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Physics for Scientists and Engineers (Vol. 1), 8th Edition, Serway/JewettPhysics for Scientists and Engineers (Vol. 1), 8th Edition, Serway/JewettPhysics for Scientists and Engineers (Vol. 1), 8th Edition, Serway/JewettPhysics for Scientists and Engineers (Vol. 1), 8th Edition, Serway/Jewett

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3 1

READIG QUIZ

1. Which one of the following is a scalar quantity?

A) Force B) Position C) Mass D) Velocity

2. For vector addition you have to use ______ law.

A) Newton’s Second

B) the arithmetic

C) Pascal’s

D) the parallelogram

SCALARS AD VECTORS (Section 2.1)

Scalars Vectors

Examples: mass, volume force, velocity

Characteristics: It has a magnitude It has a magnitude

(positive or negative) and direction

Addition rule: Simple arithmetic Parallelogram law

Special Notation: None Bold font, a line, an

arrow or a “carrot”

In the PowerPoint presentation vector quantity is represented

Like this (in bold, italics, and yellow).

VECTOR OPERATIOS

(Section 2.2)

Scalar Multiplication

and Division

VECTOR ADDITIO USIG EITHER THE

PARALLELOGRAM LAW OR TRIAGLE

Parallelogram Law:

Triangle method

(always ‘tip to tail’):

How do you subtract a vector?

How can you add more than two concurrent vectors graphically ?

TOOLS FOR COMPUTATIO:

THE SIE LAW AD THE COSIE LAW

“Resolution” of a vector is breaking up a vector into

components. It is kind of like using the parallelogram law in

reverse.

RESOLUTIO OF A VECTOR

ENGR& 214 Lecture Notes for Hibbeler Sections 2.1-2.3 2

COCEPT QUIZ

1. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along two directions, which

are not at 90° to each other?

A) Yes, but not uniquely.

B) No.

C) Yes, uniquely.

2. Can you resolve a 2-D vector along three directions (say

at 0, 60, and 120°)?

A) Yes, but not uniquely.

B) No.

C) Yes, uniquely.

EXAMPLE 1

Find the magnitude

of the resultant

force and its

direction measured

counterclockwise

from the positive x

axis.

Plan:

a) Sketch the system and show vector addition using the parallelogram law.

b) Sketch a triangle showing head-to-tail addition.

c) Apply trig to find the missing information.

d) Apply the results to the original diagram to solve the problem.

e) Perform a check calculation.

EXAMPLE 2

Resolve the force

F

2

into components

acting along the u

and v axes.

Plan:

a) Sketch the system and show the components using the parallelogram law.

b) Sketch a triangle showing head-to-tail addition.

c) Apply trig to find the missing information.

d) Apply the results to the original diagram to solve the problem.

e) Perform a check calculation.

EXERCISE 1

Determine the

magnitude of the

resultant force

F

R

= F

1

+ F

2

and its

direction, measured

clockwise from the

positive u axis.

Plan:

a) Sketch the system and show vector addition using the parallelogram law.

b) Sketch a triangle showing head-to-tail addition.

c) Apply trig to find the missing information.

d) Apply the results to the original diagram to solve the problem.

e) Perform a check calculation.

EXERCISE 2

2-15: Resolve the force

F

1

into components

acting along the u

and v axes.

2-16: Resolve the force

F

2

into components

acting along the u

and v axes.

Plan:

a) Sketch the system and show the components using the parallelogram law.

b) Sketch a triangle showing head-to-tail addition.

c) Apply trig to find the missing information.

d) Apply the results to the original diagram to solve the problem.

e) Perform a check calculation.

ASWERS

Example 1:

F

R

= 72.1 lb, θ = 73.9° (measured CCW from +x axis)

Example 2:

F

2u

= 86.6 lb, F

2v

= -50.0 lb

Exercise 1:

F

R

= 605 N, θ = 85.4° (measured CW from +u axis)

Exercise 2:

F

1u

= 183 N, F

1v

= 129 N,

F

2u

= 150 N, F

2v

= 77.6 N

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