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Code: 9ABS303

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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
(Common to EEE, EIE, E.Con.E, ECE, ECC & CSS)

B.Tech II Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****
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Max Marks: 70

What are the different activities that can be taken up to increase public awareness of environmental issues? Explain how they can help in better environmental management. Describe the various impacts of construction of large dams on man and environment. Give the possible practical solutions too. Explain the environmental impact of extracting and using mineral resources. Write briefly about the following types of ecosystems. Bring out the unique characteristics, threats and also the action needed to overcome threats: Marine ecosystem. Desert ecosystem. Grasslands. What are the major hotspots of biodiversity in our country? Why is it important to preserve these areas and how do they contribute to the environment in different ways? What are the major causes of Nuclear hazards and accidents? Discuss the ways to minimize radiation exposure in case of a nuclear accident. List the major pollution control Acts in India. Discuss the role and activities of central pollution control board (CPCB). Through population growth shows a global decline, there is still cause for worry. Explain why. What are the reasons for differences in the rate of population growth in various countries? Describe your recent visit to any cosmopolitan city and its impact on environment and discuss the various measures to control the pollution levels.

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Code: 9ABS303

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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
(Common to EEE, EIE, E.Con.E, ECE, ECC & CSS)

B.Tech II Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****
1

Max Marks: 70

Explain the different areas of environmental conservation to which people belonging to different disciplines can contribute. Discuss the importance of renewable resources in the view of depleting natural resources. Discuss the environmental impacts of irrigation and hydel power plants. Write about the different types of forests in India and describe the main types of trees in them. What are the activities in which disturb the forest ecosystem and what is the outcome of forest degradation? Discuss any two: Productive value of nature. Aesthetic value of nature. Optional value of nature. Discus the various methods for e-waste management. Discuss the hazards of biochemical wastes and explain the necessity to manage these wastes. Discuss the concept of sustainable development. What are the major obstacles in the path of sustainable development in India? What are the reasons for differences in the rate of population growth in various countries? Discuss the role of information technology in environment and human health. Describe how you would methodically record the elements and resources in an ecosystem and assess its functioning. Based on your filed visits, summarize your observations and findings of the water resource ecosystem in your region. *****

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Code: 9ABS303

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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
(Common to EEE, EIE, E.Con.E, ECE, ECC & CSS)

B.Tech II Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****
1

Max Marks: 70

Write a detailed note on the various institutions and organizations in the field of environment education and training, their activities and focal areas. Compare and contrast between renewable and Non-renewable resources. Explain the environmental impact of extracting and using mineral resources. Describe a pond ecosystem with reference to structure and functions of ecosystems. Explain the terms- food chain, food web and energy pyramids, with examples and figures. Also explain their significance in an ecosystem. How do you explain biodiversity at global, national, and local levels? Discuss about various Ex-Situ conservation measures of biodiversity. Define air pollution and classify major sources of air pollution. List the major physiological effects of air pollution on plants and human beings. Discuss the problems associated with resettlement and rehabilitation of people. Discuss the ozone depleting substances. Explain the measures to be taken to reduce their release. Discuss population explosion in Indian context. What should be the objectives of a sound population policy? Explain the aspects to be studied and the procedure for collecting information when you want to document the environmental features and resource assets of a water resource ecosystem during a filed visit. Describe in the format given above, the features of any such ecosystem you have studied during filed visit. *****

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Code: 9ABS303

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ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
(Common to EEE, EIE, E.Con.E, ECE, ECC & CSS)

B.Tech II Year I Semester (R09) Regular & Supplementary Examinations December/January 2013/14

Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks *****
1

Max Marks: 70

What is an environment? Enumerate and discuss the various segments of environment in brief. Discuss the scope of environmental studies with respect to the following statements: Our dependence on nature is so great that we cannot continue to live without protecting the earths environmental resources. Industrial development and intensive agriculture use up large amounts of natural resources. What are the different tropic levels of organisms in an ecosystem? Why is a complex ecosystem more stable than one with few species? What do you understand by endemic and endangered species? How are they categorized? Give examples. Explain about Ex-Situ conservation of biodiversity in detail. Discuss in detail the sources, effects and methods of control of noise pollution. Describe the various impacts of construction of large dams on man and environment. Give the possible practical solutions too. Discuss the various merits and demerits of urbanization. What are the effects of acid rain? Discuss the suitable preventive measures. Explain the trends with regard to the populous countries in the world and their environmental implications. Discuss the role of family welfare programs in the control of population explosion. Assuming youve visited any agency area with mountains, forests and streams or lakes to study an Eco-Tourism project as a part of your filed work, give a detailed report on your visit to the DFO.

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