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# Magnetic field

1Determine the initial direction of the deflection of charged particles as they enter the magnetic fields as shown in Figure

2, Consider an electron near the Earths equator. In which direction does it tend to deflect if its
velocity is directed (a downward! (" northward! (c westward! or (d southeastward#

\$!% proton travels with a speed of \$.&& ' 1&( m)s at an angle of \$*.&+ with the direction of a magnetic field of &.\$&& , in the -y direction. .hat are (a the magnitude of the magnetic force on the proton and (" its acceleration#

4, %n electron is accelerated through / 0&& 1 from rest and then enters a uniform 1.*&2,
magnetic field. .hat are (a the ma'imum and (" the minimum values of the magnetic force this charge can e'perience#

3!% wire /.4& m in length carries a current of 3.&& % in a region where a uniform magnetic field has a magnitude of &.\$5& ,. Calculate the magnitude of the magnetic force on the wire assuming the angle "etween the magnetic field and the current is (a (&.&+! (" 5&.&+! (c 1/&+.

6. A nonuniform magnetic field exerts a net force on a magnetic dipole. % strong magnet is
placed under a hori6ontal conducting ring of radius r that carries current I as shown in Figure. If the magnetic field 7 ma8es an angle with the vertical at the rings location! what are the magnitude and direction of the resultant force on the ring#

7. % small "ar magnet is suspended in a uniform &./3&2, magnetic field. ,he ma'imum torque
e'perienced "y the "ar magnet is 0.(& 91&2\$ :m. Calculate the magnetic moment of the "ar

magnet.

8. % long piece of wire with a mass of &.1&& 8g and a total length of 0.&& m is used to ma8e a
square coil with a side of &.1&& m. ,he coil is hinged along a hori6ontal side! carries a \$.0&2% current! and is placed in a vertical magnetic field with a magnitude of &.&1& & ,. (a Determine the angle that the plane of the coil ma8es with the vertical when the coil is in equili"rium. (" Find the torque acting on the coil due to the magnetic force at equili"rium. 5. % wire is formed into a circle having a diameter of 1&.& cm and placed in a uniform magnetic field of \$.&& m,. ,he wire carries a current of 3.&& %. Find (a the ma'imum torque on the wire and (" the range of potential energies of the wire;field system for different orientations of the circle. 1&. <ne electron collides elastically with a second electron initially at rest. %fter the collision! the radii of their tra=ectories are 1.&& cm and /.0& cm. ,he tra=ectories are perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field of magnitude &.&00 & ,. Determine the energy (in 8e1 of the incident electron.

11. % flat ri""on of silver having a thic8ness t > &./&& mm is used in a ?all2effect measurement
of a uniform magnetic field perpendicular to the ri""on! as shown in Figure. ,he ?all coefficient for silver is R? > &.40&9 1&21& m\$)C. (a .hat is the density of charge carriers in silver# (" If a current I> /&.& % produces a ?all voltage @V? >13.&A1! what is the magnitude of the applied magnetic field#

1/. % &./&&28g metal rod carrying a current of 1&.& % glides on two hori6ontal rails &.3&& m

apart. .hat vertical magnetic field is required to 8eep the rod moving at a constant speed if the coefficient of 8inetic friction "etween the rod and rails is &.1&&#

13. % wire having a linear mass density of 1.&& g)cm is placed on a hori6ontal surface that has
a coefficient of 8inetic friction of &./&&. ,he wire carries a current of 1.3& % toward the east and slides hori6ontally to the north. .hat are the magnitude and direction of the smallest magnetic field that ena"les the wire to move in this fashion#

14. % lightning "olt may carry a current of 1.&& 9 1&0% for a short period of time. .hat is the
resulting magnetic field 1&& m from the "olt# Buppose that the "olt e'tends far a"ove and "elow the point of o"servation.

15. % very long straight wire carries current I. In the middle of the wire a right2angle "end is
made. ,he "end forms an arc of a circle of radius r! as shown in Figure. Determine the magnetic field at the center of the arc.

16.,wo long! parallel wires are attracted to each other "y a force per unit length of \$/& :)m

when they are separated "y a vertical distance of &.3&& m. ,he current in the upper wire is /&.& % to the right. Determine the location of the line in the plane of the two wires along which the total magnetic field is 6ero.

17.,he magnetic coils of a to8ama8 fusion reactor are in the shape of a toroid having an inner

radius of &.*&& m and an outer radius of 1.\$& m. ,he toroid has 5&& turns of largediameter wire! each of which carries a current of 10.& 8%. Find the magnitude of the magnetic field inside the toroid along (a the inner radius and (" the outer radius.

14. % single2turn square loop of wire! /.&& cm on each edge! carries a cloc8wise current of &./&& %. ,he loop is inside a solenoid! with the plane of the loop perpendicular to the magnetic field of the solenoid. ,he solenoid has \$& turns)cm and carries a cloc8wise current of 13.& %. Find the force on each side of the loop and the torque acting on the loop.

19. Consider the hemispherical closed surface in Figure. ,he hemisphere is in a uniform
magnetic field that ma8es an angle with the vertical. Calculate the magnetic flu' through (a the flat surface B1 and (" the hemispherical surface B/.

20. % &./&&2% current is charging a capacitor that has circular plates 1&.& cm in radius. If the

plate separation is0.&& mm! (a what is the time rate of increase of electric field "etween the plates# (" .hat is the magnetic field "etween the plates 3.&& cm from the center#

21. Calculate the magnetic field strength H of a magneti6ed su"stance in which the
magneti6ation is &.44& 9 1&( %)m and the magnetic field has magnitude 0.0& ,.

22. A very l ng, t!in "tri# f \$etal f %idt! w carrie" a c&rrent I al ng it" lengt! a" "! %n in 'ig&re (30.49. 'ind t!e
\$agnetic field at t!e # int P in t!e diagra\$. )!e # int P i" in t!e #lane f t!e "tri# at di"tance b a%ay fr \$ it.

/\$. ,wo identical! flat! circular coils of wire each have 1&& turns and a radius of &.3&& m. ,he

coils are arrangedas a set of ?elmholt6 coils (see ! parallel and with separation &.3&& m. Each coil carries a current of 1&.& %. Determine the magnitude of the magnetic field at a point on the common a'is of the coils and halfway "etween them.

24. ,wo circular loops are parallel! coa'ial! and almost in contact! 1.&& mm apart (Fig. . Each

loop is 1&.& cm in radius. ,he top loop carries a cloc8wise current of 10& %. ,he "ottom loop carries a countercloc8wise current of 10& %. (a Calculate the magnetic force e'erted "y the "ottom loop on the top loop. (" ,he upper loop has a mass of &.&/1& 8g. Calculate its acceleration! assuming that the only forces acting on it are the force in part (a and the gravitational force. Suggestion: ,hin8 a"out how one loop loo8s to a "ug perched on the other loop.

## Electromagnetic Induction of 'araday

1. % /32turn circular coil of wire has diameter 1.&& m. It is placed with its a'is along the
direction of the Earths magnetic field of 3&.&,! and then in &./&& s it is flipped 14&+. %n average emf of what magnitude is generated in the coil# /. % magnetic field of &./&& , e'ists within a solenoid of 3&& turns and a diameter of 1&.& cm. ?ow rapidly (that is! within what period of time must the field "e reduced to 6ero! if the average induced emf within the coil during this time interval is to "e 1&.& 81#

3. % coil of 13 turns and radius 1&.& cm surrounds a long solenoid of radius /.&& cm and
1.&&91&\$ turns)meter (as shown in the Fig. "elow . ,he current in the solenoid changes as I > (3.&& % sin(1/&t . Find the induced emf in the 132turn coil as a function of time.

0. % coil formed "y wrapping 3& turns of wire in the shape of a square is positioned in a magnetic field so that the normal to the plane of the coil ma8es an angle of \$&.&+ with the direction of the field. .hen the magnetic field is increased uniformly from /&& ), to (&& ), in &.0&& s! an emf of magnitude 4&.& m1 is induced in the coil. .hat is the total length of the wire#

3. % piece of insulated wire is shaped into a figure C4D! as shown in Figure "elow. ,he radius of

the upper circle is 3.&& cm and that of the lower circle is 5.&& cm. ,he wire has a uniform resistance per unit length of \$.&& *)m. % uniform magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the plane of the two circles! in the direction shown. ,he magnetic field is increasing at a constant rate of /.&& ,)s. Find the magnitude and direction of the induced current in the wire.

6. ,wo parallel rails with negligi"le resistance are 1&.& cm apart and are connected "y a 3.&& *
resistor. ,he circuit also contains two metal rods having resistances of 1&.& * and 13.&* sliding along the rails (Fig. . ,he rods are pulled away from the resistor at constant speeds of 0.&& m)s and /.&& m)s! respectively. % uniform magnetic field of magnitude &.&1& & , is applied perpendicular to the plane of the rails. Determine the current in the 3.&& * resistor.

7. % coil of area &.1&& m/ is rotating at (&.& rev)s with the a'is of rotation perpendicular to a
&./&&2, magnetic field. (a If the coil has 1 &&& turns! what is the ma'imum emf generated in it# (" .hat is the orientation of the coil with respect to the magnetic field when the ma'imum induced voltage occurs#

8. % particle with a mass of /.&&91&213 8g and a charge of \$&.& nC starts from rest! is
accelerated "y a strong electric field! and is fired from a small source inside a region of uniform constant magnetic field &.(&& ,. ,he velocity of the particle is perpendicular to the field. ,he

circular or"it of the particle encloses a magnetic flu' of 13.& .". (a Calculate the speed of the particle. (" Calculate the potential difference through which the particle accelerated inside the source. 5. A " len id % &nd %it! 2000 t&rn"+\$ i" "&##lied %it! c&rrent t!at varie" in ti\$e acc rding t I ,-4A. "in-120,t., %!ere t i" in "ec nd". A "\$all c a/ial circ&lar c il f 40 t&rn" and radi&" r , 5.00 c\$ i" l cated in"ide t!e " len id near it" center. -a. 0erive an e/#re""i n t!at de"cri1e" t!e \$anner in %!ic! t!e e\$f in t!e "\$all c il varie" in ti\$e. -1. At %!at average rate i" energy delivered t t!e "\$all c il if t!e %inding" !ave a t tal re"i"tance f 8.00 *2

Induction 10. A c iled tele#! ne c rd f r\$" a "#iral %it! 70 t&rn", a dia\$eter f 1.30 c\$, and an &n"tretc!ed lengt! f 60.0 c\$. 0eter\$ine t!e "elf3ind&ctance f ne c nd&ct r in t!e &n"tretc!ed c rd.

11. A #iece f c ##er %ire %it! t!in in"&lati n, 200 \$ l ng and 1.00 \$\$ in dia\$eter, i" % &nd nt a #la"tic t&1e t
f r\$ a l ng " len id. )!i" c il !a" a circ&lar cr "" "ecti n and c n"i"t" f tig!tly % &nd t&rn" in ne layer. 4f t!e c&rrent in t!e " len id dr #" linearly fr \$ 1.80 A t 5er in 0.120 "ec nd", an e\$f f 80.0 \$6 i" ind&ced in t!e c il. 7!at i" t!e lengt! f t!e " len id, \$ea"&red al ng it" a/i"2 12. 8alc&late t!e re"i"tance in an RL circ&it in %!ic! L , 2.50 9 and t!e c&rrent increa"e" t 90.0: f it" final val&e in 3.00 ".

13. )!e "%itc! in 'ig&re 1el % i" #en f r t 0 and t!en cl "ed at ti\$e t , 0. 'ind t!e c&rrent in t!e ind&ct r and t!e
c&rrent in t!e "%itc! a" f&ncti n" f ti\$e t!ereafter.

14. )!e \$agnetic field in"ide a "&#erc nd&cting " len id i" 4.50 ). )!e " len id !a" an inner dia\$eter f 6.20 c\$ and a lengt! f 26.0 c\$. 0eter\$ine -a. t!e \$agnetic energy den"ity in t!e field and -1. t!e energy "t red in t!e \$agnetic field %it!in t!e " len id. 15. 8 n"ider an LC circ&it in %!ic! L , 500 \$9 and C , 0.100'. -a. 7!at i" t!e re" nance fre;&ency <02 -1. 4f a re"i"tance f 1.00 =. i" intr d&ced int t!i" circ&it, %!at i" t!e fre;&ency f t!e -da\$#ed. "cillati n"2 -c. 7!at i" t!e #ercent difference 1et%een t!e t% fre;&encie"2

16. A ca#acit r in a "erie" LC circ&it !a" an initial c!arge Q and i" 1eing di"c!arged. 'ind, in ter\$" f L and C, t!e fl&/ t!r &g! eac! f t!e N t&rn" in t!e c il, %!en t!e c!arge n t!e ca#acit r i" Q+2.

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