You are on page 1of 3

STEPHEN HAWKING The eldest of Frank and Isobel Hawking's four children, Stephen William Hawking was born

on the 300th anniversary of the death of Galileo—long a source of pride for the noted physicist — on January 8, 1942. He was born in Oxford, England, into a family of thinkers. His father, Frank Hawking, another Oxford graduate, was a respected medical researcher with a specialty in tropical diseases. Stephen Hawking's birth came at an inopportune time for his parents, who didn't have much money. The political climate was also tense, as England was dealing with World War II and the onslaught of German bombs. In an effort to seek a safer place to have their first child, Frank moved his pregnant wife from their London home to Oxford. At the age of eleven, Stephen went to St. Albans School and then on to University College, Oxford; his father's old college. Stephen wanted to study Mathematics, although his father would have preferred medicine. Mathematics was not available at University College, so he pursued Physics instead. After three years and not very much work, he was awarded a first class honours degree in Natural Science. In 1950, Hawking's father took work as the head of the Division of Parasitology at the National Institute of Medical Research, and spent the winter months in Africa doing research. At an early age, Hawking showed a passion for science and the sky. That was evident to his mother, who, along with her children, often stretched out in the backyard on summer evenings to stare up at the stars. "Stephen always had a strong sense of wonder," she remembered and she could see that the stars would draw him. Early in his academic life, Hawking, while recognized as bright, was not an exceptional student. At one point during his high school years, he was third from the bottom of his class. But Hawking focused on pursuits outside of school; he loved board games, and he and a few close friends created new games of their own. At the age of 16, Hawking, along with several friends, constructed a computer out of recycled parts for solving rudimentary mathematical equations. At age 21, while studying cosmology at the University of Cambridge, he was diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and was given two years to live. Despite his debilitating illness, he has done ground-breaking work in physics and cosmology, and his several books have helped to make science accessible to everyone. Stephen then went on to Cambridge to do research in Cosmology. After gaining his Ph.D. he became first a Research Fellow and later on a Professorial Fellow at Gonville and Caius College. After leaving the Institute of Astronomy in 1973, Stephen came to the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics in 1979, and held the post of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 1979 until 2009. It was first held by Isaac Barrow and then in 1669 by Isaac Newton. Stephen is still an active part of Cambridge University and retains an office at the Department for Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics. His title is now Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology. Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes. These results indicated that it was necessary to unify General Relativity with Quantum Theory, the other great Scientific development of the first half of the 20th Century. One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but rather should emit radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear. Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time. This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science.

In 2007. Pictures of the freely floating physicist splashed across newspapers around the globe. the essay collection Black Holes and Baby Universe and The Universe in a Nutshell.His many publications include The Large Scale Structure of Spacetime with G F R Ellis. Now Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge. Stephen Hawking has three popular books published. wrote the modern classic A Brief History of Time to help non-scientists understand fundamental questions of physics and our existence: where did the universe come from? How and why did it begin? Will . “THE GRAND DESIGN’’. They convincingly argue that scientific obsession with formulating a single new model may be misplaced. General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey. Stephen was also given the honour to open the 2012 Paralympic Games and welcome athletes from the whole world to London. In spite of being wheelchair bound and dependent on a computerised voice system for communication. Professor Hawking and renowned science writer Leonard Mlodinow have drawn on forty years of Hawking's own research and a recent series of extraordinary astronomical observations and theoretical breakthroughs to reveal an original and controversial theory. While visiting the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. "My goal is simple. with W Israel. and 300 Years of Gravity. Stephen Hawking is regarded as one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists since Einstein. shortly after his 21st birthday. one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists in history. He was awarded the CBE in 1982. medals and prizes. The Grand Design. Hawking made an important step toward space travel. He is the recipient of many awards." Stephen Hawking is the former Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge and author of A Brief History of Time which was an international bestseller. Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays. Hawking. was freed from his wheelchair to experience bursts of weightlessness. at the age of 65. and that by synthesising existing theories we may discover the key to finally understanding the universe's deepest mysteries. The Universe in a Nutshell. Over the course of two hours over the Atlantic. a passenger on a modified Boeing 727. his best seller A Brief History of Time. He has also written a book George and the big bang coauthored with his daughter Lucy hawking updated in light of the discovery of the Higgs-like boson at CERN. It is a complete understanding of the universe. he was given the opportunity to experience an environment without gravity. is a Fellow of The Royal Society and a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences. why it is as it is and why it exists at all. Space Travel and Further Fame Hawking's quest for big answers to big questions includes his own personal desire to travel into space. Stephen Hawking continues to combine family life (he has three children and three grandchildren). Stephen Hawking. with W Israel. and most recently in 2010. In the groundbreaking new work. and was made a Companion of Honour in 1989. Stephen was diagnosed with ALS. and his research into theoretical physics together with an extensive programme of travel and public lectures. a form of Motor Neurone Disease. his other books for the general reader include A Briefer History of Time. Professor Hawking has twelve honorary degrees.

"God not only plays dice. please refer the book brief history of time. how? If you want the answers. Stephen H despite his illness proved to the world as the greatest physicist of all time after Newton and Einstein. His life is an example to all of us." However difficult life may seem there is always something you can do and succeed at.it come to an end. He sometimes throws the dice where they cannot be seen. ______________Thank you________________ . and if so. Stephens books invoke interest in the field of science and space even among the common people and especially the younger generation.