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[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM

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January 1, 2012

GROUP ASSIGNMENT

NAME: DARINI SHAMUGAVEL (TP025581) KESAVARAJA A/L TAMILSELVEN (TP025205) KRISHAN KUMAR A/L LOGENDREN (TP024436) INTAKE CODE: UCD2F1207 DIT/SE SUBJECT: OPERATING SYSTEMS (AICT004-3-2-OS) PROJECT TITLE: A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSTEM DATE ASSIGNED: 24th JULY 2012 DATE COMPELETED: 5th OCTOBER2012 LECTURER: MISS AKANSHA MANDHANA

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[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] Table of Contents

January 1, 2012

Table of Figures ....................................................................................................................... 3 Research and Investigation ..................................................................................................... 4
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 4 System Hardware Requirements ........................................................................................................ 6 Memory Management ........................................................................................................................ 7

Installation ................................................................................................................................ 8 ................................................................................................................................................. 10 ................................................................................................................................................. 11 Analysis ................................................................................................................................... 22
User Interface ................................................................................................................................... 22 Process Control Management .......................................................................................................... 29 Deadlock Management ..................................................................................................................... 31 Memory Management ...................................................................................................................... 33 Secondary Disk Scheduling Management ......................................................................................... 40 Standard Support .............................................................................................................................. 41 Conclusion ......................................................................................................................................... 42 Gantt chart ........................................................................................................................................ 43 Workload Matrix ............................................................................................................................... 43 Minutes of Meetings ......................................................................................................................... 45 References ........................................................................................................................................ 46

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[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] Table of Figures

January 1, 2012

Figure 1 ................................................................................................................................................... 4 Figure 2- Windows 7 boot from CD ....................................................................................................... 8 Figure 3- Loading installation files ......................................................................................................... 8 Figure 4- Windows 7 setup loaded successfully ..................................................................................... 9 Figure 5- Selecting language and other preferences ............................................................................... 9 Figure 6- Clicking the install button ..................................................................................................... 10 Figure 7- Waiting for Windows 7 setup to start.................................................................................... 10 Figure 8- Windows 7 Licence Terms .................................................................................................... 11 Figure 9- Type of Installations .............................................................................................................. 11 Figure 10- Location to install Windows 7 ............................................................................................ 12 Figure 11- Installing Windows 7 .......................................................................................................... 12 Figure 12- Restarting Windows ............................................................................................................ 13 Figure 13- Starting of Windows 7......................................................................................................... 13 Figure 14- Registry Settings ................................................................................................................. 14 Figure 15- Starting up Windows ........................................................................................................... 14 Figure 16- Completing Installation ....................................................................................................... 15 Figure 17- Starting computer automatically ......................................................................................... 15 Figure 18- Windows 7 starting.............................................................................................................. 16 Figure 19- Setup is preparing your computer for first use .................................................................... 16 Figure 20- Checking for video performance ......................................................................................... 17 Figure 21- User name and Computer Name ......................................................................................... 17 Figure 22- Setting up a password.......................................................................................................... 18 Figure 23- Typing Windows Product Key ............................................................................................ 18 Figure 24- Windows update option....................................................................................................... 19 Figure 25- Reviewing time and date settings ........................................................................................ 19 Figure 26-Selecting computer's current location .................................................................................. 20 Figure 27- Waiting to connect to a network ......................................................................................... 20 Figure 28- Preparing desktop ................................................................................................................ 21 Figure 29- Installation of Windows 7 is complete ................................................................................ 21 Figure 30- Snapshot of Aero Peek feature ............................................................................................ 23 Figure 31- Snapshot of Aero Snap feature ............................................................................................ 24 Figure 32-Snapshot of Windows 7 taskbar ........................................................................................... 25 Figure 33-Snapshot of Computer Screen .............................................................................................. 26 Figure 34- Snapshot of Quick Search ................................................................................................... 26 Figure 35- Snapshot of Start menu ....................................................................................................... 27 Figure 36 shows the diagram for process control management ............................................................ 30 Figure 37- a full of screen menu ........................................................................................................... 35 Figure 39- shows the description column, which identifies each process ............................................ 36

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[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM]

January 1, 2012

Research and Investigation
Introduction
In today‟s technological world “Operating Systems” would be familiar to most people. The basic and one of the earliest definitions can be said as a system which takes input from different sources, processes them based on predesigned instructions within it and provides meaningful outputs. The operating system is commonly referred by its acronym “OS”. (Basics of Operating Systems, 2006-2012)

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An operating system is a program that acts as an intermediary between a computer user and the computer hardware. Operating system carries out the basic jobs like accepting commands from the user, provides desired services to the user and user programs, controlling and giving priority to the system requirements, assigning the memory and organizing file systems. There are various types of operating system which is developed worldwide and being used for various purposes on various platforms and devices.

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2000 and ME. 98. Before the development of Windows 7. Windows 7 is a multi tasking operating system which is developed by Microsoft for the public in 2009. There are six versions of Microsoft Windows 7 which are the Starter. Home Basic. Concerning to our assignment title. Those operating systems are Windows 95. our group chose the Windows 7 Operating System. there were few other operating systems that have been introduced into the world of computing. Home Premium. Windows 7 has a 64-bit along with the availability of 32 bit support which enables the users to use almost all the latest PC‟s. 2012 One of the most common Graphical User Interface Operating Systems is Windows. Windows 7 supports them all. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Research and Investigation 5 . and Professional. Ultimate and Enterprise in order to home and business/enterprise purposes.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. Windows 7 was launched with many new and advanced features which are beneficial to users.

2012) ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Research and Investigation 6 .0 or higher driver.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. Windows 7 has certain requirements that your computer must meet. They are as follows:     I gigahertz processor 1 gigabyte of RAM ( For 32 bit) and 2 gigabyte of RAM ( For 64 bit) 16 gigabyte ( For 32 bit ) and 20 gigabyte ( For 64 bit) hard drive DirectX 9 compatible graphics device with WDDM 1. 2012 System Hardware Requirements In order for Windows 7 to run smoothly. (Windows.

ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Research and Investigation 7 . 2012 Memory Management The table shows the comparison between Windows 7 and XP  32-bit and 64-bit refer to the way a computer's processor handles information. The 64bit version of Windows handles large amounts of random access memory (RAM) more effectively than a 32-bit system.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.

2012 Installation Figure 2.Loading installation files  Windows 7 is loading the files to begin the installation.Windows 7 boot from CD  To begin Windows 7 installation process. user will need to boot from Windows 7 CD and press any key to start the boot from CD. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Installation 8 . Figure 3.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.

ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Installation 9 . Windows is starting by itself and it is indicating that the setup process is about to begin. 2012 Figure 4.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. and keyboard or input method and click next to continue.Windows 7 setup loaded successfully  After the windows 7 setup is loaded completely. time and currency format.Selecting language and other preferences  Users would have to select the preferred language. Figure 5.

Clicking the install button  Click on the Install button to continue Figure 7.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.Waiting for Windows 7 setup to start  The Windows 7 setup is starting ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 10 . 2012 Figure 6.

Accept the terms and click next to continue. Users can choose any of the type according to their preference.Type of Installations  There are two choices which are Upgrade and Custom Installation.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. 2012 Figure 8.Windows 7 License Terms  The textbox is containing Windows 7 Software Licence Terms. Figure 9. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 11 .

2012 Figure 10.Location to install Windows 7  Users will have to choose the location to install Windows 7 and click next to continue. Figure 11.Installing Windows 7  Windows is now being installed in the selected location that the user has chose in the previous step. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 12 .[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.

Figure 13. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 13 .Starting of Windows 7  User will have to wait till Windows 7 starts.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.Restarting Windows  Installation is complete and restarting of the Windows is a must after installation. 2012 Figure 12.

ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 14 .Starting up Windows  Users will have to wait while Windows 7 starts its services. Figure 15.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. 2012 Figure 14.Registry Settings  Windows 7 setup is now updating its registry settings to prepare the final stages of the operating system installation.

Starting computer automatically  Windows 7 restarts automatically. Figure 17. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 15 . 2012 Figure 16.Completing Installation  Windows 7 is finally completing its installation.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.

Setup is preparing your computer for first use  Windows 7 is now preparing computer for the first use. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 16 . Figure 19.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.Windows 7 starting  Users will have to wait till Windows 7 starts. 2012 Figure 18.

[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.Checking for video performance  Users will have to wait again till the setup process to check the video performance is done.User name and Computer Name  Windows 7 needs to know what use name you'd like to use and how you'd like your computer to be identified on your local network. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 17 . 2012 Figure 20. Figure 21.

 Microsoft recommends users to choose a password that will be required when starting Windows 7 before accessing to your user account. 2012 Figure 22. Figure 23.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.Typing Windows Product Key  Enter the product key that came with your retail purchase or legal download of Windows 7.Setting up a password. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 18 .

Reviewing time and date settings  Users would have to choose the time and date settings for Windows 7. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 19 .Windows update option  Windows 7 is asking users to choose how users want to automatically install updates from Microsoft's Windows Update service. 2012 Figure 24.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. Figure 25.

2012 Figure 26-Selecting computer's current location  Users need to select your computer's current location window Figure 27.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.Waiting to connect to a network  Windows 7 is now connecting your computer to the network ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 20 .

Windows 7 is preparing your desktop. 2012 Figure 28.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. Figure 29.Preparing desktop  Now.Installation of Windows 7 is complete  This completes the final step of your new installed Windows 7. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | 21 .

closing the browser and etc. 2012 Analysis User Interface A user interface also called as “UI” or simply an “interface” is the means in which a person controls a software application or hardware device. (TechTerms. Windows Aero is added to Windows 7 and it is a type of user interface and although it looks similar to the older interface in many ways. where we need to memorize specific commands to open a specific application/program. allowing the user to interact with the software or hardware in a natural and spontaneous way.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. windows. Nearly all software programs and operating systems have a graphical user interface or known as “GUI”. deleting a file. GUI is easier for the end user to use and learn with just having basic knowledge of computer. opening a browser. A typical GUI consists of a menu bar. which the user can select using a mouse or keyboard. buttons.com. The programs includes graphical controls. GUI is not like the command line operating system. icons and other controls to carry out commands such as creating file. Upon adding to the features. Examples of GUI are:    Windows 7 Mac OS Mountain Lion Linux Windows 7 has many new features and enhancements. it is actually quite different. The visible changes a user can see on the user interface are as follows: ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 22 . A good user interface provides a “userfriendly” experience. 2009) . toolbar.

Snapshot of Aero Peek feature One of Windows 7 features is called Aero Peek is shown in Figure 30. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 23 . users have three word documents open. Aero Peek allows users to “see through” or X-Ray visions all of the current open windows on the display so that they can see straight to the items on the Windows 7 desktop.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. Aero Peek Figure 30. Aero Peek is available on Home Premium Edition. For example. To access into those specific windows. it is done by pointing the mouse to the right edge of the Windows taskbar which actually forces all the open tabs to become transparent. The word icon will appear on the taskbar and it is highlighted to indicate that the word document is running. and Ultimate Edition. 2012 1. allowing the user to “see through” and review those tabs on the desktop background. Professional Edition.

It is available on all versions of Windows. if a user has two word documents opened in a display mode and wants to compare them side by side. To get the other window in a similar view.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.il/new-aero-features-in-windows-7. 2012 2.co. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 24 .petri. all they have to do is leverage snap by clicking and dragging one document to the extreme left of the screen which snaps 50% of the view able space. they would just need drag it to the extreme right side. For example. Aero Snap Figure 31. Aero Snap is a quick way for users to resize open windows by simply dragging them to the edges of the desktop.Snapshot of Aero Snap feature Source: http://www.htm Figure 31 shows another feature of Windows 7 is Aero Snap.

Computer Screen The computer screen (formerly known as My Computer) shown in Figure 33 has changed slightly in Windows 7. you also have an “Explorer” type view on the left side that will allow you easy access to the contents of those drives. It combines with the earlier taskbars which was place to show which programs were open and allow user to switch between programs. (Smith. In the taskbar. these are the things users can see clearly:   Display Desktop – This feature will hide all open windows allowing the user to view their full Desktop. Notification Area – Displays any programs you have running in the background (such as a virus scanning program) and displays the time and date. 2012) ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 25 . (Smith.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. The Taskbar Figure 32-Snapshot of Windows 7 taskbar The new Windows 7 taskbar shown in Figure 32 is considerably different from previous incarnations of Windows. Users can now “pin” programs to taskbar which will place a shortcut to that program directly on the taskbar. 2012) 2. Along with showing all of the various drives attached to your computer. 2012 1.

(Smith. In our example the user was able to find Windows Update by typing the word “update” (without quotations) in the search filed located in the top right corner of the window. 2012) Figure 34.Snapshot of Quick Search ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 26 . such as the Control Panel. 2012 Figure 33-Snapshot of Computer Screen 3. Quick Search Have you ever opened a window. and have trouble finding what you are looking for? Windows 7 allows users to search individual windows through Quick Search.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. The Quick Search field is available most windows.

[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] 4.Snapshot of Start menu ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 27 . As the “Start” implies. folders and settings. it‟s often the place where users will go to start or open programs. 2012) Figure 35. Users would find the “Start Menu” in Windows 7 is easier to use as the icons are large enough and it‟s arranged accordingly to alphabetically order. It is the main gateway to your computer‟s programs. (Windows. Start Menu January 1. 2012 Figure 35 shows the start menu.

 In the lower left corner is the search box which allows users to search for programs by typing in. It is also where you go to log off from Windows or turn of your whole machine.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] The “Start Menu” is divided into three basic parts: January 1. Clicking on „All Programs‟ displays a complete list of programs installed.  The right pane shows the access to commonly used folders and files. 2012  The large left pane shows a short listed of programs installed in your computer. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 28 .

ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 29 . It is enhanced with preemptive multitasking process that single can be intermittent by another process during execution completed. A process is sequential in a program implementation with requirement of memory. The operating system supports round robin scheduling algorithm for real time range treads. (Microsoft. and documents to absolute its task. The process allocates a priority and executes at any time. while the other process will be waiting for execute or performing I/O. Windows 7 operating system is real time software that requires process control management. (Singh. Windows 7 uses a control block with priority level and time window system which control the arrangement of process and threads if occurs interruption.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. CPU time. Process involves central process units that contain a set of instruction that called threats. This application allows switching one treads to another rapidly and synchronized. Windows 7 is a multitasking operating system which can runs multiple applications at one time. 2010) During a process execution time those resources are allocated and if the program is reactive at the same time as active process. 2012 Process Control Management Process control management can define as a multiprogramming method that runs multiple processers. 2012) Threats are spawned by process that creates through an application and the operation system runs. Each one instruction files contains each application that written by programmers.

CPU will switch to next tread and the first process will be at waiting point until the execution done. 2012 Figure 36 shows the diagram for process control management Source: http://www. Higher level priority has superior probability to pre-empt over current treads that executing or next quantum.srinivasbt.com/linux/process. A priority level assigned for treads and process allows a systematic pre-empt or execution. (Byron Wright. 2012) ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 30 . Central process unit will confine the treads that not finish executes because of preemption and resume on the earlier processors that ran it.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. There are two types of scheduling process which real-time priority level will be 16–31 and Dynamic priority 1-15. Preemption of treads only can happen before the current tread quantum is finishes. If the tread cant doesn‟t finish its task at time.htm The central process unit checks to observe either needs to switch to other threads is depends on the time that given for each treads for execution before.

Mutual Exclusion The resources involved are non-shareable.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. 2012 Deadlock Management A set of process have a deadlock. ‘Hold and Wait’ Requesting process hold already. (techforum4u. Deadlock can only exist if 4 conditions hold simultaneously: I. each member of the set of deadlock processes is waiting for a resource that can be released only by a deadlock process. resources while waiting for requested resources. Explanation: A process holds a resource while waiting for another resource. None of the processes can run. a printer. and can be awakened. Deadlock is where process 1 has been allocated non-shareable resources A. and process 2 has be allocated non-sharable resource B. The system is in deadlock state because each process holds a resource being requested by the other process neither process is willing to release the resource it holds. each is blocked the other and all useful work in the system stops. if each process is waiting for an event that only another process in the set can cause. say. say. can release any resources. Now. if it turns out that process 1 needs resource B to proceed and process 2 needs resource A to proceed and these are the only two processes in the system.2012) Conditions for deadlock There are four conditions in deadlock. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 31 . II.  Example. This situation is termed deadlock. In other words. Explanation: Only one process at a time can use at least one resource. a tap drive.

waits for Process A.. There are.. ensuring that the system will never enter a deadlock state. Use a protocol to prevent or avoid deadlocks.requires that the OS be given in advance additional information concerning which resources a process will request and use during its life time. IV.   Deadlock Prevention. and recover. No Pre-emption Resources cannot be preempted. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 32 . Explanation: Once a process holds a resource. it cannot be taken away by another process or the kernel. Method for Handling Deadlock There are 3 simple methods to handling deadlock.provides a set of methods for ensuring that at least one of the necessary conditions Deadlock avoidance. I. detect it. 2012 III. II. Circular wait One process waits for another in a circular fashion Explanation: Process A waits for Process B waits for Process C.. III.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. Ignore the problem altogether and pretend that deadlocks never occur in the system. Allow the system to enter a deadlock state.

The nonpaged pool consists of virtual memory addresses that are guaranteed to reside in physical memory while paged pool consists of virtual memory that can be paged in and out of the system. 2012 Memory Management Windows 7 Memory Management Windows 7 memory manager tools virtual memory provides a hub set of services such as memory mapped files. Both memory pools are located in the region of the address space that is reserved for the system. and multiprocessor systems have five paged pools. Each time a thread references an address. systems with a single processor have three paged pools. To develop performance. copy-on-write memory. The virtual address space for 32-bit Windows is 4 gigabytes (GB) in size and divided into two partitions: one for use by the process and the other reserved for use by the system (Virtual Address Space. All threads of a process can access its virtual address space. and underlying support for the cache manager.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. large memory support. Virtual address does not represent the real physical site of an object in memory. which protects a process from being corrupted by another process. Each process on 64-bit Windows has a virtual address space of 8 terabytes. 2012) Memory Pools Memory manager creates the following memory pools that the system uses to assign memory. 2012) ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 33 . (Memory pools. threads cannot access memory that belongs to another process. the system translates the virtual address to a physical address. Each process on 32-bit Microsoft Windows has its individual virtual address space that enables addressing up to 4 gigabytes of memory. However. (Memory management. nonpaged and paged pool. 2012) Virtual Address Space Address space for each process is private and cannot accessed by other processes unless if it is shared.

  Lock one or more pages of committed memory into physical memory (RAM) Get information about a range of pages in the virtual address space of the particular process. 2012) ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 34 . 2012 Virtual Memory Function The virtual memory functions enable a process to manipulate the status of pages in its virtual address space. Making the range of virtual addresses existing for following allocation operations by the calling process. (Virtual Memory Function. releasing their physical storage and making it available for subsequent allocation by any process. read-only. Indicate read/write.     Reserve a range of a process's virtual address space.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. or no access for a range of committed pages.  Reassign a series of committed pages. They are.  Change the access protection for a particular range of committed pages in the virtual address space of the particular process. Assign a range of reserved pages in a process's virtual address space.

switch to. then click Start Task Manager.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] Windows Task Manager January 1. 2012  Task Manager provides information about programs and processes running on your computer.a full of screen menu In Application Tab. The easiest way to access the Task Manager in Windows 7 is by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Delete. or start a program. Figure 37.shows the status of programs running on your computer ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 35 . you can end. Figure 38.

shows the review the services ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 36 .shows the description column. 2012 Processes Tab provides you very detailed information about the processes running on your computer. Figure 40. Figure 38.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. which identifies each process Services Tab provides with a convenient way to quick review the services that are running while troubleshooting.

Figure 41. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 37 . separately. The Free entry shows the amount of memory used recently in the cached but does not contain useful information.shows the Performance Tab Physical Memory (MB):     Total entry shows the amount of RAM installed in the system. The Available entry shows the amount of physical memory that is currently not being used. Kernel Memory (MB):  The Paged and Nonpaged entries break down the total amount of memory being used by the kernel and show you how much of it is coming from virtual memory and how much is coming from physical memory. The Cached entry indicates the amount of physical memory used recently for system resources. 2012 The most commonly accessed tab in Task Manager is the Performance tab.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.

2012 The Handles entry shows the number of object identifiers currently is use by all running processes. The Up Time entry shows the amount of time that has passed since the computer has been restarted. When you access on the Networking tab. Threads entry shows to refer to the number of sub-processes running inside of larger processes. Here. you can view network status and see how your network is functioning. represent the number of currently running processes. Commit entry is a simple measurement that shows Page File usage. and the second number indicated the total amount of physical and virtual memory available on your computer. In addition.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] System:      January 1. the first number shows the total number of physical and virtual memory currently in use. Figure 42. you can see the each of the current running processes by selecting the Processes tab.shows the network status ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 38 . The processes entry.

2012 Figure 43. 2012) Figure 44.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] On the Users tab.shows how your memory is being used with detailed information ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 39 . you can see who is logged on to the system. January 1. The Memory tab shows how your memory is being used.shows the user Resource Monitor By clicking the button at the bottom of the Performance tab in Task Manager. with detailed information for each process and a colorful Physical Memory bar graph to show exactly what's happening with your memory. (Windows 7 memory management.

2012 Secondary Disk Scheduling Management Disk scheduling management is a process that system resources which shared by threads. Disk is known as huge secondary storage contributor and also characterized quick access time with bandwidth. Hamilton. Those logical blocks are mapped onto the disk according to string of arrays.) The image above shows the requested once-over is according to the shortest distance request. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 40 . n. processors or else data flow. (Howard J.d. and then followed by the next request which is 60 instead of 70 because its only 18 tracks which can be classified the nearest request. Seek time and rotational latency is two key constituents of the access time. until it is completely finished until the ending. Windows 7 operating system disk scheduling based on shortest seeks time algorithm which service based on the demand that nearest to the existing head with the in spite of direction. The secondary disk scheduling is a media configuration that evolution of magnetic tapes towards disk. Which the head request that starts from 50 and proceeds to 42 because according to the SSTF scheduling the nearest request will respond immediately compared to others. Secondary disk scheduling consists of single dimensional arrays of logical blocks.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.

There is also customer service assistance. The support options may include email. They will ask few questions to help determine what your support options are. there is a fix and solution center. Third party support is also available such as OEM (original equipment manufacturer). click on the product and version below that is applicable to you. users can get Microsoft Technical Support. the primary source for support is the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) who provided the Microsoft product. 2012) ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 41 . Users may go see these people personally about Microsoft products and services. If you Microsoft product is pre-installed.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. Lastly but not least. There are many types of standard support provided by Windows. distributed with your computer. on-line submission or phone support. This helps users to find automated solutions for user‟s issues. Microsoft answers are also available for users where users can post questions or browse for solutions in the Windows 7 forums. (Microsoft. User must visit OEM contact page to learn how to tell whether your installation is OEM. Users could visit Microsoft page to obtain help. Windows. Users will have to contact a Microsoft support professional. Besides that. or obtained as an upgrade directly from your computer manufacturer. 2012 Standard Support All operating systems have their own standard support so does Windows 7. It is important for users to know the standard support for their operating system.

we have learned in detail about Windows 7 and its unique features. Miss Akansha for guiding us throughout the whole assignment and having the patience to bear with us throughout this whole semester. we also learned about the drawbacks in certain operating systems. Upon completing this assignment together. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 42 . 2012 Conclusion This comes to end of our group assignment.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. We would take this opportunity to thank our lecturer. On the other hand.

2012 Gantt chart ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 43 .[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.

[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1. 2012 Workload Matrix Name Darini Shanmugavel (TP025581) Task/Responsibility                 Introduction Installation User Interface Standard Support Minutes of Meeting Workload Matrix Compilation of whole assignment Introduction Comparison of Memory Management Memory Management Deadlock Management Minutes of Meeting Introduction Process Control Management Secondary Disk Scheduling Management Gantt Chart Signature Kesavaraja a/l Tamilselven (TP025205) Krishan Kumar (TP0) ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 44 .

3011.15am  TPM               Research and Investigation has been done.3011.30am TPM Darini Kesav Krishan Presentation slides ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 45 .45am  TPM    Darini Kesav Krishan  21st August 2012      4th September 2012 18th September 2012      10. Documentation for this part is completed.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.00am Venue  TPM Members Attended    Darini Kesav Krishan  Topic Discussed  Understanding the assignment Tasks have been divided equally to all members. 7th August 2012  10.0011.3011.45am TPM Darini Kesav Krishan Darini Kesav Krishan   Report Progress Discussion on analysis part Report Progress Discussion on what has been completed by group members 10.0011.15am TPM Darini Kesav Krishan  Report Progress Discussion of Windows 7 Installation 25th September 2012 10. 10. 2012 Minutes of Meetings Date 31st July 2012 Time  10.3011.

microsoft.Microsoft Windows.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.cs.com (2000) Operating Systems.microsoft.microsoft.html [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012].. [online] Available at: http://windows. 1Cs.uregina. Techterms.microsoft. Support.html [Accessed: 13 September 2012]. [online] Available at: http://msdn. 7.door2windows. [online] Available at: http://support.microsoft. Resources.com [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012]. [online] Available at: http://www2.edu (n. 2012 References 1.) Microsoft Support.com (2009) User Interface Definition. 3. Msdn.) Scheduling of Processes.com/enMY/windows7/products/system-requirements?SignedIn=1 [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012].altiusdirectory. [online] Available at: http://www.com (2012) Windows 7 system requirements .html [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012]. 10. 6. Softwares. (2011) How To Install Windows 7 (Step-By-Step Tutorial With Screenshots) | door2windows.microsoft. Windows.com/ph/14019 [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012]. Altiusdirectory.uregina. Support.edu/academics/courses/fall04/os/c10/index. 4.ca (n. Tasks.microsoft.techterms. B.com/Computers/operating-systems.com (2012) Microsoft Windows. Types. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 46 .com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366912 [Accessed: 14 September 2012].com/definition/user_interface [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012].d.cs. 8. Operating Systems for Computers.microsoft.microsoft. Basics. [online] Available at: http://www. [online] Available at: http://www.rpi. Bagaria.com (2010) Support for Windows 7.rpi.ca/~hamilton/courses/330/notes/scheduling/scheduling.) Deadlock. 5.com/ph/14019 [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012]. [online] Available at: http://windows. Windows. Www2. 2.com/how-to-install-windows-7/ [Accessed: 3 Oct 2012].d. Standards.d.com (2012) Virtual Address Space.microsoft. [online] Available at: http://support. [online] Available at: http://www.cs. 9.com (n.

hightech-edge. Msdn. 13.aspx [Accessed: 23 September 2012]. Siber.aspx [Accessed: 15 September 2012].microsoft. Msdn.[A DETAILED RESEARCH ON WINDOWS 7 OPERATING SYSYTEM] January 1.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa366916(v=vs.edu.html [Accessed: 23 September 2012]. 14. 2012 11.com/windows-task-manageroverview/1243/ [Accessed: 25 September 2012]. ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY | Analysis 47 . [online] Available at: http://siber.tr (n.cankaya.com (2012) Virtual Memory Functions.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa965226(v=vs. [online] Available at: http://msdn.85). Hightech-edge.edu.com (2012) Memory Pools.85). [online] Available at: http://www.cankaya. [online] Available at: http://msdn.com (2008) Windows Task Manager Explained | HighTech EDGE.tr/ozdogan/OperatingSystems/ceng328/node157.d.microsoft.microsoft.) Methods for Handling Deadlocks.microsoft. 12.