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Dimensionamento do Hlice

(Propeller Design )
Local
Novas Construes
(Local) :
(New Building) :

CLCULOS DE HLICES
PARA PEQUENAS EMBARCAES
Dados Motor
BHP =
N=

Dados da Embarcao
V=
LWL =
B=
I=
Peso =
Cb =
Aw =

750
hp
1800
rpm
559.2749 kW

Dados Caixa

11
53
11
2.2
1080
0.826
111.414

ns
m
m
m
Kg

Z=
H=

4
1.500

ps
m

PD =
PD =

662
493

hp
kW

m^2

Dados Hlice
r=
n=
n=
SHP =

2.45
735 rpm
12 rps
675 hp

icas - Eliminao de Variavs para os diferentes problemas do Projecto


a e Velocidade de rotao conhecidas: Eliminao do Dimetro

KQ
PD n 2

J 5 2 Ve 5
Conclui-se
Velocidade de Avano

Ve =

4.13 m/s

Dimetro ptimo

D=

1.095 m

Passo

P=

0.767 m

Binrio

Q=

6411 Nm

Thrust

T=

44614 N

Rt =

Resistncia do Navio
Coef. Resistncia de Impulso
Potncia efectiva

Preparado (Made by):


Frederico O Fernandes
Data (Date)

2/24/2010

t=
P=

0.22
196.92 kW

Aprovado (Approved by):

Rev. (Ver.)
0

Albano Nunes

Folha (Sheet)

3/ 1.

Dimensionamento do Hlice
(Propeller Design )
Local
(Local) :

Novas Construes
(New Building) :

k=93 para hlices de 3 ps


k=85 para hlices de 4 ps
k=83 para hlices de 5 ou mais ps
3 1/ 5
BHP = Potncia do Motor

k
D

BHP

D= Dimetro do Hlice
N

N= Nmero de Rotaes por minuto


Z= Nmero de ps
H= Altura da Clara
V= Velocidade em m/s (1n - 0,5144444m/s)

0.570 m

5.66 m/s

DHP PD 0.85 BHP


Coef. Propulsivo
Potncia efectiva
Coeficiente de esteira
Velocidade de avano
wake factor - Twin Screw
Potncia efectiva

Preparado (Made by):


Frederico O Fernandes
Data (Date)

2/24/2010

574 hp

QPC 0.55
EHP PE 0.55 PD

wt 1 wF

Va (1 wt ) V

wF 1.06 0.4 Cb

316 hp
0.27
4.13 m/s
0.73

PE ETA ETAR EFI PD

Aprovado (Approved by):

Rev. (Ver.)
0

Albano Nunes

Folha (Sheet)

3/ 2.

Dimensionamento do Hlice
(Propeller Design )
Local
(Local) :

Srie Sistemtica

KQ
J5

J
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5

9.56

10 x KQ
0.03
0.23
0.98
2.99

1.036199
Nota
Segundo a curva de rendimento mximo do
diagrama de um hlice da srie B4 - 55 Wagningen.
O Coeficiente de avano igual:
J=

0.31

Dimetro Optimo

Ve
nD
V
D e
n J
J

D=

1.095 m

Q=

6411 Nm

kQ =

0.026

Binrio

Q
,

PD
2 n

493.2805 kW

Coeficiente de Binrio

kQ

Q
n2 D5

segundo o grfico "Open Water Charateristics"


kT = f (J , kQ)
Coeficiente fora propulsiva
kT =

0.202

P/D =

0.7

thrust

kT

T
n2 D 4

Preparado (Made by):


Frederico O Fernandes
Data (Date)

2/24/2010

T=

44614 N

Aprovado (Approved by):

Rev. (Ver.)
0

Albano Nunes

Folha (Sheet)

3/ 3.

Dimensionamento do Hlice
(Propeller Design )
Local
Navio
(Local) : Peniche
(Ship) : Lancha Pilotos APTG

Processo IPTM
(Process.) :

CLCULOS DE HLICES
PARA PEQUENAS EMBARCAES
Dados Motor
BHP =
N=

503
2500

Dados da Embarcao
V=
LWL =
B=
I=
Peso =
Cb =
Aw =

hp
rpm

Dados Caixa

0.5
10.62
3.34
1.1
1650
0.43
38.9

ns
m
m
m
Kg

5
0.700
0.640

ps
m
m

m^2

Dados Hlice
r=
n=
n=
SHP =

Z=
H=
D=

1.485
1684 rpm
28 rps
453 hp

P/D =

0.9

PD =
PD =

444
595

hp
kW

Nota
Segundo a curva de rendimento mximo do diagrama de um hlice da srie B5 - 60 Wagningen.
Coeficiente de Avano

Ve
nD

J=

0.01

Conclui-se
kQ =
kT =

0.0855
0.38

Coeficiente de Binrio

kQ

Q
n2 D5

Coeficiente fora propulsiva

kT

T
n2 D 4

T=
T=

32925 N
3.293 ton

Nota
para o calculo do thrust utiliza-se velocidades muito baixas

Preparado (Made by):


Frederico O Fernandes
Data (Date)

1/12/2009

Aprovado (Approved by):

Rev. (Ver.)
0
Folha (Sheet)

3/ 1.

T=
V=
n=

56 kN
11 Knot

Dados Caixa

J
Kt
Conclui-se
P/D
J
Kt
10Ko
no

Conlcui-se o J no mximo re

Data (Date)

1/12/2009

Dimensionamento do Hlice
(Propeller Design )
Local
(Local) : Peniche

Processo: BV
(Process.) :

Navio
(Ship) : Lancha Desembarque 56m

CLCULOS DE HLICES
PARA PEQUENAS EMBARCAES
Dados Motor
BHP =
N=

750 hp
1800 rpm

T=
Ve =

0.5487 kN
4.13 m/s

Dados da Embarcao
V=
9
LWL =
53
B=
11
I=
2.2
Peso =
1080
Cb =
0.826
Aw = 111.414

Dados Caixa

ns
m
m
m
Kg
m^2

Dados Hlice
r=
n=
n=
SHP =

2.45
735 rpm
12 rps
675 hp

Z=
H=

4
1.500

ps
m

PD =
PD =

662
887

hp
kW

Sries Sistemticas - Eliminao de Variavs para os diferentes problemas do Projecto


Fora Propulsiva e Velocidade de rotao conhecidas: Eliminao do Dimetro

J
Kt

KT
T n2

J 4 Ve 4

KT

J4

0.275979

0.40
0.0071

0.50
0.0172

0.60
0.0358

0.70
0.0663

Conclui-se
P/D
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
J
0.562275843 0.608832 0.649689 0.686786
Kt
0.04977074 0.074809 0.103459 0.134879
10Ko
0.07887649 0.115531 0.161557 0.218296
no
0.564671766 0.627439 0.662167 0.675366
Conlcui-se o J no mximo rendimento

Ve
n J

Preparado (Made by):


Frederico O Fernandes
Data (Date)

1/12/2009

0.80
0.1130

0.90
0.1811

1.00
0.2760

1
1.1
1.2
0.721165 0.75328 0.783653
0.168591 0.204076 0.241184
0.284668 0.361507 0.449354
0.679753 0.676785 0.669428

J = 0.735185

D = 0.458632

Aprovado (Approved by):

Rev. (Ver.)
0
Folha (Sheet)

3/ 1.

ha Desembarque 56m

0
0.025
0.05
0.075
0.1
0.125
0.15
0.175
0.2
0.225
0.25
0.275
0.3
0.325
0.35
0.375
0.4
0.425
0.45
0.475
0.5
0.525
0.55
0.575
0.6
0.625
0.65
0.675
0.7
0.725
0.75
0.775
0.8
0.825
0.85
0.875
0.9
0.925
0.95
0.975
1
1.025
1.05
1.075
1.1
1.125
1.15
1.175
1.2
1.225
1.25
1.275
1.3
1.325
1.35
1.375
1.4
1.425
1.45
1.475

0.7

0.6

0.5

dados

P/D=0.6

0.4
P/D = 0.7

P/D = 0.8

P/D = 0.9

0.3
P/D = 1.0

y = 0.8378x2 - 0.7402x + 0.1736


P/D = 1.1

0.2

0.1

P/D = 1.2

P/D = 1.3

P/D = 1.4

Poly. (dados)

Tabela 4.3 - The Propeller in " Open" Water


Open Water Characteristics of a Methodical Series
Z = 4 Ae/Ao =0.5

P/D :
J
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

0.5

Kt
0.2044
0.1795
0.1499
0.1156
0.0765
0.0327

10Kq
0.1826
0.1642
0.1423
0.1168
0.0879
0.0553

0.6

o
0.0000
0.1740
0.3353
0.4726
0.5541
0.4706

Kt
0.2517
0.2254
0.1949
0.1603
0.1215
0.0786
0.0315

10Kq
0.2455
0.2247
0.2001
0.1718
0.1369
0.1036
0.0639

0.7

o
0.0000
0.1597
0.3100
0.4455
0.5650
0.6037
0.4707

Kt
0.2974
0.2702
0.2393
0.2047
0.1665
0.1246
0.0790
0.0297

10Kq
0.3187
0.2956
0.2684
0.2373
0.2021
0.1629
0.1197
0.0725

0.8

o
0.0000
0.1455
0.2838
0.4119
0.5245
0.6087
0.6302
0.4564

Kt
0.3415
0.3114
0.2831
0.2489
0.2115
0.1707
0.1266
0.0792
0.0284

10Kq
0.4021
0.3767
0.3471
0.3133
0.2753
0.2331
0.1867
0.1361
0.0813

0.9

o
0.0000
0.1316
0.2596
0.3793
0.4891
0.5827
0.6475
0.6483
0.4448

Kt
0.3840
0.3567
0.3263
0.2929
0.2564
0.2169
0.1743
0.1287
0.0800
0.0283

10Kq
0.4956
0.4681
0.4362
0.3999
0.3593
0.3143
0.2649
0.2112
0.1530
0.0906

1.0

o
0.0000
0.1213
0.2381
0.3497
0.4543
0.5492
0.6283
0.6789
0.6657
0.4474

Kt
0.4250
0.3984
0.3689
0.3365
0.3013
0.2631
0.2221
0.1782
0.1314
0.0818
0.0292

10Kq
0.5994
0.5698
0.5357
0.4971
0.4540
0.4064
0.3543
0.2976
0.2365
0.1708
0.1007

1.1

o
0.0000
0.1113
0.2192
0.3232
0.4225
0.5152
0.5986
0.6671
0.7074
0.6860
0.4615

Kt
0.4644
0.4391
0.4109
0.3799
0.3461
0.3095
0.2701
0.2278
0.1827
0.1348
0.0841
0.0305

10Kq
0.7133
0.6818
0.6456
0.6048
0.5594
0.5094
0.4548
0.3955
0.3317
0.2632
0.1900
0.1123

1.2

o
0.0000
0.1025
0.2026
0.2999
0.3939
0.4835
0.5671
0.6417
0.7013
0.7336
0.7045
0.4755

Kt
0.5022
0.4787
0.4523
0.4231
0.3910
0.3560
0.3181
0.2774
0.2338
0.1874
0.1381
0.0859
0.0308

10Kq
0.8374
0.8040
0.7659
0.7231
0.6757
0.6234
0.5665
0.5049
0.4385
0.3675
0.2917
0.2113
0.1261

1.3

o
0.0000
0.0948
0.1880
0.2794
0.3684
0.4544
0.5362
0.6121
0.6789
0.7304
0.7535
0.7117
0.4665

Kt
0.5384
0.5173
0.4931
0.4659
0.4358
0.4026
0.3663
0.3271
0.2848
0.2396
0.1913
0.1400
0.0857
0.0284

10Kq
0.9717
0.9366
0.8967
0.8520
0.8026
0.7484
0.6894
0.6257
0.5571
0.4839
0.4058
0.3229
0.2353
0.1429

1.4

o
0.0000
0.0879
0.1750
0.2611
0.3457
0.4281
0.5074
0.5824
0.6509
0.7092
0.7503
0.7591
0.6956
0.4112

Kt
0.5730
0.5548
0.5333
0.5086
0.4805
0.4492
0.4146
0.3768
0.3357
0.2913
0.2437
0.1928
0.1386
0.0812
0.0205

10Kq
1.1161
1.0794
1.0378
0.9915
0.9403
0.8843
0.8235
0.7579
0.6875
0.6122
0.5322
0.4474
0.3577
0.2632
0.1640

o
0.0000
0.0818
0.1636
0.2449
0.3253
0.4042
0.4808
0.5539
0.6217
0.6816
0.7288
0.7544
0.7400
0.6383
0.2785

1. Dados do exercicio

KQ
J5

J
KQ

9.56

0.2
0.0306

0.3
0.2324

0.4
0.9794

0.5
2.9887

0.6
7.4370

0.7
16.0742

3.5000
y = -264.42x2 + 175.03x - 27.584
3.0000
2.5000
y = 45.19x2 - 22.012x + 2.6612
2.0000
1.5000

1.0000
0.5000
0.0000
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

-0.5000

y = 45.19x2 - 22.01x + 2.661

-0.176
-0.180
-0.200
-0.210
-0.218
-0.225
-0.231
-0.235
-0.238
-0.240

-0.166
-0.195
-0.211
-0.233
-0.253
-0.273
-0.292
-0.310
-0.327
-0.343

0.182
0.245
0.318
0.402
0.495
0.599
0.713
0.837
0.971
1.116

45.19

-22.01

2.661

a
-45.366
-45.370
-45.390
-45.400
-45.408
-45.415
-45.421

b
21.844
21.815
21.799
21.777
21.757
21.737
21.718

c
-2.479
-2.416
-2.343
-2.259
-2.166
-2.062
-1.948

1.4

P/D
J
Kt
10Kq
no

0.6
0.2984
0.1609
0.1168
0.6540

0.7
0.3078
0.2017
0.0569
1.7355

0.8
0.3179
0.2422
0.0798
1.5363

equao do rendimentos
no = -264.4x2 + 175.0x - 27.58
d/dx (no)= 0
x=
0.33

-45.425
-45.428
-45.430

21.700
21.683
21.667

-1.824
-1.690
-1.545

0.9
0.3279
0.2827
0.1068
1.3819

1
0.3380
0.3231
0.1384
1.2559

1.1
0.3483
0.3636
0.1755
1.1483

1.2
0.3585
0.4043
0.2181
1.0578

0.8
31.3393

0.9
56.4744

1
95.6400

equao
P/D = 0.6
P/D = 0.7
P/D = 0.8
P/D = 0.9
P/D = 1.0
P/D = 1.1

P/D = 1.2
P/D = 1.3
P/D = 1.4
rendimento

Poly. (equao)
1.6

Poly. (rendimento)

Ji =

0.2984
0.3078
0.3179
0.3279
0.3380
0.3483
0.3585

Kq,i =

0.1168
0.0569
0.0798
0.1068
0.1384
0.1755
0.2181

0.3688
0.3792

1.3
0.3688
0.4452
0.2665
0.9804

1.4
0.3792
0.4863
0.3212
0.9139

0.2665
0.3212