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88S. St SOCIOLOGIA Ge Ath on OXFORD STUDIES IN SOCIAL OF MIXED BLOOD AND CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY , (nord Seadin in Soil and Call Anthopology expen ee ee hel fey sy nd eblind wa oa we ‘geseognpc oti Innoraion anne ure ore an encase of PETER GOW ‘mato hw Swed nd te Spe OTHER TITLES IN THIS SERIES Scie and Exchange in Nae | Andeow Bas ‘The Female Brideoom: A Compacaive Say of Life Cans ‘Rita in Sout ncn en Si Lanes ‘Arcbony Good | ‘Exchange in Ocraia: A Graph There Anais Per Hage ad Frank Harry SSF ‘CLARENDON PRESS - OXFORD. MBLIOTECA SAN 3 SIBTENA DE SIBLIOTECAS | ae OXEORD / ‘Grae caenon Sane On 8 6B oxen Press iza depranca of te Unie of Cai saraee be nays hc aes a i ‘eed New Yoie Tae wor got autor uve Dee seed Deca gh On Ue ra) eprint 208 ‘i is reser No pro spun my be eee son asl so eed cy Oy a, ‘eiteat he por permis msg of Oxee tnsery Pes crs Sy ey ote meager pre Tepemnplis ets natn Es Coco roe cn cout Se ae tie shoe at sat ose Re Beate, ‘Set Urry Pes ste sare ahve Yow mace ce be in any er intng or comer eyo pon ts sme cools ou ay oop TSINoIDESrES ‘ice os Caps dtd fr io gh inn crear, na Ga, Pe a on aca oe This book is dedicated 10 my young godcbildren om the Bajo Urubamba river, Julio, Jobn, Llermer, Israel, Hermés, Leonard Jackson, and Royer Antonio. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS “This book is based on fieldwork conducted on the Bajo Urabarbs from 1980 so 1982. The exearch was funded bythe Esonomic and Social Research Counell of Great Britain, the Central Reseach Frend of the University of London, and the Meszum of Mankind (Grits Mascum). Further dara was coleted during shor isis in 1984 and 1987, and during 2 Uenmoath period in 1988. This ‘most recent rip was funded by the Nuffield Foundation “The books bared on my doctoral thesis, prepared at the London School of Ezonomis, and 1 would like to thank the staff and seudeuts of tha intiution for chi valuable asisance. Joanna ‘Overing, the expervsor of che thesis, was unfelng in her practical aid and cvveal comments on this work aval sage, Lam aso indebsed to Stephen HughJones and David McKnight, the ‘cxaminer of the thesis, and to Peter Rive, for seis comments land advice. Cecla MeCallum, Maria Pylacou, Eduardo Viveiros Se Casto, Peies Gose, Masrce Bloch, Laura Rival, Eh Belsunde, “Andrew Jones, and Michael Bowles all read the manuscript a feree stages, made sure i made some sense 2nd {gave generously oftheir own thoughts on its subjec and problems Grrssina Toren, Sophie Day, and Marin Stather provided new fnaighes and. Umnely advice, while Terence Turner provided the {aida inspiration. 1 apologize ro Femando Santos and Frederica Barclay for never lening them se the manaserit, and thank them for thee orientation. My family have given me constant support hroughout this project on the meaning of Kinship, even when it ‘ook me far away from them. ‘This book owes a geat deal othe errwhil residents of smal flat in Mieaflores:Difwya_ and Claire Jenkins and Cecilia ‘McCallom. 1 thanke Penny Harvey, Carlos’ Montenegro, Alorso ‘Zarsar, Kathy Brice, Graham Townsley, Doa and Mandy Pater, land Plirisa Thorndike for thet help in Lima and beyond Alejandro Camino, Jaime Reagan, and the Centro Amazénico de ‘Aneropologia y Aplicacin Pricien were invaluable in tering me ‘through the bureaucracy. [would ike 1 thank Agustin Riva, the Fllomeno brothers Benedict Carp the officals ofthe Ministerio e Edocacién and CODECOP in Atalaya, and che Dominican