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430 ft of tunnel in seven runs as part of the Shayler Run Segment C Sewer Replacement Project near Cincinnati.000 lf of 30-in.O. Peninsula. One-year subscription rates: complimentary in the United States and Canada.00 in other foreign countries. Box 190. Ohio and at additional mailing offices.trenchlessonline. design and contract documents. Rasa Gains Foothold in North American Market Tokyo-based Rasa Industries. with an annual Directory in June Copyright 2011. Long Distance for Small-bore TBM Midwest Mole is using a 72-in. Peninsula. Periodical Postage Paid at Peninsula. Each stage must be carefully considered to ensure a successful microtunneling project. Microtunneling the Balch Consolidation Conduit The microtunneling project is one of the final elements of Portland’s CSO program that will convey combined sewer and stormwater flows from northwest Portland to the Swan Island Pump Station. N. Benjamin Media.900 professionals. Units 21 & 22.. two microtunneling pipe pioneers are being recognized for their contributions.Table of Contents Cover Story 8 Huber. is the newest entrant into the growing North American market. using ICON Tunnel Systems. P. Subscriptions and classified advertising should be addressed to the Peninsula office.O. ON L5S 1E9 Canada 26 M-4 www. POSTMASTER: send address changes to TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY. having already trained more than 1. risk assessment. 18 32 Directory A who’s who of microtunneling manufacturers.000 microtunneling systems worldwide. hard-rock TBM to excavate 9. All rights reserved. Turkopp Help Forge a Path to Success To recognize the role of pipe development and technology. the Microtunneling Short Course has established itself as the premier instructional venue for microtunneling worldwide. Inc. Features 12 Microtunneling Short Course: Leading Edge Education Entering its 19th year in 2012. 7686 Kimble Street.00. Send change of address information and blocks of undeliverable copies to Canada Express. conduit for CenterPoint . Single copy rate: $10. Guided Boring in Houston Houston-based contractor Boyer Inc. OH 44264. Box 190. OH 44264 USA. used the guided boring method to install 7. TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT Departments 28 Job Log A look at some of the recently completed and current microtunneling jobs in North America. Mississauga. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted by any means without written permission from the publisher. 20 22 24 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY (ISSN 1064-4156) is published monthly. suppliers and contractors. P. 14 30 Products Innovative new products available in the market are showcased.Y. Pilot Tube Tunneling in New York Cruz Contractors LLC successfully completes its first pilot tube microtunneling project in Hawthorne. Technical Article: Design Considerations The design process has four stages: planning. and $99. Rick Turkopp of Hobas Pipe USA (on the right in the photo) and Gary Huber of Permalok will receive the Microtunneling Achievement Award at the annual Microtunneling Short Course in February 2012. which has produced 1.. Canadian Subscriptions: Canada Post Agreement Number 40040393.

Specify: _____________________ GOV. 7.O.0180 Free* Subscription! Scan this code with your smart phone and subscribe online.O. J In-House Engineering Z. Specify: _________________________ Signature: ____________________________ Date: ____________________ YES.Don’t Fall Behind.J Pipeline N. J In-House Construction Y. JCable G J General H. J Tunneling E. JConstruction K.F. J Electric T. J Supv. YES NO Which title group best describes your job title? (check only one) A B C D E F G J Owner/Partner J President J Vice President J C. J Distribution C.O. J C. I want to recieve the FREE Trenchless Technology global E-Newsletter E-mail:________________________________________________________________ How would you describe your primary trenchless activity? J Rehabilitation J New Installation J Both What is your company’s primary function? PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY Name _____________________________________________________________________ Title ______________________________________________________________________ Company __________________________________________________________________ Address ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ City _______________________________________________________________________ State/Prov __________________________________________________________________ Zip/Postal Code __________________________________Country______________________ Phone _________________________________Fax _________________________________ Email _____________________________________________________________________ Signature ______________________________________ Date ________________________ Please allow 4 . J Environmental M. Specify _____________________ MT1111 ./ PW O. I want to renew/subscribe to Trenchless Technology H J Superintendent I J Engineer/Estimator/Consultant J J Director/Commissioner K J Safety L J Operator/Field M J Other.585. J Gas U. J Student/Professor 9. J Pipeline F. J Other. Specify _____________________ OTHERS IN THE TRENCHLESS INDUSTRY 6.O. Renew Your Subscription Today! Fax: 888. J Pipe Manufacturer 4. J Cable/Telephone V. | *This offer is free in USA & Canada. JWater and Sewer S. J Road Boring/ Directional Drilling D. J Other./Foreman/Insp. J Consultant. J Other. J Library 8. J Other.E.6 weeks for processing. Specify _____________________ MFG/SUPPLIER 1. J In-House Contracting X. J Other Utilities. Specify: _____________________ UTILITY COMPANIES R. (check only one) CONTRACTING FIRMS A. J Rehabilitation Systems 3. J Pipe Cleaning. J Manufacturer 2. J Utility B. Specify: _____________________ ENGINEERING FIRMS J. J Manager/Coordinator/ Admin./C. J Other. Specify _____________________ INDUSTRIAL FACILITY W. J Geotechnical L. Mfg/ Supplier 5. JOther. J Gas and Electric Q. J Pipe Cleaning I. J Water and Sewer P.

Fowler Co.. The longest drive marks the third-longest in the United States.625 ft established in by E. P. Folson.E. Bueno Contributing Staff Editors Keith Gribbins • Pam Kleineke Bradley Kramer • Kelly Pickerel Graphic Designer Sarah Hayes Marketing Director Kelly Dadich Regional Sales Manager Dan Sisko Regional Sales Representative Lindsie Bowman Audience Development Manager Alexis R. Kramer. Regards.S. we focus on the Balch Consolidation Conduit project completed by James F.C. The results have produced longer drives with greater successes. Arizona State University. ing. Washington. with all three of those drives in Portland. (The Portsmouth Force Main Segment 1 project was an Honorable Mention.690 ft with the minimum being 1. Jackson. Malcolm Pirnie Inc. The project involved more than 8. Mississippi Irene McSweeney. The past few years have seen a remarkable uptick in innovation as contractors and engineers have better understood the capabilities of the equipment.E. exceeding the previous mark of 1. David Reprints Wright Reprints Ph: 877-652-5295 Fax: 281-419-5712 Jim Rush. Samuel Ariaratnam P. Ore.000 ft of microtunneling in a very urban area through difficult ground that included hard tills.) The microtunneling on the East Boston job was completed by Cruz Contractors and involved more than 12. Editorial & Advertising Offices 1770 Main St. Arcadis US Inc. Box 190 Peninsula. These two individuals will receive the award at the 2012 Microtunneling Short Course. That drive set a new U. Tom Iseley. was another microtunneling project – the East Boston Branch Sewer. which is being held Feb. has been a hot spot for microtunneling in recent years. Joseph Loiacono. D. Quebec Ronald T. Bennett Trenchless Engineers.100 ft. Rick Turkopp of Hobas Pipe USA and Gary Huber of Permalok have played key roles in getting their products accepted and used. 7-10 at the Colorado School of Mines campus in Golden. and perhaps as important. the job was completed safely.900 ft of 84-in. In this issue. Thompson. Despite the challenges. which is featured in the October 2011 issue.E.E. Krzys Editor James W. standard for drive length. P. Boston Water and Sewer Commission e-mail: info@benjaminmedia.trenchlessonline. P.E. 6. silts and gravels with a host of wooden piles. California Steven R. microtunneling has continued to gain acceptance as a trenchless installation method. Professor/Director at CEMT at IUPUI Indianapolis.North American Microtunneling Continuous Improvement 2011 Industry Review S ince its introduction in the United States in 1984. Cruz on the Hylan Boulevard project that began in 1989. Portland. Northwest Boring’s Portsmouth Force Main Segment 1 project involved a 1. Editor M-6 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT www. Montreal.. Arizona Dr.O.115 ft of 54-in. What was remarkable about that project was the fact that it was completed at an average jacking force of 130 tons under 40 ft of cover and an outside diameter of 81.E. . and in the process have helped lead the charge for the industry itself. Sanexen. its limitations. Rush Managing Editor Sharon M. Massachusetts Microtunneling Achievement Awards The staff at Benjamin Media would like to congratulate the recipients of the Micotunneling Achievement Awards. RCP as part of the East Side CSO project for the City of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services. OH 44264 USA (330) 467-7588 • Fax: (330) 468-2289 www. In 2008. Publisher Bernard P. crews bored through difficult geology including sands. P. logs and fill materials that crossed the alignment.055-ft drive of 84-in. The longest drive was 1. White Web & Interactive Manager Mark Gorman Editorial Advisory Board Chairman Dr. Kiewit-Bilfinger Berger garnered Trenchless Technology Project of the Year honors with a record-breaking 3. and 1. P. Indiana Dr. who are presented in the cover story of this issue. It is also interesting to note that the 2011 Trenchless Technology Project of the Year. on time and on budget – effectively showcasing the benefits and capabilities of microtunneling when carefully planned and executed.903-ft drive – the second-longest completed in the United States (this project was profiled in the 2010 North American Mircotunneling supplement).. soft clays and large areas of fill.trenchlessonline.6 in. In addition.E.000 ft of microtunnels. Tempe. Krzys Associate Publisher Robert D. Main Event Sponsor TM . Trenchless Technology Magazine Office of Special Programs and Continuing Education Colorado School of Mines Course Directors Timothy Coss Levent Ozdemir For More Information: www. Colorado USA In Cooperation with: or www. Inc.Microtunneling Short Course February 8 – 10. 2012 in conjunction with the Microtunneling Short Course Colorado School of Mines Golden. 2012 Pilot Tube Microtunneling 1-Day Seminar – February 7.

two microtunneling pipe pioneers are being recognized for their contributions.trenchlessonline. Yet one of the most critical links in the chain is sometimes overlooked — the pipe. Turkopp Help Forge a Path to Success Pipe Industry Veterans to Receive Mircotunneling Achievement Award By Jim Rush ftentimes technological advances in the field of microtunneling are associated with equipment — microtunnel boring machines. improved productivity and less cost. and www. Advances in pipe manufacturing and joints are instrumental in helping make microtunneling projects successful. Rick Turkopp.. etc. Permalok. Pipes engineered specifically with microtunneling in M-8 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT O mind led to higher reliability. will receive the Microtunneling Achievement Award at the annual Microtunneling Short Course in February.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Gary Huber Rick Turkopp Huber. guidance systems. Microtunneling Inc. To recognize the role of pipe development and . slurry cleaning systems. Hobas Pipe USA. The awards were established by course organizers Tim Coss. cutters. and Gary Huber.

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Immediately I noticed that microtunneling was a much more risky way to install pipe –much more complex and difficult. Microtunneling Inc. “Just as we were getting started. microtunneling was in its infancy in the United States. what did they need from the products to be successful. Ozdemir Engineering. It solves certain problems and there was a need for it in the industry and the real key to its Past Award Winners Microtunneling Achievement Award Winners The Microtunneling Achievement Awards were established by Microtunneling Short Course organizers Tim Coss. Award winners will be officially recognized at the Short Course banquet on Thursday. joints and ability to withstand jacking forces were key properties for the pipe.” Turkopp said. This year’s winners – Gary Huber of Permalok and Rick Turkpp of Hobas Pipe USA – will be recognized at the Short Course banquet on Thursday. Turkopp was tasked with understanding the needs of the pipe from the installation and end-use point of view. both companies have been cover stories for Trenchless Technology magazine. Permalok (shown with company founder Mike Argent) was profiled in April 1998. When microtunneling was first introduced in the United States in 1984. Northwest Boring Both Permalok and Hobas have figured prominently in the trenchless industry over the years.trenchlessonline. Ozdemir Engineering. Jack Control Inc. and Levent Ozdemir. Improved geometries. Jacobs • Dr. 2012.. the microtunneling market has continued to offer owners with a method of installing pipe with minimal disruption in urban or environmentally sensitive areas. In fact. to recognize leading individuals or companies who have made a lasting impact on the field. engineers and owners had to live through the dreaded “learning curve. 2011 Industry Review Turkopp Rick Turkopp has been with Hobas Pipe USA from the beginning as the European-based fiberglass pipe manufacturer was entering the North American market. 2012. Yogi Kwong Engineers • Stefan Trumpi-Althaus. • Glenn Boyce. An engineer by training who had previously worked in the fiberglass business. “My role immediately was to understand our product: how people used it. The awards are formally presented at the annual Short Course held in Golden. Kiewit • Dennis Molvik. M-10 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT www. Colo. Feb. one pipe failure can bring the whole tunneling process to a standstill. and Turkopp and Huber have played key roles in helping those products gain acceptance. 9. Frank Coluccio Construction Co. Past recipients of the Microtunneling Achievement Award are: • Northwest Boring • Franco Coluccio. to recognize leading individuals or companies who have made a lasting impact on the field. and Hobas (with Turkopp shown among the management team) was featured in February 2010. Colo. and we knew our pipes would be good for microtunneling so we pursued that opportunity. “We were getting in on the ground floor. • Matt Roberts.North American Microtunneling Levent Ozdemir. and microtunneling was still brand new in the United States. Feb. And considering that microtunneling is a pipe jacking operation. how do we meet those needs relative to other products on the market.” One of the lessons learned was that conventional pipe for direct-bury projects was not ideally suited for microtunneling projects. Hobas Pipe USA and Permalok have been at the forefront of the market by producing pipe specifically engineered for microtunneling. . then engineering a product that would meet those needs. in Golden. 9. Along with that acceptance and success. The year was 1985. James Kwong.

“Engineers are trained in concrete and steel. AWWA and the Trenchless Technology Center Industry Advisory Board. you must have approval of the agency where it is going to end up. 1.250 ft. spreading the word and getting the pipe approved for use was another. In addition to his work with Hobas. according to Turkopp. Additionally. but the contractor (E.625.” Getting the buy-in of the engineers was particularly challenging. and you have to get the contractor to buy it. The project. you have to show them the benefits: the constant outside diameter that reduces drag. so he ended up choosing our pipe. which began in 1989.success was reliability – the product had to work.” Aside from the challenges associated with engineering a pipe that would meet the needs of the installer and the owner. you have to get the engineer to specify your product. Huber Huber had spent many years working in the steel piping industry when he was approached by Permalok to help start up the new company and its distribution process for its trenchless steel casing. Then came the Greater Houston Wastewater Program.625-ft drive set a U. If you fail on any one of those three fronts. which helps provide a uniform load on the joints when jacking.325 and 1. you have no business. the 1.trenchlessonline. and corrosion resistance. our pipe is resilient.” Turkopp said.000 ft of 60-in. Turkopp has been active in ASTM. involved nearly 6. For more information visit www. That came in the form of the Hylan Boulevard project on Staten Island. “For a pipe to get used on a TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-11 . record that wasn’t surpassed until 2008. including jacking runs of 1. good hydraulics. Cruz) had just completed a project using concrete pipe that had some problems and issues. ASCE (including work on the ASCE Microtunneling Guidelines).450. which would earn Houston the nickname “the Microtunneling Capital of the United States. The project was a success. So. “That job was originally specified as concrete pipe. but they don’t know much about fiberglass.” Turkopp said. “With those kinds of successes.” With the right product in hand.” The work in Houston accounted for about half of all micortunneling completed in the United States through the mid-1990s. www. In fact. lightweight for decreased jacking loads. pipe installed by microtunneling. Turkopp said. microtunneling began to grow and grow.S.trenchlessonline. They understand those products.E. the company needed the right project to help showcase it.

‘If it’s not welded.” Huber said.” With the well-documented infrastructure needs in the United States. I see many contractors try to take shortcuts and end up costing them more time and money in the end. do not take the place of proper planning. with drives in the range of 300 to 400 ft. and go to the conferences and seminars to demonstrate the product. “Each day.trenchlessonline.” Huber said. new and better installation ideas are developed by contractors along with input of the new designs of the machine manufactures. and what will get you where you need to complete the project as designed. As with any new product. “People were skeptical when the product was first introduced.” Now that the product has been established in the Jim Rush is editor of Trenchless Technology. “It is making microtunneling a better option with increased capabilities. drives of 1. “We are getting specced left and right now. technical advances. Huber said. “It is important to do your homework before any job. microtunneling is likely to play a key role for urban utility construction. With labor cost a significant portion of the overall job cost.” Technological advances. Now.’ It was an education and learning process. Early projects started small. Permalok still needed to gain acceptance in the engineering and owner communities as well. www.” For more information visit www. “You have to make sure you understand the scope. it is well accepted.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Permalok was formed in 1993 by Mike Argent as an alternative to welded steel pipe. “The design engineers at the time had no idea what Permalok was. “The contractors. and the company is supplying 18.000 ft of 81-in. We had to go out and talk to the cities and the engineering companies. “The first thing we had to do was get the contractors to understand the benefits of the Permalok joint. “Of course the first reaction was.” Through the years.” Huber said.trenchlessonline.2 million ft of Permalok pipe has been installed by microtunneling. it can’t be as strong. however. Huber said. In fact. helping to increase the production rate of M-12 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT . The potential of this industry is unlimited. Permalok features a joint that snaps into place when jacked. engineers and owners see the benefits of the pipe.” he said. They had to see it in the field and see the benefits of not having to weld the steel casing. “It is a fact that the infrastructure of this country needs to be updated. acceptance was slow.” Huber added. more than 1. More than 90 percent of the steel pipe used for microtunneling is Permalok. pipe for an upcoming project in Hawaii. the ability to maximize production is critical for microtunneling contractors. “Advanced technology is evolving daily in this market. increased experience and a better understanding of the process have expanded the scope of microtunneling.” Huber said.” But it didn’t stop there.000 ft are not uncommon. and it was a difficult process to get it used on projects.

The Microtunneling Short Course is a three-day. offering high-level education on leading-edge technologies and topics. Smith Co.Microtunneling Inc. Microtunneling Inc. Mike DeBenedetto.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Microtunneling Short Course: Leading Edge Education T he Microtunneling Short Course has established itself as the premier instructional venue for microtunneling worldwide. Levent Ozdemir. 8-10 with a one-day Pilot Tube seminar on offered on Feb. the Microtunneling Short Course offers participants the chance to network with peers from across the country. Walter C. James W. With more and more demand for underground services in urban 2011 course presenters featured many of the leading contractors in the field of microtunneling. Entering its 19th year in 2012.trenchlessonline. Hobas Pipe USA. engineers. ranging from contractors and engineers to owner agency representatives. Tim Coss. and Gary Huber. 8). case studies. the Microtunneling Short Course is a mustattend event to obtain the latest technical information to ensure a successful project. Northwest Boring. the need to use minimally invasive construction techniques like microtunneling will only increase. It has continued to evolve along with the industry. and Troy Stokes. microtunneling and slurry equipment advances.. James W. planners. Richard Palmer. The course covers all aspects of mictotunneling including site investigation. pipe considerations. The course is presented in cooperation with Microtunneling Inc. Fowler Co.. which are bestowed on the companies or individuals who have made a lasting impact on the microtunneling industry. shaft construction. TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-13 . It is intended for public works and utility officials. and Scott Thibert. Northeast Remsco Construction.900 professionals. Dennis Molvik. pause for a photo during a lab tour. (course director). which will be held Feb. If you are involved with microtunneling or are planning to be involved. managers. Another attraction of the Microtunneling Short Course is the presentation of the Microtunneling Achievement Award winners. and has helped grow the market through education and understanding. ground stabilization. Frank Coluccio Construction. To register for the course visit: http://csmspace. Mission Clay.. 40 miles west of Denver International Airport. Akkerman Inc. Bradshaw Construction. intensive course presented by a panel of international experts and organized by Prof. It will be held at the Green Center on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines in Golden. John Fowler. Ozdemir Engineering (course director).com/events/microtunnel In addition to classroom sessions. www.. and equipment manufacturers involved in any phase of trenchless technology.. (From left) Billy Nelson. 7. The 2012 Microtunneling Short Course. and more. contractors. including (from left) Don Bergman. Tim Coss. Levent Ozdemir of Ozdemir Engineering and Timothy Coss of Microtunneling Inc. covers the latest in emerging technologies from this growing field. The Microtunneling Short Course was established at a time when microtunneling was still gaining acceptance in the utility construction industry. the course has already trained more than 1. Les Bradshaw. Permalok (see story on p. and around the world. Trenchless Technology magazine and the Colorado School of Mines’ Office of Special Programs and Continuing Education. This year the awards will be given to Rick Turkopp. Fowler Co.

the designer should consider the cost for contingencies including: dewatering. Depending on the project length. microtunneling repreM-14 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT sents “the Cadillac” method: costly. Experienced tunnel engineers are needed to evaluate the drive length. a planning level cost estimate must answer this question. Before the project design begins. microtunneling may not be the preferred construction method. Project risks and the resultant “risk pricing” anticipated for contingencies. pipe jacking. Developing. Contingencies must be considered to handle hard obstructions. tunnel/shaft depth. hydrostatic head. potential for obstructions and contractor access and laydown areas to determine if the project can be designed and built using microtunneling methods. for shaft construction. The design process has four stages: planning. but capable of successfully excavating within tight alignment tolerances in cohesionless soils below groundwater.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Technical Report: Design Considerations for Microtunneling Proper Planning Needed to Ensure Successful Construction By Tracy J. ground conditions. Lyman S uccessful design of microtunneling projects can be achieved by paying attention to the following: 1. Superimposing the project “in the ground”. risk assessment. compaction grouting www. and 4.trenchlessonline. the question “Can a microtunnel boring machine (MTBM) handle the project requirements and anticipated ground conditions?” must be answered. guided auger boring. access restrictions. mixed face ground conditions. Creating a project “environment” that will allow for Contractor success. potential third-party impacts or project parameters must be evaluated. Each stage is discussed in detail in the rest of this paper. allowable pipe material. hard rock or refuse fill if they occur. pipe ramming. Exploring and defining ground conditions. permits. of the alternative trenchless methods. horizontal directional drilling and conventional tunneling. diameter. design and contract documents. anticipated ground conditions. If it is determined that an MTBM can handle project conditions. In fact. understanding and defining project needs and requirements. available right of way and available shaft locations. the question “Can the Owner afford the project?” must be answered. Planning Planning questions must begin with “Is this a microtunnel project?” There are many excellent trenchless construction methods to consider in addition to microtunneling: auger boring. In addition to cost estimates for shafts and microtunnel drives. if needed. 2. and ground modification (chemical grouting. groundwater conditions. . guided pipe ramming. If it is determined microtunneling is the best alternative. TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-15 . The key design elements include For more information visit www. must also be considered. 60 percent.” “What problems/mistakes have been encountered elsewhere?. Performed early in the design process. the Risk Assessment can engage key project participants and encourage open communication about project www. Risk Assessment is well-explained in an excellent document entitled “A Code of Practice for Risk Management of Tunnel Works” published by the International Tunneling Insurance Group in 2006. or simply neighbors who may be inconvenienced by the project. The reader is referred to this document for a thorough description of the Risk Management process and a discussion of its advantages.” then let the design phase begin! Risk Assessment An effective Project Risk Assessment is a powerful tool to identify. this is a microtunnel project.trenchlessonline. 90 percent and final design. Design is usually iterative.” “What scenarios would keep you up at night with worry?.” and “What’s unacceptable to the project?. comprising four phases each with an increasing level of specificity – preliminary (30 percent). If the answer from all of this planning is still “Yes. The high. the probability that it could occur on the project and communicating the severity of the outcome of the risk to the project.” “What can change?. a Risk Management process will ask the following questions: “What is uncertain?. assess and develop design control strategies to minimize project risks. Basically. Additional costs to cover potential impacts to third parties such as buried utilities or structure foundations above the microtunnel.” Using a rigorous methodology for identifying each risk. the project risks can be ranked in a table like that shown in Figure 1. very high and extreme risk factors resulting from this process can then be mitigated with design solutions and communicated effectively to all project stakeholders. Design Design is a process that ultimately communicates the minimum acceptable project technical requirements and optimizes the opportunities for project success.or ground freezing) for shaft and/or microtunneling.

service and other connections and permitting restrictions will allow. both horizontally and vertically. Pipe selection is typically based on familiarity/favorable past experience. face stabilization capabilities and slurry system configuration. most microtunnel projects are for gravity pipelines. research results and product standards with documented loading/stresses within an allowable range for the project. Pipe Alternatives The project owner often provides input on acceptable pipe types based on his preferences. The project stakeholders. including the designer. first and foremost. manageable haul and delivery routes. the design should provide minimum machine requirements: diameter. the final choice of an MTBM is a critical contractor project decision.500 ft and depend on ground conditions. vertical alignment optimization should be considered during design including: • include as much slope in the pipeline as possible • avoid mixed face or “tough” ground conditions • identify and “solve” any utility interferences 2011 Industry Review anticipated lateral ground pressure and/or propose a “buildable” shaft design or menu of preferred options. specifying acceptable materials/ equipment and determining cost/schedule. Shaft locations and tunnel drive length should be determined.g. defining shaft locations and logistics. pipe type (its roughness/ adhesion affects jacking performance). muck storage and removal. match equipment to anticipated ground conditions. Drive lengths are typically in the range of 300 to 1. future manhole locations. Shaft locations and resultant drive length must be determined. determining project layout and alignment. MTBM Requirements Ultimately. The design documents should leave room for innovation by equipment manufacturwww. The design should also provide anticipated ground behavior and maximum standup time/unsupported shaft depth. minimize the required number and type of shafts and avoid buried utility interferences. pipe annulus lubrication and use of intermediate jacking stations. Microtunneling does not need to follow these traditional rights of way and significant pipeline length can be eliminated if alternatives are explored.trenchlessonline. Most often the vertical alignment is fixed by project hydraulic constraints.North American Microtunneling defining the ground conditions through subsurface investigations. straightness and length. and work hour Shafts Shaft locations must also provide enough room for contractor access and egress. Sometimes microtunnel design projects begin as “open cut” and the alignment follows existing streets or other rights of way. based on establishing consistent ground conditions for each tunnel drive whenever shaft site access. cutting head configuration. exterior roundness. However. use of entry/exit seals and bottom heave avoidance measures. will allow the contractor to make optimum use of the microtunneling equipment. pipe diameter. “Shortcuts” should be taken if right-of-way permits and access will allow. power and torque. are urged to: • Be thorough — more subsurface information is usually better • Be thoughtful — small diameter borings are not always the best tool • Engineers! Communicate your results in language contractors can understand • Contractors! Ask questions and get help if you don’t understand the representation of ground conditions in the contract documents Layout and Alignment A well conceived project layout and alignment. There are currently several good jacking pipe alternatives available for microtunneling: • Vitrified Clay Pipe (VCP) • Reinforced Concrete Pipe (RCP) • Steel Pipe • Fiberglass Reinforced Polymer Mortar (FRPM) • Polymer Concrete Pipe (PCP) All of the above pipe products meet the industry tolerances for circumference. Because of the excellent grade control with microtunneling. end squareness. but should be nominally addressed in the design and specifications. Final shaft design is usually left to the contractor. The design might provide M-16 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT . e. Defining Ground Conditions/Subsurface Investigation Good definition of anticipated subsurface conditions is key to contractor and project success. However.

• What can be done to deliver an acceptable project to the owner at a fair price? The design process requires planning and communication between the owner. Settlement can be calculated for soft ground microtunneling using standard predictive equations. mining. The amount and character of fines (minus 200-sieve fraction) in the project soils should be provided to the contractors during project bidding to enable them to design the slurry separation system. He has applied this expertise to a variety of tunneling. successful design comes down to: • Keep it simple • Don’t skimp on subsurface information • Plan carefully for risk mitigation and project (and contractor) success • Communicate clearly Tracy Lyman. potentially resulting in sinkhole formations or large settlements at the ground surface. Each element of project design results from conscious deliberation and optimization to produce project success. mass transit.trenchlessonline. Minimum slurry system performance requirements should be included in the design documents. Slurry System Slurry system selection should be left to the contractor. the business terms/plans/and specifications.ers and contractors. Contract documents should include: • General conditions – the typical ‘boiler plate’ contractual/business terms • Special conditions – any unique contractual/business terms for this contract.E. therefore the designer is encouraged to only document minimum machine requirements. such as plans and specifications • Subsurface information. It answers the questions: • Is it a microtunnel project? • What are the project requirements? • What are the ground conditions? • How will the ground behave in response to microtunneling? • What are the risks of that behavior and are they acceptable to the owner? • What can be done to reduce the project risks to acceptable levels for the owner? • What can be done to provide a project plan that maximizes the contractor’s opportunity to succeed? www. These rely on estimates of ground losses at the face. and/or dispute resolution parameters • Technical provisions.” and clearly delineates the minimum technical requirements needed to achieve project success. differing site conditions (DSC) clause. Good design doesn’t ignore risk. such as any contractor prequalification. utilities and roadway surfaces. Larger ground losses. is a Senior Consultant with Brierley Associates LLC. Good design requires an understanding of what the project is “up against. TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-17 . engineer and any potentially affected third parties. trenchless technology. must clearly communicate expectations and minimum technical project requirements to prospective bidders. water and wastewater infrastructure. shield and tail sections of the For more information visit www.trenchlessonline. hydroelectric.. P . He has over 35 years of experience in geological and geotechnical engineering specializing in rock and soil engineering and hydrogeology. highway and bridge.e.. typically in the form of geotechnical data reports (GDR) and geotechnical baseline reports (GBR) • Payment details and schedule Closing Thoughts Good design is an extremely efficient form of communication. P . water development. often accompany mixed face conditions where a harder/stiffer soil occurs in the lower portion of the tunnel face or where obstructions are encountered in the lower portion of the tunnel face. and industrial waste management and remediation projects throughout the United States and abroad. Contract Documents Contract documents. Settlement/Heave and Third-Party Impacts The potential settlement and heave from microtunneling should be estimated during design to enable a risk evaluation of potential impacts to third parties – owners of nearby buildings. Hydrometer tests are necessary to provide the detail required for slurry separation system design.G. i. but rather plans for potential problems and seeks to minimize the potential adverse impacts of those problems on the construction process. In summary.

the Middle East. The company thus took its name from that island where phosphate ore was mined as a key ingredient of fertilizer. they discussed that most Asian microtunneling projects include curved drives. recently in Tokyo. Construction Machinery Division of Rasa Corporation. Overseas Section of Rasa Industries.000 microtunneling systems. Thus. It also has a Chemicals Division and an Electronic Materials Division. asa Industries. In fact. and Noboru Kiyota. and China. is the newest entrant into the growing North American microtunneling market.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Rasa Tunneling Gains Foothold in North American Market By Bernie Krzys Rasa microtunneling systems have been used on projects in Hawaii (above) and Alabama (below). Rasa’s microtunneling and pipejacking systems have developed an excellent track record around the world with a focus on Southeast Asia. It has revenue of over $400 million. which is located southeast of . Japan. The company got its start in microtunneling in about 1980 and has since produced 1. Rasa is a publicly traded company on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Microtunneling is part of the company’s Machinery Division. based in Tokyo. they discussed that outside www.trenchlessonline. the company’s expansion into North America brings with it extensive experience. Rasa’s company goal is to “produce many kinds of industrial products that helps create a comfortable living environment for people everywhere.” Rasa was founded in 1907 when the company’s founder discovered phosphate on an uninhibited remote island called Rasa. M-18 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT R In meeting with Tadao Ando.

Due to the varying size of pipes to be installed — 78 and 96 in.240-ft curved drive that will use Meyer Polycrete pipe.000 metric tons of maximum thrust. with the final drive being a 1. the machine was built with access to the face and the ability to employ compressed air to maintain pressure. Rasa MTBM currently on the Beachwalk Force Main project in Hawaii for the City and County of Honolulu. The Rasa Unicorn 1900 slurry machine features an electrically driven cutterhead with face access to change the cutters.000 Newton meters of torque.105 mm (82. pipe to replace temporary pipelines that were installed after a massive pipeline break in 2006. The first two Rasa microtunneling systems brought into North America were acquired by Bradshaw Construction. Recent difficult projects have included long curved drives in Hong Kong and Korea in difficult ground conditions. has its 82-in. and Rasa committed to building the size we needed within the timeframe we needed Trenchless Technology publisher Bernie Krzys (center) recently met with Rasa’s Noboru Kiyota (left) and Tadao Ando in Tokyo..25 in. For more information visit www.of North America probably 90 percent of the microtunneling projects include a curved drive.The Tokyo Keiki system includes an alarm and continues to operate the microtunneling system should it go off target. of Seattle. The project consisted of four microtunnel drives and eight shafts – four launch shats 24 ft in diameter and four receiving shafts 16 ft in diameter.” Bradshaw Construction microtunneling manager Grahame Turnbull said. Pipe typically installed in Japan is concrete with some clay. Because of the need to cross under the canal (twice) with no allowances for rescue shafts. Md. Indianapolis and Florida.) with a factory-built skin set and cutterhead that enlarged the diameter to 2.800 lf of 72-in. Pipe diameters typically installed by Rasa machines have been in the range of 40 to 104 in. in diameter.trenchlessonline.470 mm (97. Four of the five drives have been completed using Hobas pipe. Bradshaw purchased a system that was custom built for a project in Alabama that had requirements regarding allowable overcut. Bradshaw has used its Rasa system on projects in Alabama. upgradeable to 1. This innovative system provides real time data with a laser guides system. The $37 million project involves the installation of TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-19 . A unique feature of Rasa microtunneling system is the Tokyo Keiki Gyro Guidance System (Compass Mode). When complete. Microtunneling in North America continues to gain traction and now Rasa provides another equipment solution and guidance system for contractors to choose. Both companies have a long history in tunneling and underground construction projects. The main jacks provided 1. — a custom-built 82.87 in. The system is a Unicorn 1900. Besides North America. “We looked around the world for any manufacturer we could find.500 metric tons. based in Eldersburg. Bernie Krzys is publisher of Trenchless Technology.). the project will allow removal of the temporary piping www. The base machine had a diameter of 2. Rasa is entering markets in Qatar and India. and provide a redundant means of transporting wastewater out of Waikiki. The drives ranged from 114 to 213 ft under railroad tracks and busy roadways with shallow cover. The machine provides 340. Frank Coluccio Construction Co. in some cases as little as 4 ft. MTBM allowed the contractor to skin up the machine and use the same equipment for both tunnel runs. and Frank Coluccio Construction Co.87-in.

Instead of digging a rescue shaft. presumed to be a boulder or rock shelf. the project team working together to continue What Lies Beneath The soil along the Balch Consolidation Conduit was characterized by the geotechnical engineer as Guilds Lake Alluvium. CSOs will have been reduced from approximately 6 billion gallons to 250 million gallons annually. such as the West Side and East Side CSO Tunnels. Five launch and reception shafts were constructed at depths ranging from 35 to 75 ft deep in soil zones where dewatering has to be minimized to prevent the movement of www. sluiced gravel and wood railroad trestles. and clay with minor constituents of fine grained sand. The water levels of the nearby Willamette River also influence the groundwater pressures. clayey silt. Portland’s program includes several other landmark projects. sand. This drive through aggressive gravels had proven difficult to microtunnel on previous projects in the Portland area. the machine hit a large object. a former lake filled in with a M-20 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT . variable groundwater pressures were also present. When the initial borings were drilled throughout this section. The Balch Consolidation Conduit is one of the final elements of Portland’s CSO program that will convey combined sewer and stormwater flows from northwest Portland to the Swan Island Pump Station. The groundwater levels ranged from 10 to 15 ft below the ground surface. including incineration and metals processing activities.690 ft beneath a heavily traveled highway. When the program is complete.115 ft of 54-in. microtunneling in a single drive. cobbles and boulders and a cemented gravel unique to Portland called Troutdale formation. which consists of very soft to medium stiff silt. fluctuating seasonally. Contaminated groundwater was also present along the alignment from sources associated with historic industrial activity in the project area.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Microtunneling the Balch Consolidation Conduit T he City of Portland (Ore. Other variable and challenging subsurface conditions encountered along the 8. High. microtunneling in five drives and 1. All microtunnel drives were a minimum of 1. During the drive.100 ft with the longer drive of the project of 1. variety of soft lake sediments.) Bureau of Environmental Services (BES) is in the final phase of constructing an underground tunnel network to reduce combined sewer overflow (CSO) into the Willamette River.900 ft of 84-in. and a former landfill.trenchlessonline.000 ft of microtunnel alignment included gravel. Digging It The project included 6. some of the vertical borings had blow counts that were less than 3 blows per ft at the planned elevation of the pipeline.

More than 100 contract awards have been made to MWESB firms.900 gallons of fuel saved. Re-use of the tunnel tailings for shaft backfill also reduced waste destined for landfills. Utilities in the project area were known to be a major concern during construction. line. however. Rather than using secant piles and sheet piles for support of the shaft excavation. During the pre-construction services agreement (PSA) phase.ments and offered a number of value engineering solutions resulting in significant changes and savings. Without prior experience in similar soils. underground telecommunications and railroad lines to be adjusted or protected prior to construction. gas pipelines. Equal Opportunity The City of Portland prides itself on its city-wide program to promote the use of minority. women.725 million in the construction phase. revealed that it would also reduce the amount of waste generated. The method had no track record of success in the types of soils on site – a very aggressive.4 million of opportunities for MWESB participation.200 tons of waste to go to landfills also reduced fuel consumption by over 8. hard fluvial deposition of basalt and quartzite gravels. The impact of the collaborative working relationship resulted in significant savings to the city. Early identification and coordination with a variety of service providers enabled waterline. MWESB participation exceeded 430 percent (more than $14. and a corresponding reduction in the transportation of import fill to the project site. overhead power. With the project complete.000 tons of material no longer destined for a landfill. results in a true partnership between the owner. the overall cost of the project was reduced by over $15 million during the PSA phase and by over $3. In terms of economic sustainability. The Portland Method allowed the city to work closely with the contractor to develop an MWESB plan during the PSA Phase. The contractor proposed to use CSM for the temporary support of excavation of the six shafts and for ground improvement outside of the shafts and on one tunneling run through very low strength soils. Expanding Boundaries During the construction phase. the contractor submitted a method for support of shaft excavation and ground improvement that was untested in Oregon. The CSM was initially proposed for cost and schedule savings. with few opportunities for using MWESBs. • MTBM Supplier: Herrenknecht TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-21 Teamwork The Balch project was awarded under a variant of the typical construction manager/general contractor contract known as the Portland Method. designer and contractor where risk is shared equitably and the parties are participants in the decision-making process. The elimination of 13. cobbles and boulders overlain by a stratified sand/silt. over 7. cutter soil mixing (CSM) was proposed. Further investigation. The Balch Consolidation Conduit project is primarily a microtunneling project. Major cost savings realized during the PSA phase included the decision to microtunnel rather than open-cut the . revisiting the need for sewer improvements on a portion of the alignment and the redesign and reconfiguration of several shafts. The shafts were constructed using the cutter soil mixing (CSM) method. This plan initially identified $3. contamination plumes.000 gallons. emerging small businesses (MWESBs). the owner was reluctant to approve this change. The Portland Method also allowed the city to work closely with the contractor throughout construction to explore non-traditional opportunities for optimizing MWESB participation. This translated into over 4. originally implemented by Portland BES for the West Side CSO project. This flexible method had never been used in Oregon and would prove to be adaptable to the wide range of ground conditions and shaft configurations required on the project. • Project Owner: City of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services • Engineer: Kennedy/Jenks Consultants • Contractor: James W .trenchlessonline. The project is also the first known use of CSM panels for ground support. This approach. Fowler Co.7 million) of the goal set at the start of construction. the project team reviewed specific high-cost elewww.

HDPE and one 4-in. M-22 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT n the 1990s. Hobas pipe using an Akkerman GBM under the streets of Houston. But we had some experienced crews and they were able to get started boring right away. “We have several Akkerman boring machines so we knew the Akkerman product and knew its reliability. Boyer chose guided boring to install about 7. and with similar successes. When we got the machine.trenchlessonline. so we decided to use the Akkerman GBM for this project. The program represented the first large-scale use of microtunneling in the United States and helped establish it as a viable trenchless method. www. It was Boyer’s first time using the guided boring method. CenterPoint hired Houston-based Boyer Inc.” The guided boring method consists of a three-pass system.” he said.000 ft of 30-in. “We also knew that Akkerman had the support systems in place so that if we had any questions they could definitely help us I . provider of electrical service to 2 million businesses and residences in the Houston area.400 lf of pipe. one of their technicians came in and he gave us some pointers and we started drilling.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Guided Boring in Houston Boyer Inc. Finally. used an Akkerman Guided Boring Machine to install 20-ft lengths of 30-in. The product pipe is pulled behind the Powered Cutting Head. though. Fast-forward 20 years and Houston is now employing guided boring/pilot tube microtunneling on a large scale. In this case. pipe to house 138 kV cables via three individual 8-in. HDPE conduit lines with a thermally conductive grout fill. The first phase involves drilling a pilot hole using a theodolite guidance system. is upgrading overhead lines with approximately 10. CenterPoint Energy. to install more than 2 miles of 30-in. Installs 7. Conduit By Jim Rush Boyer Inc. according to Boyer project manager Barry Buse. but installation went off without a hitch. it is not being used for wastewater.000 ft of 30-in. diameter Hobas pipe in Houston. a Powered Cutting Head is used to expand the hole to its final diameter. Houston was known as the “Microtunneling Capital of the United States” because of the ambitious Great Houston Wastewater Program. followed by a reaming pass using augered casings.

began boring in April 2011 and finished in October. a crew building pits in advance of the boring TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-23 . Boyer used three crews on the project: a boring crew. The pits were typically 12 ft wide and 30 ft long. Traffic was able to flow pretty regularly at all times. diameter pipe. in diameter and used a 32-in. phase two of the project will begin next year. Buse sees an opportunity for more work involving electric in the future. “One of the key factors in doing this is making sure you have a large enough pit to get your product in the ground.” Buse said. “We were using 20 ft joints so our bore pits were 30 ft in length so we had room to work.” he said. and a pit deconstruction crew that followed. Pit depths ranged from 20 to 30 ft deep to help alleviate utility conflicts. “The productivity we were able to achieve was probably double what we would get with conventional equipment. Boyer Inc. averaging around 400 ft per be microtunneled. The length of the pit was determined by the length of pipe – in this case 20-ft lengths of Hobas were installed. Powered Cutting Head to leave room for the 30-in. Groundwater encountered in the pits was removed using dewatering pumps.” Buse said the boring crew was typically in a location 8 to 10 days before completing the bore and moving to the next launching pit location. “It is becoming more and more common to put these types of cables in urban areas. In fact. Boyer worked with Baroid in customizing a drilling fluid recipe for lubricating and maintaining the hole in the Beaumont clay that was encountered along most of the alignment. Buse said. which was accomplished on several occasions.trenchlessonline. “The City of Houston was very happy with us using the guided boring machine because we didn’t disturb their major thoroughfares.” he said. the majority of which will www. In all. Boyer reported a long drive of 470 ft.In Boyer’s case.5 miles of pipe across downtown Houston. For more information visit www. Staging equipment was critical in keeping the operation moving while also minimizing disruption to the traffic. Jim Rush is editor of Trenchless Technology. Boyer completed 16 shots using the guided boring method. and a best day of 180 ft. and will include 1.” Buse said. crews reamed the hole to 16 in. other than where we had our pits.trenchlessonline.

with seven individual bores ranging from 816 to 2. Indianapolis. “The Rockhead was the best suited to the project conditions based on our previous experience with similar Robbins machines. An existing sewer pipe was installed in 1978 directly into the creek.. self-propelled TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT . The pipe has now dumped raw sewage into the creek on several occasions. Twopass tunneling with a Double Shield Rockhead was also more cost effective than microtunneling when we prepared our estimates. Ind.430 ft of tunnel in total.” said Steve Abernathy. to excavate 9. Original plans called for microtunneling or two-pass tunneling with a convention TBM.. putting some sections at high risk of failure. The project consists of seven gravity sewer tunnels crisscrossing the waterway. www. is responsible for construction of a new and higher capacity pipeline far below the creek bed. Midwest Mole opted to use a conventional TBM with a Robbins Rockhead. Each crossing is connected by a 32 ft diameter launch and receiving shaft. diameter hard rock. The contractor is utilizing a 72-in. with a total of eight shafts in all.trenchlessonline. The shafts will eventually become fiberglass manhole structures to access the new pipeline.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Long Distance for Small-bore TBM Shayler Run Segment C Sewer Replacement Project Sets New Standard hio’s Shayler Run Segment C Sewer Replacement project near Cincinnati was identified as a priority project due to severe pipeline erosion at Shayler Creek. and since then the environment has exposed the pipe to the elements. vice president of operations at Midwest Mole. The Clermont County Water Resources Department is working to remedy the situation with a $15 million project — one of the largest in the agency’s history — that will replace and upgrade the exposed M-24 O sewer system while protecting the environmentally sensitive area.014 ft long. All seven of the tunnels and the eight manhole shafts are expected to be complete by May 2012. General contractor Midwest Mole Inc.

014 ft. was custom designed by The Robbins Company. hardrock tunneling machine on seven tunnels is unprecedented. and conveyor installation during the start of each tunnel. as well as a cutterhead opening for cutter Tunnel design called for a primary liner of ring beams and lagging. Changes included modifying the hydraulic system for increased gripper strength and roll correction in extremely soft. This project is an excellent example of all parties working together — project owner. We have gotten great production with the Rockhead and are currently right on schedule. changing to harder. The hard rock cutterhead is dressed with 11. requiring temporary diversion of the waterway. Crews cleaned the machine several times and carefully monitored gripper slippage in the soft. based on the ground conditions encountered while tunneling. the tunnels were predicted to travel through different strata including softer shale and limestone for the first 3. Crews can switch out the cutterhead between crossings in one of the launch/receiving shafts. Crews have the option to switch out the cutterhead between crossings in one of the launch/receiving shafts.5-in. a muck train consisting of a battery-operated locomotive and three muck cars removes spoils from the tunnel.” Overall. known as a Double Shield Rock- head. Midwest Mole needed a machine that could hit the specified manhole locations within a foot of line at 1 percent to 2 percent grade. The long excavations are particularly challenging due to the small tunnel diameter.” Excavation in mixed ground conditions due to the gravity sewer construction also posed challenges. This summer. Each tunnel is at a slightly different grade to maintain specified slope. The variance results in a change of 177 vertical ft over the course of the project. drier shale and limestone for the later tunnels — up to 24. but we would need larger size fans for longer tunnels.” Abernathy said. contract. The tunneling machine. Other modifications were made to the muck haulage system — specifically to increase the volume of the muck car boxes.2 million to $14. thus producing 80 to 120 ft per day. M-25 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT . the machine excavated its fifth and longest tunnel. “Our ventilation has a limited duct diameter due to the small diameter of the tunnel. which is set every 5 ft following each machine push. launch. and equipment manufacturer. based on the ground conditions encountered while tunneling. The greater capacity boxes allowed the machine to be ready to mine after one ring set was completely built. resulting in greater production and less downtime. The swift advance comes despite some unforeseen difficulties — the crew tunneled just 4 ft below a creek bed into highly saturated ground.The Double Shield Rockhead was designed with a mixed ground cutterhead that can be changed out for a hard rock cutterhead later on. as well as removal of the machine after it breaks through each shaft.trenchlessonline.5-in. Limited space for ventilation allows for adequate air lines up to around 2. diameter single disc cutters and abrasion-resistant muck scrapers. per minute in low strength shale using the mixed ground cutterhead. single disc cutters and carbide bits. www.000 psi UCS. measuring 2. and are consistently in the range of 40 to 60 ft per shift. The muck will be used as back-fill around some of the shaft sites after project completion. Midwest Mole also worked extensively with the machine manufacturer to optimize and modify the machine based on the ground conditions encountered in the first tunnel.000 ft. often wet rock. The value engineering resulted in substantial cost savings — lowering the estimated construction price from $15. Original plans called for 11 shafts and 10 tunnels. The machine was mounted with a mixed ground cutterhead that could be changed out for a hard rock cutterhead later on. “We can adequately ventilate 2.5 million – and a shortened project schedule. As a result of the elevation change. After each ring is built.000 ft tunnels. The mixed ground cutterhead features 6. The Midwest Mole crew reported advance rates averaging 6 in. he feels that the method has worked well for the long tunnels at Shayler Run: “We have become very efficient at setup. Production rates have been as high as 70 ft in one 12-hour shift. combined with large openings in the cutterhead to ingest mixed ground and to allow for cutter changes. but Midwest Mole worked with the project owner to obtain new easement rights. The use of a small-diameter.000 ft. and potentially as fill on private property in the area. change the alignment and reduce the number of bores. meaning the length of the fifth tunnel is at the upper limit of possibility. wet ground during machine pushes.

trenchlessonline. the project specifications called for a remote-controlled microtunneling machine in order to handle the native soil. rocks and large cobles. successfully completed the installation of a 36-in. including microtunneling throughout New Jersey. Originally. Massachusetts. Delaware. N. the soil boring logs did not show this soil condition being present. to handle the trenchless portion of the water system distribution improvements. Connecticut. Cruz is no stranger to microtunneling projects.North American Microtunneling 2011 Industry Review Pilot Tube Tunneling in New York Cruz Contractors LLC Successfully Completes First Pilot Tube Microtunneling Project with ICON Tunnel Systems C ruz Contractors LLC of Holmdel. However. Cruz was subcontracted by Arben Group LLC of Pleasantville. New Hampshire. N.. The project called for 210 lf of 36-in. steel casing under the Taconic Parkway and Metro North Railway with the assistance of ICON Tunnel Systems and its pilot tube microtunneling technology for the first time.. New York. North Carolina and Virginia. M-26 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT www.Y.J. Since 1951. which was thought to consist of . the company has been a major player for infrastructure projects. steel casing to be installed under the Taconic Parkway and Metro North Railway.

were on site to assist with the proper installation of both jacking and receiving pits and worked side-by-side with Cruz during the pilot tube machine setup and operation. in diameter. ICON Tunnel Systems Pilot Tube Operator. fixed rail.5 in.” says Pillari. Once the pilot rods were installed on line and grade.The logs actually indicated soft sands. Vice President of ICON Tunnel Systems. manufacturing and distribution.92 ft were used for the initial pilot bore. which are 30 to 40 percent stronger than other rail systems and versatile enough to handle three different types of bracing including. Because of this. some of which were 14 in.. “We experienced relatively low jacking and torque pressures while installing the pilot rods. keeping the project on schedule. “We were able to muscle our way through these difficult areas using the sheer power of the BM600LS and successfully install the steel casing on line and grade without disruptions to the highway or Metro North Railway.J. Cruz felt the remote-controlled microtunneling equipment would not be the solution because of the amount of equipment needed and large jobsite layout required.” “The pilot tube machine was the perfect fit for this project and has allowed us to expand our services for future short run pipe installations on line and grade. The steel adapter head would increase the bore from 5. During the installation of the 36-in. design.5 ft long by 13. traces of small gravel and clay silts. roller rail and angled raker bracing. leasing and equipment rentals. ICON provided site specific engineering submittals with paper calculations and drawings with a New York P. This article was supplied by ICON Tunnel Systems.” Since 1982.trenchlessonline. “The large opening of the 36-in.” says Dominic Pillari. Large double wall pilot tube rods with an outside diameter of 5.” —Dominic Pillari chine setup and operation. “We recommended the BM600LS pilot tube machine for the project due to its powerful 262 tons of jacking force and 22. ICON supplied their new Transformer Rails for the side rail system. and a length of 4. Once the adapter head was attached.” says Langenbach. In addition. In addition. ICON also supplied Arben Group LLC with the required slide rail jacking and receiving pits for the pilot tube microtunneling operation. engineering.186.” says Langenbach. along with Cruz and Arben worked with engineering firm Malcolm Pirnie. stamp for our slide rail shoring systems used on the project. Cruz contacted ICON Tunnel Systems for advice and inquired about the Bohrtec pilot tube microtunneling system. casing.83 ft-lbs of torque in case we encountered any unforeseen difficult soil conditions. “ICON worked seamlessly with Arben in setting the shoring for the tunnel access pits and worked carefully with our crew during the pilot tube mawww. ICON has steadily grown in technology and expertise to become a full-service trench shoring and pilot tube guided boring company and industryleader in underground construction projects. crews encountered several areas with large boulders.E. to 36 in. and Westchester County to successfully modify the pipe installation method on the project specification to allow for pilot tube microtunneling. ICON reviewed the soil reports and determined that pilot tube microtunneling was a feasible alternative to the remote-controlled microtunnel machine specified. “The pilot tube machine was the perfect fit for this project and has allowed us to expand our services for future short run pipe installations on line and grade. “We worked closely with all parties in order to properly incorporate the pilot tube microtunneling pipe installation method into the project specification. Chief Project Manager of Cruz Contractors LLC. David Crandall.12 ft wide by 12 ft deep. They made our first pilot tube project a true success.12 ft wide by 14 ft deep and the receiving pit was 24 ft long by 13. of Fair Lawn. Operations Manager for ICON Tunnel Systems. sale and lease of trench shoring equipment. “The augers are placed inside the steel casing and can be moved independently from the casing to assist with the material removal process.5 in.” says Langenbach. Andrew Kerry. the work area would be very tight as the jacking pit for the microtunnel would be placed at the edge of a cemetery. and Rob Langenbach. casing allowed the larger material and potential obstructions to enter the casing at which point the augers would pull all of the material back to the jacking pit where it was then removed. “ICON was with us every step of the project and really showcased their services from engineering and planning to shoring and tunneling. The jacking pit size was 20.” says Pillari. they attached the first auger and steel casing to the adapter head.” “Having the specification modified to meet the pilot tube pipe installation method was a huge advantage and saved everyone time and money on the project. Cruz and ICON would attach a steel adapter head to the last pilot rod. TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-27 .” says Crandall. ICON has the in-house resources to handle projects of any size in any location across North America and provide a comprehensive line of services that include consulting. Being heavily involved in rental.

Akkerman SL 51 MTBM to complete six drives through soft. and one 140-lf drive of 42-in. The job began on June 20 and completed on Sept. has completed the $2. while the 24-in.. and ended on July 20. 15 ft deep in sand and silt.000 ft radius) that will use Meyer Polycrete pipe. mixed ground conditions. Microtunneling included the installation of 2. cobbles and gravels. RCP and 550 ft of 72-in.North American Microtunneling Job Log CALIFORNIA San Francisco The $37. to complete the work.2 million Dahlia Ponds and Kenwood Outfall project for the Adams County Urban Drainage using an Akkerman SL 51 MTBM. rescue handtunnel in running sands. is using a 82-in. a division of BT Construction Inc. ILLINOIS Chicago Super Excavators has completed microtunneling on the Calumet Area Systems. The rescue handtunnel was required as a result of failed attempt by a previous contractor.240-ft curved drive (1. Iseki Unclemole to complete the job.000 ft of 24-in. Bradshaw Construction is using three different MTBMs to complete the work: a Herrenknecht AVN-1500 (73. Super Excavators completed the drive using an Akkerman SL 74. COLORADO Adams County BTrenchless Inc.trenchlessonline. the work site is residential street with restrictions on working space and working hours. Permalok steel casing in two drives to relocate a 10-in. 2010. The project consisted of 280 ft of 42-in. Sarasota Huxted Tunneling is working on the Lift Station 87 project for the City of Sarasota as a subcontractor to Westra Construction. Hartford Northeast Remsco Construction has completed the Garden Street Relief Sewer Project for the Metropolitan District Commission. OD Iseki Unclemole and an 89-in. 1-2.). The project is located in tight construction corridors with remnants of the old Fitzsimons army hospital located throughout the project. 20 ft deep in siltstone. RCP through weak silts and clays using a Herrenknecht AVN 1200T. The San Francisco Public Utilities Commission was the owner and Jacobs Associates was the designer. micotunnel in running sands. sanitary sewer main that conflicts with the alignment of the new Port of Miami Tunnel connecting the mainland and Watson Island. RCP completed in two drives at an average depth of 30 ft through extremely soft slit/clay below water table. Crews will push in 42-in. Both drives were 20 ft deep through lime rock. The tunnel was constructed under I-76 with shallow cover and contaminated groundwater system up to 2. Permalok steel casing 30 ft deep in sand. 730 lf. www. RCP at an average depth of 20 ft through extremely soft silt/clay above water table. The tunnel crossed under a live 25mgd sewer line with 18 in. the machine was built with access to the face and the ability to employ compressed air to maintain pressure.). The tunnels included a crossing of the Florida Turnpike with just 6 ft of cover. 1. Additionally. VCP in two drives. Hobas pipe as a carrier pipe. The project was completed in January 2011. Work began in July 2011 and is scheduled for a February 2012 completion. The job started on Dec.). The $37 million project involves the installation of 5. ICON Engineering was the engineer. 6. The drives ranged from 15 to 30 ft deep through lime rock. clay and limestone. one 43-in.. drives began in September with an anticipated completion date of January 2012. The engineer is Tighe & Bond. and an Akkerman-420 (52. Crews are using Iseki Unclemoles. OD. A 42-in. drives are expected to begin in April 2012 and end in June 2012. Section 2 project for the City of Chicago Department of Water Management. RCP at an average depth of 25 ft through extremely soft slit/clay below water table. Drive lengths are 520 lf. tation in September 2011. gravels and cobbles. The 36-in. Additional slurry separation efforts were required due to high percentage of fine soils.500 ft of 48-in. vitrified clay pipe (VCP) in three drives. Permalok steel casing installed under a state highway 20 ft deep in sand. OD Iseki Unclemole to install 210 ft of 60-in.5 million Sunnydale Auxiliary Sewer includes a 617-ft drive of 84-in. Iseki Unclemole to install 290 ft of 30-in. is about 60 percent complete on the $14 million Tollgate North project for the City of Aurora. 945 lf. 234 lf. The general contractor was Di Paolo.800 lf of 72-in.000 gpm. water main will be placed in the casing. and 1. Forcemain project for the Jacksonville Electric Authority in November 2011. The job involved 240 lf of 54-in. The project involves constructing a sanitary sewer main under I-225 and includes three crossings of Tollgate Creek. Crews are using a 54-in. The project consists of 1. Huxted used a 31-in. The project began in April and is expected to be complete by August FLORIDA Fort Lauderdale Huxted Tunneling completed the I-595 Corridor Roadway Improvements microtunnels for the Florida Department of TransporM-28 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT . 480 lf and 215 lf. OD and one 31in. Four of the five drives have been completed using Hobas pipe. completed 350 ft of 60-in. CONNECTICUT Hartford The Granby Street Area Sewer Separation Project 2/5 for the Metropolitan District Commission involves one 900-lf drive of 60in. Huxted. Huxted used a 43-in. The project was completed in August 2011. 16.5 in. Contract No. CDM is the engineer. HAWAII Honolulu Frank Coluccio Construction Co. Herrenknecht AVN-1200 (60 in. Because of the need to cross under the canal (twice) with no allowances for rescue shafts. It also included 60 lf of 84-in. Huxted used a 61-in. Aurora BTrenchless Inc. The project consisted of a single 740-lf drive of 48-in. Hobas pipe.5 in. Venice Huxted Tunneling completed a water main crossing for the Peace River Manasota Regional Water Supply Authority as a subcontracter to Garney Construction. working as a subcontractor to Dragados. reinforced concrete pipe installed in three drives. Rasa MTBM to build the Beachwalk Force Main project for the City and County of Honolulu. pipe to replace temporary pipelines that were installed after a massive pipeline break in 2006. Jacksonville Huxted Tunneling completed the Royal Lakes 24-in. Crews used a 74-in. and in contaminated groundwater. Miami Huxted Tunneling in March competed the Port of Miami Sewer Relocation project for the Miami Dade Water and Sewer Department working as a subcontractor to Bouygues Civil Works. The shafts reached depths of 28 ft. RCP storm water pipes.120 lf of 72in. OD Herrenknecht AVN. of cover and met with previous tunneled casing on line and grade.400 ft of 36-in. with the final drive being a 1.

25 ft deep. which started in February and finished in April. with microtunneling comprising $3. casing under the New Jersey Turnpike. and 945 lf of 48-in. The 37-in. Phase 1 consists of the installation of 4. completed in one drive. W . through soft ground. 780 lf.63 million Potomac Interceptor project for Arlington County involves construction of 240 lf of 48-in. silty clay and decomposed rock. RCP (52. Howard County The Little Patuxent Parallel Interceptor Sewer. Huxted was working as a subcontractor to Building Crafts Inc. Ground conditions included silty sand. Weehawken Cruz Contractors LLC is constructing the 18th Street Pumping Station CSO Force Main and Outfall with a contract price of $3. Hobas fiberglass pipe at an average depth of 50 ft. Ground conditions included silty sands and gravels. IOWA Centerville Huxted Tunneling completed the Lake Rathbun Water Intake project for the Rathbun Water District in March 2011. which ran from April to August. The project began Nov. Ground conditions were mixed face.000 ft. Waldorf The $2. 6. Bradshaw Construction was the microtunneling contractor. Bradshaw is using a Herrenknecht AVN 1200 for the microtunnels. fiberglass reinforced pipe inside 60 in. An additional crossing beneath Keystone Avenue Bridge went between the bridge’s foundations. There was a total of three drives. 21and 30-in. The project involved the installation of 1. PVC in 60-in. 675 lf and 480 lf.200.988. steel casing in two microtunneled crossings under raised highways. Crews used a Herrenknecht AVN 1200 to complete this $835. 2011. The general contract was bid at $5.000 project. Bradshaw Construction was the microtunneling contractor. steel casing by in two bores. United Consulting was the engineer.5 million and shafts $1. TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-29 . and Dewberry & Davis LLC was the engineer. This subcontact is valued at $6. The project includes the construction of seven 35-ft deep shafts and six tunnel runs totaling 4. Works is about 66 percent complete. The project began Jan. The project included the following components: 346 lf of 8-in. Iseki Unclemole MTBM was launched from a 50-ft deep caisson shaft and drove through clay and limestone into a wet recovery. is the general contractor. The project was delayed from June 2010 to November 2010 as a result of flooding that left the site under 10 ft of water. The project. completed in two drives. microtunneled casing. MARYLAND Baltimore Cruz Contractors LLC is constructing the Improvements to Herring Run Interceptors – Phase I project for the City of Baltimore with a contract price of $11. OHIO Akron Michels Tunneling is installing 42. installation of approximately 155 lf of 8-. F. 2012. NEW YORK New York Cruz Contractors LLC was hired by Tutor Perini to install 2. and lining an existing 24-in. while the expected ground conditions for the concrete portion is rock. forcemain using open-cut excavation and approximately 290 lf of 48-in. Flippo Construction Inc. and CDM is the engineer. sewer pipe for the City of Akron. 1. Each run ranged from 300 ft to more than 1. 1. NEW JERSEY Carteret Cruz Contractors LLC is building the $2. The ground conditions for steel casing are expected to be soft ground. gravity sewers in the adjacent area. The job started in November 2011 and is expected to be completed in May 2012. was the engineer. sanitary sewer. Bradshaw Construction used a Herrenknecht AVN 1200 to complete the job. Estimated completion date is Jan. is estimated to be completed in spring 2012. The project generally consists of microtunnel installation of approximately 760 lf of VIRGINIA Arlington The $2. fiberglass reinforced pipe in 60-in. cobbles and boulders below the groundwater table (+/-5ft below ground surface). and 1. Bradshaw Construction is the microtunneling contractor. The drives had an average cover of 10 to 20 ft and traversed coarse sand. carrier pipe in Crossing 2. and was completed on June 15. also 13 ft deep at shaft locations with a maximum cover of 30 ft.and 48-in. 309 lf of 15-in. OD) in four drives: 805 lf. and was completed in June 2011.200 lf of 48-in. Microtunneling was conducted in the Ravenswood neighborhood of Indianapolis beneath Howland Ditch and Riverwood Park. The second crossing was 205 lf. Columbia The Little Patuxent Parallel Interceptor Sewer – Section 11 project for Howard County involved the installation of 60-in.trenchlessonline. 2. sanitary sewer interceptor in a 48-in. RCP installed by MTBM. direct jacked reinforced concrete pipe in two bores. clay pipe installed by GBM. RCP by microtunneling for 15 crossings under the MTA railroad in Queens.9 million.328 ft of 48in. Bradshaw used a Herrenknecht AVN-1200 to drive the tunnels.Section 9 project for Howard County involved 514 lf of 36-in.740 lf of 42-in. the project required two mobilizations. Cleveland Super Excavators completed the $6 million Walworth Run Interceptor project for the Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District using an Akkerman SL 60 MTBM.2 million Turnpike Sanitary Sewer Crossing project for the Borough of Carteret.208 lf of 30-in.5 in. Bradshaw used a Herrenknecht AVN-1000 for the tunneling.538. The project will be carried out in two phases. clay pipe installed by GBM. WISCONSIN Milwaukee The $4. The ground conditions were saturated sands and silts with many boulders and cobbles.204 Bluemound Road-North 79th Street to Glenview Avenue project for the City of Milwaukee Department of Public Works was completed by Super Excavators using an Akkerman guided boring machine and an Akkerman SL 30 MTBM. 2010.7 million.209 lf of 60-in. Of the 4. 25 ft deep. Bradshaw installed 36-in. carrier pipe in Crossing 1 and 30-in. American Infrastructure was the general contractor and Dewberry & Davis was the engineer.600 lf of 42-in. steel casing that was completed in five drives www. Ground conditions consisted of stiff wet clays with cobbles. 6. Wilson & Sons was the general contractor.120 lf of sanitary sewers ranging between 8 and 54 in. The work includes the installation of approximately 270 lf of 48-in.75 million.120 lf. in one drive. steel casing.INDIANA Indianapolis The Castleton Relief Sewer Project – Phase 1 for Citizens Energy Group (formerly the City of Indianapolis Department of Public Works) involved installation of 2. The project involved one drive of 36-in. DLZ Ohio Inc. forcemain to be installed in a 66-in. 13 ft deep at shaft locations with a maximum cover of 30 ft. The contract had a tight schedule and included early completion incentives for the contractor. The first tunnel is complete and the second tunnel scheduled for mobilization on Dec.58 million Piney Branch Sewer Interceptor Upgrade Phase I project for Charles County involved installation of 1. which is a major upgrade to the sanitary sewer system in Akron. and Black & Veatch was the tunneling consultant. featuring a newly constructed public Spray Park. coated and lined Permalok Type 7 raw water intake pipe. The first crossing was 420 lf.6 million. 2011. gravel. and 2.253 ft — 1. Due to work restrictions. 25 ft deep.925 ft of 42-in.500 lf is to be microtunneled. Bradshaw Construction was the general contract. The project was completed in an urban environment.

Barbco recently unveiled the TRIBOR System. Motor drives and peripheral devices are controlled by an environmentally hardened PLC that offers operating flexibility and data storage.800 tons. High capacity fine solids removal enables contractors to more efficiently maintain desired drilling fluid properties. which combines three common methods of trenchless installation. Supplied with factory manufactured cushion rings. The BM400LSC machine has been designed to install large diameter jacking pipes with a maximum outside diameter of 36 in.000 to . an incorporated dual-feed pump to power all TBM sizes. auger boring and guided pilot tube boring creating one very versatile drilling machine. The products are serviced and handled by ICON Tunnel Systems. In addition to the Pathfinder system. Bohrtec Auger Boring Machine enhanced 5000 Series II Pump Unit features streamlined operation and functions. with reduced mud disposal costs and increased production. Pilot tube boring is a two-step process.North American Microtunneling Products Akkerman 5000 Series II Pump Unit The original 5000 Series Pump Unit.5-ft shaft for a 1-m long pipe with 224 tons of jacking force. 100-hp (74-kW) Totally Enclosed Fan Cooled (TEFC) electric motors provide low-pressure power for the TBM and conveyor at 3.875 psi results in high jacking strengths of up to 2.The completely revamped and casing. diameters and lengths to 10 ft. The second step is to follow the pilot tube with larger diameter casing. a raised operator’s station with ergonomic controls. World record lengths of microtunneling drives have been performed when using Denlok pipes. Choose Denlok for unsurpassed installation success and sustainable low cost ownership. The inverter duty drive system has a 150-hp bowl drive and 60-hp conveyor drive powered by AC drives. eliminating the need for a secondary power source.trenchlessonline. USA. Barbco PATHFINDER/TRIBOR Barbco’s PATHFINDER Pilot Tube Steering System is specifically designed for accuracy when installing line and grade critical Can-Clay Denlok Pipe Denlok jacking pipes offer unsurpassed proven life in sanitary sewer installations.000 lb directional drills. TRIBOR is available in models that are comparable to 150. the PID loop dynamically adjusts pump output to maintain the torque setpoint. The BM400LSC is specially designed to work in conjunction with a 75 kW or 100-hp hydraulic variable speed power pack.5-ft shaft for a 2-m long pipe and a 10. has been a powerful companion on an vast number of pipejacking jobs over the last 30-years. Denlok is offered in sizes from 4 to 48 in. 101 tons of pull back force and 21. Denlok pipes have resulted in successful projects now on six continents. lowpressure. TRIBOR’s strongest mode of operation is directional drilling. A hybrid built for directional drilling. Unlike other machines on the market the jacking frame of the BM400LSC can be easily extended to accommodate a variety of pipe and lengths up to 60 ft. As feed slurry properties change. The PLC controls the feed pump through an AC drive and is automatic or manual.000 psi (207 bar) and up to 120 gpm (454 L/min). Automatic control maximizes centrifuge throughput by employing a Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) loop. The two. The 5000 Series II Pump Unit requires less pit height than its predecessor due to an integrated dual pump feed. Automatic load sensing and feed pump control enables automated performance up to 500 gpm volumetric capacity and 1214 T/Hr of fine solids discharge. ft. Derrick Equipment Centrifuge Derrick Equipment’s DE-7200 VFD (Variable Frequency Drive) Centrifuge provides a new concept in centrifuge operation and control. from a 13. The PATHFINDER is powered by the existing power pack of a conventional auger boring machine. many safety provisions and improved maintenance accessibility. Ceramic pipe is combined with 29 psi joints of 316 stainless steel which results in water tight performance to depths of greater than 70 M-30 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT www.020 ft-lbs of torque. The first step is to establish the bore path with pilot tubes utilizing video surveillance to monitor line and grade. Manufactured under a certified ISO 9001:2008 quality control system. Bohrtec GMBH launches the newest addition to its already impressive product line. Denlok’s high compression strengths of greater than 10. the flagship product for Akkerman and the heart of its all-in-one 5000 Series pipejacking system.

5 percent.trenchlessonline. for axial load transfer during installation. maintenance-free life. shales and slate. size range due to its high compressive strength (18. is designed to install 10to 14-in. pipe ramming. the displaced material is simultaneously removed by a high-power vacuum riage assembly and gearbox. The rack includes the thrust/pullback car- NO-DIG Jacking Pipe NO-DIG Vitrified Clay Jacking Pipe is manufactured in Pittsburg. It is available in sizes from 6 to 144 in. and can maintain grades of less than 0. It provides inherent corrosion resistance. This gravity flow sewer pipe has been used for slurry microtunneling. or Nitrile Elastomer gasket. fiberglassreinforced. Sections join with push-together. A control station features a hydraulic power pack to control the movement of the steering head.HOBAS Jacking Pipe HOBAS centrifugally cast.75 in. system allows contractor to also control the direction of the bore in a lateral (left to right) movement. As the thrust/ pullback carriage assembly moves up the rack. This vitrified clay pipe is manufactured from 100 percent natural materials – a blend of clays. low-profile zero-leakage joint. the AXIS system includes a power unit. manholes.. sure applications and HDD installations. diameter and wall thickness up to 1. tunnel segments and custom castings. 1208M and EN 295-7. gasket-sealed couplings. the leader in polymer concrete product technology. The cutting path — grade and lateral movement — of the steering head is controlled by hydraulic actuated panels that open and close to keep the head on the intended path. Made up of four main components. Key applications are sanitary sewers. As the drill stem cuts its way through the soil. The power unit contains the engine and hydraulic pumps and connects to the rack to power thrust and pull back of the drill stem. Kan. NO-DIG Vitrified Clay Jacking Pipe has been the predominant tunneling pipe material used in the 8 through 36 in. M-31 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT . iNTERpipe Polymers has technical expertise with decades of polymer concrete experience in acid containment and corrosive applications. by Mission Clay Products. auger boring. vacuum pump and vacuum tank. the use of HOBAS pipe is expanding faster than ever and it can be found in most U.S. municipalities. superior hydraulics and a long. Vermeer AXIS Guided Boring System The AXIS guided boring system. This makes it the ideal solution for all trenchless steel pipe installations. McLaughlin Steering Head The McLaughlin ON Target auger boring system steering head allows contractors to not only control horizontal directional www. potable water and cor- changes. providing more accuracy for difficult on-grade bores. but also allows for lateral changes. static pipe bursting. The ON Target Permalok Jacking Pipe Permalok Steel Pipe with its patented Interlocking Press-Fit Connection requires no field welding. the AXIS system is capable of completing flatter grades more accurately. and affordability in the typical 1 or 2 m pipe lengths. Until now auger boring contractors were limited to a steering head that offered only horizontal or grade (up and down) direction changes during the bore. pipe at lengths up to 350 ft. NO-DIG is manufactured with a Precision Ground Joint. iNTERpipe partners with local precast producers to reduce freight costs and increase availability of a full line of corrosion resistant polymer products. Chipboard compression rings. and sliplining casing pipe. iNTERpipe has demonstrated superior durability over existing products by combining inherent corrosion resistance with steel reinforcement per ASTM and industry standards. EPDM. a Polyisoprene. sliplining and tunnel lining for both pressure and gravity applications. pipe jacking and guided boring. Spoil is then diverted to a vacuum storage tank.000 psi average). pilot tube microtunneling (GBM). the gearbox simultaneously provides rotation to the cutter bit at the front of the drill head. rack. are supplied and used at each joint. NO-DIG Pipe meets the specification requirements of ASTM C1208/C. jacking pipe. and a Series 316 Stainless Steel Collar. developed by Vermeer. including microtunneling. iNTERpipe Jacking Pipe iNTERpipe offers pipe. polymer mortar pipe is ideal for nearly every trenchless application including microtunneling/jacking. leak-free. After more than 50 years of reliable service. The drill head uses a flat-face cutter and when combined with the laser guidance system. Newer joint types allow Permalok Steel Pipe to be used in pres- rosive environments. When service conditions call for high performance materials choose iNTERpipe. and a built-in water level helps monitor grade throughout the bore.

Jet Grouting. Cruz Plaza Holmdel. VP N59 W 14601 Bobolink . Demolition E E Cruz & Co. President 505 S. Demolition. Pipe www. MI 48150 734-591-3400 www. Dewatering. Microtunneling. Clifford Kassouf Phil Kassouf 7575 Northfield Road Walton Hills. Pipe Jacking.henkels. WA 98118-5693 United States 206-722-5306 info@coluccio. CO 80640-8459 303-286-0202 www. Tunneling-Large Diameter BRH-Garver Construction Peck Boswell. Ground Freezing & Dewatering. Microtunneling. Large Diameter Shaft Drilling.jwfowler. Pipe Jacking. Pipe Jacking. www. Tunneling-Large Diameter JR Cruz EIC Associates 140 Mountain Ave.eicassociates. Administrative Assistant 849 Osmun Circe Clovis. Auger Boring. Pipe Jacking. Tunneling-Large Diameter. President Eric Eisold. Grouting. IA 50216 641-755-4692 iowatrenchless@msn. 952 Holmdel Rd. Other Nada Pacific Corp. WI 53151 262-814-0100 www. Large Diameter Shaft Drilling.jaydeecontr. Pipe www. www. Ground Freezing & Dewatering.waltercsmith. TX 77061 713-921-2929 peckboswell@brhgarver. Relining. Grouting Northwest Boring Large Diameter Tunneling. Tunnel www.. Large Diameter Tunneling Horizontal Boring & Tunneling Pipe Jacking. Auger Boring. Microtunneling.coluccio. 675 Line Rd. Edward Cruz 952 Holmdel Rd. Large Diameter Tunneling. Drilling. Tunnel Support. Pipe Grouting. Drilling.O. Pipe Ramming. NJ 07733 732-946-8400 dpillari@cruzcontractors. Slurry Wall. NY 10314 410-477-6655 softground@aol. East Palmetto. Raise Bore. Tunneling-Large Diameter. Alan Hobelman. Relining. www. VP Sondra Jamison. Bldg. VP of US Office Tsutomu Segawa. Large Diameter Shaft Drilling. Cost Estimation Michels Tunneling Ray Post 16500 W. Drilling. Senior Estimator/PM 9600 Martin Luther King Way South Seattle. Livonia. TX 76140 817-293-4263 info@scitunneling. Alberto Solana. Microtunneling.kiewit. Aberdeen. Holmdel. Pipe Jacking. Auger Boring. OR 97338 503-623-5373 johnf@jwfowler. Shafts. Microtunneling.. Pipe Jacking. Jet Grouting. Drilling. Microtunneling. Other. P .com Microtunneling. TunnelingLarge Diameter. Microtunneling.jrcruz. Divers. Auger Boring. VP PO Box 7095 St. Moore. President Jason Miller. Chief Project Mgr. Large Diameter Tunneling. 173 West Liberty Rd. Pipe Fusion. CA 93612 559-299-9727 miked@waltercsmith. A-1 East Houston. NE 68351 402-266-5347 horizontalboring@hbttrenchless. Burnaby. James W. Grouting Vadnais Corp. Bradshaw. Pipe Jacking. Pipe Jacking. Pipe Bursting/ Splitting. Microtunneling. Large Diameter Shaft Drilling Midwest Mole Dan Kiewit Construction Co. Tunnel Linings. Guy Larson. Microtunneling. CA 90630 714-886-1530 Carp-Seca Stephen Leius 77 Bloomfield www. Brent Large Diameter Tunneling. President 3208 17th St. Panora. Tunneling-Large Diameter. Large Diameter Auger Boring. Relining. Shafts Jay Dee Contractors Inc. Box 8 Cruz Contractors LLC Dominic Pillari. Sr.vadnaiscorp. NJ 07747 732-290-0700 jrcruz99@aol..huxtedtunneling.pacificblasting. Large Diameter Shaft www. OH 44146 440-786-1000 triad@triad-engineering.iowatrenchless. Tom DiPonio 3881 Schoolcraft Rd. Design/Build Triad Engineering & Contracting Co. Auger Iowa Trenchless Jason Clark PO Box 846. Shafts. Pipe Jacking. Pete Auger Boring. Large Diameter Tunneling. Pipe Jacking. Pipe Tunneling-Large Diameter. Shafts. 616A Shelby Rd. Pipe Jacking. Shafts D’Agostini & Sons 15801 23 Mile Road Macomb.BTrenchless. Smith Co. Don Gonzales 13248 NE 177th Pl. Shafts. Pipe Jacking. Fowler Co. Pipe Jacking. MD 21784 United States 410-970-8300 www. Shafts.E. VP Ron Woolf.eandci. River Ave. Ben Genco. 1000 Kiewit Plaza Suite E200 Omaha. www. IN 46218 317-545-1335 info@midwestmole. VP 2460 N Graham Av. PO Box 429 Exeter.taisei. President Phil Reed. Large Diameter Tunneling.bradshawcc. Rogers Dr. Shafts. Design/Build. Jet Microtunneling Walter Auger Boring. Ground Freezing & Dewatering. Dewatering. Cheif Estimator Bill Austell. Fort Worth. Microtunneling. Shafts. Area Mgr. Tunnel Inspections. www. Divers. Auger Boring. Tunnel Support. Relining. MN 55107 657-298-9111 robb@eandci. Tunnel Support. Northeast Remsco Construction Frank Coluccio Construction Co. Paul Vadnais. Drilling. Shafts. NJ 07081 973-315-0200 www. 985 Jolly Rd. Tunneling-Large Diameter. Microtunneling Pacific Blasting & Demolition Ltd. Santa Fe. Tunneling-Large Diameter Henkels & McCoy Drilling. Microtunneling Southland Contracting Inc.cruzcontractors. Pipe Jacking. Tunnel Support. Irvine. Dewatering. Grouting Huxted Tunneling Steve Caneen. President Dan Schitea. Grouting Lametti & Sons Inc. www. Dewatering. NE 68131 402-346-8535 www. Tunnel Linings. BTrenchless 9885 Emporia St.superna. GM-Mining 3183 Norland Auger Boring. Large Diameter www. TunnelingLarge Diameter. NJ 07733 732-946-9700 www. Auger Large Diameter Tunneling. Relining. Microtunneling. PE. NJ 07727 732-557-6100 asolana@superna. Jet Grouting.brhgarver.. Inc. Pipe Ramming. Suite 303 Springfield. Menomonee Falls. Large Diameter Shaft Drilling. Lester M. PA 19422-0900 215283-7600 marketing@henkels. Tunnel Linings. FL 34221 941-722-6613 scaneen@huxtedtunneling. Ron Elliott. WI 53951 262-252-3200 Pete@superexcavators. VP PO Box 375 Hugo. Blue Bell. Shafts. Shafts. New Berlin. WA 98072 425-483-9191 northwestboring@aol. P . Tunneling Manager 1433 Route 34 South Building B Farmingdale. Tunnel Linings. VP Estimating 7600 Large Diameter Tunneling. Tunnel Linings. Pipe www. Microtunneling. Tunneling-Large Diameter. Microtunneling M-32 TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT www.michels. Auger Boring. VP 2130 La Mirada Drive Vista. Microtunneling. MN 55038 651-426-1380 guy1@lametti. Microtunneling. MI 48042 586-781-5800 ECI Ross Johnson. Grouting. Tunnel Linings. Large Diameter Shaft Drilling.lametti. Shafts Taisei Large Diameter Tunneling. Grouting. Pipe Jacking. Marketing Manager PO Box 489 Dallas. 222 SE 12th St. CA 92081 858-550-1460 info@vadnaiscorp. Pipe Jacking. Slurry Wall. Don Bergman. Large Diameter Tunneling. Sliplining. Henderson. Grouting. Tunnel Support. Staten Island.North American Microtunneling 2011 Directory CONTRACTORS Bradshaw Construction Corp. Rock Drilling. Microtunneling. VP Engineering Richard Palmer. Evarett Cruz Jr. John Fowler. Microtunneling. CA 93609 559-864-8850 www. General Manager 6261 Katella Ave. Drilling. Pipe Jacking.bradshaw@bradshawcc. Large Diameter Tunneling. Woodinville. BC V5B 3A9 Canada 604-291-1255 ron@pacificblasting. Grouting Super Excavators Inc. www. PA 18104 610-398-0451 Pipe-FRP Icon Equipment Distributors Inc. NJ 08816 800-836-5011 b. Disputes Review. Tony DiMillo. TX 77032 281-590-3003 bhclark@derrickequipment. Ground Freezing & Dewatering. Used/Rental Equipment.bmcdowell. Tunnel Boring Machines. General Manager 2018 Kingsway Cutters. Tunnel Boring Machines. Large Diameter Tunneling MANUFACTURERS AND SUPPLIERS Akkerman Inc. Vice President PO Box 681 State College.schauenburg-us. Drills & Rigs. CO 81505 970-245-9400 Fax: 970-245-9402 info@schauenburg-us. Pipe-Polymer Concrete.Mud. Engineering/ www. 1423 E. Microtunneling. Used/Rental Equipment. PO Box 814 West Salem. 2205 E. Dust Control. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment.hobaspipe. Pipe-HDPE Can Clay Corp. Dust Control. Solids Control/Separation Elgood Mayo www. Safety TBM Exchange International Peter J. 101 Mt. Sales & Leasing Robin Lorenzen. Cutters. Mud Systems Michael Byrne Mfg. Sales & Mktg 2233 Sanford Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. Senior Account Manager 17 Black Friar Rd Bryn Mawr. PA 16804 814-466-7134 info@alpine-aec. Tunnel Linings Wyo-Ben Inc. Ventilation. Grout Pumps. Used/Rental Equipment Technicore Underground Corp. Grout. Drilling Consumables. Consultant Derrick Equipment Co. Sales & Leasing 58256 266th St. CEO 3435 W. Pumps . 1345 Discovery Dr. TX 77477 281-261-5778 info@kemtron.permalok. Pumps . Steve Garbisch. 402 Washington St. Tunnel Boring Machines. Concrete Auger www. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. Locomotives/Haulage Equipment. Shafts. Raise www. Used/Rental Equipment. Pipe-Concrete Schauenburg Flexadux www. Coss PO Box 7367 Boulder. MO 63135 314-524-1900 ghuber@permalok. Patrick www. Equipment Rentals. Large Diameter Shaft Drilling. IL 60411 708-758-5277 Fax: 708-758-5815 prezmer@bakercorp. D Auburn. Shotcrete/Shotcrete Additives. Ste. Drills & Rigs. Mud Systems.wyoben. Rock Bolts. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. Paul Rezmer. President Dick Lange. Leisenring. Large Diameter Tunneling. Excavators.microtunneling. Mud Systems B McDowell Equipment Ltd Kevin McDowell.E. Construction Management Baroid Industrial Drilling Products PO Box 1675 Houston. Pipe-Clay Palmieri USA Allen Holbert. Guided Boring Equipment.byrnegroup. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment.bakercorp. Rock Breaking/Grinding. Roadheaders.polymerpipe. Dewatering. Tunnel Boring Dewatering Pumps. Concrete/Concrete Additives. NW Ste. Tunnel Boring www. Environmental Studies. Coatings. Consultant Kem-Tron Technologies Inc. Drills & www. Gary W.kessler@ciba. Brian Crandall 300 Ryders Lane East www. Cannelton. President PO Box 1413 Lancaster.tbmexchange.canclay. MT 59103 406-652-6351 email@wyoben. MA 01770 508-650-3600 pjt@tbmexchange. Solids Control/Separation.iconjds. Pipe Jacking. President Andrew Holbert. Business Development 301 SE 8th St Des Moines. Tunneling-Large Diameter.akkerman. Lubrication. ON P3B 4J8 Canada 705-566-8190 kevin_m@bmcdowell. Mud Systems www.ciba. Ancillary Equipment. Richey Rd. Drills & Cutters. Microtunneling. PA 15349 724-324-5898 aholbert@alltel. Used/Rental Equipment Interpipe Mike Cutters. Equipment Rentals. Cranes & Hoists. Ventilation. PA 19010 610-526-0779 chris. PO Box 1296 Des Moines. Lincoln Hwy Chicago Hts.kemtron. General Consulting Mission Clay Products/No Dig Billy Nelson PO Box 201927 San Microtunneling Systems/ www. Ben Clark 15630 Export Plaza Drive Houston. TX 77251 idp@halliburton.. UT 84104 801-886-2111 Grouting.derrickinternational. Ext. Slurry Wall. Guided Boring Equipment. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. Salt Lake City. ON L3Y 8K3 Canada 905-898-4889 Rock Bits. Pipe Jacking. Grand Junction. Chuck Skillman 10404-B Cash Rd.herrenknecht. Pumps. Used/Rental Equipment. Machine Service/Repair. Shop Foreman 171 Locust Ave. MN 55918 800-533-0386 Fax: 507-567-2605 akk@akkerman. VP 102 Bales Dr East PO Box 93089 Newmarket. Microtunneling. TX 78220 800-683-2568 nelsoncb55@aol. Pipe Jacking. IN 47520 812-547-3461 info@canclay. IA 50309 515-267-8884 Fax: 515-267-9148 sales@polymerpipe. www. Dewatering Pumps. Solids Control/ www. Concrete Guided Boring Equipment. OH 44287 419-869-7107 Ventilation. Coatings.polycaststructures. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. 500 S. D. 1221 29th St.willcofarwest. www. Timothy www. Cost Estimation American Augers Inc. CEO Pipe-Steel Polycast Structures www. Drilling. Concrete/ Concrete Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. Survey/Guidance Instrumentation Hobas Pipe USA Kimberly Paggioli. St. Business Dev.elgoodmayo. Allentown. Chip Kogelmann. Mud Recycling. Soil Conditioning Agents. Microtunneling Systems/ Equipment. Drilling Fluids. Mike Olson. PA 17603 717-397-6201 administration@gfnet. Roadheaders. TBM Rolling Stock.trenchlessonline. Sherborn. Tunnel Boring www. Houston. Drills & Rigs. Cost TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT M-33 . Safety. Used/Rental Equipment.Willco Far West Frank Willden. John Pipe Pipe-Clay CIBA / BASF Christopher Kessler. Morris. Microtunneling. President Lynn Jackson. Tunnel Boring Machines. Engineering/ Design Herrenknecht Tunnelling Systems USA Inc. Reinforcing Fiber. Pipe-Composite/FRP .com Mud Systems Baker Corp. P .com www. Drilling. Sliplining. Machine Service/Repair Allentown Shotcrete Technology Tunnel Pipe-Composite/FRP . Mud Systems. Stafford.. Tunnel Support Permalok Corp. Education/Research. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. Pipe Jacking. WA 98001 253-833-7366 Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. Engineering/Design Microtunneling Inc. President 421 Schantz Rd. Shotcrete/Shotcrete www. Huber 472 Paul Ave. IA 50305 515-208-9690 sales@polycaststructures. www. Locators. Pipe-Concrete Alpine Sales & Rental Corp.. OH 44901 419-525-1214 Pipe Grout. PipePolymer Concrete. Pumps. Microtunneling Systems/Equipment. CO 80306 303-444-2650 timcoss@microtunneling. Brownsdale. Mud www. PO Box 1979 Billings. Concrete/Grout Pumps. Tarkoy 17 Everett St. Cutters. Jim Weist 1855 Earth Boring Rd. Sales Auger Boring. Concrete/ Concrete Additives. Microtunneling Systems/ Equipment.baroididp. TX 77073 281-821-2200 info@hobaspipe. PO Box 444 www.crandall@iconjds.

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99 Check Enclosed [make payable to Benjamin Media Inc.2289 •Mail completed form to: Benjamin Media Inc.MICROTUNNELING GUIDES Guide to Best Practice for the Installation of Pipe Jacks and Microtunnels Learn the essential elements that are necessary for the Shipping Information Name ________________________________________________________________________________Company _______________________________________________ Address __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ City ____________________________________State ______________ Zip/Postal Code____________________________ Country __________________________________ Phone Number _____________________________________________Fax ________________________________________ E-mail ___________________________________ Payment Information Please Select Your Book J Guide to Best Practice $84. ________________________ Security Code [3-digit number from back of card] __________________ Signature ______________________________ Date _______________________ Ordering Information •Fax completed form to: 330.benjaminmedia. Stein and Partner GmbH Price: $55. book-store Practical Guideline for the Application of Microtunneling Methods • 85 figures and diagrams • 26 charts with unique color graphics • Connection to main lines and laterals • Pilot tube and conventional microtunnelling • Economic comparison of open-cut and trenchless methods Author: Author: Professor. based Pipe Jacking Association Price: $84.468.00* *Shipping & handling not included For more information visit www.K. The guide provides a checklist and summarizes associated matters such as: • Site investigation. OH 44264 •Online: www. and installation • Friction loads in different ground conditions • Characteristics of pipe joints and packing materials • Jacking and friction loads and lubrication • Contractual and safety considerations • Current regulations and standards Developed By: U. specification and installation of pipes. PO Box 190. method selection. use the form below or call 330-467-7588 www. .99* To order.benjaminmedia. in US funds only] J Microtunneling Methods $55 J Visa J MasterCard Name on Credit Card______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Credit Card Billing Address [if different from above] ________________________________________________________________________________________________ City ____________________________________ State _______________________ Zip/Postal Code________________________ Country ____________________ Credit Card # __________________________ Exp. Dietrich Stein.trenchlessonline.

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