POWER DISTRIBUTION Distribution System Planning: Load forecasting, Power Quality parameters, Choice of systems for different consumers, Planning Criteria, Standards, System layout. Distribution Lines / Cables: Towers/Poles, Stay wires; Conductor - Types, characteristics & selection; Underground Cables Selection, laying, cable box and jointing; Earth wire; Insulators & hardware fittings; Distributors, Feeders, Services Mains (LV, MV, HV); Clearances; Pole-mounted sub-stations and its location; Earthing HT & LT poles/supports; Selection & fixing of control devices. Distribution Sub-stations: Types, General Arrangement, Layout, Bus-bar arrangements; Sub-station equipment – Construction details, selection and specification of equipment (distribution transformer, Circuit Breakers, etc.); Auxiliary Systems; Earthing of substation equipment; Basic operational aspects of equipments/systems. Meters & Metering : Meters/Indicators – Types & Function; Metering system; Location of meters; Testing & Setting of meters/indicators; Latest development in metering technologies. Distribution Losses and Efficient Energy Management: Classification, Causes and Calculation of power losses; Methods of reducing power losses and Anti-theft measures; Causes and cures for breakdowns, tripping and fluctuations in distribution system; System voltage drops and improvements; Distribution transformer failures – causes & remedies; Demand Side Management (DSM), HVDS, Energy efficiency monitoring and corrective measures. Cost Economics / Commercial Aspects: Cost Engineering, Costing & Control, Estimation, Estimate for providing service (LT/HT) connections; Tariff structure & types, Rational & Competitive tariff, Energy Accounting, Energy Billing and Revenue realization. POWER UTILISATION Electric Heating and Welding: Electric Heating – Advantages, Methods, Resistance ovens, Induction heating, Dielectric heating, Arc Furnace, Heating of buildings; Electric Welding – Resistance and Arc Welding, Control Devices and Welding Equipment. Electrolytic Process: Principle of Electro-deposition, Laws of Electrolysis, Extraction and Refining of Metals, Electro-plating, Factors affecting electro-deposition, Manufacture of chemicals, Application of Electrolysis. Illumination: Laws of Illumination, Polar curves, Distribution and Control of light, Lighting calculations, Factory lighting, Flood lighting, Street lighting, Different types of lamps – Incandescent, Fluorescent, Vapour, CFL and their working, Glare and its remedy. Electric Traction: Salient features, Comparison with other types of traction systems, Types of electric traction, Systems of track electrification, Speed-Time curves, Tractive effort and specific energy consumption, Co-efficient of Adhesion, Suitability of electric motors for traction service, Conventional and Solid-state control of traction motors, Electric braking, Current collection systems, DC & AC substations, Signaling systems, Diesel electric traction, Train lighting system.

(Performance & Efficiency Calculations, Maintenance Planning and Cost Control) PERFORMANCE & EFFICIENCY CALCULATIONS Introduction, Need for performance monitoring, uncontrollable factors, basic requirements. Factors influencing performance of boilers and optimization (Fuel properties, excess air, finess of P.F. etc.).

Optimization of auxiliary power consumption (scope variable speed drives. budgetary control. Driving Unit and its maintenance. causes and remedies) Air Heaters (effect of AH outlet temperature.Coal handling machines –their working and maintenance aspects. Causes for failure of economizer tubes. material. Discussion and appraisal. optimum operating point). Boiler efficiency calculation (Direct method. factors. indirect costs. erosion & corrosion on water wall tubes. plant outages and daily work programmes. Remedial action. Instrumentation tapings.Seal arrangement settings & replacement. Causes and Remedies. Problems in structure works & hanging arrangements. Effect of water. spacing and their alignment. Procedure for alkali boil out & acid cleaning. Factors affecting performance of condenser and feed heater (TTD. temperature. other standard method. temperature and back pressure. BOILER PRESSURE PARTS Economizer: .) Use of computers in maintenance planning. Boiler Drum & Drum internals – Different connections to boiler drum & their Maintenance. ETPE 405 POWER PLANT MAINTENANCE BOILER AND ITS AUXILIARIES Boiler structure steel work – Importance. Cold end corrosion in Air heaters.Tube materials. FD Fan.Performance Monitoring of Boiler Auxiliaries (Pulverisers.) Losses method. spacing and connections. Safety valves and air vents Problems. capital applications and procedures. Superheaters . direct costs. Group Discussion and practice. limitations in adopting direct method.e. cylinder efficiency. Different types of welding utilized. charting system etc. Repair/Replacement Procedures of punctured / damaged tubes. Preventive maintenance of running units. heat transfer across tubes) Heaters (air accumulation. outage costs. Turbine heat rate calculation: Method.Effect of erosion and corrosion due to coal and their rectification. SOOT BLOWERS MAINTENANCE PULVERISERS & RAW COAL FEEDERS Pulverisers -Setting of spring assembly. project evaluation. Bunker & Chutes. Planning of major plant overhauls during shutdowns. Causes of erosion and corrosion. use of DAS/DDC in performance monitoring). parameters required). Major problems encountered in coal mills & their causes and remedies. MAINTENANCE PLANNING AND COST CONTROL Aims and objective of maintenance efficient service. SCAPH .Causes of tube failures. Expansion & Sealing of boiler bottom and prevention of dust accumulation in seal chamber. Mounting worm gear and shaft. mill rejects. curves. Causes and effects of erosion & corrosion on tubes. Contract procedures (conditions of contract. Constructional details working and maintenance aspect of driving units and PIV gearbox. operation of un-necessary running auxiliaries). Re-heaters -Inspections of tubes for erosion and corrosion & failures. Maintenance of coal flow indicators & inlet gate of coal.Maintenance problems and repairs. steam side/water side fouling drainage. deposits on turbine blades. Inspection and maintenance aspects. Cost control. blade roughness. Logging and recording (Scope of logging and recording. Hydraulic statics test. Causes & remedies.Inspection of tubes for erosion and corrosion. Pattern of tube punctures and their repair / welding / replacement procedures. Coal crusher. Repair of discharge dampers. Factors influencing performance of turbine (Steam pressure. effect ofattemperation in reheaters) Heat balancing. BOILER DRAUGHT SYSTEM Draught Fans – ID Fan. interest and depreciation charges. Air Pre-Heater . Vibration analysis. Purchasing and stores control – standards cost codes. Inspections of water valve tubes. ESP COAL HANDLING PLANT & ASH HANDLING PLANTS MAINTENANCE . performance tests) Fans) Fans (Performance. Turbine Losses. sampling of pulverized. calculation. coal classifier adjustments. CW flow. Causes of tube failures.Tube size. maintenance and planning engineer’s duties. CW inlet. Setting of classifier vanes. drag link chain / conveyers / rotating blades. Lubrication system of mills. PA Fan and their ducts. plant reliability. Fitting of bearings and rollers on journals shaft. Planning techniques – critical path analysis. Maintenance of coal carrying system. high plant availability. i. budgeting and costing work. control of stores and store records. Bearing/ coupling Maintenance and Shaft Alignment. effect of loading). Water Wall Tube Arrangement . preservation & flushing. Inspection for damage of tubes and their repair / replacement methods. . Integration of maintenance with operational requirements.

Power angle equation & diagram. transformer. Vibration analysis. Load Flow Analysis: Load flow problem. Unsymmetrical faults on a power system. Sequence impedance of power system elements (Alternator. Fault calculations. Positive. ELECTRICAL PLANT & AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE – Switchgears. Newton – Raphson (N-R) method. Condensate extraction pump.Single Line-to-Ground (L-G) faults. Power spectral Density. bearings. Step-by-Step solution of swing curve. Mathematical basis. C. Short Circuit Studies: Symmetrical Three-Phase Fault Analysis . Single-Line (or One-Line) diagram. Cleaning inspection and NDT. Transmission loss equation. Vibration monitoring. Fault current calculations. Selection of circuit breakers. Phase shift of symmetrical components in Y . Modulation concept. Alignment of pumps. Solution Techniques – Gauss Iterative Method.Boiler feed pump. transmission line.Ground (LL-G) faults. Comparison of load flow solution methods. Power System Equations.TURBINE MAINTENANCE . IP & LP rotors w. Inspection of barring gears.reciprocating pumps. Unsymmetrical faults on an unloaded alternator. techniques-AM-Envelop &synchronous detection. Transformers. load.Pre-checks & dismantling sequence of Turbine Measurement of clearances. Power System scenario vis-à-vis Communication engineering-its impact. Fault clearing time. Isolators. Checking of turbo supervisory instrument for total expansion & differential expansion. Maintenance of Hydraulic coupling. Optimal distribution of load between units within a plant. Per-Unit (PU) System and its advantages. Fourier Analysis. Modulation System Analog communication – Need for Modulation. Centering of shafts. ETPE 409 POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS & STABILITY (For Electrical specialization) POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS System Modeling and Formation of Network Matrices: Modeling of synchronous machine.t. Factors influencing transient stability. Faults through impedance. Impedance and reactance diagrams. Trouble shooting of pumps.Short circuit transient on a transmission line. Alignment of rotors of HP. Equal area criterion and its applications. Economic (Optimal) Operation of Power Systems: System Constraints.W. Rotor dynamics and the Swing Equation. glands. Transformer and Transmission Line). TURBINE AUXILIARIES MAINTENANCE . Fast Decoupled Load Flow (FDLF) method. Critical clearing angle. Actuators. Excitation system maintenance. Checking of turbine cylinders for cracks/ deformation.LP & HP Heater. Major Maintenance aspects of Hydro-electric/Gas Power Stations. Batteries. Checking the conditions of babbit metal for score pitting. Feed Heaters. Chemical dozing pumps. Double Lineto. POWER SYSTEM STABILITY Steady State Stability & Transient Stability: Stability Problem. ETPE 413 COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING (For Electrical specialization) Introduction Signals. Turbine support arrangements. chipping of or lack of bondage between the babbit and the shell.r. . balancing arrangements and ever rings. Hydrogen leakage.Resolution of unbalanced phasors into their symmetrical components. Inspection of shaft. generator. Rotor earth fault detection. Turbine generating system & control valves and governors. Distribution of load between plants. Dismounting & mounting of bearings. Construction & function of each part and maintenance problems of all equipments. Steady State Stability. Turbine insulation inspection. SSB-generation and detection. Functions._ transformer bank. Bus admittance (Y bus) and impedance (Zbus) matrices and their formation. Transient Stability. Sequence impedances and sequence networks. Communication Systems overview. Symmetrical Components . DSBSC-generation and demodulation. Power in terms of symmetrical components. Removal of complete cartridge of boiler feed pump. Bus classification. Methods of improving stability. Unsymmetrical Fault Analysis . Condensers. Negative and Zero Sequence networks of power system elements. Open-conductor faults. Line-to-Line (L-L) faults.Inspection cleaning & repair of tubes. pump.Stator & Rotor maintenance. Classical Economic Dispatch with losses. Short circuit of synchronous machines (unloaded & loaded). Motors. seals. GENERATOR MAINTENANCE . Gauss-Seidel (G-S) method. Cable & earthing.

PWM. Control Room Building. Soil Mechanics and Soil Investigation: Types of Soil. Carson’s rule. Main plant including TG foundation. Hardware & Accessories Fitting Procedures. Surveying & Mapping.Angle Modulation-concept of frequency and phase modulation. HVDC Sub-Station. Hauling Equipment. Soil Classification. Construction Materials: Lime. Digital Modulation.) and their construction. General Layout Drawing.). Drilling & Blasting Equipment. Pile Driving Equipment. . CIVIL WORKS IN SUB-STATIONS: Structure. Electric Supply. Workshop Building. Head Race Tunnel. Tower Foundation Design & Classification. Transformer Foundation. Case studies Microwave Communication Concepts.Spread (Isolated. Cracks. Pressure Shaft. Annual Maintenance. OPGW ETPE 415 CIVIL WORKS IN POWER ENGINEERING (* Non-University Examination Subject) CIVIL ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS: Surveying: Importance. CHP and other plants/systems). Oil Pit. Stone. Water Supply Pipe Lines. Thermal and shot noise. Levelling. Benching and Soil Classification. Dam.). Structure: Types of Structures (RCC. Deep Foundations . Joineries etc. Design & Construction of Roads. PPM. Concept and description of typical systems. Aggregate (Sand. Cable Trench Design. Pumping & Dewatering Equipment. CDMA Optical Communication Fiber optics basics. Soil Investigation. Satellite Imagery. Finishing. CIVIL WORKS IN GENERATING STATIONS: a) Civil Works in Thermal Power Generating Stations – Reconnaissance Survey. Timber. b) Civil Works in Hydro-electric Power Generating Stations – Hydrological data collection & study. Aggregate and Concrete Production Equipment. Tower Spotting. PAM. Water Conductor System (Intake. Preparation of Drawings & Layouts. Line budgets. Levelling. Fencing / Compound Wall. Route Alignment & Profiling. Tower Erection. PLCC Interfacing with power system. Roofing Materials. Air Conditioning (AC) System.. Suitability of structure as per site condition. Sanitary & Water Supply Materials. Soil Investigation and Soil Resistivity Measurement. Roofs. Diversion Tunnel. Cement. Tunnelling Equipment. Raft) Foundation and Rock Foundation. Surveying Instrument & Accessories. Switchyard Foundation. narrowband and broadband FM. Steel. Approach roads and other infrastructures. Delta Modulation. Conveying Equipment.). Drains. Combined. Stairs. Penstocks. Types of Foundations. coal Bunkers. Survey & Investivation and Preparation of DPR. Power House. CIVIL MAINTENANCE AND SAFETY: Corrosion. Right of Way. Steel. Masonry. Bandwidth. Site selection. Fiber Optic Link. Modern Survey Techniques (Total Station. Review of random signals and noise. frequency deviation and modulation index. PIN/LASER/LED/APD. Triangulation etc. EOT Cranes. etc. Seismic aspects. Sanitary and Water Supply. RCC & Steel structures. Foundations: Purpose. Special Foundation And River Crossing. Area Development. Layout. etc. Special repair & maintenance. FM spectra. Field Testing. Valve Chamber). Satellite links. VSATS. TDMA. Damp proof course. Properties/Characteristics of Soil. Seismic aspects. Site Selection. Preventive Maintenance. DG Set Building. Cavity walls. Admixtures. etc. Structure failure and other failures & problems. SNR. Demodulation. CIVIL WORKS IN TRANSMISSION SYSTEM: Surveying. Tail Race Tunnel. Acoustics and Sound Insulation.Pile Foundation and Well Foundation. generation using Armstrong method. Pneumatic Equipment. Surveying. Objective & Methods of Soil Investigation. Quantization Noise. advantages/disadvantages. Optical systems-SDH/PDH/DWDM. Bearing capacity. Aluminium. Soil Investigation. Digital Communication PCM. Brick. Soil Improvement Methods. Foundation failure. Surge Shaft. Hoisting Equipment. Chimneys. PLL Sampling and Discrete Time Modulation Sampling Theorem. Shallow Foundations . direct FM generation. Levelling. Safety aspects during maintenance and construction. Desilting Basin. Construction of Reservoir. Construction Equipment: Earth-Moving Equipment. DPCM. Clearances. Types of Survey (Chain Survey. Flooring Materials. Tower Types & Design. Field Survey practice. Office Buildings & Residential Complex including amenities. Painting / Finishing Materials. etc. Erosion. FR & DPR approval. Ageing. Stringing. Fire Fighting System. Floors. Transmitter/receiver. Plane Table Survey. Construction of various structures (viz.