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8 EDITORIAL

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THE HINDU I HYDERABAD, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 2013

Dialogue is the only option
The only way to weaken anti-India forces in Pakistan is for New Delhi to commit itself clearly and purposefully to a peace process with the democratically elected civilian government there
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 2013
Satyabrata Pal

Much-needed clarity
he Supreme Court’s categorical ruling that any compromise between victim and perpetrator in a rape case cannot be grounds for awarding a lesser prison term is a timely restatement of a salutary principle in sentencing policy. It is a reminder of the basic principle that punishment must be proportional to the gravity of the offence, and that there is no room for extraneous factors, much less something as invidious as a compromise, invariably arrived at under pressure. Some courts, including the High Courts, have made use of a proviso in the Indian Penal Code concerning rape to hand out jail terms less than the prescribed minimum sentence of seven or 10 years, citing factors such as a compromise between the rape survivor and the convict or accused, the efflux of time, claims that the woman is happily married or, more odiously, that the offender had promised to marry the target of his predatory crime. Thankfully, the amendment to criminal law brought in earlier this year has omitted this proviso to Section 376(2). The Court has done well to rule out compromises, noting that it will only be an additional burden on victims. In the last decade, the Apex Court has repeatedly deprecated the tendency to take judicial note of purported compromises and reduce sentences given by the trial court for rape. In the latest judgment in Shimbhu and Another vs. State of Haryana, Chief Justice P. Sathasivam refers to a 2011 case in which the Supreme Court itself had accepted such a compromise, but wisely rules that such verdicts, which seem to run afoul of sound sentencing principles, ought to be seen only in the light of the peculiar facts of those cases and not cited as precedents. He also strikes a note of caution to subordinate courts against any casual or cavalier use of judicial discretion to reduce the quantum of punishment. After all, as courts have often pointed out, rape is a crime against society and not merely against an individual. The restatement of basic principles, often a necessity in a diverse country, is particularly welcome in the context of the disturbing frequency with which the offence of rape hits the headlines today. What another Bench of the Apex Court noted last month is further cause for concern: 90 per cent of rape cases in the country end in acquittal. It has expanded the scope of a plea for justice on behalf of a gang rape survivor and sought responses from all State governments on the question of rehabilitating such victims. While social conditions vary from State to State, depending on how entrenched feudal and patriarchal tendencies are in a particular milieu, the vulnerability of women seems to be uniformly high.

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Inverting past practice

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It all ads up
orget the race for eyeballs, TRPs and “breaking news.” The fiercest battle the broadcasting industry is fighting today is against the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), whose decision last March to enforce a rule limiting advertisement time on television to 12 minutes-perhour has news channels up in arms. Though worried about the financial implications, the Indian Broadcasting Foundation, the umbrella industry body, had initially accepted the directive. Indeed, broadcasters had signed up to the rule as part of their original licensing arrangements. Though the regulator allowed a transition period whereby networks could gradually come into compliance, news channels lobbied the government and Information and Broadcasting Minister Manish Tewari urged an unmoved TRAI to stand down till digitisation was complete. Citing shrinking revenues due to the ad-cap rule, the channels then moved the Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT), which on Friday restrained TRAI from taking any coercive action for non-compliance. While TRAI seems to have gone overboard in seeking criminal prosecution of channels, it would be unfair to blame it for going by the rule-book. The regulator is acting on behalf of consumers, who form the silent majority, rather than the vocal media businesses, which constitute a minority. At stake is not freedom of expression, but the bottom line, which is in trouble because of structural factors. Many news channels have a top-heavy model with distorted salary patterns. News networks have expanded way beyond their means. Their credibility is at an all-time low. A skewed television rating system allowed them to project greater reach than they had; expanding measurement to smaller towns is already reflecting different — and more realistic — viewership patterns. The gloomy economic environment is not helping. Many channels made a conscious decision to move towards integrated newsrooms to take advantage of technology. To only blame the TRAI decision for recent job-cuts — as is being done to exert pressure on it to pull back — is disingenuous. In the case of one big network, the downsizing appears to be a result of assertion of control by its new corporate owners. In fact, this issue — of corporate ownership and cross-media holdings — is next on TRAI’s agenda. As the regulator tries to clean up India’s broadcasting space, it should act only after due consultation with all stakeholders. It must also keep off issues of content. On its part, the government may be keen to curry favour with corporate media houses in the election season. But it would do well to stay out of the ad-time issue and allow the industry’s regulatory institutions to do their work.

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his refers to the reports “Juvenile gets 3 years in Delhi gang rape case” & “A shocking verdict, say parents of Delhi gang rape victim” (Sept.1). The “juvenile offender” was the most brutal of the girl’s attackers. Let us not forget in a hurry the horrifying extent of her injuries. In this case, this boy-man will end up stalking the streets in another 25 months while his partners in crime await the death penalty. In such extreme cases, it would be better if the offender is arrested once again and tried in the regular court. He should be punished unless he proves beyond doubt that he has reformed himself and has truly repented. The onus must be on the criminal.

M.V.S. Murthy,

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Mysore

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t is fine that the sentence was given in accordance with existing law, but the brutality of the accused and the borderline age limit should have been reconsidered in a broad framework keeping in mind the growing involvement of juveniles in all sorts of crimes. In this particular case, while a bone test is an approved method, why was his school certificate used in determining his age?

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emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu.co.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. very different. Delhi case verdict been Anandasubramanian C.P., Chennai

ffective juvenile laws work in the U.S. and the U.K. as there is evidence that there are adequate monitoring mechanisms, and that such convicts repent and are rehabilitated. But, it does not seem to work in India if statistics are an indicator. The law needs amendment in India and must serve as a deterrent.
Ifthekar Killedar,

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Dharwad orrection is a subject matter that concerns the particular individual but the message from this verdict does not appear to help instil fear in juveniles to avoid succumbing to temptations of the vulgar and violent kind. However, the JJB cannot be faulted for the verdict, the existing laws being what they are.
Christopher Antony,

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Why are terrorists now attacking our troops at the LoC, when, earlier, infiltrators tried to evade them? It is because their primary aim then was to cause turmoil inside J&K, which could be passed off as local opposition to Indian rule. By definition, if armed men were fighting their way in, this fiction would be hard to maintain. Covering fire by the Pakistan Army let the infiltrators get in undetected as our forces kept their heads down. The attacks now taking place are an inversion of earlier practice: the infiltrators only target an Indian patrol, kill a few and then retreat into Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). This has nothing to do with keeping the insurgency alive in J&K. These attacks have a purely political objective, to create an outrage in India that will force the government to take a hard line on the Pakistan government. Why, though, must the Pakistan Army turn to subterfuge, instead of making its gov- Consensus for peace Though we sneer at it, the last two elecernment say that unless Kashmir is settled on its terms, everything else has to wait? It is tions there have been a clear reflection of the because there are few takers for this line now will of the majority. Baiting India was not an

Domestic parallel

Third, we are trying to make peace precisely because we do not have it. The complete end of violence is the objective we expect to negotiate. It is unreasonable to impose as a precondition for a dialogue something that we hope will be its outcome. We have not done this in dealing with politically-driven violence within India. The insurgencies in Mizoram, Nagaland, Assam and Punjab would never have been contained had the government of India not had the courage to start a political process even while they continued. Sacrifices had to be made and lives lost, but the violence was isolated and neutralised through a political process which began with a dialogue. Even now, in Assam, the Bodos whom the Army and police kill are described in their reports as cadres of the “NDFB anti-talks faction.” Our government should look on the

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CARTOONSCAPE
papers, asks judge,” Aug.30). This appears to be the tactic being adopted by the scam-tainted UPA to have us believe that everything is fine under its dispensation.
V. Padmanabhan,

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M. Jameel Ahmed,

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from commanding an unwarranted military intervention. Mysore

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Ikbal Ahmed,

New Delhi

t is regrettable that there is a demand for greater punishment for the youth. Three years of a reformatory term is just. In our society, such delinquents are generally shunned by their kith and kin. Once they finish their term, there is really no life left for them. They have to fend for themselves and suffer in silence till the end.

Bangalore

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his verdict is a clear case of why age should not be used as parameter to decide whether the person is guilty or innocent after committing a despicable act. In the case of juvenile crime, there is a need to reduce the age to 15 from the present 18.

P.S. Gopalan,

Coimbatore

s on many occasions in the past, the Prime Minister has failed to speak out at the right time. His belated speech was uncharacteristically aggressive and only showed up as an alibi-seeking exercise. Being combative is no substitute for statesmanship.

In the Rajya Sabha

T.K.S. Thathachari,

Bangalore

H.P. Murali,

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Bangalore

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he accused does not magically become a child when just a few months or days ahead of his 18th birthday and then, instantly, a full grown adult on his 18th birthday. Biological evolution is gradual and the extent of his crime which led to the death of an innocent girl cannot be excused by strict interpretation of the law. He committed this crime not with his eyes closed. Considering the extent of the crime, he should have been tried as an adult, like they do in other countries. One can only say this: if the victim had been the daughter or sister of a high profile statesman, the result would have

t was amusing to read the report (“PM, Jaitley cross swords, Aug. 31) where Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, when asked about the missing coal files, said, “I am not the custodian of files of the Ministry of Coal” (Aug.31). Such an evasive reply was not expected from Dr. Singh. Jawaharlal Nehru once said in Parliament that every word the prime minister says is law.

t is ironic that a recipient of the coveted Nobel Peace Prize will now be the architect of death and destruction. Sweden must immediately recall the award. Barack Obama must realise that the unnecessary wars America conducted in West Asia only resulted in great misery, with innumerable lives being lost and properties devastated. There were no weapons of mass destruction. It was not very long ago that Mr. Obama said he admired Mahatma Gandhi as being the votary of peace.

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r. Singh’s speech of indignation cannot be attributed to anything other than his inability to face the Opposition onslaught, especially when the election is near. How far it will help him is anybody’s guess. Parliamentary disruption and missing files on coal serve only as fillers in the speech.

Anand Jha,

New Delhi hapter 7 of the U.N. charter which permits military action “to protect civilians” is glibly invoked as obligating foreign armed intervention, conveniently disregarding the fact that the question of protecting people will arise only if there is continuing and repeated massacres of civilians and not for a one-off incident like Syria. What we are witnessing is once again the roll-out of America’s neo-imperialistic and hegemonic designs in oil-rich West Asia. Mr. Obama is no different from his predecessors.
A.N. Lakshmanan,

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P.R.V. Raja,

D. Sethuraman,

Pandalam

Chennai

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nstead of answering questions on how the coal block files went missing, the government seems to be diverting attention by resorting to word jugglery. As a bench of the Supreme Court has observed, there seems to be an element of foul play (“Is there a bid to destroy coal http://jobs.exoticablogs.com

On Syria

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merica’s hegemony threatens to bring about a replay of Iraq 2003 — it has yet to reconcile itself to the concept of “soft power” (Joseph Nye Jr.) One hopes the global community will be able to persuade Mr. Obama to refrain

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Moving ahead

he killing of five jawans at the Line of Control (LoC) has once again hobbled our already halting progress towards peace with Pakistan and shows that our soldiers have now become hostages to fortune: Pakistani naysayers and their Indian mirror-images know that the easiest way to stop a rapprochement is to kill an Indian soldier. Under General Kayani, there has been a clear and very obvious shift in the use to which skirmishes at the LoC are being put. Sending infiltrators into Jammu and Kashmir is of secondary importance; the primary objective is to create incidents that would nip in the bud any attempt to make peace. In 2008, every public statement by Asif Zardari, proclaiming his intention to make peace was followed by an attack on a soft Indian target. When raids on Indian soldiers at the LoC did not work, our Embassy in Kabul was attacked, which did derail the process for several months. When the leaders nevertheless met in New York in the autumn and decided to resume the process, Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) went further with Mumbai, attacking it on the evening that its Foreign Minister arrived in Delhi for talks.

in Pakistan. Most Pakistanis want a normal relationship with India, and will support their government on this. The Army fears peace, except on its terms, but does not want to be seen as the spoiler. Instead of trying to mould Pakistani public opinion, therefore, it is, with great success, moulding ours. The challenge put by our media to our government, to decide if it wants dialogue or security, is the one the Pakistan Army would like to pose to its people, but now cannot. There is no choice involved. Every dialogue between nations is to promote their interests, which include security. Between nuclear-armed States, which cannot settle their differences through war, as the United States and USSR showed, steady dialogue is the proven way of whittling away at concerns over security. Dialogue promotes security; security is not undermined by dialogue. We have tried coercive belligerence, which stops short of war, in Operation Parakram, but this did not pay dividends. After a year of being Trishanku, we marched our men back from the border and resumed a dialogue with Pakistan. That, of course, was with a general in power, and it will be argued that a dialogue with a civilian government is futile as long as its Army calls the shots. It is true that the Army is still immensely powerful, but it no longer has an entirely freehand vis-à-vis India, as the devious ploys it is using to block progress show. This is because of the growing strength of Pakistani democracy.

issue in either. The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) are publicly committed to improving relations with us. There is an implicit national consensus on this in Pakistan, which its Army has shown that it cannot ignore, and which we must not. It will still be argued that talking to Pakistan after terrorist attacks would be rewarding it for bad behaviour, and therefore its government must first give assurances that these will stop. This demand is illogical, for three reasons. First, if we believe its Army does not obey its politicians, we cannot expect them to give us these assurances. Predicating dialogue on a condition which cannot be met is self-defeating, because the Pakistan Army gets its strength from an absence of peace with India. Stasis is what it wants. The more we show that we will press ahead, and the more this determination is reflected in practical, tangible benefits for the common man, the more the Pakistan Army will be weakened, and the government strengthened. It is only then that a civilian government there can crack the whip, not now. Second, if we should not talk to, or do business with, a government unwilling to rein in terrorists who operate from its territory, we should remember that Iqbal Mirchi lived and died in the United Kingdom and Dawood Ibrahim spends much of his time in the UAE. The governments there were insensitive on a matter of the gravest national importance to us, but we have deepened our ties with them nevertheless, simply because that served our interests best. Why should we make an exception in the case of the government of Pakistan?

Pakistan Army as the anti-talks faction there, but hold a sustained dialogue with the civilian government. Not talking to it, or putting the peace process in cold storage, plays into the Pakistan Army’s hands; it does not persuade it to change. We must make it clear to the generals that they cannot stymie progress towards peace. From Rajiv Gandhi’s time, every government has tried to make peace with Pakistan, but has been thwarted by political problems there. Benazir Bhutto in her first innings was undermined by the Army, using Nawaz Sharif; when he saw the light, he was sabotaged by Musharraf, who, however, as President, made a sustained effort with Prime Ministers Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh to make peace. That failed at the last gasp when he lost political support in Pakistan. Now, however, between the PPP and the PML, there is a bipartisan consensus in Pakistan that peace with India is in its interest. When the time is propitious, it is tragic that politics has become so fractious in India that on a matter of national interest, party political differences dominate and inhibit our policy.

It is important to stress, therefore, that talking to Pakistan does not mean that we are soft on it. Trying to make peace with Pakistan is not a sign of weakness. These are imperatives, which every government in India has acknowledged over the last three decades. The government that comes to power after the next election will do the same. It too will try to make peace with Pakistan. If it does not, it will be abdicating its responsibility and charting a course that diverges so completely from its predecessors that it is unlikely to get broad, political support. This government must therefore reach out to the country and explain why it must continue to explore options of making peace with Pakistan. It is a given that if the Prime Ministers agree to meet at the U.N. General Assembly, there will be outrages at the LoC or in India, to torpedo the meeting and ensure that, if it does take place, no substantive discussions are possible. If the Prime Ministers do agree on the next steps, the provocations will increase. These are inevitable. We can certainly urge the government of Pakistan to stop these, but should know that, realistically, they currently cannot. We must nevertheless persevere so that they eventually can. (Satyabrata Pal is a former High Commissioner to Pakistan.)

Elephant capture

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his refers to the photo feature (some Tamil Nadu editions, Aug.31) with the title “Freedom lost.” The last sentence, that quoted Mr. G. Janardhanan, president, Public Awareness Association of Udhagamandalam, that “the move to tame the wild animals amounted to a violation of wildlife rules” may create a wrong impression. As a former additional principal chief conservator of forests, I have this to say. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 or the rules framed under the Act do not totally prohibit the capturing of any wild animal or its taming. This is allowed under certain circumstances. This specific instance of translocating the elephants — captured at Tiruvannamalai and then sent to the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve — and domesticating them is governed by Section 11 of the Act. As provided in the proviso 2 to clause (a) of subsection 1 of Section 11 of the Act, the chief wildlife warden can issue an order to keep the captured animals in captivity if he is satisfied that such a captured animal cannot be rehabilitated in the wild and records the reasons in writing for coming to such a decision. I am sure that in this instance too, the chief wildlife warden would have followed the provisions of the Wildlife Act.

K.P.M. Perrumahl,

Coimbatore

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12 EDITORIAL

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THE HINDU I BANGALORE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 2013

The political overlords of a violent underclass
Skewed growth is pushing the marginalised into the arms of waiting netas who turn them into tools of violence
Rajrishi Singhal

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 2013

Towards a lower trajectory

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Streamlining building approvals

maze of procedures, inconsistent processes and lack of transparency have made the system of building approvals inefficient and corrupt. Many construction projects suffer inordinate delay and cost overruns because of this. It affects individual home builders and large promoters alike. Simplifying approvals without compromising the safety of a structure is a long overdue reform. The expert committee constituted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA) has recently proposed solutions to streamline procedures and fast track construction approvals. Would these recommendations, coming as they do after previous unsuccessful attempts, bring about the much-needed change? A World Bank study in 2012 identified that a building permit in Indian cities on an average involves 34 procedures and takes about 196 days. In contrast, Singapore, which is a world leader in best construction practices, stipulates 11 procedures and takes only 26 days to sanction. Since 2006, various government committees have looked into this issue and recommended improvements, but to no avail. The expert committee constituted by the MHUPA last year has now come up with three broad categories of reforms. The first set of recommendations concern procedures: government agencies have to lay down clear processes with firm time commitment; develop comprehensive building rules that would remove cumbersome requirements such as obtaining multiple clearances; and reduce the burden on local bodies by permitting qualified personnel to self-certify building plans. The second set of reforms aims at setting up a single window system using information technology for screening building permission applications. The last category is about improving capacities in local bodies. A few cities in India have implemented ITbased automated building approval procedures, but these still do not function as true single window systems as related departments cannot share the information. They also seem rudimentary when compared with intelligent systems used in places such as Singapore, where builders can get clearances from more than 10 departments by filing a single application. An efficient one-stop solution is possible only when e-governance is fully integrated across different government agencies. The emphasis must be on removing various discretionary powers vested with the government. Such provisions not only operate outside the streamlined and automated processes but are also often misused. Self-certification and other recommendations would be meaningful and effective only when there is strong enforcement and zero tolerance of violations. Speedy approval is necessary, but so is organised development.

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emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu.co.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. provocations is something no selfDealing with respecting nation will pursue just because it will help to influence the Pakistan internal, political dynamics of the

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he idea that pursuing peace talks and continuing negotiations with Pakistan is the only way forward and the path that will help both victim countries (“Dialogue is the only option,” editorial page, Sept.2). Warfare will only lead to destruction and violence which neither country can ill-afford. India must now aim to strengthen democratic forces in Pakistan. No doubt it will be a very slow process, with more wounds being inflicted, but staying the course will ensure that the peaceloving tortoise beats the terrorloving hare.
Khushdil Singh,

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oth countries have a rich and common history; fought like brothers against imperialism, and then fallen victim to communal forces. Now, both nations yearn for peace. India must push ahead with trade, people-to-people contacts by road and rail and win the confidence of the democratic government there. Simultaneously, Pakistan must show that it cares and push ahead with enhancing the most favoured nation status.

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n a rare confidence-building exercise, the Prime Minister on Friday assured Parliament that his government would strictly adhere to pre-stated fiscal consolidation norms and was committed to putting the economy back on “the path of stable, sustainable growth.” The financial markets, which have been under intense pressure, responded positively. Significantly, even the dismal GDP growth figures for the first quarter (April-June) of 2013-14 which were released by the Central Statistics Office on Friday evening have not dented the confidence of the financial markets so far. The only plausible explanation is that the markets have anticipated the slowdown accurately. Most forecasts by analysts put growth in a range of between 4.2 and 4.7 per cent. The true significance of the 4.4 per cent GDP growth rate lies elsewhere. It is the lowest quarterly growth rate in four years, and even more relevantly, reinforces the widely prevalent view of the economy inexorably moving towards a lower growth trajectory. During the last quarter of 2012-13, the growth rate was 4.8 per cent and for the whole year five per cent. The slowdown is all pervasive and is likely to extend to the next quarter as well. The full impact of the rupee depreciation and the collateral damage caused by the Reserve Bank of India’s monetary tightening will be felt during this period. There is hardly anything suggesting a significantly better tomorrow. Agriculture posted a 2.7 per cent increase and can possibly do better as a bountiful monsoon leaves its impact. But agriculture has a small share in the GDP. By contrast, industry has been in the doldrums, declining by 1.2 per cent over last year. The contraction in manufacturing (-1.2 per cent) and mining and quarrying (-2.8 per cent) have been captured by the monthly industrial output figures. Gross fixed capital formation has gone down by 1.2 per cent while private consumption expenditure increased by a measly 1.6 per cent, thus squeezing the economy from both sides. Services, the traditional growth driver, increased by a modest 6.6 per cent. Among its components, “community, social and personal services,” a proxy for government spending, posted an impressive 9.4 per cent growth. However, government finances are under strain — the fiscal deficit data released on the same day are not at all encouraging — and it is obvious that this sub-segment will not be able to deliver again to the same extent. The most telling commentary on the slowdown is that the Prime Minister’s expectation of a modest 5.5 per cent growth during the current year may not materialise, a far cry from the average eight per cent projected during the 12th Plan (2012-17).

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Becoming invincible
When utilised by political parties as the blunt edge of a bludgeon, this section of society acquires a modicum of invincibility. Given the large-scale subversion of the police force by politicians, lumpens have acquired a sense of daredevilry, a brazen approach to law and order. Immunity from arrests and indifference towards due process of law has invested them with a special feeling of invulnerability. Some of this imperviousness is inevitable as criminals, or individuals with criminal accusations, become elected representatives themselves. This is a disease that afflicts all political parties. According to the Association for Democratic Reforms, 1,448 of India’s 4,835 MPs and State legislators have declared criminal cases against them. In fact,

adversary. If Pakistan’s politicians are unable to tame their belligerent and Indophobic army, it is their problem. The Utopian peace-atany-cost policy has outlived its utility vis-à-vis Pakistan.
V.N. Mukundarajan,

Thiruvananthapuram

GM crops

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ndian farmers are burdened with the task of increasing productivity, keeping in mind a growing population and limited natural resources (“Sow the wind, reap the storm,” Op-Ed, Sept. 2). We are expected to toil in fields with outdated technologies and reap near to no returns for all our hardship. I say this as secretarygeneral of the Consortium of Indian Farmers Associations. The TEC’s recommendations are a step towards ensuring the dark future of Indian farmers, and we will not allow this. Farmers’ needs need to be supported even in the face of such widespread activism and an unreliable policy landscape.

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under Bt cotton. In spite of worldwide practical results, the technical group appointed by the Supreme Court has chosen to stick to the indefinite moratorium recommendation it gave on GM crop trials to the Court, which is quite a surprise.
K.V.S. Krishna,

he rape of a photojournalist in midtown Mumbai has revived public indignation and the debate that followed the brutal and barbaric rape of a young Delhi girl in December 2012. Amidst much hand-wringing and a rerun of inanities over national television, talking heads seem to have once again missed the central narrative — the rising tide of assorted violent acts, the political patronage (both explicit and implicit) that’s sponsoring it and how rape might be an integral part of this hostile environment. What’s more, the horrific incidents of rape continue unabated. As India staggers from a semi-feudal society to one that’s embracing a strange (and hybrid) version of capitalism, violence in its myriad forms has emerged as the dominant template. The repertoire of violence has graduated from booth-capturing during elections to assassinating political opponents (including whistle-blowers), from vandalising art shows to rape and murder. And the culprits seem to be getting away each time. While the government continues to attract a large share of public censure for its inaction, the blame should ideally lie with the entire political class. It is this section of society, and the trajectory of its evolution, which seems to be strengthening the foundations of violence in our society. Every political party today — across all aisles and the entire spectrum — has to maintain a large army of warm bodies, described variously as “lumpen proletariats,” or “lumpens” or “the underclass,” for implementing its dirty tricks. In simple terms, these are people thought to inhabit the space below the working class. Social scientists use the term to describe anybody who lives outside the pale of the formal wage-labour system. Disenfranchised and conventionally unemployable, political parties use these people to commit acts — most of which are outright criminal — to improve its own popularity and election prospects.

Violence is also a way of ensuring maintenance of this privilege. On the day of the Mumbai rape incident, a Shiv Sena MLA abused and threatened women employees of a toll booth in Maharashtra. About a fortnight ago, Shiv Sena and Maharashtra Navnirman Sena party workers beat up North Indian migrant workers in Kolhapur at random as a protest against the rape of a fiveyear-old allegedly by a labourer from Jharkhand. Not very long ago, a fringe, religio-political outfit in Mangalore, Karnataka, used the excuse of moral offence to inflict violence against young boys and girls. A senior police officer in Uttar Pradesh was shot dead — allegedly by associates of a local politician — when investigating a land dispute.

Police reforms
If these examples of violence seem random and arbitrary, here is the simple truth: if you can dream up any imaginary offence against any section of society, contemporary Indian political grammar gives you the licence to inflict violence against that segment. In the meantime, certain law officers and do-gooders wanting to eradicate rape and sexual crimes from society seem intent on examining the wrong end of a telescope: they are contemplating a ban on pornography. What’s even more unfortunate is that the police look on helplessly, since their career progression is tied closely to the moods of political masters orchestrating these unorganised armies. Sometimes, they refuse to act even against political goons out of power because who knows what hand will be dealt during the next election. There have been numerous suggestions and various committee reports on how to reform the police force. The Supreme Court in 2006 had also suggested seven measures to improve the police force. But like all other tough decisions, the government swept this too under the carpet. In addition, lack of proper investigation and poor documentation by the police often forces the judiciary to put criminals back on the streets even before you can say Amar-Akbar-Anthony. As a result, the fear of law ceases to exist.

641 of these 1,448 are facing serious charges like murder, rape and kidnapping. The violence is also reflective of the pushing and jostling for elusive entitlements, a handmaiden of the stop-go model of development pursued by India. Asynchronous development of the economy and its institutions often lead to the privileged sections of society cornering disproportionate gains, resulting in discontent among the less fortunate. This then becomes a fertile hunting ground for political dividends. As the economy staggers through a new model of development without overhauling the outdated feudal structure — that still discriminates on the basis of caste, sex, class — missed opportunities and unrealised aspirations push many of the deprived into the arms of opportunist politicians. Divested of education and employment opportunities, bereft of basic health facilities, exploited by the powerful and ignored by society, the underclass can only turn to political warlords for not only survival but to also actualise their dreams and aspirations. They become the shadow army, the heaving underbelly that the urban middle class doesn’t want to talk about. Writing in the newspaper Business Standard, T.N. Ninan described the men behind the Delhi rape: “The men who raped and killed...have biographies that are starkly different. Their families may not have been from backgrounds vastly different from that of the girl’s father; they too were mostly one generation removed from villages in North Indian states. But they fell through the cracks in the Indian system — cracks that are so large that they are the system itself.” To be sure, the combination of economic prosperity for a select few and abject poverty for large sections of the population is a guaranteed recipe for social combustion. When privilege, or nepotism, determines access to scarce resources, conflict is bound to erupt. Inequality, of any kind, remains the springwell for all conflicts.

Growing intolerance

Another form of violent behaviour is now finding sanction from political parties across ideological divides — a new-found love for banning painters, authors, film-makers, etc. Political parties find justifications for banning any art form, using hired goons — who have perhaps never been acquainted with the contentious piece of work — to vandalise and wreak havoc. Recently, supporters of a right wing party vandalised an art show in Ahmedabad for exhibiting works of Pakistani artists. A political party has to only utter indignant statements about any creative work and a ban is immediately enforced. Canada-based, Indian-born writer Rohinton Mistry’s award winning book Such a Long Journey was hurriedly removed from Mumbai University’s syllabus after similar pro-

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T
O.P. Swaminathan,

Curbing fuel use
he Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister’s idea of having the sale of petroleum products suspended at night smacks of ignorance and shows a bankruptcy of ideas. He should know that trade and commerce is most active at night. What we need are pragmatic steps to curb automobile use. The ruling elite and Parliamentarians also need to follow this rule. Bangalore

P. Chengal Reddy,

New Delhi

Chennai

Kamaldeep Singh,

New Delhi he article admits that successive Indian governments in the last three decades have been trying to talk peace with Pakistan. Despite the failure of the elusive search for harmony, the author has reiterated the banal “there is no substitute to dialogue” argument which rests on a dangerous and untenable premise that it is India’s job to mould public opinion in Pakistan and weaken the Pakistan Army’s influence in policy-making. India has done its part to avert a major conflict on two occasions when it was justified in launching an offensive against terrorists operating from Pakistani soil — after the attack on Parliament and the horror inflicted on Mumbai. No nation is as forgiving of injustice and treachery as India. Unlimited restraint in the face of blatant

L

T

ast week, Union Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar spoke on how cotton boll worm damage was controlled by Bt cotton. Now, 93 per cent of Indian farmers grow it, with: India’s production going up from 137 lakh bales to 352 lakh bales, yield per hectare going up from 191 kg to 491 kg and farmer’s income doubling. But, it took a decade before they could be fully convinced about Bt cotton. As an agronomist, I quite agree with the views in the article that those opposing GM crops ignore scientific evidence of their harmlessness and are depriving the nation of the wider benefits of agro-biotechnology. In 2010, over 148 million hectares of GM crops were grown worldwide with the U.S. in the lead — 66.8 million hectares or 16.5 per cent of its agricultural lands. For India, it was 9.4 million hectares or 5.22 per cent of its land, mostly http://jobs.exoticablogs.com

he writer’s accusation that the Technical Expert Committee is misleading the Supreme Court is not correct. There is also no clear explanation given as to how it is doing this. One is apprehensive of MNCs as their aim is profit and not welfare. Comparing the methods adopted in China with that in India is also not a right option. The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development report says that we must look to small holder traditional farming to deliver food security. The concerns of activists are also based on scientific evidence and need to be given attention too. Since there is a possibility that GM crops can cause irreversible damage, every step should be taken cautiously.
Ajish Jimmy George,

T

D

ue to the slump in the rupee’s value against the dollar, imported crude is bound to cost the earth. There are reports that this may be as much as Rs.9,500 crore. Our sugar factories are producing a large quantity of molasses as a by-product. Molasses can be converted into ethanol which could be mixed with petrol. If 10 per cent ethanol is mixed with petrol, it will not only reduce the import bill considerably but also reduce the cost of petrol.

K. Somasundaram,

Devakottai

New Delhi
BG-BG

CM YK

co m
Verma report

tests. Violence takes many forms and unfortunately India has become home to most of these varieties: imported terrorism, domestic violence, female foeticide, armed insurgency, criminal activity, communal acts, oppression (of caste or gender), etc. While politics does have an indirect role in promoting domestic violence or some criminal activities, its fingerprints are all too visible in all the other forms of violence perpetrated in the country. It’s surprising that a country which gained independence from colonial powers through the instrument of non-violence should today exhibit such a preponderance of violence in its daily life. But what is baffling is how, increasingly, rape is committed without any fear of legal reprisal or the extent of punishment that might be meted out. Sample the West Bengal government’s reluctance to prosecute party workers accused of rape. It is therefore not surprising that increasing incidents of mindless violence and sexual assaults are being reported from across the country. Judicial commissions and committees are slowly drawing attention to this aberrant social phenomenon: political sanction for violence.

The Justice Verma Committee castigates the political class in its report for pandering to chauvinistic and patently anti-women organisations (such as khap panchayats). The committee also pans the political class for ignoring the rights of women since Independence: “Have we seen an express denunciation by Parliament to deal with offences against women? Have we seen the political establishment ever discuss the rights of women and particularly access of women to education and such other issues over the last 60 years in Parliament? We find that over the last 60 years the space and the quantum of debates which have taken place in Parliament in respect of women’s welfare has been extremely inadequate.” A licence to kill should ideally live only in fiction. A free hand to maim or murder has created a fascist mindset, a mental construct that is at odds with the aspirations of an ancient civilisation trying to find a place on the high table of the modern, free world. It is often argued that the first step in evolving sustainable solutions probably lies in creating independent institutions. But, that might not be enough. As Nobel Prize winning economist and philosopher Amartya Sen has said in his book The Idea of Justice, the existence of democratic institutions is no guarantee of success. “It depends inescapably on our actual behaviour patterns and the working of political and social interactions.” The first step then might be to provide everybody with equal opportunity — access to education, employment, health care, basic infrastructure (like water or power) — and to overhaul the political system itself by reforming campaign finance. (Rajrishi Singhal is a Mumbai-based policy analyst.)

he plan only brought a smile to my face. It is downright foolish. Shutting down bunks at this hour will only shut down the country given that trade thrives at this hour. A move to increase the price of fuel in varying degrees during these 12 hours is one idea that can be thought of.
Vipin Kumar Nambiar M.K.,

T

Bangalore

Inimitable Frost

D

avid Frost was a legend, popular on both sides of the Atlantic. He had a knack of asking the beguiling of questions with potentially lethal consequences.

C.G. Kuriakose,

Kothamangalam ho can ever forget the TV host who captured a President! The secret of his interviewing style was to put people at their ease. His relationship with Al Jazeera also played a crucial part in establishing the reputation of the Qatar-owned network as a global news provider which challenges the hegemony of western broadcasters.
Vijay D. Patil,

W

Pune

For.N. but that instrument applies to armed conflict between states. Chennai I t was amusing to read that India is placed at number 3 behind Brazil and Egypt in a group of countries which are being closely monitored by the U. P emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. the government was obliged to retain them in a supernumerary status. The newly constituted department of disability affairs in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment should strive towards bringing the law-making process to fruition at the earliest.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. According to a proposal the Petroleum Ministry has sent to the Prime Minister. how can we be certain that studies/ research conducted in the last two decades can prove that everything is hunky-dory? M. It is discomforting to hear SecSyrian government politically and morally retary Kerry speak with such certitude and T. V.S. Vathsala Vijayakumar T Chennai BG-BG .S. Saddam Hussein remained an acceptable interlocutor till the change of political calculations made him an enemy. which Indian scientists must read and use to challenge in open debate if they support GM crops for India. The writer seems to forget that politicians are also a cross-section or representation of our society. Instead of attempting to solve every problem with this one technology.30) has given a free rein to his imagination in interpreting the quote. the political and moral case is full of contradictions. forcibly suppressed peaceful demonstrations leaders want others to accept what they say in favour of democracy.R. V. Without food security. Key western leaders have declared time and again that President Assad must and will go. This newspaper argued even at the time of imposition of sanctions on Iran that succumbing to U.N.S. it can be argued.. and there is no sexual violence among them. Sept. illustrating the need to fashion a comprehensive approach on the absorption of new appointees. there is no ht CM YK co m Chennai resident Obama’s plan to take military action against Syria can be legitimately questioned on legal. the choices are not easy but the government should keep in mind the interests of the common man while framing its strategy for fuel conservation. morally skewed obstructionism. obviously. let us wait. The U.S. western powers conveniently ignored these transgressions.V. Security Council approval. A two-judge bench upheld Anil Kumar Mahajan’s appeal against an earlier decision that sought to curtail his tenure by five years. America has lied to the world about its activities. for a period of five years. It is the way forward on extending legal protection for categories of impairments that are not covered under the current law and give fresh impetus to realise the goals of inclusive education. both within the administration and beyond. tic ab lo CARTOONSCAPE sing GM technology in cotton and other such inedible staples is fine.) national security. Until now. team that has just concluded its work was in Syria in response to Syria’s initial request. Reforming campaign finances will no doubt help eliminate money power but not muscle power.000 males. with a poian government cannot be forgiven because it tentially grave fallout elsewhere. is accusing Syria of violating the “norms” against the use of chemical weapons. Syrian bombardments of the site where they were used will destroy any remaining evidence. Only a few will realise that genetical modifications in the lab is a hastening of the process of evolution. Oil companies are big buyers of dollars and have the potential to influence the forex market.N. sets a strong precedent on the codification of protections against contingencies that arise during service. which is stifled by U. causing more casualties than the number of gas attack victims in Damascus.exoticablogs.M. to recognise disability as a dimension of social diversity. President is prepared to strike at Syria alone even as his principal acolyte has been tripped by a parliamentary vote in his own country is baffling. Yet. 2013 Two-faced in West Asia President Barack Obama’s case for intervening in Syria is legally weak. The best way to conserve fuel is to raise prices to market levels.2 million tonnes in 2012-13. report and making it irrelevant to their decision to take military action. is notably absent in the case of Syria. and others to therefore act alone. However. strictly speaking.J.e xo t really is a no-brainer. and that. Athreya. one must acknowledge that there is “controversy” in the scientific literature regarding the health and environmental safety of GMOs.’s use of Evidence U. not the least because such unilateralism imposed forbidding military. it reduced its oil imports from Iran from 21. They are apparently pre-empting the U. 3) are a cause for anguish. Thanjavur Tamil University’s research edition on Bharathiar has the referred line which is: “Thani oruvanukku unavillayenil jagaththinai azhiththiduvom. This extraordinary political flexibility in dealing with developments in Egypt. and plants that are resistant to weedkillers (primarily glyphosate and glufosinate). he revelations by Glenn Greenwald about the NSA monitoring the Brazilian President (Sept. large sections of which are attached to secularism. international reports such as The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge. inspectors have completed their groundwork and delivered their report to the U.S. If the Supreme Court has observed that 90 per cent of rape cases end in acquittal it means that there is something terribly wrong with our justice system as far as sexual violence is concerned. recalling post-Cold War U. Meanwhile.S. defensible. for five months as it sought the extension of the team’s mandate to the whole of Syria. Portraying them as mindless instruments in the hands of the political class is not only insulting but also unjustifiable. These crimes are committed by men who see women as a mere sexual object or by someone who never respects women as equals. until the age of superannuation. buckling to unfair pressure from the U. Security Council in March to send an investigation team. No wonder President Putin has called the accusations against the Syrian government “utter nonsense” and has asked the U. no national sovereignty. even when the latter have to the latest developments in Egypt and the serious concerns about armed action in an turmoil in Syria is politically telling. concerns about al-Qaeda linked extremist religious organisations gaining ground in Syria is conflicting with the goal of breaking Iran’s nexus with Syria and the Hezbollah in the interest of Israel’s security. Palakkad C. an era assumed to be over. watch. which will hopefully push users to economise on consumption. estimated at nearly 10 per cent of India’s population. have not been designated by the international community to enforce “norms” militarily or otherwise on their behalf against recalcitrant states. Security Council has not passed a resolution authorising the use of force against Syria. The landmark verdict. Ideas such as the one to close petrol bunks at night are not just bad but foolish.” Too presumptuous to be called a friend. Thiruvananathapuram http://jobs. is willing to sell oil to India in exchange for payment in rupees. pressure would not be in India’s interests. but not a unilateral military response by a third country against an errant one. The verdict also drives home the necessity. Secretary-General. Its experience in Iraq and Afghanistan as well as in Libya should have counselled extreme caution in getting embroiled in another conflict in the Islamic world. It has not signed the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention.S. but worth a try.N. leaders are convinced that the Assad chemical agents in the Vietnam war also complicates discussions on the moral dimen. India should now push the advantage and maximise its oil purchases from that country. seeing in this emergence of political Islam a solution to the conundrum of marrying Islam with western-style democracy.S.exoticablogs. The downside though is that it will have an adverse impact on inflation. reflected in the workplace and several walks of life. However. simplest.29-30) on poet Subramania Bharati and the issue of food security. Sujatha Byravan. of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. In western eyes purveyed about Saddam Hussein’s non-exthis makes their intervention and that of istent chemical weapons to justify the war Qatar.2 million tonnes in 2009-10 to 13. it has now supported the overthrow of Morsi through a military coup. WEDNESDAY. Where such adjustment was not available. Venugopalan (retd. whose compulsory retirement on grounds of disability the Supreme Court has overturned. which is the root cause of all these problems. not who used them. SEPTEMBER 4. was caught in Turkey in May with two kilos of sarin gas — will upturn the entire western strategy in Syria. But when it comes to edible crops. He appears to be unaware that there is a global movement of scientists and science-based organisations such as the Union for Concerned Scientists (UCS) and the Council for Responsible Genetics (CRG) that have opposed GM plants for a variety of scientific reasons. and. or the United Kingdom.N. If one systematically reviews the literature. The right of self-defence or collective self-defence cannot therefore be invoked to attack Syria militarily. These represent about 95 per cent of commercialised GM plants.N. leaders argue that the U. incidentally. despite their credibility in such ics of the so-called Arab Spring and created matters being especially low after the lies conditions for civil strife. Another solution can be the temporary suspension of the electoral process. They were used in the Iraq-Iran war and by Iraq and Syria internally in the past. not to mention industrial mishaps. implies that non-western P 5 members have an obligation to always concur with invariably principled. U gs . in the case of Iraq. the time has now come for India to unhitch itself from the American bandwagon and step up crude imports from Iran in its own interests. Anand Raj. given the West’s constant vituperations against President Assad. As India fell in line with U.S.S. and this patriarchal society. Holding the Syrian government responsible is politically convenient as it supports the strategy of ousting Assad. I found Dr. and this is causing some confusion and shakiness in western strategy. When mutations take place over the centuries (during evolution).N. Iran. Payyannur the underclass ainting our political leaders as the primary reason behind all violence seems a little exaggerated. It is true that irrespective of the party. They are sion of the western position.. sanctions. With Iran offering the comfort of rupee payments through a bank account with an Indian bank in Kolkata. The creation of independent institutions and equal opportunities are good solutions.).S. rejected the dynam. asanobu Fukuoka’s experience with natural farming is in his book The OneStraw Revolution. Burnt by their experience with the Libyan resolution which the West exploited to attack Libya. Bt-toxin. when peaceful demonstrations demanding the reinstatement of a democratically elected leader have been brutally suppressed by the Egyptian military.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. It is hard to conceive of a more effective advocacy on disability than policies of accommodation that can potentially counter prevailing prejudice and stereotypes. the ability to fix nitrogen and with other improved traits for close to two decades but have failed to produce these. the U. Dawson. compelling the U. Controlling imports and reducing the trade balance are obviously one of the key strategies for reining in the CAD.S. To oust him. unilateralism. even if only a fraction of the disabled.’s target 3 is shocking. even in the next lines. violated international law in using chemical weapons against its own population. It is the consensus of the organic farming movement around the world that GMOs are not compatible with organic farming. The human cost of western interventions in Iraq. Crimes such as these cannot be pinned to a particular class or social background.S. internationally divisive and morally hollow Kanwal Sibal WEDNESDAY. I think the writer mixed up “azhiththal” which means “destroying” and “uzhuthal” which means “ploughing.S. The U. President Assad is still being punished for rejecting that phenomenon in a country where the Muslim Brotherhood has been traditionally highly radical and the danger of sectarian strife in its religiously diverse society. What should the government do? Grab the offer. It may be difficult. The predominant application of this technology has been resistant crops that promote the sale of biotech/chemical company’s chemicals while paying lip service to altruistic motives like increasing yields to feed the world.com s a fellow scientist and a molecular biologist. Chennai tp I ndia’s pro-rich policies since 1991 have ruined even the concept of equal opportunity. A solution to this lies in placing the entire police force under an independent central police commission. Such a move will ease the pressure not just on the current account but also in the forex market as the oil companies will be buying that many dollars less. the bench ruled that those who acquire an impairment while in service had to be accommodated in a position appropriate to their current condition. Syria has not.S. the country’s dollar payments for its oil imports can be brought down by $8. President Obama has announced his readiness to act without U.N. they have bolstered the rebels politically and militarily. is most acute. GM crop developers have been talking about developing crops with higher nutrition.S.K. The argument that Russia and China are responsible for blocking decisions in the Security Council. and Petroleum Minister Veerappa Moily’s suggestion to that effect caused considerable confusion before he clarified the position on Monday. The absurdity of causing humanitarian mayhem in the name of humanitarian action should not escape politicians who are Nobel peace laureates. 2). On GM crops Palakkad A ttributing crimes against women to the poor underclass is egregious. Corporate servile policies have pauperised sustainable village economies and pushed a large number of underprivileged youth into becoming anti-social elements. The U. countenanced the overthrow of President Mubarak. In fact. Why the U. 2013 Fuel for thought I T he case of the 1977-batch Indian Administrative Service officer. every single day lost to procedural delays affects the life prospects of millions. The Syr. No Chief Minister would even think of recommending action against a party worker for having committed a crime. public and private institutions would have to become responsive. a move apparently blocked by the U.” Injustices made poet Bharati very angry and if he said “we will destroy the world. while those that expose problems are typically from scientists that are independent of such influences. Nambiar.V. Anuroop Sunny. condones it as an action to safeguard democracy. it would make sense to ask the question. This is not the first instance of chemical weapons use in West Asia.. Crude oil is the largest component of India’s import bill. Such a posture strengthens suspicions that having drawn a redline which seems to have been breached — even though it is unclear by whom — President Obama is under pressure to act to assert America’s global leadership. It is amazing to note that the expert committee appointed by the Supreme Court gave a contrarian view. in any case. Amartya Sen that such institutions in this democracy are no guarantee for success. Any attempt to control the CAD should obviously start with reducing the crude oil import bill.S. Syria has not used or threatened to use chemical weapons against the United States or other western powers. the question of identification of suitable placements across different services has come into the spotlight. T bs Enabling judgment :// he functioning of democratic institutions between 1952 to 1966 negates the conclusion of Dr. and an even closer look exposes the fact that the papers that fail to find problems with GMOs almost always are from authors with associations with the biotechnology industry. underscores yet again the urgent need for Parliament to enact fresh legislation in this area. The message emanating from the judgment is unambiguous. whereas holding the al-Qaeda linked rebel group Al Nusra responsible — which. the U. In Egypt’s case. Bangalore A Col.5 billion (almost 10 per cent of the CAD) if it imports as much oil from Iran as it did in 2012-13. This is imperative following India’s ratification.S. M Jakarta The last word his is with reference to the letter writers (Aug. Rajan. It is noteworthy that after the first chemical attack in Syria purportedly from rebel positions. the U. C. team’s mandate is only to verify whether chemical weapons have been used. jo . accounting for a third of the total. Furthermore. I am afraid that the second writer (Aug. It is relevant no less to the large numbers rendered severely impaired for life on account of the notoriously high rates of road accidents. no external retribution followed. a number of persons with different disabilities have begun to join the ranks in recent times.already highly combustible region. To the extent that this is a relatively new reality.at face value.government is guilty of the gas attack based on evidence they claim to possess. share the evidence at its disposal.352 females to 1.S. That the second attack on August 21 coincided with the arrival of this team speaks for itself. In all these cases. satisfied with that evidence and do not think Comparing Egypt and Syria that leaders of other major countries need to The contrast between the West’s approach be satisfied too.” This can only be translated as “We will destroy the (whole) world (universe) if there is no food for even one individual. way back in 2007. “what is the most effective. on the lines of the Central Election Commission. SEPTEMBER 4. and British positions as against their own self-serving. The developed world should think in terms of imposing sanctions on the U. Interpreting the 1995 law on disabilities. Not many may appreciate that our wheat and rice have come from a chance crossing between wild grasses which took a long time for it to happen. Syria adhered to the 1925 Geneva Protocol on Chemical Weapons in 1968. Overlords and Bipin T. The U. Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) strongly question the utility of genetic engineered crops in meeting the challenges of the vast majority of farmers around the world and providing food security. is in formal employment. Sukumaran.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials.co. impose President’s rule and then have a central police commission clean things up. vehemence about Assad’s guilt even before the U. which is another 11 million tonnes. Politically convenient U.V. most elegant approach to the problem?” It is surprising for one of India’s respected scientists to be advocating abdication of food security of the nation to multinational corporations. research and do lab-to-land tests for a few decades instead of gulping down what MNCs want us to believe and consume.S. what we have are plants that express pesticide genes. Padmanaban’s framing of the GM debate as science vs.F. and labelled as a “challenge. lawful and constructive U. Violation of “norms” can invite condemnation or even non-military sanctions by individual countries. The U.S. India is grappling with a current account deficit (CAD) of $80 billion that is exerting tremendous pressure on the rupee. it supported the Arab Spring street activists as harbingers of democracy. Leapfrogging over the process of evolution by GM technology is the way to food security. the government has been cutting down on imports from Iran over the past three years. This kind of bullying has to end. the Syrian government asked the U. As regards recruitments under the Union Public Service Commission. The legal case being weak. guided less by principles than by compulsions of self-interest. Contradictions If the legal case for western intervention is weak.” that’s what he meant.” There is no mention of ploughing the whole world and flooding it with food. the sex ratio is 940 females to 1. at the very least. Russia and China may understandably be exceptionally wary on Syria. The ratio among the “uncivilised” Dongriya Kondh tribal people is 1. political and moral grounds. financial sanctions. The U. too preposterous to be called an enemy and too pathetic to be called a problem. Saudi Arabia and Turkey against the against Iraq. pending the identification of one. which Egypt too has not signed and Israel has not yet ratified.S. That rape as an atrocity committed by the poor against the middle class and the elite is a kind of stereotyping that cannot be allowed. the country imported just two million tonnes of crude oil from Iran. In the first five months of this fiscal. P Hyderabad NSA surveillance T J. the government’s announcement that fuel conservation measures will be announced soon has raised expectations and anxieties equally. political and financial costs on the U. not to use within a country’s borders. Clearly.000 males. (Kanwal Sibal is a former Foreign Secretary. if anything. That India is the U. as if they must decide the political fortunes of a foreign head of state in his own country. Afghanistan and Libya have been enormous but are being overlooked in the political calculus underlying an attack on Syria. it backed the Muslim Brotherhood’s rise to power through democratic elections. Such a mentality is created by our so-called culture A person needs a deep understanding of genetics to appreciate the subject of GM crops (Op-Ed. What adds to the irony is that though the Arab Spring is dead. antiscience to be a deeply polarised perspective that is by now comically clichéd. In a civilised world. some politicians try to reap dividends out of the disenfranchised and unemployed underclass. In fact. with the remainder being minor crops engineered for traits such as virus resistance.

is struggling to be a modern secular state. by pragmatically reaching out to Bangladesh now. whom Mr. Thousands of IAS and IPS officers having proximity to their political masters will be doing ahttp://jobs. Modi. Bangladesh is a natural pillar of this policy. big and small! In 1996. with his “evil influence. to connect West Bengal to the north-eastern States. Shah and Mr. Our much heralded ‘Look East Policy. M M he article rightly argues that the U. in the interests of separation of powers. Was he so naïve as to toe the “conscious policy” of the Modi government? When it suited his career ambitions. the deceptive eulogy is merely a cover for a full-blown attack on Mr. but has been allowed to fester.” usurped the Chief Minister’s “eyes and ears. have not been designated by the international community to enforce “norms” on its behalf. Our system will improve only if people in authority treat the Constitution. The only test to be met in such circumstances is that of public interest. the Centre and the States have not been neutral about choosing people for the job. Mohan. India’s stand against military intervention in Syria is welcome. graciously offered a reasonable partnership stake in this project to Bangladesh. Begum Khaleda Zia. Vanzara has set the cat Too late Mr. Economic disparity has been long stated as the root cause of violence.K. What was the quid pro quo he expected for implementing what he calls the “conscious policy” of the Narendra Modi government? Why did he carry out the dastardly acts.S. Had Mr. Hearteningly. Modi and Amit Shah. Vanzara. It is a clear case of self-interest in the name of concern for democracy. Vanzara’s resignation letter has exposed the Gujarat government. Vanzara accuses of “marching towards Delhi” without a thought to the jailed police officers who merely followed the Chief Minister’s orders.S. 7. Regional groupings like BRICS and the Arab League should strongly oppose any action that is not approved by the U. Importantly.T. the only land connection between these two parts of India is the 20 to 25 km wide Siliguri corridor (also known as India’s Chicken Neck). this means widening the gene pool beyond former bureaucrats and establishment loyalists. gs . India’s national interests primarily lie towards and beyond its eastern flanks to South East Asia and the new geographical and strategic construct namely Indo-Pacific Asia. represented by the likes of Harkat-al-Jihad-al-Islami (HUJI). India thus needs to strengthen the various regional groupings in this region like the ASEAN and the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation). the sharing of the Ganga waters was successfully agreed upon between the two nations. This wise judgment has used the opportunity provided by the review petition to correct an error of law. But it does leave Mr. which is why Mr. after almost seven years of his arrest. Why not curb alcohol production and strictly censor movies? N. Prabaharan. who is himself an accused in two cases of encounter killings. This has led to orders that may appear to go beyond the provisions of the law. The acts of violence against women cannot be viewed as isolated events in a society that has normalised exploitation and discrimination of the weaker sections. Modi and his government with much to answer for. the Commissions are not tribunals or bodies to which judicial powers have been transferred. it has survived largely intact thus far. the current government is doing its utmost to keep Islamic fundamentalism in Bangladesh. 2013 Fallen God he 10-page resignation letter of suspended Gujarat cadre IPS officer D. at bay at some cost to the Awami League rank and file. Russia and China should be firm in condemning the attitude of the U. the major area of dispute has been India’s construction and operation of the Farakka Barrage to increase water supply to the river Hooghly. Vanzara.” However. Vanzara’s claim that he and his fellow officers were only following the conscious policy of the government is shocking. did not bother to meet him. India risks missing the larger picture. Vanzara’s missive has enough potential to open a fresh can of worms. India has looked at the West as the centre of gravity of its strategic interests. Vanzara’s long lament comes from the differential treatment given to the police officers and Mr.V. emailed to Letters Letters CARTOONSCAPE letters@thehindu. Saseendran. as “a God” whom he adored. be as it can a ‘bridge’ to economic and political linkages with South East Asia and beyond. The simplicity of the Act is preserved.K. A. not politicians. SEPTEMBER 5. Regrettably. It is shocking to note that 1. Alcohol and movies contribute a lot to violence against women. that he did not discharge his duty as per the law — as a responsible IPS officer. Importantly. Iraq. The one-time blue-eyed boy of Mr. P Hyderabad BG-BG . It proves that New Delhi is not bound by U. Aravind. the continuing presence of anti-India forces across the border. India has to consider if West Bengal.” Mr. Vanzara in his letter. He carried out the “encounters” because his political superiors told him to do so with no regard for the right or wrong of his actions.100 acres of land will be transferred to India and nearly 17.S. Vanzara — one among over 30 policemen currently in jail in connection with a chain of post-2002 encounter murders — is so much a case of damning with ‘high’ praise that on a first reading it could be misunderstood as a defence of Narendra Modi and his government. A friendly Bangladesh that ensures no antiIndia terror or insurgent activities can be carried out from its soil unlike in the past will substantially assist India in handling security problems in some of its restive north-east States. In December. as god and become the foot soldiers of the public. T P. They were coldblooded murders and wanton killings of the minorities.000 acres go to Bangladesh. Shah.448 representatives of people have declared criminal cases against them. Vanzara’s outburst hardly comes as a surprise. there is no sign of stringent punishment. THURSDAY. primarily in the division of common river waters. Mr. who has been in jail for almost seven years in connection with a chain of encounter killings in Gujarat. Moreover. As the court has pointed out. Security Council. therefore.” Mr. Naturally. Vanzara’s ire is Modi-confidant and BJP general secretary Amit Shah who. there has been tremendous goodwill for India in Bangladesh. Sivamani Vasudevan. That the process must be open to scrutiny has been reiterated by the Supreme Court and it will doubtless be closely monitored by a rights-conscious citizenry.com favour to themselves and T Srirangam T Syrian crisis he United States does not seem to have learnt anything from its experience in Vietnam.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs. The proposal to amend it with the sole intention of annulling an order of the Central Information Commission bringing political parties under its ambit has led to significant citizen mobilisation against the move. The long arm of the law may take time to reach the real culprits and bring them to justice. and Information Commissions must now dedicate themselves to the task of breaking down barriers erected by vested interests to frustrate RTI applicants. particularly Mr. India’s other concern is the issue of the continuing huge influx of undocumented Bangladesh migrants through a 4000 kmlong porous international border. The RTI Act does not. who was Deputy Inspector-General of Police until his 2007 arrest. and Commissioners with a distinguished record in the social sector would find no difficulty in arriving at a decision. Vanzara is cooling his heels in jail. Gone are the days when it bullied nations for support. others like Hefajat-e-Islam. Bangladesh complains that it does not get a fair share of the water in the dry season and some of its areas get flooded when India releases excess waters during the monsoons. Palakkad r.e xo C. The desperate police officer’s lament that he was merely following orders will not get him off the hook. insisting that but for the systematic purging of the suspects. Anantha Padmanabhan. Unfortunately. on Syria is despicable. The one-time celebrated top cop also fully justifies the liquidation of terror suspects as a necessary outcome of the Gujarat government’s “pro-active policy of zero tolerance for terrorism. olitics breeds corruption and violence is its essential tool to perpetuate depravity. she faces a bitter general election in which her adversaries are the congenitally anti-India Islamic fundamentalists. Even West Bengal economists lament that their government’s failure to view the big picture and ‘putting politics before development’ has prevented the State from becoming India’s gateway to South East Asia and the Far East as a whole. Under this. .’ formulated at the very top as claimed by Mr.exoticablogs. Problems like trade imbalances and tariff barriers between the two nations are easily surmountable and India providing some business incentives recently to Bangladesh have been appreciated. Additionally. Not surprising considering we share 54 trans-boundary rivers. including along the strategic sea-lanes of the Bay of Bengal. The probability of someone like the DIG turning approver should send shivers down the spine of BJP stalwarts whose culpability in the encounter killings has been reported by the media for quite some time now. Legitimate demand Overall. 161 adversely ab lo the country if they learn the right lessons from this episode. people from various disciplines such as law. the culprits may escape the law. Then. However. Since Sheikh Hasina and her Awami League came to power five years ago. That this nation. The police acted with gross savagery and with scant regard for the law and human rights.N. It is accepted by all that Sheikh Hasina has largely delivered on Indian security concerns by cracking down on terrorism directed against India from Bangladeshi soil. It is frightening to learn that these murders were committed by the police as part of the Gujarat government’s ‘conscious policy. Kutub Shamshudin. That India has a stake in the victory of secular forces in Bangladesh is a factor it can disregard only at its peril. is unnecessarily spoiling the relationship between the two nations by putting spokes in New Delhi’s efforts to address Bangladesh’s legitimate demands. Vanzara shown some grit when he was asked to bend the rules. worded in a manner to suggest that the chief recipient of Mr.” September 4). M. There are many officers who do not buckle under pressure or yield to the temptations of power and pelf. Addressing a dialogue organised recently by two think tanks of the two nations in New Delhi. In addition. T T Chennai Tiruchi Asansol CM YK co m R Hyderabad Political overlords ajrishi Singhal has clearly explained the reasons behind recent violent crimes (“The political overlords of a violent underclass. it exposes the deep schism between the Modi administration and its own police force. has always acknowledged India’s support for its independence from Pakistan and now looks forward to developing an all encompassing positive relationship with us is inexplicably underplayed in this country. knowing full well that he was acting against the law? N. and despite a crackdown by the Sheikh Hasina government. C. The court’s determination in a review petition that Information Commissions do not exercise judicial powers and in fact discharge administrative functions confirms what the RTI community has emphasised all along — that the elegant law is designed to minimise discretionary interpretation and exempts only a select list of subjects from disclosure. its internal political situation has to ease enough for Dhaka to make such a concession to India. It is clear that the government was in active collusion with the police in the grisly drama of “encounters” to gain political mileage. misadventure in Iraq. The Gujarat government secured the release on bail of Mr.” He reminded his Indian audience of President Pranab Mukherjee’s observation that the “agenda for the future for both the countries has to be sub-regional. The sense of betrayal so acutely evident in Mr. C. the sharing of the waters of the Teesta river is being vehemently opposed by India’s West Bengal government though many Indian security and water experts in that State empathise with Bangladesh’s stand. Mr. if anything. it will be able to strengthen the secular democratic forces in Islamic Bangladesh to our east — an imperative which must always be borne in our strategic formulations. As the court has pointed out. however. a ‘neutral’ Bangladesh also ensures containment of an assertive China in this region. T tic aspirant in Dhaka. for let us never forget that towards our western flank violent Islamic fundamentalism is on an alarming ascendant. the Supreme Court has ensured that there will be no frustrating complications in the working of this path-breaking law. If he was upright. Modi is obviously a broken and discredited man facing an uncertain future. Right now. and the U. Shah while the officers were left to their own devices. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and the BJP have strongly opposed this deal much to the discomfiture of the Centre and annoyance of the Bangladesh government. The amazing run of successful interceptions and encounter killings of ‘terrorists out to kill Narendra Modi’ was too good to be true. and HUJI-B whose links to al Qaeda are well known. the recently banned political outfit Jamaat-e-Islami. Electoral battle-lines between the two parties in Bangladesh are also drawn over their regional priorities. I :// Chennai tp B ht laming the Modi government for his wrong-doings is a much belated afterthought and a politically motivated move. and Afghanistan (“Two-faced in West Asia. Modi owed a “debt” to the officers whose actions “endowed him with the halo of a brave Chief Minister among a galaxy of other CMs. the other prime ministerial jo B y recalling its directions and declarations issued a year ago on the appointment of Information Commissioners under the Right to Information Act. perpetrated to please the bosses. Kamal Davar T A mong all our neighbours. he could have saved many lives and avoided imprisonment. What is happening to Syria today may happen to Jordan or Saudi Arabia one day. bs A profoundly just order t is clear from the outburst of DIG D. (Lt Gen Davar was India’s first Chief of the Defence Intelligence Agency and Deputy Chief of the Integrated Defence Staff) Economic & political linkages For long. Worse. Bangalore he jailed ‘encounter’ specialist has spilled the beans and opened a horror-filled can of worms. Importantly. Sundara Ramaiah. he should have refused to listen to his political masters. It would do well to remember the past and abandon its policy of one-upmanship in world affairs. Bangladesh High Commissioner to India Tariq Karim succinctly pointed out that “India’s growth is Bangladesh’s growth because Bangladesh can grow only when India grows. But no civilised country can permit the extra-judicial killing of its citizens. Vanzara suggests that the Gujarat government shift its offices to the prisons where the arrested policemen languished. Lakshmi Prabha. have to mandate appointment of judicially independent officers such as sitting or former judges. It is unavoidable that a far-going law such as the RTI Act is frequently subjected to challenge by powerful lobbies. Vanzra from refusing to obey an order that was illegal and unethical? There is every reason to believe that the frustrated officer is playing to the gallery of Narendra Modi’s political rivals. Mr. interests. Dipankar Baidya. Swaminathan. A. Ettirankandath Krishnadas. Tiruchi he double standard adopted by the U. he accuses the Modi government of framing police officials in encounter cases. raises serious doubts. indeed. It must also be noted that when India’s President Pranab Mukherjee recently visited Bangladesh. Chennai he media has been consistently reporting that the real culprits in the encounter cases were the political masters who ordered them.exoticablogs. And now that he is facing the music for his actions. If this continues. Aside from providing ammunition to the Congress to target the Gujarat Chief Minister. has only received some impetus. Raman. More seriously for the State government. Jagrata Muslim Janata. among the pigeons with his resignation letter in which he has blamed his political bosses. This is not to say that nothing can be done to improve the Act’s working.S. Though the number of registered cases against sexual abuse has increased. Bangalore r.S. In the long run. the nation whose birth is indelibly linked to India is Bangladesh. there are occasions when the Information Commissions are called upon to decide the limits of transparency and protect the privacy of individuals.G.co. 2013 Let’s not miss the big picture India should do all it can to resolve contentious issues with Bangladesh in order to strengthen the hands of the secular Sheikh Hasina government THURSDAY. Thiruvananthapuram he Syrian crisis reminds us of the U. The accused officer. West Asia too must be united in facing the challenge. However. social service. and draws a groundswell of support every time there is an attempt to dilute it. Gujarat would have become another Kashmir. under Ms Banerjee. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has. uniquely in the Islamic world. J. Modi himself is described by Mr. One other issue that could have been solved. The Union Cabinet had in February 2013 approved the draft LBA Bill for introduction in the monsoon session of Parliament for ratification of the swap deal. Arun. puts a veneer of patriotism on the murders. The sluggish execution of the Tipaimukh hydroelectric project on the Barak River in Bangladesh is another problem area. SEPTEMBER 5. It is crucial to strengthen the United Nations to handle the Syrian crisis. and administration with undisputed eminence must be selected. of course. The truth left untold is that such inequalities have been instilled and entrenched in the system. That the Centre could have taken more efforts to bring the West Bengal Chief Minister on board prior to the Prime Minister’s Bangladesh visit is another story. but to little avail. What prevented Mr.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials.K.” India-Bangladesh relations have more than an academic strategic content.’ though initiated in 1993 by the late Narasimha Rao when he was Prime Minister. there exist many contentious issues between the two countries. The letter is.” The mocking and sarcasm do not stop here. science. One wonders whether the news deserved front page coverage. journalism. he took orders from his political bosses without protesting. Vanzara’s resignation and accusations. for the encounter killings. So what is the real message in the letter? To start off. there is the land corridor that India wants through Bangladesh. is India’s inability to ratify the protocol to the Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) of 1974 with Bangladesh. It appears that Bangladesh will grant this only after it gets its demand of water requirements. Mr. Arguing that those at the helm of decision-making too needed to be put in jail for pursuing a “conscious” policy of “alleged fake-encounters. whose Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) is known to encourage anti-India sentiments and has traditionally colluded with fundamentalists in the past. Vanzara confirms that suspected terrorists were killed under orders from the highest quarters.G.” September 3). held small enclaves are to be exchanged by the two countries. T Chennai he timing of Mr.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE.

T lobal warming may not be happening as rapidly as predicted but the reality is it is happening and will have an adverse impact on humans. Raja. The JJ Act. Proposals to deepen financial markets through innovative instruments such as cash-settled 10-year interest rate futures and the dematting of trade receivables are welcome. jo bs C rigger-happy policemen. He should have respected the Constitution. unlike in Sri Lanka. honours. and more generally a lack of adequate knowledge on the part of the uninformed patients or customers limits their ability to choose sensibly and opens them up to exploitative practices.” Sen has never been against growth in general. Jean Drèze and Sen outline in some detail the strategy of “growth-mediated security. which often masquerade as “realism. V. obscuring the real issues that need to be discussed. Narendra Dabholkar. health care and other facilities). that India’s transition from poor health to good health could be easily achieved through private health care and insurance. However.exoticablogs. Govindarajan.” portant means to boost economic growth. V. Prof. equally important. and wish to express our deep sense of shock. This recognition does not. Under the circumstances. the Supreme Court pointed out in its order that underage crime still forms only a tiny percentage of the large body of crime in the country. there is sufficient basis for civil society to suspect extra-judicial killings. He will have to correct the economy mismanaged by those who have taken all major decisions keeping political considerations in mind. An Uncertain Glo. Worldwide experience has demonstrated There is. Sen has reaffirmed his position: “Economic growth is important precisely because it can help people to lead better lives.” They argue that transforming India’s health care system to fulfil the commitment to universal health coverage would require.K. 2013 A.” according to Drèze and Sen. to pay. Since profitability is conditional on the ability of the purchaser.” as Sen said in a public speech in Delhi. of course. M. D H. Unfortunately in India. To take state action to be hopelessly doomed and neglecting the means of bettering them. Raghuram Rajan. He stood against superstition and black magic.” But they also point out that Kerala’s health transition started with a commitment by the State to universal coverage. based on a number of serious misattributions. in Hunger and Public Action. However. Similarly. Vanzara claims that he and his officers were only following the Gujarat government’s “conscious policy” of encounters. Health care Fifth. it was Mr. Prasad. D. but has shown the inadequacy of the type of growth that fails to improve the lives of ordinary people. from China to Brazil. they are ready to execute any order from their political masters. CPI-linked inflation bonds as an alternative to gold savings are not a novel idea. The focus on improving the efficiency of the recovery system and the clear warning to promoters that they cannot use the banking system to recapitalise their failed ventures send a clear signal to deviant corporate borrowers. imply that there is no role at all for the private sector in health. and in fact may toughen or entrench criminal propensities. Gen.” always say they acted on the orders of their “bosses” when the law eventually catches up with them (“Fallen God. FRIDAY.” would he have offered to resign as he is doing now? S.” Drèze and Sen acknowledge and appreciate the contribution made by the “plentiful presence of the private sector in medicine in Kerala today. Nor has he ever said or let alone “insisted” that “the government alone must provide them. ironically. Dindigul uring my recent visit to Dhaka. of course. R ich and lively public debates are the raison d’être of any democracy. P.edge. And to appreciate how growth possibilities of a quite often it is also the actual experience of country depend in turn on the advancement vulnerable people. Balasubramanian. I take solace in the fact that truth has triumphed.” At the same time. hope-denying conditions. such as identifying develop- emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. The crackdown on the Jamaate-Islami is also seen there as something done to appease India. which only works to fan recidivist tendencies. the grim reality is that the damage caused by global warming is irreversible. in the Quarterly Journal of Economics in 1957. our foreign policy is guided by State governments to score political points — this is true of issues involving both Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. The crime shook the country’s conscience. Dastardly acts of violence by the state stand in stark contrast to the inspiring ideals which radiate from the land of Mahatma Gandhi. there will be major changes in the carbon cycle.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. Sen is portrayed as being anti-growth. Making juvenile correctional facilities more humane is one part of the answer. (A. favouring supervised probation or stay in an observation home over imprisonment. Sholavandan I Vijayawada r. it is argued here. I think we have to understand that.” is. including child offenders. Subbarao was seen as market unfriendly — totally focussed on inflation without heeding growth considerations. Ramakrishnan. with the psychological effects of staying under bleak.” Sept. a progressive legislation. ultimately. Endless repetition of confused — and false — attributions cannot alter the nature of the real questions that have to be faced. Karavadi Raghava Rao.com L t. Third. etc. irrational expectations can be counter-productive. Small steps such as these can make a big difference. Bangalore BG-BG . Drèze Education and nutrition and Sen argue that this “cannot in any way. Our stakes are high in Bangladesh from both the security and development points of view. Second.” schools offer a legitimate alternative. New Delhi must ensure that. We also note that Article 51A(h) of the Constitution of India reads: (citizens have a duty) to develop the scientific temper and the spirit of inquiry and reform. The only way to nail the real culprits of the 2002 Gujarat riots and what followed is trial by the International Court of Justice.N. Rajan has got down to work. Mindless exploitation of natural resources and excessive dependence on fossil fuels have made sustainable economic development elusive. These include setting up niche banks for. The battered inner voice of the officer has finally spoken. a longer period of sustained counselling and rehabilitation ought to be an essential part of the juvenile justice process even after the maximum period of remand is over. But to address the need for proportionality — not so much in punishment as in the necessity of socio-psychological repair — when a young offender commits truly heinous crimes. T. in fact. In fact. particularly in north India). M. no contradiction here: the the power of public education in equitable advancement of human capability is both a educational development. seems keen on introducing a new philosophy in the central bank’s functioning. Sen is not against the “provision by the private sector” of “food. It is against this background that we note with horror the wilful murder of rationalist Dr. Dr. there is no magic wand that can wave away the country’s economic woes. The slowdown in GDP growth. The fact that the warming rate has slowed down does not mean it has stopped. many people told me that they saw Sheikh Hasina’s government as being overtly friendly with India with little or no reciprocation from India.co. or with social modernization. many of whom have criminal cases pending against them. In contrast. Most health care systems in the world have space for private provision. In a recent interview to Prospect’s Jonathan Derbyshire. have deeper structural causes that cannot be addressed overnight. Bangalore E Challenging task he new RBI Governor. Ginny Gold. Prakasa Rao. His Development as Freedom opens with the following sentences: “Development can be seen. If orders are obtained before an encounter or if senior police officers are vested with the power to decide on encounters as a matter of policy.bility. the possibility of sethe form of enhancing human lives and free. infrastructure. Somewhat uncharitably. Ahamad Fuad. as a process of expanding the real freedoms that people enjoy. Growth of GNP or of individual incomes can. and international exposure and experience.tional transformation of most countries. The volume of non-performing assets has grown in nationalised banks due to indiscriminate lending. or the consumer. The emphasis might vary but the overall objectives are the same. Vanzara’s duty to implement the government’s policy according to the law. “between (1) allowing — and even encouraging — the auxiliary facilities of private health care to enrich a reasonably well-functioning state system (as happened in Kerala). A tp . Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that the “Earth is warming up but not as rapidly as predicted” (Sept. Kamal Davar has rightly pointed out to the need Chennai CM YK co m Kerala model of human capabilities (through education. On the contrary.metric information. besides not being able to contain the rupee’s fall. he brings with him a fund of knowledge. G M Pandalam he revelations by the suspended IPS officer have exposed the nexus between politicians and police officers in Gujarat. It was only later that the private sector in health became a major contributor to the health care of the people in Kerala — supported by the rapid growth in incomes (closely related to the expansion of human capabilities). Dhaka assumes greater significance as it is a gateway to peace and tranquillity in the north-east. The present system in India was introduced by a 1986 Act and improved upon in 2000. 5). the government. and as advocating only for “redistributing” the meagre resources that are available. health is also a case of “asymmy. If such killings are acceptable in the interest of national security elsewhere.” Given that patients ry: India and its Contradictions. Bangalore Foreign policy New Delhi Vijayawada http://jobs. and there is no compelling reason for India to dispense with it. Modi for the post-2002 encounter killings is unfair.N. Some of the major steps aimed at reorienting the banking structure are already engaging the RBI. Hyderabad. beginning with his first publication. Amartya Sen confound the real issues on which Sen and Bhagwati differ. T Chennai :// ht mbitious officers want promotions. But to take growth itself to be a fetishistic object of admiration is part of the problem.” Fourth. Sen has never denounced economic growth. he has consistently argued that economic growth is an important means of development but the intrinsic ends or goals of development have to be more than simply material advancement. not having an educated. Ramakrishna. Drèze and Sen discuss in An Uncertain Glory. why single out Gujarat? tic ment with the growth of gross national product. Climate change gs . The government must use more such people in other sectors too.V. or with industrialization.V. is equally consistent with individual freedom and that the quest for knowledge and truth cannot be reconciled with any dogma. Instrument for progress First. While refusing to allow the Delhi gang rape juvenile offender to be tried as an adult. be very important as means to expanding the freedoms enjoyed by the members of the society … Viewing development in terms of expanding substantive freedoms directs attention to the ends that make development important. or with technological advance. This is a complete misdiagnosis. the RBI under outgoing governor D. Extra-judicial killings take place in almost all the States. But. or with the rise in personal incomes. R. Thursday’s rise in the value of the Sensex and the rupee suggests market intermediaries expect a change in approach.” which calls for promoting economic growth and directing the greater general affluence and also larger public revenues to combat deprivation and enhance health care and education. The agenda he revealed at his first press conference is impressive but the fact is that some of those are incremental steps which would have been taken anyway. including Bangladesh. ab lo CARTOONSCAPE P. In India. Dr.G. Surely. brought forth an unprecedented outpouring of anger and triggered collective introspection on the safety of women and girls. It is obvious that the social contract underlying a lenient regime requires equal attention to be paid to the design and implementation of a proper rehabilitation process.R.” Sometimes. there are public demands for the “encounter” of rapists and other perpetrators of heinous crimes against women and children. merely going through a differential process for juvenile offenders is not enough. against all empirical evidence.V. the issuance of new bank licences was already on the cards. Dehra Dun ndia must use all its resources to maintain a balanced relationship with all its neighbours. but it is also necessary in this context ing private providers is a real danger. Kochi hile a policy of “zero tolerance for terrorism” is welcome. probably at a slower pace. There are trained “encounter specialists” everywhere. Sen has consistently championed take over the role that state schools are health. say. He appears to have carried out instructions due to lack of courage or selfish interests. Drèze and Sen point out that given the limitations of market arrangements and of private insurance in the field of health care. Shiva Kumar Governor’s first day I Justice and the juvenile alls to dilute the Juvenile Justice Act in light of what is perceived as lenient punishment to the juvenile offender in the Delhi gang rape case are understandable but misplaced.e xo t isn’t surprising that the markets have reacted favourably to Raghuram Rajan’s first day in office as governor of the Reserve Bank of India. They draw attention to the fact that “India has moved towards reliance on private health care without developing the solid rock of support of basic public health facilities that has been the basis of almost every successful health transition in the history of the world — from Britain to Japan. Senthil Prabhu. individual or corporate. in the long run. SEPTEMBER 6.G. while acknowledging that private play a prominent role in the process. in fact. They go on to draw an important lesson. but it is good that they figure in the new governor’s short-term agenda. The atmosphere in many such facilities is not conducive for reformation. The drive for private profits can diverge from the goals of social welfare. Abhishek Tariyal. Separate legislation has existed in many countries around the world since the early 20th century for the care and protection of children. retail and investment banking. Rajan has highlighted the importance of inflation targeting: monetary stability and preserving the value of the rupee will be key goals. The law tries to reform a young offender’s conduct rather than confine him for decades in a prison with adult criminals. heat can generate more smoke than light.K. Jeyaram. MBBS.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. and (2) trying to rely on private health care when the state provides very little in terms of health facilities (as in many other states. Hyderabad B laming Mr. for sustaining our economic growth. for all the positive vibes the new governor appears to have created. force is both a contributor to good human and the externalities of school education as living and freedom. “[A]symmetric information between buyers and sellers.vere exploitation of patients by profit-seekdoms. On the bigger issue of monetary policy objectives. As a senior police officer. Devarajan. from South Korea to Costa Rica. lack of proper verification and absence of close monitoring of big borrower accounts. and attempted to bring into law the Anti-Jaadu Tona Bill (Anti-Black Magic Bill). who spent much of his Gandhian life for the cause of rationalist thought and action through his Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti. For instance. It is a “smugness based on cynicism. Vanzara’s god Aitgenuine is not staged. condemn such acts of terrorism and urge the government to take exemplary steps so that such incidents never occur.L. as any Chicagotrained economist knows only too well. in which the state can play a constructive role.N. Many analysts have commented favourably on the speed with which Dr. a resignation to the lethargy of doing nothing. But the recent attacks by Professor Jagdish Bhagwati on Dr. he has repeatedly argued for the importance of economic growth as an instrument for economic progress (but not as an end in itself). Bhagwati tries to position himself as a proponent of growth that would benefit the poor through later redistribution. We send our sympathy to the Dabholkar family. public provision of health services has an important foundational role to play in the realisation of universal health coverage (as it has done in nearly every country in the world that has achieved universality of health coverage). not his political masters. euphemistically called “encounter specialists. “There is a world of difference. this is not reason enough to question or do away with the principles underlying juvenile justice. With the world’s population projected to reach nine billion by 2050. no one can justify fake encounters in the name of security. encounter happens. IPS officer D. Prof. food availability. replaced the regular judicial process with a reformatory regime. But. The system should not end up creating a new underclass that combines a sense of triumph over avoiding a prison term after committing heinous crimes. inter alia. the falling rupee. 2000. private profits can often be a very inadequate guide to the priorities of public need. published in 1989.” as Bhagwati claims. the meaning of “encounter” has undergone a change. Focusing on human freedoms contrasts with narrower views of development. S. SEPTEMBER 6. 2013 Charge of the unenlightened brigade Jagdish Bhagwati’s attacks on Amartya Sen are based on a series of misattributions and obscure the real issues on which the two economists differ FRIDAY. In their recent book. Rajan has an uphill task ahead. W Varanasi. Society will only countenance shielding young offenders guilty of great brutality from the rigours of adult justice if it is confident that they will indeed benefit from the rehabilitative approach to juvenile justice.) Condemnable e uphold that the principle of social responsibility for all scientific effort. & Prof. Kartik Narayan. and post-retirement benefits. asymmetry in information and knowling and sustaining high levels of economic edge of families and students. Vijayan. the limitations of an exclusive reliance on private markets for promoting human development. first of all: “to stop believing. education and health” to the deprived. for India to strengthen the hands of the Sheikh Hasina government in Bangladesh (Sept. There are at least part of enhancement of human freedom and four problems with private schools: affordawell-being and a significant way of promot. unhealthy competition. insufficient growth. we need to guard against the complacent belief that a stint in a remand home is enough for their rehabilitation. it gets its priorities right in Bangladesh. T W ven if one were to accept the claim by the U. 5). Besides being a reputed economist. The news of an “encounter” is no longer a sensation. Rajan is bound to be wary of the reception he has received. To achieve this. he must have known that he was extinguishing innocent lives for the sake of his “god”? Had the law not caught up with him and had he been rewarded suitably by his “god. We have been filling the atmosphere with carbon dioxide — by burning fossil fuels that were once below the Earth’s surface. 5). education and nutrition because they meant to play and have played in the educaare intrinsically significant as well as an im.R. they discuss the importance of improving the delivery and reach of public services and suggest various ways of promoting accountability and efficiency in governmental operations (which is an important focus of their joint book). one that allows for the constitutional freedom of worship but is against fraudulent practices. healthy population is not only bad for well-being but also bad. as he himself has warned on many occasions. the erosion of business and consumer confidence and above all. The new governor needs to harness his great skills at communication to carry the markets and. Shiva Kumar is a development economist and lives in New Delhi. More recently. Drèze and generally know much less than the doctors Sen note: “It is necessary to recognize the about what they are suffering from and what role of growth in facilitating development in the best treatment is. and to advancing and well as indivisibilities of acquired knowlsustaining a dynamic and expanding econo.exoticablogs. True. Much of what the new RBI Governor can achieve will also depend on the government that comes to power in 2014. rather than merely to some of the means that. An educated and healthy labour competition even from government schools. he does bring impressive credentials to what is arguably one of the toughest jobs in the economic management of the country today. But even though there is a view that the young perpetrator has been able to get away lightly.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE.

not only because they receive considerable government funds but also because they participate in ruling the country through their MLAs and MPs. more or less in humans and more or less likely to be caused using GM plants cooked and processed. or even make them worse India is not missing out on the benefits of later. Now every government research centre and public university seeks to compensate for the fall in direct public investment through licensing royalties from IP and the creation of partnerships with the private sector. A weak law will only make a criminal more confident. Mr. The officer’s plight should serve as an example to those who readily submit their conscience to the so-called “conscious” policies of their political bosses. But the right to justice is more important. invest in them with public money and measure their success by the yields of farmers. That is why some call GM a distraction from investing in real solutions to the problems faced by real farmers. B. as they have blocked or wrecked everything Mr. to which the Bill has now been referred.S.g. The intervention issue is. which started the day the President took office. He confuses science with technology.” The Hindu. but better for growing food. GM plants are among the technologies that have both serious scientific unknowns and lack a clear social benefit — at least for now.e xo Mayank Nigam.’ yields using less pesticide. Political parties could have appealed in the Supreme Court against the CIC ruling that they are public entities. some good sense seems to have prevailed on the government (“Reprieve for RTI as bill to insulate parties is deferred.co. process patents). Geethu Issac. That is the least we can do to ensure that the family of the 23-year-old gets justice. This never works for long. Had Ajmal Kasab been under 18. ies bear out that they don’t yield more. Science is the process of knowledge creation (or discovery) whereas technology is the means of knowledge application. I read first hand the scientific evidence in my area of expertise provided to the GEAC and its responses.S. Swaminathan. especially if big corporates are involved. The Election Commission’s repeated requests to the Law Ministry to address this serious lacuna have so far gone unheeded.University of Canterbury. The differential treatment meted by the Modi government to the police officers jailed for their alleged involvement in a series of fake encounters and Amit Shah seems to be Mr. 6). former Environment Minister for India. is now truly owned by them. tp A . Detention of three years in a Special Home is grossly disproportionate to the gravity of an offence like rape. GM crops are not designed to increase intrinsic yield Centre for Integrated Research in Biosafety. Security Council. 6). tic ab lo CARTOONSCAPE been referred to a standing committee which again consists of MPs. it is a strange argument that the government itself should be accountable under the RTI but the party that forms it should not. Balasubramaniam Pavani. In practice. G. GM is an attempt to use genetics to overcome the environment. None ever progressed out of the testing phase. What is it about investing in GM products that seems to undermine other technologies in agriculture? GM products attract the Fig leaf for an illegal war ven as United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon calls for fresh talks on Syria. Why not? Well. and Canada. That likely would be India’s experience had it commercialised Bt brinjal which was developed with the least effective form of Bt for the target pest.N. are mindful of domestic public hostility to any more foreign military adventurism. jo bs E :// t is quite surprising that even the Supreme Court is of the opinion that underage crime still forms only a tiny percentage of crimes in the nation (“Justice and the juvenile. Bush gained Congressional sanction for the illegal invasion of Iraq. under severe marketing pressure. Members of civil society. that may also explain Washington’s indifference to post-attack developments. No matter how tolerant you make the plant to drought. the Senate Foreign Relations Committee’s 10-7 vote for at least a 60-day intervention shows divisions in both parties. rather than raw or processed the way they are provided to test animals. underage crime still forms only a tiny percentage of crimes. Too little his refers to the report that a self-regulatory body of television channels has asked a private channel to apologise to actor Ranjitha for showing “morphed” video clips of hers with a godman. That is all Jairam Ramesh asked. So far. The riots took place more than a decade ago but justice still eludes the victims. that they were voluntary associations outside the government and therefore not subject to the same level of public scrutiny. heinous or otherwise. Syria’s part in President Barack Obama’s domestic agenda could yet be crucial. and limits involvement to 60 days unless Congress has declared war or specifically authorises continuation. Osama bin Laden would have loved it. manage pests with little or no application of pesticide and manufactured fertilizers gives them the means and independence to grow a variety of crops and livestock to meet their dietary needs and sell their surplus in local markets. The use of those instruments concentrates investment and drives out simple but even more effective technologies. but extremely high compared to countries such as France which do not use GM crops. The science needed to establish their safety exists and is affordable but it must be applied dispassionately and transparently. such as Senator John McCain.S. reap a storm. With these policies in place we shouldn’t be surprised that every problem looks like it has a GM solution even to researchers who claim to have no entrepreneurial motivations. the kind that will be supported by institutional resources or rewarded with promotion.N.exoticablogs.” Sept. and the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan was approved by the U. supporting communities with education on nutrition and farmers with technologies that build up their soils. though. Vanzara T he letter calling for a trial by the International Court of CM YK co m Gulbarga trial stress-tolerant GM plants in the United States alone. The job of resolving the conflict between the right of the victim and the juvenile cannot be entrusted only to the judiciary. This makes the law applicable not only to the different wings of government but also to all NGOs sustained by government funding. it would not have introduced the bill at all. with an army of ill-equipped RTI stakeholders ranged against the full might of the political class. While the victim’s family is entitled to justice. more research studies accumulate with evidence of adverse effects. Barring a handful of honourable exceptions. It is not. domestic politics. SEPTEMBER 7. Under the RTI Act. It was a classic David versus Goliath battle. 5). The move perhaps had less to do with public outcry than with serious doubts over the legality of the amendment. it is the influence of society — especially the company of adult criminals — that makes juveniles commit crimes. Meanwhile. N. A few months in a reformatory can hardly reform a person. Meanwhile. Obama. In addition. the United States Congress leaves foreign affairs to the President. T J Creating confusion G. or proven to be sustainable. need to be excluded from the scope of the Act.S. or in the event of an attack on the country. treason.com A Bangalore ow come police officers are behind bars while those who allegedly ordered the fake encounters are roaming scot-free? If this is not a calculated move on the part of the Modi government to silence critics. farmers who are simultaneously suffering from weeds resistant to the herbicides excessively used on GM crops and pests resistant to the insecticides over-used in Bt crops. etc. By the year 2005.S. Therefore. There are no validated health surveillance programmes in the U. which the RTI community saw as the first. made the brave decision in 2010 to tell his then apex regulator of genetically modified organisms (GEAC) that it had failed to properly use available science to determine the safety — to human health and the environment — of Bt brinjal. and thereby the same side as al-Qaeda. Prof. GOP members in favour of an attack on Syria. parties compete with one another almost like entrepreneurs. as humans eat them. So far so good. it points to the declining faith of the common man in the criminal justice system. Juvenile crimes are not restricted to assaults on women. Secondly. between himself and the Republican faction in Congress. and the increase in their wealth and health. Political parties argued. heavy metals and salt. It shouldn’t. 2013 Jack A. Insecticide use is down by a small bit. New Zealand) strictest intellectual property (IP) rights instruments possible in agriculture (e. Political parties are peculiar in that they are neither part of government nor are they wholly outside of it. Ganapathysundararaman. The yields in wheat and oilseed rape are increasing at an even faster rate in Western Europe than in the U.” Sept. Padmanaban (“Sow the wind. exist. T has perhaps made him lose his reverence and admiration for Narendra Modi (“Fallen God. pestilence.S. For over 30 years. especially of the kind that has serious unknowns and lacks clear social benefits. Heinemann airam Ramesh. so it is not clear whether the effect would be the same. Christchurch. but they run into roadblocks or fail to find new funding. Western Europe’s maize yields match or exceed the U.. Most often these studies report low level health effects using animal feeding studies. see U. The expression of apology by running scrolls every two hours for seven days seems to be too meagre a compensation for the damage caused to the actor’s reputation. emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. GM. SEPTEMBER 7. Although the suggestion is far-fetched. To start with. however.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs. passed after the disastrous U. Claiming that GM crops are demonstrated safe by the absence of specific health claims from Americans is glib. Syria is an instrument in the bitter struggle. but the problem is the almost Machiavellian manipulation by political parties to stay out of any kind of accountability. an exception needs to be made even if the offender is a juvenile so that there is a deterrent effect and complete justice is done to the victim’s family. Heinemann is Director. Rehabilitation and counselling cannot bring back the dead. anti-science. the reduction of pesticides and fertilizer they use. like NGOs. the involvement of youngsters in acts of terror has been widely reported. Pause so that all voices can be heard. Nazish Hussain. Such crimes should be Justice & juvenile category? seen in the light of their gravity rather than the age of the person committing them. GM has been promised to produce plants that will resist the stresses of drought. It has only postponed matters. The Delhi gang rape shook the soul of India. Hunger. One genuine area of concern arising from the CIC order related to disclosing internal. the cost of GM seeds is the fastest growing expense for U. proving that the law. citizens from combat zones. I was heartened to see that his decision was validated by the esteemed scientists that made up the Supreme Court Technical Expert Committee who have advised the Court on the need for better research and better process before continuing to release GM crops into the environment or using them as food. vocal opponents of the proposed amendment.000 applications were approved to field A symptom Herbicide use is increasing in the U. Against this backdrop.H. It is the state’s responsibility to reform the juvenile sentenced in the Delhi gang rape case. like Senator Rand Paul. I New Delhi ho does not make mistakes? Many people do something that is in conflict with the law as children. Justice to nail the culprits of the Gujarat riots (Sept. If the ultimate objective of any political party is to form a government. The Republicans stand to lose far more than the Democrats. This necessarily changes the kinds of questions they favour being asked by their researchers.000. This confusion causes some scientists to defend technologies that are questioned because they perceive questions on the technology as an attack on science. The special status they have sought militates not only against the constitutional vision of equality but undermines democracy itself. 20. As the Supreme Court has pointed out. Congress has not so far objected when the executive has used troops without consultation so as to evacuate U. what is it? As Mr. soybeans and cotton. This subterfuge allows even the mainstream parties to altogether escape scrutiny. not right to treat offenders under 18 as adults. has created a sensation-mongering section of viewers and thrives on it. Lakshmanan. Instead of that approach. therefore. it isn’t complex regulation holding them back. It is. I think that both Ramesh and the scientists of the Technical Expert Committee knew this when they asked India to pause on the use of GM products. September 2) believes that the events surrounding the evaluation of Bt brinjal and now extending to other kinds of GM plants is an assault on science.” Sept. 2013 Keep the pause button on GM pressed Questioning a technology. D Vanzara & Modi Chennai T he deep sense of betrayal experienced by D. ideology and hypocrisy are the insults used to counter questions about the safety of GM crops coming from scientists and the public. The sting in the tail is that intervention would put Washington on the same side as the extreme Sunni rebel group al-Nusra. global standing as being at stake. which could both detect and diagnose the cause of the most likely manifestations of harm if they do exist. T Tiruchi BG-BG . such as choosing candidates. the Indian media. Only the degree of the crime varies. Harish. Avadhoot Gorakhanath Shinde. Vanzara’s grouse. and economic failure are the images of fear increasingly being used to drive acceptance of GM crops. troops into hostilities or clearly likely hostilities. look weak. is not an attack on science SATURDAY. This indicates a dangerous trend: those countries choosing to innovate in agriculture using GM are demonstrating lower productivity increases and greater dependence on chemical inputs in all crops compared to economically and environmentally comparable countries choosing to not use GM crops. planning strategies. New Delhi oesn’t a heinous crime like the Delhi gang rape come under the “rarest of rare” Prabhu Raj. which they evade by reporting all or most donations to be under Rs. Vanzara is languishing in jail for dutifully carrying out fake encounters. he would have been awarded a lenient punishment which would have been gross injustice. designed for common citizens. RTI activists and MPs Dinesh Trivedi and Baijayant Panda. attack on the hard-fought information regime. Mr. gs . Is it not necessary to nip the trend in the bud? A juvenile cannot get away after committing a crime that is very serious and has a lasting impact on the lives of others. some GM crops have reduced the use of some toxic insecticides for a brief period. using it in soil low in organic matter and unable to hold water will eventually further deplete the soil of moisture and the plant will struggle or die. including the most critical one of financial accountability. but wants member states to be “more objective”. etc. I was involved in Ramesh’s review. but the Republican split is the more serious. What is right for India’s agriculture is too important a question to leave to fear and insult to decide. This investment in agriculture is not as good at making intellectual property. it would undermine both biological and agricultural diversity as it became a weed in its own right. war in Viet Nam and possibly because the U. 2000. Mallikarjun. I Secunderabad fine balance needs to be struck between the points of view of the victim’s family and the juvenile. To properly support India’s mainly small holder farming requires removing the penalties and incentives on the public scientist to develop primarily technologies that bring direct revenue to their institutions. reduce the use of toxic pesticides and even fix their own nitrogen.. all stakeholders of society should have a say. To be fair. therefore. Serious offences like rape. Over to the Standing Committee. over 1. Had the government really intended to respect the public sentiment. This means they must be afforded privacy with regard to decisions that impact their winnability. since it adopted GM maize (corn).S. the juvenile offender should get a chance to reform himself. Nevertheless. and Russia says it is not blocking the U. Unfortunately. A juvenile should be punished on the basis of the gravity of the crime committed by him. In such cases. none of these promises has been sustainably delivered to farmers. created using genetic modification (GM). There is much knowledge discovered or to be discovered that cannot be applied wisely — at least not now. it should also be seen to be done. ht W New Delhi hat the government has referred the proposed amendment to the RTI Act to a parliamentary standing committee is a matter of great relief. To be precise. and perhaps not the last. Justice should be delivered soon to heal the wounds of the victims and restore people’s faith in democracy. These studies require replication. The gang rape and murder of the 23-year-old woman in Delhi was perpetrated in the most ghastly manner possible and it shocked the nation’s conscience. SATURDAY. In their private space. Those against. Hyderabad Malappuram H Reprieve for RTI t last. Sameer Machingal. has never been invoked thus. Saved for now he historic Right to Information Act has once again been saved from going under the politician’s scalpel.S. in 2003. is not using the Act solely for constitutional reasons. But for major political parties to claim they are not public will be a difficult proposition. The police officer does not admit that the encounters he was associated with were “fake” but laments his adherence to the “conscious policy” of the government. B. but they also show opposition to intervention at 50:42. Ignorance. Obama has tried to do. Justice should not only be done.S. and the largest scale and longest term stud. President George W.N. A. any organisation that receives substantial government assistance is a public authority. Instead. strategic decisions of parties. However there is no reason to be happy because the bill has only http://jobs. A law that is not in the “public interest” is likely to be struck down by the court. the Act. But the only way to achieve this was to amend the Act. MPs cutting across party lines had closed ranks to override a decision of the Central Information Commission bringing political parties under the purview of the information law. and with some merit. Akshat Bajpai. less about the plight of Syrians than about U. His decision followed careful evaluation of the science. T Kolkata he rights of the victim and the juvenile accused are equally important. Agra am aghast on learning that someone who is one day short of 18 years of age can escape severe punishment after committing a heinous crime that would have attracted life imprisonment had he committed it a day later. I Thiruvananthapuram t is time to revisit the Juvenile Justice Act. Obama is showing a willingness to cooperate with Congress. It is time the loopholes in the law were plugged. the safety issue still lingers over these products. but now they face cooperating with him or making the U. People vote for political parties and they have a right to know who funds them. The TV channel deserves severe punishment for befooling the public. though 50 per cent would support limited action. there haven’t been any proven to (Professor Jack A. The explanation for this is likely because stress tolerance is not a solution to the causes of stress.S.S. Meanwhile. never declared war on the erstwhile Democratic Republic of Viet Nam (North Viet Nam). such as missile strikes. A child cannot commit a heinous crime without the support of adults. 6) is interesting. his letter is unlikely to serve any purpose. that will increase yield. some quite serious.S. Reflect on what the problems are and whether technologies solve them or mask No missed opportunities them for a time. the drive to exempt parties from the RTI sends a message that politicians are a law unto themselves. recent polls show nearly 80 per cent approval for the use of the War Powers Act.exoticablogs. Padmanaban’s ambition for a crop that provides all nutritional needs and grows everywhere demonstrates the poverty of the GM approach to hunger and malnourishment. deserve to be lauded for their efforts. Those perpetrating heinous crimes should be treated mercilessly. There is an immediate need to amend the JJ Act.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE.G. but the War Powers Resolution of 1973 (the War Powers Act) requires him to consult the legislature before introducing U.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Such a crop would quickly become obsolete as it would also serve as a wonderful meal for every conceivable form of pest.

now under Microsoft’s care. on the other hand. a remnant of its monopoly-driven software days. in accordance with the U. Nokia is likely to benefit far more in the long term as the acquisition is in effect a bailout package. Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (1990). Convention does not prohibit prosecuting a child under 18 who has committed an offence under the regular penal laws.N. M Pranav Shekhar. This technology can be further improved. in Indiana. Convention and the Beijing Rules do not prohibit subjecting children/ juveniles to the regular criminal justice system under certain circumstances. P Bangalore B J.” Had he actually regretted his action. have enacted a juvenile code of which the main objective is rehabilitation and not punishment.). Even in the afterglow of the United Progressive Alliance’s 2009 victory. Congresspersons also neatly skirted questions around Rahul’s fitness and qualifications to lead the country. his predisposition to crime. Its next steps as it looks to take on Apple and Google are bound to have repercussions in India. But by doing this.K. persons under 18 are tried by a “Youth Court” which is a special type of magistrate’s court for those aged 1018 years. that the $7.. In most U. The company. however. the NCRB statistics relating to violent crimes by juveniles against women are very troubling. the Beijing Rules do not fix 18 as the age of a juvenile. kidnapping and abduction of women and girls will be exempted from the jurisdiction of the JJB and tried in the adult criminal justice system. over 10. their market share in the all-important smartphone market. Till date it is not clear what future role he intends to play. R. Microsoft. Murthy. which is almost as much as the increase in such cases over the entire previous decade. “Crime in India 2011” suggests the number of rapes committed by juveniles has more than doubled over the past decade from 399 rapes in 2001 to 858 rapes in 2010. not to be compelled to confess guilty. the state can establish a minimum age below which children shall be presumed not to have the capacity to infringe the penal law.co. The Youth Court can issue community sentences. then hats off to his grace and humility.N. nationally and in key battleground States like Andhra Pradesh. The JJA creates a juvenile justice system in which persons up to the age of 18 who commit an offence punishable under any law are not subject to imprisonment in the adult justice system but instead will be subject to advice/admonition. and because their character is not fully developed. doing whatever it takes. The problem is the blatantly unequal nature of relationship between the Nehru-Gandhis and the phalanx of Congresspersons who by instinct and training are happiest in worship mode. As the data suggests. conditions under which the crime occurred). which are both signatories to the U. The judge should have the discretion to award punishment on a case-by-case basis based on the seriousness of the crime. all of the Congress has been clamouring to have Rahul lead the party into the big election. India is not in the throes of a general crime wave by juveniles. to be informed promptly of the charges against him and to gs . After all. this interest surely has to be balanced with creating a legal deterrent to protect women and girls from the increasing incidence of rapes by juveniles. Padmanabhan. the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) ordered that the boy who raped Nirbhaya. The first step should be to mandate that all donations be made by cheques. Making political funding transparent is a must to free politics as well as business from corruption. Satish Srinivasan. any have expressed their dissatisfaction with the sentence awarded to the juvenile and have advocated the need to amend the Juvenile Justice Act. He had a good opportunity to become the toast of the nation by proving his mettle in any chosen area of government or party organisation. It is a rare politician who would defer to a subordinate. community service. etc.” The Crown Court can also give “extended sentence” to a minor. Therefore. the deal faces an uncertain future. Unfortunately. But they should follow the Election Commission’s guidelines on the declaration of assets and expenses during the elections. As per the reports of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) entitled “Crime in India 2011” and “Crime in India 2012. The lack of stringent punishment in such cases will surely embolden juvenile criminals. the government has only postponed the inevitable to a future date as all the parties are bent on ensuring that the CIC order is not implemented. with much fanfare. the jurisdiction of juvenile courts is automatically waived when a juvenile above a certain age.e xo the RTI raise some serious questions. he’s headed back to Microsoft with half of Nokia in hand and a clear shot at succeeding Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer. Most new varieties of crops fail to perform over the years. Under Michigan’s Juvenile Waiver Law passed in 1997. jo T bs A marriage of necessity :// ike his statements on the revival and resurrection of the economy.S. If a youth is jointly charged with an adult. What complicates matters is the Congress first family’s dichotomous attitude to leadership issues. inclusive growth. It is a different matter that in the public perception she is the leader and he is the one being led.V. His age cannot be used to save him from punishment. the mental age. by research. it will have a negative effect on its India employee base and consequent investment. Venkataraman Tepperumanallur ature has created barriers to check gene flow across species. This basic principle underlies the juvenile justice systems in many countries. To be able to win the 2014 election. with admiration for a young man’s leadership skills. unlike India. juveniles who commit violent crimes such as rape are prosecuted in the same manner as adults. Per se. And all this when Narendra Modi is practising hard to be Prime Minister. there was no dearth of voices within the Congress imploring Rahul to take Dr. Microsoft still has a chance at the smartphone crown. Why do they want to avoid answering the public when their programmes are meant for it? Why should they be averse to declaring the details of their assets if they have nothing to hide? Tanzil Asif. there are 1. Similarly. Nokia’s liabilities are now Microsoft’s headache. Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989. there was expectation in the air. It is clear that Rahul’s image is on the wane. In short. the JJ Act could have established an age limit. There is about the clan members a born-to-rule air that has instilled sycophancy and worse among Congresspersons. Rajarajeshwari. in both the U. including the United States and the U.000 acres. Despite the unprecedented street protests following the Nirbhaya rape. The behaviour of GMO and their impact on the environment need to be studied before using them in agriculture. “Crime in India 2012” records that the total number of rapes committed by juveniles more than doubled from 485 in 2002 to 1149 in 2011. it was Sachin Tendulkar who suggested Mahendra Singh Dhoni for the job and has since been uncomplainingly playing under him.N. particularly with regard to the quantum of punishment. The basic question is: T Pradeep Kumar Mathur. payment of a fine or. counselling. the Internet and television. His appeal today is restricted to Congress voters. When he entered politics in 2004. States. Between the two. Convention. there was a massive increase in instances of rape by juveniles by nearly 300. provides that the reaction shall be in proportion to the circumstances and the gravity of the offence as well as the circumstances and needs of the juvenile as well as the needs of society. South Dakota and Vermont. Most States in the U.. Beijing Rules Rule 17 of the Beijing Rules. Standard Minimum Rules for Administration of Juvenile Justice (1985) (known as the “Beijing Rules”) and the U. and the U. The Crown Court can sentence the child for offences of murder committed when the offender was a youth as well as for “grave crimes” including sexual assault and sentence the child to “indeterminate detention for public protection. However. But he failed to prove his ability. While rehabilitation is certainly an important legal and societal objective. Dhanish Antony. Juvenile courts do not have the power to impose punishment and can impose only rehabilitative measures or ab lo CARTOONSCAPE criminals to grow. SEPTEMBER 9. the U. they still have the possibility of being rehabilitated. assistance by government programmes. usually 13 or 15. Krishnadas. New Delhi T Bangalore rapist. and other specifics of the case (for e. it is altogether possible that Nokia’s handset business. 7) and other pieces on the subject expose the confusion over the understanding of science and technology. It is clear now. Juveniles appear in juvenile court and not in adult court. Therefore. S. has a shot at reliving its glory days. Yet. MONDAY. However. V. But equally there seems an unwillingness to lead that is particularly manifest in Rahul. As reported by India Today. the U. it is now possible to break these natural barriers and transfer genes across species and genus. Chennai T Juvenile & crime cannot agree that the light sentence of three years in a reform centre for an accused in the Delhi gang rape case — just because he was a few days short of 18 while committing the heinous crime— is justified. The juvenile accused in the Delhi gang rape case pleaded “not guilty. Convention. this is the sort of wheeling and dealing one would expect when a company falls to ruin. The yields are remarkable. A certification hearing takes place and an adult court prosecutor is required to convince the adult court that the case should be transferred. A I New Delhi Bangalore here is hope as some MPs are still trying to ensure the accountability of the political class through the RTI. New Delhi olitical parties should be left out of the ambit of the RTI Act because the donations they receive are from well-wishers. Unlike the U. Let us wish the standing committee will protect the law from the proposed amendment. the interest in protection of juveniles has to be balanced with the interest of protecting particularly vulnerable members of society from violent crimes committed by persons under 18 years of age and amending the law when societal conditions radically change over time. the only constant in the world of technology is that landscapes change at the speed of a mouse click. not taxpayers. behavioural programmes. between 2011 and 2012 alone. including declaiming to the nation with a make-believe Red Fort in the background. (Aparna Viswanathan is a lawyer) is GM really a product of a modified gene? There is no proof as such. This increase alone makes amendment of the JJA imperative.S. I have no hesitation in saying people should reject both Rahul Gandhi and Narendra Modi. Rather than treating 18 as a magical number. psychological assessment (whether the accused was aware of the consequences of his crime. Vinayak.N.V. India should consider amendment of the Act to transfer certain violent crimes such as murder and rape committed by juveniles above a particular age to the adult criminal system. and the U. However. Rahul has managed not to be around at critical times — which is now more than ever considering the monumental nature of problems before the government. to have the matter determined without delay by a competent and impartial authority or judicial body. should not forget Rahul as PM Politicians that their attempts to evade L tp Palakkad ht R ahul has done nothing much except conducting some road shows now and then.S.N. There isn’t much hope of his turning a new leaf. These include the worst economic downturn in a decade and unceasing scams and scandals leading to a serious credibility crisis topped by an unhappy prognosis for the election. However. T O Underlying principle The JJ Act was passed in 2000 with the purpose of incorporating into domestic law India’s obligations under international law as a signatory of the U. whom he has also held up as the “ideal Prime Minister” post-the 2014 general election.N.K. however. although welcome. Sonia Gandhi did that when she nominated Manmohan Singh to be Prime Minister in her place.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. knows well the nature and consequences of the heinous crime committed by him.000. If the youth is found guilty. While the deal is a bittersweet ending for Nokia. even if he is under 18. Praveen Kumar. This is a crisis time equally for the Congress voter: the Prime Minister wants to be led by Rahul who seems least interested in leading. we are actually offering scope to http://jobs. What one sees is better gene-expression of crop at some places. E.S. Moreover. Microsoft is treading uncertain waters as it leaps forward without a proven strategy.com R A ape has nothing to do with the juvenility of an offender. the Beijing Rules provide for rules applicable to persons between the age of 7 and 18. in the U. both companies are one-time pioneers that are fighting a losing battle to maintain. Panchagavya that Indian farmers have been traditionally familiar with is now being used for the seed treatment of local crops in Tirunelveli district. When last asked to lead the Indian team.S. Rape should be treated as an exception. the Crown Court can impose a sentence which does not exceed the maximum sentence applicable to an offender who is 21 years or older. California’s Proposition 21 which was passed in 2000 allows prosecutors to automatically try juveniles who commit felonies as adults. let alone grow. because there is a fundamental in it. Even the U. and not uniformly at all places. India’s international legal obligations do not prohibit it from amending the JJ Act to provide that persons between the age of 16-18 who are accused of rape.000. 2013 Aparna Viswanathan Born to serve here is a healthy tradition in cricket and many other sports of the captain or a former captain. pulled out her intestines and then cleaned up the bus and made tea would go virtually free by sentencing him to only 28 months in a remand home as eight months of the total 36 months’ sentence had already been served. The juvenile is entitled to an attorney at the hearing and to present any evidence which mitigates against the transfer. for serious crimes like murder or rape. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s remark that Rahul Gandhi would be an ideal choice for the Prime Minister’s post after the 2014 elections should also be taken with a pinch of salt. 2013 Balancing the juvenile act Young offenders above a certain age who commit violent crimes should be prosecuted as adults MONDAY. such as 14 or 16. 7).N. and to examine witnesses. U. a risk that seems all the more deadly in light of its poor management succession plan. By upholding his right. M. Sanchi Singh. we should consider creating a juvenile range (15-20 years). in turn. GM debate he article “Keep the pause button on GM pressed” (Sept. they have taken action to amend their laws. which the outside world widely and correctly credited to Manmohan Singh’s leadership.exoticablogs. It is different from other offences committed out of immaturity. Not just the Prime Minister. Canadian-born Stephen Elop was appointed. Parties will continue to show donations to be under Rs. he would have pleaded guilty. mental abnormality. According to the NCRB statistics.K. there are 815 remand homes in India with a capacity of 35. However.8 EDITORIAL http://jobs.N. Coimbatore A postponement he proposal to amend the Right to Information Act to exclude political parties from its purview has thankfully been deferred and referred to a parliamentary committee for consideration (“Saved for now. Even with Nokia in hand. With a fresh infusion of cash and a renewed vision. commits a violent or other serious crime. This order is subject to review by the JJB based on the behaviour of the juvenile and the police are required to expunge this crime from his record in order to ensure complete rehabilitation. At least part of this is due to Nokia’s slow adoption of innovations like the touchscreen. Underlying these international texts is the legal philosophy that juveniles lack the physical and mental maturity to take responsibility for their crimes. not the biological age. The law needs to be revisited. has struggled to make the transition into the smartphone age. Instead. there can be no objections to Manmohan Singh asking to work under Rahul Gandhi. the case starts in Youth Court but is transferred to a Crown Court which is the same as a Sessions Court. Since all crimes occur in the mind first. Particularly in view of the significant increase in rapes committed by juveniles since the JJ Act was passed. endorsing his name for the hot seat to the administrators and the selectors while simultaneously agreeing to play under the new helmsman. But this is against natural laws. etc. there has been little substantive debate on the adequacy of the Juvenile Justice Act to deal with such heinous crimes. it is in the single digits. below which a person could not be deemed to have the capacity to commit an offence. and the case is automatically transferred to adult court. at the most.g. will not automatically lead to transparency in political funding. since the increase in violent crimes committed by juveniles in the 1990s. a leader needs the support of a much larger constituency. the current system serves neither the purpose of rehabilitation nor deterrence against future crime. Eshan Gupta. Nokia’s share in the handset market has slipped considerably over the past ten years and in the smartphone market. the charge is heard and tried by a regular court. .7 million juvenile accused in India. ringing political parties under the RTI.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Gwalior Meerut CM YK co m N Ambala n August 31. especially because he was reportedly the most aggressive. as the first foreign CEO of Nokia in 2010. have also faced an increase in violent crimes by juveniles but. children as young as 10 can be tried as adults. Convention. It is successful because it is genecoordinator acting on the sprouting seed. Let us not forget that children grow faster today thanks to their access to mobile phones. After all. emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. could do with some risk-taking. Remand homes in India are not conducive to the reform and rehabilitation of juveniles as envisioned by the principles enshrined in international law.N. 2013. be sent to a remand home for three years. Analysts were quibbling even then over whether it was in Nokia’s best interest to do so. If the Prime Minister has indeed expressed this wish in a spirit of sportsmanship. should be of prime consideration while trying cases involving juvenile offenders. A person who is a few months short of becoming an adult “legally” has enough understanding of the brutality of the crime he commits. SEPTEMBER 9. States have adopted a “get tough” approach in response. Singh’s place unmindful of the insult to a Prime Minister still in office. Therefore. Though apparently the second-in-command in the Congress structure. he seeds of Microsoft’s recent acquisition of Nokia’s mobile phone business were probably sown two years ago when the Finnish handset maker jumped aboard the Microsoft train by adopting Windows Mobile as the operating system for its smartphones.” the percentage of crimes committed by juveniles as compared to total crimes has not significantly in- Youth Court ‘Get tough’ approach tic Several other countries such as the U.2 billion deal is a marriage born out of necessity. Kottayam person can be reformed only if he believes that he has done something gravely wrong.20. With technological intervention.exoticablogs. youth detention and rehabilitation programmes which last three years.Three years later. brutalised her with an iron rod. For example. have legal or other appropriate assistance in the preparation of his defence. which is sitting on a cash mountain in the range of $70 billion. Convention provides that a child who has been accused of having violated the penal law shall have the following guarantees: to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law. However. reparation orders.” Sept... Furthermore. it needs to be pointed out that even with the respective combined hardware and software capabilities of the two companies. creased from 2001-2012. juveniles can automatically be tried as adults. Article 40 of the U. BG-X . one of Nokia’s largest plants is in Chennai and if Microsoft chooses to exit the feature handset business.K. personal liberty may be deprived if the juvenile is adjudicated guilty of a serious offence involving violence against another person or persistence in committing other serious offences.

The embers of communal clashes are fanned by vested interests which use destruction to reap electoral benefits. T tic emailed to Letters Letters CARTOONSCAPE letters@thehindu. ironically. he is selling the Rangarajan formula for pricing gas as the panacea to India’s energy security woes. They know that the police are on the side of those who have money and political influence. Ground reports suggest that the current disturbance has its roots in an August 27 JatMuslim clash in Kawal village over a spate of killings involving both communities. Large and serious global investors in oil and gas go where the prospects are the best. though serious doubts remained because of the situation at the crippled Fukushima nuclear reactor. Ageing is a gradual process. In the February 2012 Assembly election. he is called a “Juvenile in Conflict with Law” (JICWL). Shaikh Jamir Munir. the video turned out to be fake: what was circulated as the actual clip of the August 27 killings was most probably footage shot in Pakistan. However. the judicial process is very slow. If we reduce the age limit for juveniles to 16 following the Nirbhaya case.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. The greatest irony is that people who live side by side. people do not consider harassment of women belonging to other communities wrong. Naveen Kumar. They are indeed born to serve (Sept. one wonders why the wisdom did not dawn on Dr. What follows is communal/caste tension. and the fire of hatred spread fast to claim precious lives. This leads to people taking the law into their own hands. second to none in this business and have indeed perfected this art form. Unlike adult criminals. Psychological tests must be done on young offenders to determine their predisposition to crime. For every cynical action of one. Ganapathi Bhat. Government of India. And since no one was buying their arguments. unfortunately. bandhs. T Chennai he Muzaffarnagar clashes have raised a lot of questions on fraternity and secularism. The disc. The IOC members have opted for Japanese efficiency. The emotional and social development of children in the West is far different from that of our children. Singh proposed Rahul’s name only to appease his colleagues in the party.S. and sometimes even mainstream parties. Their success in selling pipe dreams is perhaps a measure of the depth of our despair as a nation. D. the IOC took the least troublesome course in voting for Tokyo. the powers-that-be took out their most lethal weapon — the pen of the Honourable Minister himself to destroy non-believers like myself. 17-year-old and a 45-year-old cannot be treated equally for the same offence.R. changing the format to make the sport more appealing. 2. by a whopping margin of 24 votes at the International Olympic Committee session in Buenos Aires on Saturday. the Akhilesh Yadav government allowed a large assembly of villagers to gather from neighbouring States. It takes but a small incident to start a skirmish. and land in jails. not age (“Balancing the juvenile act. Abhishek Kutty. So let me cut short the song and dance and pose some straight questions to the Honourable Minister. wrestling jo t is shocking to learn that over 30 lives have been lost in communal clashes in Muzaffarnagar. the Honourable Minister lets fly a “conservative” pipe dream of 100 tcf of gas unlocking “$1 trillion in value” — never mind the details or the basis. There is complete failure of law and order in the State. Trial by regular courts and exposure to hardened criminals will obstruct his rehabilitation. Akola ested interests have manipulated the emotions of Muzaffarnagar residents — Muslim and Hindu — and whipped up unrest using some “video clips and inflammatory text messages. A spark that could have been extinguished well in time by the local administration was allowed to develop into a wild fire. Warangal he rise in communal activities — Kishtwar. Tamil Nadu. At IIM-Ahmedabad. which is why a handful of rumour mongers could spread communal poison and escalate the situation. Anuradha Rajan. Tolerance and the need to ignore inflammatory speeches and those spreading rumours are the http://jobs. The sport had the backing of Russian President Vladimir Putin. and galvanising world opinion. TUESDAY. As an experienced dream merchant. there tends to be an equal and opposite reaction from the other.” The average Indian is more preoccupied with his livelihood and is least interested in killing members of other communities. my age. slightest provocation when the Communal poison the police are equally capable of ab lo imperative need of the hour. As 2014 nears. which portrayed Muslims as nation-breakers. Chaurasi Kosh Parikrama Yatra and. Raghavan. Rajnish Singh. Bihar.exoticablogs. Subbalakshmi. one of my very famous professors always said that a policymaker must have her/his head in the clouds but the feet must remain firmly on the ground. While appreciating the nature of the crime in the Nirbhaya case. leaving aside the dubiousness of the estimated savings on LNG imports. Although there are huge cans of worms under some of the overseas acquisitions we have made. A Haridwar am deeply fazed. 2013 Selling the dream for a song The government has spared no effort to convince the public that its gas pricing formula. some political parties based on communal ideology are instigating violence with an eye on the 2014 election. The Buenos Aires meeting also saw wrestling staging a comeback — an expected one — into the Olympic sports programme after having been stunningly knocked out by the IOC Executive Board last February. In a way. come as a surprise given the Olympic body’s avowed keenness to avoid gigantism. however. We should understand that democracy based on religion. M. and disturbing peace and progress. employment and health care. who take part in agitations. 9).e xo he violence points to the complete failure of the system.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. 4. 2013 Surya P. deceptive claims have kept appearing in the press about the wisdom of pricing natural gas as proposed by Dr. A hate-filled VCD had formed part of the BJP’s official campaign material ahead of the 2007 Assembly election. especially the basis for estimating avoided LNG imports. Bangalore V Juvenile offenders person should be declared a minor or adult based on his mental growth and tendency to commit a crime. a JICWL lacks maturity and his character is not developed. which of course was grave and brutal. Ravikumar. was withdrawn following an FIR registered by the Election Commission. my mother always told me that thieves have no feet. wrestling took just one round of voting to get back into the 2020 and 2024 Games. wondering whether we are indeed living in the 21st century. as well as several other Asian countries. knowing well that the chances of the party returning to power are remote. The violence is a culmination of undercurrents that have swept the State for about two decades. rogue elements get involved in such horrific instances and. A juvenile’s crime is not his mistake but that of society.40/MMBTU or anywhere close to it for conventional natural gas? doubt but. This spark developed into a fire. is the Honourable Minister trashing the various findings of the CAG and the Parliamentary Committee on KG-D6? Is the Honourable Minister trashing the findings of his predecessor and the reports of his own Ministry and the DGH? 5.80 billion Tokyo budget to the $5. They see no contradiction between the claimed lowering of poverty and the proposed food security bill that has its foundation in the fact that 70 per cent of Indians cannot even buy sufficient food to survive today. But. Devoted party workers. will this additional production come from acreage that should have been relinquished years ago as pointed out by the CAG? In closing. It is not without significance that peace prevailed until the next election five years later. Excessive political interference in the functioning of the police has taken a toll. Predictably enough. depending on the extent of political support. should. A juvenile is not called a criminal. and why the circulation of the “inflammatory video clip” was not stopped in time. SEPTEMBER 10. Since my infancy. In Kashmir. remains in gs . Sendhur. Given its popularity around the world and its legacy from the ancient Olympics. It is already part of the 2016 Games. That election was saved by the ECI’s hawk-like watch over communal and caste miscreants. financial health and technical competence over the perceived risks associated with bids from Istanbul and Madrid. Dalits and caste Hindus. as is obviously the case now. The latest communal disturbances are also the result of an eve-teasing incident. not with Reliance for it. Sethi Playing with fire ttar Pradesh has always been vulnerable to communal and caste tensions because of the sizeable presence in the State of three critical demographic segments — Muslims. Juvenile offenders are products of our society. one does not go to bed as a child and wake up as an adult. the truth found out and the guilty punished. This outcome. either sputters to a swift end or turns into a full-blown conflagration. The validity of these claims. The SP is the mirror opposite of the BJP and its larger parivar. Anand Ji Jha. is a highly decorated warrior of many election battles. especially in the backdrop of the $12 billion ‘economic disaster’ that the 2004 Athens Games proved to be for Greece. responds efficiently and effectively to shape the prevailing environment and maximise profits. One wonders why rumours were allowed to spread thick and fast. While Tendulkar was wise in proposing Dhoni’s name. Will this additional output come from the existing fields or new fields with new investments? Will the additional output result from RIL belatedly fulfilling its long unmet commitments under the addendum to the agreed initial development plan as detailed by the CAG? Finally. Moreover. Muzaffarnagar — show that our political parties are exploiting the communal card to the hilt for the 2014 Lok Sabha election. The dearth of leadership in the more-than-a-century old party is appalling. Dr. But in India people have no faith in the system. 2013 in the Times of India come straight out of a recent Annual Report of Reliance. education. caste and language cannot provide food. We are all answerable for such horrific incidents as we have become dogmatic enough to prefer religion over sense and righteousness. is Adjunct Professor. and share the same schools. Rangarajan. Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. a formula such as the one currently in use in India to lure exploration and production investments in conventional natural gas or oil? 3. an old Congress satrap. Indian politicians are. V. now. Despite being warned about possible unrest in the September 7 mahapanchayat. should be pleased with its return to the Games just as they would be in Asia gaining the privilege to host the Games 12 years after Beijing. get nothing. A. it is interesting to note that the Army is called in at T y accepting Rahul as his leader. daughters and relatives being elevated in the party and the government. The initial sparks were not doused in time. and implored Hindus to vote the BJP or find themselves sporting beards and wearing burqas. the truth is that for every dollar invested overseas we have accrued more oil and gas reserves than for the same dollar invested in the Indian sedimentary basin. protests. among other leaders. India. is the direct result of the changes he has instituted in the way his Ministry had been operating and the use of the Rangarajan formula for pricing conventional natural gas at the well head. which has won three medals in wrestling in the last two editions of the Olympics. National University of Singapore) pronouncing judgments. like any private enterprise. which has already claimed over two dozen lives and left hundreds homeless. The Japanese capital was the front-runner in a three-way contest. They mobilise in large groups. My issue is with our dream merchants and Doubtful claims okyo won its bid to host the 2020 Olympic Games. skewed in favour of Reliance. For all of Mayawati’s faults she ran an efficient administration that acted at the first sign of communal trouble. Singh all these years.com I Hyderabad Thiruvananthapuram P rime Minister Manmohan Singh has gracefully chosen Rahul Gandhi as the Congress’ most suitable prime ministerial T he basic ideology of our penal system is reformation. Unfortunately. the mob frenzy in Muzaffarnagar. of course. A last-ditch assurance from Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to allay fears about the radioactive water leak from Fukushima apparently succeeded. The Honourable Minister gives several numbers about potentially higher domestic productions that could have been realised by end-2013 and by 2014-15 from KG-D6 and the likely savings in LNG imports. Invariably. Also. meet and greet one another.04 billion budget of Madrid. it is a government’s supreme responsibility to anticipate and control riots. It was also a way of showing solidarity with a nation recovering from the 2011 devastating tsunami. This is not different from the British policy of divide and rule. and the economic crisis in Spain. SEPTEMBER 10. mostly on the basis of caste or religion. U P Rangarajan formula Veerappa Moily. Neither that famous professor nor my illiterate mother is alive today for me to ask them if dream merchants with heads in the clouds too have no feet! (The writer. They sell dreams. its minions in the Planning Commission are running out of newly sharpened pencils convincing the nation that poverty has reduced significantly. formerly Principal Adviser. let me ask the Honourable Minster if he can guarantee the promised additional output. Harikrishnan. appears to be a textbook case of engineered violence. public transport and neighbourhood get infected with communalism spread by the enemies of humanity. In a truly equal nation. No one has answered any of the direct questions that I have asked in my four articles in The Hindu since the Rangarajan Committee report surfaced.co. rival political efforts to fuel and play on the insecurity and fears of Muslims and Hindus are likely to be intensified. forget the euphoria that the dream of “Garibi Hatao” created in the 1970s? Some 40 plus years later. more importantly. fresh hope came in the form of Akhilesh Yadav who seemed sincere enough with his promise to practise principled politics. political manipulation and a poisonous video calculatedly pressed into circulation by suspected Hindutva elements. thanks to police inaction. guaranteed by our Constitution. which. Prima facie. When it happens to their women. A. Of course. Unfortunately. Many girls of the region have quit their studies because of eveteasing and other related incidents. Can any Indian. Bangalore New Delhi :// lthough there is no denying that the Muzaffarnagar violence had a political angle to it. ordinary people allow themselves to be led into a quagmire of violence. the Indian public sector (primarily OVL) took the lead in this while the domestic private sector concentrated on India — an environment it could efficiently and effectively manage for much higher monetary gains (not resource accretion). A Kollidam ND-ND . for that matter. Power & Energy. steering clear of the political turmoil in Turkey. it was clear that the sport would get the nod. hospitals. If Rahul is indeed the ideal candidate. The Honourable Minster blames his own government for failure to give timely approvals to Reliance to achieve these outputs. That IOC members ignored the cost factor. with the competition getting fiercer closer to an election. Many more do not tell their family of what they undergo due to fear of discontinuation of their education. Women are seen in the region as symbols of honour.exoticablogs. The promise stands betrayed as can be seen from the Samajwadi Party government’s admission to at least 27 communal incidents since March 2012. Moily’s op-ed of August 7. dynastic politics has played a big role with sons. While a flag march by the security forces may seem to instil confidence among residents. The August 27 incident escalated because the victim belonged to a dominant caste. some of the statements in Mr. Uttar Pradesh. tp T candidate for the 2014 election. And equally predictably. will we reduce it further if another crime occurs where the age of the accused is less than 16? S. will be the solution to India's energy needs TUESDAY. I handling such disturbances. I am proud that despite a few questionable deals. courts take into account the gravity of crime. Japan’s ‘clean’ image in matters of doping compared to the mess in Turkey — with as many as 31 suspensions of athletes in recent weeks — might also have mattered in the final round of voting. the fact remains that such incidents should not have occurred in the first place.com THE HINDU I NOIDA/DELHI. 9) while our political families are born to rule. the Honourable Minister informs. its second in 56 years. Faheem Mohammed Konnakkodan. Thiruvananthapuram he comparison between India and the West is incorrect.” Sept. In yet another three-cornered contest involving a combined baseball-softball bid. do either of these countries or for that matter any country in the world provide the kind of guaranteed well head price for conventional natural gas that we have been paying under the current formula or promising to pay under the Rangarajan formula from April 2014? Can the Honourable Minister name a single well head in the world that is currently receiving $8. The good sense of Uttar Pradesh’s people will be severely tested in the months ahead. apart from one in squash. T bs Thumbs up for Tokyo. the circumstances and the living conditions of the accused. Andhra Pradesh. for instance. large-scale violence erupted. we should also understand that there is an urgent need to rehabilitate the juvenile offender. International wrestling federation president Nenad Lalovic deserves to be complimented for his efforts in revamping the structure. The Honourable Minister promises an additional production of 40 MMSCMD of gas annually “starting” 2016-17 and savings of $65 billion in LNG imports. But this is exactly how vested interests. Uttar Pradesh. Aakash Sinha. While CM YK co m T New Delhi oliticians worldwide are dream merchants. A . operate. giving more representation to women both in the federation and in the Olympic competition. Can the Honourable Minister list the $100 billion that Indian companies have invested or committed to date for oil and gas assets overseas? The actual investment to date is under $25 billion and I honestly wish it was four times higher as claimed by the Honourable Minister. they are ready to even kill the culprits. Chennai New Delhi estern Uttar Pradesh is notorious for atrocities against women. 1. leading to the formation of the first majority government in 16 years by the Bahujan Samaj Party. The pattern is familiar. in preferring the $9. and Karnataka. the same Congress party is telling the nation that 70 per cent of people now need food subsidy to survive. Despite the price reforms in Brazil and China cited by the Honourable Minister. Singh has not only prodded Rahul to spell out his options but also cautioned those wanting to vote for the Congress. ht W B Agra Born to rule he tradition of naming a successor from within the family to head a party/government is prevalent in most States. a murder is investigated. Can the Honourable Minister name any country in the world that offered investors from India or elsewhere a formula such as that proposed by the Rangarajan Committee or. Dr. Puneet Jain. Again.

G. but for what? he landslide election victory of Australia’s conservative Coalition on September 7 is no surprise. they caused by the impending reversal of quanti. the government has a golden chance to prevent the IM from becoming a convenient reason for hauling up innocent persons. Is that all there is to coping with volatile capital flows? Alas. final results under the single transferable vote for the 76-place Senate. Earlier. but it leaves the deposed Labor Party in chaos. ab lo Coimbatore he special fast track court has delivered a salutary judgment within a short time in the Delhi gang rape and murder case. The brutality itself is evidence of extreme aggression. Further. We should not take the West as a model to amend our laws on all issues. Despite a strong economy — the country has seen 22 years of uninterrupted aggregate growth and under Labor has ridden the global crash very well — the party’s bitter infighting. macro-prudential measures are not easily put in place or in time. T T Hyderabad hildren now have easy accessibility to adult material on the Internet. funds and a steep fall in currencies. It is not fair to put the entire blame on one party. several newspapers reported how Bhatkal has confessed to his involvement in the bomb blasts at Mecca Masjid (2007). It is an open secret that all parties thrive on communal lines.T. In addition. are still awaited.exoticablogs. The circumstances which drive these vulnerable children to be in conflict with law are something we as a society need to review. Battered currencies Some commentators have pointed out The currencies of several emerging mar. The number of juvenile offenders is much more in the U. 2013 Easing troubles in the long run While assuaging the fears of foreign investors. Politicians who stop at Kozhikode he fact that there is a staggering increase in the instances of rape by juveniles V Chennai T CM YK co m Bhopal There are two issues that are relevant to India. Had it taken precautionary measures. has delivered no fewer than 88 seats to Coalition leader Tony Abbott’s grouping. for that matter. and will continue attracting Indian students while it extends its commitment to the Asian Quadrilateral. South Africa.co.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. China will contribute $41 billion. foreign exchange reserves in East Asia as well as India are at a higher level than in 1997 relative to imports. A reversal of QE spells a flight of will withdraw the stimulus right away.S.and. however. Similarly. from the third option. The incoming Prime Minister aims to abolish the carbon tax. impose limits on the leverage of financial intermediaries. nothing to further their and their A shame parties’ interests must pause to think of the consequences of their actions. The maturity bonds in order to keep long-term U. FII investments in debt in India stood at $28 billion on September 6. First. Rey thinks it unrealistic to expect central banks of advanced economies to do much to prevent spillovers of their monetary policies to the rest of the world. Media reports have clearly stated that both Muslims and Hindus took the law into their own hands. was predictably punished by voters.urged emerging markets to put their houses tative easing (QE) in the United States. Sapna Roy.. A salute salute the courage of Sushmita Banerjee who lent her support to the emancipation of women in Afghanistan despite threats to her life from the Taliban.shows a fall in the unemployment rate to 7 kets and led to appreciation in their cur. Since not all of it can be absorb. These announcements have already led to an appreciation in the rupee in recent days. even floating exchange rates may not offer emerging markets adequate protection. has undergone a significant conversion since. 9). Nawada and Khagaria (Bihar) and many other places in the country.a gradual withdrawal of monetary stimulus sis of 2007.target is 6. the RBI had announced that it was opening a swap window to sell dollars to oil marketing companies. who in 2008 turned their backs on Mr. can hope for is that conditions in the adUnder QE. at least for short periods. For now. which saw Prime Minister Kevin Rudd ousted by his deputy Julia Gillard in 2010 and then reinstated in a June 2013 counter-coup. We the advanced world stopped short of giving should know later this month.” But unless Bhatkal’s interrogation is corroborated by the testimony of his other alleged accomplices in custody. RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan announced a concessional window for hedging the foreign currency risk for banks bringing in NRI deposits in dollars. a professor at London Business School. Simply put. Helene Rey.S.” Sept. That Uttar Pradesh is communally sensitive is well known. the young girl was not deterred. Mohd Mudassir Alam. Brazil. Ms Gillard had more parliamentary Labor support than Mr. low-cost investment in the emerging mar. who is currently in the custody of the National Investigation Agency. with Russia.in) Varkala f only we had a responsive police force. Indigenous Australians. Since the end of May. The new Coalition government will. Australian voters. What emerging markets face is not so much the classical ‘trilemma’ posed by the ‘impossible trinity’ but a dilemma: to have an independent monetary policy or free capital flows. Thiruvananthapuram t is not correct to blame the BJP alone for the riots in Muzaffarnagar.S. Janga Bahadur Sunuwar. Secondly. Rudd’s widely acclaimed national day of apology to them. the Akhilesh Yadavled Samajwadi Party government is largely to blame for the disturbances because of its unprecedented delay in taking action to bring things under control. hatred and contempt for personal dignity. Abbott made the most of his opportunity.would imply that any tapering of the stimuvanced economies so as to take into account lus would be very gradual. however. Leaders of excellent news for emerging markets. the two young men would not have killed the man who harassed the sister of one of them.terest rate to remain low until 2016. Such pessimism is misplaced for several reasons. round of QE. Mr. Bhatkal. the Fed has indicated. shows that society is not conducive for children to grow in a healthy manner and stay away from crimes. the NIA and other agencies should focus their attention on gathering the evidence needed to ensure his conviction. It is this indifference that makes people think they themselves should “teach a lesson” to the culprits. in effect. his testimony could be invaluable in evaluating whether or not some of the many Muslim men currently arraigned for these crimes have been falsely implicated. is an opportunity for the government to set the record straight on the Indian Mujahideen. where half the seats were available. There may be no escape. Ahthey had borrowed from abroad to finance a domestic property boom. those in equity at $137 billion. Seshagiri Row Karry. Jayaraman. Prabha. East Asian economies learnt that the way to deal with the ‘impossible trinity’ in an open economy — an independent monetary policy. Looking at the recent riots in Kishtwar (J&K). free flows of capital and fixed exchange rates — is to let go of exchange rates. which had forcefully advocated full convertibility until then. Secular parties and civil society should unite to fight against it. The fact that the situation in Muzaffarnagar deteriorated after politicians made inflammatory speeches at the khap mahapanchayat shows that the riots were well planned. banks in East Asia were vulnerable because (The author is a professor at IIM. The reason behind such leaks is fairly clear: intelligence agencies are under pressure from their political masters to “deliver results. Lastly. No government can establish peace unless people learn to coexist harmoniously. Those who feel the offender has been let off lightly are indifferent towards juveniles who are victims of inequity and deprivation. Although the Taliban has been removed from power. the 150-seat House of Representatives. Nishank Varshney. FII outflows were a relatively small factor in the flight. A hostile attitude will not help to provide an enabling space for rehabilitation and mainstreaming of juvenile offenders. These lus when it becomes clear that economic purchases expand the flood of dollars in the growth is stronger. The crucial question is: will these measures be adequate to deal with a massive exodus of funds? That depends on just how massive the exodus will turn out to be. such adherence to a time-frame will also act as a deterrent. they should be treated as adults. But their natural process of achieving physical and mental maturity remains the same. Her brutal assassination reinforces that the Taliban is against women’s progress.000 to $75. Thirdly. What’s more. at the G-20 summit. leading to the escalation of tensions. The IMF. The August jobs data for the U.e xo emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu. India and China both won plaudits for having done so. The country is anxious to see justice done for the terrorist attacks that killed and maimed hundreds. Difficult as it will be to strictly delineate the Indian Mujahideen’s membership and affiliates. how do emerging markets in general cope with the flows and ebbs in money supply emanating from the advanced world? In respect of the first. But the charge that a poisonous video was pressed into circulation by them is yet to be proved. Some commentators have argued that we are in for a repeat of the East Asian crisis of 1997 and that India cannot escape mauling this time. The incident was not the result of any Hindu-Muslim rivalry. We are now into the third clear on September 18. Indonesia. now operates from Pokhara in Nepal. This ing down of monetary stimulus in the ad. we have seen a flurry of activity. and the U. This does indicate that it is debt investments that will be primarily in jeopardy once the Fed commences its tapering. 2013 Leak less. perhaps. could be an other countries. At a conference at Jackson Hole in the U. given the present scale of financial globalisation. however. Labor has only itself to blame for this defeat. probe more he arrest last month of Yasin Bhatkal. especially those involved in crimes related to sex. little is likely to change despite proposed cuts in foreign aid. Floating exchange rates provide a natural corrective to volatile flows. Rather than trying to convince the public about how evil the IM is. This move is estimated to bring in about $5 billion-$8 billion over the next six months. This is expected to ease the demand for dollars in the market and hence the downward pressure on the rupee. 10) blames Hindutva elements for aggravating the riots. Afghanistan has a long way to go before ensuring the empowerment of women shackled by a parochial and conservative society. Ram Mohan T I bs Against Labor. the financial crisis of 2007 has brought fresh revelations. the BRICS countries announced the creation of a $100 billion fund to fight currency shocks. can expect little. That would be bad news for emerging markets. On a longer view. The need of the hour is to redefine the rehabilitation process with more focus on sex education and related counselling. the flight of funds in 1997 was primarily on account of loans made by foreign banks and domestic residents taking their savings abroad. David Milton. emerging market leaders Others believe that the Fed wants the inmade a strong plea for calibrating the wind. after it shut shop in northern Karnataka. which the U. This swing is the result of the convulsions such categorical assurances. Furthermore. capital controls may not be as unthinkable or reactionary as they are now thought to be. Such juveniles are incorrigible. He deserves the maximum punishment under the law. Again. which is easier in the present circumstances.K. Internationally. enhances India’s forex reserves in the event of a major flight of funds. This will prove useful not only in thwarting future attacks but also in ensuring that the perpetrators of some of the worst bombings of recent years are brought to book. It is a bad example to follow. B. Voting is compulsory in Australia. who rated better among the public. the Fed has been Tapering of stimulus The Fed will start withdrawing the stimubuying up $85 billion of bonds every month or over a trillion dollars in a year. even the Business Council considers unemployment benefits too low. with Labor winning 57. Federal Reserve vanced economies may themselves warrant commenced in response to the financial cri. It was later given a communal colour by vested interests for political gains. It is a wake-up call for our policymakers and society at large to educate children to keep them away from heinous crimes. and the fully-preferential electoral system used for the federal lower chamber. They cannot have both. G. will likely provide investigators with crucial information on the terror operations he purportedly conceived and carried out with the help of others. a big chunk spills into tapering. another right-wing policy of hers included a blanket refusal to let refugees arriving by boat set foot on the Australian mainland. can try juvenile offenders on the basis of the gravity of the crimes they commit. The challenge for policymakers in emerging markets in the years to come may well be to focus on a set of capital controls that will work. but her U-turn introducing mining and carbon taxes (which may have been intended to preserve her Green-supported minority government) was a political disaster. imposing capital controls. the German Bakery (2010) and Dilsukhnagar (2013). India and Brazil each adding $18 billion and South Africa providing $5 billion. The painstaking investigation that helped apprehend Yasin Bhatkal in the first place is an example of what our agencies are capable of. On assuming office. I ht Amritsar he editorial “Playing with fire” (Sept. the situation of the juveniles. Ramachandran. C Premjee Kumar Barnwal. Communal violence is like a storm that destroys everything that comes in the way. they wouldn’t have died themselves. the alleged mastermind of several terror attacks in India over the past decade.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials.S. so prudent. the outfit cannot stop women’s progress by killing progressive writers like Sushmita. Canberra will maintain its strategic collaboration with the United States. tic ndia’s policymakers have been at pains to assure foreign investors that there will be no return to capital controls. SEPTEMBER 11. http://jobs.S.S. I Jalpaiguri BG-BG .S. Besides the quantum of punishment.ernet. some analysts believe the Fed rencies. Maruthancode E ngineering communal violence for political gains is dangerous. including emerging mar.per cent. for example. Prasanth Kasukurthi. That would be the impact on emerging markets. is pathetic. These are clearly of a magnitude that India can deal with. intelligence agencies have fallen back on their habit of leaking selective. And the way the issue has developed has shifted our focus from the main issue — security for women. Now is the right time to revisit the Juvenile Justice Act. however. tp T . Patna reating one of the culprits in the Nirbhaya gang rape and murder case as an immature boy is unacceptable. the East Asian economies. Two. However. was sentenced to three years in a remand home) and convicted them for 13 offences with which they were charged. Rohit Sachdeva.5 per cent but the trigger for a ed within the U. and with strident Murdoch press support led the polls throughout a campaign sullied by crude sexism. This is not true medabad. That Indian courts do not swerve from the path of their commitment to protect and preserve the rule of law has once again been proved beyond doubt.exoticablogs. T Kishanganj he Samajwadi Party government cannot absolve itself of responsibility and put the entire blame for the riots on the BJP. T :// jo he Muzaffarnagar riots which have left 36 people dead and dozens injured are a shame on the nation. Although the Taliban targeted Malala Yousafzai for her efforts to spread education among the women of Pakistan. One. WEDNESDAY.S. where other parties including the Greens hold the balance of power. The best that emerging markets capital in anticipation of a reversal of QE. have to make concessions in the Senate. It has confirmed the guilt of the four accused (one of the accused committed suicide while the sixth offender. therefore. So. But in cases where brutality is involved. juicy and unverifiable tidbits from Bhatkal’s interrogation to a waiting media.P. he has apparently revealed how many of these attacks were coordinated by Pakistani handlers. T T I Pilani Laudable verdict he much awaited and expected verdict on the Nirbhaya gang rape case is out. and there wouldn’t have been any riots. Muhammed Rafi. These two measures fall within the category of ‘macro-prudential measures’. we are also to believe. The move is said to have triggered a rush of outflows on the part of foreign investors fearful that their own investments too might soon be subject to capital controls. India and Japan agreed to enhance their bilateral currency swap agreement from $15 billion to $50 billion. the Indian Mujahideen — will fall flat before the courts. B. Juvenile accused he judgment against the juvenile in the Nirbhaya rape case has come under severe criticism (“Balancing the juvenile act. today of India or. Within days of his arrest. the government’s case for indicting him — and consequently. S. when the Fed announced its plans to taper QE. despite doubts about the putative benefits. Monetary policy in these economies will be at the mercy of the policies of central banks in the main centres of global finance. These assurances might make sense in the present turbulent conditions where it is necessary not to further rattle foreign investors already upset by the steep depreciation in the rupee in recent months. If developed democracies like the U. we have had an exit of $9 billion in debt but only $3 billion in equity. SEPTEMBER 11. T. The flood of dollars has helped finance cent”.com T Chennai ested interests instigate communal violence for political gains in the run-up to elections. Abbott also opposes same-sex marriage. Thus. and supported by material evidence. may well find that voting against a party is not enough. Had the police been sensitive. In the current round. This followed a lowering of the annual limit on foreign remittances of Indian nationals from $200.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. Just as importantly. Although the riots took place due to clashes between two communities. last month. The police show no empathy for victims of sexual harassment.unemployment rate “in the vicinity of 7 per kets. political leaders must act responsibly and refrain from stoking the communal fire. Rudd. At St Petersburg. gs . administration failed to act on warnings. The pendulum in both academic and policymaking circles appears to be swinging further away from a wholehearted embrace of financial globalisation. curb the expansion of credit at a time when money comes flooding in. Mr.000. market. convicting all the four accused. Abbott may find his austerity economics less popular than he expects. The unemployment rate U. Mr. Instead. at the G-20 summit. there would have been no need for two young men to take the law into their own hands — which provided the spark for the communal riots. Umamahesweran. Yasin Bhatkal’s arrest paves the way for the establishment to shine a light on the role and operations of the IM — an outfit he allegedly co-founded — while clearing the names of those who have nothing to do with it. What we need is not leaks but more of that sort of meticulous police work. he may well try to reverse many of Ms Gillard’s policy improvements for women and for people with disabilities. The Indian Mujahideen.that it may be illegal for central banks in kets — India. The point is the U. Fed is expected to make its stance more interest rates low. nevertheless. and to impose austerity measures. advanced economies to be guided by considto name a few — have been battered in recent erations other than those of their domestic months as foreign investors have withdrawn economies. 1997 crisis One other lesson from the crisis of 1997 was that it makes sense for emerging economies to go slow on full capital account convertibility. but at present Labor is in no position to exploit that. how do we deal with the inevitable tapering in the immediate present? Secondly.S. why should we not do the same? P. Fund exodus So far. the Fed starting buying up long. First. This. ttr@iimahd. a different perspective is needed. particularly towards Ms Gillard. argued that. a juvenile. it appears that the States do not have any control over communal riots. Abbott when he spoke during Mr. namely. in order by pushing through badly needed structural reforms. the government must also consider capital controls to weather the gradual withdrawal of stimulus measures by advanced economies WEDNESDAY. a delay in the withdrawal. That leaves emerging markets with three options. the loss of lives could have been avoided. Since even a small incident like eve-teasing can snowball into a disaster of enormous proportions in our country.

During the 1990s. I had the good fortune of listening to Mehli Mehta. police officers and others.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Parliament can create new States or alter the existing States. Serena. in 2004. THURSDAY. Her unbeaten run on clay. it is the poor and innocent who become victims. it is clear that the root cause of the problem in Muzaffarnagar is the way the Samajwadi Party government works in Uttar Pradesh.G. Similarly. Subramania Bharathi. who is to regulate them? That perplexing question is what arises from the damning report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee that investigated alleged irregularities in the conduct of the human papilloma virus vaccine trial on nearly 23. winning three of five Grand Slam titles. S. Police could not bring the situation under control. Neither Nadal’s 13th major nor Serena’s 17th were records. Row. W tic emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu. thereby leaving 12 names from the Bar for consideration by the collegium of the Supreme Court. banished doubts anyone might have had about her capability on the surface. in turn. murder. juveniles are also a part of society. The States Re-organisation Act also gave legal guarantee to persons who chose to live in the same State without moving to their language state.500 girls in the 10-14 age group in Vadodara. and then demands the resignation of the Chief Minister. handful of politicians to their full advantage. Over the last 15 months. which concluded on Monday in New York.” If the nodal agencies bending over backwards to facilitate the introduction of the vaccine is shocking. the two cases are exceptions rather than the norm. If the very design of a trial that involved ICMR could be faulty. SEPTEMBER 12.N. the State government cannot escape its share of blame for the unfortunate loss of 36 lives. Paes won an eighth Grand Slam men’s doubles title to add to six mixed-doubles crowns. Sathasivam. Under Article 19. the Union Health Ministry’s role in scuttling the truthseeking process is alarming. W Ambala hen we were young. and Chris Evert to suggest that there hadn’t been a better female player. it served the purpose. wear a skull cap. Consider that the Grand Slams are played on three different surfaces these days as compared to two in Laver and Emerson’s era. Likewise. Narayanan.P. Though it is called the Madras High Court. the real fight will begin now. Vaidyanathan and P.S. New Delhi hile it is still not clear where the video clip came from. after her first-round defeat at Roland Garros last year. who is wrong. wear http://jobs. Another remarkable instance of mind over matter was to be found in the continuing success story of Leander Paes (40). The vaccine given to young girls for preventing cervical cancer was approved for use in India in October 2008. some parts of Kannada speaking areas of the Madras Province were merged with Mysore and became the Karnataka State. Nazish Hussain. a ab lo kurta pajama. Ever since his enrolment as an advocate (27.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. The fusion of Kashmiri folk tunes and western classical music. certain misinformed lawyers raised protests with reference to two names. But we have failed in performing it. I was born and brought up in Muzaffarnagar and am quite familiar with “love jihad.7. and Telugu speaking people lived. With appeals from the High Court to the Supreme Court. can we treat him as a minor? K. Both were from south India. But every time communal riots happen. belligerence” (Sept. He did his graduation and law in Madras. Vaidyanathan studied in the Singaram Pillai High School at Villivakkam. the Congress. an Olympic singles gold and causing former players of the stature of John McEnroe. Dhandapani Gopal. the Andhra State was out and areas comprising coastal Andhra. Dr. Most of them were designed and planned for political gains. conducted by Zubin Mehta recently was a lifetime experience for me.co. Surbhit Gupta. then a leading barrister. Leaders who attended the panchayat gave false statements and misled people. on its part. Chandru Collusion of the worst kind hen regulators become violators. the State police have become powerless. the report provides a rare glimpse into the murky ways in which certain policy decisions that affect a large number of people are taken by nodal agencies with utter disregard to propriety. Whatever the quantum of punishment. the Bombay High Court saw the appointment of Justice Sri Krishna. Puducherry comprises not only Tamil-speaking areas (Pondicherry and Karaikal) but also a Malayalam speaking area (Mahe) and Telugu speaking area (Yanam). 2013 Protests against the nomination of judges from other States to the Madras High Court are misinformed and run contrary to the system of judicial appointments in the country K. 13 were from the Bar. sent to a correction home. one is left wondering what the status of other trials would be. he has been practising in the Madras High Court. It is the political class that incites communal tensions directly and indirectly. on the basis of inputs from the State government as well as the Ministry of Law and Justice. Unfortunately. factor in Nadal’s winning head-to-head numbers against Federer. it is stated that M. The conduct and investigation of one of the country’s notorious trials clearly demonstrates that the government showed no interest in protecting its people. Vaidyanathan’s father Subramaniam was an employee of Parry & Co. Rambabu Botcha. Serena in her 30s is making up for the time she lost in her 20s when she chose not to commit to a full schedule. Can a girl be wooed by a person of such appearance? What is the source of Mr. He was appointed special public prosecutor (SPP) for narcotic cases as well as for customs and excise. The term “juvenile” should be redefined. Ever since his enrolment as an advocate (18. In the present case. However at this juncture. He was with the Manchester symphony orchestra conducted by Sir John Barbirolli.S. Being the High Court for the two territories. It is now alleged by a section that two out of the six names cleared belonged to Kerala and hence they should not be appointed. Their punishment should be based on the crime they commit. There is no point in blaming just the BJP and the Sangh because reports have said the Congress and the BSP also played a role in escalating communal tensions. Incidentally. Illa Garg. Martina Navratilova. took note of the objections raised by a section of the Madras Bar and recommended only six names of advocates to the Law Ministry which. Prakash. etc. unknowingly or without realising the consequences. Sreelakshmi. including Palakkad. The argument that persons from one State cannot be appointed as judges of another is not based on sound facts. hailing from Tamil Nadu.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. delaying tactics of the accused. she has devoted herself to tennis and bullet-proofed her legacy. The Malabar area. But an MoU was signed as early as February 2007 by the Indian Council of Medical Research and an American agency.exoticablogs. Venkataramani (a Senior Advocate in the Supreme Court) upon whose name being recommended. There are thousands of rape cases languishing in various courts on account of political interference. Nadal is now just one Australian Open short of becoming the first man since Rod Laver — and only the third ever. degree from Madras University and studied law in the Madras Law College. Surbhi Negi. Open. Advocate S. Chennai :// here have been many incidents of communal violence since Independence. The government should be firm in dealing with those responsible for the Muzaffarnagar riots. father of Zubin Mehta. I Hyderabad Great experience he musical event in Srinagar. It is shocking how a video clip could become a weapon in their hands to achieve their ends. To call them outsiders is gross injustice to them and amounts to robbing the constitutional guarantee given to them. The areas in which predominantly Tamil speaking people lived were carved out form the Madras State (presently Tamil Nadu). States were formed on linguistic basis. opposing their names (even after it has been approved by a collegium headed by the CJI after elaborate consultation) is certainly uncharitable and uncalled for. and lower your gaze while walking in markets and similar places where the presence of girls is high. M. convicting all the four accused. A I Solan ove jihad has been in the news for quite some time in Kerala and Karnataka. and the SP can strengthen its Muslim vote bank. crown and Serena’s fifth did was advance their cases so strongly that they might not need to break the all-time record to be remembered as the best ever. the requirement under Article 217 is that the person being considered must have 10 years of practice as an advocate of the High Court or must have held 10 years in any judicial post within India. we were sent to schools to not only gain knowledge but also values. ensured that “no accountability was fixed” on the erring officials and no definite steps were taken to improve the trial process. Helen Wills Moody (19). Vaidyanathan. luring a na-mahram (people you can’t marry) is haram (prohibited). citizen of India is entitled to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India and can practise any profession or carry on any occupation. he founded the Commercial Employees Association. And this is what is taught in madrasas. Even after the formation of the linguistic States. Excluding the two from service. There is no such thing as “love jihad” in Islam. Rijo Thomas. Thus. States Re-organisation Commission (SRC) was formed to suggest the basis on which linguistic States could be formed. It is time the demand that sons of the soil alone be elevated to the higher judiciary was rejected as such demands do not find a place in the constitutional scheme of judicial appointments. But more importantly. Before examining the merits of those protests.A. Both the BJP and the SP will gain from the resultant polarisation. How safe are people who knowingly or unknowingly volunteer for trials in India? W T Flawed argument The Supreme Court collegium reduced the list — recommended by the Madras High Court collegium — by half. Later. leading to frustration among people. Thanks to its vote-bank politics and political interference. When a juvenile offender knows how to cause grievous harm and how to extinguish a life. the state cannot deny equality before law to any person. the ICMR is not the body that takes a call on introducing a vaccine in the immunisation programme. Kannada. don’t wear jeans. he recent nominations to the judgeship of the Madras High Court have created a lot of stir and noise in various quarters. The collegium of the Madras High Court (the acting Chief Justice and two senior most judges) recommended 15 names for appointment as judges of the court.1. Gujarat and Khammam. The fact that both Nadal and Serena have returned to such success after career-threatening injuries — the Spaniard earlier this year. a gold medallist in law from Madras University. The collusion of the agencies and the ministry turns the spotlight on the government’s intent in removing the obstacles for multinational drug companies to undertake human clinical trials. who subsequently got elevated to the Supreme Court. Evidently. Mukundarajan. wherein the regulator committed itself to “promote the drug [vaccine] for inclusion in the universal immunisation programme” well before the “utility and rationale” of inclusion was studied. he has been practising law in the Madras High Court. stating they were “outsiders” to the State (Tamil Nadu) and hence could not be appointed. Chandru is a former judge of the Madras High Court) is just not enough to deter young offenders. one advocate withdrew his consent. The BSP. they commit an offence (theft. Sampuran Singh Hora. Under Article 3. by entering into an agreement. We do not know who is right. In support of this argument. Rayalaseema and Hyderabad state were merged to become Andhra Pradesh. The outsider theory now being advanced is contrary to the Constitution of India. Hyderabad he reason special treatment is given to minors is that in most cases. Shanmuga Sundara Raman. New Delhi ndians killing Indians is indeed a matter of national shame. Since the objections were raised on two specific names. Subsequent to India’s Independence.N. According to Islam. and the like. He declared his mother tongue as Tamil in the documents submitted to the High Court. Who will take responsibility for the helpless and abandoned children who easily take to crimes? Have we taken enough measures to protect the young minds from getting corrupt and criminalised? In order to do proper justice to all sections of society. Doubles might not have the competitive depth singles has. Over 50 years ago. even before India’s Independence. Kozhikode he mahapanchayat was largely to blame for the communal disturbances. whether it is the government’s fault or politicians’ fault. Nadal had progressed from being a wrinkle in the argument that Roger Federer was the greatest male player of all time to being a contender for the honour himself. Mudgal Venkatesh. T Meerut BG-BG . there was protest by a section of the Delhi Bar in the late 1990s. choosing instead to abet the criminal acts of private companies and safeguard itself.). Even if the Sangh is blowing it out of proportion. 2013 A judgment in poor taste THURSDAY. not their age. Likewise. The DCGI. and the SP were equally responsible and this has been reported widely. The then Madras Presidency comprised areas in which Malayalam. In the matter of appointment of a High Court judge.” The Drug Controller General of India is equally culpable for being a mute spectator when clinical trial rules were “flagrantly violated. as well as the appointment of Justice Radhakrishnan. we should nip the evil in the bud.N. But to apply this logic to the Nirbhaya case is not correct. The Muzaffarnagar riots are another example of politically engineered communal violence. Delhi f you expect juveniles to be held accountable for their actions. tp T Chennai that extensive media coverage played a significant role in speeding up the proceedings in the two cases. in 2006. but this doesn’t detract from Paes’s achievement. The root cause of communal violence in U. T jo . it may be necessary to state that none of the protesters has objected to the system of appointment based on recommendations by the collegium. Only then will he understand the implications of the crime he has committed. as a student in Manchester. V. bs R V. A leader of a political party also joined issue stating that it was not the practice to appoint persons from other States as judges in this State. to join tennis’s pantheon.exoticablogs. There is also a need to restrict content and inflammatory material on the Internet. The said collegium. It was a fake video clip that led to rumours spreading like fire. L T Chennai handra Mohan Sharma is making hollow statements to cover up the Sangh’s role in inciting communal riots. Article 16(2) specifically bars discrimination based on place of birth or residence in the matter of public employments. Under Article 14. Actually it was R. Steffi Graf (22). was appointed to the Delhi High Court. is the inability of political parties to accommodate new aspirations of employment and education. S. it is necessary to find out if there is any truth in them. should also be handed the sentence awarded to the four convicted rapists when he attains majority. Thalha Hussain. We have a fundamental duty to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood.P. Evert and Navratilova (18 each) top the women’s. Saluting a triumphant trio afael Nadal and Serena Williams didn’t need to win the U. The oldest man to win a Grand Slam in the Open Era deserves his place among the finest doubles practitioners of all time. it has to fulfil the aspirations of all persons living in the two territories. Federer (17) and Pete Sampras (14) lead the men’s list while Margaret Court (24).com C Gulbarga he conviction of the gang rape accused has come close on the heels of a Bangalore court handing out a sentence in a gang rape case in a short time. The trivial punishment given to the juvenile A CM YK co m Simran Kaur. SEPTEMBER 12. Open final showed again that Serena is peerless in big matches. Sharma’s claim that out of 100 girls who elope. Awarding punishments as a deterrent should be the last resort.S. Even selection of district judges belonging to the State judiciary is pan-Indian. you must make sure they have been raised in a way that they are mature. In association with V. and his claim to being the greatest ever is as complete as it gets. had dominated the women’s tour. That said. it has jurisdiction over entire Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry. P.” It was not as if the BJP alone was responsible for the recent riots. the Constitution under Articles 29 & 30.86). was merged with Cochin and Travancore and is now called the Kerala state. Muralidhar.e xo F rom media reports. Krishnamani (hailing from Tamil Nadu) was denied judgeship of the Delhi High Court. Even earlier. completed their college education in Chennai and have been practising in the Madras High Court. the Chief Justice of India. the common man knows that it exists. Thiruvananthapurm he juvenile offender in the case. It has to be seen whether such assertions are sound. Partnering Radek Stepanek. t-shirt. S. Let us hope the legal procedure will be completed swiftly. Ultimately. the process will consume a lot of time. 11) is onesided. Prakash got his B. they have been a prominent part of it for some time now. S. Other things taught in madrasas: grow a beard. and the use of two Kashmiri folk instruments were the icing on the cake. advocate P. I still remember the Tamil verse “jaadhigal illayadi papa” (there are no castes) from a poem written by the revolutionary poet. The ministry has made a mockery of the trial subjects by choosing people with well-established conflicts of interest to be a part of the inquiry committee to look into the irregularities. During the process of consultation. In the event of the convicts getting the death penalty. Ravindra Bhat (hailing from Karnataka) was appointed. the American in 2011 — makes their accomplishments even more impressive. Programme for Appropriate Technology in Health. content and the freedom to swiftly It was politics manipulate it have been used by a gs . the first trade union for employees working in shops and commercial establishments. ht Love ‘jihad’ he report “Where Sangh spins narratives of victimhood. her victory over Victoria Azarenka in a rematch from last year’s U. will be forwarded to the President of India for issuing warrants of their appointments. our dreams get shattered. 95 are Hindus who go with Muslim men? And why did The Hindu publish the report on the front page? Tanzeem ul Hasan. Gross injustice When the two advocates were born and brought up in Chennai. (Justice K. thereby indicating that it had applied its mind to the names recommended. which led to her second Roland Garros crown earlier this year. etc. Therefore to talk about outsider or insider is a meaningless exercise. The BJP can consolidate the Jat votes in western U. Andhra Pradesh. Novak Djokovic and Andy Murray in a Golden Age of men’s tennis. T Moradabad T Nirbhaya verdict fast track court has delivered a landmark judgment within a short time in the Delhi gang rape and murder case. is familiar with the names recommended. police inaction. It is undeniable Ernakulam Panchkula he communal clashes were another instance in which the digital media was exploited for political gains. the ICMR abdicated its responsibilities of being a watchdog and instead became a “willing facilitator [that] acted at the behest of PATH in promoting the interests of the [vaccine] manufacturer. there is the mercy petition which will ensure that the implementation of the sentence is delayed. who hails from Tamil Nadu. But what Nadal’s second U. digital T T part from being a product of society.N. protected cultural and educational rights of linguistic minorities. Ehsaas-e-Kashmir.1984). Roy Emerson being the other — to win each major at least twice.

the government of Jammu and Kashmir loudly restated an earlier claim for ‘compensation. T Thiruvananthapuram BG-BG . a policy architecture needs to be designed that allows and enables economic and environmental ‘transactions’ within the Indus system. with diversions for agriculture and industry and reservoirs holding back volumes for power generation. Only a few recent studies (such as A. instead of the 400 million tonnes of nutrient rich fine grained soil that used to annually nourish the delta. The so-called saviours of Hinduism play dirty politics. rather than stoking a politics of compensation based on narrower or opportunistic readings of the IWT’s many clauses and annexures. What does one make of this simultaneous failing and success of the IWT in the headreaches and tail ends respectively of the Indus system? And equally. School of Social Sciences. Irrespective of the nature of the latrines. Is not his own book of alphabets confined to only one letter. Khurana. As a consequence. Over the years. The determination of the Centre and the States to rid India of manual scavenging can be gauged only from the results achieved on the ground. the IWT. even a small step forward can appear as a lot. It is a reality we 1947 story and the recent need to confront. if any. we will not be able to live in peace. the government cannot afford to remain a mute spectator. 2007) have taken note of the potentially disastrous implications from dying fisheries. Unless the nation wakes up. Their private decision-making should not decide the fate of India’s forests and the millions who depend on it for survival. belligerence” (Sept.8 MAF (43 billion m3). Advani think Mr. no matter how stringent the penal provisions for the employers. Verily. sharing agreements or cooperation models. T Sholavandan he poor and illiterate fall prey to the corrupt interests of big pharma companies. The VHP leader’s claim that 95http://jobs. M Hisar ongress leader Manish Tewari has found two alphabets ‘F’ (for fake encounter) and ‘G’ (for genocide) to retaliate to Mr. Jammu and Kashmir is.000 megawatts from the rivers and many cascading tributaries that run through its valleys and hills. The way forward is to harness new knowledge on river ecology. as well. According to one such estimate. Without rehabilitation of those engaged in this dehumanising labour. the treaty and its weighty technical arrangements have to be moved beyond the zero sum logics of dividing waters. I have been going through literature on Partition. Lust for political power has made all parties keep the embers of communal fire burning. ‘Love jihad’ is a hate campaign sponsored by the sangh parivar. Modi as the party’s prime ministerial candidate. de-centre the civil engineering mindset and craft fresh decision-making collectives that draw upon cultures and traditions of river management in the region. paradoxically enough. but as one of dealing with human waste. Thus. a case could be made to pay-off sections in the head reaches either through the transfer of hydro-electricity or commensurate financial packages. and not from the nature of the laws passed in Parliament. has not only held and endured wars but arguably. The Modi issue will tilt the balance in favour of the party or against it. Md Imran Ahmed. this is an escape clause for local and railway authorities to continue to deploy workers in manual scavenging. Murli Manohar Joshi. in the States. I am amazed and shocked rumour fuelled by the sangh is at the similarity of events in the to deny the truth. Advani’s continued reluctance to name Mr. mangrove destruction and an increase in sea water ingress into the coastal regions. later. The Supreme Court has now asked the Centre and the States to provide a detailed list of manual scavengers who have been rehabilitated so far. His stance can damage the party’s prospects of winning the 2014 Lok Sabha election. Put differently. The CAG has recorded the arbitrariness in the deployment of funds by the Union government. Modi the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate. The compensatory afforestation mechanism instituted to balance the devastating loss of natural forests has failed abysmally. Tarique Anwar. what does one make of the environmental mess that has come to afflict the Indus delta? Historically. Well educated Hindu girls marry Muslim boys and Muslim girls marry Hindu men. The ‘jihad’ the VHP leader is talking about is against the teachings in madrasas.6. in fact. Excellent case for reward Put differently. But if the IWT appears to be failing the people of J&K who. The model of development. only 23. Today. totalling around Rs 30. M . By doing Coimbatore New Delhi I T he report is bound to excite sensitive people in U.. I am re-reading Bhisham Sahni’s aying that ‘love jihad’ is a Tamas. Signed in 1960 between India and Pakistan. India appears to have at least acknowledged the continued existence of manual scavenging. constructed not only by the context of the IWT but. People are not naïve to believe dirty stories floated by the sangh parivar. And if the BJP gives in to Mr. Manual scavenging will continue so long as there are men and women poor and helpless enough to take it up. Modi’s. Chennai t is quite interesting to see some BJP leaders ignoring Mr. politically impatient and is compelled to tap rivers for hydropower. Such an approach does not work well. managing the IWT has been kept confined to the limited knowledge resources generated by a thin sliver of civil engineers. the way ahead would be to craft a credible ecologically based cost benefit model that acknowledges the Indus rivers as an organic hydraulic system: made up of fluvial interconnections. as all governments have learnt. In effect. Local bodies trying to clear blocked sewer lines or the railways trying to clean soiled tracks at stations and toilets in trains have done little to introduce mechanisation. are indeed a zero sum game: in which a benefit extracted from one point of the river’s stem will inevitably involve a cost at another point in the flow. the government of J&K could make an excellent case for being ‘rewarded’ for preserving its rivers for their potential eco-system services enjoyed by downstream users rather than having to claim compensation for presumed ‘lost’ development benefits. Modi the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate is the personal choice of the party. Jawaharlal Nehru University.K. Bhopal :// tp r. judicial scrutiny and oversight did not result in an effective regime to either reduce deforestation or to green alternative lands. Existing river development models. B for Bofors. The law is a vast improvement on the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act of 1993. The CAG’s report is proof that India’s environmental health has been in free fall since the dawn of economic reforms. In effect. Amjad et al.600 MW.P. inhabit the head-reaches of the Indus system.’ what were the killings of Sikhs in 1984? As for fake encounters. Given the scale of the CAG’s findings. including within government-run bodies. geographically speaking. In fact in 2000-01. it is for people to quick-tempered. Actually. This time the focus is equally on rehabilitation of manual scavengers as on prohibition of the practice and punishment of the employers. FRIDAY. as they dramatically point out. and questioned today. they may split the BJP. with barely 20 MAF reaching the mangroves. I was astonished Muzaffarnagar disturbances. Modi’s ABCD jibe.V. The funds collected for transfer of forest land. Multinational firms involved in manufacturing drugs and vaccines exploit people’s ignorance and crippling poverty. gs . 11).exoticablogs. (Rohan D’Souza is Assistant Professor. energy-deficit and according to the latest Economic Survey (2012-13). Thus. not accounted for or badly managed. 11) is hardly amusing. But the campaign was carried on for over a year. Chennai ABCD jibe r. funds allotted for their rehabilitation have been mostly unspent. The dormant Babri Masjid demolition case will be dusted up. given the fact that ‘potentially’ it can generate 20. Vydhianathan. Rao. Thirugnanasambantham. Modi’s ‘ABCD’ attack on the Congress (“A for Adarsh scam. it has become an excuse to shun responsibility. The new law recognises the problem as not just one of dry latrines. PATH and other Indian agencies should be made liable for the violation of moral principles while conducting trials of Human Papilloma Virus on innocent people who registered themselves without having adequate knowledge of the drug and its after-effects. With the possible exception of designated protected areas. At heart remains the sub-continent’s unsolved riddle of trying to ‘meaningfully share’ its many trans-boundary rivers. offers one of the most substantial set of protocols for addressing disputes and disagreements that may arise over water sharing. ‘Degradation of Indus Delta Mangroves…’ International Journal of Geology.com out of 100 girls who elope T Hyderabad he violence clearly points to a planned game played by some vested interests for polarising the vote in the coming election. In case a decision is forced on them. it found projects continued to use forests in violation of regulations and conditions laid down while securing clearances.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. J&K purchases around 1. if the head reaches or catchments of the Indus system are recognised for the range of ecosystem services that they deliver lower down the system then the latter must be expected to be conserved as a viable environmental entity. J&K suffers an annual loss of Rs. M Claim for ‘compensation’ In April of this year. and elsewhere. Secondly. Advani’s time is past and his leadership is not as inspiring or motivating as Mr. The Supreme Court’s Central Empowered Committee (CEC) stepped in where governments failed and set up a framework for monetisation of forests. Instead. 12). A paragraph in the story has The Hindu’s decision to publish it the Deputy Commissioner Richard on page one (Sept. SEPTEMBER 13. The sangh forces are adopting communal tactics to destroy the unity of India. 12). hence for the catchment. The current legislation sees protective gear and safety precautions for the workers as an alternative to mechanisation. in fact. 2013 Rohan D’Souza Get serious A Modi & Advani N bs Protecting forest lands he report of the Comptroller and Auditor General underscoring the blatant violation of conservation laws and Supreme Court orders in the diversion of forests for destructive nonforestry use confirms what former Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh said about the system: it’s a bit of a joke. C tic ab lo CARTOONSCAPE are Hindus is nothing but fertile imagination. Lucknow Distressing his refers to the editorial “Collusion of the worst kind” (Sept. the flow downstream of Kotri (Sindh Province) was recorded as an unprecedented ‘nil’. those using protective gear and devices as may be notified by the Central government would not come under the definition of a “manual scavenger”. Among the major findings of the CAG are the nonreceipt of nearly 73 per cent of lands earmarked for reforestation. I commend telling his wife the reason for the the newspaper for carrying the communal riots: “All Indians are report. New Delhi his is in response to a letter that says “love jihad” exists in Kerala and Karnataka (Sept. says Modi. By allowing such kinds of ecologically calculated cost-benefit transactions across the Indus system. Modi has himself said he has a mandate to serve the people of Gujarat till 2017. fresh water flows have been steadily slurped off in the flood plains. ironically enough for J&K. have been misused. Does Mr.600 crore annually on meeting its growing demand which peaked at 2.22 per cent of the required power was generated within the State while the rest had to be imported. it could be persuasively argued. how will this perplexing developmental and environmental conundrum impact future India-Pakistan dialogue and the peace process in the region? This riddle. and others see themselves sidelined. Environment and Forests is in the concurrent list of the Constitution. which saw no conviction in its 20-year history despite the widespread prevalence of the abominable practice. They know nothing about Islam and Hinduism. Over the past 60 years or so.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs.” Sept. S. Narasimhan.co. Instead. monitoring of forests and projects that use forest land has all but collapsed. Their reluctance is preventing the BJP parliamentary board from declaring Mr. Under the circumstances. A comprehensive reform of the monitoring mechanism is needed to ensure democracy and transparency. significantly as well. With Parliament passing the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill. the estimated total water available from the Indus catchments has been calculated at being approximately 150 Million Acre Feet (MAF) (181 billion m3). and in the judiciary. A. can one forget the encounter death of Rajan in Kerala during the Congress rule. Another improvement in the current legislation is the acknowledgment that local and railway authorities have been employers of manual scavengers. Sethu Ramaswamy. Sushma Swaraj. Parthasarathy. has been. aided by experts and officers sitting behind closed doors at the Centre. Girls are mature enough to decide whom to love and marry. a calculation based on the perceived benefits that are denied to the State from clauses in the IWT that prevent the former from storing water (for generating electricity) and from emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. Yogeshwar Davar. The mistrust between the majority and the minorities refuses to go away. however. For the purposes of the Act. In more than 1.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. uch of South Asia is now haunted by the spectre of hydro-electricity. They fly at one decide whether love jihad is a another’s throat in the name of blatant lie promoted by the sangh religion …” Sixty and more years or an organised game plan. if the IWT is to be saved from a political cul de sac. A Simi Rafeeq. it stands to lose face and a forceful leader who can turn things around for the party. coastal erosion. T T M Mahe he report on love jihad was disturbing. diverting flows for irrigational needs. The Union government as well as the States have played an active role in this decline. which take advantage of people’s need for medical help to make maximum profits from new drugs. One reason the stringent provisions of the earlier law did not take effect was that the main violators of the law included government authorities.e xo fter long years of inaction. Of course. 3. J&K‘s hydro-electricity dilemmas have turned into a hard rock that the State government is now continually hurling against the IWT and battering the delicate water sharing agreement between India and Pakistan. The propagandist myth of “love jihad” is a bubble that burst in Kerala as far back as January 2012. I am sure there is no proof to substantiate the claim. the overwhelming fact remains that every country in the region is energy starved. manual scavenging will find ways to hide from the law. and failure to assess and levy stiff penalties on defaulting companies to whom forest wealth was handed over.J. which has even gone on to hire the services of a private consultancy firm — M/S Halcrow India Limited — and tasked it to assess losses that have ostensibly been incurred by the State in the past five decades on account of the IWT. Modi the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate is surprising. India has become a fertile ground for drug trials. Advani’s opinion and batting for Mr.P. Disastrous implications The long-term consequences of this water and soil squeeze on the delta are yet to be fully understood as an environmental phenomena. A Chennai Hate campaign his refers to the article “Where Sangh spins narratives of victimhood. is the Indus Water Treaty (IWT). the quantity of sweet water flows has been reduced below Kotri (in Sindh Province) to a peak (in the three monsoon months) of about 34. Advani. one wonders why Mr. SEPTEMBER 13. this even before spelling out the election strategy and alliance. This was meant to make the States and the Centre co-trustees of natural resources. As of now. Advani is reluctant to give his consent. it is a fake video clip thing as love jihad. K. ‘C. Is the Gujarat Chief Minister losing hope of becoming the next Prime Minister? A. his past will come back to haunt him. Abdul Razack. poor work outcomes. Given the grave risk to human life emanating from unregulated and unsafe drug trials. Modi’s supporters. s part of my research. Chennai S T Sanchi Singh. S. Leaders like L. Jeyaram. It is time people from both the communities rose above the religious divide and worked for amity. New Delhi) genuine religious leaders assumes special significance. R. This. But clearly this curriculum vitae of the IWT has failed to impress the J&K government.000 crore. They should calm down the aggressive elements and allay their fears stemming from rumours making rounds in the affected areas. Importantly as well. are jointly usurping the forest commons. a large portion of which then hurtled as fresh water flows into the sprawling edges of mangroves and estuarine ecologies of the delta. M. Modi cannot govern secular India? Mr.400 MW of power from the northern grid and spends Rs. The consensus over the IWT. Right now. 2013 Time to bridge this river divide The Indus Water Treaty must move beyond its logic of compensation and water sharing between India and Pakistan to address the energy and ecological concerns of Jammu & Kashmir FRIDAY. Ernakulam Perundurai r. market forces. Even the present legislation would not have come about without the intervention of the judiciary. there is now barely a 100 million or so tonnes of soil washing up along the coasts. they are sending out a clear message that the BJP will set the terms of a poll alliance. if the head waters need to be preserved to sustain ecological functions within the flood plains and the delta. But what was meant to ration the use of forest land has only served to justify its usurpation. For all the careful wording that has gone into framing water treaties. we haven’t changed a bit. If it to see a response in the letters was mischief using a slaughtered column which said there is no such pig then. If the 2002 killings were ‘genocide. Centre for Studies in Science Policy. by the peculiarities of the ‘knowledge regime’ that has largely informed trans-boundary river management in the subcontinent. Geethu Issac.’ which stands for corporates? Favours worth billions granted to corporates far outweigh the ‘ABCD’ scam of the Congress. rather than treating the river system as an organic entity that was ecologically linked and environmentally viable only as a connected phenomena. it would be reasonable to call for a moratorium on projects involving diversion of forests. 12).exoticablogs. It is time we adopted tougher measures. manual scavengers have to work in extremely unhygienic conditions that put their health at serious risk. And the source of this twinned nature of J&K’s grief. There was an official investigation into the matter and the police came up with nothing. If the senior BJP leader is projected as his party’s prime ministerial candidate. he Muzaffarnagar disturbances have proved that the ghosts of Partition continue to haunt us. The IWT was too simplistically (though perhaps appealing in its time) based on an engineering formula which ‘divided’ the Indus rivers (Western streams to Pakistan and Eastern branches to India). as well. Khan.’ This demand for financial reimbursement was made not only upon the government of India but in an equally emphatic tone on Pakistan as well. as far as J&K’s energy crisis is concerned and from a potential environmental collapse in the delta.000 crore. R. the States and the CEC. continues to be celebrated as a diplomatic-legal-technical success story in the region. India and Pakistan can turn volatile environmental limits into both economic opportunity and political possibility. Zayan Asif M. would be recognised as involving different priorities than the flood plains and the delta. state managers and ideas borne out of diplomatic intrigue. the role of T CM YK co m Azhar A.000 cases that the CAG test-checked. Similarly. Nothing’s changed ht Bangalore lthough naming Mr. the brutality of which is still fresh in the minds of those who lived during the period? Are fake encounters unique to Modi-ruled Gujarat? People living in glass houses better be wary of throwing stones at others. and the government. jo T arendra Modi’s supporters are determined to ensure that he is nominated as the BJP’s candidate for Prime Minister as they are convinced that he alone can bring the party to power or closest to power.

It led to riots in the capital. In meting out the hangman’s justice — as opposed to putting the four away for life — the Sessions Court has regrettably missed an opportunity to turn the discourse away from retributive punishment to constructive dialogue on policing and legal reforms. A. Ravindran. a trade surplus. the biggest concern is its own future under Mr. In India.X. this is a shockingly disastrous set of objectives to be setting. high GDP growth and. having been found guilty before a court of law after expeditious trial. the annual report of the U. the banking system emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu. Modi’s leadership. harmful practice. S. we lost the opportunity. nor did Argentina in 2001. common people must take an active interest in making the law a success. as a civilised modern society. T K. Choudhury. Modi’s appointment as democracy at its vibrant best. is the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate for the 2014 election. Srinivasa Sarma. and its elites showed little interest in attending to the proliferation of sexual violence. Indonesia had a budget surplus. not to mention Mr. etc. Advani. Educational qualifications. C. Well done Srirangam http://jobs. becomes insolvent and the taxpayer is left to pick up the pieces in a shattered economy. financial crisis. D only too willing to obey the aadesh. Modi eath for the four accused in the gang rape and murder of a 23-year-old in Delhi is a step towards deterring brutal assault on women. The party will pay a heavy price for ignoring senior leaders who have worked for its development. The government should educate people on the Payyanur Chennai Modi’s anointment hat was a matter of speculation is now official. But the sheer savagery of the act jolted the United States at a time the country was getting wealthier. Ch. It is heartening to learn that manual scavenging will soon come to an end.S. People and the BJP want a young. Rajan for seeking to institute the very same ‘light touch’ regulation even as regulators in the U. Modi’s appointment as the BJP’s campaign committee chief was a precursor to him getting the larger role. T T he cacophony over immediately anointing Mr. Narayanan. as does Mr. the laws dealing with sexual crimes have been strengthened. it is time to fundamentally re-think our approach to finance. Mr. Rakesh Bharti. when in fact the ground work would have been done by Shivraj Singh Chouhan and Raman Singh. by infrastructure bottlenecks and most importantly by our education system. let us not forget that thousands of women have been waiting for justice for years. Tough as it may be to find a solution to this grave problem. M tic Condemnable hat Congress leader Sonia Gandhi was served a summons by ‘Sikhs for Justice’ in a hospital in New York —where she has gone for a medical check-up — following the order of Federal Judge Brian M. the reason why the RSS wanted him named the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate in the first place. nor did the East Asian crisis in 1997-98 which soon pulled in Russia. not force. Men will henceforth stop presuming that the victim will not report the case. Corporations must be made accountable and prosecuted for their failure to eliminate manual scavenging.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. we. including the juvenile offender. and around the world are scratching their heads trying to figure out how to get back to a position India is currently in right now. ethnic diversity. this is not an argument against markets. Inevitably. But the party has been spoilt by one angry warhorse who refused to attend the parliamentary board meeting and instead circulated a tartly worded letter of dissent. Besides the government. nor is it an argument against finance. John. Although no one can deny that hundreds were killed during the 1984 riots and our country is yet to punish the guilty. bold and dynamic person at the helm. we need to stop believing the myth that a more developed economy requires an intensification of financial industry products and gimmicks. All the other supposed productivity or innovation is actually just smoke and mirrors which either redistributes gains and losses within finance (to no benefit to the rest of us) or is parasitic on the rest of the real economy. bs Aided democracy he December 16 horror was not just any rape case.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs. 2013 Clinging to a discredited dogma The new RBI governor should be wary of replicating the Anglophone model which has spread so much devastation across the world SATURDAY. Indonesia’s GDP growth was -18% (yes. T. especially among the underclass and the marginalised in society. In the interim. The new law can achieve its purpose only when the local administration implements it. giving the impression that he would prefer the political oblivion which now surely awaits him to accepting Mr.K. SATURDAY. Cogan. Modi as its prime ministerial candidate. Lakhimpur hrough the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act. something which those safely ensconced in Delhi have been hitherto unwilling to do. All political parties should oppose this move of the U. The reality is that our true economic prospects are determined on the supply side.S. 12). There is no question we have come a full circle since the gruesome act of rape and murder in December last year shook us to the bone: justice has been done. and polarise the nation on religious lines for electoral gains. R ‘Casino banking’ To be clear.M. It soon runs out of productive outlets for its debt and ends up creating a real estate bubble instead. The government should ensure that it does not become just another law like the 1993 Act. the demand has become vocal among a majority of young advocates who seem to have trouble presenting their submission in English. Advani’s opposition to his own protégé does not speak well of the senior statesman. for the existing party leadership. it reflects society’s thirst for revenge. ab lo T Hyderabad gs . Modi’s coronation will give the UPA the much-needed ammunition. RSS will openly set the aggressive The verdict Hindutva agenda with Mr. New Delhi he clamour for death penalty for heinous crimes is understandable. Marx.A. Anantha Padmanabhan. and ultimately the overthrow of the government and a political revolution. Sampath. the mission wasn’t easily achieved. the bubble bursts.exoticablogs. The new law is aimed at not only protecting people from being employed as manual scavengers but also seeks to punish the employers. It is indeed important to ensure that Syria does not become another Iraq. Indonesian example Indonesia in 1997-98 should serve as a cautionary example to India because of its similar size. Given recent global economic and financial history. The treatment meted out to Mr. And yet for all the Sangh’s seeming authority.S. More fast track courts for rape cases are the need of the hour. poster boy of Hindutva forces. even alacrity. But the clamour is not just a yearning for speedy justice. Delhi and Chhattisgarh. But the problem cannot be solved just by punishing the employers. the B W y reposing faith in a deeply polarising figure like Mr. (The writer has worked for Morgan Stanley and Citigroup in London and is now based in Delhi) (Sept. r. I I tp anual scavenging is a gross violation of the right to live with dignity. held five years earlier. Rajan’s seeming refusal to do so does not augur well for the stability of our financial markets and economy.S. Yet this is the road we have been glibly going down. L. since most of the six men initially charged with raping her were either acquitted or served just a few years in prison. and we have had. Ms Gandhi is an Indian citizen and she needs to be respected and protected. who has so far shown himself to be unaccommodating of the smallest dissent. Cheryl Araujo.e xo n 1988. Secondly. 13) is a good initiative to root out the twin menace of insanitary latrine and manual scavenging. Modi’s ascendancy within the parivar. an economy overly dependent on real estate and construction.S.K. Jakarta. The second is for justice.G. and therefore technically the BJP’s shadow Prime Minister. Advani and the pressure on other senior leaders to toe the line of the Modi supporters do not auger well for the party. But amid these progressive efforts. U. From a banking perspective. Umanath. as an “exceptional” country. S. Prior to the collapse of Lehman. The court verdict is welcome. It was an open secret that Mr. rising inequality amidst a growth slow-down and. There was also a huge upsurge in secessionist violence in Aceh (where thousands died) and ethnic cleansing and ultimately independence for East Timor. Ms Swaraj is the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha. He intends to open up the capital account and replicate the United States financial system in India with all its bells and whistles. thrown out naked and bleeding. that there is no stopping Mr. however. All these of course were labelled as crises of ‘crony capitalism’ as the ‘natives in their grass skirts’ didn’t know how to run a financial system. do not justify savagery by the state in the name of justice. S. But the agony is. it was a well planned and orchestrated move by the pro-Modi group to scuttle any possible challenge to him. Rajan seems hell-bent on replicating in India. M Machilipatnam Judges’ selection ustice K. Kochi Bhubaneswar don’t understand the BJP’s haste in naming Mr. reverse the trial court’s judgment and sentence all four convicts in the case to an actual lifetime in prison. Which is why they wanted his promotion to the next level not to happen until after the November 2013 elections to the State Assemblies of Madhya Pradesh. pierced with an iron rod. Latin America’s assorted tequila crises apparently didn’t happen. Rushikesh Reddy M :// Kozhikode New Delhi espite unrelenting efforts by voluntary organisations and laws to eradicate the practice. But understanding the supply side requires our policymakers and commentariat to roll up their sleeves and get their hands dirty. Rajasthan. left to die on the wayside. Instead they prefer trotting out the same tired old airy prognostications about aggregate demand and macro imbalances which are invariably ex-poste rationalisations rather than accurate ex-ante analysis. It is a clear violation of the right to life with dignity. death to sexual offenders is not the answer. we need to stop believing the myth that central bank governors can ‘fine tune’ an economy by waving their interest rate magic wand. we are bizarrely lauding Mr. her journey all but comes to an end. As early as 2007. shame and guilt. Paramount Pictures released a powerful. Raipur jo N arendra Modi’s elevation to prime ministerial nominee of the Bharatiya Janata Party was a story foretold given that the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh would have it no other way. K. Modi’s leadership. Modi. But then Lehman Bros. Modi. She knows. Mr. He should make way for younger leadership. The Indian economy has all the hallmarks of one afflicted with the Anglophone disease — a current account deficit caused by too much domestic debt issuance (the media focus on exports and imports and the exchange rate is superficially misleading). the gang rape case was truly fast tracked without compromising on sound legal procedures. Rajmohan. the BJP has done incalculable harm to secularism. Modi the candidate till the conclusion of the Assembly elections. Modi doesn’t appear to have been spontaneous. We need to stop believing two myths. How are we going to convince ourselves that this was a criminal act among the “rarest of the rare” when several instances of rape and murder of varying brutality have been reported since December 2012? To hang rapists and suggest they are “exceptional” anti-social elements goes against every effort to spread the message that rape is only too commonplace in India. J Madurai BG-BG . Mr. As manual scavenging is an offshoot of untouchability. This is also a reason behind the opposition to judges from other States. one could easily be forgiven for thinking that the last 15 years of global financial and economic history simply didn’t happen. The move can backfire. while sparing us the travesty of justice that was the Araujo trial.co. They should be trained for other livelihood options. 1993. that’s minus!). the 2012 Delhi gang rape case has served this purpose. There is no doubt that the Gujarat Chief Minister enjoys huge cadre support. SEPTEMBER 14. which had no impact. The veteran resisted the inevitable exactly as he had done at the June 2013 Goa national executive meet where part-I of Project Modi was put in place. he will not so much be setting out policy but dogma.V. with all the accused. and point to the dangers of being seen as “exceptional. We need finance to provide as much credit as possible to every productive nook and cranny of the Indian economy in much the same way as banks in America financed a massive increase in output after World War II and as the German banking system continues to fund its mittelstand of small and medium enterprises. While taking comfort from the fact that the trial was completed in nine months. From now on. Rajan would do so even as the Indian economy is being buffeted by the vagaries of the global financial system is noteworthy. persons or institutions that employ manual scavengers should be booked under the SC. given subsidy and concessional loans. Bikash Choudhury.com R ussian President Vladimir Putin’s appeal to Americans CM YK co m Anantapur aghuram Rajan’s opening statement on taking office as governor of Reserve Bank of India left no room for doubt. by virtually every measure.M. lifting human excreta with hands is still a reality in our nation. There is simply no getting away from the fact that the Anglophone model of running a financial system is broken. Modi himself had to be content with seeking Lal Krishna Advani’s blessings after the event. Mr. Hyderabad r.S. Handing down death to the Delhi gang rape accused is not likely to reduce the incidence of sexual crimes in India. It is the responsibility of seniors to encourage and guide youngsters to ensure that the organisation survives forever.N.” He has reiterated what Abraham Lincoln said: all are equal. Advani should honour his party’s mood and support Mr. Advani did not ask the party to declare him the prime ministerial candidate. Herein lies the real danger.exoticablogs. Military victories have always proved to be ephemeral. in a mood of revenge. In fact. Bhanamma Aravinda Bai. is shocking. was in the pink of economic health before its financial crisis in mid-1997. moving courtroom drama based on the trial. If BJP chief Rajnath Singh was hard put to deliver the deal despite spending the better part of two days hopping from one sulking leader to another. Are we going to demand the same alacrity in all such heinous crimes against women and children? How about justice for those raped by state actors? A. We’ve seen this happen time and again from Japan in 1989 (from which it has still not managed to extricate itself) to all the crises mentioned above and many more which haven’t. Times are changing and countries relying on military power should realise that only a humane approach. Sadly.” went the movie’s tagline. The new law has come at the right time. Modi. Srikanth. A BJP victory in these States would unavoidably be attributed to Mr. a robust national conversation on ways to tackle India’s alarming rates of rape and sexual assault. collective pain. Modi can act as a polarising force which will be detrimental to the party's prospects. The party has overruled its tallest leader’s objections on the timing of the announcement. policymakers should stop boasting and glorifying their might and see fellow beings as equal. That call for justice was never fully answered in Araujo’s case. can find a lasting solution to conflicts. It suggests that as governor. At least in America there is a degree of awareness that the system is in large part broken which is why it’s presumed new central bank governor Larry Summers is being publicly hauled over the coals for his role in maintaining ‘light touch’ regulation in the run-up to the U. Narendra Modi. T Puducherry J. the government tried to bring the deplorable practice to an end but failed. S. Appellate courts must now swiftly intervene. What we don’t need. the party has played into the hands of the Opposition by announcing his name. the Sessions Court’s decision to hang all four adult accused to death marks a step back — since it will have the effect of substituting the need for greater social. The 23-year-old’s case could have been a historic moment for our justice system to show the world that however painful a situation.” Sept. SEPTEMBER 14. Before too long the financial industry starts to run amok. The senior leader knows that Mr. most importantly. went bankrupt and we soon saw that the U. It’s the same movie with the same ending.” The Anglophone model is based on increased debt creation and financial intensification both of which are facilitated by ‘light touch’ regulation. It is a measure of the misgivings within the BJP that this clear signal did not ensure automatic cooperation from party seniors such as Sushma Swaraj and Murli Manohar Joshi. all we need is an efficient payments system and an equally efficient credit delivery system. Advani who till the end refused to budge. the move by the radical rights group is condemnable. experience and merit alone should be considered for the selection of judges. That Mr. the Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh run highly rated governments. The implementation of the law should include rehabilitation of manual scavengers. crises in emerging markets were blamed on ‘crony capitalism’ and other such supposed cultural defects. Purna Borah. Bangalore N ew water replacing old water is the rule of nature and the same applies to an organisation. ST Prevention of Atrocities Act. Mr. for the brutal gang rape of an American woman. Chandru has rightly argued that differences based on nativity should not enter the judiciary (“A judgment in poor taste. is the ‘casino banking’ which was developed first in the Anglophone countries in the early 1980s and has since spread around the world causing so much devastation in its wake and which Mr. Afghanistan or Libya. Reading our English-language press over the last few weeks. New Delhi Avadhoot Gorakhanath Shinde. Putin has done well to disagree with Barack Obama’s reference to the U. However. legal and even political efforts to tackle the epidemic of crimes against women with the false comfort of retribution. “the entire intellectual edifice has collapsed. Advani built the party from scratch and should not be seen as the destroyer of his own legacy. The young woman was repeatedly raped in a running bus with windows closed. The BJP has tried to project the deep differences over Mr. The feeble link between the death penalty and its purported aim of deterrence should serve caution to the many among us who have welcomed the Sessions Court sentence with comfort. For people in India. Finance is only the distributive agent and deserves nowhere near the outsized rewards it has been awarding itself.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. “The first scream was for help. an economic governing class which has run out of ideas. Firstly. Modi as presumptive Prime Minister. Now that the rogue elephant that is the global financial system has devastated all the ‘advanced’ economies as well. Thanks to the monumental outpourings since December. Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination expressed serious concern over the deplorable conditions of manual scavengers in India. The year after that. Mr. relatively low inflation. and more so because she and the Gujarat Chief Minister are of the same vintage.” Sept. I am not against the use of Tamil (regional language) in the Madras High Court at Chennai and its Bench at Madurai. Brazil and Turkey. These are not just old BJP strongholds. 2013 David Pais Crimes death can’t wish away I Barkha Tamrakar. D Welcome initiative he Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Bill passed by Parliament (“Get serious. By clinging to the thoroughly discredited dogma that “arm’s length” financial markets always know best. and other ‘advanced’ economy emperors whom we previously believed to be fully clothed in their pinstripe suits were actually stark naked and didn’t know how to run a financial system either. ht t has been proved time and again that the death penalty is no deterrent. Rajan risks putting the RBI on the wrong side of economic history. and continue to have. 13) needs to be read with attention as the points raised by him are relevant. Removing night soil has remained a hereditary and caste-based practice for long. T . As former Fed chairman Greenspan admitted in a rare moment of unguarded honesty. He only advised his party not to be in a hurry to declare Mr. With Mr. This was not merely the “rarest of the rare” but the “cruellest of cruel” cases of rape and murder. an inability to fund the current account as foreign inflows prove fickle. by cartels operating at sabzi mandis.

in which 13 death sentences were validated. represent a stunning victory for Russian President Vladimir Putin. They can live a new life. the while for others the law reverts to deterconverse has been shown to be true.Bachan Singh v. Should we stop putting thieves behind bars? Punishment should match the severity. Sushma Swaraj. projecting himself as a development icon.S. W Delhi Homosexuality O ne wonders why homosexuals need to celebrate the milestone of “coming out. its application in the “rarest of rare cases”— as mandated by the Supreme Court — speaks to a larger. it will now exploit any claim of Syria’s non-compliance to initiate a military strike. This attitude of careful management has also paid off with other NASA missions. Hang the murderers and the rapists and we will deter all future crime. These remarkable developments. Justice Krishna Iyer’s concern.” If has. unproven. WHO will soon make a law whereby the death sentence will disappear from the earth. perfectly legal as it may be under India’s laws. That this debate is still alive in India. mothers. a mockery. the court has considered it fit to withdraw “the protective arm of the community” around the convicts. we see it used as the theoretical basis for the punishment of some offences. was in deference to the feelings of the party cadre. would have no restraining motive.in determining which were the “rarest of taking precision. he was providstatute that “no argument that has been ing a rationale for why the death penalty was brought to our notice has satisfied us that it restricted only to murder and the highest would be desirable wholly to dispense with offences against the state. Tirunelveli Patna CM YK co m T S. 14). via an op-ed in the New York Times to “stop using the language of force and return to the path of [.” he wrote.exoticablogs. speaks to an even broader problem: an underlying incoherence in the country’s penology. And two. underlying incoherence in India’s penology. Equally.” In 1982. We are simple people who cry even if an actor cries in a movie. And in so upholding its for some offences (viz. Its purpose is to assuage the feelings of verdict unfortunate victims — a compensation. Syria’s accession to the CWC leaves Israel and Egypt. The “rarest of rare cases” doctrine in his power to add murder to his guilt.” Sept. the BJP has taken an unwise decision.B. the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. It would only be fair to make the convicts toil hard and send their remuneration to the dependents of the unfortunate victim. retaining capital punishment sounds a virtual death knell to the Constitution. social and environmental factors. I Ratna Thakur. Kanpur he editorial was timely and appropriate. the offender. but will insist on a tight draft that eschews the use of force against Assad’s regime. Kochi New Delhi he essay should create a dent in our collective conscience. On the other. the matter that exists between stars in the universe. Modi will never regret the killing of Muslims in the 2002 riots. In fact. who reason murder was punishable with death. her family and friend. State of Punjab. as if playing on their confusion. upheld the constitutionality of Section 302 of the IPC. that the objectives of punishment were dual: to deter the future commission of crimes. Paridhi Gupta. I fail to understand the expression of joy on their conviction. Even Imperial Britain has abolished it. and a parallel narrative about the socioeconomic realities of our rapidly changing society (“Life. Some argue that capital punishment should be abolished because it has not helped to reduce crimes.ty be accorded only in the “rarest of rare dian Penal Code 1860. Those who built and now operate them. you might be inclined to ask. Russia has sought to push the Syrian deal as a precursor to a “WMD-free Middle East”. 2012. and what do they deserve but death. the space age was only two decades old. overruling the reservations voiced by veteran leader L.exoticablogs. therefore. they are young enough to be spared. at best. Modi helps the BJP win 200 seats in 2014 but doesn’t get the acceptance of his coalition partners to lead? Will the party and the RSS choose another candidate as Prime Minister? Kolkata ithholding the announcement of the most popular BJP leader as the prime ministerial candidate was more like cushioning the inevitable. which the death penalty decidedly did not achieve. There is no need for “approval” from a third party for one’s sexual preference. wrote in his notes to the rare cases. It will be a travesty of justice if the law spares another perpetrator who will walk free soon only because he was a juvenile while committing the offence. T jo Mysore tp B rutal crimes like rape and murder may have become common and may not be among the “rarest of the rare” (“Crimes death can’t wish away. fully transformed. I hope the BJP workers and leaders will keep this reality in mind.” The Court referenced Macaulay. and the direction of the magnetic field in the space around the probe had changed: all signs of Voyager 1 becoming humankind’s first eyes and ears in the world between stars. But that does not reduce the severity of the offence. After all. will preserve Voyager 1’s ambassadorship. in logical argument in its favour is on retrib.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Voyager 1 beamed home a series of signals in October-November. and should once again with the Kepler space telescope. and with the help of a natural disturbance promulgated by our Sun. as well as the U. expressed [the death penalty]. The Supreme Court binds me and so I have no comments against its verdict. in a country where an accused’s right to free legal counsel is. which the death penalty decidedly cannot achieve.e xo emailed to Letters Letters CARTOONSCAPE letters@thehindu. How I wish the world as a whole abolished the death sentence. “are almost always committed under life or for death.” After centuries of debate. the court prescribed that the penalest offences against the state) under the In. ht T T Unwise t has been claimed that the BJP’s decision to name Narendra Modi as its primeministerial candidate.” In it. is lucid and logical assuming the death penalty acts as a deterrent. seems to be the attitude. 2012 and around 18. which detect and punish homicide. gs . Here. California. practical argument. which come barely a week after a West-led attack on Syria seemed all but inevitable. V. The trial court judgment has lightened the hearts of many women like me. said Macaulay. Mr. Rajagopalan. cried and prayed for the young woman without even knowing her name. Yet it wasn’t for such objectives that the which prescribes the death penalty as punideath penalty was instilled as punishment shment for murder.” he asked. Beccaria argued that abolishing the death penalty was crucial to a society’s progress from barbarity to civilised refinement. for instance. Although retribution does not always envisage an eye for an eye.” Macaulay’s argument. But when you apply an immoral law to monstrous criminals. the Golden Record. until when the small nuclear battery on-board will be able to power them. I wrote judgments against the death sentence but the Supreme Court has held that in the rarest of rare cases. the victim. Finally. In fact. is ineffectual. and is the Supreme Court’s dictum that the death given that it cannot reform an offender (who penalty be applied only in the “rarest of rare will be too dead to be reformed).] diplomatic settlement.co. that implied the incidence of cosmic rays and the density of ionized gas around the probe had increased. The dangers are most evident from the Supreme Court’s judgment in 2009 in Santosh Kr. Nor are we visionaries to foresee whether a punishment will serve as a deterrent or not. That said. while many were of the opinion that gang. within which great astronomical observations are being expected. brothers and sisters of women are satisfied that justice has been done to the soul and dignity of the 23-year-old. Chennai t is hoped that the verdict and the intense media coverage will help change the parochial attitude that relegates women to subservient roles. “Every act of authority of one man over another that does not derive from absolute necessity is tyrannical. this should not deter multilateral efforts to seize the momentum the Geneva deal has offered to nudge the Syrian conflict’s principal actors toward the negotiating table. if anything. on the other hand.3 billion km from Earth). Yet. in the most brutal of savage cases.P. One. 2013 Not only is the death penalty barbaric and immoral and its deterrent effect unproven. the death sentence can still be given. Mr. deters people from committing crime.8 EDITORIAL http://jobs. 2013. Moscow seems amenable to a Chapter VII resolution at the U.K Advani. How. it could prevent further escalation of violence. a bench comprising Justices S. On the one hand.com J T K. however. callousness and ruthlessness of the crime committed. in order to prevent murder. Rakesh Bharti. Asokan. The primary reason it has taken a year for astrophysicists to deem this event as having happened is that the signs of breaching the ISM were not all detected simultaneously nor have they been understood fully.S. S. sentencing four Delhi gang rape convicts to death. Sinha and Cyriac Joseph ruled that previous judgments of the Court. Out of these 13 convicts. it also contradicts the core objectives of the criminal justice system Suhrith Parthasarathy Diplomacy works he Unites States-Russia agreement to provide a “framework” for the inspection. as the only two holdouts in the region to remain outside major treaties banning WMDs. What rights do people guilty of so heinous a crime lay claim to. S.R. the need to reform the country’s prisoners. Beccaria’s assertion at the first level. comes down to whether capital punishment. at best. atrocious as the no penological guidelines in the statute for crimes may be. Retaining the death penalty on grounds of retribution alone is flawed at many levels beyond its inherent immorality. efficient prosecutorial conduct and.” With Syria having formally acceded to the Chemical Weapons Convention.” In order to keep his supporters of militant Hinduism happy. The fact that one of the accused in the gang rape started howling after hearing the judgment proves that even the most brutal criminals fear death. removal and eventual destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons proves diplomacy is not a spent force in international politics: it has been creatively deployed in this case to not only stave off potentially disastrous military intervention. (The author is an advocate practising in the Madras High Court) he BJP getting a majority in the general election appears a remote possibility. the only cases. It is a general feeling that criminals can commit brutal crimes against women and get away with very little or no punishment. unishment is not meant to be a Delhi gang rape P deterrent.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. led by the University of Iowa. If the West has been saved the blushes of going to war without domestic support. the Voyager 1 space probe became the first human-made object to breach the interstellar medium (ISM). After that. 2013 India’s muddled thinking on punishment MONDAY. has brought a sense of satisfaction. State of Andhra Prarobbery and rape were offences that ought to desh.” But. This second Sputnik moment in the history of human exploration has rightly rekindled the awe humans felt when they first looked into the night sky. These offences. Vipul Kumar Tiwari. capital punishment’s deterrent effect remains. SEPTEMBER 16. astronomers from NASA and several universities. What happens within the four walls is nobody’s business. “The question may well be asked. Modi’s autocratic image poses a threat to his acceptability across party lines. But his inonment.S. By choosing a person who owes his popularity largely to his carefully chosen acts and speeches aimed at social polarisation. it being left to same class with murder. it has muddled a largely rational penology that stood as the basis for its substantive criminal law. while murder is punishable with death. exacerbated the con- fusion over which cases merit the death sentence. Ghosh.. class. That said. and hangs for murder. Kuruvilla. that the probe is now bathed in particles arising from stars other than just the Sun is opportunity enough. utive grounds. But in the several decades since the Indian Penal Code’s drafting. The deal — signed Saturday in Geneva by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and his U. it becomes easier to make comparably iniquitous laws for the rest of us. lthough the crime committed by the four men was dastardly. What if Mr.. a daily wage earner may have no idea who Mr. MONDAY.” said the Leader of the Opposition. effective. Chandigarh Kochi O rdinary people like us are not Mahatmas or saints. It has satisfied people who poured on the streets of the nation. staunch American allies. two have already been hanged. “If they are awarded the death sentence. Such episodes are too high a price to pay for a punishment that. God has given life and He alone can take it away. The agreement proposes to “eliminate” all WMD material in Syria within the “first half of 2014. detected signals from Voyager 1 in April. When the twin Voyager probes were launched in 1977. and to reform the offenders. “that the laws. murder and the high. was on deterrent grounds. it would become a model for the country and effectively curb incidents of rapes. Horrific cases such as the Delhi gang rape should come as a wakeup call for us to unite and initiate grassroots reformation of the marginalised sections. Modi. weapons inspection necessitates a ceasefire agreement between the government and the rebels in many parts of the country. Holding that the gang rape and murder of the 23-year-old in December last fell in the rarest of rare category. And in doing so. It should bring a ray of hope for the innumerable rape victims shunned by their families. Saturday’s deal is a game-changer in more ways than one. The transformation happens over time owing to various familial. O bs Voyager’s voyage :// he fast track court verdict. they cannot be placed on the preferring the lesser sentence. There is no empirical evidence evincing the death penal- n August 25. sentence is the finest tribute to the culture of Buddha to Gandhi. We do not understand criminology or anything that rights activists or lawyers talk. A death sentence on the death I Chennai he BJP’s official declaration that Mr. Cesare Beccaria.” wrote Bhagwati. SEPTEMBER 16. a goldplated disc containing photos of and sounds from Earth. six men did something horrible is something http://jobs. against capital punishment is its irrevocability. More than half the world has abolished it. in the name of fun. M. attitudes and prejudices. in turn. Gayathri Varma. Anand. In the rence and reformation for justification. Gandhi was against it. Swift justice will definitely send a strong message to anti-social elements. Laudable though that goal is. or in other words were rendered in ignorance of the law laid down in Bachan Singh’s case. So given that capital punishment does not act as a deterrent. Its particles and fields science experiment will function till 2020. the power struggle between the U. that the state’s right to take the life of a citizen was illusory. should. scientists deduced that the probe had stumbled into a region — lying on the cusp of the ISM — astronomers didn’t know existed. T A Beccaria’s treatise Today’s debate over capital punishment has its broad genesis in 1764 when the Italian jurist. Security Council to goad Syria into cooperating. United States. wealth and education. all else apart. with vivid details on the background of the criminals. “by the accused: Am I to live or die depending upon the way in which the Benches are constituted from time to time? Is that not clearly violative of the fundamental guarantees enshrined in Articles 14 and 21?” Irrevocability The strongest. the answer to Beccaria’s question remains as clear as it did when he published his thesis. fired from their jobs and thrown out of their villages. rape and death in an Indian city. I tic ab lo we will never forget. publicly commit murder themselves?” Beccaria’s thesis was founded on two central arguments. In India. Murthy. In India. The durability of the probes and the careful management of resources have awarded us with the chance to directly study the outermost reaches of the Solar System. which can only help the case for political dialogue. Premjeet Kumar Barnwal. The plea that appellate courts must swiftly intervene and sentence all the four convicts to an actual lifetime in prison is unique. a bench of five judges. Krishna Iyer.N. Pasadena. after the four men were found guilty in the Delhi case. the punishment of the crime already committed were the same as the punishment for murder. “An Essay on Crimes and Punishments. the doctrine is constitutionally flawed. it also contradicts the criminal justice system’s core objectives: to reform and rehabilitate offenders while ensuring that the accorded punishment deters others from committing crime. that “… it is unfortunate that there are be punishable with death.” Such demands for the guillotine shift the focus from far more significant considerations: the maintenance of law and order through better policing.” he wrote. from the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. added to the payload just in case other life-forms encounter the probe. and Russia on this issue will continue unabated. spoil their leaders.ought to be sparingly inflicted. Bhagwati put it in his dissenting opinion. . What’s more. “For punishment to be just it must have only that degree of intensity that suffices to deter men from crime. I am reminded of the observation that “leaders spoil their followers who. in Syria.” Sept. Lord tentions weren’t to instil in judges discretion Macaulay. in drafting the code said capital punishment while rape was punishable with mere impris. In three papers published in Science in June this year. “A law which imprisons for rape and robbery. The BJP can win the 2014 election only if his development identity overshadows his image of a communal leader. A Chennai am against the death sentence. 14) was thought-provoking.” as they did in Pune recently. he ad-hoc forensic impressionism to decide for wrote. is its prime ministerial candidate has put the party to test. ty’s ability to deter crime. All fathers. Capital punishment. death penalty States have far worse homicide rates than “Rarest of rare” cases Further widening this penological schism abolitionist States. however. theft is not punishable with a corresponding theft nor is rape punishable with rape.V. “I have raised the demand to award capital punishment to these four convicts. To counter this strategic imbalance. by a measure above common imprisonment. who drafted the code with pains.N.N. that have been studied for their meaning since then.validity. Rajagopalan. Modi is. S. State of Maharashtra. Chennai ason Burke’s well researched essay. whose sentences were confirmed by a decision that was admittedly incorrect. It will need at least 180-200 seats to form a coalition. Chennai BG-BG . were rendered per incuriam. Imprisonment has not eliminated theft. He should be punished on release from the corrective home unless he proves he is repentant. including the use of WMDs. runs counter to the core objectives of the criminal justice system.R. No individual is born a criminal. published his treatise. counterpart John Kerry — requires Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to allow for immediate “on-site inspections of all declared sites” which produce and stockpile chemical munitions. And while nobody is sure of what to expect from Voyager 1. such as the WISE asteroid-hunter and the Spitzer space telescope before.S.78 billion km from Earth. The death penalty is not only barbaric and immoral. M. Parvathy. most importantly. “Is it not absurd. according to him. Marriage is irrelevant for this group of people.” On the contrary. Bariar v. India continues to retain the punishment. the quality of mercy is not strained.” went unheeded in Bachan such circumstances that the offender has it Singh. the inspection will be supervised by the treaty’s watchdog.in Ediga Anamma v. had the audacity to equip the probes to function for almost four decades (Voyager 2 is currently 15. and opposed to the social contract from which it derived its sovereignty. and make us look beyond caste. By its fundamental ethos. “holds out to ravishers and robbers a strong inducement to spare the lives of those whom they have injured. who urged the U. but also break new ground in troubleshooting the Syrian crisis politically. dvocating the abolition of the death penalty in the immediate aftermath of the sentencing in the Delhi rape case may appear morally dubious. as Justice P. the only cases. in spite of its chilling moral nuances. even if only in a prescriptive sense.” His attempt marks one of the most politically savvy gestures by a head of state to reach across the aisle to a foreign audience in recent years.J. M.S.

The spectacular increase is responsible for the mounting burden of non-performing assets in the Indian banking sector today. ht s K. When the High Court. 16). Arivazhagan. TUESDAY.S. It could have been just “Hindu” or “Tamizhil Hindu. Chennai tp R ussia’s intervention gave an escape route to President Barack Obama for whom winning over the restive Congress and the war-weary Americans for a military attack on Syria would not have been easy. A classic example of such misguided thinking is evident in the loud opposition to the Food Security Bill.3 per cent. it suffers from a fundamental flaw. 5.748 projects. they carry their VIP status with them to prison. accounted for 27 per cent. given that the growth of consumption expenditure has halved between 2009 and 2012. industry is expected to grow by 2. Quite apart from the fact that such a measure would provide a measure of security to the poor. The death penalty should be used sparingly for those criminals who are beyond reform.9 per cent in 2012-13. is common in India’s prisons. shares in companies and other speculative assets. and not permission to serve time in hospital.6 per cent. New Delhi BG-BG . justified for the state to take a person’s life if he poses a threat to law-abiding citizens. T A I Chengalpattu Singapore Hyderabad was surprised on reading a letter which expressed the hope that the four convicts will lead transformed new lives if treated leniently and spared the death sentence (Sept.S. manufacturing. Adherence to the existing rules and mechanisms is the only way to ensure peaceful existence.” its biggest contribution might well be the realistic GDP growth estimate. the economy will grow by 5. received only one-fifth of the investment. Consider this: between 2003-04 and 2010-11 the Indian corporate sector’s share of net bank credit increased from 31 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to over 37 per cent. found that the lowering of norms prescribing the minimum level of equity stake in an “FDI invested” project — from 40 per cent to 10 per cent — offered perverse incentives to capital flowing in the garb of FDI. even more can be achieved. the guarantee of subsidised food grains. Even the relatively low expectation from industry might be misplaced. We must have faith in the judiciary and let it determine it on a case-by-case basis. :// jo O bs The malady of all emperors R ussian President Vladimir Putin’s appeal to Americans against the U. was referred by the Delhi High Court to a medical board of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences. Strangely. This is expected to augment the supply of foreign exchange by an estimated $30 billion. All that a prisoner can ask for is proper medical assistance in jail.9 per cent. Containing the fiscal deficit is another big challenge. We will endeavour to preserve nature in accordance with the policies of the Government of Citizen Revolution which. A tic ab lo security prisons built and maintained at the expense of taxpayers. the Economic Advisory Council (EAC) to the Prime Minister has not exactly sprung a surprise. Not only VIP convicts. A sub-5 per cent annual growth trajectory seems well within the realm of probability. we consider it our legitimate right to exploit the country’s natural resources while doing our best not to contaminate National Yasuni Park.5 billion in 2011-12 (about 2. therefore. the debt of 10 Indian corporate groups whose interests range from oil and gas and steel to infrastructure increased from about Rs. sridhar. ordinary people are moved by even an actor crying on the screen (Sept. Death penalty he death sentence has not been abolished in India but the judiciary awards it only in the rarest of rare cases (“India’s muddled thinking on punishment. Net capital flows are expected to be lower this year and there could be a small drawdown of reserves. provides shocking insights that prove that a large proportion of FDI is just as volatile and transitory as portfolio capital. Old timers like my father used to wonder way. long term in nature and contributes to improving the competitiveness of recipient nations. can be arrested if and when capital inflows — as investments or borrowings — fill the gap. attributed to the widening Current Account Deficit (CAD). which funnelled money back through tax havens in order to take advantage of tax concessions and other inducements available to FDI projects. It is incumbent on all concerned to give diplomacy a chance and time to work in Syria. Everyone seems to have forgotten that the buck stops at our table. It is the government’s duty to ensure inclusive health care. In the present case. creating a hostile and suspicious environment. the rupee depreciation has already boosted the performance of a wide range of export industries including textiles and leather. I agree “Hindu” is common to all languages. Which is precisely why they should not have a decisive say in the criminal justice system. lulled into borrowing at illusorily low interest rates.5 from 5. A large proportion of the investment was by entities masquerading as investors committed to the long haul or investments that enhanced the productive capacity. surely this is a time to rebalance the Indian economy on a more sustainable path that allows policymakers to use levers that are more easily within their control. But the farm sector has only a small share in GDP. Embassy of Ecuador to India. R. and some other countries.7 per cent. former Haryana Chief Minister Om Prakash Chautala. It is welcome.5 per cent in 2002-03 to 25 per cent in 2012-13. whether due to torture or natural causes. If they belong to a party that is ruling the State at the time. The fiscal deficit obsession The stubborn opposition to the good oldfashioned Keynesian logic of using a fiscal deficit to get the economy back on its feet is grounded in the apparently intuitive logic that equates a government deficit with a household deficit.V. Putin has rightly pointed out that it is dangerous to encourage people to see themselves as exceptional. directed him to surrender by September 17. Allahabad . down from 7. which remains a prime concern. The study that considered 2. But rebalancing would also require the use of measures such as the fiscal deficit.co. thus saving trees. More recently. The policy response suggests that the ongoing crisis is only a temporary blip in the Great Indian Growth Story. A healthy performance by the IT and IT-es industries could help in containing the current account deficit. always a VIP. Since the international community has been reluctant to collaborate with Ecuador on this matter.2 per cent. Satyanarayana Polisetty. T Thiruvananthapuram here is no need to insist on a clear-cut definition of the “rarest of rare” category. Interestingly. D. The share of capital inflows — external borrowings. I am certainly not for http://jobs. Lastly. But it appears that the seeds of the crisis were sown in that very story. and can only be remedied through strict monitoring of VIP cases by the higher courts.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs. The Hindu Clarification his is with reference to the article “Ecuador leader for digital-only dailies” (The Hindu. Chennai f policymakers (legislators) and policy implementers (executives) go for treatment abroad. This is not trivial. Narayanan. and has prevented a blatant display of unilateral belligerence by the U. while much attention has been focussed on the rising import of oil and gold. Russia’s timely intervention has averted a severe humanitarian crisis and a disastrous war.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE.co. will have the immediate effect of increasing their disposable income. Official statistics confirm the downward drift. Another component. venture capital and hedge funds.5 billion in 2004-05 to $45. Second. Shubham Singh. I extend my heartiest congratulations to the newspaper on launching the Tamil edition. Arjun Ramakrishnan.e xo emailed to Letters Letters CARTOONSCAPE letters@thehindu. The Tamil edition should serve as a beginning for launching other language editions of the newspaper. alternative. Secondly. D. the provision can play the role of an economic stabiliser because food prices determine the floor wage level.8 per cent of the previous quarter. 2013 V. According to an oft-cited report in the media. little attention has been paid to the fact that the trade deficit in manufactured goods has widened from $1.5 per cent of GDP). Mr. which have been for far too long a strict no-no in the policymakers’ handbook. it actually declined by 0. Chautala chose to knock at the doors of the Supreme Court. She lay on the road while people in their big cars slowed down and sped away. Ambassador-designate. Director General. going to war with Syria (Sept. whether they are in power or not. Tiruchi Chennai Blow to equality he article “An official vote of no confidence” (Sept. given the state of the country’s external balances. from which they stand to benefit significantly. According to its recently released flagship publication. roads and telecom) share in total bank credit increased from about 9 per cent in 2003 to nce a VIP. I feel the name of the Tamil newspaper could have been different. The condition of the middle class and poor — whose living and health care conditions have deteriorated over the years thanks to the for-profit health care centres — will worsen further if the government reimburses approved expenditure on treatment abroad for IAS and IPS officers. upon the approval of Ecaudor’s New Constitution. if the fiscal deficit is run in an imaginative way. more than 33 per cent in 2011. On the positive side. but often. which is about onetenth of Indian foreign exchange reserves. however. The share of costlier short-term borrowings (almost entirely by private companies) in overall borrowings increased from 4. Justice seems to be swift and sharp when the offenders are poor. after having shown extraordinary concern for the leader’s health. remains in the doldrums.4 per cent projected earlier. the concept of “deterrence” is itself flawed. which accounted for almost 90 per cent of all FDI in the 2004-2009 period. Mr. Large sections of India’s political class live a life of ill-gotten wealth and undeserved privilege. prepared by the Credit Suisse Group in 2012. Nothing could be more wrong.8 per cent as against 1. The markets reacted euphorically. The board. the implementation of the legislation promises economy-wide benefits. a cash transfer scheme would negate much of the potential economy-wide benefits that would accrue from the implementation of the food security legislation. FDI illusion Inflows of FDI registered a spectacular rise — from $9 billion in 2005-06 to $33 billion in 2010-11. Is the writer for Hats off to Putin sentencing criminals to a lifetime in prison? Will it reform the prisoner. C. India’s national newspaper has become national in more ways than one. Indeed. one lakh crores in 2006-07 to Rs. If there is any truth in the old cliché that a crisis is also an opportunity. former chairman of Satyam Computers who is an accused in the multi-crore accounting fraud. It is. since 2006-07. By talking in people’s language. which cites declarations by the President of the Republic of Ecuador A C T CM YK co m encouraging the reading of news on the Internet instead of traditional news dailies printed on papers to avoid the indiscriminate cutting of trees. used his illness as a reason to stay in hospital till he got bail.com keeping them in high- Madurai lthough the article is academically well argued. Sridhar Reality check n sharply revising downwards its April growth forecast for the current year (2013-14) by more than one percentage point. private equity. but even in this case portfolio and other short-horizon investors accounted for almost 40 per cent of the total investment. The guarantee would thus not only help in controlling food prices but also stabilise wages. when they were being investigated by Central agencies. affordable health care. foreign direct investment (FDI) and foreign institutional investors (FII) — gs . The merchandise trade deficit has been coming down in recent months. based on a painstaking dissection of every FDI project entailing an investment of $5 million and more between 2004 and 2009. it has already reached nearly 63 per cent of the budget. such appeals on health grounds are only a backdoor attempt at delaying the serving of a sentence. who was convicted in the teachers’ recruitment scam case earlier this year. all of this is in sharp contrast to the illtreatment of ordinary undertrials and convicts in prisons. Vasudevan.” M. SEPTEMBER 17. and is inadequate in its coverage of national and international news. First. far below the 6. Infrastructure companies’ (power. The Delhi rape victim would have been alive had ordinary citizens who passed by her after she was thrown out of the bus stopped and helped.7 per cent as against last year’s 2.” Sept. The malaise is systemic.exoticablogs. one of the judges had a poser for the VIP politician: “If you come back to power. coupling the food guarantee to the MGNREGA can help in the construction of a countrywide network of godowns for the Food Corporation of India. The clamour by corporate lobbies that interest rates be lowered has no respect for economic logic. Most of the troubles in the world can be overcome if the U. even undertrials and those under arrest for criminal offences feign illness to avoid jail time. In the Delhi gang rape and murder case. But prefixing the English word “The” to the Tamil edition is not very elegant. with a projected increase of 4. had revised its estimate to 5. They fail to appreciate that the era of cheap-credit fuelled growth is well and truly over. Jayakrishnan. are entitled to medical treatment. which advocates of FDI said would be a key beneficiary.v@thehindu. sheds its policy of equating its interests with those of the world. which are volatile and normally associated with short investment horizons.1 per cent last year. The flurry of policy announcements in recent weeks is based on the diagnosis that the relentless slide of the rupee. I Guntur s a reader of The Hindu for over six decades. SEPTEMBER 17. made us the first country in the world to confer rights on Mother Nature. when other English newspapers had a Tamil edition.2 billion (4. Death in custody. the EAC as well as the more optimistic government spokespersons hope that the second half of the year will be much better and lift the overall rate of growth to something above 5 per cent. All prisoners. A study co-authored by Biswajit Dhar. He has been in the forefront of negotiations with the U. the story of India’s dalliance with FDI is shockingly different and raises serious doubts about whether the ongoing attempts to woo investors is sustainable or even desirable. but the risks of the country borrowing its way out of trouble have been much less appreciated. then the police too cooperate. Agriculture is the only sector that is expected to do well on the back of a good monsoon. The death penalty is meant to rid society of barbarians. The President had offered earlier to leave this oil unexploited if developed countries came forward and cooperated with Ecuador’s effort while backing us with at least 50 per cent of amount estimated for the petroleum reservoirs offered to be left unexploited. Sankaran. and services by 6. which was less ambitious to begin with. Darwin Albert Raj. did not launch one. Ramalinga Raju. Of course. A critical component — manufacturing — has yet to show signs of revival. also due to lower imports of gold and capital goods. including convicts. Crying for their blood is not. The EAC’s projection of a $70 billion deficit (3. 16) is well written. The two-track policy — of making India more attractive to foreign investors by deepening “reforms” and of borrowing more — is fraught with serious consequences. I T The great credit binge A striking feature of the story is that Indian corporates borrowed like there was no tomorrow — from not only Indian banks but also from overseas capital markets.in Asset bubble The fact that private fixed investment did not increase at the same pace is perhaps because a large portion of the credit was diverted by Indian companies to what would appear to be an asset bubble — in land. During the first four months of the year.4 per cent. AIADMK politicians and members of the Sasikala family.S.8 per cent of GDP) in 2013-14 as against an estimated $88. which is why they are termed a wage good.exoticablogs. Of course. this would require import curbs and other measures suited to these hard times. they set a bad precedent and encourage others to do the same. he recovery of the rupee and the euphoric rebound of the markets in the last few days would appear to suggest that the economy is back on track again. August 21). I am sure The Hindu-Tamil will fill this vacuum and set new standards. 13) is unprecedented and a welcome gesture by a head of state. Srinivasan. given the type of prison system we have? Is it not premature to talk about the abolition of the death penalty without putting prison and police reforms in place? S. With the economy unlikely to do much better in the second quarter (JulySeptember). Mr. In Tamil Nadu. It does not say what could be the I Congratulations ongratulations to The Hindu on launching the Tamil edition.S. A. preferred the confines of a hospital to the restrictions of a prison cell. 2013 The malaise that drove down the rupee Desperate attempts to woo foreign capital by boosting investor sentiment are unlikely to result in a lasting solution to India’s currency travails TUESDAY. The declarations contained in the report confirm the will and spirit of President Correa to conserve nature by avoiding paper. During the first quarter of this year the economy grew by just 4. its share has been consistently higher than net bank credit to the government. 16). Parvathy rightly points out. what is the purpose of drawing up policies at home? All citizens are entitled to good. Kuriakose. have been surprised by sharp increase in the rupee-denominated value of their loans. It is doubtful if a person contemplating a crime ever thinks of the punishment. Almost all private forecasters have been projecting even lower rates of growth ranging from 4 to 4. FDI is much more stable. found no need to keep him in the hospital. In the unlikely event of their getting convicted for corruption. Mentor Villagómez.1 per cent. One also wonders whether justice would have been this swift in the Delhi gang rape case if even one of the criminals belonged to a well-to-do upper class. V. Indeed. Popular understanding is that while FII investments are volatile. Economic Outlook 201314. The report erroneously indicates President Rafael Correa’s declarations are meant to threaten the directors of media outlets in Ecuador who hold a position contrary to the national government on the exploitation of crude oil in Ecuador. Less than half of the investment was actually FDI.4 lakh crores in 2011-12 — a compounded annual rate of 40 per cent. in the 1990s. Over 10 per cent of the “investment” was round tripping by Indian entities. Narasimhan.G. It was overdue. Companies. the fast track court awarded the death penalty to all the four accused for perpetrating a heinous and barbaric crime on a hapless woman.S.S. Interestingly.R. Reserve Bank of India governor Raghuram Rajan’s recent announcement allowing banks to borrow from global capital markets at a time when interest rates are rising because of the expected reversal of the United States Federal Reserve’s easy money policy is tailored to this logic. will you say I don’t want power citing these ailments?” It is amply clear convicted politicians use real or imagined ailments as an excuse to defeat the ends of justice. But this increase in domestic credit was dwarfed by the remarkable increase in the inflows of foreign capital following the global economic meltdown in 2008. In fact. considered close to Chief Minister Jayalalithaa. Ensuring the conviction of offenders is a national duty. For instance.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Of course. social contract gives the state monopoly on the legitimate use of force. which constitutes a significant proportion of the consumption basket for most people. increased from about 5-6 per cent of GDP to about 9 per cent in 2011. The Reserve Bank of India. However. Kothamangalam T t is commonly believed that the regional media lacks objectivity and credibility in reporting. Last week. it is perplexing that industry lobbies are attacking the provision of an enhanced social wage. Now they say justice has been done. When some countries flout the rules for selfish ends. mining. Research and Information Systems for Developing Countries. 16). M. Indian banks can now borrow up to 100 per cent of their combined net worth and long term borrowings from the international market (compared to 50 per cent earlier) and then “swap” them with the central bank. and about 10 per cent was actually portfolio investment. Third.8 per cent) seems over-optimistic as of now. even lower than the 4. Chautala is not the first VIP to take recourse to such devices to stay out of jail. the Supreme Court did well to denounce the practice of appellate courts suspending the sentence of VIP convicts on grounds of their health while the appeals of several ordinary convicts against death sentences are still in queue. While the EAC has suggested a number of measures to deal with the “twin deficits. The move will also create divisions among civil servants. Between April and July. However.

“And the blood of children ran through the streets. the global military-industrial complex would. Their anger was brewing and came to the fore during Mr. On the one hand. Even a tone-deaf person would admit that the harmonics of music can help soothe frazzled nerves. Reddy. some employees’ unions have already gone on strike to protest the privatisation move. He had further calculated that every individual who levitates generates a specific quantum of ‘peace vibration’ or ‘a coherent world consciousness’ around him — which he called the ‘Maharishi Effect’ — having the power to irradiate and envelop everyone in the neighbourhood with peaceful thoughts. the role of the regulator is of paramount importance especially as the concessionaire can levy charges on airlines for handling flights. Not surprisingly. The curfew there is still on.com hat Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Singh Yadav. How can such maladies be curbed? K. For one high profile editor of the Indian press at least. If at all. Jordan. but I’m just not able to get the damn thing). people with pelf have come to grab prime slots in all spheres of public CM YK co m Hyderabad (The writer is a senior journalist) life. He said at their previous board meeting. who paid his first visit to Muzaffarnagar more than two weeks after August 27 when a Muslim youth and two Jats were killed. the ageing process and urbanisation. The terms and conditions for new bidders must factor in these issues. life is tailor-made for VIPs. the more is the scope for wielding power and vice versa. considering the Akhilesh Yadav government’s indifference to them. 2013 Ratify this convention he entry into force of the landmark global convention that legally recognises domestic work as economically productive activity makes it even harder to countenance the long official neglect of this sector in India. with the security forces occupying their houses and rooftops and subjecting residents to severe search and cordon operations. to go against which merely invites repression. There has been no report of any conspicuous drop in gang wars. the only downside in all this was that the Army could not persuade the joyless Kashmiris to keep their bars and night-spots open “to unwind after a long day of hartal. at a given signal. A high rate of attrition is also a factor. he should have diverted the entourage away from Srinagar and headed. The CGHS reimburses their medical expenses for almost all ailments. Those of us who believe that racisim is a thing of the past are shocked to know that it is alive and kicking. they also spent a modest Rs. as migrant groups constitute the mainstay of domestic labour. Indian hospitals have a network in foreign countries too. A sincere judiciary and police can ensure that the VIPs do not make a mockery of the law. Of course. The Dover Lane music festival in Kolkata has been unable to restrain the Trinamool and the Left cadres from going at each other’s throats. That some of them cannot differentiate between an Arab and an Indian shows their rank ignorance. par kambakht haath hi nahin aati” (Have been polishing this nishad all my life. for centuries. Why. were shameful. Delhi I t is gratifying to learn that an American of Indian descent.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. If long-standing conflicts could be resolved that serendipitously with music. who are now the ‘emperors’ of powerless citizens. Indian hospitals provide world class treatment. The isolated and unprotected nature of the activity exposes workers. Baru is right in pointing out that the government’s decision to reimburse IAS and IFS officers for their medical treatment abroad will affect the taxpayers (“An official vote of no confidence.5 crore for this one concert. A new Bill to empower the regulator has been cleared by the Cabinet. and Ahmedabad. Kolkata. especially in the era of cheap and nofrills airlines. so that passengers are not fleeced. T T here is a delightful story I heard in the mid-1980s from a prominent economist from Chennai who happened to be then India’s executive directoralternate at the World Bank. where T-3 was developed and is run by a private investor. it would be naïve to say that Hindus are responsible for the state of affairs. Needless to say. Indians desirous of going to the U. Likewise. barely 10 per cent of domestic workers around the world are covered by general labour legislation in comparison with those in other sectors. It is time the facilities offered to passengers. was shown black flags in the Kawal village reflects the strong resentment of villagers. tic Bangalore R T Syed Sultan Mohiddin. with warring nations melting down emotionally and helplessly falling in love with each other. Indeed.e xo Dangerous portent I t is painful to learn that our Muslim brethren in Muzaffarnagar feel like strangers in their own land. at Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport. When questioned. as it typically connotes more than one household. always a VIP. Mahesh Yogi now claimed to have perfected the mystical art of levitation. How one wishes Kashmiri artists and intellectuals had managed to get to Zubin Mehta before the show and persuaded him to make a simple announcement that he was performing that day for the victimised people of Kashmir. and for their audiences. Politics is the foremost among them. After all. Later it turned out they were just that. In Chennai and Kolkata. on British television Channel 4 in which Indian actor Shilpa Shetty was at the receiving end of racist comments from a fellow contestant. the Aadhaar officer said the family was known to him. But. we should congratulate her. Towards the end of his life. the CRPF thought nothing of punctuating the score with calibrated shots that killed four boys in nearby Shopian. the unimaginative and stick-in-themud honchos at the World Bank just turned up their collective noses at the proposal and refused to give peace a chance. Ahmedabad. Udhagamandalam ht I t is disheartening to learn that Ms Davuluri became the target of racial outbursts after she won the Miss America title. it is a shame that Muslims feel alienated. and compare the situation to 1947. with invitations for Kolkata. New Delhi T P. excess land must not be made a part of the offering unless it is separately priced. and every citizen there is an Indian first. In this case. It is rather strange that there still exist many Americans who are not happy for Ms Davuluri because she is of Indian origin. Thus. But the malaise of favoured treatment exists in every walk of life. not to speak of a 108-piece orchestra. some magic formula had been discovered for Kashmir which needed to be delivered at all cost. Otherwise deploying music to manufacture instant peace merely sounds as daffy as Mahesh Yogi’s flying capers. Its mushy emotionalism and exaggerated empathy for a confected ‘peace’ can only create an incredulous response. leaves the musicians themselves in considerable distress and pain. 17).” It was as if.exoticablogs. The way some of her fellow countrymen have reacted to her achievement is disgraceful. “All these people who scream about Kashmir being an armed camp are in fact responsible for keeping it that way. attempts to extend legal protection to this sector date back to a private member’s bill in Parliament in the 1950s. But the closest any legislature has moved to realise the objective is the recent inclusion of this category in the Tamil Nadu Manual Workers Act. is unable to conceal its own emptiness. on September 7. Similarly. on the other hand. for Muzaffarnagar. making the Indian Army the biggest real estate holder in the State. A burden emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. Rajkumar. founder of the Kirana Gharana. An average Hindu. more than 80 per cent of whom are women. Nalgonda n a country which has. Even as the violins and bassoons violas were patronisingly syncopating Beethoven with local instruments like santoor. is also preoccupied with livelihood issues and is hardly keen on spreading communal poison. prided itself on its secular nature. There is no doubt that many IAS. But it will also need enabling domestic legislation. by now. Visakhapatnam BG-BG . Our political leaders have an important role to play in assuaging the pain caused to all. the annual music season in Chennai presents some 3. when asked why he — considered the badshah of ‘nishad’ — so resolutely practised the ‘ni’ swar for hours every day. Can there be any quibble over this? Why. One was reminded of Pablo Neruda. But this time the target is an American. Yadav’s visit. overnight. gs . there is no way he could have known that. R. is a political act drenched in the ideology and hegemonic postures of the dominant powers of the State. Responsible citizens should help foster a secular attitude among people and pave the way for a true secular democratic republic. and the effective abolition of child labour in this sector. paid leave and other long term benefits are no less legitimate demands and are important steps to augment their social status as workers. Anuradha Rajan.V. With a heavy heart it needs to be pointed out to the maestro that his performance was more akin to Nero fiddling as Rome burned. no matter what her origin. working out a complex formula of divide and rule. While the government will permit bidders to hold 100 per cent equity in the awarded projects. Raman did while receiving his Nobel Prize. even the musical horn of a passing truck brings peaceful thoughts. The editorial “The malady of all emperors” (Sept.000 people killed. Srinivas Kandala. Entitlements to a weekly day off. which will come only with an increase in job opportunities and better governance. T M he DoPT order reflects the thinking in the bureaucracy which always favours its fraternity at the cost of taxpayers.co. Big Brother. honest search. as ever. to make the airports attractive for airlines. The solution does not lie in partitioning villages. like children’s blood”. instead. evolved since Independence at the cost of the taxpayer and the common man. Just imagine.exoticablogs. The DoPT order will only drain the exchequer in due course. The other day. I was waiting in a queue at an Aadhaar outlet for registration. Racism alive T Needs careful navigation he decision by the Civil Aviation Ministry to privatise six major airports in the country comes at a time when the government is facing a massive resource crunch. Lakshmeesha. There is a regular wafting of ‘divine’ music from the Kamala Nehru Park in Delhi. SEPTEMBER 18. All these sentimentalists would need to learn that making music. What the people here are looking at is not financial assistance but a better standard of living. German ambassador Steiner. all the years of Zubin Mehta conducting the Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra in Tel Aviv has not yet made a pacifist country out of Israel. in the past quarter of a century. Syria. camouflaged as art. SEPTEMBER 18. airlines and visitors at major airports matched international standards. The latest decision will ensure that there is no improvement in public health care and result in a drain of the exchequer. A praiseworthy feature of the plan is that no bidder is to get more than two of the six airports. It is time citizens were allowed a say in such decisions. which is what translates into a kind of palpable equanimity. That was all that was needed to balance it out. The workplace is an extremely amorphous term in this particular context. Sumit Paul. not a reinforcing of oppression.” he had barked into the mike. One wonders why they have subjected her to such humiliating comments. who beat contestants from 49 States. Israel. Muslims in Uttar Pradesh are virtually left to fend for themselves between parties that propagate hatred against them and those which promise to protect them. tumbaknari and rabab. The Muzaffarnagar clashes are more than just a political game aimed at winning elections. about 41 per cent. this will be subject to the regulations in operation by the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority. Communal elements continue to grow. WEDNESDAY. Nehru Patnaik. “I accept this prize on behalf of my oppressed countrymen. we have not been able to develop true national integration.8. The demand for domestic workers is said to be on the increase given the changing profile of the Indian family. Music is an agonising quest for unattainable goals that. members were asked to consider an extraordinary proposal from the colourful Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. India’s experience with new airports has been mixed. The ultimate irony in this musical caper will.” He obviously was not there long enough to know the difference between a hartal and a militaryimposed curfew. A 2013 ILO report shows that the Asia-Pacific region has the maximum prevalence of domestic labour. But I doubt how many musicians would concede that ‘peace’ is their primary business. Pune W tp hen a young woman is crowned Miss America or Miss World. It is telling that the list includes Chennai and Kolkata airports.” He even chose to speak about “the inner peace that soldiers felt in Sarajevo” when his orchestra played amidst the devastation there. I was reminded of this while listening to and reading the surfeit of gurgling ‘peaceprose’ of conductor Zubin Mehta. of course. Even after six decades of independence. as Edward Said pointed out. ‘Peace vibration’ En-route to developing and packaging Transcendental Meditation. dotting the Valley’s landscape with extensive acres of army camps. But the task of mobilising domestic workers to assert their rights to fair terms of employment is most formidable. The UPA government has failed to fulfil its promise of bringing in an effective bill to prevent communal violence. That http://jobs. 16). but the construction leaves a lot to be desired. Tendentious work. there too Hindus and Muslims needed to sit next to each other and listen to some equal music. and on passengers in the form of a User Development Fee (UDF). Kadapa I Anand Ji Jha. always be the historic irony of the date. His soothing words would have done wonders for the people affected by one of the worst riots to hit the State. to console the victims of the communal violence. K. There is the insightful story of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan. Prolonged communal tensions will weaken and destabilise the largest democracy. local boys. The real work of art during times of conflict is a sign of resistance. murders or caste clashes in the region. Indian-origin young woman crowned Miss America (Sept. like an average Muslim. Krishnan.U. Bangalore Emperors of the powerless Akola A lthough there exists no multitier citizenship in this country. As Prime Minister. Gang rapes and communal clashes still happen. It lies in finding some way that ensures that both communities live together.S. Ganapathi Bhat.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Rights to minimum wages and maternity benefits that are norms in Latin America are a far-cry in Asia. True beauty has nothing to do with the colour of the skin or descent. it was the AAI that built new terminals. Communalism is spreading to rural areas. Developers and operators must come under the regulator for the levy of fees and charges. His self-defence was strident and aggressive as he blamed Kashmiris for their troubles. Jaipur and Guwahati to follow. I am reminded of the reality show. It is unfortunate that even in this age of ostensible egalitarianism some people are rabidly colour conscious and incorrigibly racist.” It is no secret that the existing state of affairs is the result of corruption. :// . not to speak of more serious rioting inside Parliament. We can only pity her critics who seem unable to digest her achievement out of envy or racism. In India. The tidal ‘peace wave’ thus cumulatively generated would be so powerful as to instantaneously flood the region awash in peace. Like the fiercely independent scientist C. it only contributed to two weeks of further needless discomfort for people living around Shalimar Gardens. make them levitate simultaneously. where the state-owned Airports Authority of India recently built new terminals. has been crowned Miss America. The ratification of the ILO convention will be an important step in improving the lot of the millions employed in this sector.000 concerts in about 40 days in December-January. I feel he should have gone there earlier. the Indian state has turned increasingly assertive against Kashmiri nationalism. Lebanon and. The onus is squarely on the government to ensure that the services of all existing employees in these airports are protected. What was really saddening was to see music being reduced to such propagandist kitsch. and settling down there must ask themselves whether they should work in a land at the cost of their self-respect and bear such humiliation. Politicians find it easier to garner votes by dividing society rather than tread the difficult path of development. without fuss. I fully agree that the systemic favouritism extended to the “emperors” can be remedied only through strict monitoring of VIP cases by the higher courts. jo bs T he racist tweets that greeted Nina Davuluri. Fearing retrenchment. J.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. applicants will not be eligible for more than one of the three international airports in the list — Chennai. 17) rightly reminds us “once a VIP. said. united in its overall identity.” Sept. People from other countries come here for treatment.000 of his followers (he called them ‘Yogic Flyers’) to Palestine.P. Inbasekar. Propagandist kitsch Of course. Chief Minister Omar Abdullah and the scores of TV anchors and print-press editors who all seem so collectively determined to make peace at any cost in Kashmir. foremost and always. to greater vulnerability. For many musicians. The single-minded purposefulness of it all reminded one of Albert Camus’s vitriolic jibe at such cultural aggression as “the essential music before the massacre. Nothing incendiary was happening in Kashmir at that time and would not have been provoked had this ‘peace concert’ not been invented. confronted with the risibility of daily life and its myriad conflicts. besides legally guaranteed minimum wages in Kerala and Karnataka. Further. The logic behind including smaller airports in this plan seems to be that a well-resourced private operator would be able to offer better facilities to help airlines enhance connectivity. had exclaimed. Muzaffarnagar is part of India. IPS and IFS officers will prefer treatment abroad henceforth. it is his prerogative to choose the areas he intends to visit. Another family arrived and was immediately ushered in ignoring those in the queue. he report on the plight of Muzaffarnagar residents is disturbing. in fact. over 10. Zubin Mehta is no apostle of peace like Mahatma Gandhi. Transport 250. those looting and killing innocent Muslims are communal elements in the name of Hindus. S. Hyderabad anmohan Singh’s Muzaffarnagar visit has been unnecessarily politicised by the Opposition. 2013 Zubin Mehta and the unequal music The maestro’s performance in Kashmir was more akin to Nero fiddling as Rome burned Sadanand Menon WEDNESDAY. The development and management of these airports will be awarded to private players for a concession period of 30 years. That said. Visakhapatnam T he special treatment given to VIPs and former VIPs in prison is against the principle of equality. He perhaps did not realise that he himself was performing inside a hermetically sealed army camp that day. The more one is corrupt. if the great man really needed to prove the efficacy of his genius. The economic assistance to the victims of the riots is no doubt an attempt at damage control. music represents this anguish of an intense. As a first. Madurai Sarthak Abhyudaya. So his plan for West Asia was simple and ingenious. They point to the inveterate racism that continues to exist among some Americans. Rajender Samala. handling charges must be reasonable. “Zindagi bhar is nishad ko maanj raha hun. With over 70. which has eight per cent of the world’s domestic workers. it would be fatuous to imagine the imperious swish of a baton returning comfort to this region. Maestro Mehta ab lo CARTOONSCAPE should be the message sent out to all residents of the district. Bids have been invited for the privatisation of Chennai and Lucknow airports in the first instance. But it is the weakest in terms of legal protection — only three per cent of workers are entitled to a weekly day off as compared to the global average of 50 per cent.000 people ‘disappeared’ and hundreds of thousands of Pandits displaced.” he hissed. This new standard adopted by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) mandates states to promote the freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining between domestic workers and their employers. Just one per cent of the Asia-Pacific domestic workforce is entitled to stipulated maximum hours of work a week. have gassed out every musician in the world. the C-Major sounding a little off-key. Parliament should consider acting expeditiously on the 2008 draft bill proposed by the National Commission for Women that seeks to regulate working conditions for domestic workers. ama V. Most certainly. The proposal was for a scheme to bring peace to the strife-torn West Asia for which he required some small change amounting to (if I remember right) $500 million. “Don’t underestimate the power of inner peace that music brings to people all over the world. the flooding of the terminal in June due to heavy rain exposed the poor planning that has gone into its development.

The first is the glaring failure to develop power and transportation infrastructure commensurate with the needs of the economy. F I n the last two decades.2 billion people. India must create over 200 million jobs outside agriculture by 2025. Rather. Whatever the reason for them to escalate tensions. (Arun Maira is Member. and quality of clusters is in the States. Indians have felt the need to create a new word. to 25 per cent. For the last 20 years. C. government is largely to blame for its inability to prevent or contain the violence.S hold dear: white or nothing. Since we must stimulate manufacturing growth much faster and across the country too. The second point is that these plans were made when the forecast of growth of the economy was 8 per cent in the hen Nina Davuluri was crowned Miss America earlier this week. racists in the United States gave free vent to their prejudice on social media networks like Twitter. above all. T Ongole BG-BG . The NIMZ strategy in the National Manufacturing Policy has captured the imagination of the country.8 per cent. the foreign exchange necessary will be recommended by designated domestic hospitals.P. Improving the business regulatory framework 2. and enable people to experience a sense of pride in the State’s unique identity. the spelling bee or a beauty pageant.co.com New Delhi Noida CM YK co m Accelerate action iii. music transcends everything and has a universal appeal. Communalism is a growing menace. T. Bangalore New Delhi hile artists have every right to propagate their works. jo W bs Pigment of our imagination he article “Zubin Mehta and the unequal music” (September 18) was one-sided. P W Noida rue. Action on these four strategies has begun. But it has not been able to develop a large. think back on when was the last time anyone with Ms Davuluri’s skin tone won a beauty crown in India. Conveniently. There are two broad failures in India’s development since the 1990s which explain why India’s manufacturing sector has languished while high-end information services have grown. the truth is that the Indian idea of beauty is not very different from the imagined ideal of ‘Ms America’ that those racist hatetweeters in the U. can an evening with Zubin Mehta work? T. the plans of these working groups converged on five major strategic thrusts to grow Indian manufacturing. where it has been stagnant. The common man cannot afford to get involved in activities that instigate communal. Complex or high risk cardiovascular surgery. Had she been in India. The National Manufacturing Policy which was introduced in 2011 is a belated departure from the policy neglect of earlier years. Mehta and his troupe did was to extend a healing touch. Akhilesh Yadav’s resignation will not solve anything. since the people who wield power in everyday decision-making have no incentive to do this: they can get treated abroad. seemingly. which has happened. If music could usher in inner peace. 3.” The Planning Commission’s High Level Expert Group on Universal Health Coverage advocated a similar vision for the ongoing Twelfth Plan and beyond. Music alone cannot bring peace to a State where uncertainty has prevailed for decades and where the curfew culture and fear have wreaked havoc in the common man’s life. A large burden of this job creation must fall on the manufacturing sector which has so far been a laggard. Subhash. whether that’s in San Jose.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. Economic reforms unveiled in 1991 have brought about a structural shift enabling the private sector to assume a much larger role in the economy. the following actions are required. (Sadly. One is the stimulation of overall economic growth which the new Governor of the Reserve Bank. can an average Kashmiri pay heed to the interlude of philharmonic orchestra? In a State where people’s historic love for the Sufi tradition and music has not succeeded in bringing peace. Mehta’s concert was apolitical. which also goes by the same beauty standard. They will be very disappointed if they do not get jobs. far from entering a beauty contest. I Bangalore he article was insightful. on which the national health system was to be built. Immediate impact on growth of employment: effectiveness in creating jobs without prolonged gestation periods is an important criterion in determining which strategies should be given the most attention now. We should not be carried away by hate speeches and unfounded truths like morphed video images. Therefore they can be achieved. must understand the gravity of the situation.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. it would be pertinent to ask if Ms Davuluri would have ever made it past the qualifying rounds of a beauty contest in India. Arts. The elected leaders of U. We will have nothing but the weather to talk about if the freedom of press is restricted thus. Planning Commission) We’re with you t was with great concern that we read the news of the Andhra Pradesh police registering a case against the The Hindu’s Resident Editor (AP). not just in select industrial pockets. Both these were welcome steps. who opposed Mr. with the fairness fascists expanding their territory to include men who. Mr.K. We. bombs and police sirens for nearly 25 years. To put more force behind these strategies. neither exaggerate the importance of Mr. The country has been happily importing large volumes of manufactured goods as its economy has grown. Mridul Purohit. to euphemistically describe the melanin in their skin.exoticablogs. however. T tic ab lo A challenge hatever the provocation for communal riots. Such measures can only deal a severe blow to the national health care system when it is in dire need of quantitative expansion. Mehta’s concert saying it was anti-Islamic. resolve inter-ministerial issues fast to facilitate induction of technology and increase value addition in several sectors. and this word litters the rows of matrimonial columns apologetically. It must be pointed out here that to provide even a basic package of free health care to Indians. and 10 working on cross-cutting issues that affect all industries. It recommends a scaling up of facilities in a decade to provide access to treatment and medicines and cut the dismal levels of out-of-pocket spending. P B. Developing effective clusters for growth of SMEs (small and medium enterprises) 5. The ailments for which members of the IAS. Only those at the receiving end of violence are losers. devastation. In a country where a multi-crore rupee cosmetic industry thrives on promises of lightening a woman’s skin colour in 10. They require acquisition of large pieces of land and the building of modern infrastructure. Back in India. a caveat on treatment abroad: that only those cases where facilities are not available in India are to be considered. Rishabh Sriwastava. The HLEG assessment shows that the country falls well short of the modest WHO norm of 23 health workers per 10. Sweety Gupta. and not waste time in pointless bickering. the Indian economy has witnessed a transformational change to emerge as one of the fastest growing economies in the world. the efficacious effect of music. we must turn to the other four strategies listed above. and full marks to America for that. After all. He never claimed that he was restoring peace in Kashmir by playing compositions of Haydn and Beethoven. microvascular and neurosurgery (and others left unspecified) should be available in the public health system. in connection with a recent report on the DGP meeting godman Habib Mustafa Idrus Baba in Hyderabad. The Mehta & music maestro performed in the troubletorn State with all good intentions. Eighty per cent of the action for improving the business regulatory environment. Therefore. Depressing though this may sound. competitive manufacturing base to dampen the need for imports and to export. States must be alerted to what they can do. However the need to create jobs will not reduce. 12th Plan and faster growth thereafter. It obviously matters little that even in 1946. they result in death. The action is a clear case of abuse of power. where few things are more celebrated than an Indian’s success in the United States.exoticablogs. Thathachari. We were distressed after a natural calamity struck the region. Focus action in the States. If this sounds like an exaggeration. literature and music are necessary for intellectual advancement. particularly China where manufacturing constitutes 34 per cent of GDP and 13. be devoted to the development of the health service. Growth of the MSME (micro small and medium enterprises) sector: This sector has emerged as a vital sector of the Indian economy. with only 19 workers available. His actions should be seen purely from a musical perspective. organised a parallel concert. The second is the absence of an industrial policy.9 per cent in 1991. I New Delhi he registering of cases against The Hindu and Zee 24 for reporting the DGP’s visit to the old city is against constitutional values. and to industry associations. can be counted on two hands with fingers to spare. But before rushing to denounce American attitudes. The second is the sorting out of the multiple policy and implementation problems besetting India’s power and transport infrastructure that are now receiving high level attention in the PMO and the Cabinet. Malkangiri Ravi Kumar.K. ‘wheatish’. but to generally facilitate such treatment for the higher echelons of the bureaucracy.P. B. have all the time as their greed for power knows no limits. Adfar Shah. the report of the Health Survey and Development Committee headed by Sir Joseph Bhore. including electronics. people are shaking with outrage that Americans should react in this manner to the achievement of a Person of Indian Origin. even many industry leaders think the National Manufacturing Policy is only about NIMZs!) 2. defence and capital goods. Steered by a systematic process. This is a big. are fore-runners of the NIMZs. The only message was that cultural events are integral to a society and should not be held hostage to a few vested interests. Mehta perhaps overstated the fact in the context of ‘peace’ in Kashmir. bone marrow transplants. 2013 Bailing out of the system or a government dragging its feet on the question of providing universal health cover for all. brotherhood and peace that have existed between the communities in Muzaffarnagar for so long. If the visit was a private affair. 2013 Pulling manufacturing out of the rut It is the only sector that can create jobs and prevent the economic crisis from deepening Arun Maira THURSDAY.S. IT industries are far less dependent on this infrastructure for their operations than are manufacturing units. The memories of a musical theatre held beside the Naini lake then are still fresh in my mind. Muzaffarnagar riots. the Gujarat riots … in all these politics was in the forefront with religion and ethnicity being excuses. it is unfortunate that the Centre has agreed to foot the bill for reverse medical tourism for a select few. But all that Mr. These are to create 100 million additional jobs in manufacturing by 2025 by accelerating the growth of manufacturing to exceed the overall growth of the economy by an additional 2 per cent to 4 per cent annually. Mr. Communicate the essentials of the Manufacturing Plan widely to politicians. R. the growth of the manufacturing sector will be lower and it will not meet its employment targets. like the women victims of such advertising. 20 or 30 days. after co-opting a regulated private sector for the purpose. The violence could have been nipped in the bud but that would have been possible only if the political leadership had kept aside narrow political gains and let police work independently. ht tp T . Nobody can deny T eople are preoccupied with two square meals a day. sciences. I feel very happy when I remember the event. others Miss Terrorist. the victim is always the common man. growth of the manufacturing sector is also critical for ensuring that India’s trade balance is corrected. with India’s share in global manufacturing at only 1. it also contributes substantially to manufacturing output. even the mention of the need for a concerted industrial policy for India has been taboo. they require hardly any money to implement which is a great advantage when the Finance Minister is constrained to squeeze plan funds to reduce the fiscal deficit. Kashmir is a wounded Valley. Mehta’s peace concert in an army camp was irrelevant to the situation in Kashmir. this country is as much theirs as ours. I olitical parties are least concerned about those killed or dislocated in the riots. ii.” Sept. it is also true that regions exposed to cultural development are less prone to unrest. At least multiculturalism is held up enough in the U. That both concerts were held shows India is a mature democracy with space for both agreement and dissent. but it must be accelerated. an idea that Indian economists and policymakers threw out of the window when they dismantled the stifling controls of DGTD (Director General of Trade and Development) on industry and lowered duties on imports in 1991. The intent. Umashanker. under different Sections of the IPC. caste and other tensions. it is fair to say that the dark complexioned 24-year-old would not have stood a chance. particularly women. female or male. There is no doubt that the U. Failure to create the jobs required will have serious socio-political consequences. Coimbatore t is nobody’s case that a single musical night can lend a healing touch to the alienated population of Kashmir. GDP growth has largely been enabled by growth of the services sector. Some called her Miss Al Qaeda. for the jury to have given her the title. SEPTEMBER 19. This is in stark contrast to the experience of other Asian nations at similar stages of economic development. Countrywide applicability: This will ensure livelihood opportunities are provided to people all across the country. All Muslims are an integral part of our society. 1. Saseendran. T Hyderabad he officer has a right to voice his views but not to intimidate The Hindu or any other publication for reporting news. 1. mistrust among different communities (“The chilling familiarity of Muzaffarnagar. they should not oversimplify people’s everyday struggles. Crores spent on it could have been granted to victims of violence as education aid or health care aid. The responsibility lies on us to exercise wisdom and patience. Hyderabad hat happened at Muzaffarnagar was a blemish on our democratic and constitutional values. there is. the number of dark actors. it is more likely that Ms Davuluri would have grown up hearing mostly disparaging remarks about the colour of her skin. The 2 per cent to 4 per cent growth is over and above the base level growth. Young people will continue to pour out of schools and colleges and many with better skills too. are with The Hindu. It is estimated that the MSME sector contributes about 45 per cent of manufacturing output and 40 per cent of total exports of the country. the Centre and the State government must do everything in their power to eradicate it. the Centre has shown great alacrity in deciding that members of the All India Services and their families will be eligible for medical treatment abroad at the taxpayer’s expense. In the revised guidelines issued by the Department of Personnel and Training. policymakers. the public. National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs) Effective strategies for boosting the manufacturing sector and employment growth must satisfy three important criteria: i. Improving technology and value addition in manufacturing 4. Politicians. the Finance Minister. But none can deny that cultural activities and sports can do a lot to enhance community participation. SEPTEMBER 19. It is social and economic freedom that brings inner peace. which are under bureaucratic control anyway. Let us think about something practical rather than use entertainment as modern diplomacy. M Delhi think the article is unduly critical of the Kashmir government’s efforts to bring peace to the Valley through music and art. I was witness to a similar effort while I was studying in a Nainital boarding school in the late 1990s.e xo emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu. While it is true that music does not manufacture peace. The first is that the summation of the bottom up plans made by the producers and policymakers associated with the various manufacturing sectors results in the same numbers. qualitative upgradation and strong regulation. but are not. Human asset development 3. The implementation plan to convert India’s Manufacturing Policy to results has been drawn up by 26 working groups: 16 working on specific industries’ plans. the need of the hour is to lay emphasis on bringing back the harmony.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. The first DMIC zones are expected to be ready in 2019. The large urban-industrial estates along the DelhiMumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC). approved in 2007. pop stars would not have killed themselves. 18). W Shaikh Jamir Munir Secunderabad http://jobs. are promised promotions. Mehta’s concert nor call it insignificant. If the base falls due to other macro-economic problems and policy log-jams. as far as they are available. Separatists. Not only can these be implemented immediately. We have seen how the Taliban’s ban on music and dance in Afghanistan spelt intellectual catastrophe for the country. At the Centre. Let us. recommended that “public funds should. The first NIMZs are likely to be ready even later. the benefits of which will be more investment in the States and more jobs. Socio-political consequences The Institute of Applied Manpower Research estimates that 8 to 9 million additional young persons will join the labour force annually. It must address the challenges of rapid job creation and expansion of domestic production. Geetha Krishnamurthy. political parties merrily fish in troubled waters. ideally at the district level. The third is the implementation of plans to convert the New Manufacturing Policy to results. But the baby was also thrown out with the bathwater. IPS or their families are now eligible for treatment abroad are those for which treatments need to be widely available in a country with over 1. If anything. gs . and still others made offensive remarks about the colour of her skin. the exodus of north-eastern Indians. as soon as their skin tone becomes a few degrees lighter. That prospect is now distant. Thereby the share of manufacturing in the overall growth of the economy will also increase from 16 per cent. dislocation of families and. It not only plays a crucial role in providing large employment opportunities at a comparatively lower capital cost. It has ambitious goals. audacious strategy and will no doubt have a substantial impact on India’s manufacturing when these zones are up and running. Compensation to victims and rehabilitation of uprooted families are short-term remedies. Manas Chhabra. W Srinagar r. and more. Nagesh Kumar. However. The worry is that India’s manufacturing sector has stagnated at about 16 per cent of GDP. Rather than take up this challenge. Their comments ranged from garden-variety hate against foreigners to deeply Islamophobic bilge. One hopes better sense will prevail on the police and the case will be withdrawn. between 2012 and 2022. which is a Herculean task for many. A lasting solution lies in ensuring education and employment to all. Additionally. The concert was meant for a selective few and was wrongly portrayed as a show meant for all of Kashmir. he could have sent a rejoinder. After facing the “music” of guns. Besides the employment imperative. T :// New Delhi hat music brings peace to one’s mind is an undisputed fact. the situation is getting worse. India needs to double the number of doctors and nurses by 2025. Ramanathan. Two points must be made here while mentioning these goals. or the last time anyone saw a matrimonial advertisement seeking “a dark girl” for a handsome boy. however. That would have brought more peace to the Valley.000 people. Empowerment will make women stronger and self-reliant to resist anti-social elements on their own. New Manufacturing Policy It is imperative that three sets of actions are taken simultaneously to prevent a sociopolitical crisis. therefore. human asset management practices. in addition to State authorities. which has pleased citizens no doubt. why was he accompanied by his colleagues and the traffic regulated throughout his 40minute stay at the godman’s house? If the DGP indeed felt the report was wrong.S.7 per cent of world manufacturing — up from 2. and pass on the cost to the exchequer. In the film industry. such as the business regulatory environment and human resource and labour issues. Ritvik Chaturvedi. with productivity improvement jobs in agriculture are declining. the readers. she would have been — going by the storyline of most “fairness” cream advertisements — a person with low self-esteem and few friends. and the Prime Minister are focussed on. Ramesh. social success. is not to sanction the exceptional case. treatment for leukemia. THURSDAY. Banishing cultural activities from the State will help only those who want to perpetuate fear and hatred. neoplastic conditions.

seldom do we look at our backyard. government’s decision to award compensation must be established as a healthy precedent.” it would mean that the compensation is ultimately being footed by the taxpayer despite the fact that there is a law which enables NPCIL to seek such compensation from a negligent supplier. Let us not blame the entire American society for the folly of a few disgruntled elements. Evidently.exoticablogs. The intention and the end result of music are happiness. the Andhra Pradesh High Court did well to recall an earlier order that struck down the award of compensation to 70 Muslim young men who were wrongly arrested in connection with the 2007 Hyderabad Mecca Masjid blast case. 2013 Don’t waver now on nuclear liability Parliament framed a law that opens a door for reactor suppliers to be called to account if an accident results from faulty or defective equipment. Any watering down of the law by the operator offering waivers of statutory provisions would only increase the ambiguities.” Yet. music is not the magic mantra that can solve all social and political problems. Nepal. Apart from pressing for speedier progress on the purchase of American nuclear reactors.e xo fter appearing to have encroached on matters within the realm of the executive. was a watershed moment in international nuclear liability jurisprudence because of the unique way in which it dealt with supplier liability. which it is understood. In such a backdrop. if it isn’t white. Priyanka Chopra. Many find it difficult to differentiate between Asian communities. but the least he could do is to publicly register India’s anguish at NSA’s spying. T G. sections of which are vulnerable to communalisation. has various ambiguities in relation to the scope of supplier liability. Vasanthakumar Sambasivan. Madhusree Guha. and ii) a contractual right of recourse (which is covered under Section 17(a) of the Act). there are indications that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh might end up making concessions on a host of issues that are of great concern to American businesses when he meets with President Obama on September 27. The law in relation to waiver of a statutory right is well settled. Of course. In other words. and is in no one’s interests. Admittedly. highhandedness under the carpet. If Parliament. Justice demands that the police officers who unthinkingly put innocent young men through such a harrowing time be made answerable. But the argument that darkcomplexioned women do not win beauty contests in India is not right as Lara Dutta. viz. I bs Brazil shows the way :// he outrage at the racist comments that greeted Nina Davuluri. The Hindu earlier reported U. the Obama administration is also likely to demand protection for American patents in the pharmaceutical and renewable energy sectors over and above that required by Indian law. and police officers who use torture to extract ‘confessions’ should be made to face civil and criminal liability. in the event of a nuclear accident.” Sept. K. it isn’t right. It is far-fetched to claim that The Hindu report would cause this. Katoho H.P. are wholly government owned. Parliament. Muscat hat is baffling is that those who created history by voting for Barack Obama. it can also be argued that this forms part of the public policy of India — a consideration. Citizens should stand shoulder to shoulder with The Hindu at this hour. Therefore. is justified (“Pigment of our imagination. Indians. Both are on the governing board of the Nuclear Law Association of India. many north Indians cannot differentiate among the people of south Indian States. The hostility that greeted Ms Davuluri reveals the mindset of a class that wants to assert the supremacy of the white skin over the dark skin. The only two situations in which a operator could claim a subsequent right of recourse against a supplier under international liability law as well as under domestic law of other countries were i) where the nuclear incident arose out of an act or omission by the supplier with an intent to cause damage (which is covered under Section 17(c) of the Act). This kind of an approach by the operator may be more helpful for the supplier community rather than an approach in which the Indian operator says it is giving a blanket waiver of its statutory right of recourse. Views expressed are personal) arise. Yadav could have resigned from the UGC and joined the Aam Aadmi Party. The police FIR describes the DGP’s visit as done in the “public interest.” Sept. has decided to introduce an expanded concept of supplier liability in the Act. Ram Mohan Compensating victims A n cancelling her state visit to the United States on account of the National Security Agency’s spying excesses. Fernando. Delhi hat strife torn Kashmir longed for music was evident from the emotional words of Chief Minister Omar Abdullah during Zubin Mehta’s concert. Balasubramaniam Pavani. tic gs . China or some other South East Asian country). 18). why can it not do the same for those who have suffered injustice at the hands of its own police force? In the past. can also be chauvinistic and racist. If there were problems in the implementation of the law.P. The Act does have its flaws but it has raised some key challenges to international liability principles that historically insulated the supplier from liability in practically all situations. and Diana Hayden have falsified the belief that our society is completely biased in favour of fair skin. would have no bearing on Sections 17(b) and (c). Renu Dhillon. Mr. I can say Arabs are good looking. is expressly excluded from the Attorney General’s legal opinion. while buffeting U. therefore.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. The Act however. and felt that this additional requirement contained in Section 17(b) was necessary in the Indian context. (b) and (c) are distinctive and separate. I Section 17(b) This expanded concept of supplier liability is vehemently resisted by major supplier countries including the United States. has enjoyed cordial ties with the United States. another emerging power which. Prime Minister Singh need not call off his visit à la Rousseff. The government’s fear that Mr. The police claim that the report’s intent was to cause injury to the public or any person lacks credibility. Indian-origin girl crowned Miss America. Askar Nawaz Jung (1991) held that a contract which has a tend- ency to injure public interests or public welfare is one against public policy and what constitutes an injury to public interests or welfare would depend upon the times in which the issue arises.” If the provisions of the law under which the FIR has been filed and the contradictions governing the nature of the DGP’s visit are seen together. law and order and peace and harmony. such an enlightened intention was not clarified to The Hindu by the DGP. it said. the entire responsibility of setting up and running a nuclear power plant rests with these entities. The proof under Section 505 (1) (b) requires intent to cause fear or alarm to the public. Krishna Bahadur v. the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and ab lo Yadav’s removal he removal of psephologist Yogendra Yadav from the University Grants Commission because of his association with the Aam Aadmi Party is unfortunate. exclusion for sub-clause (b) is also not possible and Section 17(a) cannot be the basis for reading such a right of waiver. T jo tp Delhi t is indeed disappointing that Ms Davuluri had a bitter experience after she won the coveted title. the National Commission for Minorities had recommended that the compensation amount be recovered from the salaries of the policemen responsible for falsely implicating the young men. When NSA documents were made public. As one who has stayed in Saudi Arabia for years. had been bugged by the NSA. particularly the Bhopal gas tragedy. all liability in relation to a nuclear power plant was channelled exclusively to the operator.V. The A. President Dilma Rousseff of Brazil has taken a principled position that most leaders around the world have shown little appetite for. she has proved that beauty is not skin deep. 1872 also provides that the consideration or objects of a contract would be unlawful if it would defeat the provisions of a law or is opposed to public policy. It was not just that the guilt of the men was not proven. The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). if the exclusion cannot be made for sub-clause (c). The Hindu) now indicate that the Attorney General has provided a legal opinion to the government opining that Section 17(a) provides for a right of recourse if such right is expressly provided for in a contract in writing and the operator is therefore free to choose not to incorporate such a provision in its contract with the supplier. inter alia. While it is true that mere acquittal or discharge from a case does not entitle an arrested person to compensation. as this would be against public interest.P. from a supplier.S. Such behaviour should be condemned outright and nipped in the bud. As rightly pointed out by many.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. That these revelations follow the arbitrary detention of David Miranda — the Brazilian partner of journalist Glenn Greenwald who published the NSA leaks — by British authorities at Heathrow has alienated her government further. C. Sriharsha. How many north-easterners have won the Miss India title? All of us raise a hue and cry over problems elsewhere. More important.R. 19). Purna Theatres (2004)). Ram Mohan is Fellow. Rijo Thomas. It is understood that the opinion goes on to confirm that the operator can either incorporate a clause in the contract to cover the right of recourse under Section 17 or can waive such a right. For this class.S.V. hypothetically. SEPTEMBER 20. India too was affected by the NSA’s schemes: it is now on record that our embassies. Compare this commendable response to that of India. While every major power affected by the NSA’s intrusive surveillance programme — with the honourable exception of Germany — has gone out of its way to brush U.C. Beauty & the skin this Nishitha Krishnaswamy. Tharcius S. V. Music is like a mirror. foreign or Indian. Neither the fact of their arrest nor the proof of their innocence was in dispute. So the question of creating a forged report does not T Secunderabad Bangalore Power of music adanand Menon should visualise the impact of music on the human mind (“Zubin Mehta and the unequal music. people should change their perception of skin tones and make I S Bangalore http://jobs. But it will certainly not bring any harm to Kashmir. Torture is illegal and policemen who use cruel and unusual methods of interrogation must be prosecuted. Further. These ambiguities are undoubtedly a hurdle for foreign suppliers and ought to be clarified or removed. This would squarely be against public interest and appears to be legally unsustainable. the symbolism attached to it meant little for the President in the face of allegations that her office. W Gurgaon H I ht earty congratulations to Ms Davuluri on becoming Miss America. if the product supplied has patent or latent defects or the service provided is substandard. Up until this enactment.exoticablogs. But let it not bother us. Aravind. The biggest benefactor of the obsession is the cosmetic industry. including Brazil’s largest company Petrobras. originally scheduled next month. 2010 (the Act). Mysore ost of us are partial to women with a fair complexion but we do not admit it openly. Valley through music. Another point to note is that in India. on the ground that these provisions are not consistent with international norms pertaining to nuclear liability. Politics and education are poles apart. navy or the air force. SEPTEMBER 20. Durga Ravi. which is raising such a hue and cry over the Nina issue.S. Her attitude of rising above the nasty racial prejudice is commendable. attempts to wrest uneven concessions on the economic front. Terrorist? Well. By winning the title. Those coming to other parts of India from the north-east are at the receiving end of discrimination on a day-to-day basis. When the State is free to compensate victims of accidents and natural calamities. Yadav’s association with the AAP will give scope for the politicisation of the UGC is illfounded. Venugopal. And where Ms Rousseff chose to cancel her visit. Russia and France. Section 469 is about forging a document or record with the intent to cause damage or injury to the public or any person. Keith Sukhalu. it is more likely for an Indian court to adopt an interpretation that rejects an attempt at circumventing the provision of the Act by providing a waiver of a right of recourse. Ms Davuluri has indeed dropped a bombshell on a show hitherto dominated by whites. not once but twice. government leaders and ordinary citizens were spied upon. This argument is strengthened. there is little room to escape the conclusion that this is an effort at interfering with the right to freedom of the press . M Lacks credibility he Hindu’s Hyderabad Resident Editor has been unfairly slapped with a case. The punishment under these Sections is imprisonment up to three years with liability for fine as well. including those of the foreign suppliers. W T Bangalore he government has done the right thing by removing Mr. deemed it fit to deviate from these international norms owing to India’s history with industrial accidents. in nearly two decades. The award of compensation was just one small step toward correcting this and sensitising the police force. attempts to get India to phase out refrigerant gases under the Montreal Protocol. the court’s initial objection was technical: the victims. There is no reason to dilute this provision FRIDAY. it can also be argued that it would be against the public policy of India. Any product making preposterous claims of brightening the skin tone should be banned. the family members of the religious leader have stated that the DGP’s visit to their house was “personal. Parliament has framed a law that has an expansive concept of supplier liability and all entities. One would have expected Americans to be more open-minded. It is also understood that the Attorney General gave this opinion from a strictly legal point of view and not policy. inducing people to commit an offence against the state or public tranquillity. Brazil has expressed its displeasure at the highest diplomatic level.S. (Mohit Abraham is a Partner with PXV Law Partners and M. In this backdrop.com CM YK co m Hyderabad ndia’s Civil Liability for Nuclear Damages Act. Therefore. also introduced a novel concept of supplier liability in Section 17(b) by which the operator would have the ability to reclaim any compensation it may pay. An important point to note here is that a plain reading of Section 17 seems to suggest that Section 17(a). that the component does not suffer from a “patent or latent defect”. Gopal Sutar. ultimately by the taxpayers of India. Indeed. It is difficult to believe that they could emanate from a country that considers itself the leader of the new world. Kolkata he electronic media. were free to file a civil case for compensation. are subject to this law.co. the funding is also entirely by the government and. are obsessed with light complexion. The Rousseff administration is even mulling “relocating” to Brazil its citizens’ data hosted by major U. it can act as an ambassador of peace and sanity. Former President Lula da Silva suggested in an interview to The Hindu that U. Yadav from the UGC. can the operator take a stand that it would waive its right of recourse against a supplier who causes nuclear damage intentionally? The answer would obviously be no. The withdrawal of the compensation was thus bad in law and effectively subverted the ends of justice. then the right course would be for Parliament to amend such laws. Ms Rousseff’s state visit. in its wisdom.V. Section 23 of the Indian Contract Act. the nuclear operators. But it is equally true that our own society is obsessed with fair skin. The Supreme Court in Rattan Chand Hira Chand v. The speed with which the police arrested Muslim men when the perpetrators of the blast were Hindutva sympathisers shows how deeply ingrained the automatic association of Muslims with terrorism is among law-enforcers. music is not the only anodyne for the problems in Kashmir. . But in the midst of conflicts all around. The Supreme Court of India has held that a statutory right in favour of a party can be waived by such party as long as no public interest or public policy is adversely affected (see for e. They are collectively packaged as ‘Chinky’ (whether they belong to north-east India. Some of these hurdles can be avoided by providing for contractual provisions by which the Indian operator provides timely feedback to the supplier in relation to the functioning of a particular component or perhaps even certifying after a period of time of usage of the component. The actual perpetrators of the blasts had since been identified and were on trial. Let charity begin at home. Foreign Minister Salman Khurshid sought to justify the Agency’s conduct as commonplace. Section 505 (1) (a) of the IPC refers to a report that may cause failure of duty of a member of the army. Since these entities are government entities. should tell us how many women news readers or anchors are dark skinned or “wheatish” complexioned. but also that their innocence was now established beyond doubt. like Brazil. There are a few in all societies who cannot change their thinking. Merely because a contractual right of recourse in terms of Section 17(a) has been used or not used by an operator in his contract with a supplier. Recent news reports (19 September 2013. FRIDAY. I can only feel sorry for those who are obsessed with the colour of the skin. If NPCIL were to waive its right to claim subsequent compensation against a supplier who has provided a product with a “patent or latent defect” or has provided “substandard service. Even more relevant. D. Consequently. as it would be unthinkable for the government to waive a right of recourse in situations covered under Section 17(c) that deals with causing of nuclear damage with an intent to cause such damage. The fact of the visit of the DGP to a religious leader has not been denied but actually affirmed by the police. Leniency will set a bad precedent. While a strong case can be made out that such waiver would defeat the provision of the Act. and that the government needed no particular “legal basis” for paying compensation to citizens who have been the unfortunate victims of wrongful arrest and torture in criminal cases. It is therefore important to remember that the ultimate interpretation of these provisions and contractual arrangements is going to be by an Indian court in the backdrop of a nuclear incident. President Barack Obama “must apologise” for the NSA’s snooping. under nuclear liability laws. It should be borne in mind that these provisions will be interpreted by an Indian court in the context of a nuclear incident. Recruitments and appointments come with lots of dos and don’ts and any violation merits action. Zubin Mehta and his troupe tried to bring happiness to the Kashmir t is a pity that we. The Act. compensation that may be payable would have to be borne by these entities. this was not merely a case where the prosecution had failed to prove its charges in a court of law.S. under Sections 469 and 505 (1) (a) and (b) of the IPC. who was not available to comment on the issue.g. Madhava Rao. however. T Kollam T Chennai s Davuluri has been called “Arab” and “terrorist” by some social media users. It is not clear how it is relevant to The Hindu report on the DGP visiting a religious leader. The court seems to have realised that such awards are not expressly prohibited by law. But the larger issue of accountability of police officials responsible for the wrongful arrest and torture of the innocent Muslim young men remains. and other institutions.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. D. courts too have intervened to provide compensation to victims of State violence. the Bhartiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI). world a better place to live in. companies. 2013 Mohit Abraham & M. Even in India.K. M New Delhi hat a pity that the racist remarks came from the most modern and developed part of the world. A law should be enacted to regulate the promotion of such products. But let us face it — such behaviour is so typical in our great nation. can the Indian operator contractually agree with a supplier to waive its right of recourse under Section 17(b) of the Act to recover such compensation from a supplier who may have provided a component with “patent or latent defects”? Unsustainable A preliminary analysis suggests that it would be difficult to legally sustain such a blanket waiver. would have been the first by a Brazilian head of state to Washington. emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu. as it stands. BG-BG .

A whole 12 years later. in the 1996 general election. After inspecting about 1655 protected sites. it is people’s will that prevails. in the frenzied support he commands in cyberspace. neither that stunning feat nor a first invite from President Shankar Dayal Sharma set off the expected rush towards the BJP. On the streets of metro cities and even smaller towns. if the environment deteriorates again. A concerted effort should also be made to improve the representation of the minorities in the force. the governor has signalled that there will be no change in the RBI’s primary objective of reining in inflation. followed the same year by the National Conference. when its amendments to an important bill came up for voting. initiating the trend of fragmentation that persists to this day. the risks for the rupee still remain as the Fed has merely postponed the inevitable. Bangalore Inappropriate his refers to the news report “Arab countries reduced to ‘marionettes’” by Vijay Prashad (Sept. Of course. Mr. The first to go. New Delhi BG-BG . One hopes the government will pay attention to the sector now.25 percentage points. the ministry amended the Ancient Monuments. We discriminate people on the basis of their complexion. How did the minority UPA manage 284 votes when no party was in agreement with its bill? Seven months before the big fight. was Ram Vilas Paswan’s Lok Jan Shakti Party. it has drafted site-specific building regulations for only two of the 3678 protected monuments and sites. only one name is being heard: Narendra Modi. Sites and Remains Act and promised to regulate development around the monuments better. Jainulabdeen. the Soviet Union exposed the United States by shooting down an American U-2 spy plane flying over its airspace.75 percentage points cut in the marginal standing facility rate — the rate at which banks borrow overnight from the RBI — and the reduction in the minimum daily maintenance of the cash reserve ratio from 99 per cent to 95 per cent will help bring down the interest rate curve at the short end while releasing extra funds for banks to lend.” The charge has not been proved till date. Also.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. In Tamil Nadu. If the youth are not engaged judicially. was in reaction to Indira Gandhi’s assassination. The consequence of this has been to prevent any one leader from being able to win an election entirely on his or her own strength. the NMMA had managed to document only 80. T Bangalore he government should recover the compensation from the policemen responsible for falsely implicating the Muslim men. the BJP’s father organisation distinguished by its regressive outlook towards modernity. was won over and the first BJP-led government was born. Dr. who. Even where it has conducted excavations. improves institutional infrastructure and regularly monitors its performance. is there any alternative suggesting itself? D. But unlike in 1996. As many as 30 of the BJP’s seats in this election came through vote transfers by allies. the Shiromani Akali Dal. the AlADMK. Post-poll. The two of them can neither make someone Prime Minister by themselves. Earlier committees that reviewed the functioning of the ASI had also pointed out some of these inadequacies. has upheld two hoary traditions of the central bank in his maiden policy statement — its commitment to combat inflation with an unequivocal focus.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs. it is quite possible that the squeeze will be back. he exerts a gravitational pull on politics as a whole. If it is found that police acted irresponsibly. The truth is that there is no unified national vote today. The ASI has also not fared well in another core task: excavating potential sites and expanding the horizon of history. nor has a government been formed without a significant coalition. Disappointingly. and notwithstanding the UPA’s down-in. Modi’s leadership. it needs to be pointed out that what caused the slowdown were not high rates but infrastructure bottlenecks. Kesav Sundar Patnaik. A few Americans spewed venom on Nina Davuluri after she won the Miss America title not because she was unattractive but because she belonged to another race. all the amendments were defeated. thinker and intellectual. which bowed out of office in 13 days with the Akali Dal as its sole conquest. Indications so far are that Mr.S. The evidence of failure revealed is shocking. Singh. Rajan has pointed out. This has not yet happened. the BJD. SATURDAY. And unbeknown to the BJP. If this claim is correct. Eisenhower rejected the demand and the summit ended. With the rate hike. In other words. Nikita Khrushchev demanded an apology from Dwight Eisenhower just before the Big Four summit in Paris started. it could not win friends for all the inducements in the world. Kesavaraju. For the growth process to resume. The man who changed things around for the BJP was none other than Lal Krishna Advani. which confessions. However. I ur planners have not given due importance to infrastructure such as road. Modi manages to win the election by himself. and the conclusions drawn about the state of conservation are depressing. is disappointed that rates have been raised and says it will affect the recovery process.S. from day one. the UPA’s draft bill itself met with wide opposition. Rajan caught the market completely off-guard with his decision to raise the policy repo rate by 0. forget those of its two allies. So far. there has been no unified national vote.” Sept. among them the atheist Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference. The significance of this in a rapidly urbanising and demographically young country can hardly be overstated. A dislike for dark complexion and a dislike for dark race are two different things. the JD(U). and in the preterm general election held one year later.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. In Orissa. gs . Ananthamurthy who is a great writer. especially women. Unless the government restructures the ASI. Allegations and counter-allegations were made by the government and the Opposition. Instead. Though the Ayodhya warrior had consciously taken the backseat to Atal Bihari Vajpayee in the 1996 election. and in each instance citing the Gujarat violence as the reason. at the end of its five-year tenure. Industry. His credentials for leadership are there for all to see. this premiere institute spends less than one per cent of its total expenditure on this important activity. The 0. but has nevertheless given an assurance that the remaining ones are physically present. The BJP had walked a lonely path until 1984. Vamsidhar. Rajmohan. O K. and standstill policymaking. meanwhile. corruption was the biggest campaign point against the Rajiv Gandhi regime. if need be. P. And yet. T Ambassador of Egypt. S. Till Thursday. the last nation-wide wave. Yet consider the current picture in Parliament. in 1998 and 1999. who disdained the RSS. :// tp jo T bs Heritage at stake emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu. and for all the bluster of the RSS. But Dr. There were also I Ludhiana he drastic emergence of the tertiary sector made everyone forget the significance of manufacturing. enabling him to single-handedly pull off a BJP victory. the Gujarat Chief Minister’s presence at the helm has undone the one achievement that brought the BJP to power: coalition building. the DMK and the Trinamool Congress. Let us change ourselves before criticising others. the NDA had unravelled. There are serious discrepancies between the data available at the circle and sub-circle offices. Visakhapatnam Murthy & Modi annada writer U. But as it gradually became clear to the BJP’s allies. resulting in different regions voting differently. I feel dismayed and totally regret that a responsible newspaper like The Hindu could carry such a news headline. Today the BJP has only two allies. another winning alliance was taking shape under Sonia Gandhi. Ananthamurthy and people of his ilk deliberately gloss over the all-round development in Gujarat under Mr. For obvious reasons there was across-the-board political consensus on the need for a food security legislation. 2013 Vidya Subrahmaniam peculiar contradiction marks Indian politics today. 20) Brazil is in a mood to assert its sovereignty but India is in a surrender mode. and its capacity to surprise the markets. especially after the U. would jettison the party’s core agenda. Some potential partners such as the Rashtriya Lok Dal and the TDP are admittedly under cadre pressure to align with Mr. The ASI has not satisfactorily completed the basic and simple task of maintaining an error free inventory of monuments that is fundamental for regular monitoring. The Congress won 39 of 42 seats in Andhra Pradesh. expressed its position on the Syrian crisis — it was carried by The Hindu itself that we are against the use of chemical weapons and whoever makes use of them should be punished through the United Nations Security Council. History repeats t is too much to expect India to emulate Brazil whose President Dilma Rousseff has called off her state visit to Washington to express her country’s displeasure at the National Security Agency’s spying excesses (“Brazil shows the way. Modi will turn out to be true. But for all the adulation he commanded.” Sept. and who. though slow to depart the coalition.S. and the headquarters of the ASI. The message to the BJP was clear: with Hindutva-RSS in the forefront. the government created the National Mission on Monuments and Antiquities (NMMA) in 2007. he realised that the change of face had deluded none among the BJP’s potential partners. The policy stance is indeed pragmatic. The south defied the ` VP’ wave. Instead of seriously reviewing the performance audit findings and implementing corrective measures. the expectation was that the RBI would opt for a standstill policy.4 per cent in the first quarter. SEPTEMBER 21.exoticablogs. Even in the aftermath of Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination in 1991. Sowmiya. the Congress-AIADMK combine won 38 of 39 seats. While there is no guarantee that our expectations from Mr. T . the political congregation is around the Congress alliance rather than the BJP alliance. the central bank was walking a thin line after headline inflation reared its head at 6. 19). which swept the south against all predictions. Modi. A I Chennai Skin matters ndians have no moral right to protest against racism (“Pigment of our imagination. Since then the regional parties have become stronger. stating that only 21 are untraceable. a fourth member. whose popular appeal brought the entire Opposition to his door. Modi. His own Janata Dal was formed by merging the Jan Morcha with the Janata Party and the two factions of the Lok Dal. Rate helmsman he Reserve Bank of India’s new governor. A. K tic A ab lo comparison between Indians’ beauty perception and Americans’ racist perception is not proper. hopped on to the BJP bandwagon. and which isolation only ended when it surrendered the very thing that defined the party — its core Hindutva agenda. One of Sushma Swaraj’s proposals was defeated 241 to 109 votes and one of Murli Manohar Joshi’s amendments was defeated 284 to 117 votes.e xo BJP displacing the Congress as the single largest party with its own career best tally of 161 seats. women and minorities. then the CAG may have to revise its estimates and categories for the sake of accuracy. or even by winning over new allies. more parties. If Mr. In 1998. Only the place and actors change. it made a vital breakthrough in the form of seat adjustments with the Samata Party. SEPTEMBER 21. The RSS is pressing the BJP to be unapologetic about its original agenda.co. Thus began the marketing of Brand Vajpayee: the reinvented Atalji was a middle-roader. Both men are achievers in their chosen fields. Mr. Every single government formed since 1991 has been a coalition government. N. But the number of missing monuments is not the only issue. the BJP was unable to ensure the full presence of its own MPs. it hit the jackpot in combination with Naveen Patnaik’s Biju Janata Dal. the TDP. T A Gravitational pull When an emerging mass leader generates this kind of buzz. The BJP leader does offer some hope in the dismal scenario we are in. as many as 45 came through vote transfer by its allies. the premier institute mandated to protect national monuments. the exact reverse of 1996-1998 when the Atal-Advani pair sought partners on terms set by the latter. a moderate who had wearied of the Hindutva baggage. who will compensate for their sufferings? This question was lingering in my mind for quite some time. reports of investigating agencies Right move using coercive tactics to bring out he editorial “Compensating victims” (Sept.D. A case in point is V. the Ministry of Culture is squabbling over a remark on the number of missing monuments. at least the BJP-Left amendments should have gone through. Will Narendra Modi defy this trend? SATURDAY. There was not one non-UPA party that did not want an amendment pressed. K. The BJP is back today to the pre-1998 isolation that frustrated its government-forming efforts. It appears that not much has changed. The bias against the minorities should be tackled by sensitising the police. If and when the government decides to increase diesel prices. Modi’s elevation takes place. the pulsating following the Bharatiya Janata Party’s Prime Minister-in-waiting commands has not translated into a discernible political shift towards him and the BJP. these have to be corrected. His connect with the young and the middle classes is becoming increasingly apparent — in the crowds that turn up to hear him. That election was a watershed moment in Indian politics with the he Comptroller and Auditor General has indicted the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). three significant alliances contributed to the party’s overall tally of 182 seats. Chennai he editorial claims that the 2007 Mecca Masjid blasts were “perpetrated by Hindutva sympathisers. the Gujarat Chief Minister will be the first since V.exoticablogs. the Telugu Desam Party. Importantly. this may not entirely satisfy banks who have been grumbling about the tight liquidity and high short-term rates. The Left and the BJP wanted the bill further radicalised with universal rather than targeted coverage of beneficiaries. In 1999. it has decreed and ensured that Mr. And that is the preserve of the government. We will need jobs in the coming years. This itself is hard to reconcile with the image that is being crafted for Mr. both in ideological sync with the party. though submerged under reservoirs. in 2002. The ministry has contested this.1 per cent in August and GDP growth fell to 4. came on board. did depart. which meanwhile is continuing to do what it does best — keeping the inflationary demon in check.com Dharapuram CM YK co m Need for allies S. it is not time yet to unwind the rupee supporting measures that are in place now. It is yet to verify the existence of six more monuments. Seetharamaiah.000 of the 5 lakh monuments targeted. By 2004. the demographic dividend will become a demographic curse. If this happens. T T I Chennai http://jobs. Of the BJP’s 182 seats. I feel the National Commission for Minorities has given the answer by recommending that the policemen responsible for implicating innocent people pay the compensation. It has speciously argued that another 26 monuments. Egypt reiterated its position that it is against the use of force in settling conflicts and that a peaceful political solution is the only way to bring the Syrian crisis to an end. Sumit Sharma. the RSS is not just back. it is only right that victims get compensation. 20) has rightly appreciated the Andhra Pradesh High Court for recalling an earlier order that struck down the award of compensation to 70 Muslim young men wrongly arrested in connection with the Mecca Masjid blast case. In 2013. using the term ‘marionettes’ attributed to an anonymous Arab intellectual. However. Thanjavur olice arrest Muslim men whenever a blast takes place to show that they have cracked the case. Hassan am an ardent admirer of Mr. as is the case with the United Progressive Alliance government today. There are other critical shortcomings. were products of alliance making. Rajan has balanced his approach on the rate front by loosening up a bit on the liquidity tightening measures that have been in place the last two months. The 2002 Gujarat violence started the process of rethink in the allies. incredibly. the CAG reported that 92 are missing. the Congress did not win a majority. unlike then. India’s priceless heritage will slowly be lost. Brazil President Rousseff calls off her visit to the U. and transport. The spectacular Opposition unity could not decimate the Congress.” Sept. It is an open secret that police use cruel means of torture until the arrested persons ‘confess’ to the crime they are charged with. cannot be classified as missing. ht P Chennai New Delhi Important sector run Maira has rightly pointed to the need for the growth of the manufacturing sector (“Pulling manufacturing out of the rut. Ananthamurthy’s statement that he cannot think of living in a country led by Narendra Modi is similar to what Nobel laureate Amartya Sen said some time ago — that he would not want Mr. Bihar. The risk of suppressed inflation from higher energy prices undoing the beneficial impact of a bountiful monsoon was too high to be ignored. Ramesh. Modi’s BJP. Federal Reserve’s decision to postpone the tapering off of its easy money policy. In 2010. So logically speaking. Subbalakshmi. even if this means that growth has to take a backseat in the interim. Inter-ministerial disputes also cause delays. The shock was immediately felt as stock market indices nosedived and the rupee lost balance. Rama.thepits status. the change they saw in the party was cosmetic. inflation is sure to go further upwards. from Gujarat’s development in the recent years. Therefore. To sort out such issues and provide a reliable data base. was in 1984. Indeed. Anantapur n 1960. not the central bank. 27 of 28 seats in Karnataka and 14 of 20 seats in Kerala.S. Raghuram Rajan. ĭ CROSSCURRENTS the All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. from the rank of constables upwards.V. In such cases. Singh was nothing without the political support he got. The BJP for the first time picked up three seats in Tamil Nadu via its ally. history remains the same. Orissa. especially in the MSME sector. Krishnan. However. So Mr. It took two further years for the strategy to fructify but fructify it did. they should be punished. 10).G. in 2013 it is glorying in being alone. Let me add that Egypt has. But they seem to have forgotten that in a democracy. encroached upon and affected by urbanisation. and the Haryana Vikas Party. Modi to be the Prime Minister. It is an inappropriate and politically insensitive comment. Singh’s illusory single-handed victory was a product in fact of support at every stage from a conglomerate of non-Congress parties. Exoneration and release are not remedies for the suffering undergone by the innocent men. Gajenthira Siva. when it acquired the Shiv Sena as its first ally. launches a spy programme across the world. A. The Sangh has also made it clear that any potential partner would come to the BJP on the party’s terms. and in the fact that he is being projected as a leader with his pulse on the future. A. Sadly. the BJP will need allies and will seek allies. Khaled El Bakly. The BJP’s two big successes. now the Janata Dal (United). electricity. the BJP had five successful pre-poll alliances — in Andhra Pradesh. Vajpayee went into the 1998 general election with 8 major allies who included. 2013 The BJP’s ‘akla chalo’ challenge India’s political history shows that since 1984. Not just this. he will have beaten the odds and rewritten India’s political history. the Shiv Sena and the Akali Dal. Mr. another ideological opponent. But I am unable to share his views on Mr.P. complications and hurdles in getting permission to start an industry have curbed the initiative of enthusiastic entrepreneurs. 19). It is time our policymakers cleared the way for growth. The Janata Dal and a phalanx of regional parties together formed the National Front which was in turn supported in government by the BJP and the Left parties. Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. Our movies poke fun at darkcomplexioned people. Fast forward to 2013 — the U. In fact. When the arrested persons are proved innocent. nor can they prevent anyone from becoming one. when the BJP was torn about being shunned. Indeed. Modi’s early projection will trigger an infectious voting frenzy. Post-poll. The calculation obviously is that Mr. The National Democratic Alliance was founded on the agreement that all Hindutva demands would be dropped. Modi has set the opposite impulse in motion. Reaching power through alliances also meant backgrounding the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. for its miserable performance.R. His national projection is of a modern and aspirational leader but he seems to exist at the pleasure of a mentor seen as a polar opposite to these ideas. But as Dr. the ASI has not completed the projects.P Singh to have set off a personalityinduced wave.

D. Globalisation should make it possible for industry to shift better technologies to market quickly and ensure compliance with higher standards even by 2015. Musharraf shot himself in the foot. to use the hideous word. 2009. Mulayam Singh and Jayalalithaa. he might well have given the emerging Cold War a different direction. Singh added a destructive Doctrine of his own to the Nehru Doctrine: summits can be held only if results are guaranteed in advance.N.” The PM can yet do that to India-Pakistan relations. L. As with these diseases. 2004. I very political party has had great leaders. E Hassan f Mr. greater than malaria. Mr. The very next day he rejected “anything that involved upsetting the present arrangements” — the status quo. or one in eight people. the U. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi said she was “ready to discuss all questions including the Kashmir question. 1998 that the Dhaka offer had been worked out by Gujral in consultation with him. M Duggirala here is no doubt that in a democracy. Ananthamurthy feels the BJP.V. He has one now in Nawaz Sharif.” Four days later. Countries with major manufacturing capacities are working to achieve higher average efficiency in their vehicles. He might learn from the U. Those who set the S6 coach on fire are also to blame for the riots that followed. The orator was reading from a script written in the U. Modi. a simultaneous discussion of all the eight issues at the same place and on the same day in one go. the Aksai Chin road and all India would withdraw to the west of the Chinese line of 1956 — yielding positions it had never occupied. a greenhouse gas. The sharp growth in demand for petrol and diesel. The time is now. By 2007. 1960 though their stands “were so wide apart and opposed to each other that there was little ground left for useful talks”. Challenge indeed The Modi is that he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat when the 2002 communal riots took place. Mysore Unjustified riter U. she declared: “There is nothing to negotiate on Kashmir. not Nehru. Supanpreet K. In Asia. That divide on the basic approach has spelt stagnation for over half a century.8 EDITORIAL http://jobs. Noorani Road to efficiency P bs Wasted food for thought hat one-third of the food produced annually for human consumption is wasted is in itself unconscionable in a world where 870 million. It preaches devotion and tolerance for other religions. to pursue “a lasting solution to the Kashmir problem … both in its external and internal dimensions. Mr. But he can seek a revival of the four-point formula which spells no surrender by any side and will radically change the entire atmosphere in South Asia. in general. Nehru replied on November 16. Jaipur Bidar http://jobs. And these people draw their power from the blind support of the locals cutting across castes who want to promote their interests using people in power. T Kottayam BG-X . Manmohan Singh sought an escape but got stuck. A strict adherence to its ideology and lack of allies will cost the BJP more than it can anticipate. It is the greed and shortsightedness of people that are to blame.M. Sharif. the doctrine was followed by Indira Gandhi. incredibly. food that is produced. Churchill wanted to meet Stalin to explore the avenues. The report focuses on factors that contribute to the decrease in mass and nutritional value of food caused by poor infrastructure.K. At the SAARC summit at Dhaka in 1998. with the twin goals of conserving fuel and reducing the emission of carbon dioxide. I wish to point out a sentence in the article — “Interestingly.) which bound the parties to discuss “a final settlement of Jammu & Kashmir. 1972. Even then he would not negotiate on the territorial dispute. We shall not traverse solely on the beaten track of the past”. This is especially the case since studies have estimated that agricultural output would have to increase by 60 per cent by 2050 to cope with the demands of a growing population. particularly the youth who are supporting Mr. “Both sides should consider immediately implementing a ceasefire and taking other active steps to reduce tensions including moves within the SAARC context.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. HIV-AIDS and tuberculosis combined. on which he had ruled out negotiations. India and Pakistan agreed “to address” eight issues. jo T olitical activism has increased over the years because of which no one major party has been able to form a government after 1984 (“The BJP’s ‘akla chalo’ challenge. V.S. ht T . Even in my remote village.com T K. no single party appears likely to touch the magical figure of 272. in parallel. logistics and technology. H. India’s nascent efforts at introducing fuel efficiency standards need to be hastened. Mangayarkkarasi. water. was published by Oxford University Press in 2011) SKCON is an altruistic organisation operating all around the world. as alleged by some sections. Colin Powell. All parties were founded on ideologies that aimed at the uplift of the poor and the marginalised — rightly called the “wretched of the earth” by Kanwal Bharti in the article “In the name of socialism”(Sept. It also sheds light on multiple costs from food wastage that result from natural disasters. It may not be out of place to make a humble appeal to the Russian devotees of Lord Krishna to pursue the issue with restraint. including working groups. Also important is to achieve clarity of planning — the responsibility of achieving fuel efficiency should squarely lie with a single Ministry. therefore. no party follows the principles on the basis of which it was started. marketing and consumption associated with global commercial flows. As Kissinger writes “had he not lost the 1945 election. they have every right to voice their opinions. But the two are important people and their opinions matter. major criticism against Mr. The Joint Statement issued by the U. biodiversity and climate change. T because of the ‘upper’ castes or any other caste but because of people who misuse their political position. On May 6. and Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Noorani is an advocate. it will not be due to any electoral alliance but his leadership qualities. Narasimha Rao would go no further than to agree to discuss “issues related” to J&K (October 19.R. Charles de Gaulle dismissed suggestions that he talk to France’s “yes men” in Algeria (Beni Oui. If anything. Sure enough. on April 18. commodity speculation and the havoc from freak weather patterns. Multinational corporations that have resorted to such means to shore up food grain supplies in the aftermath of the global food crisis have encountered hostile resistance from native populations.e xo roducing cars and other light duty vehicles with higher fuel efficiency in a major market such as India is an imperative that cannot be delayed. only meaningful summits are. you have to negotiate with those who are firing on your soldiers. They spell a compromise and India does not recognise any interest but its own.” They knew its next summit was due in Pakistan. in particular. says the report. distributional bottlenecks and eating habits of consumers. Talks are not rejected. As individual citizens. Modi as is its prime ministerial candidate under RSS pressure. to agree to a summit with President Ayub Khan. The sentence mars the spirit of secularism. they too can be tackled with the requisite means and. on November 25. To address the ‘rebound effect’ — people driving more because cars give better mileage — it must incentivise alternative modes such as inter-city rail services and urban public transport. The world is still reeling under the combined impact of the recent rise in food grain prices. 2003. On March 14. which Mr.” (A. But. Mr. Inder Gujral. Given the intense pressure on foreign exchange reserves. With these words. M. As the Global Fuel Economy Initiative of the U. the BJP warned visitors from Pakistan against “any haste” with hints of better terms. 1962. 1997. they are a reward for good conduct. But it is also true that the spark for the riots was the burning of the Sabarmati Express at Godhra. emailed to CARTOONSCAPE Letters Letters letters@thehindu. The pattern of meeting at “the sidelines” was firmly set. Modi is a bully is unwarranted and unjustified. in his Kumarakom Musings of 2001. Ananthamurthy’s observation that Mr. :// I Coimbatore he growing acceptance of Mr. of any religion or caste. Rich nations must endeavour to mitigate further economic and environmental cost through aggressive deployment of scientific know-how and technology transfers to poor countries. everyone has the right to express his or her views. I Flawed doctrine Applied to Pakistan since 1948. he offered to Nawaz Sharif. Only a leader who is acceptable to the allies of the party that emerges the single largest can become Prime Minister. Mamata Banerjee. Param Dev Sharma. Singh. His latest book. A militarily weaker Pakistan can be dictated to. India needs an alternative. Modi among many is the result of the UPA’s misrule and anarchy. 1959. The ruinous consequences of the Nehru Doctrine were felt most acutely in the boundary dispute with China. As it embarks on the efficiency quest. Last year. are a threat to the country. 2003.” The Simla ab lo rue. Road Transport Minister Oscar Fernandes is therefore wrong to argue for an even longer delay in standard-setting on the ground that the industry is experiencing sluggish growth. the economic growth rate is down. Article 370: A Constitutional History of Jammu and Kashmir. P. Nehru rejected this offer at their summit in April 1960. despite being Christian. SEPTEMBER 23. 22) offers a glimpse into the life of Krupabai. can be independent and can fight patriarchal values. Plebiscite was for public consumption. the judicious use of available food ought to be a critical global priority. Modi is a mass leader which is why the BJP is projecting him as its prime ministerial candidate. Ouis). Modi for the top post.S. 1954 Nehru ordered that “new maps” be published showing “a firm and definite” frontier “which is not open to discussion with anybody. a ceasefire was declared in J&K and Mr. rift after 1945.N. Ramana. Nithya Mariam John.V. 2013 India’s diplomatic culture does not recognise any interest but its own. development in Gujarat and people’s faith in him. Chou wanted a political settlement.” Maps attached to two White Papers on Indian States (1948 and 1950) showed the entire boundary from the Sino-India-Afghan trijunction in the west right up to the SinoIndian-Nepali trijunction as “undefined. That metric would nearly double the efficiency of new vehicles compared to those currently being sold. the accord was nearly a signature away when Gen. This impact is in addition to the green house gas emissions that are known to result from current patterns of food production. go hungry every day.co. Supreme Court of India.” Defeated in the polls.” It is significant that it was Chou.G. India should actually look for a leapfrog effect to ensure that only the most efficient vehicles are produced and sold. Environment Programme points out. But a statesman who keeps his ear permanently glued to the ground will have neither elegance of posture nor flexibility of movement. a major manufacturing country can afford to set clear standards in advance to facilitate suitable long term investments by industry.S. He negotiated a settlement with the FLN and got rid of an albatross round his country’s neck.-U. The U. Modi by the people of Gujarat. That would avoid the kind of wrangling witnessed between the Ministries of Power and Road Transport. Jayaprakash Kallurkatte. Both obstruct India’s rise to its full stature. Bala Sundram. including “Jammu and Kashmir” and “to set up a mechanism.” But Prime Minister Gujral resiled from a tacit understanding on a separate group on J&K.1 litres of petrol and 3. Nor had he a partner in Asif Ali Zardari. This may prove dangerous. administration presented new average efficiency standards for vehicles that will be sold in 2025. New Delhi Kaveripatnam Vizianagaram Go-by to ideology Need for restraint B y anointing Mr. but not eaten. he abysmal state Uttar Pradesh finds itself in is not Dharmapuri CM YK co m Destructive addition This is precisely the course which his successor followed with sincerity and quiet grit. Prices of essential commodities have spiralled. Nehru had missed the point. The carbon footprint of wasted meat in high income regions is to the extent of 67 per cent. Fortunately he had a sincere partner in Dr.” September 21). unemployment has increased. despite the Mumbai blasts of 2008 and his party’s despicable betrayal after the SharmEl-Sheikh Joint Statement on July 16. Modi has a huge following on social media. people are discussing Mr. MONDAY.exoticablogs. and Mr Modi. and the rising burden of oil imports make that a priority. on “the sidelines” of a Bush-Blair summit prescribed a detailed procedure which India and Pakistan quietly followed — end to terrorism and respect for the LoC. seems not only far-fetched but also too optimistic. He pledged. Nehru’s stand and the war of 1965 rendered a plebiscite impossible until Pervez Musharraf came out with his fourpoint formula. Krupabai’s life bears testimony to the fact that an Indian woman. the PM was attacked for yielding too much. vehicle manufacturers should welcome the Power Ministry’s notification on fuel efficiency norms and its 2017 deadline — already pushed back from 2015 — for compliance. Rahuri rishna devotees the world over are pained to note that hostility and suspicion to the Hare Krishna movement are still prevalent in Russia. as it enables long-term planning. 1967. on “the sidelines” of an international conference. Chief among the constants is the flawed doctrine on negotiations enunciated by Jawaharlal Nehru on August 14.5 miles per gallon of petrol. The European Union also has a target of 4. and a leading constitutional expert. W Rangia r. In the wake of the war with China. They are.” remained a dead letter. determine who will be India’s Prime Minister (Letters. f you want a lasting peace. But we do not live apart from the wide world.K. It was foolish to extend that treatment to China. food ranks as the third emitter after the United States and China. Not to mention losses from perishables such as fruit and vegetables. even though the movement was legalised in 1988 (“Krishna yet to win Russian hearts.S. 2003. A United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation report now says that this high volume of wastage that occurs right through the food supply chain exerts an adverse impact on land. Modi’s future is still very uncertain. “There is a world of difference between negotiations and talks … Talking must be encouraged whenever possible. 1993).” Sept. The Jnanpith award winner should accept the mandate given to Mr. it was to secure acceptance of the status quo in Kashmir. He was “always ready to meet” but demanded prior Chinese withdrawal in Ladakh to the east of the boundary depicted in his own maps of 1954. China has been following a policy of mandated performance levels for each vehicle coming under specific weight classes. Ananthamurthy and Professor Amartya Sen cannot. of 54. because they are irrelevant. 1962. But.G.S. Vajpayee attended the SAARC summit in Islamabad in January 2014. Such an extremely unproductive use of land is hard even to contemplate given the current scramble for fertile and wet lands in Africa and parts of Asia.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. Advani said. Clearly. political will. communal conflicts have risen and corruption is unprecedented. Agreement (July 2. the culture of India’s diplomacy disdains negotiations. It is unfair to criticise them for exercising their democratic right. There could be “no negotiations” on the basis that the boundary was undefined.” This was said in the context of the dispute with China. P Bathinda tp f the BJP wins the election under Mr. Ananthamurthy should know the mood of the nation. SEPTEMBER 23. They should not be aggressive in the propagation of Krishna Consciousness. excessive supply. Prashant Reddy.” On July 1. Prime Minister Vajpayee revealed on May 24. Rajesh Chintamaneni. India wants a change — and not just for the sake of change. Dr. In the Joint Statement issued on June 23. A Christian woman in India is an Indian woman in every sense. While I appreciate the writer’s talent in sketching the life of one of the most talented women of India. Jayapal. which is why the country is still saddled with the Kashmir dispute and the boundary issue with China A.” But Nehru asked on December 21 “how can we reach an agreement on principles when there is such complete disagreement about the facts?” He relented on February 5. I Siddipet Disturbing he article “Her early voice” (Sept. Sankararao. where the BJP hardly has a presence. Honest introspection on some constants in our diplomacy since independence will help to explain why we are still saddled with the 66-year-old Kashmir dispute and the 54year-old boundary dispute with China. Entire India voting for the Hinduvta credentials of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. All this. China’s reply of December 17 proposed accord by the PMs on “principles as a guidance to concrete discussions and settlement of the boundary question. and encourage money and muscle power. China moved to implement new vehicle efficiency standards from 2005 to conserve oil and. The game deciders will be regional leaders such as Mayawati. nowadays.6 litres of diesel per 100 km for 2020. China wants a political accord. 21). The leaders meet. Ranganathan. Every edition of Aitchison’s authoritative compilation of India’s Treaties said that its “northern as well as the eastern boundary of the Kashmir State is still undefined. Modi in 2014. Vajpayee’s remark at Srinagar. in October 1962. The Congress-led UPA 2 government has failed on all fronts. to avoid the slightest emphasis on Kashmir. occupies close to 30 per cent of the world’s agricultural land. exploring the idea of a leader with an authoritarian style — a superman-like protagonist who can “rescue” them. As Abba Eban wrote: “It is unrealistic to expect political leaders to ignore public opinion. Secretary. who sought a summit on November 7.exoticablogs. But. the BJP has deviated from the basic principles of parliamentary democracy. Moreover. Cumulatively. All parties use their founders and eminent leaders for advertisement and propaganda. Anglo-American pressure compelled Nehru on November 29. Those who want a corruption free India will surely think of him. The PMs would settle the framework (“the principles”) for the officials to follow up — the McMahon Line in the east and acceptance of the status quo in Ladakh. Indians are fed up with the numerous scams that have taken place under the UPA government and have lost faith in the effectiveness of checks and balances. 21). Saidatta Gampa. But Mr. He cannot settle anything when he meets Mr. to encourage the industry to bring in better technologies. 2013 Time for honest introspection MONDAY. checkmated. above all. Mr. he should mitigate the threat by participating in building the future of India. and British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw on March 27. you don’t negotiate with those with no blood on their hands. When Nehru met Pakistan’s Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan in London in October 1948 at the first Commonwealth Prime Ministers’ Conference.G. foiled him. The Prime Minister can take up the matter gently during his visit to Russia next month. Ravish Kumar Jha. processing. On Kashmir. 21) — belonging to different castes and classes. the already high carbon footprint from the cultivation of cereals is compounded by huge volumes of wastage owing to inadequate storage facilities. Sept. her New Woman is basically any Indian woman in a rapidly changing social situation” — which raises a question. Maheswar Deka. that Kashmir should be solved within the framework of humanity (insaniyat ke daire mein) drove some in the media to ecstatic praise. In the existing political scenario. Branding such an organisation fanatical is unfortunate. tic T gs . Modi represents. by themselves. K Hemant Mane. Under-nourishment and hunger remain the biggest risks to health today. India cannot afford to delay its own programme on the wrong premise that it will affect the growth of the automotive industry. “The BJP alone can find a solution to our problems with Pakistan because Hindus will never think whatever we have done is a sell out.

In the long term. Dealing with child offenders through a different and exclusive system of justicing received a fresh and renewed impetus with the passage of the U. In the words of Lord Woolf: “In the case of both these young men. We could begin lessons on valuing food at homes and centres of education. With the twin challenges of hunger and undernourishment looming large. this is the single biggest step towards a political settlement of the conflict.S. the Juvenile Court had been replaced by a three-member Juvenile Justice Board (a magistrate and two social work members). T Madikeri Thiruvananthapuram here can be no lasting solution to the Kashmir issue until both India and Pakistan reach an understanding that is based on goodwill.000 crore worth of food grains are wasted in India every year due to poor storage and transportation. Pakistani students were taken on tours to many Indian institutes and companies. It should not resist the powersharing with the Council that is provided under the 13th Amendment.S.N. the new partnership will most likely turn its attention towards building momentum towards Southeast and East Asia. just as the Air Asia venture should give it a firm footing in the domestic sector by reaching out to tier two and tier three towns. P. and later run by a governor appointed by Colombo. custodial sentence under Section and a Member of the Juvenile Justice Draft15 (1) (g) was to be limited to a maximum of ing Committee and Chairman of the J J three years.S. tourists. system even for the most brutal crimes a juvenile is tried by a Youth Court. The huge turnout conveyed its own message about the importance of this election for the voters. Narayanan. therefore. For example. and reducing the juvenile age limit to 14 or 12 years. Chennai I Hyderabad t is unfortunate that the government is “convinced” that the NSA programme is “not actually snooping. Back in the late-1990s. SEPTEMBER 24. It is possible to resolve any issue. not a fact.exoticablogs.” which is the mean between 15 and 22 years.e xo emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. 1985. Asokan. 2013 B. in 1920. the September 21 vote gives the war-ravaged North its first-ever democratic political set up that will share governance with the centre.S. regardless of their past deeds and misdeeds.S.N. and students from India are exploring farther and newer destinations.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Salini Johnson.exoticablogs. as evidenced by the U. The government financed the travel. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was a great humanitarian and India misses him. and know how to protect our territorial integrity and sovereignty. Scientists in the 2012 Rio conference on sustainable development urged action not only on reducing consumption. the partnership with SIA will help it establish itself as a vital connector between Indian metropolises and major international routes.N. a return to the aviation sector makes sense and provides an additional dimension to the expanding Tata empire under a new leadership. the information before me makes it clear that they have done all that is open to them to redeem themselves. is still saddled with the Disturbing India Kashmir dispute only because of its patience and respect for the neighbour which was once part of India. Every big endeavour begins with tiny steps. H. India’s response — that it is not surveillance — shows how dependent we are on the U. offences by the young represent a failure of family. it is necessary to avoid food wastage.V. Tatas will hold a 51 per cent stake in the new airline. and for the first time since the 1988 election for the short-lived North-Eastern Provincial Council. An ecofriendly alternative needs to be put in place.’ While the Jet Airways-Etihad deal focuses entirely on West Asia and Europe. but it did inspire brain science experts to undertake a scientific exploration of the adolescent brain system and establish that any The roots of Indian juvenile justice can be traced to the 1920s when the Indian Jail Committee. Our peace is only a proclamation. it looks like its space could very easily be filled by the proposed airline. While their crime remains horrendous. the most visible form of food wastage occurs in the name of sophisticated but pointless practices such as providing food on flights. jo W bs Welcome on board he terror attacks in a Nairobi mall and a church in Peshawar. For the Tata group. aggravated assaults and robbery) and narcotic crimes. Varadarajan. The dire predictions that the Sri Lanka Army would use its overwhelming presence in the province to influence the outcome of the election proved incorrect.com bout Rs 60. I am scared to talk to my son living abroad or even greet him on Facebook. expertise. Poovanna Kuttetira. saying the government should distribute food grains free to the poor instead of letting them rot. Need for reforms The juvenile justice system is in operation throughout the country but very little effort has gone into creating the required infrastructure and developing skilled manpower. for the first time. re-criminalisation model has hardly any relevance for India where. under the influence of brain science research. T . provided we approach it with an open mind. 2013. The continued spiral of violent juvenile criminality evidenced in several school shooting cases involving juveniles less than 15 years led Congress to further tighten the re-criminalisation noose by leaving transfer or waiver to prosecutorial discretion without due process safeguards for many new kinds of delinquencies. TUESDAY. particularly the limitation of three years on custodial sentence.B. under the U. Singapore Airlines is sure to bring value to this partnership. Bangalore he NDA government took some laudable steps to improve ties with Pakistan but it never got the credit for it. when the U. For its part.” However. in 2000. evidence that the Tamils do not view this development agenda as their own. the age of juvenility was (The author is a former Professor of Law raised for the male child from 16 to 18 years. It was during the NDA regime that the government bore the expenses for the treatment of baby Noor Fatima. just because the public is angry with juvenile criminals. gs .K. Sri Lanka’s ruling United Progressive Front Alliance.S. handing down a bare three-year custodial sentence to the juvenile member. which share responsibility for the development of America’s youth. 1986. the Tamil National Alliance swept the election. As expected.” Indians ought to know why the NSA was spying on India. Ramakrishna. the most urgent reform in the juvenile justice law is to enhance the ranking of custodial sentence and increase its maximum limit. I offered him water and asked him: “Why are we fighting?” His dying words were: “Till such time as our understanding of religion is blind. At a time when competition in the skies has intensified so much. we will continue fighting. without getting bogged down by rhetoric such as Kashmir is irrevocably an integral part of India and. around 550 billion cubic metres of water are used to grow crops and the demand for water in food production may reach 13 trillion cubic metres a year if we do not A CM YK co m Bangalore he August 31 verdict of the Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) in the Delhi gang rape case.6 to 2. recommended a distinct and comprehensive handling of child offenders.1 per cent of the total crimes (as against half of the total crime rate in the U. are deeply disturbing. S. Pande deviant behaviour is a function of two distinct sets of brain systems. Spring 2012) thus: “Adolescents should be viewed as inherently less responsible than adults.B. etc. Which government is in power is irrelevant. for an open and free discussion with an honest intention of arriving at a solution in tune with the wishes and aspirations of the people of Kashmir. things changed dramatically as the 1990s witnessed a shift towards retributive juvenile justice policy. The international community should evolve a coordinated action plan against terrorism. SEPTEMBER 24. should we disregard scientific evidence and reverse the long-accepted juvenile justice policy? become very controversial. norms Brain science insights ithin months of entering into a three-way joint venture with Air Asia and Telestra Tradeplace Pvt. It would also make sense for Singapore investors to take up two of the six major airports to be privatised in India. 1922 and 1924 respectively. who made clear his moderate views and desire for a constructive partnership with Colombo. a similar deal was almost clinched but the government of the day dithered and both partners bailed out.N. they believe there is potential in air traffic in India — both domestic and international. Evidently.Waste Not. For the Tamil-majority province that was first under the thumb of the LTTE. third. In Re Rebert Thompson and Jon Venables. Kentucky (192 U. Businessmen. Particularly problematic is the limitation of a maximum period of three years for a custodial sentence. However.S. In line with U. and scores of letters to the editor) as well as the pending Special Leave Petition in the Supreme Court (Dr. unlike many of our neighbours. This points to the highly flawed and injudicious distribution of food across the world. 1919-20. in Stanford v. This new juvenile justice law differed from the earlier laws in three important respects: first.N. A substantially large percentage of juvenile crimes related to offences involving confrontation with victims (homicides. especially in underdeveloped countries. especially in the name of religion. As for the dispute with China. which will take quite some time to really take off. Of the three.co. Bir Singh Sangwan. 1989 — both the instruments are duly ratified by the Government of India. including Kashmir. but the capacity relevant to decisions about criminal culpability continues to mature till young adulthood. especially on the IT front. Supreme Court. Washington.” Sept. Rakesh Bharti. Held more than four years after the war against the LTTE ended. The massive preferential mandate for its chief ministerial candidate. begins now. Whether or not Kingfisher airlines returns to the skies. Wigneswaran. Ltd. It won 30 out of 38 seats in the council. It has been proved once again that technology can be good or bad depending on the person who uses it. including children. Increasing instances of terrorism across the world have become a formidable challenge to global peace and security.com THE HINDU I NOIDA/DELHI. and. Convention on the Rights of the Child. Murthy. The age issue was resolved very much under U. It would also do well to rethink its project on scrapping or diluting the constitutional provision for devolution. the socio-emotional system and the cognitive control system that involve different regions of the brain which mature along different timetables. finally gets its premier airline to partner a trusted ‘friend. was almost half the total crime rate) as well as extraordinary violence and brutality of juvenile crimes.” Raising the age to 18 was later supported by brain science scholars like Laurence Steinberg who takes it as “presumptive age of majority. Varadhachari.8 EDITORIAL http://jobs.” I offered him a salute as a parting tribute. I Delhi ND-ND . As a sequel to the U.S. school and social system. the Juvenile Justice Act. are supported by later brain science researchers such as Laurence Steinberg who argues in his paper “Should the Science of Adolescent Brain Development Inform Public Policy?” (Issues in Science and Technology. As a strong response. In many States. even when crimes they are convicted of are identical. However. The J J Act 2000 has expanded the ambit of the law and created an obligation to cater to the adjudicatory and custodial needs of the 16-18 age group. What do religious fanatics achieve by killing innocent people? Religion and faith are meant to ennoble a person. Globally. Congress felt compelled to resort to a “get tough” approach. The ratification of CRC 1989 in 1992 and the submission of Action Taken Report led to the enactment of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000. the juvenile delinquency rate has ranged between 1. 23). Vasumathi P. which is nothing but absurd rhetoric in the name of patriotism.” Sept.” Therefore. New Delhi would do well to invite all stakeholders. was enacted with a view to imparting uniformity and bringing juvenile justice in line with the current international trends.361 at 395-96 (1989)). I found a Pakistani Major dying in pain from a wound that ran deep. Thus competence-related abilities mature by 16. According to Global Food . but also on slowing population growth. JJB). Want Not. Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice. The Tata group has made it clear that its commitment to Air Asia remains and that the latter was aware that it was finalising a new deal. leading to the amendment of the Federal and State juvenile justice laws by introducing transfer proceedings before the court in all cases where a juvenile above 15 years was involved in a violent crime or narcotics crime. and expressed their readiness to work with the new set-up in the North. I recall an incident that happened in the Sialkot sector during the 1965 India-Pakistan war. Raju. because the U. Food for thought t is shocking to learn that onethird of the food produced annually for human consumption is wasted (“Wasted food for thought. including Chennai. Testing time for Jaffna. Even the Supreme Court has taken note of the colossal loss. in recent times. Such a short period is neither justifiable on grounds of deterrence nor adequate for any kind of reform programme.” Therefore. In fact. for a period between 2001 and 2011. In terms of management. it has made a good start by stating that its victory represents the wish of the people for adequate self-rule within a united and undivided Sri Lanka. These findings of the MacArthur Foundation.N. it should also consider a constructive dialogue with the fundamentalists to make them understand that killings cannot be justified in the name of religion. t is paradoxical that food is wasted despite ample production. Technological progress over the years has rendered the common man insecure. the U. which is a gateway to the East. 23).S..S.D. but sentenced at Her Majesty’s pleasure. Supreme Court ruling in Roper v Simmons (2005).R. which prohibited sentencing juveniles of crimes other than homicide to life without parole. leading to the enactment of the Children Act in several progressive provinces like Madras. regulate our wastage. Colombo ri Lanka has crossed an important milestone toward national reconciliation with the holding of elections to its Northern provincial council. I heard a cry of pain emanating from a sugarcane field. West Bengal and Bombay. are and will be a democracy. Rules of 1985. both Tata and SIA could and should provide good value for passengers. Anjali Sreekumar. Ramanathan. and facilities. I T I Thanjavur ndia often boasts of a tough law to deal with data piracy.N. The government must respect the TNA’s mandate.K. R.). Subramanian Swamy Vs. the provisions relating to sentencing. the age limit was waived altogether. Given its reach and reputation. is a clear sign that the people of Northern Sri Lanka are with him. But what we see around us is hatred being perpetrated in the name of religion.N. no negotiation is possible. the Tata group has now joined hands with Singapore Airlines to launch a fullservice airline. including militants and Islamabad. are the weakest link in the juvenile justice law that calls for unmediated reform. Singapore. Committee is the very low age of criminal responsibility … And possibility of trying boys between 16-18 as adults. the effect of overpopulation plays a crucial part in human calamity and the word “population” is tactfully not mentioned. as well as the west coast of the U. Steering clear of the extreme nationalist pronouncements by Tamil diaspora organisations. Tata was the founder of Air India before it became a government-owned undertaking. has generated a fresh round of debate on the legality and desirability of juvenile justice itself: why should juveniles above 16 indulging in violent crimes not be treated as adult criminals? Why should juveniles who are privy to a heinous crime not be given the same punishment as others? Why should our juvenile justice law not follow the 1990s American society’s ‘get tough with violent juveniles’ approach? The debate has spilled over to visual and print media (Aparna Viswanathan’s article in The Hindu. Committee on the Rights of the Child in its 23rd Session vide Resolution 26 and 27 (dated 23/02/2000) expressly observed: “Of particular concern to the U. Considering that the late J. forcible rapes. there has been a crisis of expectations that divided them again. Member. September 9. Therefore. Such a shift was the outcome of a massive rise in the incidence of juvenile offences (the rate of juvenile offending in the U. senior ministers in President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s cabinet have correctly described the election and the TNA win as a victory for democracy. which fielded candidates of the Eelam People’s Democratic Party. the eastern neighbour wants to bully all the countries in Asia. S. there must be good reason for the two partners to have come together again to launch a new airline. Residential institutions can join hands with NGOs to ensure that leftover food reaches the needy.) and of these only 5 to 8 per cent are violent crimes like murder and rape (as against a substantial percentage of violent crimes in the U. though.. 2013 Justice cannot follow a tough act Equating juveniles with adult criminals is neither scientifically correct nor normatively defensible TUESDAY. Tonnes of plastic and food are churned out every year from airports. the latter two have Rules 2007 Drafting Committee) ab lo CARTOONSCAPE ht Coimbatore NSA spying he news of the National Security Agency’s surveillance programme is hardly shocking. The real test. T :// New Delhi tp he shooting spree in Nairobi and the bomb blast in Peshawar are condemnable. second. However. killing innocent civilians. the re-criminalisation trend appears to be abating. during which meaningful reform programme can be implemented to ensure that the juveniles in conflict with law are really redeemed and society feels it is adequately protected. and our education and culture do not recognise love and brotherhood. Airlines the world over have understood the traffic and tourist potential of India in particular. and must begin to seriously consider progressive devolution on police and land. strongly endorsed the observation of the Task Force on Sentencing Policy Towards Young Offenders thus: “Youth crime … is not exclusively the offender’s fault. We were. pressure. including the Delhi gang rape juvenile. leaving no doubt about who represents the Tamils. blatant betrayal of trust. Our weddings and festivals are other instances of food wastage. Similarly. they are entitled to credit for this. the House of Lords was required to decide a matter of tariff and Chief Justice Lord Woolf agreed on an eight-year sentence because the main object of juvenile sentencing was to reform and ultimately rehabilitate the juvenile. wherever he is. But the reality is different. Similarly. won only seven seats despite having poured in huge amounts of money into infrastructure building in the North. and the U. the first Central law on the subject. There is a high degree of vulnerability of data and voice. The government should demand an explanation on the I Chennai Bahadurgarh http://jobs. S T The American model Our juvenile justice makes no distinction between the age group or the violent or nonviolent criminality of the juveniles just like American society till the end of the 1980s. The resumption of India-Pakistan cricketing ties in 2003 was another initiative. and Asia in general. Honest introspection ndia and Pakistan are both guilty of diverting the money desperately required for alleviating the shameful poverty in their countries to strengthen their armed forces and justifying it citing the “Kashmir issue” (“Time for honest introspection. which abolished the juvenile death penalty and later in a 2010 ruling in Graham v Florida. C. which has been looking at India closely since 1991. Past events show that whenever the two countries have moved a step forward. in the U. and should be punished less harshly than adults.P. namely. then the military. accommodation and medical treatment of 20 more Pakistani children. P. to start a low-cost domestic airline. the TNA must avoid the urge to overinterpret its mandate. T tic There was very little scientific basis for the American re-criminalisation aberration.S. without caring for their special needs.S. The Sri Lanka Muslim Congress won a single seat.

but there are also domestic causes on both sides. Kadapa tudies have shown that many Indian children are abused sexually or in some other form. The ruling Pakistan Muslim League (N) is under pressure from its own constituents who are sympathetic to the TTP. his Interior Minister fudged in Parliament that there was no clarity on who had carried out the attack.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. On the list for this year’s summits. and with 311 seats is only five short of an absolute majority. Ramachandran.S. should respect the mandate. and killed three soldiers including two senior officers to underline this demand. the country is in the grip of a network of militant groups. squaring the ideological circle will require flexibility on both sides. National Security Adviser Shivshankar Menon emphasised the durability of the ties that have developed in the last decade.S. Indeed. Madhwani. meted out to juveniles committing heinous crimes will surely act as a deterrent. Swift to condemn these killings and talk down the peace initiative. for juveniles involved in brutal crimes. though not entirely unwillingly. because a ‘Red-Red-Green’ coalition. One hopes the Rajapaksa government will work for lasting peace. Chennai hy should our treatment of violent juvenile criminals be so simple? Adults can misuse children to commit crimes because they know juvenile offenders are released in just three years even in the worst cases. Senators signed on to a letter to Secretary of State John Kerry repeating the complaints.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. They could all be upstaged by a possible summit between Barack Obama and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. German voters across the board see Ms Merkel as having saved the Eurozone with a bailout and tough austerity measures for Greece. will not be of great significance because the circumstances of what go into a successful summit do not exist.S. Ms Merkel is the third postwar German Chancellor to win three successive terms. the offender should be tried as an adult.S.-India ties will rest on a community of shared interests. Even so. Pakistan needs to develop a new vision of itself. The verdict in favour of the TNA is encouraging. Briefing journalists on Air Force One last week. the context is domestic politics. Besides being flawed in its execution — like many other government schemes — the Aadhaar scheme encountered many reservations from civil society to a parliamentary standing committee. one of the grounds was: “That the girl who is mentally disturbed invented this lie to get out of the life at the Chindwada Ashram.V.S. the SPD has its own questions to face.7 per cent vote-share. can be hanged. Harikrishnan. A 16-year-old may not be mature but another may have matured at 14. T election to the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. whereby 299 members of the federal lower chamber. So any development toward resolving that situation would be good news. calculations of stability in Afghanistan and South-east Asia. 11 months. natural allies. Bangalore he apex court order that no citizen should be denied benefits for not possessing the Aadhaar card. In this larger scheme of things. the U. 18) is wholly false. it will be lucky just to put the Indian growth story back on the rails by then. The order has come as a respite to many households. In his remarks to the Aspen Institute India last week.S.S. The obsession of the Republican Party in undoing the healthcare law promoted by President Obama is a case in point. their history in Pakistan pre-dates the U. tic T ab lo CARTOONSCAPE he arguments advanced in favour of juveniles are true for even young adults who are above the cut-off age. India has been a victim of cross-border jihadi groups. The real explanation for the stasis that has gripped India-U. Bangalore tp :// jo ht itizens can breathe easy. Obama’s itinerary in his June tour of Africa. the voters may well discover that it was not enough to elect a Chancellor on personal approval alone. even the UNGA.S. The interim order is a big blow to the UPA government. which denounces Pakistan’s democratic constitution and says its aim is to establish its own rule over the country. the Free Democratic Party (FDP). and provide an opportunity for the two leaders to chart a course towards en(The writer is a Distinguished Fellow at hanced trade. I am yet to get it. in 2020 India will not be the global player it was hoping to be. The Aadhaar card can act as a check on immigrants who settle down here without the necessary papers. “Biodata presence with regard to educational activities and documents with regard to disease of victim . mounting deficits. relations since 2008 WEDNESDAY. Obama is now in a bind because of Israel’s customary intransigence.K . one wonders how secure our biometric details are. — degrading infrastructure. I pointed out what it said in the report about the result of the investigation. Abbas and Mr.” Sept.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. With its diminished status in today’s multi-polar world. mainly because of its perceived Communist inheritance from the erstwhile German Democratic Republic. there is a convergence of interests though New Delhi shies away from exploring where that leads. as far as the U. Ram Jethmalani. A T rich-poor divide. N. succeed it must. which lacks the resources to take on Beijing. but their own banks have had huge bailouts. including the death sentence. or “working visits. K.S. no less. gs .S. it nearly stumbled into another one in Syria a month ago.exoticablogs. It has lost core support for its part in the 2005-09 Grand Coalition with the CDU and for its own earlier changes in labour law. he is yet to articulate a policy to back his declared progressive intentions. the Pakistan Army stopped short of articulating the next step. Where does the Manmohan-Obama summit fit in all this? The relationship between India and the U. Harsh punishment. It is not just a matter of the disputed border. girls/women have made false accusations of rape — a disease called fantasy.S. not to reverse the decision to initiate peace talks. played a significant role in propping up India as a model democratic developing country. thanks to the Supreme Court. they seem to be headed for an even more serious clash over Iran’s nuclear programme and the tightening of American sanctions. After the hearing in court. D ats off to retired judge K. investment.S. There have been several speeches and statements on the eve of the Prime Minister’s visit to Washington — U. and development cooperation between the U. I Chennai D. Pande asks whether we should disregard scientific evidence and reverse the long accepted juvenile justice policy just because the public is angry with juvenile criminals (Sept. has poisoned international politics for the past three decades.com B y giving a huge mandate to the Tamil National Alliance in the T CM YK co m New Delhi Women by Uttar Pradesh-based IPS officer Amitabh Thakur (“Complaint lodged with NCW against Jethmalani. as many as 40 U. The lost decade Dealing with Israel For Mr. even though it clearly has a say. is concerned. New Delhi) India. 30 days old. but if for any reason Europe’s economic giant finds its international political reticence tested. one day older. has been described in many ways: estranged democracies. In geopolitical terms. invasion of Afghanistan after 9/11. as putative allies and democracies. he said Prime Minister Singh’s visit would “highlight India’s role in regional security and stability. passport and other permanent identification. relations since 2008 is largely economic. leading U. it now seems certain that we are in the midst of our lost decade. In other words. SEPTEMBER 25. including Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf which rules the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Rishabh Sriwastava. While the world economic crisis is one cause. In June. Political leaders of Tamil Nadu. leader in nine years in office. the showpiece of the UPA. In the past year or so. That does not mean young adults around 20 can also be dealt with softly. That is because recent history and geography pit India against China. is a huge setback to its think tank. in the matter of the U. India is playing a role in American geopolitical calculations in Asia. With the Greens opposed to joining hands with Ms Merkel and a CDU-SPD coalition now the most likely outcome. I made no statement of the kind attributed to me [by the complainant]. but only through constant engagement can New Delhi drive home the point that Pakistan has the most to lose from the unchecked activities of terrorists. All other issues — increased trade.S.S. Later that month. Ravichandran. and its allies which are aimed at “balancing” China. Today. In the bail application of the accused.” Parsing his words — India is increasingly important to U. his sixth bilateral summit with the U. Having put his foot in it by clearly defining the emerging Palestinian state. too. I enrolled for the Aadhaar card on February 1. which failed even to reach the 5 per cent threshold and now has no presence in the Bundestag. which actually would have 319 seats in the Bundestag. a biometric card is necessary in Is it necessary? view of the increasing acts of violence and terror. but that is where we could find the biggest problems when their interests diverge. Congress is obsessed with is undermining the Obama presidency. The government should take steps to remove the irritants and implement the scheme forcefully.S.e xo emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. Peer Steinbrück’s Social Democratic Party (SPD). The worst result was that of the former coalition partner. Then. the defining partnership of the twentieth century. and upon these advantages it has constructed the richest and most powerful nation on earth.V. In the 1950s and 1960s. the show must go on. if anything. Despite the smart rise in its vote share. court tells Centre.. came a distant second. There are a hundred and one problems confronting the U. gic partners.S. 24). and so on. business interests in India. But the government kept bulldozing people and even linked the LPG subsidies to the magic number. The petitioner does not pretend that he has discovered the final truth. Rajahmundry he government cannot violate its international obligations. SEPTEMBER 25. they were set up by the Pakistani security establishment as instruments of its strategy for Afghanistan and Kashmir. Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan. though this is not an unimportant issue. The answer is a resounding “yes. All my reminders have gone in vain. in order to deal with them. there is one word to describe them.” Sept. Puttaswamy for his public interest litigation plea which has resulted in a landmark order by the Supreme Court on the Aadhaar card (“Don’t tie up benefits to Aadhaar.5 per cent of the vote. is aware that India is unlikely to become its ally in the way that Japan. The government should strengthen all institutions involved in the juvenile justice system and sensitise common people on the subject. In the past. The other point is about percentages — that juvenile crime in India is low. development cooperation — are aimed at raising India’s capacity to meet these challenges. The estrangement between Iran and the U. which is this: in a deep arc from the prosperous Punjab province to the north-west. rather than shared values. BG-BG . This is not the first time that India is playing this role. Tirumala Prasad Redddy. are elected by simple majority in individual constituencies and 299 by party-list proportional reckoning (the decisive element).Prakasa Rao. They are vulnerable and can take to crime. A. ration card. That may suit the German electorate at present. which have harmed lowerincome groups and may breach the constitutional principle of human dignity. 2013 Nothing to write home about The Manmohan-Obama meeting at the U.co. The Indian economy is sagging and the complaints of Indian businessmen against the Byzantine ways of New Delhi echo those of their American counterparts. This time it has blocked an attempt by the government to foist an identity scheme using a technological smokescreen. it is Washington that finds it expedient to use the event for some old-fashioned diplomacy. Vazuthur Raghavan. the September 22 German general election saw a resounding win for the incumbent Chancellor Angela Merkel and her Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU). But they should not be punished till they are 17 years. C . it would seem that India and the United States are destined to be “natural allies. But they turned out in large numbers to vote.” I did submit before the court that medical books record that in some disorders. W T Bangalore he article should serve as an eye-opener to those demanding rigorous punishment. The JJ Act is not without flaws but demands for its amendment must be in conformity with legal provisions. Prakash F. driving licence. Prime Minister Singh’s visit. U. That is where they will get their principal sustenance.3 percentage points from the 2009 election. Mr.” Science is not gospel. the moderates who espoused the cause of Sri Lankan Tamils were brutally eliminated by the LTTE. Time to meet the terror challenge terrorist attack in a church in Peshawar has added more than 80 to the grisly death toll of recent years in Pakistan. At the end of the day. a deepening social divide between conservatives and liberals — but all that the U. should keep themselves away if they want the community to live in peace. The government’s confusion is now plain. The Left Party and the Alliance/The Greens saw respective falls of 3. But it seems determined to expend its natural capital at a furious rate. And the real problem with Israel is the intractable issue of Palestine. is uniquely gifted in its geographical location and natural resources. The petitioner is convinced that in this design the girl has been helped by someone else and the petitioner is making inquiries about it. the Bundestag. 24). WEDNESDAY.” I asked the court to direct the police to disclose the material they may have collected about the disease. M. Deputy Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter spoke in New Delhi of the importance of the Defense Trade and Technology Initiative aimed at upping India’s defence capabilities. Yet the country’s leadership is in disarray about how it should respond to this ghastly act because of a reluctance to call out the reality. less than the death penalty. Battered in Iraq.S. let us put our weight behind the democratically elected party. all this only underlines the importance of the proposed meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Mr. especially for countries such as India which have important geopolitical stakes in good relations with Teheran. Durga Prasad. that make it seem increasingly inward looking and divided. in the wake of the NSA’s snooping programme. While Prime Minister Sharif said after Sunday’s church bombing that it would “be difficult” to take the dialogue initiative forward. do we really need another ID in the form of the Aadhaar card? It is time the UPA think tank reviewed the merits of the unique identification card. and the Observer Research Foundation. much to the discomfiture of New Delhi. G. who drew the bottom line.exoticablogs. not quite rid of its military commitments in Afghanistan. the U. But T Clear verdict Clarification he complaint that was reported to have been lodged with the National Commission for New Delhi http://jobs.” are Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.3 and 2. General Assembly session is unlikely to be significant thanks to the stasis that has marked India-U. not mandatory. business groups wrote to President Obama protesting what they called “unacceptable” Indian practices targeting U. the CDU/ CSU will not find it easy to fashion a viable and coherent coalition government. It is also China’s geopolitical compulsions to “build capacity” in the same manner in smaller South Asian countries. both as a nation in itself and among others in the region. No matter who wins or loses the coming election. Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.” which they both are. Australia or Britain and Germany are. monarchy and created a land of equality. Yet. It has been proved once more that eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. which was left out of Mr. The question is: how many children grow up to be criminals to avenge society? And how a planned heinous crime qualifies as a child’s revenge? The crime committed by the “juvenile” last year was not a revenge of a young man on a society that abused him. It is difficult not to believe there is an element of racism in it considering the efforts being made by Republican politicians to marginalise black voters. Under the hybrid electoral system. R. as well as from other parties. Further. An unfortunate child.” though always in the future rather than the present. is not possible because neither the SPD nor the Greens wish to join forces with the Left party. the Tamils there have declared that they are clear about what they want — democracy (“Testing time for Jaffna. ending with 64 and 63 seats.S. Rajakumar Arulanandham. 24). Ghaziabad Thiruvananthapuram he petitioners have argued that the Aadhaar card infringes on citizens’ privacy. The TTP also wants its imprisoned cadres released before talks. Public opinion has brought down anarchy. Many scientific theories are proved incorrect as time goes on. T f Eelam was the only solution.S. When we have a voter ID.” Sept.S. Palayamkottai Venkatraman Garke.S. a widening As for India.Raveendran. strate- H bs A complicated landslide espite pre-election polls showing half the electorate as undecided. Washington and New Delhi believe. Counter-intuitive though it may sound. the alliance has won 41.N. who claim to be the redeemers of Sri Lankan Tamils. written by the former Volkswagen executive Peter Hartz. While the FDP meltdown may have been caused by its move from the centre to far-right economic liberalism. Anything to do with Israel is local politics. But it was a somewhat lowly official — a Deputy Press Secretary — Josh Earnest. Sharif in New York on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly. “dysfunctional. Colombo. Its closest challenger. as advocated by some of our leaders.B. and the CDU has little new to offer by way of a domestic vision or one for the European Union. but equally the distemper that afflicts Washington. But it is conscious of the fact that enhanced Indian economic and military capacities are to the benefit of the U. I was besieged by the press but I refused to make any statement. Thiruvananthapuram Juvenile justice B . That has to do with the paralysis of governance in New Delhi. pivot to Pakistan as a prelude to its withdrawal from Afghanistan or in the matter of Iran. 2. Tuhin Sinha. they have sown an extreme interpretation of Islam which has taken deep root in the country.S. While reading the Police Remand Application of Sept. We cannot ignore it. This hasn’t been publicised enough. it is fallible.S. with 192 seats on a 25. investment. Research on the human brain is not accurate and the findings would definitely have a large variation in data. Unfortunately. If we really care for the Tamils of the island nation. That vision should best come from an elected government with a huge mandate such as the one that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif won less than six months ago. Today. S Rajahmundry O ne has to go through a lot of fine print to understand that Aadhaar is voluntary. there are the political trends in the U. Even if there is a single juvenile heinous crime in a year. Instead. Laws are made on popular opinion. Unwittingly. The U. say. Pakistan’s political parties endorsed an initiative for the government to begin a dialogue with the Tehreek-e-Taliban-e-Pakistan. E. an umbrella organisation of militant groups.. Netanyahu. 2013 Manoj Joshi here was a time when the United States was riding so high that the White House looked down on foreign heads of state using their presence in the annual United Nations General Assembly session to seek an audience with the leader of the free world. It is this reality upon which their efforts to put the mojo back in their relationship is foundering. An Obama-Rouhani meeting though could put everything in the shade. The Sri Lankan government. the people of the province would have boycotted the election. which is a violation of our right to know. poor political management and poorer policy choices are also responsible. The meeting with the Nigerian is a patch-up effort aimed at soothing sentiments of black Africa’s most populous nation.

the law is heavily biased in favour of the industry. although eight under construction anywhere. 2013.S. It is sad that political parties are now getting involved. then what else is? In the alleged plot to affect the Jammu and Kashmir government.S. One more such selfserving effort is unlikely to go down well with citizens gearing up to vote in the coming State and general elections. ranging from students to fishermen. Its image has been tarnished beyond repair.e xo producing proof of address. visit. India would be able to reach that distant goal only in the mid-2020s. There has to be an impartial probe. the 2013 UNICEF report on infant mortality highlights our notorious track record.000 crore before it is fully completed. Having served in the defence forces for 25 years I can say that the Army chief cannot raise even an additional platoon without the knowledge and approval of the Defence Ministry and Defence (Finance).in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Apart from these legal and technical issues.1 million deaths in the entire southern Asian region. one estimated that each reacpresident of the U.S. G A. There is a mismatch between the government saying that it is not mandatory and at the same time making it compulsory for various subsidies. and accompanied by unscientific promises about high levels of safety that are belied by the fierce determination of these companies to absolve themselves ever constructed. and also caps the liability of the NPCIL at Rs. the CSC has not even entered into force. inleast two reactor sites with a minimum of cluding an offer of a loan guarantee for $8. told the U. Not above the law he United Progressive Alliance has brazened it out on another piece of legislation aimed at cosseting and mollycoddling the political class.F.4 million deaths. the ordinance marks the backdoor entry of a bill that faced opposition in the monsoon session of Parliament. Nuclear Energy Institute tor would cost $8.” which indemnifies the manufacturers of nuclear plants in the event of an accident. and not a single ESBWR is ation anywhere in the world. In Fukushima — where the accident continues to cause devastation after two years — the costs of a clean-up are estimated to be several hundred times larger.” The U. One of the major reasons for neonatal deaths is a lack of good delivery practices resulting in prolonged labour. this “would provide a very important legal protection and open the way for billions of dollars in American reactor exports. With over three lakh newborn deaths. companies having to face higher levels of liability. pete economically. A few years are being constructed — four each in China ago. Penguin. T . is difficult to believe the same as Aadhaar stalled enrolment is done only on he interim order of the Supreme Court that essential services and benefits to the public should not be denied on the basis of non-enrolment in the Aadhaar project is welcome. gs . utility. billion.S. the NPR Number is asked for. India’s share alone is 1. Singh should have cancelled his U. essentially frozen or cancelled. Nitheen Sivadas. are emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. Neither the government nor the Army appears to be concerned about the impact all this will have on the security of the country and the defence forces. What has happened is a fine example of fiscal indiscipline. 2013 Nuclear extravagance in Washington In rushing to purchase commercially untested reactors from the United States. From another perspective. Dr.807 sitting MPs and MLAs. Bangladesh and Nepal had death rates of 144 and 142 respectively. where two AP1000 reactors are being to 2008 when William Burns. not a single AP600 was designs. in 2010. it is easy to show that the Westinghouse figure is almost certainly wrong. Being highly populous cannot be cited as a reason. If they make a lot of money.S. Last month. In his 2008 Senate testimony. One need not look outside for lessons. markets and maintain America’s global leadThe capital costs of both these American ership. as we describe here.certified in the U. Robert Blake explained. As such. It T A I I.exoticablogs. it is very difficult to get enrolled. This reluctance to accept liability is in sharp contrast with the claims of safety surrounding the reactors. 2012. which delivers sermons to the rest of the world about democratic values should adopt underhand methods to gain the upper hand.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs.2 lakh to insure the reactor for its entire lifetime — an absurdly low number.3 10. Even while steps are taken to address health issues. What about those who have not yet procured their card? K. What the government hopes to save by way of subsidy has already been nullified and set off by the expenditure on Aadhaar enrolment. at the insistence of Parliament. a few companies explored the possibility AP600 — a design that was described by the of the ESBWR.” which is likely to GE’s Economic Simplified Boiling Water Rebe finalised during the Prime Minister’s visit. given the cap on liability. another U. I feel the project is unnecessary. SEPTEMBER 26.” It is customary for the government to year. the government should have come out with a report long ago. Tirunelveli f this is not a case of vendetta. if the Court takes cognisance of the recent actions of the government. T. These include cheap loans at taxpayer risk and an investment pattern where the government injects equity early during the construction process. offends for two reasons. Indian pride has taken a fall because of inaction. Two-thirds of neonatal deaths occur in just 10 countries.R. Duke Energy. is a very serious matter. dum of understanding with Westinghouse on The reactor design chosen for Kovvada is an “early works agreement. While it has its infinite positive uses.S. Anand Raj.S. This.N.) officers like those of an enemy state. K. The problem is that Westinghouse bases its claims on a method called “probabilistic safety assessment” that cannot be justified scientifically. and India accounts for more than a quarter of those. DC. Sampath.S. India still holds the dubious distinction of having the highest number of deaths in the world in this vulnerable age group — 22 per cent. Even as these two countries are quite close to achieving the 2015 Millennium Development Goal for under-5 mortality (of less than 38 deaths per one thousand live births). And second.S. visit. not by trespassing on the sovereignty of others. If this were true then.” In the event. When citizens already have all sorts of mandatory forms of identification. K. each diplomat. India can beat down the underfive mortality rate. A conviction. Satish Srinivasan. The AP1000 is based on the rife. By using a standard mathematical technique called “Bayesian analysis” to extrapolate from the observed pattern of nuclear accidents.4 million in 2012. because it could not comof responsibility for any accident. The well-being of the mother and the newborn in the first 24 hours is very critical. engineered the CSC with a discriminatory “grandfather clause” that allows it to maintain its own distinct liability law. creation. It is time to stop treating the Army and its CM YK co m Local misgivings T. it is tragic that there is now a concerted attempt to use it to spread misinformation and hatred in the name of religion.S. and. compared with 196 in India.” One can only hope that in Washington. Of the 2. In May. A Chennai ackling terror should be done with genuine international cooperation. Let us hope that all State governments and political parties irrespective of their political differences agree to such control. Anaemia during the early years of life leads to repeated respiratory infection and makes the child more prone to diarrhoea. The Representation of the People (Amendment and Validation) Ordinance.S. Baikadi Suryanarayana Rao. A report in this newspaper (September 19) indicates that the government plans to repeat this strategy.S. Ramana is the author of The Power of Promise: Examining Nuclear Energy in India. Bangalore M illions of people have received or are due to receive their cards. we estimated that at these prices. It is clear enough that the ordinance has been rushed through with political motives — to bail out convicted Congress MP Rashid Masood and possibly also Rashtriya Janata Dal chief Lalu Prasad.15 per unit of electricity. to have chosen to plant bugs at the Permanent Mission of India at the U. etc.S. Social media and the internet have provided us an excellent forum to freely express our opinions and ideas and convey them to others. India brings up the rear. The Centre as usual may go in for appeal as a sizeable amount has already been spent on the project. Be it his age or his being associated with key political figures.com Chennai Alappuzha contention in the PIL against the scheme is that it has the potential to be issued indiscriminately even to migrants without proper documentation. the government had to put off an attempt to shield political parties from coming under the purview of the Right to Information Act. the same The reactor proposed for Mithi Virdi is the company cancelled two AP1000 reactors in AP1000 — a pressurised light water reactor. Payyanur BG-BG . then this may result in U. are deeply problematic: they involve the expenditure of thousands of crores of Indian public money on arbitrarily selected American companies. contributing to a go through a competitive bidding process. the Indian government acquiesced to American demands and drafted a liability bill. a senior U.5 billion. found 14 per cent had declared serious criminal charges against themselves. By emulating the Tamil Nadu model. and as expected. Instead. the two sites have been narrowed down escalations. N ht Allahabad merican is one utterly selfish country. In 1990. one of whose cases is soon to come up for judgment.S. when talk of a “nuclear renaissance” was and the U. surpassed India’s (56) in 2012. 16 per cent to 18 per cent of neonatal deaths are caused by this. Intent stating India’s intention to set aside at Despite strong governmental support. O ne wonders why The Hindu is giving so much prominence to the NSA leaks when the whole world knows that Big Brother is watching. Florida after total cost estimates had risen to The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Lim. The Association for Democratic Reforms.000 MWe generating capacity for U. where a “tractor rally” was held in anticipation of the Prime Minister’s U. tors in North Carolina. Pollachi he Indian government should adopt a strong stand against the security breach. Balasubramanian. But these two countries have performed dramatically by bringing down the rate of deaths to 41 and 42 respectively. Raghavan. Personally. per unit of installed capacity. Most often those who indulge in such things are faceless and hide behind pseudo names. government is keen to clinch some sales for its nuclear industry. CA he order is a blow to the government. Migrants certainly can’t possess valid address proof documents. Most people have wasted their valuable time following the processes in getting the Aadhaar card.S. Unlike India. and the Indian Embassy in Washington. failed to yield a single contract for reactors. This automatically excludes not just those convicted on lesser grounds but also those charge sheeted for grave offences. Most people have gone through the process because of their understanding that the card is compulsory for various benefits such as subsidy on domestic LPG. In Bhopal. by promising the Americans that the NPCIL will not exercise its “right of recourse. Dawson. they will forget some of the concerns they have expressed. several indirect subsidies are built into the government’s revenue model for imported reactors. The court order is by no means a case of judicial overreach. The Prime Minister would like to advance the nuclear deal that has. It is quite common to come across messages of hate being used against particular religions or specific political leaders. Chennai Social media M isuse of social media to spread hatred among people formed part of the discussion at the 16th National Integration Council meeting. it is ill-timed. is much higher in India than a few South Asian countries. President and its top officials are on the defensive asserting that the whole surveillance process carried out by the NSA was aimed at combating terror. results in birth asphyxia.5 million in 2001 to 1. It is a good sign that most Chief Ministers and senior political leaders have concurred with the concern the Prime Minister expressed in this regard. Varad Seshadri. Given that all of this is taxpayers money. It is strange that the U. (The authors are physicists associated with the Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament and Peace. can stoop. then let Union Carbide off the hook. Nearly half of all newborn deaths globally occur during this time.” before the start ited (NPCIL) has already signed a memoran. The NSA spying is no issue at all as it is well known that nations have been spying on one another ever since the advent of nation states. THURSDAY. In a country like India it is doubtful that a hundred per cent enrolment is possible. or downgrade of the associated corporations by at least a feasibility study before awarding a financial rating agencies. However. state of Georgia. on explaining away the ‘leaks’ in language that borders on verbal jugglery. these two countries are reaping the benefits of heavy investments they made in health-care systems in the last two decades. Ironically. India’s plans to buy reactors from the U. In the face of public pressure.S. and T ne more health-status indicator has recently been published. The government needs to issue clear orders and bring an end to the confusion.S. However. In March. India should be prepared to arm itself against more intrusion as it rises on the global stage. The U. Costs have increased. Section 8(4) of the Representation of the People Act protects a convicted legislator from disqualification provided he or she appeals before a higher court within three months.of construction. recently sued was made without even settling on broad de. Chennai en. J. Anand Raj. Nevertheless. All those plans are as one that “will compete in world and U. it aims to create a class of people who can legitimately claim to be special in the eyes of the law — and even when convicted by a court of law. Palakkad ndia must be sharp enough to corner the U. Bangalore NSA snooping tic ab lo CARTOONSCAPE Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Barack Obama is the most opportune moment to raise the matter. Nevertheless. Chennai T I Arulur N. Ramana uclear commerce is likely to feature prominently in the forthcoming discussion between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Barack Obama in Washington. which refers to the number of deaths per one thousand live births.A. Numerous civil society groups. ven though the U. the project is midway. this commitment the operator. Senate that the Indian reactor was initially estimated to cost approxgovernment had written a “strong Letter of imately $7 billion. Balagangadharan.S. by no stretch of the imagination can India be linked to any terror threat against the U. which examined the sworn affidavits of a total of 4. Since only four countries have ratified this outlying U. Further. however. he will also spare a thought for the concerns of Indian citizens and local residents. with tails like the reactor-designs. the Americans are unhappy since.“between $19 and $24 billion. Singh seems to have been a controversial figure. Viswanathan Pillai. Obviously the presumption of innocence must and does apply in these cases. this indicates a fundamental structural problem with the law: it takes away the rights of victims to directly petition the courts to punish the supplier for negligence. even in Tamil Nadu. Westinghouse asserts that its reactors are likely to suffer severe accidents less than once in four million years. While reassuring nuclear manufacturers on the liability law. V. ever before has an accusation so dangerous been made against a retired Indian Army chief. nor can India be a source of peril to the U. T N roughly the same as those of the French EPRs planned for Jaitapur. It is time the government brought in comprehensive cyber laws to deal with this. actor (ESBWR). Aditya Vishal.S.1. and Kovvada in Andha Pradesh for General suspended plans to construct AP1000 reacElectric (GE). New Delhi has glossed over concerns about safety and the scope of suppliers’ liability. 2013 Suvrat Raju and M. The truth will only be known through an impartial probe.” even as it held that Parliament was obliged under Articles 102(1)(e) and 191(1)(e) of the Constitution to make one common law for both ordinary citizens and sitting legislators. the Indian law does not indemnify their companies outright but allows the NPCIL to recover the money paid out in compensation from the manufacturer. It is unfortunate that the AttorneyGeneral has chosen not to contest this aspect of the PIL. the Prime Minister explained that “the proof of the pudding is in the eating … I hope their profits will tell the true story. In the Vogtle Public knowledge of these deals dates back project. Moreover. so far.co. Childhood anaemia is another critical area that needs immediate attention.S. Ravindran. Kanthimathinathan. which show how the law can be subverted. :// jo O bs More than baby steps required Chennai tp he Aadhar enrolment is reported to have already consumed crores of expenditure.500 crore.S. open defecation and the lack of clean drinking water — both of which have a direct link to the health of children — have to be tackled on a war footing. it would cost only Rs. which overturns a Supreme Court order mandating the disqualification of lawmakers immediately upon their conviction. almost everything is turning out to be unsavoury. community and political ideology. It is evident that electricity from the Cost escalations AP1000 will also be expensive. such things have ceased to shock. Liability law Despite the government’s willingness to bear these high costs. the appeal process could take years. almost entirely based on an annex to this convention. For those who have lost/misplaced the Census 2011 slip. It may swallow another Rs. the government first insisted on representing all the victims.” This is part of a persuasive case made in a Supreme Court petition — filed by the prominent lawyer Prashant Bhushan — that the current law impinges on the constitutional rights of Indian citizens. Despite reducing underfive mortality from 2.V. It was unnecessary on the part of the U. the death rate. first-year tariffs would be around Rs. India ranks number one in terms of death on the very first day of birth. there are significant local misgivings about the reactors. it would be wise to take all of this to its logical conclusion and reap the full benefits of a national identity scheme. Besides. the single-most important cause of mortality. In subsequent each blaming the other for delays and cost years. also.S.each other for nearly a billion dollars. Burns pointed out that “India also has committed to adhere to the Convention on Supplementary Compensation (CSC). We have a lot to learn from the Brazilian President. “which carves out a saving in the case of sitting members of Parliament or State Legislature. After WikiLeaks. The views expressed are personal. That even the Indian missions were bugged shows the extent to which the U. Solaman. the plant has already been delayed by a firms. have registered their opposition to the reactor in Kovvada. The charges attributed to him that he tried to topple the J&K government are equivalent to treason. The disqualification is restricted to MPs and MLAs convicted in criminal cases where the offences are punishable by a jail sentence of two years or more. SEPTEMBER 26. constructed in the U.S. The final law prevents victims from filing lawsuits against the manufacturer. which has well equipped public health centres manned by doctors and well-trained staff present round the clock.K. while failing to assess profitability in the long run THURSDAY. The forthcoming meet between http://jobs. T R. V.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. The reactors on offer are commercially untested. This design has not even been No AP1000 has entered commercial oper. leading to the untenable situation of a convicted legislator completing his or her full term. A strong protest movement has come up in Mithi Virdi. For enrolment in the project. Georgia Power. What I am miffed about is the response shown by our politicians and leaders.50. First. As Burns’ deputy.exoticablogs. to Mithi Virdi in Gujarat for Westinghouse. The court struck down this clause. thousands of people walked out of the public hearing on the environmental impact assessment. as a result. W Sunnyvale. even after allowing for substantially lower construction costs in India. contracts have been held up by a dispute over a relatively minor clause in India’s nuclear liability law. The apex court ruling was itself based on the sound principle that there cannot be two sets of citizens: A convicted legislator could not claim immunity from disqualification when this relaxation was not available to a convicted citizen aspiring to contest elections. In a detailed analysis for the Economic and Political Weekly. and large contract. in turn. only to receive an effective rate of return on capital well below that mandated by power sector regulations. what is the purpose of another card? The interesting point is that some have already started getting LPG subsidy via an Aadhaar-linked bank account. It is a matter of grave concern and is an issue that affects the very sovereignty of the Indian state. That it has been spying on the world and the extent of this is no surprise at all. Disclosures E Chennai hile the interim order on “stalling” Aadhaar may come as a relief to certain sections of our society.S.V. Westinghouse.

as distinct from the single objective of price stability. which are of maturity of one year or less. Col.S. SEPTEMBER 27. Arivazhagan. Several bankers have been quoted as saying that they see the overall cost of funds rising for their own banks. Consider the changes effected in the policy statement. There is no denying the fact that the “natural alliance” has run into choppy waters. an anti-inflationary stance.S. The two schemes together are estimated to bring in about $15 bn -20 bn in the next six months. Spying on a strategic partner t is not actually snooping.exoticablogs. put together. the ministry has in recent years honoured different coaches for having moulded the same wrestler or the same boxer. Many will find the RBI’s stance altogether reassuring. A lot is being done but much more needs to be done. cleared by the Union Cabinet to overturn the Supreme Court judgment mandating the disqualification of legislators immediately upon conviction (“Not above the law. It is banking on two initiatives to achieve this outcome. Gopal. is a brazen and deliberate legislative over-reach. It left a trail of questions about the choice made by the federation concerned and the effectiveness of the screening procedures carried out by the ministry and the Sports Authority of India. irrespective of differences. the RBI takes a serious view of the impact the impending taper could have on the rupee and the Indian economy. But currency stability seems to weigh more heavily on the RBI than its statement would suggest. But who will appoint a pay commission for private employees working in companies other than top MNCs. National Security Agency documents. some of which could copy entire hard drives from computers. the UPA government has Jammu attack used its favourite tool — ordinance — to shield MPs facing criminal charges. interventions by Chief Ministers. The overall cost of funds for banks may. Chakravyuha of its own making. What can the common man do except express anguish? Perhaps it is time we realised that leaders who represent us have not come out of the blue.C. The UPA government has cleared it to protect those with whom it thinks it may have a pre.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. What is attempted now is a better balance between inflation and growth. It is unfortunate that our politicians have almost succeeded in giving a back door entry to a bill that faced opposition in Parliament. Rajan has indeed been subject to a quick conversion. and sanctions on Iran.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. we have sent them to the legislature. regionalism and manipulation. Indeed. It appears more plausible that Dr. It would like to nudge the rupee to a level that it feels comfortable with in preparation for the buffeting that may lie ahead. 2013 T.” was External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid’s response in July when the Guardian. he latest terror attack in Jammu is a reminder of the fact that India is facing an uphill task in the northern State of J&K.S. The debate generated by Milkha’s refusal helped bring about a welcome change in the composition of the selection committee. Sridhar. T tp . have an equal right to say I do not want our soldiers to be butchered every now and then. It may choose to couch its stance in anti-inflationary terms. which the rating agency. is ttr@iimahd. Rajan’s policy stance is aimed at shoring up the rupee ahead of a change in the U. a cut in the MSF rate only impacts short-term interest rates. rejected it in 2001 since he felt slighted that he was clubbed with many lesser achievers. position that monitoring “patterns of communication” through the Internet did not amount to espionage. But even with a panel dominated by sportspersons. All countries should make earnest efforts to eliminate jihadi outfits that use violence to intimidate a population or government. Singh’s statement that military officers made illegal payments to politicians in Kashmir (Sept. actions a “breach of international law. The RBI may find it prudent not to say so for fear of adding to nervousness in the currency markets. FRIDAY. M. the RBI cut the MSF rate by 75 basis points and raised the repo rate by 25 basis points. had been spied on by the United States. Arjuna and Dronacharya awards often leads to accusations of bias. facilitating the NSA’s easy access to confidential and classified information on India’s military secrets. even extracting letters of endorsement from their wards. T Delhi ht errorism is undeniably the greatest challenge to the world. The Snowden files also reveal Indian embassies in Washington and New York were bugged. The move is so brazen that the present and future generations of law-abiding citizens will have to live in shame. then. The RBI may want to move it up to Rs 60 before the taper begins. Though the award today is a thoroughly devalued one. we can expect more criminals to occupy the corridors of power — more than the existing 14 per cent of legislators. Singh could not have diverted money to politicians T Pay Commission he Seventh Pay Commission is welcome. Shubhendu Shukla. Shariff. why should their counterparts in governance be given special treatment? It is for voters — those who have the ultimate power in a democracy — to keep such representatives out of power. Roorkee he political class is ever ready to join hands to protect its common interests. There is a contradiction in claiming that the recent moves are intended to fight Reading of the policy Both Dr. It has been said of many who joined the RBI from the ministry that the RBI has a way of quickly converting them to its own view. which the Fed would like.5 per cent of their liabilities. yes. When the RBI raises the repo rate. In practice. It will lead to inflation which is already a huge burden on all sections. however. is that the measures announced last July. controversies continued to dog the awards scheme.. It was important. One cannot question his integrity. and overseas commercial ventures. Gorakhpur T Brazen act he Representation of the People (Amendment and Validation) Ordinance. Palakkad he ordinance is an effort to save criminal lawmakers from the arms of the law. Rajan’s detractors and admirers may be wrong in their reading of the monetary policy statement. What will be the future of a country where convicted political leaders may possibly be re-elected as lawmakers? P. as a citizen. It is more than likely than the total cost of deposits will increase and that this increase will overwhelm the decrease in the cost of borrowing from the RBI. based on Edward Snowden’s leak of U. was shocked on hearing Gen. and workers of the unorganised sector? A pay commission for a particular section is an inequality measure. T Hyderabad ndia is possibly the first country in the world to pass an ordinance to protect convicted MPs and MLAs. Such political games are injurious to the nation’s health. which the Fed would like to engineer. Ramesh Raj Katta. The RBI is offering the swap at a cost of 3. Ram Gulrajani (retd.S. even if within the rules. One is the repo route but only to the extent of 0.S. We should expect long-term rates to rise following the RBI statement — and this is already reflected in a rise of about 30 basis points in 10-year government securities. The other is the swap facility for banks’ foreign currency borrowings up to 100 per cent of their tier I capital at a concessional rate of one per cent below the market rate. Is it not time to introspect before pointing a finger at the government? Chavali Indra Reddy. The cost of certificates of deposit (CD). The General is in a commanding position now. I. 2013 RBI focus still on currency stability Raghuram Rajan’s policy appears to be aimed at shoring up the rupee ahead of the tapering by the U. Our revelations cut through the express assurance offered by U. Moody’s. knowing well that he thwarted attempts to bribe him while in office. Sustaining growth also appears to be a consideration. it is hardly surprising that the ordinance has not met with significant opposition from political circles. Mohd Mudassir Alam. The revised rules have helped reward ‘instant’ success and this has only encouraged athletes and coaches to resort to unethical practices towards achieving their goals. A serious political will is required to root out terrorism. were even more anti-inflationary in their potential impact. Dr. We have the right to know from the Prime Minister why terror attacks keep taking place even though he has been talking peace with Pakistan for 10 years.. may not be easy to accomplish. unless directed by some top official or politician. It is a welcome assertion of the RBI’s distinctive perception of the current economic situation. The more important consideration in hiking the repo rate appears to be to push up yields on long-term government securities. The government should set up a committee to inquire into the matter to stop any further damage to the Army’s image. “I R Inflation and growth from the RBI can be expected to decline. People should defeat the ordinance by not electing anyone who has a criminal record. which is well below the hedging cost in the market. This is understandable. from civil nuclear energy. Chennai he UPA government’s move is unscrupulous. interest rates ahead of the tapering of QE (quantitative easing) due in about three months from now.5 per cent. What considerations. When a conviction can disqualify well qualified and competent government employees. if accompanied by signs that the economy is moving towards the current account deficit target of $790 bn. For banks. What is overlooked. The government needs to plug such loopholes in the system and contemplate going back to the old practice of honouring athletes and coaches for achievements and consistency over a period of time rather than on the basis of one freak performance. In the face of relentless American demands. sees as among the most vulnerable.” Sept. cannot carry on with its illegal activities and pretend everything is normal by simply endorsing India as its strategic partner. R. and then in his speech at the U. That and the terrific buzz that accompanied his assumption of office had led to expectations in some quarters that a rate cut was likely. Singh’s claim that military officers made illegal payments to politicians during his tenure. They have been quick to portray Dr. 26). Banks can today borrow from the RBI in two ways. detrimental to both national security and the politicians who allegedly received the payoffs. ignoring the raucous protestations from certain quarters about the Khel Ratna and Arjuna awards. wisely stuck to the original recommendations this year.or post-poll alliance. Bangalore he announcement of the Seventh Pay Commission is good news for Central government employees. The debate that arises every year following the announcement of the Khel Ratna. calling U. may not happen. e-mail.S.T. for the first time. M. The governor claimed that the net effect would be to “reduce the cost of bank financing substantially. including rates on term deposits. As the CPSU staff are not covered under any pension benefits like the Central I T Chennai Kakinada R ather than treating the Supreme Court verdict as an opportunity to reform the political T here can be no doubt that the ordinance creates two sets of http://jobs. itself. Evidently. presumably his last as the chief executive of this government. How can they be different from and superior to those who vote for them? Lawmakers cannot be law-breakers. whether it be through phone calls. negotiating positions. If fighting inflation was the overriding priority. Representations to the Sports Minister. If Dr.). The ordinance is another classic example.S. therefore. short-term costs of borrowing had risen sharply following the RBI’s tightening of liquidity in July. Unmindful of such manipulation.K. Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff has led the way.C. NATO’s intervention in Libya. I Kishanganj BG-BG . 26). It was only a matter of time before long-term rates began to catch up. This inflow of foreign exchange. Instead. T. to defence purchases. chat or Skype videos. Even the terminal benefit of enhanced gratuity payment with effect from January 2007 has been denied to a few CPSU companies. More pressure on him may push him to spill out more details. T T T Chengalpattu Thiruvananthapuram he ordinance makes a mockery of democracy.in) gs . babus and politicians. The Army is one of the most reputed institutions and people respect it. It does not address another important objective. In the past few days. however. has also fallen. the Indian government mouthed the U. Over the years. Our political leadership should tell us how much we are expected to tolerate and sacrifice in order to have peace with Pakistan. If any action is contemplated now. Our politicians did not feel a similar sense of urgency in creating a strong anti-corruption body or giving autonomy to the CBI.S. This will help maintain a desirable differential with respect to U. In his meeting with Barack Obama. Fed about three months from now FRIDAY. Arun Chandran. He has drawn flak for telling the unpleasant “inside story. to lower the MSF rate and bring it closer to the repo rate. however. I tic ab lo people. The Sports Minister. As many as four different electronic devices were used to eavesdrop on our diplomatic outposts in the U.S. believes it has the right to collect economic and strategic rent from India in return for the lifting it did on the nuclear deal between 2005 and 2008. Then. It reinforces the RBI’s commitment to multiple objectives for monetary policy. but Dr.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs. government staff.S. Analysts estimate that the MSF and the repo account for about 55 per cent and 45 per cent respectively of bank borrowing from the RBI.S. in order to be effective. Gen. many a deserving candidate has been denied the Arjuna award and some undeserving ones have been given the honour. This means that the gradual increase in interest rates. financial stability. V. Thanks to the ordinance.com CM YK co m Chennai inflation but will end up lowering banks’ cost of funds. suggesting this relationship is a one-way street. The RBI’s monetary policy statement is not only or even primarily about inflation. It is not just yields on long-term government securities that will rise. Washington has only intensified its effort to spy on India. India’s protest against the NSA’s outrageous surveillance programmes. deposits will veer towards the long end. the Prime Minister will have an opportunity to air publicly. who had pilloried Dr. Deba Prasad Bhanja. though the rules stipulate that any form of “canvassing” could lead to disqualification of an entry. bad news for emerging markets. the Montreal Protocol. including India.N. A sharp rise in interest rates in the U. Our lawmakers derive their power from ordinary citizens. sportspersons hanker after it. Longterm rates are influenced by the repo rate. If one section has the right to say there is no alternative other than talks.S.ernet. no such disqualification takes place and aspiring candidates readily plead their cases with the Sports Minister even after the recommendations of the awards panel become public knowledge. This is the contingency for which the RBI would like to keep the Indian economy in readiness.Y. There was the danger that this could cause growth to fall even below the modest 5 per cent that is expected in 201314.exoticablogs. yields will rise sharply right away to reflect the end of the taper. the RBI might have simply persisted with the status quo. Financial markets are forward-looking in nature. Fed’s policy about three months from now. The RBI’s caution is well-merited in light of the debate on the taper in the U.4 bn has already come in. have made something of a volte face. reported how the Indian Embassy in Washington D. With the awards providing generous cash incentives. it is so. My suggestion to him is that he should stop making sensational statements. it bodes well for the autonomy for which the RBI has come to be respected.” If there was ever a talking line on NSA snooping that the government could parrot. The great Milkha Singh. Hyderabad Need for caution t is true that the UPA government is in a bind over how to deal with the fallout of the former Army Chief General. Once long-term yields rise. The rupee today is close to Rs 63. In return.” I don’t care much about mud-slinging among politicians but the controversial statement made by Gen. But. the MSF rate was in danger of becoming the de facto policy rate. Factoring in the changes in the two rates. Of course. Once they know that taper has begun. Prudence requires that the episode be given a quiet burial. the Indian government has yielded ground across a wide range of issues. The main reason for this is that the U. Any requirement in excess of what can be financed by repos can be met through the Marginal Standing Facility (up to 2 per cent of liabilities). IIM Ahmedabad. In its policy statement. Others in the business community and many in the media. The sharp rise in short-term rates was having a big impact on firms’ working capital costs. and greater intellectual property protection.co. Gen. One is the swap facility it has provided to banks to bring in foreign currency NRI deposits with a minimum tenure of three years. It has more to do with currency stability. With more than 14 per cent sitting MPs and MLAs across parties having criminal charges against them. system. Ambili. M. S. be expected to go up. This could have caused long-term rates to rise to stratospheric levels. It appears that the Fed is trapped in a (The author is professor. But there are many public enterprises which are yet to get the benefits of the Sixth Pay Commission. it is a signal that rates across the spectrum will go up.” This is debatable. Pranav Shekhar. Rajan as an inflation hawk. has the potential to cause the rupee to move closer to Rs 60. it will be at the risk of rocking the delicate relationship among the defence forces. Moreover. Rajan had been in favour of lowering interest rates during his brief stint at the Finance Ministry. coaches invariably make a dash to be recognised as the ones who guided an Olympic or Asian Games medallist. SEPTEMBER 27. The hike in the repo rate has been positioned as an anti-inflationary stance.S. A code of ethics along with the amendments should be introduced before making them into law. it is Brazil’s: that the U. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh would have had ample opportunity to mull over India’s ties with the U. underlie the measures in the latest policy statement? One is maintaining the present tempo of growth. texts. the Economic Affairs secretary has said that the right level for the rupee today is Rs 59-60.e xo emailed to Letters Letters CARTOONSCAPE letters@thehindu. It has adopted the ordinance route to circumvent the Supreme Court’s decision. It is becoming evident that the calibrated reversal of QE. Some have said the attack is a ploy to derail the India-Pakistan peace process. Rajan has promised to do so in the weeks ahead. It spells a sudden and large exodus of funds and a sharp depreciation in the currency. and it also has to do with growth. the government should do justice to them. the cost of bank borrowings bs Give sports awards for consistency :// jo N ot a year passes without a controversy erupting over the national sports awards. must necessarily mean a rise in banks’ aggregate funding costs and hence in lending rates. Singh is serious cause for concern to the common man. The Congress is committing blunder after blunder. However. the last-minute withholding of the Arjuna award to an athlete because of a five-year-old doping infringement was humiliating and contentious. What would that level be? Well. During the long journey from New Delhi to Washington. India’s financial markets and a section of the business community have reacted adversely to his decision to increase the repo rate in his policy statement. The overall cost of a bank’s deposits will be determined by the composition of its deposits — how much of these are short-term and how much longterm. they will immediately price in the final outcome. Subbarao for his anti-inflationary stance. Ram Mohan eserve Bank of India governor Raghuram Rajan’s maiden monetary policy announcement has evoked contrary responses. $1. Secretary of State John Kerry that raw data — such as individual e-mails or telephone conversations — is not monitored. and that too four decades after his Rome Olympics exploits. The Hindu has revealed how the NSA systematically tapped conversations between Indian government officials and elected representatives. 2013. Singh loves to be in the news with his controversial statements which is just not good for the country. Kesavan. therefore. Union Ministers and politicians have all become part of the game.

Venkatachalapathy e learn from history. there are a host of issues that ought to be addressed through comprehensive legislation rather than ad hoc adjudication. Chennai t was refreshing to see Rahul denouncing the ordinance meant to shield convicted politicians. Ranging from the need to check money power and paid news to the need for transparency in the funding of political parties. 2013 Seeing Madras in Hyderabad The bitterness that existed in the 1950s between Tamil and Telugu speakers on Chennai parallels the fight for the Andhra Pradesh capital in the Telangana agitation SATURDAY. That this has not lasted is the present issue. the provision by which one can record a ‘no-vote’ option by signing a form in the presence of election officials.exoticablogs. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) and T. Surely. Dr. the Supreme Court has ushered in a key electoral reform that has found favour in the past with the Election Commission of India and even the Law Commission.” The potshots did not stop here. Rahul said he had got the party line from the Congress’s communication chief Ajay Maken. one shudders at the prospect of a war between the two nuclear states.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. not passive protest. Pattabhi Sitaramayya wrote extensively in the pages of The Hindu articulating this demand. If Rahul’s intention in lambasting his own government — which he said had “wrongly” cleared the ordinance — was to play the outsider. but this inherently adversarial relationship may have prevented the ushering in of sweeping reforms through legislation. fault lines become chasms.exoticablogs. he must have been aware of the UPA government’s frantic efforts to get a bill passed in the monsoon session of Parliament. Picking up after Rahul ahul Gandhi has made a habit of dropping in on unsuspecting journalists. the terrorists would have succeeded in their design. In November 1949. I pity all those Congress spokespersons who defended the ordinance in front of television cameras and tried to convince the public.) Minister must understand is that peace is a two-way street and can never be achieved if there is no desire for it from across the border. SEPTEMBER 28. And the most effective forum for him to air his dissent would have been a party meeting and not a media conference. or a joint capital or even a Union Territory — reminiscent of the story of Solomon’s justice over the disputed child. Sharif will not end with the usual handshakes and bear hugs.” he should have spoken his mind at the outset. Soft-pedalling on implementation confounds matters.). little needs to be said about the implications for more cynical times such as ours. The true mark of a leader is his capacity to speak his mind at the right time and place — and speak it knowing the consequences. tice K. whose objective has been questioned by the President. The popular nationalist writer and journalist. With Indian nationalist politics at the threshold of its mass phase combined with the emergence of a linguistic and regional consciousness. Despite Nehru’s bold statement in Parliament that “we must not mix up various things because a riotous mob did something. P y deciding to go ahead with his meeting with Nawaz Sharif in New York. Every life is important. he has deeply embarrassed the Prime Minister. the Madras Legislative Assembly recommended the formation of ‘separate Provinces for the Tamil. When they did not succeed. and this is evident from the ongoing Telangana crisis. “Yet there is controversy about certain areas as well as about the city of Madras. he has done it once too often. In the event of the votes polled in favour of ‘reject all’ being the maximum in a constituency. To this may be added the view that Madras city should become a Chief Commissioner’s province. F Gurgaon or us to believe that terrorists infiltrate without the knowledge or backing of the Pakistani troops is absurd. What our diplomats and the Prime CM YK co m Issues of identity Archit Gupta. largely as a result of Congress factional politics shortly after Independence. Widening fault lines As the agitation for a separate Andhra got protracted. It is difficult to understand why India cannot retaliate. However the Telugu demand for Chennai got tied to the formation of a separate Andhra state and turned out to be the single largest stumbling block to the creation of Andhra state. and is a welcome addition to the series of decisions it has rendered to protect the integrity of our elections. But Andhra was an exception. A. Unexceptionable as this was.12 EDITORIAL http://jobs. the Congress Working Committee recommended the formation of a separate Andhra province excluding the city of Madras. Nehru declared that “there ha[d] been so much argument on this subject that no one can say anything new or worthwhile. Cheruthuruthy T Dehra Dun T India-Pakistan talks O ne really wonders if Rahul Gandhi’s belated but blistering attack on the ordinance was a well orchestrated political stunt.’ The demand for Andhra got enmeshed in Congress factional politics with intense rivalry between C. to salvage the party and the government’s image. Telugu. Our security personnel cannot be left to die in attack after attack. By July 1952. During the early 1910s. such as making the framing of charges in serious criminal cases the basis for disqualification instead of conviction. In recent times. The Congress failed to win a majority in the Madras Presidency. The bitterness between Andhra and Tamil Nadu soon evaporated. he could have accomplished the mission with greater grace. The BJP protested and presented a memorandum to the President asking him to reject the ordinance. coinciding with meetings between the two nations. it added ominously that.” the committee observed. T Aneesh M. The death of Potti Sriramulu on December 15. further fuelled the demand for a separate Andhra province. Varadarajan.” Therefore the thinking of the Congress leadership at the top was clear and unequivocal right from the beginning.X. the fault lines within the Andhra Congress widened. Had Dr. But his view is bound to prevail. they had a high visibility for a variety of historical reasons. and the harsh language are in bad taste. The Court believes that the extra provision in the voting machines would promote free and fair elections.” he supported the formation of an Andhra province but without conceding Chennai.” the Government of India appointed in December 1952 a committee under Jus- Largest stumbling block By the time of its Nagpur session in 1920. who was forced to take time out of his Washington visit to issue a statement indicating a rethink on the ordinance out of deference to Rahul. Not Madras: Perspectives on the City. with the formation of the first Congress ministry. It all at once came down to one issue: while the protesters demanded a separate Andhra state and the government was more than eager to grant it. Does Rahul expect the nation to believe that neither he nor his mother Sonia Gandhi was kept in the loop when the decision to go for the ordinance was taken? Why such a public condemnation of the ordinance by him after the President sought certain clarifications and the stiff opposition by the BJP and the Left? Did not Rahul’s ill-advised action undermine the authority of the Prime Minister who was in Washington all set to meet the U. however. Prakasam signing a note of dissent that the apparatus of the new province should reside in Madras city until a new capital was ready. needed to stop citing one another’s example to justify wrongdoings. V. which has been cleared by the Union Cabinet. W Chennai Bangalore http://jobs. Kalki — the alter ego of Rajaji — captured the dangers of declaring Chennai the temporary capital: This move could pave the way for the influx of excited agitators from outside leading to violence triggering police action. He called the Representation of the People (Amendment and Validation) Ordinance. The President raised a query on the need to promulgate the ordinance. Despite Rajaji’s view that the cry for linguistic provinces was a “tribal demand. but was mired in controversy with T. C Guntur he army has ruled Pakistan for most part of its existence. like Kashmir. Although at times one wonders whether retaliation could be an option. it was his personal opinion that corruption could not be fought through small compromises. P. A. Nagesh.R. gs . Marg. I Chennai tic T Madras Province.co. the declaration of the Andhra province came to be delayed by a few more years. Prakasam. a voter finds himself pitted between the devil and the deep sea. and indeed. In fact. Mumbai. But the percentage of voter turnout will be important to ensure that the provision is effective. one does wish Rahul had done this a bit earlier. Surely. Various Andhra leaders such as Neelam Sanjiva Reddy and V. should he? A. 2013 A. Wanchoo’s report.” we are often told tritely. He has bypassed protocol and mocked at the “party line”. SATURDAY. but from the son of Sonia Gandhi. R “W ic loss of lives and property. President? Who will take the PM Rahulspeak seriously hereafter? S.S B Kochi olitical parties will henceforth field candidates carefully and not take the voter for granted. “that we do not learn from history!” Perhaps there is more than a grain of truth in this clichéd observation. God help them! Or. tp W . A doubt arises as to what will happen if a very large percentage of voters go in for the no-vote option. who has professed his intention to pursue peace with India. ht he Jammu attacks were undoubtedly meant to derail the peace process.R. Andhra continued to be on a boil. Nehru was inclined to accept this recommendation but was stoutly opposed by Rajaji.com Raj Kishore Mishra. accepted the Dar Commission’s views by recommending the postponement of linguistic reorganisation by a few years. forces inimical to India — both within and outside — want to see the breakdown of the peace process. As such. Appointing commission after commission in the hope that agitations will dissipate simply doesn’t work. Of course he can abstain but that would be seen as indifference. Dar to examine the formation of new provinces. and paving the way for Rajaji to form a Congress government. T. Tilak Subramanian. SEPTEMBER 28. Govindankutty. Hopes of improving India-Pakistan relations that have been revived with the election of Mr. enduring peace continues to be a mirage in the subcontinent. Singh who is not a politician but an obedient bureaucrat. submitted in early February 1953.” This. John. Rao. this found support in Nehru. talks with Pakistan will be an exercise in futility. which in its report presented in April 1949. he could have done a far better job than storming into a press conference and blazing all guns at the government. The delay in addressing genuine popular concerns makes them an electoral issue leading to competitive inter-party and intra-party politics.N. Pakistan is as much a victim of terror as India is.K. In March this year. Sharif.” By 1953 the question of Chennai was pretty much settled.” However. bs Yes to the no-vote option :// ne wonders what Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi — who said at a press conference that the ordinance seeking to overturn the Supreme Court verdict disqualifying MPs and MLAs upon their conviction should be torn to pieces and thrown out — was doing all these days. more controversially. Intervention at that stage would have likely stopped the ordinance. Even a meagre turnout is considered good enough to declare a valid result now. Choudhury. The Congress seems to have changed its stance after that. Often. Manipal ondoling lost lives is not a solution to terrorism. favoured the creation of the Andhra state and recommended that. Rahul has left a mess in his wake. Was Rahul not in the know of things? The great tamasha will start now. which from anyone else would have been treated as sacrilege. The Dar commission recommended reorganisation not on “linguistic consideration but rather upon administrative convenience. O jo Secunderabad hat a dramatic change in the Congress’ approach to the ordinance! I am sure the Cabinet cleared the ordinance after a lot of deliberations. 2006. about 15 per cent of the population compared to about 70 per cent of Tamil speakers (1931 Census). And each time he has done that. He cannot be both Congress vice-president and a rebel with unlimited licence to attack. the Constituent Assembly of India appointed a commission headed by S. and caused teething problems to the fledgling nation state.e xo emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. the EC could fix a limit beyond which the percentage of NOTA votes would entail re-polling. Nitheen Sivadas. is not an option for our country. the Indian National Congress had reorganised itself on linguistic lines and the newlyformed Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee demanded the city of Chennai for its jurisdiction. A Partition Committee was formed in November 1949 and the Madras Cabinet approved its report in January 1950. Makker. and Kerala regions. In the light of this premonition Rajaji even went to the extent of threatening to resign from the premiership finally convincing Nehru this move would only result in “unseemly agitation. In June 1948.P. Michael Dhanaraj. In the event. Singh cancelled his meeting with Mr. Nehru not only refused the demand for the appointment of a commission without a general agreement but also ruled out a plebiscite. Venkatachalapathy (ed.M.K. Rahul said political parties. 2013. Jaikrishna. This was months after he had become Congress vice-president. On an unannounced visit to the Press Club of India in New Delhi on Friday. Though Telugu speakers. while it was still in the form of a bill in the Rajya Sabha. he roasted his own party and government for their decision to promulgate an ordinance aimed at preventing the disqualification of convicted lawmakers. was to change with one as-yet-unknown Congressman’s fast. T Coimbatore BG-BG . the claim over Madras city stalled the issue. which was that no political party was above making small compromises. even after the dastardly terror strikes in Jammu. Prakasam too lost badly. Inextricably linked with the demand for Chennai. Bangalore N one can disagree with what Rahul said about the ordinance. ensure greater voter participation and reduce bogus voting. But he. Giri — the philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan not excluded — put pressure on the Central government. It is ironic that the seniors in the Congress did not have the wisdom to appreciate the dangers of the ordinance. Rahul Gandhi. The fall of the Prakasam ministry in the B y ordering that voting machines in future should have an additional provision for voters to record a ‘none-of-the-above’ (NOTA) option to reject all candidates in the fray. In 1938. cleared it and sent it to the President. That said. Decisions taken in the heat of largescale violence and bloodshed tend to be not so well thought out. It has consolidated its hold on the country and the civilian government is at best a smokescreen. “the demand for an Andhra Province has a larger measure of consent behind it than other similar demands. B. he told a gathering of hacks in Parliament’s Central Hall that he was not interested in becoming Prime Minister. the Congress appointed a Linguistic Provinces Committee with Nehru. Soon the city would be termed ‘a disputed area’ and would lead to unending controversy and agitation. much to the government’s discomfiture. Wanchoo. K. Worse. The first general elections of January 1952 added further variables. In this dismal scenario. It became obvious that those advocating the interests of Rayalaseema and the coastal districts of Andhra did not see eye to eye. and a new and thriving capital built. The ensuing loss of lives would lead to further claims on the ground that the soil of Chennai had been sanctified by the blood of martyrs. When popular mobilisation gathers force. legitimate demands were voiced for a separate province of Andhra as early as the first decade of the 20th century. Singh’s decision to continue with the peace talks deserves to be appreciated. The NOTA ruling fills a significant lacuna in electoral law. Singh and Mr. he has exploded a bombshell. Casting the vote should be made an unavoidable duty of every citizen.” In the wake of the calamitous Partition. What lessons does this now-forgotten story teach us? Is it a case of history repeating itself as tragedy? If issues of identity and territorial claims in so-called more enlightened times could have been so acrimonious. So what did we fail to learn from the 1950s agitation that led to the formation of an Andhra province in the first place? It is now forgotten history that the city of Chennai was the bone of contention between the advocates of a separate province of Telugu-speaking people and the then Madras State (Tamil Nadu) in the late 1940s and early 1950s. “complete nonsense” and a piece of paper to be “torn up and thrown away. Stephen Heynes. In its Jaipur session in December 1948. Sharif must not die down. “In some ways. R ahul’s politics has left the Congress in a state of embarrassment. the Andhra government could be lodged in Chennai. (This essay draws from the author’s earlier contribution to A. Kamaraj. Palakkad ‘Reject all’ option he Supreme Court has covered itself in shining glory by directing the Election Commission to provide a button on electronic voting machines for voters to reject all the candidates contesting an election from a constituency — recognising that the right to elect includes the right to reject. We have seen a series of attacks from across the border. when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is out of the country. constituted a minority in the city. the Supreme Court has struck down a provision to prevent immediate disqualification of convicted legislators and. N. Though this demand was articulated intermittently through the subsequent decades. Till then. but a heavy quantum of negative votes may affect the legitimacy of the election process. barred those in custody from contesting elections. its leader.V.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. Rahul’s stand should have no bearing on the ordinance because he is not part of the Union Cabinet. 1952 led to large-scale violence in Andhra. Narendra Reddy Singampalli. If the Congress vice-president’s outburst was meant to show he’s the boss. and it is in the interest of both the countries to fight the common enemy together. Kannada.K. One hopes that the Central government will keep in mind the Chennai lesson in deciding the fate of Hyderabad. a presumed precursor to his running for Prime Minister. weakening the hand of K. acrimonious controversies and administrative conflicts. It is hoped that the talks between Dr. Bangalore hat is abundantly clear is many forces in Pakistan are against negotiations and want to ensure that instability prolongs in Kashmir. in the hope that a large number of such negative votes would induce political parties to field candidates known for their integrity. It also occasioned the unnecessary and trag- ab lo CARTOONSCAPE he ‘reject all’ option in the EVMs is indeed a welcome step. all the candidates should be banned from contesting elections for at least six years. as alleged by the Opposition. it came to a head only as independence became imminent. Advocates of electoral reforms have encouraged voters to make greater use of Rule 49-O. Singh has demonstrated both pragmatism and courage. Dr. as a united Andhra Pradesh was forged over the decades. effectively under the control of the Central government. the Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party included. Nonengagement with a democratically elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. it came not from an Opposition rabble-rouser. Chennai. Will that not be humiliating to the Cabinet? Danendra Jain. until a new capital was built. The verdict holds that the rule violates election law and the voters’ freedom of expression alike by denying voters who exercise that choice the required secrecy. we will keep losing brave army men and policemen and continue condoling their deaths. This is amply borne out by the Seemandhra backlash. All this raises a question: why has Parliament left electoral reforms to the courts instead of deliberating over and passing appropriate laws? Thanks to an assertive EC. K. the potential for irregularities by the political class has been effectively kept under check. Perhaps. the government drafted an ordinance. But the timing. did not buy the line. His recklessness shows he is immature and not yet ready to be the Prime Minister. If he was genuinely against the ordinance. V. The idea of according to a negative vote the same sanctity and secrecy as a vote in favour of a particular candidate is indeed laudable in a parliamentary democracy. There is no agreement on some reforms mooted by the Election Commission. Vallabhbhai Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya (the JVP Committee). If he thought the ordinance was “nonsense. Malout he Hindu has done well to tabulate the pattern and timings of terror attacks. My sympathies are with Dr.

exoticablogs. Major Mathew Oommen (retd. the present legal framework provides only for taking photographs but not biometric data. it will necessitate greater diffusion of knowledge about the agencies’ activities. No one can disagree with Rahul. Marxe. The antiIndia groups have been handed a propaganda coup on the platter. given that the methane molecule has a lifetime of about 300-600 years in the atmosphere. Modi on a political platform.” Sept. SEPTEMBER 30. it will remain susceptible to politicisation — especially by parties that claim to be best placed to advance these interests. T. Alangudi Chennai oddlers complain about their parents to guests. Krishna Menon — a man they deeply distrusted for his alleged communist leanings. The issues before the Supreme Court pertain to the UIDAI scheme and not to the NPR. though late. It is in this context that such a sensitive report has been leaked. and yet responsive to civilian authority and judgment. the subsidy for cooking gas cylinders will be available only to those who have linked their Aadhaar numbers with their bank accounts and gas agencies. The legitimacy of all parties and groups that have participated in this process has been indelibly tainted. They vote for cash and other inducements given by politicians. A any of Rahul’s defenders say he read the writing on the wall and expressed people’s sentiments. candour. While all life forms on earth are based on carbon. Harith Varma. In a context of economic growth and expanding opportunities. soon after the latter was declared the prime ministerial candidate of the Bharatiya Janata Party. not all organisms necessarily produce methane. Kunreddy Naveen. In a democracy. It appears the UPA government did not hold proper deliberations before clearing the ordinance. W Udaipur BG-X . but the process of repairing the damage done will take long. for a start. Some contend that unverified allotment of Aadhaar numbers poses a threat to national security. is that its absence does not automatically rule out the existence of life. Anupam Bhargava. this trend is unlikely to be easily reversed. the most essential prerequisite for habitability. making a mockery of the party line. there is an obvious need to keep the activities of intelligence agencies away from the public glare and restricted to the smallest possible circle within the government. If these methods are to be effectively employed. This has caused understandable alarm. Two definite. The consolation. Sanjevi Pillai. Nair. whereas getting an Aadhaar number is voluntary. Yet another game to distract people’s attention from serious failures of governance! T Jaipur Rahul was right R M. Although the court decision is commendable. A re-poll will only mean a heavy burden on the exchequer and cause the twin sisters of corruption and malpractices to grow manifold. They were deliberately and carefully nurtured in the early years of the republic. In the past few years. The army’s claims about winning the ‘hearts and minds’ of the people have been shredded to bits. Ranganathan. Unlike the evidence collected earlier.P. separate sources have confirmed the presence of liquid water. Political control of intelligence is in some ways analo(A former infantry officer. the armed forces are no longer content simply to ‘serve with honour’ or to place ‘service before self’. For. They will never choose the no-vote option. To put matters in perspective. reflects the views of the masses? It is a bad ordinance and at least one political leader has the courage to stand up against it. Anubhuti Gupta. close legislative scrutiny. responsible for bringing in the ordinance. Also. It is another milestone in Indian democracy. will the election be declared void? Can democracy survive under such circumstances? Democracy is not just about exercising the right to vote. Sabareesh. A series of tests conducted by Curiosity. Striking an optimum balance between efficiency and control. Srinath Raghagous to political control of the military. It is unfortunate that the elders in the Cabinet. Had any other Congress leader acted thus. the MI5. T Ernakulam he court direction. Singh has turned the spotlight on the dysfunctional relationship between our democracy and the military. incidentally. Even if the government concedes their demands. The flip side to this disinclination to keep the military in its place is the tendency to resort to leaks and insinuations — actions that undermine both the morale of the military and national security. for this form of government is premised on openness. Business as usual is no longer an option. The ‘apolitical’ character of our armed forces and their subordination to the political leadership are routinely taken for granted. After independence. M. New Delhi) ab lo CARTOONSCAPE Ajay Maken’s press conference and denouncing the ordinance seeking to nullify the Supreme Court judgment on convicted legislators have confused people. which the Supreme Court has directed the Election Commission to include in voting machines (“Yes to the no-vote option. General Singh has claimed that his agenda was not political but nationalist. This will Nipun Jindal. and efficient. many people asked me why I had rejected all the candidates. I felt extremely embarrassed. The ongoing case gives the country an opportunity to revisit its entire policy on identification and registration so that the twin objectives of knowing who a citizen is and ensuring effective delivery of services are not undermined. Krishna. could not foresee the ills it would inflict on society. A sham ordinance was prepared. Without playing politics. The NPR data is sent to the UIDAI for generation of Aadhar numbers. Ramesh.com Bangalore O ne ought to applaud Rahul for thrashing the ordinance. Second.in must carry to the the full postal address and the full EDITOR name or the name with initials. more than 90 per cent of methane is produced by living organisms.K. every find of Curiosity has strengthened the possibility that Mars had been a habitable environment in the past.” that too when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was out of the country. Events of the past few days underline the fact that these are now under unprecedented stress. many supplementary methods of exercising top-down control — statutory audits and inspections. Political parties should field NOTA option different candidates. People behind me in the queue could easily see that I was exercising the option. who called the ordinance “complete nonsense. integrity of showing equal concern to all religions and their unfailing support for the Indian Armed Forces. It is a weapon to tackle muscle and money power. T tic The consequences of the recent disclosures and of General Singh’s sweeping and tactless response are likely to be grim. between the government and the armed forces. The search for life on Mars has been based on our understanding of life as seen on earth. is welcome. in the wake of the controversy. Hyderabad t present. The note adds for good measure that the BJP should be their party of choice owing to its “nationalistic outlook. But these norms and institutional arrangements are not forces of nature. At least that was the impression given by Rahul. Nallasivan. The long queues that one sees in the neighbourhood for enrolment and capture of photographs and biometric data are meant for the National Population Register administered by the RegistrarGeneral and Census Commissioner of India. there is no doubt about its voluntary nature. the professional and social ties linking retired and serving personnel are very strong and there is no way of creating a fire-wall between them. one-pension. One wonders whether the Congress vice-president thinks the Cabinet Ministers of his government are so unworthy that they deal with important matters in a “nonsensical” manner. The presence of carbon. Let’s just call it curiosity. The results. In constituencies where a majority of voters opt for NOTA. As with the military. a voter should have the right to express his displeasure. Aadhaar is a number. those who wish to record a ‘no vote’ option have to sign a form (49 O). Further. Enrolment in the NPR is mandatory under the Citizenship Act. science does not rule out the tantalising possibility of silicon-based organisms in our universe. First. P. P. The leaking of an internal army inquiry shortly after General Singh’s appearance with Mr. particularly their demand that the government adopt a policy of ‘onerank. By publicly portraying both issues as ‘operational’ rather than policy matters. he “complete nonsense” comment was a forthright remark. Surely the general was not unaware of the burgeoning links between the BJP and groups of ex-servicemen? Indeed. Vinayak Pawar. they have given a serious setback to the democratic process in Jammu & Kashmir.K. It is a sign of the confusion that marks governance in the country that there is lack of conceptual clarity among the people about what Aadhaar is. how it is related to the population register and whether having a number is essential to receive benefits. Krishnamoorthy. possibly. But some of these studies were mired in controversy. Historically. the political leadership has shied away from pulling up the military even when the latter transgressed into the political domain. Going by this. Modi suggests that it was done deliberately to discredit the former army chief. Although most of the studies found seasonal abundance or sudden spikes. The issue of secrecy is a particularly thorny one in democracies. At the same time. will. the general’s holding of hands with Mr. The central problem is the dilution of the institutional ethos and norms within the armed forces. poll. cleared and sent to the President for assent. The nub of the problem is the absence of legislation that governs the functioning of the various intelligence agencies.10 EDITORIAL http://jobs. Rahul’s act has only raised eyebrows and landed his party in the soup. If NOTA votes exceed 50 per cent in a constituency. An archaic institutional structure that keeps the armed forces headquarters separate from the Ministry of Defence has encouraged an adversarial relationship between the military leadership and the bureaucrats in the Ministry of Defence. 2013 The general and his stink bombs The government’s attempt to fix the former army chief and his brazen response point to the growing dysfunction in civilian-military relations and the political leadership’s unwillingness to address it MONDAY. a feature of the Register. Yet. the army effectively hobbled the government’s political posture. New Delhi’s habitual complacency over Kashmir could prove disastrous. it is also about voting responsibly. T Rahuri he right to reject is fundamental to cleansing politics. registration of citizens is indeed mandatory. for example. the party would have sidelined him forever. Aside from further tests by Curiosity. the agencies have seldom shied away from exploiting these limits to political oversight. M Balvinder Singh. no doubt. the political leadership has also been unwilling to assert its prerogatives on a range of issues. Why do we fail to appreciate his stand which. for the gas is an important chemical signature of microbial activity. Take the case of the Intelligence Bureau.com THE HINDU I BANGALORE. re-polling should be done after eliminating candidates with the lowest tally. of any microbial life in the past. given by the Unique Identification Authority of India. the armed forces themselves. ahul’s intention might have been noble but the manner in which he expressed his views and the timing are quite interesting. Irrespective of the facts of the case. published in Science. 28). In the face of these developments. Picking up the pieces is going to be a long and arduous process. the 2016 launch of the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter by the European Space Agency and Curiosity’s successor in 2020 may possibly settle the matter.3 parts per billion by volume. MONDAY. 2013 Voluntarily mandatory he Supreme Court’s interim order making it clear that no person should be disadvantaged because she does not possess an ‘Aadhaar’ card may appear to address the basic question in the average citizen’s mind as to whether this card is mandatory or voluntary. coverage by the press — are difficult to apply to intelligence agencies. Rahul simply blurted out what he felt. Recently released MI5 documents show that the first director of the IB. seemingly bypassing protocol and CM YK co m Irvington he ongoing furore over former army chief General V. P. SEPTEMBER 30. While their gibberish innocent complaint seems cute and evokes laughter. I T Tirunelveli he reform is a welcome change. especially in an era of transnational snooping and digital crime. T Chennai e have got too habituated to reading between the lines. The challenge for the military leadership is to craft new norms and practices that help bridge the growing gap between the armed forces and Indian society. So long as the military feels tempted to place its corporate interests above its institutional identity. we need to be cautious about adopting the NOTA option. Nithya G. it is ‘de-duplicated’. certainly change the way elections are conducted in India. and recent measurements had lowered the upper limit. Vembar K. Even on earth.exoticablogs. its near absence is a setback for seekers of life on Mars. The media’s attention and public interest will wane soon. though the theme has held more attraction for sci-fi writers than scientists. it has not been established that the spikes were associated with seasons on a repetitive basis. S. This tiny amount — about six times lower than previous estimates — greatly “reduces the probability” of ongoing microbial activity and.e xo emailed to Letters Letters letters@thehindu. But it is also symptomatic of a civilian leadership that is unwilling to fix the flaws in the relationship Grim consequences A s if the news on earth weren’t depressing enough. The ostensible reason was General Singh’s desire to advance the cause of ex-servicemen. the intelligence agencies van is Senior Fellow at Centre for Policy are expected to be professionally competent Research. But the option will not serve the purpose until some practical hurdles are removed.’ Adopting an air of injured innocence.A. If a majority of voters choose not to vote for any candidate. Instead the Defence Minister went out of his way to deny that there was any problem between the government and the army chief. Srinath Raghavan T T Injured innocence Consider. The common man will henceforth have the option of ushering in clean governance. Some authorities have done great mischief by linking delivery of services and transfers to the possession of an Aadhaar number.R. One thing’s for sure: such is our fascination for other forms of life that the search for extraterrestrials will never end. V. hydrogen. the episode also raises troubling questions about the role of intelligence agencies in a democratic system. the latest dispatches from Mars are also gloomy. indicates an insignificant amount of methane on the planet: 1. It turns out the red planet doesn’t have any atmospheric methane. Think of the army’s opposition to withdrawal from Siachen and to the repeal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act. NASA’s rover on Mars. The response to current imbroglio will require concerted action on several fronts: by the military. oxygen and nitrogen has further increased the habitability quotient. coming from no less a person than number two in the Congress. where everybody is known to everybody.G. S. The problem is further complicated by the fact that even within an intelligence agency. Since I live in a village. These problems can be sorted out only through discussion but should not dampen implementation of the no-vote option. and the Supreme Court now wants to ensure that immigrants lacking proper documents do not get them. expertise and legitimacy in the functioning of intelligence is all the more difficult owing to an undeniable requirement: that of secrecy. T tp . It is wrong to assume that this trend of politicisation is of recent origin and is triggered by the agitation of ex-servicemen over pensions. This is an essential prelude to other oversight mechanisms such as an active parliamentary standing committee on intelligence. Even more egregious was General Singh’s decision to take the government to court over the question of his extension. information is shared on a strict need-toknow basis. That said. The requirement of secrecy naturally provides wide latitude to the agencies and limits the extent of executive control. this is appallingly irresponsible. Examples can easily be multiplied. Richie Dayal. Then the prospective prime ministerial candidate of the Congress came down heavily on it and got the government thinking once again. It has thus been proved beyond doubt that the rest of the Congress leaders neither see the writing on the wall nor measure people’s sentiments. D Pune ntroducing NOTA will not affect the present voting system much because most of those who vote don’t really exercise their right responsibly. investigations by lawenforcement agencies. ahul Gandhi barging into Congress general secretary http://jobs. well-functioning circuits of information and robust debate. although the legality of taking biometrics.co.). General Singh has given his imprimatur to such brazen attempts at politicising associations of ex-servicemen and. Anand Kumar. K.” In effect. bs Curiosity can’t kill life on Mars jo he none-of-the-above option. at one remove. I did that in the last Assembly election. and. more tests at several other locations need to be undertaken before methane’s absence can be fully confirmed. But what protocol did the Cabinet observe in passing the ordinance? The public at large should feel relieved that there is someone in power willing to call a spade a spade. But insistence on documentary proof from the poor and homeless may lead to denial of benefits to a significant segment of the population. The entire sequence of events starting from General Singh’s public appearance with Narendra Modi to the leaking of a report about his activities as army chief and his response to the allegations has dealt a deep blow to the institutions of national security. Chandigarh he option will increase voter participation. Linking the Aadhaar number to benefits and services is also causing great hardship. The apathy of the political leadership has had a two-fold institutional impact. draw the elite and upper middle class electorate which was hitherto reluctant to vote to the polling booths. Thus the court order is most welcome. come as a surprise as a series of observations made from satellites and earth-bound telescopes had found evidence of higher amounts of methane. One hopes the NOTA option will make parties field worthy candidates. including military intelligence. the military feels that political control has degenerated into bureaucratic control. the EC should order re- Hyderabad T ‘Nonsense’ remark he common man has been treated to another drama. In reality. Chandigarh ht T R Meerut oubts such as what will happen if the number of voters who use the no-vote option is more than the maximum number of votes polled by a candidate should be cleared. At the very least. by the political leadership and by Parliament. not a card. The intelligence agencies must be accountable — and not just to their political masters. if one already has such a number given earlier by UIDAI. Further. is also under challenge. Earthlings longing for inter-galactic companionship may have to set their sights elsewhere. the IB continued to maintain close links with its former parental organisation. subsidies and entitlements. cooperated with British officials in keeping a tab on the Indian high commissioner to London. however. the president of Tamil Nadu BJP Ex-Servicemen Cell has circulated a note openly exhorting former soldiers to directly involve themselves in politics. The right political response would have been to sack him. Thiruvanathapuram he court direction is a boon to all those who cannot express their anger directly at the political system. gs . T :// Nalgonda he no-vote option will enhance inclusion of people in the election process but the fact remains that it will make the constitutional machinery defunct. There are serious questions concerning the possible invasion of privacy when one parts with personal information and images of irises and fingerprints. It will not only give voters another choice but also motivate reluctant people to exercise their franchise. On earth.