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Project:

Subject:

LINK LIGHT RAIL - DS 720


McCLELLAN STATION
COLUMN SHEAR CAPACITY

Engineer:
Date:

YP
30-Dec-13

Checker:
Date:

AASHTO LRFD with 2002 Interims

Geometry
Column Shape

Materials
Rectangular

Short dimension
Long dimension
Clear to spiral from long side

B=
L=
CL =

1,250.0 mm
1,500.0 mm
87.5 mm

Clear to spiral from short side

CB =

75.0 mm

f'c =
30 MPa
fy =
420 MPa
j=
0.9
Ec = 25,907.3 MPa
Es = 200,000 MPa

Spiral bar diameter


dbs =
12.0 mm
Long. Bar diameter
dbl =
32.0 mm
Number of spirals
n=
2.0
Spiral bar area
Ab =
113.1 mm
Total Longitudinal Reinforcement
As =
32,169.9 mm
Concrete Gross Area
Ag = BL 1,875,000.0 mm
One spiral concrete core
Dc = B - 2CL
Core diameter
1,075.0 mm
Core Area
Ac1 = 0.7854*Dc = 907,625.8 mm
Gross Area
Ag1 = 0.7854*B = 1,227,184.6 mm
Diam. of CL spiral
D' = Dc-dbs =
1,063.0 mm
Diam. at CL long. bars
Dr =Dc-2dbs-dbl =
1,019.0 mm
d =Dc/2+Dr/p =
Effective Depth
861.9 mm
PLASTIC HINGE ZONE CONFINEMENT
Minimum volumeric ratio of spiral reinforcement in the plastic hinge zone:

A
f/
rs = 0.45 g1 1 c =
Ac1 f y
f/
r s = 0 .12 c =
fy
Maximum ratio

rs =

Ab rs Dc
=
=
S
4
Maximum pitch

S=

1.13%

0.86%
1.13%
3.0414 mm/mm
37.19 < 100 mm

OK

Page 1 of 8

Project:
Subject:

LINK LIGHT RAIL - DS 720


McCLELLAN STATION
COLUMN SHEAR CAPACITY

YP

Engineer:
Date:

30-Dec-13

Checker:
Date:

SHEAR CAPACITY IN PLASTIC HINGE ZONE (Assume no concrete cover)

Loads

IN STRONG DIRECTION

IN WEAK DIRECTION

Shear
Axial
Moment

Shear
Axial
Moment

Vu =
Nu =
Mu =

800,000 N
1,455 N
16,272 kN-m

bV = B-2CL =

Effective Width

1,075.0 mm

dV =L-CB-B/2+Dr/p =

Effective Depth
Longitudinal Reinforcement As =

0 <= k1=Nu/(0.1Agf'c) =
Vc =
k1*Vc =
Vs = Vu/j - k1*Vc =
Required
q=
b=

1,124.4 mm
8,042.5 mm
0.26
917,631.2
237,360.6
651,528.3
43.9
1.67

Ab 2VS tan(q )
=
=
S
pnD / f y
Maximum pitch

Vu =
Nu =
Mu =

500,000
1,355
6,780

bV = L - 2CB =

1,350.0

dV =B/2-CL+Dr/p =
As =

861.9
8,042.5

k1 =
Vc =
k1*Vc =
Vs =
q=
b=

0.24
883,333.2
97,055.6
458,499.9
43.9
1.67

Ab/S =

0.315

S=

359.52

<= 1
N
N
N
deg

0.447 mm/mm

S=

253.01 mm

Smax =

253.01 mm

SHEAR CAPACITY OUTSIDE PLASTIC HINGE ZONE

Loads

IN STRONG DIRECTION

IN WEAK DIRECTION

Shear
Axial
Moment

Shear
Axial
Moment

Vu =
Nu =
Mu =
bV = B =

Effective Width

Effective Depth dV =L-B/2+Dr/p=


Longitudinal Reinforcement As =

Required

100,000 N
1,000 N
7,000 kN-m

Maximum pitch

S=

80,000
1,355
4,000

bV = L =

1,500.0

dV =B/2+Dr/p =

949.4
8,042.5

1,250.0 mm
1,199.4 mm
8,042.5 mm

k1 =
1
Vc = 1,202,743.7 N
k1*Vc = 1,202,743.7 N
Vs = Vu/j - Vc = ########## N
q=
42.9 deg
b=
1.76
Ab/S =

Vu =
Nu =
Mu =

As =

k1 =
1
Vc = 1,325,934.1
k1*Vc = 1,325,934.1
Vs = Vu/j - Vc = -1,237,045.2
q=
39.3
b=
2.05

-0.722 mm/mm
-156.64 mm

Smax = -156.91 mm

Ab/S =

-0.721

S=

-156.91

Page 2 of 8

Project #
Page:

Page 3 of 8

Project #
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N
N
kN-m
mm
mm
mm

N
N
N
deg

mm/mm
mm

N
N
kN-m
mm
mm
mm

N
N
N
deg

mm/mm
mm

Page 4 of 8

Project:
Subject:

LINK LIGHT RAIL - DS 720


McCLELLAN STATION
COLUMN SHEAR CAPACITY

YP

Engineer:
Date:

Project #

30-Dec-13

Checker:

Page:

Date:

CONCRETE SECTION SHEAR CAPACITY BY AASHTO LRFD BRIDGE DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS (2000 INTERIM)
Capacity Reduction Factors:
fV =
0.9
fM =
0.9
fN =
0.9
Concrete:
f'c =
Ec =
Ac =

30 MPa
25907 MPa
937500 mm

Section Geometry:
bv =
1500 mm
dv =
949.4 mm

Units:

Mild Steel:
fy =
420 MPa
Es =
200000 MPa
As = 8042.477 mm

Loads:
Mu =
Vu =

600
1.624
-1237045
-2.535
402.0
247.6
OK

MPa
MPa
MPa
mm

Stirrups:
Av =
s=
Av/S =

402 mm
200 mm

0 N

v=

-1355 N

v/fc =

0.00208

ex =

0.00132

(LRFD 5.8.3.4.2-1)

Fe =

1.000

(LRFD 5.8.3.4.2-3)

ex*Fe =

0.00132

0.062 MPa

(LRFD 5.8.3.4.2-1)

Determination of q and b
(LRFD 5.8.3.3-3)
(LRFD 5.8.3.3-4)
(LRFD 5.8.3.3-1)
(LRFD 5.8.3.3-2)

Stirrups Requirements:
Smax <=
Av/S (min) =
Req'd Vs =
Req'd Av/S =
Av =
S <=

Prestressed Steel:
fps =
1860
fpe =
1300
Ep =
200000
Aps =
0

Concrete Stresses:
4000 kN-M
80000 N
fpo =0.7fps
1302.0 MPa

Vp =
Nu =

Shear Capacity Calculations:


Vc = 1325934 N
Vs =
980691 N
Vp =
0 N
Vn = 2306625 N
Vn(max)= 10680275 N
fVn = 2075963 N

SI

q
b
q1
q q1

=
=
=
=

39.26
2.05
39.26
0.00

(Trial value)
(LRFD Table 5.8.3.4.2-1)
(LRFD Table 5.8.3.4.2-1)

Longitudinal Reinforcing:
mm
mm/mm
N
mm/mm
mm
mm

(LRFD 5.8.2.7-1,2)
(LRFD 5.8.2.5-1)
(Vu/fv-Vc-Vp)
(Vs/(bv*dv*cotq))

As*fy+Aps*fps = 3377840 N
Req'd Force = 4189532 N
FAILED

(LRFD 5.8.3.5-1)

Final Shear Design Statement: FAILED

Formulas:
Determine unit shear stress:
v = (Vu-fVp)/(fbv*dv)
(5.8.3.4.2-1)
Determine strain in reinforcement on tension side of the member:

ex = (Mu/dv + 0.5Nu +0.5(Vu-Vp)*cotq - Aps*fpo)/2(EsAs+EpAps) <= 0.002(5.8.3.4.2-1)


If ex < 0 (compression) then ex = ex*(EpAps+EsAs)/(EcAc+EpAps+EsAs)

(5.8.3.4.2-3)

Stress in reinforcement when stress in concrete is zero


fpo = fpe+fpc*(Ep/Ec)
(C5.8.3.4.2-1)
From Figure 5.8.3.4.2-1 find values of q and b as a function of concrete shear stress v and strain ex
Calculate shear capacity of concrete Vc
Vc = 0.083 b*sqrt(f'c)bv*dv
(5.8.3.3-3)
Calculate stirrups shear capacity Vs
Vs = Av*fy*dv*cotq/S

(5.8.3.3-4)

Calculate total shear capacity Vn, as


Lesser of:
Vn = Vc+Vs+Vp
Vn = 0.25f'c*bv*dv+Vp
fVn =min(Vn1, Vn2)
Maximum Spacing of Stirrups, S

(5.8.3.3-1)
(5.8.3.3-2)

(5.8.2.7)

if Vu < 0.1 f'c*bv*dv then S<=0.8dv<=600 mm


if Vu >= 0.1 f'c*bv*dv then S<=0.4dv<=300 mm
Minimum shear reinforcing
Av/S >=0.083*Sqrt(f'c)*bv/fy

(5.8.2.5-1)

Longitudinal reinforcement requirements


As*fy+Aps*fps >= Mu/(dvfM)+0.5Nu/fN+(Vu/fV-0.5Vs-Vp)cotq

(5.8.3.5-1)

Notations:
Av
bv
dv
de
h
q
b
Ac
fpe
fpc

Area of shear reinforcing within S


Effective web width (5.8.2.7)
Effective shear depth taken as a distance between resultants of the tensile and compressive
forces due to flexure, but need not be taken less than greater of 0.9de or 0.72h
effective depth from extreme compression fiber to the centroid of tensile force
overall depth of member
angle of inclination of diagonal compressive stresses.
concrete shear capacity factor
area of concrete on the flexural tension side of the member (5.8.3.4.2 Fig. 3)
effective stress in prestressing steel after losses
compressive stress in concrete at the centroid of section resisting live load.

q - VALUES FROM TABLE 5.8.3.4.2-1


v/f'c

ex

-2.00E-03
-2.00E-04
-1.00E-04
-5.00E-05
0

0
18
18
20.4
21
21.8

0.075
18
18
20.4
21
21.8

0.1
18.1
18.1
20.4
21.4
22.5

0.125
19.9
19.9
21.9
22.8
23.7

0.15
21.6
21.6
23.3
24.2
25

0.175
23.2
23.2
24.7
25.5
26.2

1.25E-04

24.3

24.3

24.9

25.9

26.9

28

2.50E-04
5.00E-04
7.50E-04
1.00E-03
1.50E-03
2.00E-03
2.00E-02

26.6
30.5
33.7
36.4
40.8
43.9
43.9

26.6
30.5
33.7
36.4
40.8
43.9
43.9

27.1
30.8
34
36.7
40.8
43.1
43.1

27.9
31.4
34.4
37
41
43.2
43.2

28.8
32.1
34.9
37.3
40.5
42.8
42.8

29.7
32.7
35.2
36.8
39.7
42.2
42.2

0.2
24.7
24.7
26.1
26.7
27.4

0.225
26.1
26.1
27.3
27.9
28.5

0.25
27.5
27.5
28.6
29.1
29.7

29

30

30.6

30.6
32.8
34.5
36.1
39.2
41.7
41.7

30.8
32.3
34
35.7
38.8
41.4
41.4

31.3
32.8
34.3
35.8
38.6
41.2
41.2

b - VALUES FROM TABLE 5.8.3.4.2-1


v/f'c

ex

-2.00E-03
-2.00E-04
-1.00E-04
-5.00E-05
0
1.25E-04

0
6.32
6.32
4.75
4.1
3.75
3.24

0.075
6.32
6.32
4.75
4.1
3.75
3.24

0.1
3.79
3.79
3.38
3.24
3.14
2.91

0.125
3.18
3.18
2.99
2.94
2.87
2.74

0.15
2.88
2.88
2.79
2.78
2.72
2.6

0.175
2.73
2.73
2.66
2.65
2.6
2.52

0.2
2.63
2.63
2.59
2.52
2.51
2.43

0.225
2.53
2.53
2.45
2.42
2.4
2.34

0.25
2.39
2.39
2.39
2.33
2.33
2.12

2.50E-04

2.94

2.94

2.75

2.62

2.52

2.44

2.37

2.14

1.93

5.00E-04
7.50E-04
1.00E-03
1.50E-03
2.00E-03
2.00E-02

2.59
2.38
2.23
1.95
1.67
1.67

2.59
2.38
2.23
1.95
1.67
1.67

2.5
2.32
2.18
1.93
1.69
1.69

2.42
2.26
2.13
1.9
1.67
1.67

2.36
2.21
2.08
1.82
1.61
1.61

2.28
2.14
1.96
1.71
1.54
1.54

2.14
1.94
1.79
1.61
1.47
1.47

1.86
1.73
1.64
1.51
1.39
1.39

1.7
1.58
1.5
1.38
1.29
1.29

b Values
7

Strain
(ex)

-2.00E-04

-1.00E-04

1.25E-04

2.50E-04
5.00E-04

7.50E-04
1.00E-03

1.50E-03

2.00E-03

0
0

0.05

0.1

v/f'c

0.15

0.2

0.25

q - Values

44
42

Strain
(ex)

40

38
-2.00E-04

34

-1.00E-04

q, degrees

36

32

1.25E-04

30

2.50E-04
5.00E-04

28

7.50E-04

26

1.00E-03

24

1.50E-03
2.00E-03

22

20
0

0.05

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25

v/f'c

Figure 5.8.3.4.2-1 Values of q and b for Sections with Transverse Reinforcement