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Poisson's ratio

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Poisson's ratio
When a material is stretched in one direction it tends to get thinner in the other two directions
When a sample of material is stretched in one direction it tends to get thinner in the other two directions. Poisson's ratio is the ratio of the relative contraction strain, or transverse strain normal to the applied load, to the relative extension strain, or axial strain in the direction of the applied load.

Engineering Standards

Poisson's Ratio can be expressed as = - t / l where = Poisson's ratio t = transverse strain (1)


l = longitudinal or axial strain Strain can be expressed as


= dl/L
m km in ft yards miles nautical miles


where dl = change in length L = initial length For most common materials the Poisson's ratio is in the range 0 - 0.5.

Typical Poisson's Ratios fro some Common Materials


Material Upper limit Aluminum Aluminum, 6061-T6 Aluminum, 2024-T4 Beryllium Copper Brass, 70-30 Brass, cast Bronze Concrete Copper Cork Glass, Soda Glass, Float Granite Ice Inconel

Poisson's Ratio 0.5 0.334 0.35 0.32 0.285 0.331 0.357 0.34 0.1 - 0.2 0.355 0 0.22 0.2 - 0.27 0.2 - 0.3 0.33 0.27 - 0.38

liters in3 ft3 us gal


m/s km/h ft/min ft/s mph knots


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Poisson's ratio

Pa (N/m2) bar mm H2O kg/cm2 psi inches H2O

Material Iron, Cast - gray Iron, Cast Iron, Ductile Iron, Malleable Lead Limestone Magnesium Magnesium Alloy Marble Molybdenum Monel metal Nickel Silver Nickel Steel Polystyrene Phosphor Bronze Rubber Stainless Steel 18-8 Steel, cast Steel, Cold-rolled Steel, high carbon Steel, mild Titanium (99.0 Ti) Wrought iron Z-nickel Zinc

Poisson's Ratio 0.211 0.22 - 0.30 0.26 - 0.31 0.271 0.431 0.2 - 0.3 0.35 0.281 0.2 - 0.3 0.307 0.315 0.322 0.291 0.34 0.359 0.48 - ~0.5 0.305 0.265 0.287 0.295 0.303 0.32 0.278 0.36 0.331

Flow m3/s m3/h US gpm cfm

Engineering Standards

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