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No: 07A4EC04

R07

SET-1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II B.TECH II SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY - 2010 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (COMMON TO ME, MEP, AME) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c) Define ‘Machine’ and ‘Mechanism’. How are these different from each other? Distinguish between structure and a machine. Explain completely, partially and incompletely constrained motion of a kinematic pair with examples. [4+4+8] Explain Scott Russell mechanism through a neat sketch. Show that it generates a straight-line motion. What are the limitations of Scott Russell mechanism? [12+4] A crank and rocker mechanism ABCD has the following dimensions: AB =0.75m, BC =1.25 m, CD =1 m, AD =1.5 m and CF = 500 mm. AD is the fixed link. F lies on BC produced. Crank AB has an angular velocity of 30 rad/s counter clock-wise and a deceleration of 200 rad/s2 at the instant angle DAB= 300. Find a) The instantaneous linear acceleration of C and F b) The instantaneous angular velocities and accelerations of links BC and CD. [16] What is a Hooke’s joint ? What are its applications? Determine the maximum permissible angle between the shaft axes of a universal joint if the driving shaft rotates at 600 rpm and the total fluctuation of speed does not exceed 60 rpm. Also find the maximum and minimum speeds of the driven shaft. In a double universal coupling joining two shafts, the intermediate shaft is inclined at 100 to each. The input and the output forks on the intermediate shaft have been assembled inadvertently at 900 to one another. Determine the maximum and the least velocities of the output shaft if the speed of the input shaft is 500rpm. Also find the coefficient of fluctuation in speed. [5+6+5] Discuss terminology used in cams. A flat faced reciprocating follower has the following motion with uniform acceleration and retardation. Ascent for 800, dwell for 800, and return for 1200. The base circle diameter of the cam is 60mm and the stroke of the follower is 20mm, the line of motion of the follower passes through the axis of the cam. Draw the cam profile. [16] Describe various types of gears used to connect intersecting shafts. The number of teeth on the gear and the pinion of two spur gears in mesh are 30 and 18 respectively. Both the gears have a module of 6mm and pressure angle of 200. If the pinion rotates at 400rpm, what will be the sliding velocity at the moment the tip of the tooth of pinion has contact with the gear flank? Take addendum equal to one module. Also, find the maximum velocity of sliding. [16]

2.a) b) 3.

4.a) b)

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5.a) b)

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ld m o . [16] 8.a) b) ******** w w w n j . the input S has 24 teeth. w tu r o c . P and C constitute a compound planet having 30 and 18 teeth respectively. Assume A to be fixed. If all the gears are of the same pitch. connected by a crossed-belt. find the speed ratio of the reduction gear.7. The distance between the centre lines of the shafts is 3m.a) b) Classify the belt drives. In a reduction gear shown in figure. Two parallel shafts. [16] Classify gear trains. Find by how much the length of the belt should be changed if it is desired to alter the direction of rotation of the driven shaft. are provided with pulleys 480mm and 640mm in diameters.

w tu r o c . ld m o 6. find the number of teeth of the gears. [10+6] Explain Watt mechanism and prove that it generates a straight-line motion. For a module of 1.a) b) Describe various types of gears used for connecting parallel shafts? The velocity ratio of two spur gears in mesh is 0.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. Why Watt mechanism is so commonly used to generate an approximate straight line motion? [12+4] What is Coriolis component of acceleration? How is it determined? Explain the procedure to determine the velocity and acceleration of a slider crank mechanism by Klein’s construction.TECH II SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY .25 kg/m length and coefficient of friction is 0. The angle between the axes of two shafts connected by a Hooke’s joint is 22.5 KW at a uniform speed of 300 rpm. What will be the maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during the lift and the return? [16] 2.2010 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (COMMON TO ME. The initial tension in the belt is 2. Taking centrifugal tension into account. when the smaller pulley rotates at 450rpm. The power supplied to the driving shaft is 7.25.5 kN. . If the output torque on the driven shaft is not to vary by more than 15 percent of the input torque.75m. The diameter of the bigger pulley is 1.a) b) What is a Kinematic pair? Explain different types of Kinematic pairs as classified by relative motion. The mass of the belt is 1.a) b) 3. [16] 7. The shafts are connected by Oldham coupling. MEP. The follower descends for the next 1000 rotation of the cam with uniform velocity. The distance between the axes of two parallel shafts is 1cm.4 and the centre distance 75mm. Draw the profile of a cam operating a knife-edge follower having a lift of 30mm. The cam raises the follower with SHM for 1500 of the rotation followed by a period of dwell for 600. What will be the pitch line velocity if the pinion speed is 800 rpm? Also find the speed of the gear wheel. [16] Two parallel shafts 5m apart are connected by open flat belt drive. what is the necessary moment of inertia of the fly wheel? [6+10] With the help of neat sketches explain the types of cams and followers.2mm. [6+10] What is a double Hooke’s joint? State the conditions to be satisfied in a double Hooke’s joint in order to provide a uniform velocity ratio through out a revolution.5 degrees. find the power transmitted.No: 07A4EC04 R07 SET-2 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II B. Find the maximum Kinetic energy of the intermediate piece of mass 5 kg when the shafts revolve at 300rpm.Code.a) b) 4. again followed by a dwell period.a) b) w w w n j . The cam rotates at a uniform velocity of 120rpm and has a least radius of 20mm.a) b) 5.5m and that of the smaller pulley 0. AME) Time: 3hours Max.

S1 is keyed to the driving shaft which is co-axial with the driven shaft. Find the velocity ratio of the gear. engaged with a compound planet wheel with 26 and 29 teeth. w tu r o c . ld m o . An epicyclic gear in figure consists of two sun wheels. If 7.5kW is transmitted at the input speed of 1000 rpm what torque is required to hold S2? [16] ******** w w w n j . S1 and S2 with 24 and 26 teeth respectively.8.

the links OA and QB are perpendicular to the link AB in the mean position. Distinguish between closed and unclosed type kinematic pairs. Lift = 20mm. Also find its values when the roller just touches the nose and is at the apex of the circular nose.Code. Also determine the maximum and minimum speeds of the driven shaft.TECH II SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY .a) b) c) w w w n j . [6+4+6] 4. [7+9] In a Watt mechanism of the type shown in figure. Angle of ascent = 600. 3.a) b) Derive the expression to determine the magnitude of the coriolis component of acceleration. find the point P on the link AB produced for approximate straight line motion of point p. w tu r o c .a) b) Draw a figure of a radial cam with reciprocating roller follower and represent the nomenclature of cam. Sketch the variation of displacement. Give examples for each type.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1. ld m o 5. If OA = 40mm. The driving shaft rotates at a uniform speed of 500rpm and the speed of the driven shaft must lie between 475 and 525 rpm. velocity and acceleration during ascent. [16] . Explain the procedure to determine the velocity and acceleration of a four-bar mechanism by Klein’s construction. What are the relative merits and demerits of the Ackermann type of steering gear over that of Davis type? Two shafts are to be connected by a Hooke’s joint.No: 07A4EC04 R07 SET-3 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II B. Speed = 360 rpm. [6+10] Derive the fundamental equation for correct steering. Calculate the acceleration of follower at the beginning of lift. The following particulars relate to a symmetrical tangent cam having a roller follower. QB = 80mm and AB = 55mm. Roller diameter = 44mm. successfully and incompletely constrained motions of kinematics pairs with examples. Minimum radius of the cam = 40mm.a) b) Define kinematic pair.2010 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (COMMON TO ME. AME) Time: 3hours Max. Explain completely. MEP. [16] 2. Determine the maximum permissible angle between the shafts.

6. Determine the speed of the arm a. ld m o . [16] Explain about reverted train. w tu ******** r o c .2 Maximum permissible tension in belt = 2N/mm2 Mass density of the belt material = 0. A pair of spur gears with involute teeth is to give a gear ratio of 3:1. ii) If A rotates at 100 rpm clockwise and B is stationary.a) b) w w w n j . What is the least number of teeth that can be used on each gear? [16] Determine the maximum power that can be transmitted through a flat belt having the following data: Cross section of the belt = 300mm x 12mm Ratio of belt tensions = 2. Classify different types of gears. The arc of approach is not to be less that the circular pitch and the pinion is the driver.a) b) 7. An epicyclic gear train is shown in figure. [16] 8. i) If A rotates at 100rpm clockwise and B at 50 rpm counter-clockwise. Define a gear.0011 g/mm3. The number of teeth on A and B are 80 and 200. The pressure angle is 200.

a) b) Explain what is meant by coriolis Acceleration? In the mechanism shown in figure the crank OA makes 200rpm in the counter clockwise direction. show that the point E will move in an approximate straight-line. [5+5+6] In Robots mechanism the ends of two links AB and CD are fixed as shown in figure. MEP. Also deduce the expression for the angular acceleration of the driven shaft.Code.2010 KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (COMMON TO ME. w tu r o c .TECH II SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY . [6+10] w w w n j . Deduce the condition for the equal speeds of two shafts connected by a Hooke’s joint from the expression for the ratio of their angular velocities. BC=300mm and OB= 220mm.No: 07A4EC04 R07 SET-4 JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD II B.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) c) What is a double Hooke’s joint? State the conditions to be satisfied in a double Hooke’s joint in order to provide a uniform velocity ratio throughout a revolution.return mechanism and crank and slotted-lever quick return mechanism are different from each other? Describe briefly the functions of elliptical trammel and scotch yoke.a) b) c) 2. [4+6+6] . What is Kutzback’s criterion for degree of freedom of plane mechanisms? In what way Grubler’s criterion is different from it? How are Whitworth-quick. Angular velocity of link BA and ii. Velocity of the slider at B. For The lengths of the links are such that AB = CD = BE = ED and BD = 2 small displacements of the cranks. 1 AC. AME) Time: 3hours Max. Find i. ld m o 4. OA=60mm. With a neat sketch explain the construction and working of a Davis steering gear. [16] 3.

The driving and the driven shafts rotate at 60 rpm and 150rpm respectively. w tu ******** r o c . rotating at 200 rpm. [16] Define the following terms related to helical gears: helix angle. [16] What is gear train? What are its main types? In a reduction gear shown in figure.a) b) What are various types of cams? Explain purpose of each type. Also determine the maximum pressure angle. the input gear S has 24 teeth. Pinion rotates at 150rpm. velocity and acceleration of the cam for one full cycle.5m and the diameter of the smaller pulley is 440mm. If all the gears are of the same pitch. Find the stress in the belt if the two pulleys are connected by: i) An open belt. P and C constitute a compound planet having 30 and 18 teeth respectively. ii) The number of pairs of teeth in contact. A translating roller follower of 1 cm radius is driven by an eccentric circle cam of radius 3. find the ratio of the reduction gear.5 mesh externally. [16] 6.23 module.a) b) 7. A 100mm wide and 10mm thick belt transmits 5kW between the shaft centres 1.5. Two 200 involute spur gears having a velocity ratio of 2.5 cm and eccentricity 1. circular path.2 cm. The coefficient of friction is 0. [16] Explain about types of materials used in belt drive.a) b) 8.a) b) w w w n j . Plot the displacement. Module is 4mm and the addendum is equal to 1. and ii) A cross belt. Assume A to be fixed. normal circular pitch. Find i) The minimum number of teeth on each wheel to avoid interference.22. ld m o .

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