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no responses are extant. When at last Theodosius rr invited him to the
Council of Ephesus in 1, it was too late.#' He had died in August o.
In the following centuries at least his name seems to have been held in
high regard.#( Yet his work continued to be benignly ignored. Naturally
one would not expect that situation to change as the relationship between
east and west progressively deteriorated during and after the Photian
Schism at the turn of the millennium. That split, which was to last for
centuries, turned Augustine and his work into one of the major theological
obstacles to reunication. Paradoxically, however, in the long run the
schism also created a need for dialogue. Ironically, in the peculiar
atmosphere of cultural encounter of the high Middle Ages and early
Renaissance period a number of signicant eastern theologians discovered
Augustine the theologian and through the translation and adaptation of
some of his works made the world of his thought part of the eastern
tradition. In comparison to what had happened in that respect during
Augustines lifetime and in the o years after his death, this was
something entirely new and groundbreaking.
Maximos Planudes and his translation of Augustines De trinitate
The reconquest of Constantinople in 1i61 under Michael \rrr Palaiologos
ended two centuries of bitter struggle between east and west.#) In the
wake of his victory Michael followed a course of reunion with the west
culminating in the Union of Lyons in 1i.#* Among the men at his court
Les Lettres 6* et 1* de saint Augustin: leur date et les renseignements quelles apportent
sur le! volution de la crise pe! lagienne , RE
Aug xxvii (181), i6; J.-P. Bouhot, Une
Lettre dAugustin dHippone a' Cyrille dAlexandrie (Epist. *), in Les Lettres de Saint
Augustin deTcouvertes par J. Divjak, Paris 18, 1; G. Bonner, Some remarks on letters
* and 6*, ibid. 16, and Gods decree and mans destiny: studies on the thought of Augustine
of Hippo, London 18, cl. xii. See also uvres de Saint Augustin: lettres .*.,*: nouvelle
eTdition du texte critique et introduction par J. Divjak: traduction et commentaire par divers auteurs
(lBibliotheZ que Augustinienne ,cB), Paris 18.
#' The invitation reached Carthage at Easter 1: Capreolus, ep., PL liii. 8; Council
of Ephesus, Collectio Veronensis xviii. 1, ACO r\ii. 6. On background and further references
see nowA. Fu$ rst, Augustins Briefwechsel mit Hieronymus (lJahrbuch fuWr Antike und Christentum:
ErgaWnzungsband i), Mu$ nster 1, i1oio, and Augustinus im Orient , forthcoming.
#( He is mentioned, for instance, on a list extant from the Second Council of
Constantinople, actio iii. . , ACO r\\i. . See Altaner, Augustinus in der griechischen
Kirche bis auf Photius . On another instance see S. Salaville, Une Mention de Saint
Augustin dans les diptyques de la liturgie grecque de Saint Jacques , AnneTe TheTologie xi
(1o), i6.
#) Beginning with the schism in 1o and culminating in the sack of Constantinople by
the Fourth Crusade and the erection of a Latin empire in 1io. See D. M. Nicol, The last
centuries of Byzantium ..c..,,, ind edn, London 1, 1 (on the Latin prelude to
Michaels reign), 8 (on Michaels reign).
#* In 1i Michael imposed the union on the city, dismissed the Patriarch Joseph and