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SULIT SULIT 4541/1 Kimia Kertas 1 Mei 2008 1¼ jam BAHAGIAN SEKOLAH KEMENTERIAN PELA ARAN MALA!

SIA ______________________________________________ PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2008 TINGKATAN 5 4541/1

KIMIA Kertas 1 Satu jam lima belas minit

ANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI HINGGA "IBERITAHU 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ". $. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan. Jawab semua soalan Jawab dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan Bagi setiap soalan hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja ekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan! padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru. #ajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala. %nda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator sainti&ik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 23 halaman bercetak

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SULIT IN#ORMATION #OR $AN"I"ATES 1 2 & 4 5 ) * 'his (uestion paper )onsists o& 50 (uestions. %nswer a%% (uestions. %nswer ea)h (uestion by bla)kening the )orre)t spa)e on the answer sheet. Bla)ken only '(e spa)e &or ea)h (uestion. *& you wish to )hange your answer! erase the bla)kened mark that you ha+e made. 'hen bla)ken the spa)e &or the new answer. 'he diagrams in the (uestions pro+ided are not drawn to s)ale unless stated. ,ou may use a non-programmable s)ienti&i) )al)ulator.

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. a chemist should tr to A B $ " 2 collect data make inference make h !othesis identif !roblems "he diagram sho#s a model of an atom.SULIT 1 After making observations.4 376 364 4 "he table sho#s the !ro!erties of element 8. SULIT 3 4541/1 . 2.143 0.15 A B $ " 1./02-% 1+elative atomic mass2 .3 S. *lectron Shell &ucleus that contains !roton and neutrons $ho introduced this model% A B $ " & &eils 'ohr (.gS-.( "homson (ames )had#ick *rnest +utherford $hat is the relative molecular mass of h drated magnesium sul!hate.g.6 2.323 -..

2 2. 9 and 8.SULIT *lement 8 • • • 9ro!erties &on>flammable ?sed as carrier gas in gas>li@uid chromatogra!h Ailled in electric light bulbs $hich of the follo#ing elements is 8% A B $ " 5 Sodium 0elium Argon Silver "he table sho#s the electron arrangement for elements . 4541/1 . *lement .. 2.4 2.:. )arbon Bead. &./ $hich of the follo#ing elements react to form an ionic com!ound% A B $ " ) . and 9 9 and 8 .. and 8 9 and & "he diagram sho#s the electrol sis of molten lead.<<= bromide heat $hat are the !roducts at the anode and the cathode% SULIT .:.<<= bromide using carbon electrodes. & 9 8 *lectron arrangement 2.

<<= h droCide 9otassium h droCide * $hich of the follo#ing salts is !re!ared through !reci!itation !rocess% A B $ " Bead.SULIT A('+e $at.67 277 $hich of the follo#ing is the meaning of activation energ % A B "he maCimum energ that the !articles need to !roduce effective collision "he amount of energ used b the !articles during a collision 6 4541/1 SULIT .67 277 .D<= Ammonium chloride 9otassium carbonate 'arium chloride - "he diagram sho#s the formation of ammonia through 0aber !rocess.<<= chromate. 0ressure 1 Ammonia $hich of the follo#ing re!resent catal st E. tem!erature F and !ressure G% A B $ " 10 $ata%.atalyst / 'emperature .D= oCide 9latinum <ron <ron Tem0erat1re !2 '$ 667 .'+e A 'romine Bead B -C gen 0 drogen $ 'romine 0 drogen " -C gen Bead $hich of the follo#ing is a #eak alkali% A B $ " 8 Bithium h droCide A@ueous ammonia )oo!er.67 Press1re 3 / atm 277 177 . 0 drogen &itrogen .st / Danadium.

SULIT $ " "he amount of kinetic energ of molecules during a collision "he minimum amount of energ that !articles must have in order to react 11 $hich of the follo#ing structural formulae sho#s an unsaturated h drocarbon% A B $ " SULIT 4 4541/1 .

#hich element re!resent E% SULIT / 4541/1 .1 mole of #ater% 1Avogadro constant2 4. &umber of electron 17 / 3 2 1& $hat is the number of oC gen atom in 7. '.72 C 1722 4.72 C 1723 mol>15 A B $ " 4. .71 C 1723 14 E is an element that has the follo#ing !ro!erties3 • o&t solid • #ea)ts with )old water to &orm alkaline solution • tore in para&&in oil Among elements A. ) and H in the 9eriodic "able of elements.SULIT 12 "he diagram sho#s the atomic s mbol of element E.2 C 1723 3.72 C 1723 47. / / 3 $hich of the follo#ing is true about the sub>atomic !articles of element E% A B $ " 9roton &umber / / 3 3 &umber of neutron / / .

1 mol dm>3 of co!!er. 2+ 2- 9 8 $hich of the follo#ing statements is true about the com!ound% A B $ " "here is strong intermolecular force bet#een !articles 9 and 8 "he com!ound is formed b sharing the electrons "he com!ound conduct electricit in molten state <t is an covalent com!ound 1) "he diagram sho#s the set>u! of the a!!aratus used to electrol ses 7. )arbon )o!!er.<<= chloride solution b using carbon electrodes.SULIT 15 "he diagram sho#s the electron arrangement of a com!ound formed bet#een atoms 9 and 8.<<= chloride solution $hat is observed at the anode% A )olourless gas bubbles released SULIT : 4541/1 .

K 02S-.SULIT B $ " 1* Ireenish ello# gas evolved 'ro#n solution !roduced 'ro#n solid de!osited $hich of the follo#ing e@uations sho#s the neutraliJation !rocess% I II III I4 A B $ " )u. $hat are the major com!onents used in the making of lead cr stal glass% SULIT L 4541/1 .&-3 )a)-3 K 02S-.  )uS-.K )-2 < onl << and <D onl < and <<< onl <.  )aS-. K 02Gn K 20)l  Gn)l2 K 02 &03 K 0&-3  &0. << and <D onl 18 $hich of the follo#ing ions form a #hite !reci!itate that does not dissolves in eCcess sodium h droCide solution but no change occur in a@ueous ammonia solution% A B $ " . K 02.g2K 9b2K )a2K Al3K 1- "he diagram sho#s the lead cr stal glass.

ethane B *thene $ 9ro!ene " 'utane "he gra!h sho#s the cooling curve of acetamide.<<= oCide <ron.<<= oCide Aluminium silicate and silicon dioCide Silicon dioCide and lead.2a(3 K Gn2s3  GnS-.<<= oCide and lead.<<<= oCide and boron oCide )hemical e@uation sho#s the reaction bet#een Jinc and sul!huric acid. "em!eratureM o) S 22 " ? D "imeM s $hich of the follo#ing statements are true about the !articles in acetamide from S to D% SULIT 17 4541/1 . $hich of the follo#ing gasses is filled in the gas c linder% A .<<= sul!hate ?se bigger siJe of Jinc 21 "he diagram sho#s the cooking gas c linder.2a(3 K 022g3 $hich of the follo#ing factors increases the rate of reaction% A B $ " <ncreases of volume of sul!huric acid ?se of lo#er concentration of sul!huric acid Addition of small amount of co!!er. 02S-.SULIT A B $ " 20 )o!!er.

6 mole of ethene burns com!letel % 11 mole of gas occu!ied 2. <<< and <D onl "he chemical e@uation sho#s the burning !rocess of ethene in eCcess air.l= $hat is the maCimum volume of carbon dioCide gas evolved #hen 7.SULIT I II III I4 A B $ " 2& 0eat energ is released b !articles "he kinetic energ of the !articles increase "he !article are closer to one another "he movement of the !articles becomes slo#er < and <<< onl <<< and <D onl <<. dm3 at room tem!erature and !ressure5 A B $ " 12 dm3 2. )20.: dm3 24 "he diagram sho#s the structure of atoms 8 and +.g= K 202-. dm3 34 dm3 . <<< and <D onl <. At'm 5 At'm R $hich of the follo#ing is true about atoms 8 and +% A B $ " 8 eCists as a diatomic molecule 8 and + have the same chemical !ro!erties + reacts #ith 8 to form an ionic com!ound 8 reacts #ith #ater to release h drogen SULIT 11 4541/1 ..g= K 3-2  2)-2.

valence electrons.72 mol dm>3 7. mol dm>3 7.4 and atom I has . $hat is the concentration of the sodium h droCide solution !roduced% A B $ " 7.74 mol dm>3 7.SULIT 25 "he electron arrangement of atom ( is 2. "his fertiliJer can be !re!ared in the laborator through the reaction bet#een A B a@ueous of ammonia solution and dilute sul!huric acid a@ueous of ammonia solution and sul!hur dioCide SULIT 12 4541/1 .7: mol dm>3 28 Ammonium sul!hate is used as a chemical fertiliJer. $hat t !e of bond and the chemical formula of the com!ound formed bet#een atoms ( and I% A B $ " " !e of bond <on <on )ovalent )ovalent )hemical formula (I2 I(2 I(2 (I2 2) "he diagram sho#s the set>u! of a!!aratus for the electrol sis of silver nitrate solution. Silver Silver Silver nitrate solution $hat is formed at the cathode% A B $ " Silver atoms -C gen gas 0 drogen gas Silver ions 2* "he distilled #ater is added to 27 cm3 of 1.7.7 mol dm>3 sodium h droCide solution to !roduce 267 cm3 of sodium h droCide solution.

Iron atom X atom $hat is E% A B $ " "in Ginc )arbon )o!!er &0 "he gra!h sho#s the maCimum volume of carbon dioCide gas evolved #hen calcium carbonate react #ith h drochloric acid. Dolume of )-2 gasM cm3 36 "imeM s 127 SULIT 13 4541/1 .SULIT $ " 2ammonia gas and sul!hur and oC gen ammonia gas and sul!hur trioCide "he diagram sho#s the arrangement of atoms in steel.

D<= )03)--0 $hat could be the organic com!ounds E and F.36 cm3 s>1 SteamM)atal st )om!ound F 9rocess A Acidified !otassium dichromate . Substance 9 8 + S . 8. + and S.77 cm3 s>1 7. )atal st and 9rocess A in the diagram% Compound X A B $ " *thene *thane *thane *thene Compound Y *thanol *thene *thene *thanol Catalyst 9hos!horic acid &ickel &ickel 9hos!horic acid Process A -Cidation 0 drogenation -Cidation 0 drogenation &2 "he table sho#s the melting !oint and boiling !oint for substances 9. 4541/1 .2L cm3 s>1 7.16 cm3 s>1 7.SULIT $hat is the rate of reaction at 127 s% A B $ " &1 )om!ound E 7.elting !ointM o) /L >1:7 >L6 >147 'oiling !ointM o) 17: >127 4L >L7 $hich of the substances eCists as a li@uid at room tem!erature% A 8 B + $ S " 9 SULIT 1.

because *lement .145 A B $ " &4 3.643 -.<<<= oCide.6 g .7 g of iron.7 g /.<<<= oCide% 1+elative atomic mass2 Ae. and &. *lement & is more electronegative than element . 2Ae2-3  .7 g "he table sho#s the !roton number for element .SULIT && "he e@uation sho#s the reaction of the eCtraction of iron from iron.6 g 4.Ae K 3-2 $hat is the mass of iron #hich can be eCtracted from 17. & A B $ " 9roton number : L atomic siJe of & is smaller atom & releases electrons easier atom & has less valence electron atom & has larger number of neutron &5 "he diagram sho#s the information of elements E and F / 14 E 3 : F $hich of the follo#ing is the diagram of electron arrangement for the com!ound formed #hen element E reacts #ith element F% A SULIT 16 4541/1 ..

g2K K 2e 9ositive terminal )u2K K 2e → )u SULIT 14 4541/1 .SULIT B $ " &) "he diagram sho#s the voltaic cell.agnesium .g → .agnesium nitrate solution $hich of the follo#ing half>e@uations re!resent the reaction at the negative terminal and !ositive terminal% A &egative "erminal .<<= chloride solution . )o!!er )o!!er.

solution 67 cm3 of 2.g2K K 2e → .41 g 4.<<= nitrate and !otassium iodide solution is re!resented b the e@uation belo# 9b..7 mol dm>3 02S-. g .&-3=2 .g )u2K K 2e → )u )u → )u2K K 2e )u → )u2K K 2e . 27/5 A B $ " 3.7 cm3 of 1. solution &8 "he reaction bet#een lead. solution 167 cm3 of 1.g $hich of the follo#ing solutions has the highest concentration of h drogen ion% A B $ " 67 cm3 of 1.7 mol dm>3 !otassium iodide solution is miCed #ith 27.a@=  9b<2 .g2K K 2e → .3.7 mol dm>3 02S-.a@= 17. solution 177 cm3 of 1.SULIT B $ " &* .4: g L.<<= iodide !roduced in this reaction% 1+elative atomic mass2 < .7 mol dm>3 02S-.7 mol dm>3 02S-.22 g &- "he diagram sho#s a structural formula of a !ol mer. $hat is the maCimum mass of lead.g2K K 2e .7 mol dm>3 lead.<<= nitrate solution.s= K 2K&-3 . H H $ $% ( A $ H $hich of the follo#ing is the monomer of the !ol mer% B $% $ $% " SULIT 1/ 4541/1 .7 cm3 of 1.a@= K 2K< .g → .12/ and 9b.

)a)-3 K 20)l → )a)l2 K )-2 K 02- Dolume of )-2M cm3 1:7 "imeMs SULIT 1: 4541/1 .SULIT $% $% $% 40 "he gra!h sho#s the volume of carbon dioCide gas released against time for the reaction bet#een 26 cm3 of h drochloric acid #ith eCcess marble.

g K 82 . $hat is the molecular formula of com!ound E% 1+elative atomic mass2 ).3 mol dm>3 7.g8 .6 g of h drogen gas to form com!ound E.2.SULIT $hat is the concentration of acid used% 1.g8 . mol dm>3 7.123 0..4 mol dm>3 • • 3. <<.g82 4& $hich of the follo#ing !airs sho# the correct uses of the isoto!es% I II III I4 A B $ " SULIT <soto!e )obalt>47 )arbon>1.6 mol dm>3 7.<< and <<< onl <.olar volume2 2. <<< and <D 1L 4541/1 ?ses "o destro bacteria in food "o estimate the age of artifacts "o detect the location of tumour "o detect leaks in underground !etroleum !i!ing .g K 28 N N N N . +elative molecular mass of com!ound E is . )204 )304 42 .15 A B $ " )02 )20. <odine>131 Sodium>2.7 g of carbon reacts #ith 7.agnesium ribbon reacts #ith element 8 from grou! 1/ in 9eriodic "able. $hich of the follo#ing chemical e@uations is correct% A B $ " . < and << onl << and <D onl <.g K 8 .g82 2. dm3 mol>1 at room tem!erature5 A B $ " 41 7.g K 82 2.

<<< and <D 45 $hich of the follo#ing diagrams is used to electro!late an iron s!oon #ith silver% A <ron s!oon Silver stri! Silver chloride B SULIT 27 4541/1 . <<. S-2 causes environmental !ollution.SULIT 44 Sul!hur dioCide gas. S-2% I II III I4 A B $ " !0 of the soil increases Bakes and rivers become acidic Salts are leached out of the to! soil 'uildings and metal structures #ill corrode < and << onl < and <<< onl <<. $hich of the follo#ing environmental !ollutions is affected b sul!hur dioCide. <<< and <D onl <.

6 cm3 67 cm3 4* "he diagram sho#s the structural formula of com!ound E. SULIT 21 4541/1 .2 mol dm>3sul!huric acid solution re@uired to com!letel neutraliJe 67 cm3 of 7.SULIT <ron s!oon Silver stri! Silver nitrate $ <ron s!oon Silver stri! Silver chloride " <ron s!oon Silver stri! Silver nitrate 4) $hat is the volume of 7.2 mol dm>3 !otassium h droCide solution% A B $ " 26 cm3 37 cm3 .

D<<=% A B $ " )204 and )30: )206-0 and )304 )03)02)--0 and )03)0)0-0 )03)02)02)03 and )02)0)02)02)03 SULIT 22 4541/1 .SULIT )om!ound E $hich of the follo#ing is an isomer of E% A B $ " 48 $hich !air of the organic com!ounds belo# can be distinguished b using acidified !otassium manganate.

Dolume of oC gen Mcm3 2D << D SULIT 23 < 4541/1 "imeMs . K 2&a&-3 'a)l2 K 2K&-3 9b)l2 K 2K&-3 )aS-. N N N N 9bS-. K 2&a&-3 < and <<< onl <.&-3=2 'a.2 mol dm>3 h drogen !eroCide solution.&-3=2 )a.SULIT 4- $hich of the follo#ing reactions re!resent the !reci!itation reactions% I II III I4 A B $ " 9b.&-3=2 9b. <<< and <D onl 1. <<.&-3=2 K K K K &a2S-. )urve < is obtained from the decom!osition of 27 cm3 of 7. << and <<< onl <. 2K)l 2K)l &a2S-. <<< and <D 50 "he diagram sho#s the gra!h of volume of oC gen gas against time.

SULIT $hich of the follo#ing solutions #ill !roduce curve <<% A B $ " .7 cm3 7. mol dm>3 h drogen !eroCide solution drogen !eroCide solution drogen !eroCide solution drogen !eroCide solution EN" O# 5UESTION PAPER SULIT 2.7 cm3 7.1 mol dm>3 h 27 cm3 7.2 mol dm>3 h . 4541/1 ... mol dm>3 h 37 cm3 7.