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Code: R7410301

R07

B.Tech IV Year I Semester (R07) Supplementary Examinations, December/January 2013/14 OPERATIONS RESEARCH (Mechanical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max. Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks ***** 1 (a) Solve the following LPP graphically, subject to the constraints . Solve the following problem by simplex method. Max Z = Subject to

(b)

. 2 A company has 3 plants at location W, X and Y which supply warehouses located at A, B and C. Weekly plant capacities are 76, 82 and 77 units respectively. Weekly warehouse requirements are 72, 102 and 41 units respectively. Unit transportation costs in infers given below. A B C W 5 8 8 X 16 25 15 Y 9 16 25 (a) Determine optimal transportation schedule. (b) What is the minimum cost of transportation? (c) Is the solution unique? Justify your answer. (a) (b) Discuss briefly the various types of replacement problems. A factory has a large number of bulbs, all of which must be in working condition. The mortality of bulbs is given in the following table. Week 1 2 3 4 5 6 Proportion of bulbs failing 0.10 0.15 0.25 0.35 0.12 0.03 If bulb fails in service, it cost Rs 3.50 to replace, but if all the bulbs are replaced at a time it costs Rs 1.20 each. Find the optimum group replacement policy. What are the assumptions made in the theory of games? Explain maxi-min and mini-max principle used in game theory. Use dominance principle and solve the following game.

(a) (b)

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Code: R7410301 5 (a) (b)

R07

Explain : queing model, derive and solve the difference equations in steady state of the model. In a medium scale industry, a tool and cutter grinder operator finds that the time spent on each too has an exponential distribution with mean 25 minutes. If he grinds tools in the order in which they come in and arrival of tools for grinding is approximately Poisson with an average rate of 11 per 8 hours day. What is the operators expected idle time each day? How many jobs a head of the average too just bought in? A machine tool manufacturing company has a demand for oil seals at the rate of 15,000 oil seals/year. It can produce 2500 oil seals per month. The cost of one set up is Rs 550 and the inventory holding cost is Rs 0.25/oil seal/month. The cost per oil seal is Rs 5. Determine the following: (i) Optimum lot size (ii) Total cost per year (iii) Maximum inventory. (iv) Manufacturing time. (v) Total time. State Bellmans principle of optimality and use it to solve the problem. Max subject to and

(a) (b)

Write the advantages and disadvantages of simulation. Mention the areas of applications of simulation in various disciplines. *****

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