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WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

PURPOSE
The purpose of this procedure is to describe the method used by WaterDraws, LLC to determine the Base Volume of a prover using "Waterdraw" calibration techniques.

SCOPE
This procedure is applicable for establishing or re-establishing the Base Volume of bi-directional or unidirectional mechanical displacement meter provers. This procedure complies with the American etroleum !nstitute "A !# $anual of etroleum $easurement %tandards "$ $%# &hapter '( roving %ystems( %ection )( ipe rovers " rovers Accumulating at *east +,(,,, ulses#( )nd -dition( $arch ),,+( and A ! $ $% &hapter+)( &alculation of etroleum .uantities( %ection )( &alculation of etroleum .uantities /sing 0ynamic $easurement $ethods and Volumetric &orrection 1actors( art '( &alculation of Base rover Volumes by the Waterdraw $ethod( +st -dition( 0ecember +223.
PROCEDURE

+.,

0efinitions +.+ The Base rover Volume "B V# of a unidirectional pipe prover is defined as the oneway volume between the detectors of the calibrated measuring section at standard temperature and pressure "e.g.( 4, degrees 1 and , psig in /.%. &ustomary /nits# +.) The Base rover Volume "B V# of a bi-directional pipe prover is defined as the round trip volume between the detectors of the calibrated measuring section a

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

standard temperature and pressure "e.g.( 4, degrees 1 and , psig in /.%. &ustomary /nits#. )., 5equired -quipment 6 7!%T &alibrated 1ield %tandard Test $easures 6 Water ump 6 Test %tand with appropriate piping and controls 6 %ump 5eservoir 6 8ne "+# &alibrated ressure 9auge 6 Two ")# &ertified Thermometers 6 !nterconnecting :oses or iping 6 %top Watch or wrist watch with seconds counter ).+ 1ield %tandard Test $easures; !n the /nited %tates( the 7ational !nstitute of %tandards and Technology "7!%T# must calibrate the field standard test measures used for waterdraw calibrations. The <ero mar= on the nec= scale indicates the certified volume of the test measure at standard conditions or the Base rover Volume "B$V#. The liquid level is read in a hori<ontal plane that is level with the bottom of the meniscus of the liquid in the sight glass. -ach field standard test measure is calibrated with a "to contain" volume and>or a "to deliver" volume( and both are mar=ed accordingly and as applicable on the 7!%T 5eport of &alibration for the test measure. The test measure volume that is used by WaterDraws, LLC for this procedure is always the "to deliver" volume. The drain time for any given test measure is stated on the 7!%T 5eport of &alibration. 1or any test measure that is drained by inverting the measure at an angle of appro?imately 3, degrees from hori<ontal "usually with a capacity of +, gallons less#( the normally prescribed drain time after the main flow ceases is ten "+,# seconds. 1or any test measure that is drained by opening a bottom drain valve "usually with a capacity of +, gallons or more#( the normally prescribed drain time after the main flow ceases is thirty

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

"@,# seconds. !t is required that before any test measure is used for a calibration pass( it be filled and drained in the prescribed manner shortly before beginning the calibration pass. The number and si<e of required test measures will vary according to prover si<e. &onsult WaterDraws, LLC for an appropriate si<e combination for a given prover application. ).) Water ump; The water pump>motor combination must be of sufficient capacity "delivery rate and pressure# to be able to push the displacer sphere smoothly through the prover. ).@ Test %tand with Appropriate iping and &ontrols; The test stand piping arrangement and

manifold for distributing the filling valves overhead the various test measures( also includes a solenoid valve( and an electrical control and indicator bo?. The solenoid valve is used to control the start and finish of the Waterdraw. A relay interface is required between +),V solenoid and the +)-)' volt signal to the detector switches. +), volts run through the detector switches may cause switch damage. ).' 6

%ump 5eservoir; The sump reservoir is the container that water is drawn from by the pump. The test measures may drain to the sump. The sump capacity should be at least +.A times the capacity of the test measures in order to prevent air from being pumped into the prover.

).A

ressure 9auge; A calibrated pressure gauge( accurate to within B or - + psi from <ero to the ma?imum pumping pressure( is used to determine the waterdraw system pressure which is measured at the waterdraw test stand.

).4

&alibrated or Verified Thermometers; &alibrated or verified thermometers( with discriminations of ,.+ degrees 1 and scale increments of ,.) degrees 1( and traceable to an 7!%T certified thermometer( are used to measure the water temperature of the water

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

in the field standard test measure and the prover. 5egarding the prover temperature( only the prover outlet temperature( ta=ing near the beginning of any given calibration pass( is used in the calculation of Base rover Volume( but the inlet temperature might also be monitored in order to determine the relative stability of the temperature across the system. %ee A ! $ $% &hapter 3 for information on the proper use of thermometers. ).3 !nterconnecting :oses or iping; This piping can be either hoses or pipe that connect the water draw system to the inlet and outlet of the prover. !f hoses are used they should be of a rigid type that does not collapse under vacuum( and they should be protected from being stepped on( driven over( or even moved during any waterdraw calibration pass. Waterdraw hoses and piping between the prover outlet and the waterdraw stand must be completely free of lea=s. ).C %top watch or wristwatch with second counter; The stop watch should be verified prior to use. !t is used to measure the prescribed drain time( which is that time between the cessation of the main flow while the field standard test measure is being emptied and the closing of the drain valve "in a bottom drain type measure#. @., reparation @.+ !f the prover has previously been in service( it must be thoroughly cleaned of product prior to hoo=-up of test stand apparatus. %everal flushing e?ercises may be necessary with clean diesel fuel or suds-less detergent mi?ed with fresh water followed by fresh water rinsing. !t is essential that no hydrocarbon liquids be present in the prover or in any au?iliary piping that is under pressure during the waterdraw calibration. The prover must be completely isolated from upstream and downstream piping by means of bubble tight double bloc= and bleed valves and>or blinds.

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

@.)

7o crude( refined products or sudsy agents should remain in the prover or test stand apparatus during

the Waterdraw. !nspect prover internals for damage or foreign material. @.@ Visually inspect each test measure to verify no dents or other damage has occurred which might affect the test measure volume. &hec= also to assure no foreign obDects are inside the measure. Verify that the internal surfaces of the test measure are clean and free of any residual buildup. 1oreign material can displace liquid and also change the drain down characteristics of the test measure. @.' @.A Verify that all test measure 7!%T seals and tags are intact. When the test measure is full( verify that there are no lea=s around the sight glass and the bottom drain valve. @.4 *evel the test stand at a 2, by 2, and all the test measures at a 2, by 2, using a torpedo level.

@.3 !f a prover sphere displacer is used( the sphere must be inflated to provide a lea=proof seal against the inside diameter of the prover piping. !t is essential that all air inside the sphere be vented. /nless otherwise specified by customer specifications( sphere over inflation shall not e?ceed +,E. The following over inflation percentages are suggested;

4" through +)" +4 F )," through )'" @," @4" through ')"

%pheres %pheres %pheres %pheres %pheres

@E to 'E ma? @.AE to 'E ma?. 'E AE 4-CE

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

@.C

!f a sphere type displacer is used( visually inspect the sphere for splits( cuts( lea=s( and other defects( which might affect prover performance. &hec= for lea=age from the inflation plug. 5eplace spheres that are damaged( defective or lea=ing. $easure the diameter in two perpendicular planes to determine relative roundness.

@.2

!f a piston displacer is used( visually inspect the seals for cuts( tears( wear( etc. which might affect the prover performance. 5eplace the seals if necessary. Visually inspect prover barrel for damage or foreign material.

@.+,

rior to inserting the displacer into the prover( it may be coated thoroughly with a thin coating of a water resistance lubricant. -?cessive lubricant should be avoided so that the test measures do not become coated. &are should be e?ercised to prevent dirt and other foreign material from entering the prover.

@.++

&onnect the waterdraw test stand interconnecting hoses to the prover. This may be done at the prover '-way valve( special waterdraw connections or other convenient upstream and downstream connections. !n the case of a unidirectional prover( a small au?iliary '-way may be used to assist in positioning the displacer near the first detector for a calibration pass. !n that case( the au?iliary '-way valve would be hoo=ed up with its inlet connected to the pump discharge( its outlet connected to the inlet to the waterdraw test stand( and the other two ports connected to the prover launching chambers. An au?iliary '-way valve can also be used to good advantage( when calibrating unidirectional provers( to position the displacer near the first detector in the same way as done with a bi-directional prover

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

@.+)

1ill the prover( interconnecting hoses and waterdraw test stand reservoir with fresh de-aerated water. 0uring filling all high point vents must be open until all air is evacuated. &hec= entire system for lea=s and correct if necessary. Verify that the hoses( valves( etc. are in a position or barricaded to prevent movement( tampering or being stepped on during a measured run. This can prevent erroneous data.

@.+@ @.+'

&onnect power supply to the test stand and to the water circulation pump. &onnect two detector cables to the waterdraw test stand. !dentify which cable lights up the "A" actuation light on the control panel when the cable is shorted at the other end and label that cable as the "A" detector cable. !dentify which cable lights up the "B" actuation light on the control panel when the cable is shorted at the other end and label that cable as the "B" detector cable. Verify that the solenoid valve is operational for both cables. &onnect the assigned detector that is closer to the :8$--position launching chamber to the "A" detector cable and consider that detector to be Detector A for this calibration. &onnect the assigned detector that is closer to the AWAG-position launching chamber to the "B" detector cable and consider that detector to be 0etector B for this calibrate

@.+A Turn the pump on to pressure up the system( and slowly open the inlet and outlet prover valves so that the entire prover system( up to the waterdraw test stand( is filled and under pressure. Vent all high points in the prover system until any air is displaced.

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

'.,

&alibration Trial 5uns '.+ The trial runs serve several purposes; 6 6 6 6 '.) Aid determination of si<e and number of measures Wets down measures ermits evacuation of airH and Allows operators to "practice"

0etermine the number and si<e of test measures to be used during any given pass of the displacer for prover calibration. To ma=e this determination( the appro?imate prover volume must be =nown. The appro?imate volume can be obtained from the previous calibration certification( engineering drawings or by calculation. The number and si<e of test measures should be selected from those available to minimi<e the number of test measure filling "draws# and to =eep the displacer moving steadily as much as possible.

'.@

With the prover '-way valve in the REVERSE position( open the waterdraw test stand discharge to reservoir valve to begin circulating water through the entire prover and waterdraw test stand system. This will =eep the displacer in the :8$--position launching chamber. The HOME position is normally on the right( when standing away from the prover( at the launching chamber end of the prover.

'.'

&lose the discharge to reservoir valve. Vent all high points in the entire prover and waterdraw test stand system to displace any air in the system. 8pen the solenoid isolation valve to allow water to pass through the solenoid valve for a time. Then close the solenoid isolation valve. With the test measure bottom drain valves open( open all the test measure filling valves briefly to displace any air

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

trapped in the filling valve cavities. Then close the bottom drain valves on all the test measures. &hec= the entire system for e?ternal and internal lea=s. '.A &ycle the '-way valve to the 185WA50 position and vent the double bloc= and bleed to chec= for seal. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve so that the displacer will begin moving toward Detector A in the OUT direction. When the displacer passes Detector A, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. Allow the flow to continue towards Detector B on this pass. When the displacer passes Detector B, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. &ontinue the circulation until the displacer has had time to reach the AWAG-position launching chamber. When the displacer has reached the AWAG-position launching chamber( close the discharge to reservoir valve and vent all high points in the system. &hec= all valves and connections for e?ternal and internal lea=s. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve to allow circulation for temperature stability. '.4 &ycle the '-way valve to the REVERSE position and vent the double bloc= and bleed to chec= for seal. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve so that the displacer will begin moving toward Detector B i the BAC! direction. When the displacer passes Detector B, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. Allow the flow to continue towards Detector A on this pass. When the displacer passes Detector A, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. &ontinue the circulation until the displacer has had time to reach the :8$--position launching chamber. When the displacer has reached the :8$--position launching chamber( close the discharge to reservoir valve and vent all high points in the system. &hec= all

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

valves and connections for e?ternal and internal lea=s. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve to allow circulation for temperature stability. '.3 5epeat %teps '.A and '.4 until there is no sign of air in the system. Air must be purged at all high points "not Dust the highest point# including those in any au?iliary piping or "dead legs" that are under pressure during the waterdraw calibration. "#$ Co %&cti ' t(e OUT Pass) &ycle the '-way valve to the FORWARD position. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve so that the displacer will begin moving toward Detector A in the OUT direction. When the displacer passes Detector A, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. Allow the flow to continue until the actuation light turns off( and shortly thereafter close the discharge to reservoir valve. &ycle the '-way valve to the REVERSE position. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve so the displacer will begin moving towards Detector A i the BAC! direction. When the displacer passes Detector A, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. Allow the flow to continue until the actuation light turns off( and shortly thereafter close the discharge to reservoir valve. &ycle the '-way valve to the FORWARD position and vent the double bloc= and bleed to chec= for seal. 8pen the solenoid isolation valve to allow water to flow through the tubing into the reservoir. When Detector A is actuated the solenoid valve closes( the flow is therefore stopped and the displacer is at the leading edge of the prover section to be calibrated. &lose the solenoid to reservoir isolation valve. 1illing and draining the test measures can now commence. When the displacer gets near to Detector B, open the solenoid tubing valve that is overhead the last test measure being filled for this calibration pass. As the water level gets near the top nec= of this test measure( the larger filling valve will be slowly closed until all the flow into the test

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

measure is going through the solenoid tubing valve. The flow will stop automatically when the displacer actuates Detector B# &lose the solenoid tubing valve while the last test measure stabili<es( and open the main circulation valve to allow the displacer to travel to the AWAGposition launching chamber while reading the liquid level of the last test measure and determining its temperature. This completes the 8/T pass. When the displacer has reached the AWA*-position launching chamber( close the discharge to reservoir valve and vent all high points in the system. &hec= all valves and connections for e?ternal and internal lea=s. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve to allow circulation for temperature stability. '.2 Co %&cti ' t(e BAC! Pass) &ycle the '-way valve to the REVERSE position. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve so that the displacer will begin moving toward Detector B i the BAC! direction. When the displacer passes Detector B, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. Allow the flow to continue until the actuation light turns off( and shortly thereafter close the discharge to reservoir valve. &ycle the '-way valve to the FORWARD position. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve so the displacer will begin moving towards Detector B in the OUT direction. When the displacer passes Detector B, the actuation light on the control panel( for that detector( will be turned on briefly while the switch maintains contact. Allow the flow to continue until the actuation light turns off( and shortly thereafter close the discharge to reservoir valve. &ycle the '-way valve to the REVERSE position and vent the double bloc= and bleed to chec= for seal. 8pen the solenoid isolation valve to allow water to flow through the tubing into the reservoir. When Detector B is actuated the solenoid valve closes( the flow is therefore stopped and the displacer is at the leading edge of the prover section to be calibrated. &lose the solenoid to reservoir isolation valve. 1illing and draining

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

the test measures can now commence. When the displacer gets near to Detector A, open the solenoid tubing valve that is overhead the last test measure being filled for this calibration pass. As the water level gets near the top nec= of this test measure( the larger filling valve will be slowly closed until all the flow into the test measure is going through the solenoid tubing valve. The flow will stop automatically when the displacer actuates Detector A# &lose the solenoid tubing valve while the last test measure stabili<es( and open the main circulation valve to allow the displacer to travel to the :8$--position launching chamber while reading the liquid level of the last test measure and determining its temperature. This completes the BAC! pass. When the displacer has reached the HOME-position launching chamber( close the discharge to reservoir valve and vent all high points in the system. &hec= all valves and connections for e?ternal and internal lea=s. 8pen the discharge to reservoir valve to allow circulation for temperature stability. '.+, 1illing and draining the test measures; 8pen the filling valve for the first test measure to be filled. When it is almost full( begin filling a second measure if possible while slowly closing the filling valve for the first measure. When the first test measure is full and its filling valve closed( verify that the test measure itself is level. When the liquid level has stabili<ed( read and record the liquid level in the test measure at a plane level with the bottom of the meniscus. Then drain the measure in the prescribed manner while continuing to fill the second measure. 8nce the bottom drain valve has been closed at the end of the prescribed drain time( it is available for refilling as needed. Alternate between the first and second measure or some other combination in such a way as to =eep the displacer moving as much of the time as possible at a steady flow rate until near the second detector for this pass. !f it is necessary to stop the flow "e.g.( calibrating a prover with a single pass volume of +A,, gallons with one A,,-gallon test measure#( do

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

so smoothly but decisively. 0o not slow to a tric=le at any time e?cept when approaching the detector through the solenoid valve. 7ormally( the larger of the test measures would be used for both starting and ending a calibration pass. '.++ The sca+e i cre,e ts for reading a test measure gauge glass are different according to the test measure si<e. 7ormally( test measure increments are as follows; 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 '.+) A,,-9allon Test $easure; ),,-9allon Test $easure; +,,-9allon Test $easure; A,-9allon Test $easure; @,-9allon Test $easure; +,-9allon Test $easure; A-9allon Test $easure +-9allon Test $easure; )A &ubic !nches +, &ubic !nches A &ubic !nches ) &ubic !nches ) &ubic !nches + &ubic !nch + &ubic !nch + &ubic !nch "5ead to nearest A., &u. !n.# "5ead to nearest )., &u. !n.# "5ead to nearest +., &u. !n.# "5ead to nearest ,.A &u. !n.# "5ead to nearest ,.A &u. !n.# "5ead to nearest ,.) &u. !n.# "5ead to nearest ,.) &u. !n.# "5ead to nearest ,.) &u. !n.#

0etermining the prover pressure; While flow is going only through the solenoid valve and the displacer is approaching the first detector for any given calibration pass( read and record the starting prover pressure using the pressure gauge on the waterdraw calibration stand. 5ead the pressure to the nearest whole + psig.

'.+@

0etermining the prover temperature; 1or each calibration pass( read and record the prover temperature at the beginning of the pass. This means that the temperature is to read after it has stabili<ed but before the displacer has gone +>@ of the way to the second detector for the pass. The temperature is to be read on the downstream side of the prover using a thermowell appropriate to the

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

dimensions of the pipe and the thermometer. '.+'

5ead the temperature to the nearest ,.+ degrees 1.

Verifying that the test measure is level; !t is necessary that the test measures be level whenever full and at the time of reading the liquid level. !nitially this can be done with a machinist type spirit level across the nec= of the test measure( in two hori<ontal directions that are 2, degrees apart. *evels attached permanently on the test measure can be used for the same purpose once it is verified that they agree with the level across the nec= or they have 7!%T seals intact.

'.+A

0etermining the test measure temperature; 5ead and record the measure temperature either by immersion into the measure before draining the measure( or by immersion into the discharge stream while draining the measure. A cup case is normally used for either method. When determining the temperature of a measure that does not have a bottom drain valve( the thermometer is immersed halfway into the test measure. This done after the liquid level is read but before the draining has begun( while stirring slightly( and held long enough to stabili<e before removing and reading the temperature. When determining the temperature of a measure that does have a bottom drain valve( the thermometer is immersed into the flowing discharge water( while draining the measure( and held long enough to stabili<e before removing and reading the temperature. 5ead the temperature to the nearest ,.+ degrees 1. To maintain the thermometer closer to water temperature( it should be =ept in a buc=et of water between readings.

'.+4

&alibration 1low 5ate; The calibration flow rate for each ass 5un "unidirectional prover# or 5ound Trip 5un "bi-directional prover# of the displacer must be changed from the preceding flow rate by )AE or more. 8therwise there is danger

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS
.

of obtaining an erroneous volume( even though all the runs repeated( because of an undiscovered lea=. A rate change can be easily accomplished by adDusting the test measureIs filling valve. 8nce a flow rate has been established( the pressure should be noted so that the flow rate can be easily reproduced. 1or e?ample( it might wor= out that a flow rate of 4, 9 $ could be achieved while filling the A,,gallon measure by setting the test stand pressure at A psig. !t might also wor= out that a flow rate of ', 9 $ could be achieved while filling a A,,-gallon measure( by setting the test stand pressure at @, psig. This can only be determined by e?periment at the time of calibration. 5ead and record the time of the filling of the largest test measure for each pass. '.+4.+ J

Atypical waterdraw might have the following flow rate pattern; 4, gallons per minute ', gallons per minute "representing a change of @@E# 4, gallons per minute "representing a change of A,E# ', gallons per minute 4, gallons per minute "representing a change of A,E# ', gallons per minute "representing a change of @@E#

5ound Trip 7o. + 5ound Trip 7o. ) 5ound Trip 7o. @

8r;
5ound Trip 7o. + 5ound Trip 7o. ) 5ound Trip 7o. @

'.+4.) The calibration flow rate for any given run should remain as constant as possible. !t may be determined by one of the following methods; 6 0etermining the time to fill the largest test measure "most practical# 6 0etermining the total time to fill all the measures 6 0etermining the time from detector to detector "flow must not be interrupted# 6 0etermining the flow rate by means of a flow or flow rate meter.

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

$inimi<ing NEC! DRAWS and PRE-FILLS) After one or more round trips( it may be evident that filling the measures to "<ero" on the nec= scale is not wor=ing out so well. !n other words( the final test measure filled in a given pass might automatically stop before the liquid level gets high enough in the nec= to be read. 8n the other hand( the liquid level might e?ceed the capacity of the last test measure. To further complicate matters( the optimum liquid levels in one direction might not agree with the optimum liquid levels in the other direction. Therefore( the volumes in each direction from the trial calibration runs must be considered when deciding how high in the nec= to fill the test measures in the OUT and BAC! passes. After one or more trial runs( the operator may wish to adDust the fill levels above or below the <ero mar= on the nec= scale to avoid a NEC! DRAW or a PRE-FILL situation. '.+3.+ NEC! DRAW) There is a possibility that on the last test measure drawn( the solenoid valve will close before the water level has reached the readable portion of the scale on the test measure nec=. !n that case( a NEC! DRAW from the ne?t to the last measure filled might be required. That is why it is important to never empty the ne?t to last measure for any given calibration-pass until a close appro?imation of the pass volume is =nown. *eave it full of water. There is a drain coc= below the scale on the nec= of the larger test measures "A,,( ),,( +,,( A,( and @, gallon# where water can be removed in a controlled manner from the nec=. 1or e?ample( the ending test measure might need only +,, cubic inches to reach a readable level in its nec=. !f the ne?t to last test measure is full( and has more than +,, cubic inches in the readable portion of the nec=( then +,, cubic inches can be transferred from the full measure to the almost full measure. When doing this( care must be

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

ta=en to wet the transfer container and drain it in the prescribed manner both before receiving the water and in transferring the water to the ending test measure. The transfer container should be either a small test measure or a smooth plastic container which drains almost dry. Whatever quantity is necessary to be added to the ending test measure( in order to ma=e a final reading( must be mathematically deducted when performing the calculations for that pass. !f the flow has not stopped before the ending test measure reaches it ma?imum readable capacity( a different type of NEC! DRAW might be required. 1irst the liquid level is read in the ending test measure to account for the water accumulated to that point. Then the water level is drawn down to a low readable level. The liquid level is read and recorded and the water is allowed( again( to flow through the solenoid into this ending test measure. The flow is stopped manually if it reaches a high point in the nec=. Thus if the starting level were -+,, cubic inches and the stopping level were B+,, cubic inches( the amount of additional water would be ),, cubic inches. This process is repeated until an automatic stop is obtained through the detector actuation of the solenoid valve. '.+3.) PRE-FILL) Trial runs may indicate the need for a PRE-FILL so that the ending test measure will have enough water in the nec= to be read. This is accomplished by filling a A-gallon measure( directly from the sump reservoir( to the <ero mar= on the scale( and emptying it into one of the other test measures. The PRE-FILL would be deducted from the total cubic inches for that pass. !f at the end of a trial run it becomes obvious that at least A gallons additional water is needed( that would become the basis for ma=ing a PRE-FILL of A gallons at the beginning of subsequent passes. 8ften the first trial run has to be measured with a combination of a NEC! DRAW and an after the fact PRE-FILL in order to get a measurement for that pass.

A.,

&alibration 8utline A.+ The wor= sheet sample( age @,( rover &alibration 5eport 1ield Wor= %heet( should be used to record equipment specifics and raw test data. The following is a list of information to be recorded either at the start of the calibration "as =nown# or during the calibration "as obtained#; 6 %heet 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 of

0ate of &alibration Time at start of calibration pass Weather at time of calibration pass &ertificate 7o.KKKKKK &ustomer 7ame Lob 7umber or $.8. 7umber rover; %erial 7umber Test *ocation rover; %i<e rover; $aterial "usually mild carbon steel# rover; Wall Thic=ness "WT# in inches rover; !nside 0iameter "!0# in inches rover; 5eference temperature "Tb# rover; $odulus of -lasticity "usually @,(,,,(,,, for mile carbon steel# rover; &ubical coefficient of thermal e?pansion "usually ,.,,,,+C4 per degree 1# rover; 0isplacer %i<e and>or E of !0 of pipe "e.g.( +,'E# rover; 0etector *ocations and Tag 7umbers

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

Test $easure; 5eference 7umber to cross reference to 7!%T %eal 7umber and B$V Base $easure Volume "B$V# in /.%. 9allons "nominal and appro?imate#

6 Test $easure; 7!%T %eal 7umber 6 Test $easure; 6 Test $easure; Base $easure Volume "B$V# in &ubic !nches "as reported on 7!%T 5eport# 6 Test $easure; $aterial "usually stainless steel# 6 Test $easure; &ubical &oefficient of thermal e?pansion "usually ,.,,,,)4A per degree 1# 6 Test $easure; 5eference Temperature "Tb for the test measure# 6 %erial 7umber; rover inlet pressure gauge "optional - 78T used for calculations# 6 %erial 7umber; rover outlet pressure gauge"optional - 78T used for calculations# 6 %erial 7umber; rover inlet thermometer "optional - 78T used for calculations# 6 %erial 7umber; rover outlet thermometer "mandatory - used for calculation of B V# 6 %erial 7umber; Test stand thermometer "mandatory - used for calculation of B V# 6 %erial 7umber; Test stand pressure gauge "mandatory - used for calculation of B V# 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 ass 0ata; ass 7umber ass 0ata; 0irection ass 0ata; rover ressure " p# in psig as displacer approaches first detector ass 0ata; rover Temperature "Tp# in degrees 1 at beginning of calibration pass ass 0ata; *argest test measure fill time for flow rate calculation for this pass ass 0ata; &alculated 1low 5ate "9 $# ass 0ata; 5eference number identifying which test measure is being filled ass 0ata; %cale 5eading "%5# in the " B # column ass 0ata; %cale 5eading "%5# in the "-# column

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS
.

6 6 6 A.)

ass 0ata; calculations

AdDusted Base $easure Volume "B$Va# Only for manual

ass 0ata; Test $easure Temperature "Ttm# ass 0ata; &T0W correction factor Only for manual calculations ass 0ata; &&T% correction factor Only for manual calculations ass 0ata; W0<( & %p( & *p and W0<b Only for manual calculations Witness signature lines 8utline of %teps for a Bi-directional rover +. 5econfirm all air has been vented and there are no lea=s. ). &ontinue circulating until temperature is reasonably stable. @. 5econfirm all test measures have Dust been filled drained as prescribed. '. /se %teps '.C and '.+, through '.+4.) to conduct the 8/T passes. A. /se %teps '.2 and '.+, through '.+4.) to conduct the BAC! passes. 4. &onduct the +st 8/T pass at the designated 1A%T flow rate. 3. &onduct the +st BAC! pass at the designated 1A%T flow rate. C. &onduct the )nd 8/T pass at the designated SLOW flow rate. 2. &onduct the )nd BAC! pass at the designated %*8W low rate. +,. &onduct the @rd OUT pass at the designated FAST flow rate. ++. &onduct the @rd BAC! pass at the designated FAST flow rate. +). -valuate the results and continue if necessary "more runs > trouble shooting#.

A.@ 6 6 6

%pecial notes for unidirectional provers Air must be vented while the sphere-handling device is in the o-e position. Air must be vented while the sphere-handling device is in the c+ose% position. All passes are from Detector A to Detector B#

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

6 6 6

The sphere handling interchange must be chec=ed for seal each time the sphere displacer is launched. The au?iliary '-way valve is always in the FORWARD position e?cept when positioning the sphere displacer at Detector A# !f an au?iliary '-way valve is not available( positioning the sphere at Detector A requires timing the sphere travel from launching chamber to first detector on trial runs. That way the discharge to reservoir valve can be closed Dust before reaching the first detector on an actual calibration run. Then the flowing stream is put in the control of the solenoid for the actuation of 0etector A Dust as in a bi-directional prover.

A.'

8utline of %teps for a /nidirectional rover +. 5econfirm all air has been vented and that there are no lea=s. ). &ontinue circulating until the temperature is reasonably stable. @. 5econfirm all test measures have Dust been filled and drained as prescribed. '. Verify that au?iliary '-way valve to FORWARD position. A. *aunch the sphere displacer through the sphere handling interchange. 4. &hec= for seal in the sphere handling interchange. 3. erform %tep '.C e?cept that '-way valve is already in FORWARD position.

C.

erform %teps '.+, through '.+4.) to conduct the 8/T passes.

2. &onduct the .st OUT pass at the designated FAST flow rate. +,. &onduct the )nd 8/T pass at the designated SLOW flow rate. ++. &onduct the @rd 8/T pass at the designated FAST flow rate. +). -valuate the results and continue if necessary "more runs > trouble shooting#. A.A 5epeatability criteria for Bi-directional provers; 1or a bi-directional prover( a ROUND TRIP means the same as a RUN# A ROUND TRIP volume of a bi-directional prover is the sum of two displaced pass volumes in opposite

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

directions "i.e. 8/T plus BAC! equals ROUND TRIP/# !t is not required that these pass volumes be equal( but all the consecutive 8/T passes must be within a range of ,.,)E( and all the consecutive BAC! passes must be a range of ,.,)E. 1inally( all the consecutive ROUND TRIP RUNS, that are made up of the unbro=en measured chain of OUT and BAC! passes must be within a range of ,.,)E. The following will illustrate; 8/T ass 7o. +versus OUT ass 7o. @versus 8/T ass 7o. Aversus BAC! ass 7o. ) BAC! ass 7o. ' BAC! ass 7o. 4 ROUND TRIP !versus ROUND TRIP !! ROUND TRIP !!! A.4 8/T ass 7o. @ 8/T ass 7o. A 8/T ass 7o. + versus versus versus versus versus BAC! ass 7o. ' BAC! ass 7o. 4 BAC! ass 7o. ) ROUND TRIP !!! ROUND TRIP ! within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E

ROUND TRIP !!

5epeatability criteria for /nidirectional provers; 1or a unidirectional prover( a single one-way PASS means the same as a 5/7. A unidirectional prover measures in only one direction so it has only 8/T passes or 5/7> A%% volumes. 1or a unidirectional prover( all the consecutive 8/T passes must be within a range of ,.,)E. The following will illustrate;

8/T ass 7o. +versus 8/T ass 7o. @versus 8/T ass 7o. Aversus A.3

8/T ass 7o. @ 8/T ass 7o. A 8/T ass 7o. +

within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E within a range of ,.,)E

&alculation of range percent; M"$ANimum- $!7imum#> " $!7imum#O ? M+,,O

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

!f the above calculation results in ,.,)E or less( the repeatability criteria has been met. 4., &alculation of Base rover Volume "B V#; The calculations for the new Base rover Volume "B V# can be done manually using a scientific calculator or by a computer that uses the Waterdraw calibration program. &alculations must be done per A ! $anual of $ethod( +st -dition( $arch ),,+. 4.+ &alculation of AdDusted Base $easure Volume "B$Va#; B$V is always entered e?actly as the "to deliver" volume is stated on the 7!%T 5eport of &alibration. Add the scale reading according to sign "B or -# of liquid level in test measure to the B$V for B$Va for each fill. 4.) &alculation of &T0W; Water temperature correction between the starting prover temperature and each test measure temperature is made using the table in A ! &hapter ++.).@. To locate the figures in the A ! &hapter; 6 6 !f the temperature of the measure is lower than the prover starting temperature( use the first half of the table in A ! &hapter ++.).@. !f the temperature of the measure is higher than the prover starting temperature( use the second half of the table in A ! &hapter ++.).@. 6 An rover Test &orrection 1actor 4.@ e?ample of starting $easure this correction is as follows; 4A.+P1 4A.'P1 temperature temperature etroleum $easurement %tandards &hapter +) %ection )( art '( &alculation of Base rover Volumes by the Waterdraw

,.22224C &T0W is in 4 decimals

&alculation of &orrection for Temperature of the %teel in the rover "&T%p#

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

/sing only the starting prover temperature of the prover for a given pass( calculate &T%p in the following manner; &T%p Where; Tp Tb 9c Q Q Q %tarting prover temperature 7ote; 8ne "+# &T%p per pass Base or reference temperature for the prover &ubical coefficient of thermal e?pansion for the prover $ost of the carbon steel provers have a 9c of ,.,,,,+C4 per deg. 1 4.' &alculation of &orrection for Temperature of the %teel in the Test $easure "&T%tm# 1or each fill of a test measure( calculate its &T%tm in the following manner; &T%tm Q Where; Ttm 9em Q Tb Q Temperature of test measure Q Base or reference temperature for the test measure &ubical coefficient of thermal e?pansion for the measure + B "Ttm - Tb# ? "9em# 5ound &T%tm to 4 decimal places Q + B "Tp - Tb# ? "9c# 5ound &T%p to 4 decimal places

$ost of the test measures have a 9em of ,.,,,,)4A per deg. 1 4.A &alculation of &ombined &orrection for the Temperature of the %teel "&&T%# 1or each fill of a test measure( calculate the &&T% in the following manner; &&T% Q 4.4 &T%tm > &T%p 5ound &&T% to 4 decimal places

&alculation of each measure fill "W0# after correcting for steel and liquid temperatures

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

1or each measure fill( calculate W0( which is B$Va corrected for the difference in temperatures( difference in materials( and possible difference in reference temperatures( between the prover and the test measure. -ach measure fill is calculated in the following mannerK W0 4.3 Q B$Va ? &T0W ? &&T% 5ound W0 to ' decimal places

&alculation of the &orrection for ressure on the %teel of the rover "& %p# 1or each pass of the displacer( calculate & %p in the following manner; & %p Where; p !0 WT Q Q Q Q rover pressure "measured at test stand at solenoid flow rate# !nside diameter of prover pipe in inches Wall thic=ness of prover pipe inches $odulus of -lasticity Q @,(,,,(,,, per psi Q + B " p ? !0#>"- ? WT# 5ound & %p to 4 decimal places

4.C

&alculation of the &orrection for ressure on the *iquid in the rover "& *p# 1or each pass of the displace( calculation & *p in the following manner; & *p Where; p 1 R Q rover pressure "measured at test stand at solenoid flow rate# &ompressibility 1actor for water in the prover Q ,.,,,,,@) Q "+ # > "+ - " 1p ? p# 5ound & *p to 4 decimal places

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

4H2

&alculation of W0< &alculate the sum of W0Is in the following manner; W0< Q %/$ of all the W0Is in any given pass

4.+,

&alculation of W0<b &alculate the final result after all corrections( for any given pass( in the following manner; W0<b Q "W0<# > "& %p ? & *p# 5ound W0<b to ' decimal places

4.++

To wor= in other materials "prover and measure#( degrees &( bars and millimeters( see Tables + through C in A ! &hapter +).)( art '( &alculation of Base rover Volumes by the Waterdraw $ethod. Tables + through C provide the necessary discrimination levels and constants for calculating B V. A discussion of volume conversions is found in +).)( +).+.A. art '( aragraph

4.+)

&alculation of B V in cubic inches;

MW0<b"+# B W0<b")# B W0<b"@#O >M @O


Ro& % BPV to " %eci,a+ -+aces

4.+@

&alculation of B V in /.%. 9allons;

Average W0<b > )@+ in@ per /.%. 9allon Ro& % BPV to 0 si' i1ica t %i'its

4.+' &alculation of B V in Barrels; !f $85- than +,, barrels;

Average W0<b > 23,) in@ per Barrel Ro& % BPV to " %eci,a+ -+aces

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

!f *-%% than +,, barrels; 4.+A &alculation of B V in &ubic 1eet;

5ound B V to 4 significant digits Average W0<b > +3)C in@ per&u. 1t. Ro& % BPV to 0 si' i1ica t %i'its

4.+4 &alculation of B V in *iters and &ubic $eters at another reference temperature 6 Above volumes are at a reference temperature for the prover( Tb in 0%& units 6 !n this e?ample assume that Tb for above 0%& volumes is 4, degrees 1 6 !n this e?ample assume that Tb for *ites and &ubic $eters is +A degrees & 6 &onvert +A degrees & to A2 degrees 1; "+A& ? +.C# B "@)1# Q A2 1 6 &alculate &T%p for *iters and &ubic $eters;
&T%p Q + B "A21-4,1#? ",.,,,,+C4# Q +.,,,,+C4 -?ception; !n this special case( &T%p is a 3 decimal correction factor.

6 &alculate B V in cubic inches at 4, degrees 1 to *iters at A2 degrees 1 *iters at +A degrees & Q "Average W0<b ? +4.@C3,4'# > "+,,, ? +.,,,,+C4# Ro& % to 0 si' i1ica t %i'its &alculate B V in *iters at +A degrees & to &ubic $eters at +A degrees & &ubic $eters at +A degrees & Q " *iters at +A degrees &# > "+ ,, ,# Re-ort to 0 si' i1ica t %i'its %ame digits as for *iters but decimal place has moved. -?ample; '4.@''A *iters converts to ,.,'4@''A cubic meters 3., 3.+ 0ocumentation and &ertification The following documents are generated or assembled as a result of a prover Waterdraw; 6 Test $easure &ertification 6 Thermometer &ertification traceable to a nationally recogni<ed standard "i.e. 7!%T# 6 ressure 9auge &ertification traceable to a nationally recogni<ed standard "i.e. 7!%T#

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

6 6 3.)

rover &alibration 5eports "Wor= %heets#


H

6 $anual or &omputer generated calculations. rover &alibration 5eport.

-ach prover calibration is issued a unique &ertificate 7umber normally sequentially derived from a $aster *og maintained by 0ocumentation &ler=. The $aster *og identifies; 6 Waterdraw 0ate 6 &ertificate 7umber 6 rover %erial 7umber 6 &ustomer 6 $anufacturer of '-Way Valve 6 *ocation 6 roDect 7ame 6 rover %i<e 6 Lob 7umber

3.@

The prover Waterdraw certificate volume must be chec=ed for conformance to the design requirements as shown on the system specification sheet and prover drawing. This chec= is to be done by the roDect $anager or his designee as indicated by their signature on the Waterdraw certificate.

WATERDRAW CALIBRATION FOR BI-DIRECTIONAL AND UNIDIRECTIONAL MECHANICAL DISPLACEMENT METER PROVERS

Water0raws( **& A)@ Arthur Ave. Arthur *A. 3,A'2

*a=e

%heet PROVER CALIBRATION 0ateK REPORT Time &ertificate 7o. FIELD WOR! SHEET

of Weather

&ustomer Test *ocation rover; Wall Thic=ness "WT# inches

$.8. 7o. rover %i<e

%erial 7o. $aterial !nside 0iameter "!0#

rover; 5eference Temp. "Tb# degree 1 rover; &ubical coefficient "9c# per degree 1K rover; 0etector *ocations and Tag 7umbers Test $eas. 5ef. S 7!%T%eal7o. Vol. !n /.%. 9als Vol. in &u. !nches $aterial of $eas. &oefficient 9em 5ef. Temp. Tb
SERIAL NUMBERS

K$odulus of -lasticity "-#K K0isplacer %i<e"E#KKK


@ ' A 4

Thermometer; Thermometer;

rover 8utlet K W0 Test %tand . ress( "psig#

ressure 9auge;KKKKKKKKKKKK "solenoid flow - approaching +st detector#

RUN DATA ass 7o.KKKK 0irection .Temp.

Fi++ *argest $easure 1ill TimeK

Re1#

SR

SR-

BMVa

&alculated 1low 5ate "9 $#. Te,CTDW CCTS

WD

1 2 3 4 5