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Code No: 07A4EC17

R07

Set No. 2

II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations,May 2010 II B.TECH II SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY - 2010 PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATIONS Common to Bio-Medical Engineering, Electronics And Computer Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. (a) Differentiate BPSK & QPSK (b) Define i. ii. iii. iv. Baud Rate Matched Filter Band width efficiency. SNR.

2. (a) Compare the advantages and disadvantages of DM and PCM.

(b) Describe the techniques used for parallel transmission and serial transmission. [8+8] 3. (a) What do you understand by error control coding? Explain the various methods briefly. (b) What are cyclic codes? Explain the algebraic structure of cyclic codes. [8+8] 4. Explain about the Asynchronous Multiplexing. 5. (a) Prove the following identities:

(b) Define terms redundancy, efficiency and channel capacity and prove that Redundancy = 1 - efficiency. [8+8] 6. A carrier wave of a frequency of 20 kHz is amplitude-modulated by a modulating signal f(t) = cos 2π 103 t + cos4π 103 t. find the expression for the corresponding SSB-SC signal. [16] 7. Find the spectrum of a 5V - pulsed carrier 2µs width at 100Hz pulse repetition rate? Carrier frequency is 1 Mhz. Draw the spectrum. [16] 8. A carrier voltage 10 cos 8π 106 t is angle modulated by a modulating signal 5 cos 30π.103 t. Determine the bandwidth for frequency modulation assuming kf = 15 kHz per volt. [16]

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i. I(x, y) = H(y) - H(y, x) bits/message. ii. I(x, y) = H(x) + H(y) - H (x, y) bits/message.

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[16] 5. if 0aas discrete memoryless source whose alphabet probability of transmitter a 1 is 1/16 while the probability of transmitting aK 1and receiving 0 is 1/32. How are they generated? 2 . Write explaining notes on: (a) BCH codes (b) Golay codes (c) R S codes (d) Trellie’s codes. the modulating signal is a single-tone sinusoid Em cosωm t which modulates a carrier signal Ec cosωc t. [16] 8. (b) a source delivers the binary digits 0 and 1 with equal probability into noisy (b) If What conditions have to be satisfied by K and the code length for the coding channel at a rate of 1000 digits at second. Owing to noise on the channel the efficiency toreceiving be 100 apercent.TECH IIII SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY .2010 B. w w w n j . 3. (b) Define noise. 2.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations. (a) Show that. Calculate the rate at which information is consists of equiprobable symbols? [8+8] receiving. Plot the spectrum of the modulated wave.May 2010 PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATIONS Common to Bio-Medical Engineering. w tu l r o c . 4 II B. explain the following: (a) Quantization error (b) companding (c) encoder (d) decoder. Electronics And Computer Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. that the total information in binary units that can be transmitted in a communication channel in time T is given by WT log2 PS 1+ P N Where W is the channel bandwidth PS is the signal power and PN is the noise power in the channel. Draw and explain the PPM modulator. Where is it most likely to affect the signal? 4. (a) Discus the advantages of DPSK and QPSK . d [4+4+4+4] m o [16] [4+4+4+4] [16] [8+8] [16] 6. 7. In an AM-SC system. (a) What are the types of communications? Explain. With reference to PCM system. Show that noise and signal powers at the output of an FM discriminator can be calculated independently.Code No: 07A4EC17 R07 Set No. using sampling.

Code No: 07A4EC17 R07 Set No. 4 [8+8] (b) Explain the principle of DPSK demodulator. ld m o 3 . w w w n j . w tu r o c .

[16] 5. (a) Find the Fourier transform of Gatting e signal. as applied to pulse modulation. [10+6] 3.5. (a) Explain what is meant by the ability to trade bandwidth for improved noise performance. Owing to noise on the channel the probability of receiving a transmitter 0 as a 1 is 1/16 while the probability of transmitting a 1 and receiving 0 is 1/32. ld m o Figure 3 7. Calculate the rate at which information is receiving. (b) A convolutional encoder has a rate r=1/2.May 2010 PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATIONS Common to Bio-Medical Engineering. Explain the single tone modulation technique in SSB-SC with spectrums. 2. and show that FM behaves as AM for mf <= 0.TECH IIII SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY . w tu r o c . constraint length K = 2. [8+8] w w w n j . Show that the probability of error in a QPSK system is greater than that for a BPSK system for transmitting the same amount of signal energy. (b) If A a source delivers the binary digits 0 and 1 with equal probability into noisy channel at a rate of 1000 digits at second. Find the encoder output produced by the message sequence 10111. 1 II B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations.2010 B. Give suitable example. [8+8] 6.Code No: 07A4EC17 R07 Set No. [16] (b) Discuss briefly the advantages and disadvantages of any three signaling formats. The code is systematic. Shown in figure 3 [8+8] 4. (b) Give the merits of Fourier Transform. [16] 4 . (a) Discuss various Quantization methods using digital transmission. Evaluate (S0 /N0 ) of FM and AM. Electronics And Computer Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) Describe about Convolutional Codes with an example.

w tu r o c . w w w n j .Code No: 07A4EC17 R07 Set No. 1 [16] 8. Explain how PPM signals are generated from PAM signals. ld m o 5 .

Code No: 07A4EC17 R07 Set No. Electronics And Computer Engineering Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. Determine the minimum transmission bandwidth.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations. iii.TECH IIII SEM–REGULAR/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS MAY . (c) Distinguish between baseband and carrier modulation. (a) Determine the output of a DPSK transmitter for the data input 1011011100. What is meant by pre-emphasis and de-emphasis in FM? And give the importance and application of these methods. and calculate the efficiency of the code. ii. What are they? [8+8] 5.May 2010 PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATIONS Common to Bio-Medical Engineering. 3 II B. and compare the and results [7+9] 7.3) linear block code. Determine the minimum value of the step size σ to avoid slope over load error. For a (6. [16]   1 0 0 1 0 1 8. Assuming that the voice signal is sinusoidal.The maximum signal amplitude is Amax=1 i. (b) Draw the phasor diagram and constellation diagram of a 4PSK signal. ld m o [16] 6. the generator matrix is G =  0 1 0 0 1 1  0 0 1 1 1 0 For all the possible data words. (a) If a DMS X has five equally likely symbols.5 KHz. (a) Explain the functionality of block diagram of electrical communication system. Discuss the cross talks due HF cut-off and LF cut-off of the channel. Construct a Shannon-Fano code for X. (b) Construct ConstructHuffman another code Shannon-Fano code compare the results. [16] 6 .2010 B. the voice signal is sampled at a rate of 64KHz. [16] 2. determine output signal power and SNR iv. Explain about the modulation and its necessity in communications? 3. Determine the granular noise power if the voice signals bandwidth is 3. (a) Compare delta modulation and adaptive delta modulation systems (b) In a single-integration DM system. [6+6+4] 4. [8+8] w w w n j . find the corresponding code words. (b) The carrier performs certain functions in radio communications. w tu r o c .