# WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis

Objectives:
s Create a new database. s Create a geometry model of a clevis. s Change the graphics display.

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis

Model Description:
Figure 2.1 is a geometry model of the clevis shown on the title page. All necessary dimensions are provided. The clevis will be modeled using parametric solids. Because parametric, or mapped solids can have no more than 6 faces, the geometry model will be created with smaller six sided solids. In addition to geometry creation, this exercise also covers display tools and render styles. Figure 2.1

8 3/4 4

1/4

Suggested surface boundaries

y x 2 Dia 2 Radius

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Suggested Exercise Steps:
s Create a new database called clevis.db. s Set geometry preference to PATRAN 2 convention. s Create a Surface Model of the top half of the clevis. Place the center of the hole at [0,0,0]. s Create Solids that represent the first third of the solid model’s total width. s Create the bottom half of the model by mirroring all of the solids about the y-axis mirror plane located at y=0. s Create the remaining Solids that represent the last two thirds of the model in the width direction (z-direction). s Turn all the entity labels off and render the model in a Hidden line render style. s Copy the Solids along the Z-axis to model the Solid thickness.

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis

Exercise Procedure:
1. Create a new database called clevis.db. File/New... New Database Name: OK In the New Model Preference form set the following: Tolerance: Analysis Code: Analysis Type: OK NOTE: Whenever possible, toggle off the u Auto Execute option by left clicking the check box. 2. Create a Point on the inner radius of the hole in the clevis. xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Point Coordinates List Apply 3. Revolve the Point to sweep 4 Curves that will define the upper half of the radius of the hole in the clevis. xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Create Curve Revolve Create Point XYZ [1, 0, 0] xDefault MSC/NASTRAN Structural clevis

s PATRAN 2 Convention

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Axis: Total Angle: Curves per Point: Point List: Apply

Coord 0.3 180 4 Point 1

Figure 2.2 shows the newly created geometry. Figure 2.2

Y Z X

4. 4a.

Use a Curvilinear Transformation to create the outer radius of the lug by radially translating the curves that define a quarter of the hole. Create a Cylindrical Coordinate Frame located at the center of the hole. xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Type: Origin: Point on Axis: Create Coord 3 Point Cylindrical [0,0,0] [0,0,1]

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis
Point on Plane 1-3 Apply xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Type of Transformation: Refer. Coordinate Frame Translation Vector Curve List: Transform Curve Translate x Curvilinear in Refer. CF Coord 1 <1, 0, 0> Curve 1, 2 [1,0,0]

Apply The model should resemble the Figure 2.3. Figure 2.3

T Y Z X Z R

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5.

Define the Surfaces for the upper half of the model. xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Vector Coordinates List: Origin Coordinates List: Apply Create Surface XYZ <-4, 2, 0> [-2, 0, 0]

6.

Use the Circular Arcs to define Surfaces.: xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Starting Curve List: Ending Curve List: Apply The model should resemble Figure 2.4. Create Surface Curve Curve 1, 2 Curve 5, 6

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis

Figure 2.4

T

Z 1

R

Y

Z

X

Turn on Entity Labels and Display Lines for Surfaces using the Labels icon on the toolbar. Show labels

Display lines Starting Curve List: Curve 4

The next Surface is bound by Curve 4 and the Surface Edge shown in Figure 2.5.
(hint: to make entity selection easier, use the Edge option from entity selection menu.)

Edge (of surface) From the viewport, select the Edge of Surface 1 as shown in the Figure 2.5. Ending Curve List: Surface 1.1

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Figure 2.5 Surface Edge
11 10 8 6 7

2 1 4 4 12 9 5 Z 1 R 3 3 T 2 1 1 3 2

5

6

Y

Curve
X

Z

Apply Starting Curve List: Curve 3

(hint: Use the Curve filter from the Selection Menu.)

For the Ending Curve, choose a line between Point 8 and Point 10. Instead of creating a Curve, use the Two Points option from the entity selection menu. Two Points In the viewport, choose Point 8 and Point 10 as shown in the Figure 2.6. Figure 2.6 Point 10
11 10

Point 8
8 6 2 7 3 2 1 Z 1 R1 6

1

4 4 4

3

3 T

2

5

12

9

5

Y

Z

X

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis

Apply 7. Use the Surfaces to define Solids. xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Translation Vector: Surface List: Apply Create Solid Extrude <0,0,-0.25> Surface 1:5

8.

For a better view of the model, rotate the model about the X and Y Axis. Click on Viewing in the Main Form and select Transformations… from the pull-down menu.

Transformations
Screen Relative

Viewing/Transformations

Options... OK

Click once on,

and once on,

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The model should resemble Figure 2.7. Choose OK to keep the current view. Figure 2.7

9.

Create the lower half of the clevis model. xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Transform Solid Mirror

Use the Global Y-Axis to define a Mirror Plane Normal.
(hint: To select the Y-Axis from the screen, use the Coordinate Direction 2 from the entity selection menu.)

Frame Direction 2 to define plane Select the Global Coordinate Axis from the viewport. Define Mirror Plane Normal: Solid List: Apply The new model should resemble Figure 2.8.
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Coord 0.2 Solid 1:5

WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis

Figure 2.8

10.

The remaining Solids can be created using the Translate Method. xGeometry Action: Object: Method: Translation Vector: Repeat Count: Solid List: Apply The last step is to move copies of the solids around the hole. For a Translation Vector, choose the Tip and Base Points option from the entity selection menu in the Translation Vector box. Tip and base points For a translation vector, use Point 10 as a Base Point and Point 40 as a Tip point.
(hint: To make this step easier, zoom into the area of Point 10 and Point 40 using the View Corners icon in the toolbar.)

Transform Solid Translate < 0, 0, -0.25> 2 Solid 1, 6

View corners

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Figure 2.9 Tip Point Base Point
Y Z X 5

T Y Z X Z R

Repeat Count: Solid List: Apply 11. Clean up the display

1 Solid 2:5, 7:10

11a. Turn off the entity labels. Display/Entity Color/Label/Render... Hide All Entity Labels Apply Cancel Or, use the Hide Labels icon from the toolbar. Hide labels 11b. Change the Render Style of the model from Wireframe to Hidden Line. Display/Entity Color/Label/Render...
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WORKSHOP 2

Geometry Model of a 3-D Clevis
Hidden Line

Render Style: Apply Or, use the Hidden Line icon:

Hidden Line Change the Render Style back to Wireframe. Render Style: Apply Cancel Or, use the Wireframe icon: Wireframe Quit MSC.Patran after finishing this exercise. Do not delete the database, it will be used for future exercises. Wireframe

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