Chemistry, 6e (McMurry/Fay) Chapter 15 Applications of Aqueous Equilibria 15.

1 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization of a strong acid with a strong base? ) !Cl"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aCl"aq) ') !(%#"aq) # %!-"aq) ⇌ & !&%"l) C) !)"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $a)"aq) *) !)"aq) # %!-"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # )-"aq) nswer+ ' ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions &) Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization of a wea/ acid with a strong base? ) !Cl"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aCl"aq) ') !(%#"aq) # %!-"aq) ⇌ & !&%"l) C) !)"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $a)"aq) *) !)"aq) # %!-"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # )-"aq) nswer+ * ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions () Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization reaction of a strong acid with a wea/ base? ) !Cl"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aCl"aq) ') !(%#"aq) # %!-"aq) ⇌ & !&%"l) C) !Cl"aq) # $!("aq) ⇌ $!0Cl"aq) *) !(%#"aq) # $!("aq) ⇌ $!0#"aq) # !&%"l) nswer+ * ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions

0) Which is a net ionic equation for the neutralization reaction of a wea/ acid with a wea/ base? ) !(%#"aq) # %!-"aq) ⇌ & !&%"l) ') !)"aq) # $!("aq) ⇌ $!0#"aq) # )-"aq) C) !)"aq) # %!-"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # )-"aq) *) !(%#"aq) # $!("aq) ⇌ $!0#"aq) # !&%"l) nswer+ ' ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions

1 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.

5) What is the equation relating the equilibriu8 constant Kn for the neutralization of a wea/ acid with a wea/ base to the Ka of the acid6 the Kb of the base and Kw? ) Kn 9 KaKbKw K K ') Kn 9 a b Kw K K C) Kn 9 a w Kb K K *) Kn 9 b w Ka nswer+ ' ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions :) What is the appro;i8ate <alue of the equilibriu8 constant6 Kn6 for the neutralization of acetic acid with sodiu8 h1dro;ide6 shown in the equation below? ,he Ka for acetic acid is 1.= > 13?5. C!(C%&!"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aC!(C%&"aq) ) 1.= > 13-1@ ') 5.: > 13-13 C) 1.= > 13-= *) 1.= > 13@ nswer+ * ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions A) What is the appro;i8ate <alue of the equilibriu8 constant6 Kn6 for the neutralization of p1ridine with h1drochloric acid6 shown in the equation below? ,he Kb for p1ridine is 1.= > 13?@. !Cl"aq) # C5!5$"aq) ⇌ C5!5$!Cl"aq) ) 5.: > 13-13 ') 5.: > 13-: C) 1.= > 135 *) 5.: > 13= nswer+ C ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions =) What is the appro;i8ate <alue of the equilibriu8 constant6 Kn6 for the neutralization of nitrous acid with a88onia6 shown in the equation below? ,he Ka for !$%& is 0.5 > 13?0 and the Bb for $!( is 1.= > 13?5. !$%&"aq) # $!("aq) ⇌ $!0$%&"aq)

) =.1 > 135 ') 1.= > 13@ C) 0.5 > 1313 *) =.1 > 131@ nswer+ ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions
& Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.

@) What is the appro;i8ate <alue of the equilibriu8 constant6 Kn6 for the neutralization of h1drochloric acid with sodiu8 h1dro;ide6 shown in the equation below? !Cl"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aCl"aq) ) 1.3 > 13& ') 1.3 > 13A C) 1.3 > 1310 *) 1.3 > 13&= nswer+ C ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions 13) ,he neutralization constant Kn for the neutralization of acet1lsalic1lic acid "C@!=%0) and codeine "C1=!&1$%() is 0.= × 130. ,he acid dissociation constant Ka for acet1lsalic1lic acid is (.3 × 13-0. What is the base dissociation constant Kb for codeine? ) 0.= × 13-&0 ') :.( × 13-&( C) 1.: × 13-: *) 1.0 × 1315 nswer+ C ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions 11) ,he neutralization constant Kn for the neutralization of phenobarbital "C1&!1&$&%() and 8orphine "C1A!1@$%() is &.@. ,he acid dissociation constant Ka for phenobarbital is (.@ × 13-=. What is the base dissociation constant Kb for 8orphine? ) 1.( × 13-&& ') :.( × 13-&( C) A.0 × 13-A *) 1.1 × 13A nswer+ C ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions 1&) Which of these neutralization reactions has a p! 9 A when equal 8olar a8ounts of acid and base are 8i;ed? ) C!(C%&!"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aC!(C%&"aq) ') !Cl"aq) # C5!5$"aq) ⇌ C5!5$!Cl"aq) C) !Cl"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aCl"aq) *) !$%&"aq) # $!("aq) ⇌ $!0$%&"aq) nswer+ C ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions

( Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.

1() Which of these neutralization reactions has a p! C A when equal 8olar a8ounts of acid and base are 8i;ed? ) C!(C%&!"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aC!(C%&"aq) ') !Cl"aq) # C5!5$"aq) ⇌ C5!5$!Cl"aq) C) !Cl"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aCl"aq) *) !&-%0"aq) # & B%!"aq) ⇌& !&%"l) # B&-%0"aq) nswer+ ' ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions 10) Which of these neutralization reactions has a p! D A when equal 8oles of acid and base are 8i;ed? ) C!(C%&!"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aC!(C%&"aq) ') !Cl"aq) # C5!5$"aq) ⇌ C5!5$!Cl"aq) C) !Cl"aq) # $a%!"aq) ⇌ !&%"l) # $aCl"aq) *) !&-%0"aq) # & B%!"aq) ⇌& !&%"l) # B&-%0"aq) nswer+ ,opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization .eactions 15) What is the co88on ion in a solution prepared b1 8i;ing 3.13 M $aC!(C%& with 3.13 M C!(C%&!? ) !(%# ') $a# C) C!(C%&*) %!nswer+ C ,opic+ -ection 15.& ,he Co88on-7on 5ffect 1:) When 53 8E of 3.13 M $!0Cl is added to 53 8E of 3.13 M $!(6 relati<e to the p! of the 3.13 M $!( solution the p! of the resulting solution will ) beco8e A. ') decrease. C) increase. *) re8ain the sa8e. nswer+ ' ,opic+ -ection 15.& ,he Co88on-7on 5ffect 1A) When 53 8E of 3.13 M $a) is added to 53 8E of 3.13 M !)6 relati<e to the p! of the 3.13 M !) solution the p! of the resulting solution will ) beco8e A. ') decrease. C) increase. *) re8ain the sa8e. nswer+ C ,opic+ -ection 15.& ,he Co88on-7on 5ffect

0 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.

he Co88on-7on 5ffect 5 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.he Co88on-7on 5ffect 1@) What is the p! of a solution prepared b1 8i. ) =.33 8E of 3.& .1=) What is the h1droniu8 ion concentration in a solution prepared b1 8i.13 M C!(C%&! with &5.35 nswer+ ' .33 8E of 3.A3 > 13-0 for 8eth1la8ine.A= nswer+ ' .& .00 C) 0. ) &.13 M 8eth1la88oniu8 chloride6 C!($!(Cl? ssu8e that the <olu8e of the solutions are additi<e and that Kb 9 (.33 8E of 3.33 8E of $aC$? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e and that Ka 9 0.33 8E of 3.13 M $!0Cl? ssu8e that the <olu8e of the solutions are additi<e and that Kb 9 1.@5 ') @.= > 13-13 M *) A.he Co88on-7on 5ffect &1) What is the p! of a solution prepared b1 8i.5A C) 13. .= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.=A ') 0.opic+ -ection 15.5: *) 11.33 8E of 3.= > 13-5 for $!(.1( nswer+ C .ing &5.33 8E of 3.13 M 8eth1la8ine6 C!($!&6 with &5.&: C) @.opic+ -ection 15.13 M !C$ with 53.ing &5.&A ') 13.he Co88on-7on 5ffect &3) What is the p! of a solution prepared b1 8i.opic+ -ection 15.ing 53.353 M C!(C%&$a? ssu8e that the <olu8e of the solutions are additi<e and that Ka 9 1.ing 53.& . ) 13.33 8E of 3.& .@ > 13-13 for !C$.13 M $!( with &5.=A *) 11. ) &.opic+ -ection 15.3 > 13-: M nswer+ C .@ > 13-13 M C) @.A0 *) 5.0 > 13-13 M ') 0.

3( nswer+ C .1A C) A.( 'uffer -olutions &() Which of the following co8binations of che8icals could be used to 8a/e a buffer solution? ) !ClF$a%! ') !ClF$!( C) !ClF!(4%0 *) $a%!F$!( nswer+ ' .(0 *) 11.( 'uffer -olutions : Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.opic+ -ection 15. ) A. *) 'uffers resist change in p! upon addition of s8all a8ounts of strong acid or strong base.( 'uffer -olutions &5) What is the p! of a buffered s1ste8 8ade b1 dissol<ing 1A.A3 gra8s of $!0Cl and &3.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.5= nswer+ ' .( 'uffer -olutions &:) What is the p! of a buffer s1ste8 8ade b1 dissol<ing 13.33 8E of 1&.0& g of B!&4%0 and &3.3( ') A.3 M $!( in enough water to 8a/e 1.1= ') @.he Ka& for dih1drogen phosphate is :.01 g of B&!4%0 in water to gi<e a <olu8e of &33. .(= *) A.&&) When equal 8olar a8ounts of the following sets of co8pounds are 8i. C) buffer does not change p! on addition of a strong acid or strong base.opic+ -ection 15.( 'uffer -olutions &0) Which state8ent about buffers is true? ) 'uffers ha<e a p! 9 A.ed in water6 which will not for8 a buffer solution? ) $a!&4%0 with $a&!4%0 ') $!( with $!0Cl C) C!(C%&! with $aC!(C%& *) !$%( with $a$%( nswer+ * . ') 'uffers consist of a strong acid and its conGugate base.&: C) @.= > 13-5 for $!(.opic+ -ection 15. nswer+ * . ) @.3 8E? .& > 13-= and the equilibriu8 reaction of interest is !&4%0-"aq) # !&%"l) ⇌ !(%#"aq) # !4%0-"aq).333 E of solution? Kb 9 1.

and 1& M !Cl"aq) to gi<e 1.& > 13-:.opic+ -ection 15.( 'uffer -olutions &=) buffer solution is prepared b1 dissol<ing 3.7-K 9 3.( 'uffer -olutions (1) What is the JC!(C%&-KFJC!(C%&!K ratio necessar1 to 8a/e a buffer solution with a p! of 0.133 8ol of $a%! in enough water to 8a/e 1.00? Ka 9 1.opic+ -ection 15.&& g of B!&4%0 and (.&33 8ol of $a!&4%0 and 3.opic+ -ection 15.7-!# is 1..@1 ') A.@& ') :.H"!%C!&)(C$!&I is one of the 8ost co88on buffers used in bioche8istr1.he Kb for the .:0 nswer+ * .7-F.:3 M ..1+1 *) &.( 'uffer -olutions A Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.51 *) A.7.&& C) A. What is the p! of the !&4%0-F!4%0&.& > 13-=? ) :.@&? ) 5.3= nswer+ C .33 E of solution with J.buffer if the Ka& 9 :.(: *) A.buffer if the Ka& 9 :.opic+ -ection 15.53+1 ') 3..& > 13-=? ) :.7-6 3. solution is prepared b1 adding enough .:3 M.A= *) =.(A g of B%! in enough water to 8a/e 3.@0+1 C) 1.&1 C) A.&A) .&1 *) A.A1 nswer+ ' .7-!# buffer to which one has added 5.( 'uffer -olutions (3) buffer solution is prepared b1 dissol<ing &A..33 C) A. ) 3.opic+ -ection 15.( 'uffer -olutions &@) What is the p! of 1 E of 3.133 E of solution.=0 ') A. ) 5.3 8E of 1& M !Cl? .(3 M ..@& ') :.7..7-!#K 9 3.=0 nswer+ .(: C) A. What is the p! of this buffered s1ste8 if the pKb is 5.= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.3+1 nswer+ .(3 M and J.. What is the p! of the !&4%0-F!4%0&. .33 E of solution..

:1 C) :.@0 nswer+ ' .0 8E ') &A.ing 53.&1 ') 5.(&) What is the p! of a buffer solution 8ade b1 8i.133 M potassiu8 h1drogen phthalate with 1(.1 > 13-:.= 8E nswer+ * .3 8E of 3.opic+ -ection 15.335 8oles of !Cl is added to 3. ) 3.133 E of a buffer solution that is 3.( 'uffer -olutions (0) What is the 8agnitude of the change in p! when 3.p%! C) p! 9 pKa # logHJ -KFJ! KI *) p! 9 pKa .ture to 133. ) &&.= > 13-5.133 M potassiu8 h1drogen phthalate? .133 M in C!(C%&! and 3. ) (.3 8E of 3.: 8E C) (3.0A *) 1.(3 nswer+ C .335 8oles of B%! is added to 3.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation = Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.& > 13-=? ) 5.33 if one starts with 53.and the Ka& 9 :.A( *) A.133 E of a buffer solution that is 3.( 'uffer -olutions (5) What is the resulting p! when 3.opic+ -ection 15.( 'uffer -olutions (:) What is the !enderson-!asselbalch equation for the acidic buffer ! F -? ) p! 9 -logJ!(%#K ') p! 9 10 .he Ka& for h1drogen phthalate is (.:@ nswer+ * .133 M !4%0&.opic+ -ection 15.( 'uffer -olutions (() What <olu8e of 3.33 ') 3.51 *) 5.3 8E of a buffer solution with a p! of :.opic+ -ection 15.133 M $aC!(C%&? .0 .logHJ -KFJ! KI nswer+ C . .& 8E *) (A.and 3.3 8E with water? .133 M in !&4%0.133 M $a%! and diluting the 8i.&3 C) 3.he Ka& for potassiu8 h1drogen phthalate is (.133 M $a%! is needed to 8a/e 133.opic+ -ection 15.&5 ') 5.he Ka for acetic acid is1.3= C) 5.1 > 13-:.: 8E of 3.

pKb nswer+ C .pression for the wea/ acid ! ? ) Ka 9 J!(%#KJ -KFJ! K ') pKa 9 p! .A > 13?0) ') $!( "Kb 9 1.opic+ -ection 15.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation (=) Which is the best acid to use in the preparation of a buffer with p! 9 (.opic+ -ection 15.3 > 13?11) ') !$%& "Ka 9 0.logHJ -KFJ! KI C) pKa 9 logKa *) pKa 9 10 .he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation (@) Which is the best acid to use in the preparation of a buffer with p! 9 @.A0? ) 133L ') 53L C) 13L *) 1L nswer+ ' .= > 13?5) C) $!&%! "Kb 9 @.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 01) What is the percent dissociation of acetic acid if the solution has a p! 9 0.( > 13?13) nswer+ ' .(A) What is not a correct e.:3? ) 53L ') @L C) 5L *) 1L nswer+ ' .0 .0 .he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation @ Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.1 > 13?@) *) C:!5$!& "Kb 9 0.0 . .opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.(? ) C!($!& "Kb 9 (.A > 13?1) nswer+ ' .0 .5 > 13?0) C) !$%( *) !7%( ""Ka 9 1.:3 and a pKa 9 @.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 03) What is the percent dissociation of gl1cine if the solution has a p! 9 =.0 .(? ) !%7 "Ka 9 &.A0 and a pKa 9 0.

13 *) 13.53 and a pKa 9 0.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 0() t what p! is the a8ino acid gl1cine with a Ka of &.-trong 'ase .33 8E of 5.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase . ) 3. 8E *) &33.0 .itrations 0:) Which of the following titrations result in a basic solution at the equi<alence point? ) !7 titrated with $aC!(C%& ') !%Cl titrated with $a%! C) !'r titrated with B%! *) 4b"$%()& titrated with $a7 nswer+ ' .33 8E of 3.ing (3.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 00) What <olu8e of 5.:3 ') @.=@ C) 13.itrations 05) What is the p! of a solution 8ade b1 8i.-trong 'ase .opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.0 .15 nswer+ C .13 M B%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.15 *) 1(.5 8E ') 53.itrations 13 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc. "::L) percent dissociated? ) @.opic+ -ection 15.33 > 13?( M !$%( is needed to titrate 133.51 > 13-13 si.13 M !Cl with 03. 8E nswer+ * .: -trong cid .opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.: -trong cid .=5 C) 1&.33 > 13?( M Ca"%!)& to the equi<alence point? ) 1&.13? ) @:L ') 13L C) 5L *) 1L nswer+ .3 8E C) 133.:3 nswer+ ' .33 8E of 3. .0&) What is the percent dissociation of ascorbic acid if the solution has a p! 9 5.t1-si.=5 ') 1.

A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .opic+ -ection 15.itrations 51) )or8ic acid "!C%&!6 Ka 9 1.he equi<alence point p! of the titration of four wea/ acids is gi<en.=3 8E of 3.A0 ') 5.0( nswer+ .1& *) 11. ) 1.35:A M $a%!? Ka 9 1.opic+ -ection 15.itrations 0=) What is the appro.= > 13-0) is the principal co8ponent in the <eno8 of stinging ants.033 M $a%!? Ka 9 :.opic+ -ection 15.i8ate p! at the equi<alence point of a wea/ acid-strong base titration if &5 8E of aqueous for8ic acid requires &@.&0 ') A.=3 8E of 3.i8ate p! at the equi<alence point of a wea/ acid-strong base titration if &5 8E of aqueous h1drofluoric acid requires (3.0A) What is the p! at the equi<alence point of a wea/ acid-strong base titration? ) p! C A ') p! 9 A C) p! D A *) p! 9 10.itrations 0@) What is the appro. What is the 8olarit1 of a for8ic acid solution if &5.== C) =.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase . .itrations 53) .&5 *) 1&.itrations 11 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.opic+ -ection 15.= > 13-0 for for8ic acid.35:A M *) 3.33 nswer+ C .33 8E of 3.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .1& *) =.&: nswer+ C .33 8E of the for8ic acid solution requires &@.opic+ -ection 15.A: > 13-0 for !).35:A M $a%! to reach the equi<alence point? ) 3.0: ') 5.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .=: C) =.50 nswer+ C .3:A: M nswer+ * .31(0 M ') 3. ) &.30A: M C) 3.A5 C) =. Which is the strongest acid? ) A.

00 nswer+ * .itrations 5:) -odiu8 h1pochlorite6 $a%Cl6 is the acti<e ingredient in household bleach. ) 5.opic+ -ection 15.13 M acetic acid with 03.33 8E of 3.33 8E of 3.33 8E of 3.1( *) 1&.(3 8E of 3.13 M acetic acid is added to 13.33 8E of 3.5&) What is the p! of the resulting solution if (3. .A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .@5 C) 5.33 8E of bleach requires &=.&= ') A.itrations 50) What is the p! of a solution 8ade b1 8i. Ka 9 1.35 *) 0.itrations 5() What is the p! of a solution 8ade b1 8i.&: C) 11.A& *) 13.15 nswer+ * .ing (3.opic+ -ection 15.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .opic+ -ection 15.A3= M *) 1.itrations 55) Which of the following titrations result in an acidic solution at the equi<alence point? ) C!(C%%! titrated with $a%! ') B) titrated with B%! C) !Cl titrated with $a%! *) C5!5$ titrated with !Cl nswer+ * .A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .&: ') @.ing (3.33 C) =.3& nswer+ C .533 M !Cl to reach the equi<alence point? ) 3. ) @. What is the concentration of h1pochlorite ion if &3.33 8E of 3.&3= M ') 3.opic+ -ection 15.13 M B%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.(5( M C) 3.33 8E of 3. Ka 9 1.13 M $a%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!. Ka 9 1.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .opic+ -ection 15.&1 M nswer+ C .5: ') =. ) =.13 M acetic acid with (3.13 M B%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.itrations 1& Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.

&5 *) A.A0 C) 13.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .opic+ -ection 15.0(& M 8eth1la8ine6 C!($!&6 is added to 15 8E of 3. What is the p! after 13.0 > 13?5.opic+ -ection 15.53 M !Cl? Ka 9 (.(3 8E of 3.A3 > 13-11 for C!($!(#.@ 4ol1protic cid ? -trong 'ase .opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.5A) What is the p! at the equi<alence point of a wea/ base-strong acid titration if &3.itrations 5@) What is the p! of the resulting solution if &5 8E of 3.11 ') (.=& ') (.=3 *) 0.&3 nswer+ C .13 C) &.3( nswer+ * .33 8E of 3.1333 M $a%! is added to 13.@ > 13?& and Ka& 9 :.itrations 5=) .33 8E of 3.&333 M !&C&%0? ) 1.itrations :3) -ulfurous acid6 !&-%( has acid dissociation constants Ka1 9 1.3 > 13-= for !%Cl.33 8E of 3.opic+ -ection 15.@ 4ol1protic cid ? -trong 'ase .5 > 13?& and Ka& 9 :. ) 3.33 8E of $a%Cl requires &=.( > 13?=.A: *) 0.5= nswer+ * .&(0 M !Cl? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.&1 ') 5. Ka 9 &. ) (.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .itrations 1( Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.he equi<alence point p! of the titration of four wea/ bases is gi<en.33 8E of 3.=@ nswer+ * .(3 ') (. Which is the strongest base? ) 0.3533 M $a%! is added to 5.(( *) A.:A C) :.1333 M !&-%(? ) 1. What is the p! after &3.&: *) 13.&( ') &. .itrations :1) %.alic acid6 !&C&%0 has acid dissociation constants Ka1 9 5.1@ nswer+ C .1= C) (.:3 C) 0.

pression for the Ksp of )e"%!)&? )e"%!)&"s) ⇌ )e&#"aq) # & %!-"aq) ) Ksp 9 HJ)e&#KJ%!-K&IFHJ)e"%!)&KJ!&%KI ') Ksp 9 HJ)e&#KJ%!-K&IFJ)e"%!)&K C) Ksp 9 J)e&#KJ%!-K& *) Ksp 9 1FHJ)e&#KJ%!-K&I nswer+ C .itrations :5) .33 8E of a 3.3 > 13-13.=5 ') :.3 > 13-13. What is the equilibriu8 constant e.A3 nswer+ C . What is the p! of 53.3& C) A.(@ *) @.@ 4ol1protic cid ? -trong 'ase .33 8E of 3.he dissociation equilibriu8 constants for the protonated for8 of alanine "a diprotic a8ino acid6 !&M#) are Ka1 9 0.133 M solution of alanine after 133.33 8E of a 3.: > 13-( and Ka& 9 &.@ 4ol1protic cid ? -trong 'ase .(0 ') 0.3 > 13-13.353 M solution of alanine after (A.A3 nswer+ * .he dissociation equilibriu8 constants for the protonated for8 of alanine "a diprotic a8ino acid !&M#) are Ka1 9 0.:&) .opic+ -ection 15.133 M $a%! has been added? ) 0.: > 13-( and Ka& 9 &.itrations :0) .he dissociation equilibriu8 constants for the protonated for8 of alanine "a diprotic a8ino acid6 !&M#) are Ka1 9 0.he balanced equation for the solubilit1 equilibriu8 of )e"%!)& is shown below.itrations :() .33 8E of 3. .: > 13-( and Ka& 9 &.A3 ') 13.133 M $a%! has been added? ) @.11 *) 1&.5@ *) :.=5 C) 5.A& nswer+ C .:@ C) 11.33 8E of a 3. What is the p! of 53.133 M $a%! has been added? ) &.3533 M solution of alanine after &5. What is the p! of 53.53 8E of 3.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.@ 4ol1protic cid ? -trong 'ase .opic+ -ection 15.13 -olubilit1 5quilibria 10 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.

.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp :=) What is the chro8iu8 ion concentration for a saturated solution of Cr"%!)( if the Ksp for Cr"%!)( is :.pression for the Ksp of Ca("4%0)&? ) Bsp 9 JCa&#K(J4%0(-K& ') Bsp 9 HJCa&#K(J4%0(-K&IFJCa(4%0K C) Bsp 9 HJCa&#K(J4%0(-K&IFHJCa(4%0KJ!&%KI *) Bsp 9 1FHJCa&#K(J4%0(-K&I nswer+ .1A > 13-= M *) (.opic+ -ection 15.A > 13-(1? ) =.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp 15 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.&: > 13-= M C) &.13 -olubilit1 5quilibria :A) What is the sil<er ion concentration for a saturated solution of g&C%( if the Ksp for g&C%( is =.3: > 13-0 M nswer+ C .3 > 13-1A ') l"%!)( with Ksp 9 1.opic+ -ection 15.A: > 13-= M nswer+ ' .A > 13-: C) Cd"%!)& with Ksp 9 5.5: > 13-0 M *) 0.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp :@) What is the 8ost soluble salt of the following set? ) 'a"%!)& with Ksp 9 5.@3 > 13-: M ') &.opic+ -ection 15.( > 13-15 *) )e"%!)& with Ksp 9 &.: > 13-(@ *) -n"%!)& with Ksp 9 1.@ > 13-(( C) )e"%!)( with Ksp 9 &.3( > 13-0 M C) &.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp A3) What is the 8ost soluble salt of the following set? ) gC$ with Ksp 9 :.3 > 13-( ') Ca"%!)& with Ksp 9 0.5 > 13-(A nswer+ .::) What is the equilibriu8 constant e.opic+ -ection 15.: > 13-1@ nswer+ * .opic+ -ection 15.1@ > 13-1: M ') 1.0 > 13-1&? ) &.

.hat ffect -olubilit1 1: Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.A1) Calculate the Ksp for sil<er sulfate if the solubilit1 of g&-%0 in pure water is 0.(3 M $aCl at &5NC.1 > 13-( M *) 1.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp A&) Calculate the solubilit1 "in gFE) of sil<er carbonate in water at &5NC if the Ksp for g&C%( is =.A > 13-0 M C) A.5 > 13-& gFE C) 0.1& )actors .A > 13-0.1& )actors .11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp A() What is the 8olar solubilit1 of Ca)& in 3.5 gFE. ) 5.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.: > 13-= M C) &.: > 13-1&. ) (.hat ffect -olubilit1 A0) What is the 8olar solubilit1 of Mg"%!)& in a basic solution with a p! of 1&.3 > 13-0 gFE ') (.opic+ -ection 15.33? Ksp for Mg"%!)& is 5. ) =.3 > 13-0 M nswer+ C .0 > 13-1&.1 > 13-0 *) 0. Ksp for .0 > 13-& gFE *) 5.( > 13-& M nswer+ ' .opic+ -ection 15.& > 13-0 nswer+ ' .opic+ -ection 15.3 > 13-: ') 1.1 > 13-0 M nswer+ ' .13 M $a) solution at &5NC? .1& )actors .lCl is 1.1 > 13-5 M ') 5.: > 13-& gFE nswer+ ' .hat ffect -olubilit1 A5) Calculate the 8olar solubilit1 of thalliu8"7) chloride in 3.he Ksp for Ca)& is ) =.0 > 13-: M *) 1.0 > 13-@ M *) &.0 > 13-13 M C) (.: > 13-13 M ') 5.& > 13-5 C) &.5 > 13-13 M ') (. ) 5.

@ > 13-13 M C) @. ) 3.pected to be the least soluble at &5NC? ) 3.53 M ') 1. .for8s? Ksp for gCl is 1.he Bsp for gCl is 1.3 > 13-A? $ote that !&Cr%0 is considered to be a strong acid.1 > 13-0 M nswer+ * .5 > 13-( M *) 5.13 M $!(? Ksp for gCl is 1.13 M $aC$ if the colorless co8ple.13 M C) 3.A:) What is the 8olar solubilit1 of lead"77) chro8ate in 3.for8s? .3 M B&-&%( if the co8ple.03 M nswer+ . ) 1.3 > 13-( M C) 5.& > 13-11 M ') &.is &.A > 13A.1& )actors .13 M !$%( if the Ksp for 4bCr%0 is &.1 M CaCl& *) 3.hat ffect -olubilit1 =3) What is the 8olar solubilit1 of gCl in 3.1& )actors .1& )actors .hat ffect -olubilit1 1A Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.= > 13-13 and the Kf for g"$!()&# is 1.opic+ -ection 15.3 M C) 1.1& )actors . ) @.1 M B$%( nswer+ C .1 M $aCl C) 3.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.( > 13-5 M ') 5.hat ffect -olubilit1 A@) What is the 8olar solubilit1 of gCl in 1.1 M !Cl ') 3.hat ffect -olubilit1 AA) 7n which of the following solutions would solid 4bCl& be e.hat ffect -olubilit1 A=) What is the 8olar solubilit1 of gCl in 3.( > 13-A M *) (. ion g"-&%()&(.@ > 131(.is ) 3.1& )actors .&3 M *) 3.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.5 > 13-& M nswer+ ' .353 M ') 3.= > 13-13 and the Bf for g"-&%()&(.3 M nswer+ . ion g"C$)&.= > 13-13 and Kf for g"C$)&.5 M *) &.= > 13-1(? and the Ka& for !&Cr%0 is (.

he 'aCr%0 precipitates first out of solution.=1) Which of the following 8etal h1dro.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds =5) 3. What is the g# concentration when 'aCr%0 Gust starts to precipitate? Ksp for g&Cr%0 and 'aCr%0 are 1. *) $either 'aCr%0 nor g&Cr%0 precipitates out of solution. nswer+ ' .hat ffect -olubilit1 =() 4recipitation of an ionic co8pound will occur upon 8i.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.hat ffect -olubilit1 =&) Which of the following reactions are not consistent with the concept of acid base a8photeris8? ) l"%!)("s) # %!-"aq) P l"%!)0-"aq) ') l"%!)("s) # ( !(%#"aq) P l(#"aq) # : !&%"l) C) !&%"l) # !&%"l) ⇌ !(%#"aq) # %!-"aq) *) l"%!)("s) ⇌ l(#"aq) # ( %!-"aq) nswer+ * .1& )actors .opic+ -ection 15.&3 M 'a"$%()&.( > 13-& M nswer+ * .1 > 13-1& and 1.&3 M g$%( and 3.he g&Cr%0 precipitates first out of solution and then 'aCr%0 precipitates.1 > 13-1& and the Ksp of 'aCr%0 is 1.1& )actors .b%! nswer+ .1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds 1= Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc. ') .5 > 13-5 M ') 1.&3 M 'a"$%()&. ) greater than the Ksp ') equal to the pKsp C) equal to the Ksp *) less than the Ksp nswer+ .& > 13-0 M *) 0.opic+ -ection 15. *escribe what happens if the Ksp for g&Cr%0 is 1.&3 M g$%( and 3.( > 13-0 M C) (.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds =0) 4otassiu8 chro8ate is slowl1 added to a solution containing 3.opic+ -ection 15.ing of desired reagents if the initial ion product is QQQQQQQQ.& > 13-136 respecti<el1.ides are a8photeric? ) l"%!)(6 On"%!)&6 Cr"%!)(6 -n"%!)& ') Cu"%!)&6 Mn"%!)&6 )e"%!)&6 )e"%!)( C) 'e"%!)&6 Ca"%!)&6 'a"%!)&6 -r"%!)( *) Ei%!6 $a%!6 B%!6 .& > 13-13. . ) :. ) . C) 'oth 'aCr%0 and g&Cr%0 precipitate si8ultaneousl1 out of solution.13 M potassiu8 chro8ate is slowl1 added to a solution containing 3.

.31 M in Mn&#6 On&#6 4b&# and Cu&# and 3.53? ) Mn') CuC) 4b-6 Cu*) On-6 4b-6 Cunswer+ C .3? ) Mn') CuC) 4b-6 Cu*) On-6 4b-6 Cunswer+ * .opic+ -ection 15.13 M in !&.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds 1@ Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds ==) Which 8etal ions can be precipitated out of solution as chlorides? ) g#6 !g&#6 Co&# ') Cu&#6 Cd&#6 'i(# C) g#6 !g&&#6 4b&# *) $a#6 B#6 Mg&# nswer+ C .13 M in !&.at a p! of 3.31 M in Mn&#6 On&#6 4b&# and Cu&# and 3.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds =A) Which 8etal sulfides can be precipitated fro8 a solution that is 3.opic+ -ection 15.=:) Which 8etal sulfides can be precipitated fro8 a solution that is 3.opic+ -ection 15.at a p! of 1.

.reat8ent of the filtrate with "$!0)&C%( resulted in a white precipitate.was added and a dar/ precipitate again for8ed.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds @1) Which set of ions precipitate as sulfides? ) g#6 4b&#6 Mn&# ') 4b&#6 )e&#6 Ca&# C) Co&#6 'a&#6 B# *) $!0#6 $a#6 B# nswer+ . 7f no further tests were 8ade then what conclusions can 1ou draw? ) possible ions present g#6 Mn&#6 $i&# ') possible ions present g#6 Mn&#6 $i&#6 $a# C) possible ions present g#6 Cu&#6 Cd&# *) possible ions present g#6 Cu&#6 Cd&#6 $a# nswer+ ' . $o precipitate for8ed when 3. fter the re8o<al of the solid the solution was 8ade basic and 8ore !&. When the solution was 8ade basic and again treated with !&.13 M $aCl was added but a dar/ colored precipitate for8ed when !&.gas a dar/ colored precipitate for8ed.13 M $aCl was added and after this was re8o<ed the solution was treated with !&.=@) solution 8a1 contain the following ions g#6 Cu&#6 Cd&#6 Mn&#6 $i&# and $a#. . 7f no further tests were 8ade then what conclusions can 1ou draw? ) possible ions present Cu&#6 Mn&#6 $a# ') possible ions present Cu&#6 Mn&#6 Ca&# C) possible ions present Cu&#6 Mn&#6 Ca&#6 $a# *) possible ions present g#6 Cu&#6 Mn&#6 Ca&#6 $a# nswer+ C . white precipitate for8ed when 3.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds @3) solution 8a1 contain the following ions g#6 Cu&#6 Mn&#6 Ca&#6 and $a#.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds @&) Which pair of ions can be separated b1 the addition of chloride ion? ) g# and Co&# ') Cu&# and 'i(# C) 4b&# and !g&&# *) Ca&# and 'a&# nswer+ .opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.was added to an acidic portion of the solution.10 -eparation of 7ons b1 -electi<e 4recipitation &3 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.opic+ -ection 15.gas under acidic conditions and no precipitate for8ed.

. "B#6 !(%#6 %!-6 and sol<ent !&% 8olecules ha<e been o8itted for clarit1.he following pictures represent solutions that contain a wea/ acid ! andFor its potassiu8 salt B .10 -eparation of 7ons b1 -electi<e 4recipitation .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s @5) Which solution has the lowest p!? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &1 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.opic+ -ection 15. Rnshaded spheres represent ! ato8s and shaded spheres represent .) @0) Which solution has the highest p!? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s @:) Which solution has the largest percent dissociation of ! ? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .ions.@() Which pair of ions can be separated b1 the addition of sulfide ion? ) g# and Cu&# ') Cu&# and 'i(# C) 4b&# and Ca&# *) Ca&# and 'a&# nswer+ C .

opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s @@) )or which solution"s) is p! 9 pKa? ) onl1 solution "1) ') onl1 solution "&) C) onl1 solution "() *) solutions "1) and "() nswer+ * .he following pictures represent solutions that contain a wea/ acid ! "pKa 9 5.) 133) Which solution has the highest p!? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' . .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s @=) Which solution has the greatest buffer capacit1? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ C .ions.3) and its potassiu8 salt B . Rnshaded spheres represent ! ato8s and shaded spheres represent .@A) Which of the solutions are buffer solutions? ) "1) and "&) ') "1) and "() C) "&) and "() *) "&) and "0) nswer+ ' . "B#6 !(%#6 %!-6 and sol<ent !&% 8olecules ha<e been o8itted for clarit1.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s && Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s .

opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 13&) Which solution has the largest percent dissociation of ! ? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' . nswer+ * .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 13() Which of these solutions are buffers? ) "1) and "&) ') "1) and "() C) "1)6 "&) and "() *) ll are buffer solutions. ') "1)6 "&) and "() C) "1) and "0) *) "&) and "() nswer+ C . .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 135) )or which of these solutions is p! 9 pKa? ) ll ha<e p! 9 pKa.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 130) Which solution has the greatest buffer capacit1? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &( Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.131) Which solution has the lowest p!? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ C .

he following pictures represent solutions that contain a wea/ acid ! "pKa 9 5.. .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &0 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.3) and its potassiu8 salt B . Rnshaded spheres represent ! ato8s6 blac/ spheres represent o.initiall1 present and sol<ent water 8olecules ha<e been o8itted for clarit1.ions.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 13A) Which picture represents the equilibriu8 state of the solution after addition of one %!. "B#6 !(%# initiall1 present6 %!.) 13:) Which picture represents the equilibriu8 state of the solution after addition of one !(%# ion to the solution shown in picture "1)? ) "&) ') "() C) "0) *) "5) nswer+ C .ion to the solution shown in picture "1)? ) "&) ') "() C) "0) *) "5) nswer+ ' .1gen ato8s6 and shaded spheres represent .

.initiall1 present and sol<ent water 8olecules ha<e been o8itted for clarit1).. Rnshaded spheres represent ! ato8s6 blac/ spheres represent o.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 113) Which picture represents the solution at the equi<alence point? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ .1gen ato8s6 and shaded spheres represent . "B#6 !(%# initiall1 present6 %!.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 111) Which picture represents the solution after the equi<alence point? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ C . 13=) Which picture represents the solution before the addition of an1 B%!? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .ions.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &5 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.he following pictures represent solutions at <arious points in the titration of a wea/ acid ! with aqueous B%!.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 13@) Which picture represents the solution before the equi<alence point? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' .

"B#6 !(%# initiall1 present6 %!. 11&) Which picture represents the s1ste8 halfwa1 to the first equi<alence point? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 11() Which picture represents the s1ste8 at the first equi<alence point? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 115) Which picture represents the s1ste8 be1ond the second equi<alence point? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ C .he following pictures represent solutions at <arious stages in the titration of a wea/ diprotic acid !& with aqueous B%!.initiall1 present and sol<ent water 8olecules ha<e been o8itted for clarit1).ions.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &: Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc. . Rnshaded spheres represent ! ato8s6 blac/ spheres represent o.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 110) Which picture represents the s1ste8 halfwa1 between the first and second equi<alence points? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ..1gen ato8s6 and shaded spheres represent &.

opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 11@) What is the characteristic p!-titrant cur<e for the titration of a strong base b1 a strong acid? ) ') ' C) C *) * nswer+ C .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1&3) What is the characteristic p!-titration cur<e for the titration of a wea/ acid b1 a strong base? ) ') ' C) C *) * nswer+ .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s Rse the graphs below to answer the following questions.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &A Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc. . 11=) What is the characteristic p!-titrant cur<e for the titration of a strong acid b1 a strong base? ) ') ' C) C *) * nswer+ ' .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 11A) Which picture represents the s1ste8 with the lowest p!? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' .11:) Which picture represents the s1ste8 with the highest p!? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ C .

opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1&() t which point a-d is the pKa of the acid equal to the p!? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ . . 1&1) Which point a-d represents the equi<alence point for the titration of a strong acid? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ * .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1&&) Which point a-d represents the equi<alence point for the titration of a wea/ acid? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ C ..opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1&0) Which points a-d represent the half-equi<alence point and the equi<alence point6 respecti<el16 for the titration of a wea/ acid? ) points a and b ') points a and c C) points b and d *) points c and d nswer+ ' .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &= Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.he following plot shows two titration cur<es6 each representing the titration of 53.33 8E of 3.133 M $a%!.133 M acid with 3.

buffer region? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ C .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s &@ Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc. .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1&A) Which point a-d represents the !M-FM&. 1&:) buffer region is indicated b1 which point"s) a-d? ) point a ') points a and c C) point b *) points b and d nswer+ ' .1&5) Which point a-d represents a buffer region? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ .33 M diprotic acid !& with $a%!.he following plot shows a titration cur<e for the titration of 1.33 E of 1.

opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1(&) Which point a-d represents pKa&? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ C .buffer region? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ .1&=) Which point a-d represents the !&MF!M.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1(1) Which point a-d represents pKa1? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ . .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1&@) Which point a-d represents the first equi<alence point? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ ' .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1(3) Which point a-d represents the second equi<alence point? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ * .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1(() What is the p! at the first equi<alence point? ) p! 9 pKa1 ') p! 9 10 .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s (3 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.pKa1 C) p! 9 "pKa1 # pKa&)F& *) p! 9 pKa1 # pKa& nswer+ C .

Which point a-d represents the isoelectric point? ) point a ') point b C) point c *) point d nswer+ ' .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s (1 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.33 E of 1. 1(5) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of Cu-6 which of solutions "&)-"0) are unsaturated? ) onl1 "&) ') onl1 "() C) onl1 "0) *) "() and "0) nswer+ * .ions.1(0) . .he following plot shows a titration cur<e for the titration of 1. Sra1 spheres represent Cu&# ions and dotted spheres represent -&.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s .he following pictures represent solutions of Cu-6 which 8a1 also contain ions other than Cu&# and -&which are not shown.33 M diprotic acid !& # with $a%!.

opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1(@) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of gCl6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of !$%( is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ . . Sra1 spheres represent g# ions and dotted spheres represent Cl.ions.he following pictures represent solutions of gCl6 which 8a1 also contain ions other than g# and Clwhich are not shown.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s (& Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 1(A) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of Cu-6 which of solutions "&)-"0) are supersaturated? ) "&) ') "() C) "0) *) $one of these nswer+ .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s .1(:) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of Cu-6 which of solutions "&)-"0) are saturated? ) "&) ') "() C) "0) *) $one of these nswer+ * . 1(=) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of gCl6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of !Cl is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .

which are not shown.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s (( Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.103) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of gCl6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of g$%( is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 10() 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of CaC%(6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of !$%( is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' . . Sra1 spheres represent Ca&# ions and unshaded spheres represent C%(&ions.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s .opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 101) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of gCl6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of $!( is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * . 10&) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of CaC%(6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of $a%! is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .he following pictures represent solutions of CaC%(6 which 8a1 also contain ions other than Ca&# and C%(&.

@ M *) A.A0 C) 0. A0 nswer+ ' .13 M C!(C%&! with &5.@ > 13-13 M C) 1.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 105) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of CaC%(6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of B&C%( is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ * .13 M !C$ with 53.33 8E of 3.3 > 13-: M nswer+ C .ing 53.he Co88on-7on 5ffect (0 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.ing &5. .33 8E of 3.@ > 13-13 for !C$.& .3(3 M $aC$? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e and that Ka 9 0.opic+ -ection 15.=A ') (. ) 1.33 8E of 3.3 13 M C!(C%&$a? ssu8e that the <olu8e of the solutions are additi<e and that Ka 9 1.100) 7f solution "1) is a saturated solution of CaC%(6 which of solutions "1)-"0) represents the solution after a s8all a8ount of Ca"$%()& is added and equilibriu8 is restored? ) "1) ') "&) C) "() *) "0) nswer+ ' .opic+ -ection 15.33 8E of 3.& lgorith8ic Questions 1) What is the h1droniu8 ion concentration in a solution prepared b1 8i.13 M ') 0. ) &.opic+ Conceptual 4roble8s 15.he Co88on-7on 5ffect &) What is the p! of a solution prepared b1 8i.& .= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.5 > 13.: > 13.A 5 *) 5.

5+1 nswer+ .A3 > 13-0 for 8eth1la8ine.( 'uffer -olutions :) What is the JC!(C%&-KFJC!(C%&!K ratio necessar1 to 8a/e a buffer solution with a p! of 0.opic+ -ection 15.13 M $!0Cl? ssu8e that the <olu8e of the solutions are additi<e and that Kb 9 1.opic+ -ection 15.= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.itrations (5 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.(0? Ka 9 1. 8E nswer+ * .3= ') @. 3@+1 *) &.A3 gra8s of $!0Cl and &5.( 'uffer -olutions A) What <olu8e of 5. ) @.he Co88on-7on 5ffect 0) What is the p! of a solution prepared b1 8i.-trong 'ase .& .opic+ -ection 15.33 8E of 3.13 M 8eth1la88oniu8 chloride6 C!($!(Cl? ssu8e that the <olu8e of the solutions are additi<e and that Kb 9 (.ing 53.ing 53. ) 13. (& nswer+ C .&5 *) 11.: -trong cid . ) =.33 8E of 5.A= nswer+ C .33 > 13?( M !$%( is needed to titrate =3.333 E of solution? Kb 9 1.opic+ -ection 15.he Co88on-7on 5ffect 5) What is the p! of a buffer s1ste8 prepared b1 dissol<ing 13.33 8E of 1& M $!( in enough water to 8a/e 1.opic+ -ection 15.3 8E ') 03.1A ') 13.&: C) @. (@+1 ') 3.@A *) 11.3 8E C) =3.= > 13-5 for $!(.& . 0( *) 11.33 8E of 3.() What is the p! of a solution prepared b1 8i.5A C) 13. @1+1 C) 1.&: C) 13.13 M 8eth1la8ine6 C!($!&6 with &3.3 8E *) 1:3.13 M $!( with 5.=3 > 13-5 for $!(.33 > 13?( M Ca"%!)& to the equi<alence point? ) 13. ) 3.33 8E of 3.33 8E of 3.1( nswer+ C . . &5 ') 13.

3:A: M nswer+ * .opic+ -ection 15.A5 C) =.35:A M *) 3.i8ate p! at the equi<alence point of a wea/ acid-strong base titration if &5 8E of aqueous for8ic acid requires &@.33 8E of the for8ic acid solution requires &@.133 M B%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.&5 *) 1&.opic+ -ection 15.: -trong cid . ) 3. 0= C) =.&: nswer+ C .33 8E of 3.opic+ -ection 15.@0 nswer+ C .(: *) 1(.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .itrations @) What is the appro.033 M $a%!? Ka 9 :.33 8E of 3.= > 13-0) is the principal co8ponent in the <eno8 of stinging ants.@& *) 0.= > 13-5 for C!(C%&! ) @. ) 1.itrations (: Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.-trong 'ase .A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase . 5A nswer+ * . .=) What is the p! of a solution 8ade b1 8i.13 M acetic acid is added to 13.13 M $a%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.itrations 11) )or8ic acid "!C%&!6 Ka 9 1.3 0A: M C) 3.ing &5.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .A0 ') 5.= > 13-0 for for8ic acid.3= C) 0.itrations 1&) What is the p! of the resulting solution if &5.=3 8E of 3. 133 M !Cl with 03.31(0 M ') 3. Ka 9 1. ) &. 0( ') @.33 8E of 3.33 8E of 3.i8ate p! at the equi<alence point of a wea/ acid-strong base titration if &5 8E of aqueous h1drofluoric acid requires (3. What is the 8olarit1 of a for8ic acid solution if &5.(5:A M $a%!? Ka 91.(: nswer+ C .35:A M $a%! to reach the equi<alence point? ) 3.=3 8E of 3.opic+ -ection 15.itrations 13) What is the appro.:0 ') 1.opic+ -ection 15.:0 C) 1&.A: > 13-0 for !). 3: ') 5.33 8E of 3. 5& *) 11.

A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .opic+ -ection 15. ) 3.&= ') A.&( nswer+ * .3@ C) @. Ka 91. (1& M C) 3. 1= C) (.opic+ -ection 15.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .opic+ -ection 15. 53 M !Cl? Ka 9 (.1() What is the p! of a solution 8ade b1 8i.ing (3. =33 M *) 1.A: *) 0. ) &. ) =.itrations 1:) What is the p! at the equi<alence point of a wea/ base-strong acid titration if &3.@1 *) 11.opic+ -ection 15. What is the concentration of h1pochlorite ion if &3.(3 8E of 3.&: C) 11.33 8E of 3.33 8E of $a%Cl requires &=.(3 ') (.533 M !Cl to reach the equi<alence point? ) 3. Ka 9 &.0(& M 8eth1la8ine6 C!($!&6 is added to 15 8E of 3.33 8E of 3.itrations 15) -odiu8 h1pochlorite6 $a%Cl6 is the acti<e ingredient in household bleach.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .3& nswer+ C .opic+ -ection 15. (33 M ') 3.ing 13. 03 nswer+ * . .1( *) 1&.33 C) =. ) 5.33 8E of 3.= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.3 > 13-= for !%Cl.13 M acetic acid with 13.33 8E of 3. 133 M B%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e. (3 M nswer+ C .&(0 M !Cl? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .AA ') 0.itrations (A Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.13 M B%!? ssu8e that the <olu8es of the solutions are additi<e.33 8E of bleach requires (&.itrations 1A) What is the p! of the resulting solution if 05 8E of 3.33 8E of 3.= > 13-5 for C!(C%&!.13 M acetic acid with 53.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .A3 > 13-11 for C!($!(#.itrations 10) What is the p! of a solution 8ade b1 8i. 3( nswer+ * .&: ') @. Ka 9 1.A& *) 13.

1 > 13-0 M nswer+ ' .opic+ -ection 15.& > 13.0 > 13-13 *) 0.1 M $a'r C) 3.1 M Ca'r& *) 3.53? Ksp for Mg"%!)& is 5.A > 13-& gFE *) (. 03 M $aCl at &5NC.0 > 13-& gFE nswer+ ' .1 > 13-1&.1 M B $%( nswer+ C .pected to be the least soluble at &5NC? ) 3.0 > 13-: M *) 1.= > 13-5 M ') 0.= > 13-15 ') 1. ) (.1& )actors .11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp 1@) Calculate the solubilit1 "in gFE) of sil<er chro8ate in water at &5NC if the Ksp for 1.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp g&Cr%0 is &3) What is the 8olar solubilit1 of Mg"%!)& in a basic solution with a p! of 1&. Ksp for .& > 13-( M *) 1.1=) Calculate the Ksp for sil<er sulfite if the solubilit1 of g&-%( in pure water is 0.hat ffect -olubilit1 &1) Calculate the 8olar solubilit1 of thalliu8"7) chloride in 3. . ) (.= > 13.5 > 13-10 C) &.5 > 13-5 gFE C) &.0 M C) =.1& )actors .opic+ -ection 15.5 > 13-0 gFE ') :.hat ffect -olubilit1 &&) 7n which of the following solutions would solid 4b'r& be e.@ M C) &.:1 > 13-1&.opic+ -ection 15.: > 13-( gFE.1& )actors .A > 13-0.lCl is 1.= > 13-13 nswer+ ' . ) :.opic+ -ection 15.1 M ! 'r ') 3.13 M ') 5.opic+ -ection 15.( > 13-& M nswer+ ' . ) 1.: > 13.hat ffect -olubilit1 (= Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.

353 M ') 3.hat ffect -olubilit1 &5) 3.= > 13-& M nswer+ * . What is the g# concentration when 'aCr%0 Gust starts to precipitate? .opic+ -ection 15.3 > 13&1.1 > 13-1& and 1.13 M potassiu8 chro8ate is slowl1 added to a solution containing 3. 13 M C) 3.& > 13-136 respecti<el1. ion g"C$)&.& M *) 5.opic+ -ection 15.( > 13-0 M C) (.for8s? Ksp for gCl is 1.hat ffect -olubilit1 &0) What is the 8olar solubilit1 of gCl in 3. ) 3.= > 13-13 and Kf for g"C$)&.( > 13-5 M ') 1.is 1.03 M nswer+ .& > 13-0 M *) :.he Ksp for g&Cr%0 and 'aCr%0 are 1.5 > 13-& M nswer+ ' .& M C) 1.1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds (@ Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc. 13 M $aC$ if the colorless co8ple.opic+ -ection 15. &3 M $!(? Ksp for gCl is 1.&3 M *) 3.3 > 13.= > 13-13 and Kf for g"$!()&# is 1.&() What is the 8olar solubilit1 of gCl in 3.1& )actors .1& )actors .A > 13A. ) 1.5 > 13-5 M ') 1. 53 M 'a"$%()&. . 53 M g$%( and 3.1 > 13. ) :.

30( M .( × 13:.eactions &) .31: M .opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15. What is the 8olarit1 of B7%( if the 8olarit1 of !7%( is 3.1 $eutralization .he solution for8ed upon adding 53. What is the 8olarit1 of C&!5$!('r if the 8olarit1 of C&!5$!& is 3.he p! of a solution of !7%( "Ka 9 1.13 M $!( will ha<e a p! that is QQQQQQQQ the p! of the original $!( solution.33 8E of 3.33 8E of 3. nswer+ lower than .he acid dissociation constant Ka for penicillin T is &. nswer+ less than .& . What is the base dissociation constant Kb for er1thro81cin? nswer+ :.& .1 $eutralization .3 × 13-(.he neutralization constant Kn for the neutralization of penicillin T "C1:!1=$&%5-) and er1thro81cin "C(A!:A$%1() is 1.3.opic+ -ection 15.( -hort nswer Questions 1) .3&5 M? nswer+ 3.33 8E of 3.opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization . .13 M $!0Cl to 53. .opic+ -ection 15. nswer+ !(%#"aq) # %!?"aq) ⇌ & !&%"l) .he Co88on-7on 5ffect :) .he Co88on-7on 5ffect =) buffer prepared b1 8i.he p! of a solution of eth1la8ine6 C&!5$!& "Kb 9 :.3&5 M? nswer+ 3.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 03 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.opic+ -ection 15.1 $eutralization . nswer+ !(%#"aq) # C!(C!&$!& ⇌ C!(C!&$!(# # !&%"l) .he balanced net ionic equation for the neutralization reaction in<ol<ing equal 8olar a8ounts of !Cl and C!(C!&$!& is QQQQQQQQ.0 .13 M $a) will ha<e a p! that is QQQQQQQQ A.opic+ -ection 15.13 M !) with 53.eactions () What is the equation relating the equilibriu8 constant Kn for the neutralization of a wea/ acid with a wea/ base to the Ka of the acid6 the Kb of the base and Kw? K K nswer+ Kn 9 a b Kw .he balanced net ionic equation for the neutralization reaction in<ol<ing equal 8olar a8ounts of !$%( and B%! is QQQQQQQQ.& .A × 13-1) and B7%( is 1.eactions 0) .opic+ -ection 15.0 × 13-0) and eth1la88iu8 bro8ide6 C&!5$!('r is 11.33.eactions 5) .33 8E of 3.ing 53.33.15.he Co88on-7on 5ffect A) .5 × 13-: .

5 × 13-13 .5 > 13?0 and a salt of its conGugate base has a p! 9 QQQQQQQQ.&53 M $a%! is added to 53 8E of 3.itrations 1:) What is the p! of the solution for8ed when 53 8E of 3. nswer+ 0.= > 13?0.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 15) . nswer+ (.&53 M $a%! occurs at p! 9 QQQQQQQQ.133 M !C%&! "Ka 9 1.opic+ -ection 15.5 × 13-13 .0 .he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 1&) ddition of 3.= > 13?0.he addition of QQQQQQQQ 8E of 3.1533 M $a%! is required to titrate &5.=@ .0 .itrations 01 Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.A0 .ing equal 8oles of an acid ha<ing Ka 9 0.opic+ -ection 15.0 .opic+ -ection 15.33 8E of 3.: -trong cid .: -trong cid .itrations 1A) What is the p! of the solution for8ed when &5 8E of 3.he Ka of for8ic acid is 1.: -trong cid .133 M sodiu8 for8ate buffer results in a p! 9 QQQQQQQQ? .3=? nswer+ &.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 1() What is the Ka of the a8ino acid gl1cine if it is A5.&53 M sodiu8 for8ate buffer 9 QQQQQQQQ? .he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 10) What is the Ka of the a8ino acid gluta8ine if it is ((.A Wea/ cid ? -trong 'ase .&&53 M !Cl to the equi<alence point6 which occurs at a p! of QQQQQQQQ.opic+ -ection 15.he half equi<alence point in the titration of 3.opic+ -ection 15.= > 13?0.153 M for8ic acidF3.opic+ -ection 15.5: .he p! of a 3.133 M sodiu8 for8ate buffer results in a p! 9 QQQQQQQQ? .@) buffer prepared b1 8i.31&5 8ol !Cl to 153 8E of a 3.153 M for8ic acidF3.0( .=&? nswer+ A. .33 .-trong 'ase .0 . nswer+ (.536 A. nswer+ (.1&3 M !Cl? nswer+ 1&.itrations 1=) .= > 13?0) with 3.3L dissociated at p! 9 =.1A( M $a%! is added to (5 8E of 3.=@ .=1 .opic+ -ection 15.153 M for8ic acidF3.(0& M !Cl? nswer+ 3.3L dissociated at p! 9 13.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 13) .opic+ -ection 15. nswer+ (.opic+ -ection 15.he Ka of for8ic acid is 1.-trong 'ase .0 .he Ka of for8ic acid is 1.he !enderson-!asselbalch 5quation 11) ddition of 3.-trong 'ase . nswer+ (A.opic+ -ection 15.31&5 8ol B%! to 153 8E of a 3.(5 .0 .

hat ffect -olubilit1 &5) Ca)& has Ksp 9 (.1 × 13-A .opic+ -ection 15. nswer+ will not .opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15.A > 13?0) with 3.133 M selenous acid is titrated with 3. nswer+ 5.opic+ -ection 15. nswer+ a) increase6 b) decrease6 c) increase .itrations &1) t &5NC calciu8 fluoride has a solubilit1 product constant Ksp 9 (.@ 4ol1protic cid ? -trong 'ase . nswer+ 13.&33 M $a%! the first equi<alence point occurs at p! 9 QQQQQQQQ.5 > 13?11.he artistUs pig8ent cad8iu8 1ellow6 Cd-6 has a water solubilit1 of 3.he solubilit1 product of Cd-6 Ksp 9 QQQQQQQQ. nswer+ &.& .1 × 13-0 8olFE.33 8E of 3.= Wea/ 'ase ? -trong cid .3 × 13-0 M Ca"$%()& is 8i.0 × 13-1& .133 M C!($!& "Kb 9 (.itrations &3) -elenous acid6 !&-e%( has acid dissociation constants Ka1 9 (.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp &&) -il<er o.&53 M !Cl occurs at p! 9 QQQQQQQQ. g&C&%0 has a solubilit1 product Ksp 9 QQQQQQQQ.3 × 13-0 M B)6 a precipitate of Ca)& QQQQQQQQ "will6 will not) for8.1( gFE. nswer+ =.he half equi<alence point in the titration of 3.ed with A5 8E of 0.1 > 13?0 .5 × 13-11. . nswer+ 0.opic+ -ection 15.opic+ -ection 15. When &5.1@) .1( 4recipitation of 7onic Co8pounds 0& Cop1right 2 &31& 4earson 5ducation6 7nc.5A . .5 > 13?& and Ka& 9 5 > 13?=.opic+ -ection 15.11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp &() .11 Measuring Bsp and Calculating -olubilit1 fro8 Bsp &0) -tate whether the solubilit1 of Cu"%!)& will increase or decrease upon the addition of aqueous solutions of a) !Cl6 b) $a%!6 c) $!(.he solubilit1 of Ca)& at this te8perature is QQQQQQQQ 8olFE. .1& )actors . 7f &5 8E of =.alate6 g&C&%06 has a 8olar solubilit1 9 1.

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