Stabilisation levels and probability ranges forto pre-industial) Eventual Temperature change(relative temperature increases

0 0
Food Food

1 1
Severe impacts Severe impacts in marginal in marginal Sahel region Sahel region

2 2

3 3

4 4

5 5
Entire regions experience major Entire regions experience major declines in crop yields declines in crop yields (up to 1/3 in Africa) (up to 1/3 in Africa)

Falling crop yields in many developing regions Falling crop yields in many developing regions Rising number of people at risk from Rising number of people at risk from hunger, with 1/2 of the increase in hunger, with 1/2 of the increase in Africa and West Asia Africa and West Asia

Rising crop yields in high-latitude developed Rising crop yields in high-latitude developed countries if strong carbon fertilization countries if strong carbon fertilization

Yields in many developed regions Yields in many developed regions decline even if strong carbon fertilization decline even if strong carbon fertilization

Water Water

Small mountain glaciers Small mountain glaciers disappear worldwide, disappear worldwide, potential threat to water potential threat to water supplies in several areas supplies in several areas

Significant changes in water availability Significant changes in water availability (e.g. more than a billion people suffer (e.g. more than a billion people suffer water shortages in the 2080s, many in Africa, water shortages in the 2080s, many in Africa, while a similar number gain water) while a similar number gain water) Sea level rise threatens Sea level rise threatens major world cities including major world cities including London, Shanghai, New Greater than 30% decrease London, Shanghai, New Greater than 30% decrease York and Hong Kong in runoff in Mediterranean York and Hong Kong in runoff in Mediterranean and Southern Africa and Southern Africa Possible onset of collapse Possible onset of collapse of part or all of Amazon of part or all of Amazon rainforest rainforest

Coral reef ecosystems Coral reef ecosystems extensively and eventually extensively and eventually irreversibly damaged irreversibly damaged

Large fraction of ecosystems unable to maintain current form Large fraction of ecosystems unable to maintain current form Many species face extinction Many species face extinction (20 – 50% in one study) (20 – 50% in one study)

Small increases in hurricane Small increases in hurricane intensity lead to a doubling of intensity lead to a doubling of damage costs in the U.S damage costs in the U.S Risk of weakening of natural carbon absorption and possible increasing Risk of weakening of natural carbon absorption and possible increasing natural methane releases and weakening of the Atlantic THC natural methane releases and weakening of the Atlantic THC Onset of irreversible melting Onset of irreversible melting of the Greenland ice sheet of the Greenland ice sheet Increasing risk of abrupt, large-scale shifts in the Increasing risk of abrupt, large-scale shifts in the climate system (e.g. collapse of the Atlantic THC climate system (e.g. collapse of the Atlantic THC and the West Antarctic Ice Sheet) and the West Antarctic Ice Sheet)

Risk of Rapid Risk of Rapid Climate Change Climate Change and Major and Major Irreversible Irreversible Impacts Impacts

Source : Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change

(c) WWF-Canon / Martin HARVEY

Ecosystems Ecosystems Extreme Extreme Weather Weather Events Events

Rising intensity of storms, forest fires, droughts, flooding and heat waves Rising intensity of storms, forest fires, droughts, flooding and heat waves