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The Right to Education and Responsibility of Educating

Alissa Hsueh

Primary Sources Speech Thomasevski,Katarina. Katarina Tomasevski at UNCA. Online Video(speech). You Tube. Jan 18, 2000. Web. 19 Dec. 2013.

This lecture by Katarina Tomasevski, a special rapporteur on the right to education is about her view of the worldwide education and what we are lacking. Every child should have be able to go to school without racial or gender discrimination.

Email Herder, Sarah. "Questions Regarding the Right to Education." Message to the author. 16 Dec. 13. E-mail. In this email, Sarah Herder, Education Director of a website on Right to Education answered some questions I had. She mentioned the six goals on education and that the wealthier countries should support the poorer one so that every child is able to at least receive primary education.

Secondary Sources Website "The Right to Education: Towards Education for All throughout Life." UNESCO. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://www.unesco.org/education/information/wer/PDFeng/wholewer. PDF>. The World Conference on Human Rights in 1933 stated that education is for developing human personality and to strengthen the respect of human rights and fundamental freedom. The goal of compulsory education is to end the discrimination in education.

"The Right to Education | Education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization." The Right to Education | Education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-internationalagenda/right-to-education/>. This article states that many children often are not able to receive education because of their poverty. But by providing a good quality of education, they have the opportunity to lift themselves out of it.

"The Perspective of the Right to Education Project." Welcome to the Homepage of the Right to Education Project. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://www.right-toeducation.org/node/1379>.

With education, people would know and claim their own rights. By receiving education, people would have much more opportunity. This article also states that education can enable children to develop physical and mental abilities to their highest point. "United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights." News Genius. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://news.rapgenius.com/United-nations-universal-declaration-ofhuman-rights-lyrics>. This website includes the articles in the Universal Declaration of human rights. In Article 26, it states that education should be compulsory and free for elementary and fundamental stages. It also states that everyone has the right to education.

"Compasito - Manual on Human Rights Education for Children." Compasito - Manual on Human Rights Education for Children. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.eycb.coe.int/compasito/chapter_2/1_int.html>. This website explains what the human rights education is and why is it important. Education can promote democracy, peace among the nations. By receiving education, you are able to have much more opportunities and have a better quality of life.

"Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education." Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ohchr.org/EN/issues/Education/SREducation/Pages/SREducationindex. aspx>. This website states that the Human Right to Education is recognized as one of the best financial investments countries can make. Education can lead children to have different life style than they used to have.

"The Atlantic." The Atlantic. Web. 29 Nov. 2013. <http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2013/10/why-doesnt-the-constitutionguarantee-the-right-to-education/280583/>. This website states that our education system ranked 17th out of the 40 countries. The countries ranked in the first 10th had a common point, which was that they had the rights of education stated in their Constitution. This set a basic frame for all the citizens to receive primary education.

"The Atlantic." The Atlantic. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2013/11/japans-cutthroat-schoolsystem-a-cautionary-tale-for-the-us/281612/>.

This website explains that Japans school system is what America is hoping to have. In order to compete in the global market, we need to have strong parental involvement, rigorous testing, discipline, and study in school.

Baker, Al. "Obama, at Brooklyn School, Pushes Education Agenda." Nytimes.com. The New York Times, 25 Oct. 2013. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/26/nyregion/obama-visits-brooklyn-highschool.html? _r=0>. This website is about President Obama talking at a high school about education. He said that the United States is starting to fall behind because many countries are going to out-educate, outcompete us. Some of his wishes on education include a higher standard for both teachers and students.

"Right to Education." Education. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.hrea.org/index.php?base_id=144>. This website explains that education leads to a better quality of life. It also states that there are number of rights that can be unlocked by providing the right to education. It leads to economic development enjoyment of human rights.

Guisepi, Robert. "The History of Education." The History of Education. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://history-world.org/history_of_education.htm>. This website has the facts on the history of education. The beginning of schools was to preserve their own history or cultural heritage to the next generation. As societies became complex, there was more knowledge to transmit. In ancient Greece, kids at age 6 began to go to elementary schools. Kids learned both mentally and physically. During the middle ages, many schools were churches. They cared less about physical health and physical activity was little. Universities appeared at the end of the Middle Ages. During the Renaissance, they wanted develop mans intellectual, spiritual, and physical power. Yet, this did not affect the lower classes. The lower classes remained ignorant just like the Middle Ages.

"Historical Thinking Matters: Why Historical Thinking Matters." Historical Thinking Matters: Why Historical Thinking Matters. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://historicalthinkingmatters.org/why/>. This website explains that we should learn history as if we were detectives or historians. If we learn history as if we were historians, we would be able to do critical thinking.

"A Brief History Of Education [Infographic]." Teach Thought. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.teachthought.com/learning/a-brief-history-of-education/>.

This website has a timeline on a brief history of education. It was easy to understand the history of education. The Romans opened a school for kids to learn socialization and basic, elementary skills. Inventions such as printing press made it easy for knowledge to spread around.

"Convention against Discrimination in Education." Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=12949>. This website has the articles for the Convention against Discrimination to Education. In article 5, it states that education will promote friendship among nations no matter racial or religious groups. "History of Natural Law & Basic Freedoms, Cyrus the Great: United for Human Rights." History of Natural Law & Basic Freedoms, Cyrus the Great: United for Human Rights. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2013. <http://www.humanrights.com/whatare-human-rights/brief-history/cyrus-cylinder.html>. This website has a brief history of human rights. It includes the history of different document protecting human rights and picture for each of it. The Cyrus Cylinder is known as the first charter for human rights. The first king of Persia, Cyrus conquered Babylon and freed all slaves and allowed the citizens to believe in their own beliefs. Later this event would spread to India, Greece and Rome. Then in Rome, the idea of natural law arose. Different documents include the Magna Carta, Petition of Right, Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights.

"Global Education First Initiative (GEFI) | Education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization." Global Education First Initiative (GEFI) | Education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2013. <http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/globaleducation-first-initiative-gefi/>. The Global Education First Initiative that was formed in September 2012 wants to reach the goal of putting every child to school, improving the quality of education and fostering global citizenship. Although everyone has the right to learn, there are about 57million children who are not able to go to school. Also, there are about 250 million people that are not able to read and write. "EFA Goals." EFA Goals | Education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-internationalagenda/education-for-all/efa-goals/>. This website has the six Education for All Goals that UNESCO would want to achieve by 2015. The first goal is expand and improve early childhood care. Second is that they would ensure education to all by 2015. This includes ethnic minorities and those who live in difficult circumstances. The third goal is to ensure everyone the life-skills programs. The fourth goal is to achieve 50 percent improvement in adult literacy. The fifth goal is to eliminate gender discrimination by 2015 and focus on

girls' full and god quality of education. The last goal is to improve the quality of education focusing on literacy, numeracy and life skills. "Right to Education." Help Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2013. <http://www.unicefusa.org/work/education/>. This website is about ways to help children to receive education. One of the examples was providing School in a Box kit to kids. These ideas are created to be able to give children the opportunity to get rid of poverty.

"Right to Education." Attorney-General's Department. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2013. <http://www.ag.gov.au/RightsAndProtections/HumanRights/PublicSectorGuidanceSh eets/Pages/Righttoeducation.aspx>. This website explains the Right to Education and it says that many article have stated that every child should be able to receive free and compulsory education.

"The Right to Education." Amnesty International USA. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013. <http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/children-s-rights/the-right-toeducation>. This website had many reasons for why children are unable to receive education. It also said that these people should be able to go to school without any discrimination. "Education." UNICEF UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2013. <http://www.unicef.org.uk/UNICEFs-Work/Our-mission/Childrens-rights/Education/>. This website was about the UNICEF taking action to give every child the opportunity to go to school. Many girls are unable to go to school and they are finding many ways to help them. "Right to Education | Azim Premji Foundation." Right to Education | Azim Premji Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2013. <http://azimpremjifoundation.org/Right_to_Education>. This website had many cases on fighting for the Right to Education. Many ethnic minorities are discriminated and they are unable to go to school. Therefore the wealthier nations should help support the other nations. "Right to Education." Right to Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2013. <http://www.manskligarattigheter.se/en/human-rights/what-rights-are-there/right-toeducation>. This website had information about the right to education and everyone should be able to receive education so that there wouldnt be discrimination in education.