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General Study Skills and Self Management

Hardisman, MD, MHID, DrPH (Med)

Senior Lecturer in Medical Education Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University Padang , West Sumatera eMail: Web:


Learning Strategies Time Management Self Management

Learning Strategies

Study Approach
: A.S.P.I.R.E. Approach Select Piece Investigate Re-evaluate Evaluate/Explore

Specific Measurable Attainable Rewarding Timely

Study Skills
Note taking Exam preparation Searching References Analysis References Team work Writing Skills

Discussion team work : Open minded like parachute Not parasite

Time Management


Benefits of time management

Efficient Successful Healthy


Set goals
Specific Measurable
Achievable Realistic Time-based


Do Delegate Delay Delete


Learn when to say NO

You cant do everything Dont undertake things you cant complete Remain consistent to your goals


Use your waiting time


public transportation At the doctors office Waiting for your plane On hold When you are early


Stress Management

Stress Management
Stress ? How big is our stress? When does it become problem? What is organization impact?

Why do we need to Mange it? How do we mange it?


Specific response physical and psychological to stressor often automatic

Fight or fight response

Stages of Stress Responses

Alarm Stage Resistance Stage Exhaustion Stage

Alarm Stage
fell of stressor/ threat

Resistance Stage
Adaptation/ compensation involve physical or physiological mechanism: Sympathic autonom nerves system

Decompensation Adaptation disorders



Role of Stress and Stressors

Too Little : No challenges, boredom & lazy Moderate/ Optimum Increase performance Too Much Exhaustion Distress and Anxiety

Exhaustion Decompensation Distress

Physical and psychological symptoms

Physical and psychological disorders/ disease Cardiovascular Diseases Neurotic: Anxiety and Depression

Affective Disorders etc

Organization ?

Study and University Task Stressor Organization Stressor Human Relationship Stressor

Study and University Task Medical Study Big Stressor

Distress, Anxiety and Depression (12-46%) *

*Many literatures and depends on method and research focus

Organization & Human relation Stressors



(Enjoyable and Relax)

How to Mange Stress

Identify Stressor Identify Personal Stress Response Adjustment and or adaptation Relaxation Counselling

Identify Stressor

Activity: study, Organization etc Trauma Emotional Family Finance Etc

How big are they in yours?

Remember QS 2:155 dan 2:286

Identify and Priority

Frequency: Number and Time Severity Urgency and Emergency

Current stage of Personal Responses

Good Responses or Exhaustion ?

Emotional and life balance Productivity

Interactive: Self Assessment of Stressor & Stress Identification

Adaptation and Adjustment

Decrease Stressors Positive response

QS 13:28