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3

YEAR 2013
MCQ 3.1

CONTROL SYSTEMS

ONE MARK

The Bode plot of a transfer function G ^s h is shown in the figure below.

in 1 rad/s and 10 rad/s respectiveThe gain _20 log G ^s h i is 32 dB and − 8 dB .at o c . ^s h is ly. The phase is negative for all ω . Then iaG d .no (B) . (A) . w s s w
MCQ 3.2

s Assuming zero initial condition, the response y ^ t h of the system given below to a unit step input u ^ t h is

(C)

s

O N
w

A I D
(D) (B) tu ^ t h (D) e−t u ^ t h

(A) u ^ t h 2 (C) t u ^ t h 2
YEAR 2013
MCQ 3.3

TWO MARKS

Y ^s h The signal flow graph for a system is given below. The transfer function U ^s h for this system is

GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

Page 252

MCQ 3.4

ω ^s h The open-loop transfer function of a dc motor is given as . = + s Va ^s h When connected in feedback as shown below, the approximate value of Ka that will reduce the time constant of the closed loop system by one hundred times as compared to that of the open-loop system is

s+1 5s2 + 6s + 2 s+ (C) s + s+ (A)

s+ s + s+ (D) 2 1 5s + 6s + 2 (B)

(A) 1 (C) 10

d Common Data Questions: 5 & 6 no w.

The state variable formulation ww of a system is given as o 0 x 1 − x1 x1 1 > H=> H> H + > H u , x1 ^0 h = 0 , x ^0 h = 0 and y = 61 0@> H o 0 −1 x 1 x x
MCQ 3.5

O N

A I D
(B) 5 (D) 100

co ia.

.in

The response y ^ t h to the unit step input is (B) 1 − 1 e−2t − 1 e−t (A) 1 − 1 e−2t 2 2 2 2 (C) e− t − e−t (D) 1 − e−t

MCQ 3.6

The system is (A) controllable but not observable (B) not controllable but observable (C) both controllable and observable (D) both not controllable and not observable
YEAR 2012 TWO MARKS

MCQ 3.7

The state variable description of an LTI system is given by Jx o1N J 0 a1 0NJx1N J0N K O K OK O K O o O = K 0 0 a2OKx2O + K0O u Kx Kx o O Ka 3 0 0OKx 3O K 1O L P L PL P L P Jx1N K O y = _1 0 0iKx2O Kx 3O GATE MCQ Electrical L P Engineering (Vol-1, 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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Page 253

where y is the output and u is the input. The system is controllable for (A) a ! a = a ! (B) a = a ! a ! (C) a = a ! a = (D) a ! a ! a =
MCQ 3.8

The feedback system shown below oscillates at 2 rad/s when

(A) K = (C) K =

and a = . and a = .

(B) K = (D) K =

and a = . and a = .

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 9 and 10 :
The transfer function of a compensator is given as Gc (s) = s + a s+b Gc (s) is a lead compensator if (A) a = b = (B) a = b = (C) a =− b =− (D) a = b = The phase of the above lead compensator is maximum at (A) 2 rad/s (B).in 3 rad/s (C) 6 rad/s

MCQ 3.9

MCQ 3.10

YEAR 2011
MCQ 3.11

The frequency response of a linear system G (jω) is provided in the tubular form below G (jω) 1.3 1.2 − 140c 1.0 − 150c 0.8 − 160c 0.5 − 180c 0.3 − 200c +G (jω) − 130c (A) 6 dB and 30c (C) − 6 dB and 30c

O N
ww w

.no

A I D
co . a (D) 1/ i d

3 rad/s
ONE MARK

(B) 6 dB and − 30c (D) − 6 dB and − 30c

MCQ 3.12

The steady state error of a unity feedback linear system for a unit step input is 0.1. The steady state error of the same system, for a pulse input r (t) having a magnitude of 10 and a duration of one second, as shown in the figure is

(A) 0 (C) 1

(B) 0.1 (D) 10

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13 Page 254 An open loop system represented by the transfer function (s − 1) is G s = (s + 2) (s + 3) (A) Stable and of the minimum phase type (B) Stable and of the non–minimum phase type (C) Unstable and of the minimum phase type (D) Unstable and of non–minimum phase type YEAR 2011 TWO MARKS MCQ 3. at can be inferred that when K tends to positive infinity. .nodia.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia MCQ 3.in and get maximum available discount .15 A two loop position control system is shown below The gain K of the Tacho-generator influences mainly the (A) Peak overshoot (B) Natural frequency of oscillation (C) Phase shift of the closed loop transfer function at very low frequencies (ω " 0) (D) Phase shift of the closed loop transfer function at very high frequencies (ω " 3) YEAR 2010 MCQ 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.14 The open loop transfer function G (s) of a unity feedback control system is given as G (s) = K bs + l s (s + ) From the root locus. (A) Three roots with nearly equal real parts exist on the left half of the s -plane (B) One real root is found on the right half of the s -plane (C) The root loci cross the jω axis for a finite value of K K ! (D) Three real roots are found on the right half of the s -plane MCQ 3.16 O N ww no w. A I D d co ia.in TWO MARKS s (s + ) (s + ) complex G (jω) plane (for 0 < ω < 3) is The frequency response of G (s) = plotted in the GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.co.

Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. iathe range − 1 < Re [s] < 0 d (B) It cannot have a breakaway point in o .facebook.i c .18 The characteristic equation of a closed-loop system is s (s + ) (s + ) k (s + ) = k > .GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 255 MCQ 3. ε2 and ε3 . O N A I D H B = > H is (B) Stable but uncontrollable (D) Unstable and uncontrollable YEAR 2009 MCQ 3.n along the asymptotes Re [s] =− 1 w (C) Two of its roots tend to infinity ww (D) It may have complex roots in the right half plane.17 o = AX + Bu with A = >− The system X (A) Stable and controllable (C) Unstable but controllable MCQ 3.ε3 MCQ 3.19 ONE MARK The measurement system shown in the figure uses three sub-systems in cascade whose gains are specified as G G G . The relative small errors associated with each respective subsystem G G and G are ε1.20 (B) ε1 ε2 ε3 (D) ε1 + ε2 + ε3 The polar plot of an open loop stable system is shown below. The error associated with the output is : (A) ε1 + ε2 + 1 ε3 (C) ε1 + ε2 .Which of the following statements is true ? n (A) Its root are always real o. The closed loop system is For more GATE Resources.com/gateec2014 .

in and get maximum available discount .nodia. Its transfer function is . 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. The value of K is GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.c MCQ 3. s s This means there are (A) Two roots at s = ! j and one root in right half s -plane (B) Two roots at s = ! j and one root in left half s -plane (C) Two roots at s = ! j and one root in right half s -plane (D) Two roots at s = ! j and one root in left half s -plane The asymptotic approximation of the log-magnitude v/s frequency plot of a in .23 The unit-step response of a unity feed back system with open loop transfer function G (s) = K/ ((s + ) (s + )) is shown in the figure. o system containing only real poles and zeros is shown.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 256 (A) always stable (B) marginally stable (C) un-stable with one pole on the RH s -plane (D) un-stable with two poles on the RH s -plane MCQ 3.no A I D ia (B) (A) (C) (s + ) s (s + ) (s + (s + ) s (s + ) (s + ) (s + ) s (s + ) (s + ) (s + ) (D) s (s + ) (s + ) TWO MARKS YEAR 2009 MCQ 3.21 The first two rows of Routh’s tabulation of a third order equation are as follows.22 O N ww w ) d .co.

3t e . Assuming zero initial condition. and denoting the unit step function by u (t).3t .t u (t) TWO MARK MCQ 3.33 dB (D) 23.2t G .24 (B) 2 (D) 6 The open loop transfer function of a unity feed back system is given by G (s) = (e 0. The gain margin of the is system is (A) 11.28 The transfer function of a linear time invariant system is given as For more GATE Resources.2t − e .3t (B) = (A) = .2t + e . s) s .3t (C) = G 0 e .27 A function y (t) satisfies the following differential equation : dy (t) + y (t) = δ (t) dt where δ (t) is the delta function.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 257 (A) 0.com/gateec2014 .2t ONE MARK MCQ 3.2t YEAR 2008 O N A I D .t (A) et (C) et u (t) YEAR 2008 (D) e .facebook.in MCQ 3.9 dB Common Data for Question 25 and 26 : A system is described by the following state and output equations dx1 (t) =− 3x1 (t) + x2 (t) + 2u (t) dt dx2 (t) =− 2x2 (t) + u (t) dt y (t) = x1 (t) when u (t) is the input and y (t) is the output . Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.95 dB (B) 17.n (A) 2 s + 2 (B) 2 s + 3 w w s + 5s − 6 s + 5s + 6 w (C) 2 2s + 5 (D) 2 2s − 5 s + 5s + 6 s + 5s − 6 The state-transition matrix of the above system is e .2t − e .25 MCQ 3.26 The system transfer function is dia o .2t e .3t (D) = G 0 e .co e 3t e . y (t) can be of the form (B) e .67 dB (C) 21.2t G e +e e 0 e .5 (C) 4 MCQ 3.3t 0 e .3t e .

5 (C) 1 (D) 2 MCQ 3.nodia.in and get maximum available discount . 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.29 G s = The transfer functions of two compensators are given below : 10 (s + 1) C1 = C2 = s + 10 (s + 10) 10 (s + 1) Which one of the following statements is correct ? (A) C1 is lead compensator and C2 is a lag compensator (B) C1 is a lag compensator and C2 is a lead compensator (C) Both C1 and C2 are lead compensator (D) Both C1 and C2 are lag compensator The asymptotic Bode magnitude plot of a minimum phase transfer function is shown in the figure : MCQ 3. . A I D d co ia.31 O N ww no w.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 258 s + s+ The steady state value of the output of the system for a unit impulse input applied at time instant t = will be (A) 0 (B) 0.30 This transfer function has (A) Three poles and one zero (C) Two poles and two zero MCQ 3.in (B) Two poles and one zero (D) One pole and two zeros Figure shows a feedback system where K > 0 The range of K for which the system is stable will be given by (A) 0 < K < 30 (B) 0 < K < 39 (C) 0 < K < 390 (D) K > 0 MCQ 3.32 The transfer function of a system is given as 100 s2 + 20s + 100 The system is (A) An over damped system (B) An under damped system (C) A critically damped system (D) An unstable system Statement for Linked Answer Question 27 and 28. GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.co.

d co ia. C = − G The transfer function G(s) of this system will be s (A) (B) s + (s + 2) s (s − ) A == s (D) (s − 2) s (s + ) A unity feedback is provided to the above system G (s) to make it a closed loop system as shown in figure.in ONE MARK (A) Stable (B) Unstable (C) Conditionally stable (D) Stable for input u1 .com/gateec2014 .37 For more GATE Resources. To achieve this. one may use (A) a lag compensator that provides an attenuation of 20 dB and a phase lag of 45c at the frequency of 3 3 rad/s (B) a lead compensator that provides an amplification of 20 dB and a phase MCQ 3.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 259 o = AX + Bu Y = CX The state space equation of a system is described by X where X is state vector.34 For a unit step input r (t). the Nyquist plot for G (s) = 1 s (s + 1) (s + 2) is (A) x = 0 (B) x =− (C) x = y − 1 (D) x = y The system 900/s (s + 1) (s + 9) is to be such that its gain-crossover frequency becomes same as its uncompensated phase crossover frequency and provides a 45c phase margin. u is input.36 D O ww no w. and y = Im G (jw) then for ω " 0+ . but unstable for input u2 TWO MARKS If x = e G (jw) .33 MCQ 3.facebook. B = = G. the steady state error in the input will be (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) 3 YEAR 2007 MCQ 3. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.35 The system shown in the figure is N YEAR 2007 MCQ 3. IA . Y is output and . (C) MCQ 3.

39 The system shown in figure below can be reduced to the form O N ww no w. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 260 lead of 45c at the frequency of 3 rad/s (C) a lag-lead compensator that provides an amplification of 20 dB and a phase lag of 45c at the frequency of 3 rad/s (D) a lag-lead compensator that provides an attenuation of 20 dB and phase lead of 45c at the frequency of 3 rad/s MCQ 3. A I D d co ia. The system is stable and has following parameters Kp = 4 Ki = 0 w = 00 and ξ = 0.The steady state value of Z is (A) 1 (C) 0.25 (D) 0 GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.38 If the loop gain K of a negative feed back system having a loop transfer function K (s + 3) / (s + ) 2 is to be adjusted to induce a sustained oscillation then (A) The frequency of this oscillation must be 4 3 rad/s (B) The frequency of this oscillation must be 4 rad/s (C) The frequency of this oscillation must be 4 or 4 3 rad/s (D) Such a K does not exist MCQ 3.in and get maximum available discount .nodia.7 .co.in with (A) X = c0 s + c Y = / (s2 + a0 s + a ) Z = b0 s + b (B) X = Y = (c0 s + c ) / (s2 + a0 s + a ) Z = b0 s + b (C) X = c s + c0 Y = (b s + b0) / (s2 + a s + a0) Z = (D) X = c s + c0 Y = / (s2 + a s + a) Z = b s + b0 MCQ 3.40 Consider the feedback system shown below which is subjected to a unit step input.1 (B) 0. .

41 and Q.facebook.42 are given below.co a i For a system with the transfer function d no 3 (s − 2) . Which of these plots represent a stable closed loop system ? For more GATE Resources.41 For a step-input ei .42 MCQ 3.in ONE MARK TWO MARKS Consider the following Nyquist plots of loop transfer functions over ω = 0 to ω = 3 . Solve the problems and choose the correct answers.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 261 Data for Q.43 o = AX + Bu is equal to the matrix A in the state space form X V V R R S1 0 0 W S0 1 0 W (A) S 0 1 0 W (B) S 0 0 1 W W S S W S− 1 2 − 4 W S− 1 2 − 4 W X X T T V V R R 0 1 0 1 0 0 W W S S (C) S3 − 2 1 W (D) S 0 0 1 W S S W W S1 − 2 4 W S− 1 2 − 4 W X X T T YEAR 2006 MCQ 3. then it would be best have the ei as a (A) Step function (B) Square wave of 50 Hz (C) Square wave of 300 Hz (D) Square wave of 2. the overshoot in the output e will be (A) 0.44 .com/gateec2014 . R-L-C circuit shown in figure MCQ 3. w .0 KHz YEAR 2006 MCQ 3. since the system is not under damped (B) 5 % (C) 16 % (D) 48 % If the above step response is to be observed on a non-storage CRO. H (s) = 2 4s − 2s + 1 ww O N A I D . Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.

46 no w.nodia.in and get maximum available discount .GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 262 (A) (1) only (C) all. except (3) MCQ 3. A I D d co ia.in A closed-loop system has the characteristic function (s2 − 4) (s + 1) + K (s − 1) = 0 . . Its root locus plot against K is GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.45 (B) all. except (1) (D) (1) and (2) only 1 (1 + jω) is (1 + jω) (1 + jω) 2 The Bode magnitude plot H (jω) = O N ww MCQ 3.co.

GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 263 YEAR 2005 MCQ 3.5 rad/sec (B) 1 rad/sec (C) 2 rad/sec (D) 4 rad/sec Figure shows the root locus plot (location of poles not given) of a third order system whose open loop transfer function is O N A I D d co ia.48 (A) K s MCQ 3.49 K s2 (s + 1) K K (C) (D) s (s2 + 1) s (s2 − 1) The gain margin of a unity feed back control system with the open loop transfer (B) For more GATE Resources. w s2 + 4 ww T s = (s + 1) (s + 4) The system output is zero at the frequency (A) 0.com/gateec2014 .facebook.47 A system with zero initial conditions .in ONE MARK MCQ 3. .nohas the closed loop transfer function. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.

j0) (B) (− 0. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. the closed loop control system shown in the figure will have a steady state error of (A) − 1.in− 0.52 In the G (s) H (s)-plane.5 -0.5 o c .25.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 264 function G s = (A) 0 (C) 2 s+ s is (B) 1 2 (D) 3 TWO MARKS YEAR 2005 MCQ 3.51 When subject to a unit step input. G (s) H (s) = (1 + s) becomes stable when (A) K > (C) K < (B) K > (D) K < − MCQ 3.0 (C) 0 MCQ 3. o (t) = = A state variable system X condition X (0) = − 1.50 A unity feedback system.54 0 1 1 X (t) + = Gu (t) with the initial G 0 −3 0 and the unit step input u (t) has The state transition matrix GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.in and get maximum available discount .366 (C) 1.366 (B) 0.732 (D) 2.25s O N no w.5 MCQ 3. having an open loop gain K (1 − s) . A I D d (B) .co. then value of the gain K is (A) 0. Solve the problem and choose the correct answer.53 If the compensated system shown in the figure has a phase margin of 60c at the crossover frequency of 1 rad/sec.55 are given below.nodia. the Nyquist plot of the loop transfer function w w pe G (s) H (s) = s passes through the negative real axis at the point (A) (− 0. j0) (C) 0 (D) 0.5. 3 T MCQ 3. ia (D) 0.54 and Q.738 Data for Q.

j 0) in the G (s) H (s)plane.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 265 1 (A) = 0 1 (C) > 0 MCQ 3. s − s + s + = -plane will be (A) Zero (C) Two the number of roots in the left half of s (B) One (D) Three C (s) is equal to R (s) MCQ 3. F (s) = MCQ 3.co a i d (D) 0 (B) Kt s (D) Kt TWO MARKS MCQ 3.com/gateec2014 .57 s (s + s + ) where F (s) is the Laplace transform of the of the function f (t).i2 (C) MCQ 3.facebook.58 5 3 For a tachometer. will be Q (s) (A) Kt s (C) Kt s YEAR 2004 O N .60 For the block diagram shown. The phase margin of the system is (A) 0c (B) 45c (C) 90c (D) 180c Consider the function. then the transfer funcE (s) tion. ww A I D no .55 1 3 (1 − e− 3t) G e− 3t (e3 − t − e− 3t) H e− 3t 1 (B) > 0 1 (D) > 0 1 3 (e− t − e− 3t) H e− t 1 3 (1 − e− t) H e− t −e t G e t The state transition equation t−e t (A) X (t) = = t G e t−e t (C) X (t) = = G e t YEAR 2004 (B) X (t) = = t−e t (D) X (t) = = G et ONE MARK MCQ 3.59 For the equation. The initial value of f (t) is equal to 5 n (A) 5 (B). the transfer function (A) s + s (B) s + s + s For more GATE Resources. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.56 The Nyquist plot of loop transfer function G (s) H (s) of a closed loop control system passes through the point (− 1. e (t) is the output voltage and Kt is the tachometer constant in V/rad/sec. if θ (t) is the w rotor displacement in radians.

3 MCQ 3.61 s +s+ o = AX where The state variable description of a linear autonomous system is. the In the system shown in figure.in and get maximum available discount .66 A control system is defined by the following mathematical relationship d2 x + dx + 5x = 12 (1 − e .64 dia o .2 (A) 1 sin (t − 45c) 2 1 sin (t + 45c) 2 (C) sin (t − 45c) MCQ 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. are respectively equal to (A) 20 and 0. X X is the two dimensional state vector and A is the system matrix given by A == (D) G. G (s) = as + s2 The value of ‘a ’ to give a phase margin of 45c is equal to (A) 0.5 (D) 1.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 266 (C) s + s + s MCQ 3.co.co MCQ 3.2 (D) 25 and 0.in (C) 0.63 The unit impulse response of a second order under-damped system starting from rest is given by c (t) = 2.441 (C) 0. The values of K and P such that the system has a damping ratio of 0.3 (C) 25 and 0.841 (D) 1. The steady-state value of the unit step response of the system is equal to (A) 0 (B) 0.0 .62 The block diagram of a closed loop control system is given by figure.141 (B) 0.t sin t.w the response y (t) will be ww O N A I D (B) (B) 20 and 0.n input x (t) = sin t .25 .7 and an undamped natural frequency ωn of 5 rad/sec.nodia. t $ 0 . In the steady-state.2t) dt dt2 The response of the system as t " 3 is (A) x = (B) x = 2 (C) x = 2.4 (D) x =− 2 GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. The roots of the characteristic equation are (B) − j and + j (D) + 2 and + 2 (A) − 2 and + 2 (C) − 2 and − 2 MCQ 3.141 YEAR 2003 ONE MARK MCQ 3.65 (D) sin (t + 45c) The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is given as 1.5e .

GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia
MCQ 3.67

Page 267

A lead compensator used for a closed loop controller has the following transfer function s K (1 + a ) s (1 + b ) For such a lead compensator (A) a < b (B) b < a (C) a > Kb (D) a < Kb 2 A second order system starts with an initial condition of = G without any exter3 e- t nal input. The state transition matrix for the system is given by = G. The e-t state of the system at the end of 1 second is given by 0.271 0.135 (A) = (B) = G 1.100 0.368G 0.271 (C) = 0.736G
YEAR 2003

MCQ 3.68

0.135 (D) = 1.100 G
TWO MARKS

MCQ 3.69

A control system with certain excitation is governed by the following mathematical equation d x + 1 dx + 1 x = 10 + 5e− 4t + 2e− 5t dt 1 dt The natural time constant of the response of ithe n system are . o (A) 2 sec and 5 sec (B) c 3 sec and 6 sec ia. d (C) 4 sec and 5 sec .no (D) 1/3 sec and 1/6 sec

MCQ 3.70

w w w The block diagram shown in figure gives a unity feedback closed loop control
system. The steady state error in the response of the above system to unit step input is

O N

A I D
(B) 0.75 % (D) 33%

(A) 25% (C) 6%
MCQ 3.71

The roots of the closed loop characteristic equation of the system shown above (Q-5.55)

(A) − 1 and − 15 (C) − 4 and − 15
MCQ 3.72

(B) 6 and 10 (D)− 6 and − 10

The following equation defines a separately excited dc motor in the form of a differential equation

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Page 268

d ω + B dω + K ω = K V dt J dt LJ LJ a The above equation may be organized in the state-space form as follows R V Sd ω W dω S dt W = P dt + QV > H a S dω W ω S dt W X matrix is given by Where T the P K − B − LJ − K −B J (B) = LJ (A) = J G G
2 2

0 (C) =−
MCQ 3.73

2

1 − G

1 (D) =−

0 − G
2

The loop gain GH of a closed loop system is given by the following expression K s (s + ) (s + ) The value of K for which the system just becomes unstable is (A) K = (B) K = (C) K = (D) K = The asymptotic Bode plot of the transfer function K + (s a) is given in figure. The error in phase angle and dB gain at a frequency of ω = 0.5 are respectively

MCQ 3.74

O N
ww
(A) 4.9c, 0.97 dB (C) 4.9c, 3 dB
MCQ 3.75

no w.

A I D
d co ia. .in

(B) 5.7c, 3 dB (D) 5.7c, 0.97 dB

The block diagram of a control system is shown in figure. The transfer function G (s) = Y (s) U (s) of the system is

(A)

1 18`1 + 1+ j 12 j` 3

(B)

1 27`1 + j`1 + j 6 9

GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1, 2 & 3)
by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

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GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia

Page 269

(C)

1 s 27`1 + j`1 + s j 12 9

(D)

1 s 27`1 + j`1 + s j 9 3
ONE MARK

YEAR 2002
MCQ 3.76

o = AX with initial state X ( ) is The state transition matrix for the system X (A) (sI − A) - 1 (B) eAt X ( ) (C) Laplace inverse of [(sI − A) - 1] (D) Laplace inverse of [(sI − A) - 1 X (0)]
YEAR 2002 TWO MARKS

MCQ 3.77

o == For the system X

GX + = Gu , which of the following statements is true ?

(A) The system is controllable but unstable (B) The system is uncontrollable and unstable (C) The system is controllable and stable (D) The system is uncontrollable and stable
MCQ 3.78

A unity feedback system has an open loop transfer function, G (s) = K The s root locus plot is

O N
ww

no w.

A I D
d co ia. .in

MCQ 3.79

MCQ 3.80

The transfer function of the system described by d y dy + = du + u dt dt dt with u as input and y as output is (s + 2) (s + 1) (A) 2 (B) 2 (s + s) (s + s) (C) 2 2 (D) 22s (s + s) (s + s) For the system o == X

GX + = Gu ; Y = 8

B X,

with u as unit impulse and with zero initial state, the output y , becomes (A) 2e2t (B) 4e2t (C) 2e 4t (D) 4e 4t

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0 *A single input single output system with y as output and u as input.056.056. (B) > o H = > H> H + > H u (t) (A) > o H = > − tH> H + > H u (t) w 0 1 x 0 0 x x 0 e x ww o1 1 x 1 e− t x 1 (C) > o H = > >x H + >0H u (t) H x 0 −1 O N A I D (D) none of these Common Data Question Q.84 MCQ 3.85 (B) − 10 3 (D) − 8 (B) − 2. 180c.112. 0. 180c.9433 Break away points are (A) − 1. 0. 0.9433 (D) 1. the state i . 300c (C) 90c.471 (C) − 1. 300c (B) 60c.82 MCQ 3. − (D) 1.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia MCQ 3. 0.84-86*.co. 270c Intercepts of asymptotes at the real axis is (A) − 6 (C) − 4 MCQ 3.in and get maximum available discount . 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. 120c. 1 S W T 1 X (C) 0.86 MCQ 3. The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback system is given by (s + α) G (s) = s (s + ) (s + 10) Angles of asymptotes are (A) 60c.2y = u (t) e− t dt dt2 dy the state variables are given as x1 = y and .9433 GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. 270c. 1.x n = b dt − y let .056 . − 6.83 *A system is described by the following differential equation d2 y dy + .81 Page 270 The eigen values of the system represented by R V S W S W o =S X WX are S W (A) 0. 0 (B) 1.co variable representation of the system iis a od o1 o1 1 1 x1 1 1 x x 1 e− t x 1 n . − 6. 360c (D) 90c. − 3. y (0−) = 1 dt input u (t) is (B) 1 δ (t) − 7 e− 3t u (t) (A) 1 δ (t) − 7 e(3/5) t u (t) 5 25 5 25 (C) − 7 e− (3/5) t u (t) (D) None of these 25 MCQ 3. − 6. 1. is described by dy dy + + 10y = 5 du − 3u dt dt dt for an input u (t) with zero initial conditions the above system produces the same output as with no input and with initial conditions dy (0−) =− 4 . 0. 0.nodia.

ww A I D no .facebook.90-93*.com/gateec2014 .88 −3 1 Given the homogeneous state-space equation xo = = x the steady state − G T value of xss = lim x (t). Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.in 3 TWO MARKS (A) (C) (s + ) s (s + ) (s + (s + ) s (s + ) (s + ) ) 10 (s + 5) (s + 2) 2 (s + 25) (s + ) (D) s (s + ) (s + ) (B) Common Data Question Q.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 271 YEAR 2001 MCQ 3. A unity feedback system has an open-loop transfer function of G (s) = 1 s (s + 1 ) For more GATE Resources. 3-pole. MCQ 3. Its transfer functions is O N . open-loop system is shown in Figure The closed-loop system is (A) always stable (B) marginally stable (C) unstable with one pole on the right half s -plane (D) unstable with two poles on the right half s -plane. dia co −3 (B) xss = = G − 3 (D) xss = = G .87 ONE MARK The polar plot of a type-1.89 The asymptotic approximation w of the log-magnitude versus frequency plot of a minimum phase system with real poles and one zero is shown in Figure. given the initial state value of x ( ) = 81 − 1 B is t"3 (A) xss = = G −1 (C) xss = = 1 G YEAR 2001 MCQ 3.

02 dB (D) None of these (B) Un-stable (D) can not determined MCQ 3.86c The gain margin in dB is (A) 13.97 dB The system is (A) Stable (C) Marginally stable *For the given characteristic equation s3 + s2 + Ks + K = 0 The root locus of the system as K varies from zero to infinity is (B) 36.91 MCQ 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.92 MCQ 3.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia MCQ 3. (A) 1 dB (B) 0 dB (C) − 2 dB (D) 10 dB The phase margin in degrees is (A) 90c (C) − 36.97 dB (C) − 13.94 O N ww no w.93 MCQ 3. A I D d co ia.in and get maximum available discount .86c (D) − 90c (B) 6.in ************ GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. .co.nodia.90 Page 272 Determine the magnitude of G jω in dB at an angular frequency of ω = 20 rad/sec.

ia 20 log G ^ jωh = 20 log k = 32 o d . k = 10 =w 39 . the O/P is correct which is Y ^s h = s ^y ^ h = h For more GATE Resources. s s O N 32 20 A I D SOL 3.8 Hence. From the given plot. we obtain the slope as Slope = 20 log G2 − 20 log G1 log w2 − log w1 =− 8 dB = 32 dB = 1 rad/s = 10 rad/s From the figure 20 log G2 20 log G1 and ω1 ω2 So.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOLUTION Page 273 SOL 3. The Laplace transform of unit step fun n is s So. the transfer function can be given as G ^s h = k S at ω = 1 G ^ jω h = k = k w n o. we check dy ^ t h u^t h = dt U ^s h = SY ^s h − y ^ h & & or. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.n w or. c . the Transfer functionw is G ^s h = k = .1 Option (B) is correct. the O/P of the system is given as Y ^s h = b lb l s s = U ^s h = s For zero initial condition. U ^s h = s c U ^s h = s m − y^ h s Hence.facebook.i In decibel.2 Option (B) is correct.com/gateec2014 . the slope is Slope = − 8 − 32 log 10 − log 1 =− 40 dB/decade Therefore.

τol = 10 Now.3 Option (A) is correct. we get the open loop time constant.nodia.4 Comparing with standard form of transfer function. L and L are touching to each other so. ia Y ^s h d Σ P k ∆k o = n ∆ U ^s h w. we obtain the closed loop transfer function for the given system as G ^s h 10Ka H ^s h = = 1 10 s + 10Ka + 1 + G ^s h Ka = s + ^Ka + h By taking inverse laplace transform.i c . the time constant of closed loop system is obtained as a 1 w s−2 + s− = −1 5 + 6s + 2s−2 = 2s+1 5s + 6s + 2 Option (C) is correct. we have ∆ = 1 − (sum of individual loops) + (sum of product of nontouching loops) Here. open loop transfer function G ^s h = 10Ka = Ka 1 1 + 10s s + 10 By taking inverse Laplace transform. Given. = 1 − ^− 4 − 4s−1 − 2s−2 − 2s−1h = 5 + 6s−1 + 2s−2 n From Mason’s gain formulae o.co. For the given SFG.e−^k + ht So. we have two forward paths Pk = ^1 h^s−1h^s−1h^1 h = s−2 Pk = ^1 h^s−1h^1 h^1 h = s−1 since. ∆ = 1 − ^L1 + L2 + L 3 + L 4h SOL 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. we get h ^ t h = ka .GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 274 its inverse Laplace transform is given by y ^ t h = tu ^ t h SOL 3. we have g ^ t h = e− t O N w A I D τcl = ka + GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. all the loops are touching to both the paths Pk and Pk so.in and get maximum available discount . Ae−t t . ∆k = ∆k = Now. the loops are L = ^− 4h^1 h =− 4 L = ^− 4h^s−1h = 4s−1 L = ^− 2h^s−1h^s−1h =− 2s−2 L = ^− 2h^s−1h^1 h =− 2s−1 As all the loop L . L .

i y = x1 c . X1 denotes Laplace transform of x1 ) s 1 ^s + 2h X1 = s X1 = SOL 3. from Eq. (1) we get o1 = 2x1 + u x Taking Laplace transform So.1 − 1 E 2 s s+2 Taking inverse Laplace transform y = 1 8u ^ t h − e−2t u ^ t hB 2 1 = − 1 e−2t 2 2 Option (A) is correct. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.n Y = XL w 1 ww or. N D O ^x1 ^ h = h IA .. τcl = Option (A) is correct. (3)) ^for t > 0h 1 B = > H.. ka = 10 SOL 3.. = 10 100 ka or. Y = 1 ..com/gateec2014 ..(2) sX1 − x1 ^ h =− 2X1 + 1 (Here. From the given state variable system. Y = s ^s + 2h or. o − 2 0 x1 1 x > o H = > 0 − 1H>x H + >1H u x 2 x1 and y = 61 0@> H x2 From Eq. we obtain the controllability matrix AB@ CM = 6B and 1 −2 => 2 1H and the observability matrix is obtained as C OM = > H CA For more GATE Resources. Given. the state variable formulation. given that ka reduces open loop time constant by a factor of 100 . i.5 or. we have −2 0 A => 0 1H or..facebook. .(1) .. τcl = tol 100 or..e..6 1 s ^s + 2h Now. Taking Laplace transform both the sides. dia o . (2) we have n o..GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 275 (approximately) ka Now. C = 61 @ 1 Now.(3) (from eq.

co.in and get maximum available discount . system is controllable but not observable SOL 3.8 Option (A) is correct. K (s + ) Y (s) H (s) = = R (s) s + as + s ( + k) + ( + k) Routh Table : GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. B = S W S S W W Sa 3 0 0W S W X T T R 0 a 0VR0V R 0V X 1 WS W S W S AB = S 0 0 a2WS0W = Sa2W S W W S WS S 0W S1W Sa 3 0 0W X X T T T V V R VR0X R 0 0 a a 1 2 2 n W WS W Sa1 a S i o. O N A I D R (s) − Y (s) SOL 3. a !0 X T aa !0 & a ! a may be zero or not. K (s + ) Y (s) = s + as + s + Y (s) . General form of state equations are given as o = Ax + Bu x o = Cx + Du y For the given problem R 0 a 0V R V 1 W S S W A = S 0 0 a2W. + K (s + ) K (s + ) R (s) = E s + as + s + s + as + s + Y (s) s + as + s ( + k) + ( + k) = K (s + ) R (s) Transfer Function.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 276 1 0 H => −2 0 So. we get Rank of the controllability matrix " Rank ^CM h = Rank of the observability matrix " Rank ^OM h = Since.7 Option (D) is correct.nodia. X X X T T T w that following For controllability it is necessary matrix has a tank of n = . Rank (OM ) < order of state variables Thus.0W A B = Sa2 a 3 0 0WS0W =. w w R0 0 a a V 1 2W S U = 6B AB A B@ = S0 a2 0W S W S1 0 0W So. the order of state variable is 2 ^x1 and x2h. Therefore. we have Rank ^CM h = order of state variables but. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.S c aS W W S d Wi S WS S S 0 a 3 a1 0W 1 0W o n .

From the table we can see that +G (jωp) =− c. 1 GM = 20 log 10 e = 20 log b 1 l = 6 dB 0.5 G (jωp) o For more GATE Resources.10 Option (A) is correct. a +K − +K =0 a a = K+ K+ Auxiliary equation A s = as + k + = s =− k + a − k + 1 (k + 2) =− (k + 2) s = (k + 1) s = j k+ jω = j k + (Oscillation frequency) ω = k+ = k =2 and a = 2 + 1 = 3 = 0. Gain margin is simply equal to the gain at phase cross over frequency ( ωp ). jw + a GC (s) = s + a = s+b jw + b Phase lead angle.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 277 SOL 3.9 For oscillation. Phase cross over frequency is the frequency at which phase angle is equal to − 180c. O N A I D SOL 3.75 2+2 4 Option (A) is correct. = tan c ia 2 m d +w oab n . so option (C) can not be true. For phase-lead compensation φ > ww 0 w b−a > 0 b >a Note: For phase lead compensator zero is nearer to the origin as compared to pole.facebook. at which gain is 0. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.com/gateec2014 .in o a) − c −1 w (b . φ = tan−1 a w k − tan−1 a w k a b Jw − wN −1 K a bO = tan 2 K O w K1 + O ab L P .5. φ = tan−1 a w k − tan−1 a w k a b 1/a 1/b dφ = − =0 2 2 dω 1 +awk 1 +awk a b + w = + w a ab b ba a − b =wb − l ab a b 2 rad/ sec ω = ab = 1 # 2 = SOL 3.11 Option (A) is correct.

are in left side of the complex plane.13 R (s) = 10 :1 − 1 e−sD = 10 :1 − e D s s s So steady state error n (1 − e−s) o. • Poles − 2. at which phase angle is − 150c φPM = 180c + +G (jωg) = 180 − 150 = 30c SOL 3.in and get maximum available discount .n w Option (B) is correct.nodia.12 Option (A) is correct.i 0 c s # 10 . Gain cross over frequency is the frequency at which gain is unity. s = and s =− (2) n > m . s ia10 (1 − e ) = 0 l = lim ess = d o 1+9 s"0 1 + G (s). s−1 G (s) = (s + 2) (s + 3) • In the given transfer function one zero is located at s = (RHS). K bs + l s (s + ) Steps for plotting the root-locus (1) Root loci starts at s = . q = . − 3 . So the system is stable O N G (s) = A I D −s = 10 [µ (t) − µ (t − 1)] SOL 3. so this is a non-minimum phase system.1 n−m (2 # 0 + 1) 180c (I) = 90c (3 − 1) (2 # 1 + 1) 180c (II) = 270c (3 − 1) (4) The two asymptotes intersect on real axis at centroid GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. From the table it is clear that G (jωg) = .1 s " 0 1 + G (s) 1 + G (0) = 10 G( ) = 9 Given inputr (t) or SOL 3. We know that steady state error is given by sR (s) ess = lim s " 0 1 + G (s) where R (s) " input G (s) " open loop transfer function For unit step input R (s) = So s sb 1 l s ess = lim = 0. therefore. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.14 Option (A) is correct. ww Transfer function having at least one zero or pole in RHS of s -plane is called non-minimum phase transfer function.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 278 Phase Margin is equal to 180c plus the phase angle φg at the gain cross over frequency ( ωg ). number of branches of root locus b = (3) Angle of asymptotes is given by (2q + 1) 1 c .co.

s (s + ) K =− bs + l / = dK = 0 ds s =0 Root locus is shown in the figure Three roots with nearly equal parts exist on the left half of s -plane.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 279 − 2 − b− 2 l 3 −/ x = =− 2 n−m 3−1 3 (5) Between two open-loop poles s = and s =− there exist a break away point.com/gateec2014 .no A I D ia 1 s (s + 1 + K ) Y (s) 1 = 2 = 1 R (s) 1 + s + s (1 + K ) + 1 s (s + 1 + K ) This is a second order system transfer function.15 Option (A) is correct. Given G (s) = s (s + ) (s + ) For more GATE Resources. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. characteristic equation is s + s ( + K) + = 0 Comparing with standard form s + ξωn s + ωn = 0 We get ξ = 1+K 2 Peak overshoot M p = e− πξ SOL 3.16 −ξ So the Peak overshoot is effected by K .in The system may be reduced as shown below .co O N ww w d . .facebook. Option (A) is correct. SOL 3.

2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 280 G jω = G jω = jω jω + 2 jω + 1 ω ω + 1 ω2+ 4 +G jω =− 90c − tan− 1 (ω) − tan− 1 (ω/2) In nyquist plot For ω = 0. λ2 =− 1. G (jω) = 0 +G jω =− 90c − 90c − 90c =− 270c Intersection at real axis G jω = jω − ω + j ω + − 3ω2 − jω (2 − ω2) 1 = # − 3ω2 + jω (2 − ω2) − 3ω2 − jω (2 − ω2) − 3ω2 − jω (2 − ω2) = 9ω4 + ω2 (2 − ω2) 2 2 jω (2 − ω2) = 4 −23ω − 9ω + ω (2 − ω2) 2 9ω4 + ω2 (2 − ω2) 2 jω jω + jω + = At real axis Im [G (jω)] = 0 ω (2 − ω2) So. G (jω) = 3 +G jω =− 90c For ω = 3. 2 − ω2 = 0 & ω = 2 rad/sec dia o n . O N A I D GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.co. =0 n 9ω4 + ω2 (2 − ω2) o. 2 Since eigen values of the system are of opposite signs. At ω = 2 rad/sec.in and get maximum available discount .i c .nodia. magnitude response is w w w 1 G jω at ω = = =1<3 6 4 2 2+1 2+4 SOL 3.17 Option (C) is correct. B=> H A => 0 2H 2 AB = > H 2 0 2 [B: AB] = > H 1 2 Y 0 6B: AB@ = So it is controllable. so it is unstable Controllability : −1 2 . Stability : Eigen value of the system are calculated as A − λI = 0 −1 2 λ 0 −1 − λ 2 −> => A − λI = > H H 0 2 0 λ 0 2 − λH A − λI = (− 1 − λ) (2 − λ) − 2 # 0 = 0 & λ1.

of poles n = . given by C = n−m (0 − 1 − 3) − (− 2) = 3−1 O N A I D / real part of poles − / real parts of eroes =− 1 As no. Here breakaway point lies in the range − 1 < Re [s] < 0 . Overall gain of the system is written as G = G1 G 2 1 G3 We know that for a quantity that is product of two or more quantities total percentage error is some of the percentage error in each quantity. so no root is lying in right half of s -plane.19 SOL 3. at s =− 2 .s 1.facebook. s (s + s + ) + K (s + ) = 0 s + s + ( + K) s + K = 0 From Routh’s tabulation method s s s1 s 1 4 4 (3 + K) − 2K (1) 12 + 2K = >0 4 4 2K 3+K 2K K> There is no sign change in the first column of routh table. so error in overall gain G is 3 G = ε1 + ε2 + 1 ε3 Option (D) is correct. so two root loci branches terminates at infinity along asymptotes Re (s) =− 1 SOL 3. Asymptotes meet on real axis at a point C . Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. For plotting root locus. ia d 2.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 3. For more GATE Resources. The root locus on real axis wwlies between s = and s =− 1. Given characteristic equation s (s + ) (s + ) + K (s + ) = 0 . of poles is 3. between s =− 3 and s =− 2 . No.18 Page 281 Option (C) is correct. Breakaway point lies between open loop poles of the system. 4. the equation can be written as K (s + 2) =0 1+ s (s + 1) (s + 3) Open loop transfer function G (s) = K (s + ) s (s + 1) (s + ) Root locus is obtained in following steps: in o.com/gateec2014 . at s = .20 Option (D) is correct.no w 3. of Zeroes m = 1. 5. s =− 1 and =− c . No.

no. of encirclement of (− 1.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 282 From Nyquist stability criteria. Z = − (− ) Z = . Slope changes from − 40 dB/dec. The slope changes from − 40 dB/dec to − 60 dB/dec at ω3 = 25 rad/sec. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. 2. Transfer function can be written in following steps: 1. of closed loop poles in right half of s -plane is given as Z = P−N P " No. of open loop poles in right half s -plane N " No. so there is a pole in the system at this frequency.. of poles at origin is 2. .n A I D co ia. at ω1 = 2 rad/sec. Given Routh’s tabulation. Since initial slope of the bode plot is − 40 dB/decade. so no. so at this frequency there is a zero lying in the system function.21 Option (D) is correct. Transfer function T (s) = K (s + ) s (s + 2) (s + 2 ) 2 GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.22 So the auxiliary equation is given by. s s2 s 2 4 0 2 4 0 4s2 + 4 = 0 ww w s2 =− 1 s =! j From table we have characteristic equation as 2s3 + 2s + 4s2 + 4 = 0 s + s + 2s2 + 2 = 0 s (s2 + ) + 2 (s2 + ) = 0 (s + 2) (s2 + 1) = 0 s =− 2 . 3. to − 60 dB/dec.in Option (B) is correct. System is unstable with 2-poles on RH of s -plane. so at ω1 there is a pole in the transfer function. s = ! j SOL 3.nodia..in and get maximum available discount . j0) Here N =− (` encirclement is in clockwise direction) P = (` system is stable) So. SOL 3. od O N .co. Slope changes from − 60 dB/dec to − 40 dB/dec at ω2 = 5 rad/sec.

23 Option (D) is correct.25 A I D co ia.24 d Option (D) is correct.25K K = 1.1) 2 # 50 80 = 20 log K = 1000 therefore.25 2+K SOL 3. From the figure we can see that steady state error for given system is ess = 1 − 0. R (s) = (unit step input) = lim s s"0> K H 1+ (s + 1) (s + 2) = 1K = 2 2+K 1+ 2 So. O N 2 = 0.7 = 23.25 Steady state error for unity feed back system is given by sR (s) ess = lim = G s " 0 1 + G (s) s^ 1 sh .com/gateec2014 . ess = 2 = 0.5 + 0.7 rad/sec So the gain margin (dB) 1 = 20 log e = 20 log G (jωp) o > = 20 log 15. no .1ωp = 90c # π 180c ωp = 15. T jω So. w figure is given by.25 1 1 b 15. the transfer function is s+ T s = s s+ s+ SOL 3.1ωp # π l − 90c =− 180c 0. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.9 dB SOL 3.7 l H Option (C) is correct. ω G (jω) = e jω Phase cross over frequency can be calculated as.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 283 Constant term can be obtained as. Given system equations dx (t) =− 3x1 (t) + x2 (t) + 2u (t) dt For more GATE Resources. .in +G (jωp) =− 180c 180 b− 0.facebook.75 = 0. 5 = 6 0. Open loop transfer function ofw the w − . s G (s) = e s −j . at ω = .1ωp # 180c = 90c π 0. = 80 K (5) (0.

Given state equations in matrix formia can be written as.A) = S W 1 S 0 (s + 2) W T − t − 2t X e e − e− t -1 φ (t) = L [Φ (s)] = > H e− 2t SOL 3.n x1 2 x + > H u (t) >o H = > 0 w H > H w x2 w − 2 x2 1 dX (t) = AX (t) + Bu (t) dt State transition matrix is given by O N A I D φ (t) = L− 1 6F (s)@ Φ (s) = (sI − A) − 1 s − 1 (sI − A) = > H − > s − 2H s+ (sI − A) = > (sI − A) − 1 = −1 s + 2H s+2 1 1 > 0 s + 3H (s + 3) (s + 2) R V 1 S 1 W (s + 3) (s + 3) (s + 2)W S -1 So Φ (s) = (sI .in and get maximum available discount . Given differential equation for the function dy (t) + y (t) = δ (t) dt Buy online at www.in o c .nodia.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 284 dx t =− 2x2 (t) + u (t) dt y t =x t Taking Laplace transform on both sides of equations. Y (s) = X1 (s) So. sX s =− 3X1 (s) + X2 (s) + 2U (s) (s + 3) X1 (s) = X s + U s Similarly sX (s) =− 2X2 (s) + U (s) (s + 2) X2 (s) = U (s) From equation (1) & (2) U (s) (s + 3) X1 (s) = + 2U (s) s+2 U (s) 1 + 2 (s + 2) X1 (s) = E s+ .(2) SOL 3.27 GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. . Y (s) = U (s) (2s + ) (s + 2) (s + ) .co...26 System transfer function (2s + ) Y (s) (2s + 5) = 2 T. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Option (D) is correct..F = = U (s) (s + 2) (s + 3) s + s+ Option (B) is correct.. s+2 (2s + ) = U (s) (s + 2) (s + ) From output equation. d o o1 − 3 1 .(1) .

Given transfer function G (s) = Input s + s+ r (t) = δ (t − 1) R (s) = L [δ (t − 1)] = e− s Output is given by e− s Y (s) = R (s) G (s) = s + s+ Steady state value of output −s lim y (t) = lim sY (s) = lim 2 se =0 t"3 s"0 s " 0 s + 3s + 2 SOL 3.in 10 c . sY s + Y s = 1 (s + 1) Y (s) = 1 Y s = s+ Taking inverse Laplace of Y s y t = e− t u t . ia ωo Jω − n Nd . Slope − 20 dB/decade (Slope changes by + 20 dB/decade)"1 Zero 3.30 θC = tan− 1 (ω) − tan− 1 a ωok . For C Phase is given by SOL 3. t > SOL 3. phase is θC = tan− 1 a ω k − tan− 1 (ω) 10 J ω − ωN − 1 K 10 O = tan 2 K ω K1 + O O 10 P L = tan− 1 c − 9ω 2 m < 0 (Phase lag) 10 + ω Option (C) is correct. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. Option (C) is correct.29 Option (A) is correct.facebook. Characteristic equation for the system K =0 1+ s (s + 3) (s + 10) O N A I D SOL 3.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 285 Taking Laplace on both the sides we have.28 Option (A) is correct. From the given bode plot we can analyze that: 1. O = tan− 1 K ww 10 2 K w K1 + ω O O 10 P L = tan− 1 c 9ω 2 m > 0 (Phase lead) 10 + ω Similarly for C . Slope − 40 dB/decade"2 poles 2.31 For more GATE Resources.com/gateec2014 . Slope 0 dB/decade (Slope changes by + 20 dB/decade)"1 Zero So there are 2 poles and 2 zeroes in the transfer function.

sX (s) (sI − A) X (s) X (s) ` Y (s) Y (s) T.in and get maximum available discount . ww State space equation of the system is given by.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 286 +K = 0 s + s + s+K = 0 Applying Routh’s stability criteria s s s1 s0 1 13 (13 # 30) − K 13 K 30 K s s+ s+ For stability there should be no sign change in first column So.no SOL 3. a or (ξ = 1) so system is critically damped.i c 2 # 10 .co. .F = = AX (s) + BU (s) = BU (s) = (sI − A) − 1 BU (s) = CX (s) = C (sI − A) − 1 BU (s) O N w A I D di So Y (s) = C (sI − A) − 1 B U (s) s 0 0 1 s −1 => (sI − A) = > H − > H 0 s 0 − 0 s+ H R V 1 W S1 1 >s + 1H = Ss s (s + )W (sI − A) − 1 = S0 1 W s (s + ) 0 s S (s + ) W T X Transfer function GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.33 Option (D) is correct. 2ξωn = 20 n ξ = 20 = 1 o. o = AX + Bu X Y = CX Taking Laplace transform on both sides of the equations.nodia. 390 − K > 0 & K < 3 0 K >0 0 <K< 0 SOL 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. Given transfer function is 100 s + 0s + 100 Characteristic equation of the system is given by H (s)) = s + 0s + 100 = 0 ωn = 100 & ωn = 10 rad/sec.32 Option (C) is correct.

ess = lim S 1 s"0S W + 1 S s (s + 2) W X T s (s + 2) = lim = G =0 s " 0 s (s + 2) + 1 Option (D) is correct. For more GATE Resources.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 287 G s = C sI − A − V V R R 1 W S1 S 1 W s s (s + 2)W 0 Ss (s + 2)W = 1 0 B = 81 0BS > H 8 B S0 S 1 W 1 W1 S (s + 2) W S (s + 2) W X X T T = s s+ SOL 3.in System response is (s − 1) (s − 1) (s + 2) H (s) = = (s − 1) 1 (s + 3) 1+ (s + 2) (s − 1) Poles of the system is lying at s =− (negative s -plane) so this is stable. so the system is unstable. . A I D d co ia. For input u the system is (u1 = 0) System response is 1 (s − 1) (s + 2) H (s) = = − 1 s ( ) − ( s 1) (s + 3) 1+ 1 (s − 1) (s + 2) One pole of the system is lying in right half of s -plane. Steady state error is given by.35 H (s) = 1 (Unity feed back) V R sb 1 l W S s W So. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.34 Option (A) is correct.com/gateec2014 . sR (s) ess = lim = G s " 0 1 + G (s) H (s) R (s) = L [r (t)] = 1 (Unit step input) s G (s) = s (s + ) Here SOL 3. the system is (u2 = 0) O N ww no w. For input u .facebook.

crossover frequency of un-compensated system ww w So.37 jω (ω2 − 2) − 3ω2 + ω2 (1 + ω2) (4 + ω2) ω2 (1 + ω2) (4 + ω2) G (jω) = x + iy x = Re [G (jω)] ω " 0 = − 3 =− 3 1#4 4 Option (D) is correct.co. Given function is.co a i d Given that gain-crossover frequency no of compensated system is same as phase . 2 & 3) Buy online at www.in ωp 9k ωp = 3 rad/sec. (ωg) compensated = (ωp) uncompensated − 180c = +H (jωp) − 180c =− 90c − tan− 1 (ωp) − tan− 1 a J ω + ωp N p 9 O 90c = tan K 2 O K K 1 − ωp O 9 P L 2 ω 1− p = 0 9 −1 O N G (s) A I D .36 Page 288 Option (B) is correct.in and get maximum available discount . G (s) = G (jω) = s (s + ) (s + ) j ω ( + jω ) ( + j ω ) By simplifying − jω − jω − jω G (jω) = c # jω − jω mc + jω # − jω mc + jω # − jω m = c− = − jω (2 − ω2 − j3ω) jω 1 − j ω 2 − j ω = ω2 mc 1 + ω2 mc 4 + ω2 m ω2 (1 + ω2) (4 + ω2) SOL 3. H (s) = s (s + ) (s + ) H (s) = Where GC (s) " Response of compensator . (ωg) compensated = 3 rad/sec. Let response of the un-compensated system is + s (s + ) (s + ) Response of compensated system.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 3.nodia. So. At this frequency phase margin of compensated system is φPM = 180c + +HC (jωg) 45c = 180c − 90c − tan− 1 (ωg) − tan− 1 (ωg /9) + +GC (jωg) 45c = 180c − 90c − tan− 1 (3) − tan− 1 (1/3) + +GC (jωg) R 1 V 3 + S 3 W 45c = 90c − tan− 1 S + +GC (jωg) 1 W 1 − 3 W S b 3 lW S X T by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.

F = a Pb a 0 1 + 1 + 2 − 2 0 − Pb1 s s s s (c 0 + c1 s) P (s + a1 s + a 0) − P (b 0 + sb1) (c 0 + c1 s) P 2 s ^ + a1 s + a 0 h = P (b + sb1) 1− 2 0 s + a1 s + a 0 from the given reduced form transfer function is given by = 2 For more GATE Resources.in + K) = 0 SOL 3. From the given block diagram we can obtain signal flow graph of the system.38 Option (B) is correct. K (s + 3) =0 1+ (s + 8) 2 (s + 8) 2 + K (s + 3) = 0 s + ( + K) s + ( + K) = 0 By applying Routh’s criteria. 64 + 3K s 1 s 1 16 + K 64 + 3K s0 For system to be oscillatory 16 + K = 0 & K =− 1 Auxiliary equation A (s) = s + ( & s + + # (− 1 ) = 0 =0 s + − s =− 1 & jω = j ω = 4 rad/sec O N 0 ww no w. so we may use lag-lead compensator.39 Option (D) is correct. At gain cross over frequency gain of compensated system is unity so. A I D d co ia. Transfer function from the signal flow graph is written as c 0 P + c1 P s s2 T.facebook.com/gateec2014 .GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 289 45c = 90c − 90c + +GC (jωg) +G jωg = 45c The gain cross over frequency of compensated system is lower than un-compensated system. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. H jωg G jωg ωg ωg + ωg + G jωg in dB G ωg =1 =1 = 3 9 + 1 9 + 81 = 3 # 30 = 1 900 900 10 = 20 log b 1 l 10 =− 20 dB (attenuation) SOL 3. Characteristic equation for the given system. .

in and get maximum available discount . H (s) = bCs l e (s) = ei (s) bR + Ls + Cs l H (s) = = b LC l s +Rs+ L LC Characteristic equation is given by. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia 1 # 10− 3 = 0.co.nodia.40 Option (A) is correct. s co Wb Ki l .41 Option (C) is correct. (s + 2ξωs + ω ) X T w w Ki = lim = Ki = 2 s"0 >s + (Ki + K p s) 2 ω H Ki 2 (s + 2ξωs + ω ) O N LCs + RCs + A I D SOL 3.F = X = (c 0 + c1 s) Y = s +a s+a Z = (b 0 + sb1) SOL 3. R V n sb 1 l i S W . For the given system Z is given by Z = E (s) Ki s Where E (s) " steady state error of the system Here sR (s) E (s) = lim s " 0 1 + G (s) H (s) Input R (s) = s (Unit step) ω G (s) = b Ki + K p le s s + ξωs + ω o H (s) = 1 (Unity feed back) So. System response of the given circuit can be obtained as. =0 s +Rs+ L LC Here natural frequency ωn = LC C L 2ξωn = R L Damping ratio ξ = R LC = R 2 2L Here ξ = 10 2 GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 290 XYP 1 − YPZ by comparing above two we have T.5 (under damped) 10 # 10− 6 Buy online at www. Z = lim S a 2 i s"0S Ki W s d2 ω o pl 2 W n S1 + b s + K w.

46 Option (B) is correct. After corner frequency ω2 = 10 rad/sec or log ω2 = 1.44 SOL 3. a di Given function is. co.facebook. initial slope of the bode plot is 0 dB/decade.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 291 So peak overshoot is given by SOL 3.. j0). So. the Slope after ω = 1 rad/sec or log ω = 0 is(0 + 20) =+ 20 dB/dec. − πξ −ξ # =e −π # − # = 16% Option (B) is correct. a = R 0 R 1 0 V S W S0 0 1 W=S 0 A =S 0 S S− a 0 − a1 − a2W W S S− 1 T X T Option (A) is correct. Similarly after ω3 = 100 rad/sec or log ω = 2 . In the given options only in option (A) circle (− 1.45 Option (A) is correct. Corner frequencies are ω1 = 1 rad/sec ω 2 = 10 rad/sec ω 3 = 100 rad/sec As the initial slope of bode plot is 0 dB/decade and corner frequency ω1 = 1 rad/ sec. SOL 3. + a s + a = 0 in its state variable representation matrix A is given as R V 1 0 g 0 W S 0 S 0 0 1 g 0 W A =S W Sh h h h h W S− a 0 − a1 − a2 g − an − 1W T X Characteristic equation of the system is 4s2 − 2s + 1 = 0 So. a = . .com/gateec2014 .42 SOL 3. Hence (A) is correct option.. In standard form for a characteristic equation give as sn + an − sn − + . 10 4 (1 + jω )w w H (jω) = w + jω ) 2 (10 + jω) (100 Function can be rewritten as. a =− . SOL 3.1 (1 + jω) ω ω 2 a1 + j 10 ka1 + j 100 k O N A I D in 1 0V W 0 1W W 2 − 4W X the nyquist plot does not enclose the unit The system is type 0. the Slope is (+ 20 − 20) = 0 dB/dec. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. 10 4 (1 + jω) H (jω) = 2 10 91 + j ω C 10 4 91 + j ω C 10 100 = 0. o n . So this is stable. For more GATE Resources. the slope of plot is (0 − 20 # 2) =− 40 dB/dec.43 % peak overshoot = e Option ( ) is correct.

GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 292 Given characteristic equation. s2 + 4 T (s) = (s + 1) (s + 4) T (jω) = (jω) 2 + 4 (jω + 1) (jω + 4) If system output is zero 4 − ω2 T (jω) = =0 ^ jω + 1h (jω + 4) 4 − ω2 = 0 ω2 = 4 & ω = 2 rad/sec SOL 3. q = .co.48 Option (A) is correct. From the given plot we can see that centroid C (point of intersection) where asymptotes intersect on real axis) is 0 So for option (a) G (s) = K s3 GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.1 n−m (I) (II) (2 # 0 + 1) 180c = 90c (3 − 1) (2 # 1 + 1) 180c = 270c (3 − 1) (4) The two asymptotes intersect on real axis at / oles − / eroes = (− 1 − 2 + 2) − (1) =− 1 x = 3−1 n−m (5) Between two open-loop poles s =− 1 and s =− 2 there exist a break away point. number of branches of root locus b = (3) Angle of asymptotes is given by (2q + 1) 1 c . s =− (2) n > m . s =− 1.in and get maximum available discount .47 Option (C) is correct. n o. (s2 − 4) (s + i 1 ) a K =− (s −n 1o )d O N dK = 0 ds w ww .5 SOL 3. K (s − 1) . no.nodia. therefore. the open loop transfer function for the system. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. (s2 − 4) (s + 1) + K (s − 1) = 0 K (s − 1) or =0 1+ 2 (s − 4) (s + 1) So. Closed loop transfer function of the given system is. of poles n = G s = (s − 2) (s + 2) (s + 1) no of zeroes m = Steps for plotting the root-locus (1) Root loci starts at s = .i c . A I D s =− 1.

facebook.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 293 Centroid = SOL 3. Open loop transfer function is. w ww 1 − K > 0. +G (jωp) =− 180c tan− 1 (ωp) =− 180c ωp = 0 Gain margin of the system is.51 O N A I D Option (C) is correct.M = G (jωp) = ωp + ωp = ωp ωp + = SOL 3. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. coefficient dia of characteristic equation should be of o . Characteristic equation for the given system 1 + G (s) H (s) = 0 (1 − s) =0 1+K (1 + s) (1 + s) + K (1 − s) = 0 n s ( − K) + ( + K) = 0 o. − s E s (s + )E s (s + ) For more GATE Resources. s (s + ) s + E s (s + )E Y (s) .50 Option (C) is correct.n same sign. − R (s)D s s+ = R (s) .49 / o e − / ero = n−m − − = Option (A) is correct. + = R (s) . (s + ) G (s) = s jω + 1 G (jω) = − ω2 Phase crossover frequency can be calculated as. G. In the given block diagram Steady state error is given as ess = lim sE (s) s"0 E (s) = R (s) − Y (s) Y (s) can be written as Y (s) = :"R (s) − Y (s). K + > K < .com/gateec2014 . K >− −1 < K < K <1 SOL 3. − − Y (s) .i c . For the system to be stable.

When it passes through negative real axis at that point phase angle is − 180cSo +G (jω) H (jω) =− 180c − 0. 1 E s (s + 1) G (jω) H (jω) = Phase margin of the system is given as φPM = 60c = 180c + +G (jωg) H (jωg) Where ωg " gain cross over frequency = 1 rad/sec 0.366 l K 15c = tan− 1 b 0.366 l K .25 s = jω = πa.in SOL 3. 60c = 180c + tan− 1 b − 90c − tan− 1 (ωg) K l = 90c + tan− 1 b 0. ω=π 2 π jω= 2 # 0. G (s) H (s) = (K + 0.366ωg So.5. j0) O N K+j . s + s E s + s+ R s For unit step input R s = s"0 s Steady state error ess = lim sE (s) (s2 + 4s) ess = lim =s 1 2 =0 s (s + 2s + 6)G s"0 SOL 3.co. K = tan 15c by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.52 Option (B) is correct.25 # 2π w π e w G (s) H (s) s = w = =− 0.nodia.366 l − tan− 1 (1) K = 90c − 45c + tan− 1 b 0. − 0.25jω − π =− π 2 − 0. Open loop transfer function of the system is given by. 2 & 3) Buy online at www.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 294 Y s =R s So.5 π 2π So it passes through (− 0.in and get maximum available discount .co di function we get Put s = π in given open loop transfer o n .366s) .53 Option (C) is correct. ω jω (jω + ) A I D . − s s + s+ − s E s =R s − s + s+ =R s .25jω =− π 2 j .

com/gateec2014 .366 = 1. For more GATE Resources. we get state transition equation as. φ (t) = L− 1 [(sI − A) − 1] s s − => [sI − A] = > H − > H s − s+ H R V S W s+ s s (s + )W S −1 = [sI − A] = > W sH S s (s + ) S (s + ) W T X φ (t) = L− 1 [(sI − A) − 1] 1 => 0 1 3 (1 − e−3t) H e−3t SOL 3. o (t) = >0 1 H X (t) + >1H u (t) X 0 −3 0 Here 0 1 1 . Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. Here Φ (s) " state transition matrix w R V ww S W s s (s + )W S Φ (s) = S W S (s + ) W T X X ( ) " initial condition −1 X( ) = > H 3 O N A I D co ia.in 1 B => H 0 R V R V S W S W s s (s + )W − s (s + ) s W S S So X (s) = S W> H + S W> H s S (s + ) W S s+ W T X V T X V R R S− + W S W − s s (s + )W s+ W S S = + s = + >s H S W > Hs S W + S W s+ S W s+ T X T R V X S − W s+ W s S X (s) = S W S s+ W T X Taking inverse Laplace transform.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 295 SOL 3. .55 Option (C) is correct.B = > H A => H 0 −3 0 State transition matrix is given by. State transition equation is given by X (s) = F (s) X (0) + F (s) BU od(s) n .267 Option (A) is correct.facebook.54 K = 0. Given state equation.366 0.

F = = ^Kt h s θ (s) Option (B) is correct. Given characteristic equation. of roots in left half of s -plane = (3 − 2) = 1 SOL 3.in and get maximum available discount . Given transfer function is F (s) = F (s) = s (s + s + ) s (s + ) (s + ) SOL 3.nodia. No.i proportional to differentiation of c . so no. dia o . j0) So here phase margin = 0c Option (D) is correct. the initial value of f (t) is given by lim f (t) = 5 − 5 + 5 (1) = 0 2 2 t"0 Option (C) is correct. we get 5 F (s) = 5 − 5 + 2s s + 1 2 (s + 2) Taking inverse Laplace of F (s) we have f (t) = 5 u (t) − 5e− t + 5 e− 2t 2 2 SOL 3.57 By partial fraction.co. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.56 Option () is correct Phase margin of a system is the amount of additional phase lag required to bring the system to the point of instability or (− 1. GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.59 1 −4 − 4 − 6 = 2. Block diagram of the system is given as.58 So.5 −4 1 6 0 s0 6 There are two sign changes in the first column.60 Option (B) is correct. of right half poles is 2. s − s +s+ = 0 Applying Routh’s method. rotor displacement. s s s 1 SOL 3.C techo-meter output voltage is directly o. n In A.n e (t) \ d θ (t) w dt w dθ (t) e (t) = Kt dt O N w A I D Taking Laplace tranformation on both sides of above equation E (s) = Kt sθ (s) So transfer function E (s) T.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 296 t − e− t X t => − t H e SOL 3.

Unit . For the given system. .0 = lim s . c (t) = 12. P = 0.61 Option (A) is correct. 2 E s s"0 s + 12s + 100 For more GATE Resources. t"3 = 12. s =! 2 SOL 3. sI − A = 0 s (sI − A) = > H − > s s .7 # 5 = 2 + 25P or P = 0. ωn = K = 5 rad/sec (given) So.n A I D s − H = >− s H = s − =0 SOL 3.facebook. o c 1 + K (1 + sP) = 0 ia. Characteristic equation is given by.5 # 8 (s + 6) 2 + (8) 2 H (s) = lim y (t) = lim sY (s) = lim sH (s) R (s) s"0 s"0 100 1 = 1.63 Option (D) is correct. characteristic equation ican n be written as. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 297 From the figure we can see that C s = :R s s +R sD +R s s C s =R s : + + D s s C s = +s+s R s s SOL 3.2 so K = . H (s) = L c (t) s + s+ Steady state value of output for unit step input.62 Option (D) is correct. d s (s + 2) o s (s + ) + K ( + sP) = w 0w w s + s ( + KP) + K = 0 From the equation.com/gateec2014 .5e− 6t sin 8t . t $ So transfer function of the system. K= and 2ξωn = 2 + KP 2 # 0.impulse response of the system is given as.2 O N .

2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.in and get maximum available discount . d 2 x + dx + x = 12 (1 − e− 2t) dt dt 2 Taking Laplace transform on both side.nodia. A I D d co ia.64 Page 298 Option (A) is correct..co. Given open loop transfer function jaω + 1 G (jω) = (jω) 2 Gain crossover frequency (ωg) for the system. 2 E s (s + 2) GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.65 a ωg + = ωg ωg − a ωg − = 0 Phase margin of the system is O N ww no w.in . s2 X (s) + sX (s) + X (s) = 12 :1 − 1 D s s+2 (s2 + 6s + 5) X (s) = 12 . System response is.841 2 Option (C) is correct.. G (jωg) = 1 a ωg + − ωg =1 SOL 3. 1 So H (jω) ω = rad/sec = = 1 1+1 2 Phase response H (jω) = θh (ω) = 90c − tan− 1 (ω) θh (ω) ω = = 90c − tan− 1 (1) = 45c So the output of the system is y (t) = H (jω) x (t − θh) = 1 sin (t − 45c) 2 Option (C) is correct.(1) (2) SOL 3.66 φPM = 45c = 180c + +G (jωg) 45c = 180c + tan− 1 (ωg a) − 180c tan− 1 (ωg a) = 45c ωg a = 1 From equation (1) and (2) 1 −1−1 = 0 a a = 1 & a = 0. . H (s) = s s+ jω H (jω) = jω + Amplitude response ω ω+1 Given input frequency ω = 1 rad/sec. Given system equation is.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 3.

Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. ab + ω2 E > 0 b >a SOL 3. state of the system 0.co ab Pdi L o θh should be positive for phase lead .100H 2e SOL 3.facebook. ab + ω2 E K K1 + ω O O a.69 Option (B) is correct.4 2#5 Option (A) is correct. Since there is no external input. so state is given by X (t) = f (t) X (0) φ (t) "state transition matrix X "initial condition So e− x (t) = > e− t H> H 2e− 2t x (t) = > − t H 3e At t = . .GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 299 System transfer function is X s = s s+ s+ s+ Response of the system as t " 3 is given by lim f (t) = lim sF (s) (final value theorem) t"3 s"0 24 = lim s .ncompensation w w(b − a) ω w So.68 O N t A I D Option (A) is correct. Given equation d x + dx + x = 10 + 5e− 4t + 2e− 5t dt dt Taking Laplace on both sides we have For more GATE Resources. θh (ω) = tan− 1 a ω k − tan− 1 a ω k a b Jω − ωN −1 K a b O = tan−i1nω (b − a) = tan 2 . Transfer function of lead compensator is given by. K a1 + s k a H (s) = s a1 + b k R ω V S + j a a kW H (jω) = K S W ω W S + j a b kW S T X So. s"0 s (s + 2) (s + 5) (s + 1)E = SOL 3. θh (ω) = tan− 1 .271 2e− 2 x (t) t = = > − 1H = > 1.67 24 = 2. phase response of the compensator is.com/gateec2014 .

70 τ1 = 3 sec τ2 = 6 sec Option (A) is correct. s+ s+ + s s+ + s s+ X s = s s+ s + bs + s + l = s+ s+ + s s+ s+ + s s+ s s+ bs + lbs + l We know that for a system having many poles. Characteristic equation is given by Here 1 + G (s) H (s) = 0 H (s) = 1 G (s) = b (unity feedback) So. Poles nearest to imaginary axis s =− 1 .in and get maximum available discount . GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. So here time constant given by two poles which are nearest to imaginary axis. nearness of the poles towards imaginary axis in s -plane dominates the nature of time response. Steady state error for a system is given by sR (s) ess = lim . A I D ia SOL 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.nodia. s + lb s + l 1 + b 3 lb 15 l = 0 s + 15 s + 1 (s + 15) (s + 1) + 45 = 0 =0 s + s+ (s + 6) (s + 10) = 0 s =− 6.72 Option (A) is correct.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 300 s X s + sX s + X s = s + s+ + s+ + s s+ s+ s+ + s s+ (s2 + 1 s + 1 ) X (s) = 2 18 s s+ s+ System response is. − 10 SOL 3.71 %ess = 15 # 100 = 25% 60 Option (C) is correct.co. s =− 3 So.in s " 0 1 + G (s) H (s) . time constants ) SOL 3.co Where input R (s) = G (s) = b s+ H (s) = 1 So (unity feedback) sb 1 l s ess = lim = 15 = 15 60 15 + 45 45 s"0 1+ (s + 15) (s + 1) O N s lb s + l d (unit step) no w ww .

Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.74 System becomes unstable if K − 48 = 0 & K = 8 6 Option (A) is correct. in Characteristic equation of the system is given co.facebook.com/gateec2014 .5a is gain(dB) ω = 0. dω = x dt ω =x So state equation is o =− B x − K x + K Va x J LJ LJ o = dω = x x dt In matrix form So matrix P is o K LJ x − B J − K LJ x >o H = > >x H + > H Va H x R V Sd ω W S dt W = P >dωH + QVa dt S dω W S dt W T X > SOL 3.5a is given by 1 + ω2 a (0.73 −B J −K Option (C) is correct.5a = 20 log K − 20 log 2 For more GATE Resources.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 301 Given equation can be written as.1 + E a2 = 20 log K − 0. d ω =− β dω − K ω + K V J dt LJ LJ a dt Here state variables are defined as. by di 1 + GH = 0 o n w.5a) 2 1/2 = 20 log K − 20 log . Here exact gain(dB) at ω = 0. 1 6 K − 48 6 K SOL 3. The maximum error between the exact and asymptotic plot occurs at corner frequency. K w = 0 1+ s (s + 2) (s + 4) w s (s + ) (s + ) + K = 0 s + s + s+K = 0 Applying routh’s criteria for stability s s s s 1 O N 8 K A I D LJ H a.96 Gain(dB) calculated from asymptotic plot at ω = 0.

no d sw w w1 bs l G = = s+ 1 + b 1 l 12 s Further reducing the block diagram.5a) is − 22.co. o = AX X = GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.5a l =− 26.5c Error in phase angle =− 22.56c a a Phase angle calculated from asymptotic plot at (ω = 0.96) dB = 0.in and get maximum available discount . Given block diagram Given block diagram can be reduced as 3 = s+ 1 1 + b l .96 dB Similarly exact phase angle at ω = 0.in 2G1 G2 1 + (2G1 G2) 9 (2) b 1 lb 1 l s + 3 s + 12 = 1 + (2) b 1 lb 1 l (9) s + 3 s + 12 SOL 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.5a is.56c) = 4. a =− tan− 1 a ω k =− tan− 1 b 0.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 302 = 20 log K Error in gain (dB) = 20 log K − (20 log K − 0.5 − (− 26. .75 Option (B) is correct.76 2 = (s + 3) (s + 12) + 18 s + s+ 1 2 = = s (s + 9) (s + 6) 27 a1 + ka1 + s k 9 6 Option (C) is correct.nodia. Given state equation is.9c SOL 3. Where O N G = 1 bs l Y (s) = A I D co ia. θh (ω) ω = .

sI − A = 0 n o. so the system is uncontrollable. (4) Angle of asymptotes is given by (2q + 1) 1 0c .H. SOL 3. sX s − X = AX s (sI − A) X (s) = X X s = (sI − A) − 1 X (0) = Φ (s) X (0) Where φ (t) = L.i s c . 1 n−m So the two asymptotes are at an angle of (i) (2 # 0 + 1) 180c = 90c 2 (2 # 1 + 1) 180c (ii) = 270c 2 (5) The asymptotes intersect on real axis at a point given by For more GATE Resources.S Poles in the system so it is unstable. w s− w − => ws − H sI − A = (s − 2) (s − 5) = 0 s= .77 Option (B) is correct.1 [Φ (s)] = L− 1 [(sI − A) − 1] is defined as state transition matrix SOL 3.com/gateec2014 .s= There are two R. root loci terminates (K = 3) at infinity.facebook. s = (2) So the root loci starts (K = 0) from s = 0 and s = 0 (3) As there is no open-loop zero. State equation of the system is given as. B = > H 0 5 Check for controllability: 2 3 1 2 AB = > H> H = > H 0 5 0 0 1 2 U = [B : AB] = > H 0 0 U = (1 # 0 − 2 # 0) = 0 Matrix U is singular. Check for Stability: Characteristic equation of the system is obtained as. q = 0. s no of zeroes = 0 For plotting root locus: (1) Poles lie at s1.78 O N A I D Option (B) is correct. no of poles = 2 G (s) = K . Given open loop transfer function.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 303 Taking Laplace transform on both sides of the equation. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. (sI − A) = > H − > H ia s d no . o = >2 3H X + >1H u X 0 5 0 Here 2 3 A = > H.

F = = 2 o n U (s) (s + s) w. Y (s) G (s) = = C (sI − A) − B U (s) s [sI − A ] = > (sI − A) − 1 = s− H => So. d y dy = du + u + dt dt dt Taking Laplace transform on both sides. Y (s) U (s) Y (s) U (s) (s − 4) 0 1 > 0 (s − 2)H (s − 2) (s − 4) R V S 1 0 W (s − 2) W =S S 1 W S 0 (s − 4)W T X R V R V S 1 W S 1 0 W1 (s − 2) S(s − 2)W W = [4 0] S S 1 W>1H = [4 0] S 1 W S(s − 4)W S 0 (s − 4)W T X X T 4 = (s − 2) GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1.i c . System is described as.nodia. B = > H. we have 2 0 A = > H.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 304 x= / oles − / e os = 0−0 = 0 n−m 2 =0 1+K s2 K =− s dK =− 2s = 0 & s = ds (6) Break away points So the root locus plot is.79 Option (A) is correct.80 w Option (A) is correct.in and get maximum available discount . C = 0 4 O N w − sH > A I D . s− H We know that transfer function of the system is given by.co. Y (s) (s + 2) dia T. SOL 3. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. SOL 3. s Y (s) + sY (s) = sU (s) + U (s) (s2 + s) Y (s) = (s + 2) U (s) n So. the transfer function is o. Here.

output is obtained as d y dy + + y =0 dt dt s Y (s) + sY (s) + 2 Taking Laplace transform (with initial conditions) [s2 Y (s) − sy (0) − y' (0)] + 2 [sY (s) − y (0)] + 10Y (s) = 0 Given that y ( ) =− .GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 305 Here input is unit impulse so U s = Y s = 4 (s − 2) y t = 4e2t SOL 3.facebook. Y (s) = 5sU (s) − 3U (s) (s + 2s + 10) Y (s) = (5s − 3) U (s) (5s − 3) Output Y (s) = 2 U (s) (s + 2s + 10) With no input and with given initial conditions. λ2. =S 1 W ww S 0 0 −λ W w S 0 0 0 1 − λW T X A − λI = λ3 (1 − λ) = 0 λ1. λ4 = 1 O N A I D or SOL 3.i c − λ 1 0 0 . λ3 = 0 . Input-output relationship is given as d y dy + + y = 5 du − 3u dt dt dt Taking Laplace transform on both sides with zero initial condition.81 and output Taking inverse Laplace transfer we get output Option (D) is correct. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. S W ia S 0 −λ 1 0 nW od . y ( ) = [s2 Y (s) − s − (− 4)] + 2 (s − 1) + 10Y (s) = 0 For more GATE Resources. Given state equation R V S0 1 0 0W S W o = S0 0 1 0W X X S0 0 0 1W S0 0 0 1W T X R V S0 1 0 0W S0 0 1 0W Here A =S W S0 0 0 1W S0 0 0 1W T obtained X as Eigen value can be A − λI = 0 R V R V S0 1 0 0W Sλ 0 0 0W S0 0 1 0W S0 λ 0 0W (A − λI) = S W−S W S0 0 0 1W S0 0 λ 0W S0 0 0 1W S0 0 0 λW T X T X n R V o.82 Option (A) is correct.com/gateec2014 .

ww A I D n n .(2) O N dy t − yw le dt o1 o. input is u t = 1 :δ (t) − 5 e3/5t u (t)D 5 5 = 1 δ (t) − 7 e3/5t u (t) 5 25 SOL 3. > o H = A >x H + Bu ia x od .co.nodia.. : D dt dt = u (t) − dy t e + 2yet − yet dt .i x1 x c . 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. x = b dx1 = dy = x e− t + y = x e− t + x 1 dt dt dx1 = x + x e− t + ( ) u (t) or 1 dt Similarly 2 dx2 = d y et + dy et − et dy − yet dt dt dt dt 2 d 2y Put from equation (1) dt 2 dx2 = u (t) e− t − dy + 2y et − yet So..in and get maximum available discount ..(3) GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1..GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 306 = (s − 2) (s − 2) Y s = 2 (s + 2s + 10) Output in both cases are same so (5s − 3) (s − 2) U (s) = 2 (s2 + 2s + 10) (s + 2s + 10) Y s s + s+ U s = (s − 2) (5s − 10) =1 5 (5s − 3) (5s − 3) (5s − 3) 7 = 1= − 5 5s − 3 (5s − 3)G 7 U s = 1 .(1) = u (t) − x2 e− t + y et + yet = u (t) − x2 dx2 = 0 − x + u (t) 2 dt From equation (2) and (3) state variable representation is o1 0 x 1 e− t x 1 >o H = > >x H + >1H u (t) H x2 0 −1 2 ..1 − 5 (5s − 3)E Taking inverse Laplace transform.83 Option (C) is correct.. d y dy + − y = u (t) e− t dt dt State variable representation is given as o = AX + Bu X Or Here x1 = y .

sX (s) − X ( ) = AX (s) For more GATE Resources.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia SOL 3. Break away points dα = 0 ds So α =− 1 [s3 + 12s2 + 22s] 2 dα =− 1 [3s2 + 24s + 22] = 0 2 ds s s =− 1.com/gateec2014 .c dia o.86 C = 0 − 2 − 10 − 0 =− 4 3−0 Option (C) is correct. Characteristic equation of the system 1 + G (s) = 0 2 (s + α) =0 1+ s (s + 2) (s + 10) ) + (s + α) = 0 s + s + s+ s+ α = 0 s + s + s+ α = 0 2α =0 1+ 3 s + 12s2 + 22s No of poles n = 3 No.84 Page 307 Option (B) is correct. of zeros m = 0 Angle of asymptotes ( q+ ) c φA = q= n−m φA = (2q + 1) 180c = (2q + 1) 60c 3 s (s + ) (s + φA = 60c. 300c SOL 3. 180c. ww A I D no . SOL 3. − 6. where A = >− X − H Taking Laplace transform on both sides.9433 O N w . Option (A) is correct. Asymptotes intercepts at real axis at the point / real arts of oles − / real arts of zeros C = n−m in Poles at s =0 s =− 2 s =− 10 SOL 3. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www.88 Option ( ) is correct.85 Option (A) is correct.87 SOL 3.facebook. Given state equation o = >− 3 1 H X X 0 −2 Or o = AX .056.

GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 308 X s sI − A = X X s = (sI − A) − 1 X (0) Steady state value of X is given by xss = lim sX (s) = lim s (sI − A) − 1 X (0) s"0 s"0 s (sI − A) = > (sI − A− 1) = − −> H s s+ => H − − s+ H SOL 3. dB/dec. Open loop transfer function of the system is G (s) = G (jω) = Magnitude 4 s (s + 4 )2 )2 = 4 jω ( − ω2 + j2 ω) 10 4 G (jω) = ω (100 − ω2) 2 + 400ω2 jω (jω + At ω = 20 rad/sec GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. Then slope increased by − 20 dB/dec. Initial slope of the bode plot is − 40 c o.co.n changes by + 20 dB/dec.1. diaat ω = 2 rad/sec. of poles at origin is 2. 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www. so 5K 54 = 20 log (0. Transfer function K (s + ) H (s) = 2 s (s + 2) (s + 2 ) At ω = 0.1) 2 (2) (25) O N 2 A I D K = 50 H (s) = SOL 3. so one poles lies at this o . gain is 54 dB.89 s+2 1 1 > 0 s + 3H (s + 3) (s + 2) R V 1 S 1 W (s + 3) (s + 2) (s + 3)W S =S W 1 S 0 (s + 2) W T value X So the steady state R V 1 S 1 W (s + 3) (s + 2) (s + 3)W 10 S xss = lim s S W>− 10H 1 s"0 S 0 (s + 2) W T XV R 10 10 S W − 0 (s + 3) (s + 2) (s + 3)W S => H = lim s S W 0 s"0 − 10 S W (s + 2) T X Option (D) is correct.in and get maximum available discount .nodia. At ω = 5 rad/sec slope w ww slope decrease by − 20 dB/dec at ω = 25 so one lying at this frequency. so there is one zero frequency. n So no. Further pole of the system is lying at this frequency.i .90 5 (s + 5) s (s + 2) (s + 25) Option (B) is correct.

97 dB 5 Option (B) is correct. So this is the gain cross-over frequency ωg = 20 rad/sec Phase margin φPM = 180c + +G (jωg) 20 ωg +G (jωg) =− 90c − tan− 1 = 2G 100 − ωg φPM = 180 − 90c − tan− 1 .n w 1 Gain margin in dB = 20 log 10 e ww G (jωp) o 10 4 G (jωp) = G (j ) = 10 (100 − 100) 2 + 400 (10) 2 SOL 3. dia 100 − ω2 p = 0 & ωp = 10orad/sec. To calculate the gain margin. Since gain margin and phase margin are negative. Mock Test and Study material join the community http://www. Option (C) is correct. Root-loci starts( K = ) at s = .com/gateec2014 . Since G (j ω) = at ω = 20 rad/sec.i 100 − ω2 p c . so the system is unstable. At phase cross over frequency +G (jωp) =− 180c 20ωp − 90c − tan− 1 = G =− 180c 100 − ω2 p 20ωp n tan− 1 = G = 90c o. = 20 log 10 b 1 l =− 13.91 Option (C) is correct.M. s = and s =− SOL 3.94 For more GATE Resources.facebook.GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 309 10 4 20 9 # 10 4 + 16 # 10 4 10 4 =1 = 20 # 5 # 102 Magnitude in dB = 20 log 10 G (j20) = 20 log 10 1 = 0 dB G j = SOL 3. Given characteristic equation s + s + Ks + K = 0 K (s + 1) =0 1+ 3 s + s2 K (s + 1) =0 1+ 2 s (s + 2) so open loop transfer function is K (s + ) G (s) = s (s + ) root-locus is obtained in following steps: 1.86c Option (C) is correct. 20 # 20 2 E 100 − (20) =− 36. .92 O N = A I D SOL 3. first we have to obtain phase cross over frequency (ωp).93 10 4 =5 10 # 2 # 102 G.

4. . 2 & 3) by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Buy online at www.nodia.5 = 3−1 *********** O N ww no w. There is one zero at s =− .GATE Electrical Engineering Topicwise Solved Paper by RK Kanodia & Ashish Murolia Page 310 2.m = Break . 3.in and get maximum available discount . no of zeros .co. so one of root-loci terminates at s =− other two terminates at infinity No. of poles n = 3 .in GATE MCQ Electrical Engineering (Vol-1. A I D d co ia.Away points and dK = 0 ds Asymptotes meets on real axis at a point C / poles − / zeros C = n−m (0 + 0 − 2) − (− 1) =− 0.