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TOPIC 1: SOUNDS AROUND US

DAY 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING Focus Theme : Listening and Speaking : World of Knowledge

Topic : Sounds Around Us Time : 60 minutes

Content Standard : 1.1 Pupils will be able to pronounce words and speak confidently with the correct stress, rhythm and intonation. Learning Standard :1.1.1 Able to listen and respond to stimulus given with guidance.

Objective : By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able identify the sound made by animals.

arning Strategies : 1) Teacher shows the pictures of animals, pupils guess the names. 2) Teacher teaches the sound made by animals, pupils initiate. 3) Teacher made the sound made by animals and pupils guess the name of the animals

Teaching Aids

: Picture of animals: cow, bee, monkey, dog, snake.

Added Value

: The pupils act like animals in groups Eg: Group A : Act like monkeys Group B : Act like snakes

DAY 2: READING Focus Theme : Reading : World of Knowledge

Topic : Sounds Around Us Time : 60 minutes

ent Standard : 2.1 Pupils will be able to apply knowledge of sounds of letters to recognize words in linear and non-linear texts.

ning Standard : 2.1.3 Able to blend two to four phonemes into recognizable words and read them aloud. Objective : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to: a) Pronounce words correctly b) Read the names of animals. Teaching and Learning Strategy : 1) Teacher shows letter cards, pupils pronounce.

2) Teacher shows picture of animals, pupils identify. 3) Teacher shows letter cards to form names of animals for example:cat. Pupils read and pronounce. 4) Pupils jump on the letters mat to spell the name of animals. 5) Teacher shows the word cards and pupils read. Teaching Aids Added Value : Letter letters mat.cards, word cards, picture cards, : Decorate the animal mask given (guided)

DAY 3 : WRITING Focus Theme : Writing : World of Knowledge

Topic : Sounds Around Us Time : 60 minutes

Introduction : This lesson focuses on writing. The main focus of the lesson will be on getting pupils to draw simple strokes up and down and drawing lines from left to right.

ent Standard : 3.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to form letters and words in neat and legible print including cursive writing.

ning Standard : 3.1.1 Able to demonstrate fine motor control of hands and fingers by: (f) drawing simple strokes up and down. (g) drawing lines from left to right.

Objective : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to draw simple strokes up and down and drawing lines from left to right.

Teaching and Learning Strategy : 1) Teacher gets the pupils to sing the song focusing on animal sound 2) Teacher plays the animal sound by using the Power Point presentation, the pupils guess the sound. 3) Teacher gives some instruction , the pupils follow. 4) Teacher shows the actions such as up, down, left and right, pupils follow the teacher by moving themselves. 5) Teacher demonstrates the correct formation of simple lines from up and down and from left to right, pupils respond by drawing the lines on air and on their table. 6) Pupils trace the lines and colour the pictures. 7) Pupils complete the activity sheet.

Teaching Aids

: Power Point presentation

Added Value : Pupils must use the patterns that they have learnt in drawing activity.

DAY 4: LANGUAGE ARTS Focus Theme : Language Arts : World of Knowledge

Topic : Sounds Around Us Time : 30 60 minutes

Introduction : This lesson allows pupils to enjoy a song through simple actions/sounds animals.

ent Standard : 4.1 Pupils will be able to sing songs and practice sound through performance.

ning Standard : 4.1.2 Able to enjoy song of Old McDonald with actions and initiate sounds of animals. Objective : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to: a) Imitate sounds of animals b) Sing a song with correct pronunciation and rhythm. Teaching and Learning Strategy : 1) Teacher sings a song Old McDonald.

2) Teacher imitates sound of animals in the song. 3) Pupils repeat after the teacher. 4) Teacher and pupils sing the song and imitate the sound of animals together. Teaching Aids Added Value
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: Finger puppets of animals : Pupils create models of animals using plasticine.

Topic :The Tiny Thimble

DAY 1
FOCUS : Listening & Speaking TOPIC: The Tiny Timble OBJECTIVE : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to: a) Respond to a story heard verbally. b) Talk about a stimulus with guidance. PRE - Play a song entitled TheTiny Timble (10 - Talk about the song. mins) - Repeat the song. WHILE(25 mins) POST (25 mins) Teacher displays the story and read aloud with the students. Pupils listen and follow the text. Group and individual readings. Teacher points to the words with th sounds. Pupils repeat the words after the teacher. Teacher uses words cards to reinforce words starting with th sounds in the story. Get pupils to say the words aloud while one of the pupils point to the words.

- Sing the song again.


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DAY 2
FOCUS : Reading TOPIC: The Tiny Timble OBJECTIVE : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to: a) Distinguish the phoneme th. b) Recognize and articulate the phoneme. PRE (10 mins) WHILE(25 mins) Teacher shows the phoneme th using word cards. Pupils say after the teacher. Teacher introduces hard and soft th sounds. Teacher helps pupils distinguish the hard and soft sounds. Pupils are required to place their palm in front of their mouths and utter the words. - E.g. Soft- that, the, their Hard- thank, thick, thing POST - Pupils read the announcements on pg 119 of (25 the textbook.

mins) - Teacher points to the words with th sound and pupils say them. - Teacher tells pupils to work in groups. - Pupils place the word cards next to the pictures.
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DAY 3
FOCUS : Writing TOPIC: The Tiny Timble OBJECTIVE : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to: a) Trace, copy and write the letter th in neat and legible print. b) Spell words with the letter th. PRE - Teacher reads the story again. (10 - Pupils articulate words with the phoneme th. mins) WHILE- Teacher demonstrates the correct formation of (25 letter th. mins) - Trace the letter th on activity sheet.

POST (25 mins) -

Pupils write or form the letter th. Find the letter th on the given activity sheet. Fill in the missing th on activity sheet. Complete the puzzle with the missing thwords.

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DAY 4
FOCUS : Language Arts TOPIC: The Tiny Timble OBJECTIVE : By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to: a) Retell a story heard with guidance. PRE - Teacher read the story and pupils listen. (10 mins) WHILE- Teacher reads the story again and asks for

(25 mins) POST (25 mins) -

volunteers to role play as a lady, a girl, a mother and a narrator. (finger puppets) Teacher divides pupils into groups of 6 and gives each group a tongue twister. Pupils practice the tongue twister in their respective groups. - They then present their tongue twisters.

DAY 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING Focus : Theme : Topic : Content Standard : Learning Standard : Objective : Time : Teaching Aids : Added Value : LISTENING & SPEAKING World of Knowledge I See Colours 1.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to pronounce words and speak confidently with the correct stress, rhythm and intonation. 1.1.3 Able to listen to, say aloud and recite rhymes or sing songs with guidance. By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to pronounce words and speak confidently with the correct stress, rhythm and intonation. 60 minutes a. Pictures of the 4 colours : red, blue, yellow and white b. Lyrics of song Pupils are able to show respect to friends by accepting each others ways of singing

Activity 1. Teacher sings the song as a whole. 2. Teacher sings the song once again line by line. Pupils repeat after her. 3. Teacher shows the lyrics of the song with the missing colour words. Pupils fill in the blanks orally.

Teaching & Learning Strategy Listening to the song. Singing the song. Guessing game

Notes

Pictures of colours.

DAY 2: READING Focus : Theme : Introduction : Topic : READING World of Knowledge This lesson focuses on reading. Activities are teachers led where teacher elicits words with the phoneme /ae/ and /^/ I See Colours

Content Standard : 2.2 By the end of the 6-years of primary schooling, pupils will be able to demonstrate understanding of a variety of linear and non linear text in the formal print and non print materials using a range of strategies to construct meaning. Learning Standard 2.1.2 : Able to recognize and articulate medial sounds (phoneme) in single syllable words within given context : /ae/ and /^/. 2.2.1 Able to read and apply word recognition and word attack skills by matching words with : a. graphics b. spoken word By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to : 1. identify the phoneme /ae/ and /^/. 2. match spoken words with graphics of words. 60 minutes Song & posters Pupils will be able to know and understand the Malaysian Flag as the main patriotic symbol of Malaysia.

Objective :

Time : Teaching Aids : Added Value :

Activity 1. Pupils listen to the colour song.

Teaching & Learning Strategy Teacher sings the song or has a recording of the song.

Notes Tune : This Old Man

2. Introduce the song line by line. Pupils repeat after the teacher. 3. Pupils sing along the song. 4. Teacher introduces the phoneme /ae/ and /^/ with the actions.

Lyrics in the textbook.

Using action to introduce phoneme.

The action of spider crawling one ones arm and look up and say uh. Red, bed, yellow, bug, mug, black Composite picture of bedroom. Word cards : Bed, bug, mug, cup, hair, mat. Word and picture cards.

5. Pupils articulate the sounds and imitate the actions 6. Teacher says the words with the /ae/ and pupils repeat after the teacher. (repeat the same with the /^/ sound) 7. Pupils select a word card and read it aloud. Then, he places the word next to the objects in the picture.

Drilling using the picture and the word cards. Practice using the word cards and the pictures.

8. In pairs, pupils take turns to read the word cards while the other shows the correct picture cards.

Practice / reinforcement using word and picture cards. Cleanliness.

DAY 3 : WRITING Focus : Theme : Topic : Content Standard : WRITING World of Knowledge I See Colours 3.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to form letters and words in neat legible print including cursive writing. Able to copy and write in neat legible print : (f) simple sentences. By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to copy simple sentences in neat legible print with correct spelling. 60 minutes Malaysian Flag, picture cards and song charts Pupils should know the colours of Malaysian Flag correctly and be proud of it.

Learning Standard 3.1.2 : Objective : Time : Teaching Aids : Added Value :

Activity 1. Teacher reads the lyrics of the song entitled Colours. Pupils repeat after teacher. 2. Teacher sings the song. Pupils repeat after her.

Teaching & Learning Strategy - Previous knowledge.

Notes Song charts

- Integration of listening, speaking and reading skills. - Reinforcement 3. Teacher relates the colours with the colours of - Previous knowledge. Malaysian Flag. - Integration of listening, speaking and Teacher asks pupils about the colours of the Malaysian reading skills. Flag. 4. Teacher guides the pupils to know the colours of the Malaysian Flag correctly : - yellow (star) - blue (background of the small rectangle) Demonstration - Red (the first line) - white (in between)

5. Teacher puts up the Malaysian flag on the board. 6. Pupils complete the activity sheet : - colour the Malaysian Flag - copy the simple sentences in neat legible print.

Demonstration Colouring & copying

Malaysian Flag Activity sheet

DAY 4 : LANGUAGE ARTS Focus : Theme : Topic : LANGUAGE ARTS World of Knowledge I See Colours

Content Standard : 4.3 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to plan, organize and produce creative works for enjoyment. Learning Standard 4.3.1 : Objective : Time : Teaching Aids : Added Value : Able to produce simple creative works with guidance based on : (a) nursery rhymes By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to : a. produce simple creative words with guidance based on an action song. 60 minutes Picture cards, crayons Pupils are able to show respect the Jalur Gemilang and love their country.

Activity 1. Teacher and pupils go through the song once again. 2. Teacher explains the task ie. Pupils are going to make their own Jalur Gemilang shows a sample. 3. Distribute the pictures and ask pupils.

Teaching & Learning Strategy Singing aloud. Sample of the Jalur Gemilang.

Notes Ms PowerPoint

4. Ask pupils to cut out the Jalur Gemilang and glue the left side onto a stick.

Learning the fun way.

Crayons Glue Satay sticks Teacher can conduct this activity as a class or in groups.

Objects in the classroom

DAY 1 : LISTENING AND SPEAKING

Focus Theme Topic Introduction

Content Standard

Learning Standard Objectives

Time

Listening and Speaking World of Knowledge Objects in the Classroom This lesson focuses on listening and speaking. Activities are teacher-led where teacher elicits words with the phoneme /b/. There should be a lot of encouragement for pupils to speak and share. Teachers role is to facilitate and provide a good environment for listening and speaking to happen in the classroom. 1.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to pronounce words and speak confidently with the correct stress, rhythm and intonation. 1.1.3 Able to listen to, say aloud and recite rhymes or sing songs with guidance. By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to (i) talk about a picture (ii) identify objects which has the /b/ sound 30/60 minutes

Teaching Aids

Composite picture

Assessment 1. Pupils are able to identify Observation the objects with the phoneme /b/ 2. Pupils are able to pronounce words learnt with the phoneme /b/ correctly Activity Teaching and Learning Strategies 1. Teacher Reinforcement displays a of previous composite knowledge picture and gets pupils to name the things they can see.

Tick on the checklist

Notes

Sample questions : 1. What can you see in the picture? 2. Where is this? Composite picture (Appendix 1)

2. Teacher reads the jazz chant and pupils repeat after teacher 3. Teacher asks groups of pupils to present the jazz chant Remedial Drilling of problematic sounds and words with pupils Enrichment 1. Play Pelmanism Game a. Teacher places the picture cards and word cards upside down on the table. b. Pupils try to match the word cards to the picture cards. c. The group

Jazz Chant (Appendix 2)

bag, bottle, book, broom

Repetition through drilling

bag, bottle, book, broom

Pelmanism Game

that manages to get most of the objects correct is the winner. Jazz Chant Ben has a bag A big blue bag He puts a brush in his bag

Ben has a bottle A big brown bottle He has some water in his bottle

Ben takes a broom A long black broom He sweeps the floor with the long black broom

Ben has a book A big blue booK

The big blue book has a big brown bear

DAY 2: READING Focus Theme Topic Introduction Reading World of Knowledge Objects in the Classroom This lesson focuses on reading. Activities are teacher-led where teacher elicits words with the phoneme /b/. 2.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to apply knowledge of sounds of letters to recognize words in linear and non-linear texts. 2.2 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to demonstrate understanding of a variety of linear and non-linear texts in the form of print and non-print materials using a range of strategies to construct meanings. 2.1.2 Able to recognise and articulate initial, medial and final sounds, (phonemes) in single syllable words within given context /b/ 2.2.1 Able to read and apply word recognition and word attack skills by matching words with : a) graphic

Content Standard

Learning Standard

Objectives

Time Teaching Aids

b) spoken words By the end of the lesson, will be able to (i) identify the phoneme /b/ (ii) match spoken words with graphics or words 30/60 minutes a) Picture cards / word cards b) The /b/ chant

Assessment 1. Pupils are able to recognize and articulate the phoneme /b/ in single syllable word. 2. Pupils are able to match words with the phoneme /b/ with graphics. 3. Pupils are able to match pictures with spoken words. Activity

Observation

Tick on the checklist

Oral activity

Teaching and Learning

Notes

Strategies 1. Teacher says the /b/ chant again. 2. Teacher introduces the phoneme /b/ with an action 3. Pupils articulate the sound and imitate the action 4. Teacher says the words with the /b/ sound and pupils repeat after teacher. 5. Pupil selects a word card and reads it aloud then he places the word next to the object in the picture. Remedial Reinforce the following words Jazz Chant (Appendix 2) Using action to introduce a phoneme. The action of bursting a balloon to reinforce the sound of /b/

Practice

Drilling using the picture and word cards

bag, bottle, book, broom

Practice reinforcement using the word cards and the picture

Composite picture (Appendix 1)

Repetition through drilling

bag, bottle, book, broom

with the phoneme /b/ Enrichment 1. Teacher explains the Dice Game

Blending

Bag Book Bin Brush

DAY 3: WRITING Focus Theme Topic Introduction Writing World of Knowledge Objects in the Classroom This lesson focuses on writing. The main focus of this lesson would be to recognize and write words with the initial phoneme /b/ 3.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to form letters and words in neat legible print including cursive writing. 3.1.2 Able to copy and write in neat legible print a) small (lower case) letters d) words 3.2.4 Able to spell common sight words By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to (i) write the letter b correctly and neatly (ii) spell words correctly 30/60 minutes a) worksheets

Content Standard

Learning Standard

Objectives

Time Teaching Aids

Assessment 1. Pupils are able to write the letter b correctly 2. Pupils are able to spell words with the phoneme /b/ in the initial position. Activity

Observation and Tick on the Correction checklist Formative assessment through oral spelling practice

1. Teacher distributes worksheets on configuration clues. Pupils complete the worksheet. 2. Pupils spell and write the names of the objects shown in the worksheet. 3. Pupils complete the

Teaching and Learning Strategies Worksheets

Notes

Worksheet 1

Worksheets

Worksheet 2

Worksheets

Worksheet 3

rebus writing worksheet with teachers guidance. Remedial Filling in the Reinforcement phoneme /b/ in of learnt skills the words given. Enrichment Pupils jazz Jazz chant chant with the correct rhythm

DAY 4: LANGUAGE ARTS Focus Theme Topic Introduction Language Arts World of Knowledge Objects in the Classroom This lesson focuses on language appreciation focusing on enjoyment and creativity. The main focus of this lesson will be on getting pupils to response to the chant with body percussion. 4.1 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to enjoy and appreciate rhymes, poems and songs. 4.3 By the end of the 6-year primary schooling, pupils will be able to plan, organize and produce creative works for enjoyment. 4.1.2 Able to recite nursery rhymes, jazz chants and sing action songs with correct pronunciation and rhythm. 4.3.2 Able to take part with guidance in a performance based on c) jazz chant By the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to (i) jazz chant with simple actions 30/60 minutes

Content Standard

Learning Standard

Objectives

Time

Teaching Aids

The /b/ jazz chant

Assessment 1. Pupils are able to chant by articulating the phoneme /b/ in words correctly. Activity

Chanting with the correct rhythm

1. Listen to the jazz chant and clap and stamp to the rhythm. 2. Pupils chant with teacher with simple gestures 3. Pupils chant in groups with the focus on the phoneme /b/ Added Value Malaysia Negaraku 7.3 Beradab sopan dalam

Teaching and Notes Learning Strategies Teacher models Jazz chant jazz chant

pertuturan dan perlakuan dengan rakan 7.4 Menunjukkan sikap hormat kepada rakan

KSSR ENG YEAR 1 TEACHING PHONICS 2


UNIT 2 ALL ABOUT ME

Phonemes: /s t p/ Graphemes: s a t p Note: Pupils are NOT taught to read yet in this unit. LESSON 1(Introducing A Sound) Phoneme: /s/ Grapheme: s Content Standard: 2.1 Learning Standard: 2.1.1, 2.1.2a, 3.1.1a, 3.1.2a,b Teaching Aids: Sound card 's', Cory Cat Phonics Song Time: 30 minutes Activity: 1. Teacher introduces /s/. Watch my mouth. (Position your mouth, teeth, tongue for phoneme /s/. DO NOT say the sound yet. Make sure all your pupils can see your mouth.) 2. Teacher says /s/ 5 times with pauses in between. 3. Teacher asks 'What sound did you hear?'

4. Practice saying /s/ , class, group, individual.

5. Sing Association Action Song(from Cory cat Phonics Song), Sammy Snake s s s(weave your hand in an 's' shape, like a snake ). 6. Introduce grapheme 's' for /s/. 'This is /s/. What sound is this? Say /s/ 5 times with me(class, group, individual).'

7. Do writing a

ctivities(model the correct way of writing the grapheme):


touch sandpaper letter form 's' with modelling clay(Textbook pg 8) copy, write 's' (AB pg 6; intergrate ICT, use Microsoftword. Let pupils choose font, colour it and print.) (Ask 'What are you doing?' as pupils do the writing activity. Train them to say the sound not the letter name. Use the term 'sound' when teaching phonics NOT 'letter'.)

REFLECTION: 95% of the pupils are able to say 's'. Zaid and Jugah have lisping problem. Everybody enjoyed singing Sammy Snake( He he). Everybody can write 's' except Zaid, Aina and Aiman(letter reversal). MY SUGGESTIONS: Above are the basic teaching steps when introducing a soun