLY LAST NIGHT) If only you had explained the situation to me (YOU DID EXPLAIN THE SITUATION TO ME)

We'd have given you a lift if you hadn't had your bike with you. (song) Type I Type II Type III 4. I wouldn't run away if I saw a spider.. He wouldn't have taken the bread if he hadn't been hungry. If I had a hammer. the accident wouldn't have happened. I will help you. DECIDE WHETHER THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONAL SENTENCES ARE TYPE I. FORM: if + Simple Present. Type I Type II Type III 7. FORM: if + Past Perfect. Type I Type II Type III 3. will-Future Example: If I find her address. If you had listened to me. II OR II. I’ll send her an invitation. 1. we'll stay at home. She'll hear us if you don't stop laughing. it would have broken. Conditional I (= would + Infinitive) Example: If I found her address. If he had dropped the vase. Type I Type II Type III 5. Type I Type II Type III 6. Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle) Example: If I had found her address..CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TYPE 1 → It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled. CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TYPE 3 → It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past. If we don't get tickets for the concert. Type I Type II Type III 2. I would send her an invitation. If you have to do the washing up. Type I Type II Type III . CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TYPE 2 → It is possible but very unlikely. I'd hammer in the morning . Type I Type II Type III 9. Type I Type II Type III 10. I would have sent her an invitation. that the condition will be fulfilled. FORM: if + Simple Past. They'd go by bus if they didn't have a car. Type I Type II Type III 8.

21. 27. . 3. 20. 18.If I didn't have a mobile phone. we (stop) ____________________________. 24. 22. I (get) ____________________________the popcorn if you buy the drinks.She (go) __________________________out with you if you had only asked her. My friend (drive)_____________________me at the station if he gets the afternoon off. we will go to the zoo. we'll say hello. 6. it (break) __________________________________.If we (meet) ________________________________ him tomorrow. my life (not / be) ___________________________complete. 25. 11.Okay. nobody (notice) __________________________. 28. we would have helped you. they will come to see us.I would not have read your diary if you (not hide) ___________________ it in such an obvious place. If I had time. I (pass) ________________________________ the exam.If I hadn't studied. I'd help you carry the piano. 16.If we sneak out quietly.We (arrive) _____________________ earlier if we had not missed the bus. nobody would do it. 8. you would be sure to leak it. 12. If you (speak)____________________ English. II AND III) 1. I wouldn't have said no. if I (see)___________him.If we (know) _______________________about your problem. 2. 4.COMPLETE THE CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (TYPE I. We'd be stupid if we (tell) _________________________________ him about our secret.If we'd seen you.I wouldn't go to school by bus if I (have) ______________________________ a driving licence. If they had gone for a walk.If I (be) _________________________you. 5. 17.He would have repaired the car himself if he (have) _________________________ the tools. I would not buy that dress. 29. 19.If my father (wake up) ________________________me up. she'd be lovesick. 14. I would have told you. If they (ask)__________________ me.If I (to be) __________________________ stronger. Would you mind if I (open) _____________the window? 7. 26. 23. 15. they (turn)______________the lights off.If you drop the vase. I (go)__________________shopping with you. 13.If they (have) _______________________time at the weekend.If I (tell) __________________________you a secret. I'll take the bus home. If she (come)_______________to see us. 9.If she (see) ___________________________________ him every day. 10. If I (not do)________________________it. 30. you will get along with them perfectly.I (travel) _________________________ to London if I don't get a cheap flight.

a don't b won't c wouldn't d hadn't 10 I gave that man in the pub my phone number. I wish 5 She regrets going out with him. 6 Unfortunately. She wishes she __________ cancel it. and now she wishes she __________ harder. . I wish PRACTICE: 1 She failed most of her exams. . I wish I __________ a car. a is b was c would be d had been 4 It really annoys me that you never do anything around the house! I wish you __________ from time to time. I wish it was lunchtime. a have got b had c would have d had had 3 The weather's terrible today. I wish we __________ there. I wish the driver __________ until the right time before leaving. I wish I __________. a works b worked c would work d had worked 2 I had to get the bus to work every day. I wish 3 He has to stay in tonight. I wish I __________ it.COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB AFTER WISH. a won't b didn't have c wouldn't d hadn't . She wishes . a go b didn't go c wouldn't go d hadn't gone 9 The two brothers are always fighting. a doesn't have to b won't have to c didn't have to d wouldn't have to 8 We went to a new restaurant for lunch and I've been feeling sick all afternoon. a wash up b washed up c would wash up d had washed up 5 I missed my English class yesterday because I went to the doctor's. a don't miss b didn't miss c wouldn't miss d hadn't missed 6 The last bus always seems to leave early. He wishes 4 I regret that I bought that car. a waits b waited c would wait d had waited 7 My sister will have to cancel her party next week. . Example It isn't lunchtime. . I wish 2 I didn't bring enough money. I have to work late tonight. but she's broken her leg. I wish it __________ a bit warmer. Their mother wishes they __________. . 1 I can't do this exam.