You are on page 1of 26

Sheet1

D =
d =
H =

150.00
50.00
715.00

CONE DEVELOPMENT

X = D/2

=

75.00

75.00

Y = d/2

=

25.00

25.00

50.00

50.00

716.75

716.75

Z= (D-d)/2
L

=
=

Circle
r
L
b
h
A
QTY

12.50
6,000.00
10.83
6.25
60.00
1.00

Radius
length
Half of the Base length of triangle
hieght of triangle
Angle
diameter
circumferance
area
Area of sector
Area of segment
volume
weight
TOTAL WT
LSA
arc length

25.00
78.54
490.87
81.81230869
14.15407402
2,945,243.11
23.120
23.12015844
471238.898
13.08996939

Solid Section Rect/square/sheet
l
b
h
Qty

1,220.00
2,440.00
6.00
1.00

length
Breadth
Hieght

diagonal
circumferance
area
volume
weight

2728.00
7,320.00
2,976,800.00
17860800
140.21

Page 1

Sheet1

Total wt

140.21

Hollow Section Rect/square
W
b
L
thick
qty

Solid Rect/square

100.00
80.00
1,000.00
4.00
1.00

width
breadth
length

diagonal
circumferance
Sectional area
Surface Area
volume
weight
Total wt

128.06
360.00
704.00
360,000.00
1,440,000.00
11.30
11.30

PIPE/TUBE
r
t
h
QTY

22.00
5.00
6,000.00
1

Diameter
Thickness
Length
Internal Radius
circumferance
Sectional area
Surface area
Section volume
Core Volume
Pipe weight
Core weight
Pipe weight
Pipe weight(TOTAL)

b
h
A

PARALLEL0GRAM
100.00
50.00
30.00

17.00
138.23
612.61
829380.46
3063.05
5447521.66
28.85
42.76
28.85
28.85

Base length
Hieght (vertical)
angle

area of parallelogram

b1
b2
h

TRAPEZOID
50.00
100.00
75.00

5000

Top length
Base length
hieght
Area of Trapeziod

TRIANGLE

Page 2

5625

00 402.Sheet1 b h 50.000.00 45.00 c 40.00 b 30.52 radius of sphere hieght of the segment half of the chord length Page 3 .11 100.69 SPHERICAL SEGMENT 6.31 1243.00 side 1 side 2 side 3 Semi-Perimeter S= Area of triangle a b h l d A ELLIPSE 50.897.00 80.30 PYRAMID 6.00 radius Hieght LSA Volume of cone a h 10.11 2.105.00 Base Length Hieght Area of triangle 2500 Three side known a 50.00 100.00 100.37 Major axis Minor axis Hieght base Length of segment vertical hieght of segment angle Perimeter of Ellipse Area of Ellipse Volume of Elliptical Cylinder Area of Ellipse Sector Surface area of Ellipical cylinder Area of Parabolic Segment CONE r h 8.731324 SPHERE r 6.00 4.00 60.00 25.88 954.00 length hieght area of base Volume of Pyramid 37.11 radius Surface Area Volume r h a 468.36 26.00 1.00 6.942.

72 1.413.00 20.31 225.232.8 g/cm3 2.00 2.4592 m2 1 cent= 435.767.11 15.38 FRUSTRUMS 6.451.6 g/cm3 .00 radius of bottam radius of top hieght circularr base Area 1 Area 1 Area of frustrum volume a1 A2 h 234.68633 6.Sheet1 Area of zone Volume Volume r R h 173.24 g/cm3 Page 4 1.11 20.00 Diameter of stair case No of Revelution required Hieght of the stair Length of rail 1 cent= 40.77 5.38 68.8 to 8. Density of Glass Density of Aluminium Density of Steel = 7.0835 SPIRAL STARE CASE CALCULATION D R 1.59 2.000.00 square base length of bottam side length of top side hieght Area 1 Area 1 volume D1 D2 37.2.00 20.5 ft2 1 Degree = Pi()/180 Radian.11 15.4 .85 g/cm3 Density of duplex Steel = 7.44 14825.44 1.00 Diagonal of the Rhombus Diagonal of the Rhombus Area 61.581265 Rhombus 6.00 2359.4898615 68.

75 g/cm3 Density of Bronze = 7.32 g/cm3 Density of silver = 10.13 g/cm3 Density of Gold = 19.4401 1.8x1220x2440 1x1220x2440 1.46640089 Hieght Adjecent side Hypotenuse 1.46 29.Sheet1 Density of Brass = 8.00 No of step Slope Angle 7.4307 1.9 g/cm3 Density of Copper = 8.4462 Standard sheet & Plate size SS Sheet 0.48 2.4301 1.18 25 to 30 3.5x1220x2440 2x1220x2440 3x1220x2440 4x1220x2440 SS Plate Page 5 .4 to 8.35 0.49 g/cm3 staircase STEP Thread Raiser Angle hy 0.61 3 Stainless Steel grade EN 304 304L 316 316L 2205 Duplex 1.2x1220x2440 1.4404 1.4 to 8.96 g/cm3 Density of Zinc = 7.

5x1220x2440 2x1220x2440 3x1220x2440 4x1220x2440 Steel & Aluminium Sheet & Plate 1.8x1220x2440 15.8x1220x2440 7.8x1220x2440 14.2x1220x2440 1.8x1220x2440 5.8x1220x2440 ASTM Standard (American Standard for Testing and Materials) Page 6 .8x1220x2440 2.I Sheet 1.8x1220x2440 19.Sheet1 5x1220x2440 6x1220x2440 8x1220x2440 10x1220x2440 12x1220x2440 14x1220x2440 15x1220x2440 16x1220x2440 18x1220x2440 20x1220x2440 22x1220x2440 24x1220x2440 25x1220x2440 26x1220x2440 28x1220x2440 30x1220x2440 35x1220x2440 Steel G.8x1220x2440 9.8x1220x2440 3.8x1220x2440 17.8x1220x2440 11.8x1220x2440 4.8x1220x2440 13.

Annealed and Pickled Angle Bar Page 7 .Sheet1 ASTM 554 ASTM A312 ASTM A240 ASTM A484 ASTM A554 ASTM A312 ASTM A276 SS Hollow sections Seamless Pipe SS Plate SS Angle Bar SS Welded Round Pipe Welded Pipe Hot Rolled.

000 r = Y/Sin A = 358.9768 m2 0.Sheet1 CONE DEVELOPMENT A= TAN(-){Z/H} = 4.0179 m3 Page 8 .113 25.000 4.373 358.113 B = (X/R)x360 = Base length of triangle mm mm mm2 mm2 mm2 mm3 kg kg mm2 mm mm mm mm2 mm3 kgs 2.119 1075.373 R=r+L = 1075.119 25.

0007 m2 0.0014 m3 mm mm mm2 mm2 mm3 mm3 kgs kgs kgs kgs 0.Sheet1 mm mm mm2 mm2 mm3 kgs 0.866025404 mm2 mm2 Page 9 .

707106781 Revise sin 45 h of segment ght of segment 419.21 2.67 mm mm2 mm3 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm2 mm3 mm2 mm3 mm2 mm3 Page 10 .666.37061 75.14 12566.43 1.223.398.414.514.844.69 1.Sheet1 mm2 mm mm2 Value of angle in sin 0.

Sheet1 mm2 mm3 mm3 mm2 mm2 mm3 mm2 mm2 mm3 the Rhombus the Rhombus mm2 lution required mm mm 6.360754672 Page 11 .

Sheet1 m m Degree (standard) (standard) common Nos Degree m m m Page 12 .

755 2.754 5.2 39269.2 0.0256850919 0.9 41451.5 6419.6 11.9 0.9 34906.0001699651 0.2 17.9 9786.0003318469 0.2 58904.850 2.625 0.0293595613 0.0051428674 0.825 43.8 16.8 5.510 6.0 4277.685 6.5 1.1 15233.1 91629.5 AREA 0.3 32724.118 0.0 56.064 1.3 1.0 0.2 45814.92 W2 61.3 89917.000 0.7 7988.359 5.4 27.7 452.4 3.711 14.1 29.8 106901.0097552755 0.9 8.0072083215 0.0000717582 0.0009091107 0.107 21.0000003347 0.7 5494.5 33.9 4.3 13090.9 11826.5 63268.0 56748.0 242.011 0.2 0.785 1.0 11118.0004415316 0.3 88388.009 0.8 93811.205 11.470 Kgs (Approx) H IN MM VOL IN LITRE VOL IN GAL 0.795 36.836 20.0 62500.8 60600.5 0.6 30543.929 10.0 4.7 4363.6 880.0 372.699 24.7 0.2 23.0 1517.045 1.9 28361.259 5.0035122633 0.0239656072 0.909 0.767 39.7 110.005 2.0 28118.8 3251.267 0.3 85249.0045534077 0.7 9160.1 52827.729 0.9 1.9 1170.929 0.9 2.0002421123 0.170 0.2 35.3 21706.072 0.152 3.642 0.2 20.654 WT OF THE TANK= a2 2181.5 82007.1 0.0019287245 0.0 80348.341 18.720 2.2 92893.356 0.0057846021 0.IN M3 0.0088495408 0.7 1018.4 W1 369.8 642.3 54795.0080045562 0.0 42752.1 25989.395 23.114 0.1 104719.442 0.0005729663 0.4 95993.0 8.2 75226.4 102538.468 1.573 0.0 8726.689 9.340 34.Sheet2 DIP STICK CALCULATION INPUT INTERNAL DIA LENGTH = THICKNESS RADIUS ANGLE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 = 1000 3000 5 500 a1 2181.8 12.719 28.8 1714.0026421939 0.0178363934 0.9 38.0107202602 0.006 0.0 46825.8 66239.3 19635.0 37.9 69899.2 2949.3 0.8 58683.6 2.0 21816.7 78665.9 7.4 10.088 2.0016253898 0.9 61086.0207540378 0.5 69813.1 541.1 0.0 8719.042 0.6 4362.971 .019 0.242 0.5 15.1 13.8 3573.0013562551 0.2 65449.3 0.0223222475 0.001 0.0 71697.332 0.1 85084.5 38627.9 23.483 7.360 7.8 68079.0139834643 0.745 3.907 15.5 82903.143 1.030 1.0040108980 0.2 71994.3 6545.322 5.0164841837 0.7 22.6 19554.9 755.8 76957.3 1928.0000212888 0.6 17453.357 8.0030567536 0.8 6918.1 94338.0 23851.5 89448.5 44796.530 13.8 30240.021 25.241 4.0274825766 0.208 1.2 3.7 31.271 38.285 41.6 23998.6 43633.581 19.2 78539.000 0.9 VOL.8 86832.699 8.0117448699 0.0 73473.4 6542.8 67631.5 91419.3 26179.5 10439.7 17396.983 3.430 6.2 2156.6 147.386 45.8 25.0151999990 0.7 0.832 3.7 19.480 9.5 13066.8 100356.011 1.2 191.600 7.7 80.317 8.8 48841.7 5945.5 76358.9 303.0128324796 0.8 74176.0192594031 0.0376887501 Page 13 539.7 12562.296 4.3 50842.361 27.0000026944 0.6 10908.5 56723.0 7440.2 0.8 1337.0001139429 0.4 83641.057 0.0313168710 0.2 52359.6 50178.2 32352.1 13.0 7.117 2.8 80721.9 3.8 2668.490 31.0 40696.9 47996.003 0.9 5.2 9.361 12.5 8561.2 5066.1 98174.061 10.0333566807 0.193 3.0011180204 0.966 6.0064683368 0.512 0.0000415735 0.5 36546.2 1.095 30.5 0.0000090291 0.0 64379.6 10894.4 3915.836 4.8 87266.905 33.809 9.7 0.1 2402.0022667092 0.0007285510 0.5 4661.6 37088.0 15271.9 0.118 17.9 54541.002 0.8 6.484 4.021 0.553 1.3 34454.0354799654 0.200 4.

3 188.7 192.0 124923.2553728557 0.593 119.0 107145.2 200712.265 43.296 341.9 71349.4 134.0 108253.9 170169.5 31108.0500481735 0.819 42.8 122.5 198531.627 58.5 128.2626587654 0.2011871032 0.325 97.6 125.1286516771 0.940 71.4 115628.373 262.7 124923.6 178896.5 114193.8 120740.0556306429 0.5 211621.689 25.0 109327.4 135263.4 101127.6 100262.8 106006.7 14945.3 106.5 205076.8 215984.4 128718.9 20530.8 209439.338 171.347 49.3 122703.3 92523.2 181077.3 122268.2 115063.0448354541 0.4 146.0 102914.1542965256 0.3332958777 0.133 30.7 76.9 105606.0 124354.1 108334.208 11.1489436659 0.3 41285.0 116697.558 138.0399825847 0.0855586552 0.5 110368.3 124695.9 189804.5 13327.3 87552.1 28519.1597607603 0.365 101.7 57009.0 163624.4 73.5 124524.2482007960 0.035 35.659 270.3168181583 0.0 78.5 111098.7 83.7 124695.1 119538.6 113900.496 79.758 20.3 178.0 121796.207 81.365 44.690 21.944 154.8 118882.6 52.5 56.2140486225 0.3 137.2 187622.9 67062.449 77.9 124828.Sheet2 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 109083.9 90.3 123783.0 78065.9 44519.017 39.0 119.2 165.367 234.678 83.559 89.861 12.7 119991.5 118189.0 62927.2 15798.048 52.1145927480 0.2 124068.573 81.3 99829.389 93.4 69186.4 92.7 23753.2341975066 0.173 90.297 159.1191698827 0.0712617164 0.2775704848 0.4 131.0527921582 0.2 38197.980 29.561 214.0 137444.719 67.3 0.396 50.511 105.6 55112.701 10.8 36708.928 201.0 152.833 182.196 292.3 113288.9 24894.974 18.745 316.3 141808.1385750715 0.0 124981.0818312705 0.662 67.5 121796.0 69.831 85.9 95.3 124315.648 22.7 113446.1057644286 0.3 121286.7 155.4 64975.058 277.8 95755.526 32.224 54.563 61.1 111264.631 58.3 60917.1887821838 0.559 69.6 29796.294 17.5 19520.5 73550.0 123783.316 31.7 121287.5 124068.5 124828.942 51.373 60.0 120157.0 123101.852 19.5 95065.5 119537.1 85.6 172351.6 117461.4 150.8 67.3 124315.7 111.6 182.125 114.764 110.782 194.660 38.3 42883.4 21573.2 195.794 65.577 11.786 308.6 199.0585627276 0.1 115898.0933246746 0.781 48.0 185.7 82733.1 233437.3 111375.9 124981.3 148353.7 120740.0 130899.3 122267.855 27.9 176714.7 50.4 168.0473959138 0.3 46191.8 123461.7 146171.3 154898.0 120157.7 126536.3 75789.3 143.8 229074.403 40.4 123100.761 165.6 39723.0 33837.635 23.792 55.2 213802.5 224711.170 123.966 14.835 47.751 188.2851956195 0.648 24.2 53253.8 80380.397 .0 143989.9 202894.6 39.0 108.8 222529.5 218166.0 125000.0423652194 0.0893894649 0.486 71.2 194167.444 73.029 176.3417008624 Page 14 46.4 49647.539 13.0 102394.1710289797 0.4 18543.240 13.4 122173.1768330394 0.493 16.2273670419 0.1 100.1653382450 0.7 17597.717 15.1949276435 0.1 117809.652 133.591 64.0782066358 0.262 74.5 58.570 285.3 161443.003 333.3 167987.9 51432.2929337042 0.568 53.7 172.0 157079.6 191986.6 152716.5 104833.0 162.2 32455.3250033930 0.7 64.983 42.4 114.198 241.0615911123 0.0973650343 0.1015112940 0.7 139626.6 85124.704 148.8 26068.431 75.2 207257.1827509491 0.6 185441.0746843011 0.980 88.7 58944.2 124524.201 255.2075607879 0.684 78.5 123461.766 34.6 165806.2 117.6 97143.9 27277.1437040562 0.6 16682.1101246633 0.0647190970 0.9 90019.2 97644.121 17.0 175.856 128.2 220347.1 226892.246 46.7 103.7 47901.5 60.740 45.910 56.2700580001 0.814 85.8 159.333 36.3087446736 0.957 63.5 14121.0 22646.3 80.0679400817 0.6 159261.8 112349.3007859389 0.0 122703.6 62.150 61.0 103629.0 98501.651 227.1335579868 0.142 248.575 143.1 35254.8 48.7 133081.187 207.5 54.9 196349.1238557674 0.5 98.2206507572 0.2411420613 0.3 140.5 87.1 202.2 71.5 231256.0 150534.758 26.9 183259.049 220.934 300.818 325.3 174532.

4 46825.8 54796.655 944.843 253.2 216.630 906.7 312.9 338157.7 213640.9 128448.410 239.3 116737.7220583461 0.617 260.941 521.4 277071.208 111.063 794.770 132.0 36546.638 181.8 396.8 117461.9 351247.7 261799.158 226.932 745.0 89917.7942477042 0.5528740257 0.6 308.Sheet2 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 235619.106 246.2 228949.7 281434.5317247813 0.058 733.9 311977.3 131464.6072761991 0.453 146.759 233.1 99829.4 370.539 855.8 324.490 818.2 118882.1 337.6752525073 0.6 327249.4 434.895 210.7 102394.7 231.5 83641.263 149.5 108253.8 115063.3 296706.6985148017 0.3675635839 0.8 358.6 166896.8 44796.5 246.469 249.7 320.8 379.6184081838 0.6 294524.9062646415 0.401 385.7 287979.1 259617.8 257.4 270526.7 75226.532 500.0 279252.5 92892.118 213.8 220.4 224.5 115897.276 618.3 50842.4905317175 0.021 194.786 831.759 109.562 175.566 169.732 160.8810384721 0.0 362.8 110368.253 722.9189400512 0.3 316340.9 344702.621 640.2 268829.0 227.4 184291.0 276.4412029190 0.930 97.4316358093 0.6 261.407 957.9828657247 Page 15 206.636 441.394 403.577 101.581 574.4705054481 0.5 143878.6296211685 0.6 353.8435385180 0.253 686.3 232838.194 970.3 322885.1 114193.5 421.7 274889.5 297876.7578731252 0.8559908777 0.9 413.1 68079.5 314802.095 151.668 143.4 256646.655 163.5 191460.3 236750.3 289497.848 698.3 290161.0 292342.0 266162.8187864236 0.3 88388.3 86832.7699380349 0.952 154.2 342520.8 242.7 292.0 58683.9 248623.4 310551.862 124.2 341.3 345.3 153546.169 137.940 931.8 327621.2 71697.4 206136.7102525614 0.0 221246.2 113288.4508708287 0.8 248709.8 284.5635813603 0.7458704655 0.0 80348.0 238.4 263981.3853450358 0.4 109327.938 782.162 197.8684913874 0.9 331612.9 64379.8 426.2 250.452 229.5 346884.1 273.7 296.4 235.6 323337.5 353429.5 391.0 272707.0 95755.6 150290.0 38627.8 264749.470 490.8 357792.792 187.0 333.5 252624.3 111375.1 48841.108 129.9571937553 0.6 116697.834 367.0 42752.4128078899 0.239 99.0 60601.706 184.2 319064.6 307614.472 127.0 400.0 104833.7820634696 0.3 283616.555 172.287 531.738 675.6 213.6 94337.203 450.6522841379 0.189 116.226 607.9 272928.2 156835.564 376.5109410869 0.7 32352.260 596.4 122521.9 66239.3 404.5 40696.357 216.2 306313.457 135.5962259644 0.6 180751.2 417.752 243.7 268344.345 394.3 82005.6 301069.3588340818 0.0 285797.0 69899.8064896889 0.808 422.870 757.5 349.9 0.831 157.8 302088.0 101127.0 225084.610 219.248 806.8 56748.6868478420 0.278 121.871 460.3502123471 0.038 893.3 387.4221704746 0.3764008011 0.7 316.5743804950 0.5 285330.6 300.380 585.4 281179.7 163510.014 982.4 265.5852604797 0.874 563.284 663.2 137602.4 250891.9700135400 0.170 431.505 480.5 78665.6409204032 0.0 202425.1 246527.320 200.7 255254.6 314159.3 187860.897 191.6 147067.906 140.491 881.0 383.6 140723.8 62500.1 253072.1 293679.337 106.689 510.866 92.2 366.649 94.5212867716 0.8 242164.226 256.639 470.1 239982.4 237801.6 320704.600 166.9 329.254 552.7 173762.3 269.6 374.408 629.3 85247.4 119611.136 843.725 542.2 195086.6637378726 0.1 209.017 .991 868.6 304.8 103629.592 178.8 73473.877 223.515 710.7 350.9 280.7339317808 0.7 288.8 277045.8311362583 0.0 298887.9444065206 0.920 652.5 112349.6 333794.0 305432.1 430.495 203.0 253.4 257436.9 318522.3943939705 0.2 355610.8936303318 0.1 217428.9 240686.1 160156.5 340339.2 349065.3 303251.4 244346.4 52827.873 769.4606386384 0.9316545359 0.0 76957.685 114.8 198742.212 358.3 97143.549 412.2 125466.943 104.720 119.5 91419.687 206.4 98501.3 309795.9 325067.2 335975.079 236.4804701328 0.4035487302 0.3 177241.5 359974.2 107145.5006890772 0.0 118189.3 34454.7 134516.1 244643.0 260687.2 329430.4 170313.265 918.9 106006.6 408.5422540660 0.1 209873.

0 548647.906 363.563 284.4 392699.8 666.572 396.9 565.3 388335.3 457776.124 280.1126889716 1.9 431888.1257588063 1.9 504218.6 486.8 465.680 1669.512 328.3604470158 1.7 621.0605296328 1.362 297.181 1399.0735478675 1.721 409.0865818522 1.5 353509.0 564152.549 1047.4372544240 1.263 1634.4625641434 1.8 377427.203 311.7 662.3861809352 1.4 516568.1 443.2 543.2826466077 1.0996293369 1.6 637.1 679.256 1598.5 534.5619467709 1.3475386561 1.4 2181.0 0.2956648424 1.4 447.5983213500 1.2 414501.8 418855.0345494135 1.9 487521.8 591.2 650.776 .862 380.173 403.3 528752.1780972376 1.0475293981 1.656 1021.714 370.0 423204.613 1282.329 1386.591 322.254 1449.204 1512.1 456.506 1256.8 536774.5374080516 1.1 397062.489 376.1 388335.001 1411.0 608.1 532773.1 30240.2 427548.8 349176.7152740720 Page 16 439.358 1230.582 1099.876 339.693 447.9 671.3990007199 1.4 654.408 1549.9957474594 1.969 332.591 1034.3 466333.1 469.4 491718.069 356.836 1151.6 453482.3 556.207 349.921 390.2042744745 1.920 1165.0 4362.6 0.2 530.058 1537.759 1138.540 1437.656 1525.5497047863 1.5741310056 1.131 1586.6459419138 1.4499298337 1.579 386.840 270.0 331915.9 552.6 500.347 1680.4 344849.5 366519.7039103373 1.8 383972.1 595.703 1500.1 368700.665 1321.4245399393 1.5 13066.739 450.5126559572 1.2 612.052 325.641 353.788 1424.1911868648 1.7 512469.9 357849.2565651383 1.9 560314.106 373.769 453.6 470596.4751560031 1.539 1360.747 1008.226 383.5250582169 1.947 1574.3216450617 1.530 1073.0 366543.447 1373.0 21706.9 392699.4 508.565 1269.930 1462.4 444867.2173581092 1.6924566026 1.4 460.0 646.314 366.8 364337.0 625.6 573.1 381790.740 308.434 438.3 569.6222626944 1.5002035975 1.5 473.156 1487.3 995.321 1610.3 401424.1 571758.2435055036 1.9 491.7 452.647 1295.8 483309.3 552559.262 273.128 318.910 1715.457 1703.666 315.1 375245.5 379609.529 1060.3 375252.3 520648.548 1086.6341361291 1.187 1204.2 567970.8 405786.4 386154.0 500067.879 400.9 524710.665 1308.1 383973.6576796735 1.Sheet2 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 362155.2 683.5 658.2 544712.2 482.253 393.5862564403 1.6 479084.6103240097 1.819 301.768 346.4 521.4 599.1 370896.007 287.9 379612.1388363660 1.7 540754.1 517.690 277.011 429.0 410145.603 1347.6 560.0086558191 1.3 495.0 10894.6 340530.3346032964 1.0 28118.5 8719.274 263.539 441.097 1191.2696126230 1.2 629.311 435.8 370882.3 362194.5 373064.8 478.436 419.629 1112.424 335.4117879546 1.324 342.6693466332 1.2 582.942 1657.3 17396.0215911788 1.6809419679 1.7 508352.279 304.425 266.705 1561.626 444.7 495901.689 1125.436 1243.008 1178.9 556448.8 526.3 462060.3086650770 1.5 6542.1519200007 1.8 23851.6 547.491 359.5 586.645 1334.907 294.4877030878 1.564 1475.4 633.836 426.8 642.455 290.3733287505 1.0 19554.5 616.1650076104 1.942 1692.8 390517.170 432.136 1645.644 422.324 1622.454 406.9 25988.0 504.5 15233.2304356689 1.7 604.9 539.8 449179.974 413.8 336218.0 675.213 416.274 1217.3 436221.9 578.7 513.0 474846.7 440548.

1851654955 2.984 576.3 834.6 837.0554085363 2.849 1979.8452533883 1.8 659931.676 465.9 734.191 2039.3 715.8 841.7 647795.320 1813.0144936128 2.5 641519.5 761.8244696939 1.402 530.389 574.6 871.4 732144.1612668317 2.7926131148 1.0 779.2 687753.994 2115.1908562302 2.6 733966.918 1759.8 724481.0059821281 2.6 742.2 847.4 880.663 485.9 635107.646 1961.1550073720 2.9797936740 1.7 865.1964337149 2.434 2201.3 1.9 702664.7709339955 1.421 570.6 644674.1674122914 2.0632607710 2.883 549.5 650881.7 738.1219969686 2.1008216195 2.561 496.9618005047 1.8349077036 1.7 601106.068 479.536 2100.2018979496 2.934 535.8955558368 1.505 1865.9245586659 1.631 1997.1 711847.4 800.086 579.8 720422.899 2031.8 586656.501 471.007 2161.0 768.162 490.2 700273.9340240006 1.8656627577 1.5 618501.9708494394 1.7265733067 1.2 718335.158 537.3 850.9 674299.765 459.801 1970.8 728388.2 662877.613 1803.1486336873 2.181 564.1 727.450 2055.836 547.7599685108 1.3 691.670 559.2072508093 Page 17 687.572 518.4 707.0 597537.5 877.0 831.8 621887.517 541.724 1885.887 553.3 711.7 671497.4 699.0709988557 2.107 571.0311910822 2.4 579262.7 818.591 581.9 714048.573 1737.992 1924.794 1988.786 1748.772 557.6 874.1734435261 2.822 2107.1 582972.067 582.0 821.611 509.7 828.908 1845.9053236465 1.6 625241.845 555.261 2070.0786239904 2.361 2185.2 786.8 811.634 2155.663 1875.512 583.1288274333 2.9 804.360 2005.940 1824.9 638330.878 482.5 730285.934 1781.9973603934 2.7489182761 1.9526457450 1.0228985975 2.0 853.9 615084.859 501.376 2047.444 2179.0935357098 2.8757243424 1.3 593938.653 543.388 523.0 631851.814 1792.052 2121.8 608156.165 2190.754 526.2 590311.9433865853 1.7 695378.0 735750.223 498.8139404092 1.5 677063.7 679792.6 716211.3 695.0861364751 2.969 1770.0 692874.053 506.556 1905.3 722470.900 551.705 568.1355437179 2.352 539.8555053980 1.8 604646.1079936792 2.387 1952.0393763169 2.7818139802 1.550 578.6 690333.2 750.6 859.3 776.874 493.470 1834.142 511.6 705017.600 468.544 2142.9 653933.4 807.4 793.425 488.4 746.469 504.624 2086.5 707332.324 1914.7 862.9886308912 1.3 814.6 783.9 797.7377862914 1.997 2128.412 2173.3 709609.0 665786.1 682483.4 703.646 514.689 1895.0 885.409 2063.8033204495 1.8856890271 1.856 2196.123 516.0 753.2 765.0 730.267 2167.999 2078.994 521.758 545.379 474.8 1726.683 532.6 772.374 563.958 566.8 790.1793614358 2.024 1943.136 2093.8 697845.1421458526 2.0474498016 2.763 573.3 719.494 2022.6 611635.4 628563.0 844.251 456.236 477.537 561.092 528.Sheet2 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 575524.7 868.8 668660.1150524139 2.9149915562 1.2 883.6 856.253 1855.982 2014.5 656949.4 824.2 726453.898 2207.928 .827 2135.731 462.559 1934.146 2148.2 723.8 757.3 685136.

3 744112.5 907.4 780331.2976317476 2.495 620.8 958.296 590.565 591.0 926.829 2262.474 2346.3 776836.3087985614 2.3497261384 2.4 980.450 2345.945 614.933 2288.2815101741 2.2914753782 2.1 985.3 774959.9 978.2 773571.1 914.3 953.214 621.091 610.2743632047 2.363 2277.138 585.2 781824.564 2303.2588294409 2.236 618.642 599.998 589.310 619.2946033629 2.613 618.037 607.3305093833 2.2226364884 2.4 761644.2176194037 2.3 782730.Sheet2 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 737496.2546831812 2.4 772070.5 770453.070 2250.6 981.710 2340.7 779903.3 751561.7 924.872 2335.016 594.523 .8 768715.3531377216 Page 18 888.3526822119 2.0 984.632 2300.8 739206.0 782995.211 2343.7 899.1 759329.536 616.6 767800.543 2232.4 784379.3521835772 2.835 2328.0 783683.641 2352.190 2348.564 616.1 990.3034023170 2.439 2347.5 777409.4 769599.9 755601.8 971.3005638323 2.2706358200 2.726 2350.4 784061.476 597.3061463017 2.9 745674.636 2274.2 955.5 960.2668050103 2.754 613.339 2237.2323387078 2.358 2339.841 618.3454742150 2.3 969.2628698006 2.3 928.3 961.799 2311.9 783880.614 609.402 2306.3138292557 2.6 777957.573 598.314 586.3504098731 2.3248776042 2.936 620.509 2332.052 2351.0 935.0 783470.3489861537 2.0 956.838 2324.6 758121.358 606.2 2.0 771276.8 933.935 2338.986 2349.2460698118 2.3516410675 2.994 2342.671 587.1 764867.2 987.3113590211 2.683 600.9 747200.229 2333.602 2246.3185057251 2.838 608.361 613.7 782146.4 782448.7 756878.2 937.990 621.6 891.2 784227.061 616.697 601.2 966.6 912.0 990.9 904.124 612.5 976.991 617.1 986.8 991.8 983.3268349139 2.410 2351.642 603.430 2254.715 2322.793 611.3369350721 2.270 622.2 766854.440 2336.2849327588 2.632 619.3433619956 2.603 2297.3444496053 2.2 775611.362 2344.6 748689.1 752943.682 2353.3228377945 2.3338722277 2.4 779452.8 765877.988 2281.805 593.3473449343 2.184 2352.9 750143.4 778480.359 2313.805 2270.3354404374 2.5 763825.5 943.510 2284.8 968.1 909.683 602.212 2318.345 2348.750 620.683 2258.3 894.210 607.5 947.3 972.712 2330.9 963.224 620.475 2294.3 762751.479 605.0 896.146 2308.878 2326.426 617.365 610.3287118986 2.3383580818 2.2 979.6 930.351 596.5 780737.8 742514.971 622.6 772835.3510516078 2.8 974.5 916.025 2241.3464391996 2.424 621.801 621.3 901.6 776237.3162118904 2.1 754289.5 949.5 945.3397102915 2.5 774279.3422110109 2.2779878394 2.490 2217.2504300465 2.198 595.829 2316.2370245925 2.046 615.636 2227.620 621.3 921.4 941.3322288680 2.470 612.6 965.2275427981 2.4 783242.3207145098 2.1 989.254 2291.870 2266.970 619.3 760503.574 604.127 622.619 2222.3481899190 2.3 939.7 781483.4 951.2882543935 2.1 778978.9 919.2416017272 2.507 615.3409944762 2.2 975.5 740878.2 988.6 2212.0 781120.506 2320.2124904190 2.402 622.

3559523629 2.9 1000.972 623.5 995.326 623.3535522813 2.194 2356.266 2354.3557529435 2.0 785398.286 623.753 2355.035 623.3561941405 2.3558626282 2.331 623.0 1000.3561854461 2.185 2356.3556215089 2.076 2355.3560805323 2.3 784856.243 623.1 995.3 999.6 784755.3 785391.5 785360.180 623.3560245101 2.3 785207.3542657507 2.4 784946.3 997.1 785395.8 997.7 999.173 2356.1 785155.569 2354.622 2355.Sheet2 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 352 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 END OF DATA 784517.1 785397.7 998.3561529017 2.153 2356.1 998.2 END OF DATA 2.3561227170 2.3 785398.4 993.139 623.1 993.285 2355.2 785384.214 623.8 999.838 2355.3561917808 2.8 994.0 785287.821 622.3554659242 2.3552853645 2.952 2356.3 996.7 996.192 2356.3561731864 2.552 2353.301 623.1 999.3548382201 2.267 623.863 2355.1 785025.0 END OF DATA 2353.3550764548 2.928 2354.331 623.901 622.3545690854 2.320 623.2 785374.3539277660 2.5 998.2 785251.123 2356.632 622.331 END OF DATA .091 623.466 2355.025 2356.4 784642.329 623.3561944752 END OF DATA Page 19 992.5 999.312 623.081 2356.8 999.194 END OF DATA 622.5 785341.5 785317.5 785095.732 622.

Legs of the Weld The sides containing the right angle are called Leg of the weld Size of the Fillet weld Thw minimum length of the leg of a weld is called size of the weld Thoat thickness It is the perpendiculaar distance between the cornerr and hypotenuse of the weld cross section Angle k 60 to 90 91 to 100 101 to 106 107 to 113 114 to 120 0. calculated on throat area Permissible Stress (p) SL.5 3 shear stress 1025 102. End fillet weld The fillet weld placed at the end of the member. STRENGTH OF A WELD JOINT 1 Butt weld joint The strength of a butt weld is specified by its throat thickness. placed parallel to the direction of the force is called a side fillet weld. so that it is perpendicular to the force is called End fillet weld. which is of specified size and required thickness is called effective length of the weld For design purpose.5 Effective length of the weld The actual length of the weld.5 2 Fillet weld joint The force of resistance of a fillet weld is given by: p = l*t*f = A*f Where l = Effective length of the weld A=l*t . the effective length of a weld is taken as the actual length of the weld minus tiwce the size of the weld Effective length of the weld = A+B+C Side fillet weld The fillet weld. Which is taken as the thickness of the thinner plate The permissible stress in a butt weld.65 0.NO Nature of Stree in kg/cm2 in N/mm2 1 Axial compression or Tension 1420 142 2 Fibre stress in Bending 1575 157.55 0.7 0.6 0.

taken to be equal to the length of the line running parallel to the vertical leg of the length weld. In case of circular hole. This len generally. its length is taken to be equal to the average length of the throat of the fillet.6 = 0.915 t .6 cm Effective throat thickness t = k*s t = 0. the length of the fillet is taken as ∏*(d-(h/2) where d is the diameter of and h is the height of the vertical leg. at a distanc fourth the leg from it.7*0.7 Size of the weld s = 6mm 0.If a fillet weld is provided. The maximum length of the weld is limited to 10 times of the throat thickness Example A tie bar is welded to a plate as shown in fig A = 10CM B = 10CM Find the strength of the weld. Take size of the fillet as 6mm and working stress of the fillet weld as 1025 kg/cm2 P=l*t*f k= 0.t = Throat thickness f = Permissible stress in the fillet weld as given table A = Area of the weld 3 Plug or Slot weld joint The strength of a plug or slot weld joint is given by p = A*f Where A = Cross-sectional area of the plug or slot f = Permissible stress in the weld as given table Note:.42*1025 = 12915 kg 12.42cm Stress of the weld f = 1025 kg/cm2 Length of the weld l= A+B+C L=10+10+10 = 30 CM Let P= stress of the weld P= l*t*f P= 30*.

7 142 1000 size of the weld value to be choosed from table it is depend the angle kg/cm2 ro N/mm2 area of tie bar .d cross section called effective length of the weld the weld minus tiwce the size of the orce is called End fillet weld. the thickness of the thinner plate A B C 12 0 0 s k f a 6 0.

166 Tonn p 142000 Kn 142 Tonn gth of the throat of the fillet.849 .5 kg/cm2 ro N/mm2 t 4. This length is. l leg of the length weld.2 mm Throat thickness l 12 mm length of the weld p 5166 kg 5.f1 102. at a distance of one(d-(h/2) where d is the diameter of the hole o 10 times of the throat thickness C = 10CM f the fillet weld as 1025 kg/cm2 working stress in fillet 329.

a commend appload select the stl directory and open it activate the file PAPER SIZE A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 1189X841 841X595 595X420 420X297 297X210 210X149 .

for objects which will be mass prodcuced. and are to interpret than nondestructive testing Destructive test is most suitable. and resear COMMON NDT METHODS 1) Ultrasonic 2) Magneticparticle 3) Liquid penetrant 4) Radiographic 5) Remote visual inspection (RVI) 6) Eddy-current testing 7) Low coherence interrferometry Sampling inspection . component system without causing damage NDE NDI NDE Nondestructive examination Nondestructive inspection Nondestructive evaluation it is a highly-valuable tecnique that can save both money and time in product evaluation. ex 1) Stress tests 2) Crash tests 3) Hardness tests 4) Metallographic tests Nondestructive test (NDT) NDT is a wide group of techniques used in science and industry to evaluate the properties of a material. These tests are generally much easier to carry out. troubleshooting. In order to understand a specimen's structural performance or ma behaviour under different loads. and economic. yield more information.i INSPECTION DESTRUCTIVE TEST NON-DESTRUCTIVE Destructive Test:The tests are carried out to the specimen's failure.

and are easier of a material. . and research. component or ubleshooting.ctural performance or material ore information.