WORKSHOP 3

Meshing and Property Assignment

Objectives:
s Apply a Refined Mesh near a critical location of the model. s Use a coarse Global Mesh for the rest of the model. s Define Material and Element properties, and apply them to the model.

MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 3

Meshing and Property Assignment

Model Description:
Define a Finite Element Mesh for the Clevis Model developed earlier. Use Mesh Seed to create a Refined Mesh with a higher Mesh density near a critical area. After the Mesh is created, define Material and Element properties for the model.

Figure 3.1

Mesh Parameters 6 elements per edge L2/L1 = 0.5 Global Edge Length = 0.5

L1 L2

MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

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Suggested Exercise Steps:
s Start MSC.Patran and open the database clevis.db. s Starting with an isometric view of the model, zoom in on the lower half of the clevis hole. Save this view as a named view. Use the name zoom_in. s To further simplify the rendering of the clevis model, turn off the display lines so only the model boundaries are shown. s Apply the mesh seeds to increase the mesh density in a critical area. s Create a finite element mesh. s Define material properties. s Define element properties.

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 3

Meshing and Property Assignment

Exercise Procedure:
1. Start MSC.Patran and open the database clevis.db. File/Open... Existing Database Name: OK NOTE: Whenever possible, toggle off the u Auto Execute option by left clicking the check box. 1a. Use the Viewing/Select Corners option to zoom in on the clevis model. Figure 3.2 shows which part of the model to focus on. Viewing/ Select Corners Or, use the View Corners icon: View Corners Figure 3.2 clevis.db

Save this view by creating a named view of the current model view. Viewing/ Named View Options...
MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook 3-5

Create View... Create New View: Apply Close 2. To simplify the model view, turn off the display lines. Display/Geometry... Number of Display Lines: Apply Cancel Or, use the Display lines icon: Display lines 3. Create mesh seeds to increase the mesh density in the critical area. 0 zoom_in

x Finite Elements
Action: Object: Type: Create Mesh Seed One Way Bias

x Num and Elems and L2/L1
Number: L2/L1: 6 2

In the Curve List box, choose the Curves as shown in Figure 3.3.

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 3

Meshing and Property Assignment
Figure 3.3.

T 1 Z

Curves for mesh seeding.
R

Y

Z

X

Apply Number: L2/L1: 6 0.5

In the Curve List box, choose the curves as shown in Figure 3.4. Figure 3.4

T 1 Z R

Curves for additional mesh seeds.

Y

Z

X

Apply

MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

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Zoom out to see the entire model. Viewing/Fit view Or, use the Fit View icon: Fit view 4. Create a finite element mesh.

x Finite Elements
Action: Object: Type: Global Edge Length: Solid List:
Apply

Create Mesh Solid 0.5 Solid 1:22

The complete mesh should resemble Figure 3.5. Figure 3.5

T 1 Z R

Y X

Z

5.

Check the model for Free Edges using the verify action in the Finite Elements menu. x Finite Elements Action: Object: Verify Element

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

WORKSHOP 3

Meshing and Property Assignment
Type: Boundaries

x Free Edges
Apply 6. The Free Edge plot is shown in Figure 3.6. Since the model has “cracks” or free edges, use the Equivalence tool to connect the mesh. Figure 3.6

x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Apply 7. Re-check for free edges in the model, x Finite Elements Action: Object: Type: Verify Element Boundaries Equivalence All Tolerance Cube

x Free Edges
Apply
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Figure 3.7 shows a free edge plot of the complete mesh without disconnected regions, or “cracks”. Figure 3.7

8.

Define material properties.

x Materials
Action: Object: Method: Material Name: Input Properties... Constitutive Model: Elastic Modulus = Poisson Ratio = OK Apply 9. Define element properties. Linear Elastic 30E6 0.3 Create Isotropic Manual Input steel

x Properties
Action: Object: Type:
3-10 MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

Create 3D Solid

WORKSHOP 3

Meshing and Property Assignment
Property Set Name: Input Properties... Material Name: OK Select Members: Add Apply Solid 1:22 m:steel solid_elements_steel

Quit MSC.Patran after finishing this exercise.

MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

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MSC.Nastran 120 Exercise Workbook

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