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CLEAN-OUT SolutIonS

Best In class

CLEAN-OUT SOLUTIONS

Oil and gas wells often contain unwanted components along with the hydrocarbons; sand, scale, mud, etc. To keep production optimized, periodic intervention should be performed to remove this debris. Welltecs clean-out solutions ensure access in new wells and bring producing wells back on-line fast and efciently. Running on e-line, these modular tools have proven to be robust and effective in maintaining and restoring production across a diverse environments including horizontal wells. 2

Range of services:
Removing sand and debris Cleaning SSSV seats Clearing obstructions Eliminating scale deposits Accessing isolation valves

CLEAN-OUT
TOOLS

WELL CLEANER PST WELL CLEANER


WITH ROTATING HEADS

WELL CLEANER RCB WELL MILLER


FOR SCALE REMOVAL
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FOR CLEAN-OUT SolutIonS


WELL CLEANER POWER SUCTION TOOL

318 PST HF

318 PST HV

318 PST LD

The Well Cleaner Power Suction Tool (PST) is the ideal choice for removal of loose debris in the well. Using high-rate uid circulation, the Well Cleaner PST

The Well Cleaner PST High Vacuum (HV) maximizes the drawdown force thereby increasing the ability to recover heavier pieces of debris. The Well Cleaner PST Large Draw

TYPES OF JOBS
Removal of:
Sand Debris Mud Silt Proppant Barite

WELL CLEANER PST


Body tool OD Length Weight in air Completion ID Volume/bailer section Available bailer sizes Debris size Max. well pressure Max. temperature Tensile strength Compressive strength
*

218 HF
2 1/8" 28.8 ft
*

318 HF
3 1/8" 27 ft
*

318 HV
3 1/8" 27.4 ft
*

318 LD
3 1/8" 28.9 ft* 375 lbs* 3.4" to 12.6"
**

TYPEs OF JOBS

172 lbs* 2.19" to 8.2" 0.66 to 1.5 gallons 2 1/8" to 3"*** 0.0025" to 1.5"**** 20 kpsi 302 F 24,000 lbs 50,000 lbs
**

309 lbs* 3.4" to 12.6" 1.7 to 3.3 gallons 3 1/8" to 4 1/4"*** 0.0025" to 3"**** 25 kpsi 302 F 38,000 lbs 50,000 lbs
**

313 lbs* 3.4" to 12.6" 1.7 to 3.3 gallons 3 1/8" to 4 1/4"*** 0.0025" to 3"**** 25 kpsi 302 F 38,000 lbs 50,000 lbs

agitates the debris and captures it in bailers within the tool. A number of versions exist which allow for the most effective solution to the problem and environment encountered. The Well Cleaner PST High Flow (HF) maximizes the ow velocity output from the tool. This in turn allows for the longest bailer length and subsequently the highest debris recovery per trip.

down (LD) is an effective combination of the HV and HF versions. It is optimized to recover the largest payload over a wide range of debris sizes and types. The Well Cleaner PST can be run independently in vertical wells or with the Well Tractor to provide clean-out solu

1.7 to 3.3 gallons** 3 1/8" to 4 1/4"*** 0.0025" to 3"**** 25 kpsi 302 F 38,000 lbs 50,000 lbs

tions in horizontal and extended reach wells. 4

Specications based on standard conguration with 3 bailer sections. **Depending on conguration *** Other sizes available on request ****Large object jaws and chamber available on request. Specications are subject to change without notice.

FOR CLEAN-OUT SolutIonS


WELL CLEANER WITH ROTATING HEAdS

Wishbone honer

Safety Valve BrUsh

dry environment

The Well Cleaner with Rotating Heads is designed specically to remove deposits left on the walls or completion components in the well. Over time, these often lead to decreased production or malfunctioning hardware. The Well Cleaner's different rotating heads remove these deposits to restore full functionality and production. The Well Cleaner Wishbone Honer (WBH) is designed to clean deposits from tubular walls over intervals where the internal diameter changes, such as mandrels and proles.

The Well Cleaner Safety Valve Brush (SVB) is built to remove scale and debris build-up on subsurface safety valves, restoring the ability to maintain pressure integrity. The Well Cleaner Dry Environment (DE) is designed specically for cleaning in dry environments. The auger at the tip loosens the debris and transports it into the bailer sections of the tool. The Well Cleaner with rotating heads

TYPEs OF JOBS

WELL CLEANER

318 WBH
3 1/8" 10.3 ft** 95 lbs
**

318 SVB
3 1/8" 13 ft** 275 lbs
**

WELL CLEANER
Body tool OD Length Weight in air Completion ID Max. well pressure Max. temperature Tensile strength Compressive strength Debris volume/bailer section Available bailer sizes Debris size

312 DE
3 1/2" 22 ft* 307 lbs* 3.6" to 9.0" 25 kpsi 400 F 38,000 lbs 50,000 lbs 2.1 gallons** 3 1/2"*** 0.004"to 0.3"****

TYPEs OF JOBS

Removal of: Wax Parafn Mud solids Sand Cement Clay Shale Scale Salt Hydrates Debris

Body tool OD Length Weight in air Completion ID Max. well pressure Max. temperature Tensile strength Compressive strength Brush diameter

3.4" to 7.9" 25 kpsi 400 F 42,000 lbs 50,000 lbs 3 1/8"

3.4" to 7.9" 25 kpsi 400 F 38,000 lbs 50,000 lbs 6"

is run in combination with the Well Tractor to apply weight-on-bit as necessary and to counter reactive torque.

***

Specications based on standard conguration with 3 bailer sections. **Depending on conguration Other sizes available on request ****Large object jaws and chamber available on request. Specications are subject to change without notice.

FOR CLEAN-OUT SOLUTIONS


WELL CLEANER REVERSE CIRCULATING BIT

RCB

NOZZLE BRUSH

WELL CLEANER RCB

318
3 1/8" 3.4" to 7.0" 26.7 ft
*

312
3 1/2" 3.8" to 7.0" 27.6 ft* 247 lbs* 3.9"
**

TYPEs OF JOBS

The Well Cleaner Reverse Circulating Bit tool incorporates both a rotary system and a suction system that are combined for maximum efciency. This design breaks down hard debris and recovers the cuttings to the surface in the same run. The Well Cleaner Reverse Circulating Bit (RCB) effectively crushes mineral deposits like scale and cement, which are then captured in the integrated bailer system. It is the ideal solution for

removal of temporary cement plugs or hard-packed bridges of deposits. The Nozzle Brush can be used on the tool in place of the RCB to remove hard deposits from the walls of the tubulars and retrieve them simultaneously. The Well Cleaner RCB tool is run in combination with the Well Tractor to apply weight-on-bit as necessary and to counter reactive torque.

TYPES OF JOBS
Cleaning and removal of:
Cement Salts Scale Consolidated barite Consolidated debris

Body tool OD Bit sizes Length Weight in air Completion ID Volume/bailer section Debris size Max. well pressure Max. temperature, up to Tensile strength Compressive strength
*

249 lbs* 3.5" 1.58 gallons

1.58 gallons** 0.012" to 0.472"** 25 kpsi 400 F 42,000 lbs 50,000 lbs

0.012" to 0.472"** 25 kpsi 302 F 42,000 lbs 50,000 lbs

***

Specications based on standard conguration with 3 bailer sections. **Depending on conguration Other sizes available on request ****Large object jaws and chamber available on request. Specications are subject to change without notice.

FOR CLEAN-OUT SolutIons


WELL MILLER FOR SCALE REMOVAL

FULL BORE bit

CORE BIT

WIRE BIT

TYPEs OF JOBS

The Well Miller for Scale Removal transforms the Well Miller into a clean

a tighter tolerance to the ID, it is a perfect solution for removal of scale patches over long intervals. The Wire Bit is developed specically for milling scale that has settled on or inside valves in the wellbore. It is built to attack scale in irregular holes, depressions and upsets in the wellbore. Scale removal with the Well Miller is run in combination with the Well Tractor to apply weight-on-bit as necessary and to counter reactive torque.

TYPES OF JOBS
Removal of
Scale Cement Salt Sulfates Hydrates Calcite

WELL MILLER
Body tool OD Length Weight in air Completion ID Max. well pressure Max. temperature, up to Tensile strength Compressive strength

218
2 1/8" 10 ft* 70 lbs* 2.25
*

212
2 1/2" 10 ft* 70 lbs* 2.6
*

318
3 1/8" 10.4 ft to 12.2 ft* 95 lbs* 3.25
*

312
3 1/2" 10.4 ft to 12.2 ft* 95 lbs* 3.6* 25 kpsi 400 F* 42,000 lbs 50,000 lbs

out solution for removing accumulations which cant be removed effectively with brushing. The Full-bore Bit is ideal for attacking layers of scale that are severely reducing the ID and thus affecting production. It is designed to mill through substantial amounts of build-up and restore the tubular to full bore. The Scale Core Bit is designed for shaving scale sheathes from the inner walls with diamond tipped nesse. With

25 kpsi 400 F
*

25 kpsi 400 F
*

25 kpsi 400 F
*

36,000 lbs 30,000 lbs

36,000 lbs 42,000 lbs

42,000 lbs 50,000 lbs

Depending on conguration. Specications are subject to change without notice.

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HEAVY INTERVENTIONS
WITH A LIGHT TOUCH

CLEAN-OUT SOLUTIONS
KEYHOLE SURGERY
A main feature of Welltecs solutions is the ability to deliver heavy duty results with high precision. This enables operators to apply surface monitored and controlled applications to a specic and predetermined part of the well, reducing the risk of damaging the wellbore, providing safer operations and enabling more interventions. As a result, reservoir drainage is optimized and the economic lifespan of wells and elds is prolonged.

ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
One of Welltecs key values is to provide solutions that minimize negative impacts on the environment. This is achieved by building small equipment for performing interventions, resulting in less emissions, and a reduced carbon footprint. Welltecs solutions can even be transported by helicopter minimizing both impact on the environment and mobilization time.

INHERENTLY SAFER OPERATIONS


As a company, Welltec continuously strives to increase safety. During operations, this translates into using fewer people, requiring a reduced number of lifts, and eliminating the need for explosives. On locations with limited space, such as small offshore platforms, between decks and Light Intervention Vessels, Welltec's e-line solutions offer improved logistics and reduced safety risks.

FEATURES
Powerful suction Variable nozzle designs Works with rotating bits Congurable Integrated bailers Bits, brushes and suction

BENEFITS
Measurable recovery Accurate depth control High recovery rate Efcient performance Removes wide range of debris & scale Recovers debris from well Cleaning without uids

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for clean-out solutIons

With proven results in a wide variety of environments and the ability to tailor solutions to your needs, Welltec offers

SUccessfUl Revival of Sanded oUt Oil ProdUcer


Over a period of eight years, an offshore Vietnam well had been producing sand along with approximately 1,000 bbl of liquids per day. Production decline led to an intervention where it was determined that the well was plugged with sand. The Well Cleaner PST removed 2,600 lbs of sand, clearing approximately 4,777 ft of sand bridges deposited across a number of different depths. The well was then returned to an optimized production rate.
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Improving efficiency in Eagle Ford completions


In a ve well campaign testing efciency improvements achieved by replacing CT clean-out with e-line prior to perforating, completion costs were reduced by more than 50%, eliminating the need for uids and improving HSE performance. Due to its rotating head, suction and bailer features, the Well Cleaner

Worlds first hydrate milling on e-line


A hydrate plug of unknown length was conrmed below the subsea tree in a water injection well offshore UK. The Well Cleaner RCB, tted with a 3.8 milling bit, was selected. In less than 20 hours, 173 ft of hydrates were removed to a depth that allowed the operator to re-establish functionality to the downhole safety valve. The operation was performed as RLWI and it was the worlds rst milling of hydrate on e-line.
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RLWI Milling and Retrieving Hard Debris


Statoil challenged Welltec

Removing Cement Stringers on E-line


An operator in Alberta, Canada experienced recurring problems with cement stringers, causing a portion of their wellbores to be abandoned due to the timing of CT vs. frac dates. By using the Well Cleaner RCB, cement stringers was removed in a quarter of the time compared to CT while also eliminating pumping requirements, enabling the operator to reach TD and shoot the well without delaying fracturing. Due to successful testing this procedure is now standard on all 4 cemented liners.
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to devel-

a fast, efcient option for enabling initial production or returning wells to full potential as illustrated by the following case stories.

op an RLWI solution for removing very hard debris and pulling a plug. The Well Cleaner RCB broke through and loosened up the debris around the outside of the shing neck on the rst run. Then the Well Cleaner PST removed the remaining debris around the shing neck to allow for grappling. In the same run, the plug was caught and pulled using the Well Stroker . Statoil got the well

RCB was the ideal solution, milling and retrieving in the same run. A total of 1,085 ft of cement was successfully retrieved. Once cleaned, the Well Tractor conveyed the perforating guns to the exact, required depth.
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back on-line a year earlier than with any other solution.


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E-Line milling increases prodUction by 150%


Welltec delivered a non-intrusive, e-line

Recovering 2700 lbs of debris in Gabon


An operator in Gabon encountered debris preventing injectivity in a remote water injection well vital to the Koula production system in a sensitive jungle. The Well Cleaner PST was the ideal, low

Cleaning SSSV with well flowing


Debris had settled in the top area of the ow tube of a Sub Sea Safety Valve (SSSV), causing sealing problems in a well offshore Mexico. Welltec was selected due to track record of similar operations. After careful pre-job planning, and a gauge run to conrm free passage to SSSV depth, the inner prole of the SSSV was cleaned with the Well Cleaner WBH in just one hour of cleaning time, while the well was still owing at 2,100 BOPD, and the SSSV seal functionality was fully restored.
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Debris Removal on E-line in SAGD Well


A production decline was experienced in a SAGD well with extremely high temperatures and well-known sanding issues. Making the best of Welltecs cleaning solutions, the Well Cleaner PST and

Worlds First 212 Scale Milling Job on E-line


An offshore well in Malaysia was suffering from severe CaCO3 scale build up problems that had reduced oil production from the short string to only 70 bbl/ day. Coiled tubing (CT) was not an option due to limited deck space and crane capacity. Utilizing a combination of the Well Tractor and Well Miller, a total of 5,350 ft CaCO3 scale interval was milled. The operation was performed approximately four days faster than CT.
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Retrieving asphaltenes, RLWI water depth record


Capitalizing on RLWI efciency, an operator successfully intervened in a subsea well in 3,991 ft of water. They wanted to set a lock-open sleeve across a failed subsurface safety valve. Unfortunately, a slickline gauge run indicated obstructions after only ~1,000 ft. To investigate further, the Well Tractor and Well Cleaner RCB were selected. After milling, the tools were retrieved with bailers full of asphaltenes. The operator concluded that these unexpected deposits would likely be present throughout the well.
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solution when an operator offshore Indonesia was facing scale build-up in several restricted access elds that couldnt handle excessive amounts of uids. In just six days, a series of runs were performed to remove scale on four pilot wells using combinations of the Well Tractor, Well Stroker, Well Miller and Well Cleaner , allowing the operator to

footprint solution for this delicate environment. Over 18 successful runs, ~2,700 lbs of debris were recovered. Despite this, the HUD did not change signicantly, thus conrming larger issue, providing valuable information to the operator to further diagnose the cause and initiate appropriate measures.
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Well Cleaner DE were combined and successfully removed 310 liters of sand over a distance of 2,073 ft. Welltecs solution required half the personnel as the alternatives which would have been technically challenging in this thermal, deviated, open liner conguration located in Canada.
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add new perforations and increase well production from 1.13 MMSCF to 3.8 MMSCF.
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on clean-out solutIons
distance

taBle
TemperatUre INches Fractional 2" 2 1/8" 2 1/4" Decimal 2.000 2.125 2.250 2.375 2.500 2.625 2.750 2.875 3.000 3.125 3.250 3.375 3.500 3.625 3.750 3.875 4.000 4.125 4.250 4.375 4.500 Metric mm 50.8 54.0 57.2 60.3 63.5 66.7 69.9 73.0 76.2 79.4 82.6 85.7 88.9 92.1 95.3 98.4 101.6 104.8 108.0 111.1 114.3 fahreNheit 68 86 104 122 140 158 176 194 212 230 248 266 286 302 320 338 356 374 392 410 428 446 C x 9/5 + 32 = F F - 32 x 5/9 = C celsius 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 PressUre psi 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 15,000 16,000 17,000 18,000 19,000 20,000 21,000 22,000 23,000 24,000 25,000 26,000 1 Bar = 14.504 PSI 1 PSI = 0.069 Bar BAR 344.8 413.7 482.7 551.6 620.6 689.5 758.5 827.4 896.4 965.3 1,034.3 1,103.2 1,172.2 1,241.1 1,310.1 1,379.0 1,448.0 1,516.9 1,585.9 1,654.8 1,723.8 1,792.6 VolUme us galloNs 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5 1.75 2 2.25 2.5 2.75 3 3.25 3.5 3.75 4 4.25 4.5 4.75 5 5.25 5.5 liters 0.95 1.89 2.84 3.79 4.73 5.68 6.62 7.57 8.52 9.46 10.41 11.36 12.30 13.25 14.19 15.14 16.09 17.03 17.98 18.93 19.87 20.82

SPE 163925: Optimal Sand Cleaning Algorithms for Planning and Executing Electric Wireline Suction Tool Operations by W. Nunez, OXY Colombia; L. Perez, SPE, B. Schwanitz, SPE, (Welltec) presented at the SPE/ICoTA, The Woodlands, TX 2013. SPE 163931: Using Electric-Line Tools To Clean Wellbore Laterals and Perforate Toes by L.D. Gomez, SPE, Welltec, and N. Miller, SPE, and K. Binnion, SPE, Marathon Oil Corporation presented at the SPE/ICoTA, The Woodlands, TX, 2013. SPE 159636: World First Riserless Light Well Intervention (RLWI) Technique to Mill and Clean Hard-Packed Debris, and Then Pull a Bridge Plug From a Live Subsea Well Using Electric Wireline by Quentin Delot and Svein Helge

Gundersen (Statoil), Tommy Eikeland, Normann Skeie (Welltec ) presented at

IPTC 14585: A Pragmatic Approach to Enhanced Performance of Slim Mono-Bore Wells by Lam Fei Shiong (Welltec) presented at the IPTC, Bangkok, 2011.

the SPE ATCE, San Antonio, TX, 2012. SPE 154411: Case Story: Rigless Debris Removal from a Subsea Safety Valve with a Wishbone Honer Brush on Electric Line written by Rogelio Higa (PEMEX) and Percy A. Saavedra (Welltec) presented at the SPE/ICoTA, The Woodlands, 2012.

SPE 143358: Light Well Intervention Scale Milling Enables Reservoir Access by Bronson Larkins (BP) and Donald Mitchell (Welltec) presented at the SPE/ ICoTA, The Woodlands, 2011. SPE 134950: Breaking the Boundaries

2 3/8" 2 1/2" 2 5/8" 2 3/4" 2 7/8" 3" 3 1/8" 3 1/4" 3 3/8" 3 1/2" 3 5/8" 3 3/4" 3 7/8" 4"

SPE 143226: Riser Less Well Intervention for Subsea Work Over by Terje Skeie, yvind Hjorteland and Michael Macdonald Arnskov (Welltec) presented at the Brazil Offshore, Maca, 2011.

for Wireline Sand Removal by Ole Eddie Karlsen (Welltec ) and Ole Erling Mathi

assen (Statoil) presented at the SPE/ATCE, Florence, 2010. SPE 119382: Electric Wireline Milling New Solutions for New Challenges by Bob Joyce (Welltec ) presented at the

4 1/8" 4 1/4" 4 3/8" 4 1/2"

SPE/IADC, Amsterdam, 2009.

1 cm = 0.394 inch, 1 inch = 2.540 cm, 1 foot = 0.305 meters, 1 meter = 3.281 feet

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Copyright 2013 Welltec A/S All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of Welltec A/S. Welltec, Well Tractor, Well Stroker, Well Key, Well Cleaner, Well Miller, Welltec Release Device, Well Cutter and Welltec Annular Barrier are trademarks of Welltec A/S and may be registered in Denmark and/or in other countries. All products are protected by patents or patents pending.

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