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Chemistry

A branch of Physical Science that studies composition, structure, properties, classification and changes that matter undergoes

Nuclear Chemistry-study of the nucleus in the atom including nuclear reactions Radio Chemistry-study of radioactive isotopes Industrial Chemistry-study of how products are produced in the industry and its industrial form Environmental Chemistry-study of chemicals that cause pollution Geo Chemistry- study how minerals are formed Electro Chemistry- study of the flow of electrons

Branches of Chemistry

1. Organic Chemistry
is the study of matter that contains carbon Organic chemists study the structure, function, synthesis, and identity of carbon compounds Useful in petroleum industry, pharmaceuticals, polymers

2. Inorganic Chemistry
is the study of matter that does NOT contain carbon Inorganic chemists study the structure, function, synthesis, and identity of noncarbon compounds Polymers, Metallurgy

3. Biochemistry
is the study of chemistry in living things Cross between biology and chemistry Pharmaceuticals and genetics

4. Physical Chemistry
study of physical characteristics of matter and its transformation from one form to another including its energy Much of p-chem is computational Develop theoretical ideas for new compounds

5. Analytical Chemistry
is the study of high precision measurement Find composition and identity of chemicals Forensics, quality control, medical tests

Why do we need to study chemistry?

CHEMISTRY community
In our

The Chemical Universe


Chemistry is the study of atoms Atoms are the building blocks of nature

How many atoms are there in a cup of tea? 15 ,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000


Chemical Science is shaping our future

Chemistry of Flowers
Smell a Flower
The Fragrance is Chemistry

See a Flower
The Colours are Chemistry

Touch a Flower
The Structure is Chemistry

Chemistry in the Home


Everything in your home is Chemistry Shower Gel, Wallpaper, Baked Beans Teflon was discovered by accident

Energy efficient, colour changing buildings

Paints
Pigment
Particles to add colour

Matte Paints
Particles to add texture

Non-Drip Paints
Polymers to change consistency

Improved Performance
Our leisure time has been changed by Chemical Science Computer parts, sports equipment Carbon fibre is 3 times stronger than steel Better flat screen displays

Flat Screen Displays


The past
Cathode ray tubes

The present
Liquid Crystals Plasma displays

The future
Light emitting polymers Electronic Ink

Modern Masters
Art and the Chemical Sciences are linked Art preservation Chemistry is art
Sense-ational Visual Elements

New materials for artists

Photography
Chemistry makes the film Chemistry develops the image Chemistry prints the picture

Cooking is Chemistry
Chemical changes are responsible for changes in flavour and texture Chemistry keeps food fresh Most E-numbers are naturally occurring Healthy Cream Cakes!

Ice Cream
Complex Structure
Ice Fat Air Sugar

Stability

Energy is Chemistry
Chemistry can be used to store energy Batteries are chemistry The Space Shuttles solid rockets burn 10 tonnes of fuel per second

Cleaner sources of energy

Petrol
Drilling Fluids Refining Fuel Additives Catalytic Converters

Green Chemistry
Chemical science that is environmentally friendly More efficient production of the chemicals we need 53% of people recycle paper - only 23% recycle plastic

Cars powered by hydrogen

Organic Farming
Use of natural pesticides and fertilisers Chemists isolate, develop and make these Even organic pesticides are chemicals!

Fashion
Looking good is down to chemical science 2-in-1 shampoos, non-iron shirts Toothpaste and paint have many similar ingredients Self-cleaning clothes

Synthetic Dyes
Desired Colour Dye fastness Novel properties

Healthier Lives
All medicines use chemical science Clean water through chemical science We live twice as long now as 100 years ago Cures for Cancer, AIDS

Asthma Drugs
Container
Plastic shell

Active Ingredient
Pharmaceutical

Spray Formation
Aerosol

Image courtesy of GlaxoSmithKline

Biochemistry
Human body is made up of 100 trillion cells Adult body is 50-65% water Carbon is key element in the body 22 amino acid structures

Body chemistry
Proteins-digest foods, fight infections, build organs, move muscles Enzymes are proteins Blood and oxygen DNA-genetic molecule

Chemistry...
... is important to us all is the world around us

is more than you might have thought is always looking to the future

Filipino Chemists

Felix Maramba-biogas Alfredo Santos medicinal plants Julian Banzon-renewable chemicals and fuel Clara Lim Sylianco- mutagens and antimutagens Rufino Linag cloth factory William Padolina - academician