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Living & Working in Germany

Klaus Mnstermann, 10.11.2012

Welcome to Germany!

Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Agenda
ZAV The International Placement Services of the German Federal Employment Agency Some facts about Germany and its labour market Working in Germany rules and regulations Looking for jobs in Germany The application process

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

ZAV our services for jobseekers


The International Placement Services (ZAV)
!

EURES Germany jobseekers from abroad German employers Placement for jobseekers from abroad Specific recruitment events in country of origin Consulting for foreign graduates of German universities Information and advice about the German labour market and employment opportunities

Provides services for:


! !

Our responsibilities include:


! ! ! !

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Some facts about Germany


Surface area: 357.000 km! Population: 82.6 million
! ~ 15 mill. with a migration background

Capital: Berlin 16 federal states

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The German Labour Market


Unemployment rates in September 2012: Germany:
! Western States: ! Eastern States:

7,3%
6,2 % 11,9 %

number of unemployed persons: 2.788.000 =2.8 Mill.)

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The German Labour Market: where is the demand right now? Labour shortage mainly in the following technical occupations:
! Engineers in metal construction and in welding engineering ! Engineers in mechanical engineering and in the automotive sector ! Engineers in mechatronics, electronics and in the energy sector ! Engineers in technical research & development (R&D) ! Engineers in construction departments including model making ! Experts in computer science, SW-development/programming and IT-consulting

Arbeitsmarktberichterstattung@arbeitsagentur.de

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Local shortage of engineers (in mechanical, automotive and electronic engineering) and IT-experts
Engineers,June 2012
Mechanical Engineers and Automotive Engineers Engineers in Mechtronics, Energy Sector and Electronics Computer Science, Softwaredevelopment, ITConsulting

= real shortage (Period of a vacancy is at least 40% longer than average period regarding all occupations and there are less than150 candidates per 100 registered job offers or there are less candidates than job offers)

= signs for a real shortage

= no shortage yet

= no results indicated due to too few data

Arbeitsmarktberichterstattung@arbeitsagentur.de

Datenquelle: Statistik der Bundesagentur fr Arbeit

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Legal access to the German Labour Market rules and regulations


Free access to the German labour market for citizens of EU/EEA member states (except Bulgaria and Romania until 2014) A members of a third party country (= anybody who is not an EU/EEA citizen), who is interested to work in Germany, usually needs a residence permit work including a work permit Two sources with important regulations:
Aufenthaltsgesetz(AufenthG), Beschftigungsverordnung(BeschV)

The work permit is part of the residence permit. It will be issued by your Auslnderamt

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Legal access to the German Labour Market regulations regarding third party countries recent changes
Article 16 AufenthG, Section 3: while studying you will now be allowed to work 120 days annually or use half-day jobs for a period of 240 days to earn some additional money (it used to be 90 days resp. 180 half-days) Article 16 AufenthG, Section (4): After successful completion of your studies, the residence permit may be extended by up to 18 months for the purposes of seeking a job corresponding to your qualification. Work in any job is allowed now during this period! Article 18b AufenthG: Settlement permit (unlimited stay) earlier than before when graduated from a German university + holding a valid residence permit

Living & Working in Germany, HOGA, March 2012 Bundesagentur fr Arbeit

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Legal access to the German Labour Market regulations regarding third party countries recent changes (2)
Article 18c AufenthG: University graduates, no matter if they hold a German or foreign diploma, will be issued a residence permit for 6 months in order to look for a suitable job in Germany. Working is not allowed during this period. Article 19a AufenthG: The Blue Card EU
!

is a residence permit including work permit. The law has become effective August 1st, 2012. It is valid for Germany exclusively for the first 18 months and would then apply to other EU-countries as well. will be valid according to the limitation of the contract plus three months. The maximum period of validity is 4 years

Living & Working in Germany, HOGA, March 2012 Bundesagentur fr Arbeit

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

High Potentials Legal Access to the German Labour Market


Qualification German university degree or graduated from a foreign university (3a Nr.1 BeschV) German university degree + job offer in a job according to the academic training (3b BeschV) German university degree + job offer in one of the occupations where Germany has a big demand (STEM-jobs; like Mechanical and Electrical Engineers, IT-Experts, Physicians, etc.) ( 3a Nr. 2 BeschV) Foreign university degree + job offer in one of the occupations where Germany has a big demand (STEM-jobs; like Mechanical and Electrical Engineers, IT-Experts, Physicians, etc.) ( 19a AufenthG; 27 Abs. 2 BeschV) No ZAV confirmation required * at least 46.400 ! or more in 2013 No ZAV confirmation required * resp. 21 months (if German language skills at level B1) residence permit including work permit; settlement permit after 24 months Blue Card EU No ZAV confirmation 36.192 ! in 2013 required * or more settlement permit after 33 resp. 21 months (if German language skills at level B1) Blue Card EU at least 36.192 ! in 2013 or more check of the employments conditions by ZAV resp. 21 months (if German language skills at level B1) settlement permit after 33 Salary ZAVs participation Residence Permit Blue Card EU settlement permit after 33

at least

Foreign university degree + job offer in any other occupation ( 27 BeschV)

Less than 46.400 ! in 2013

Labour market check + check

residence permit; settlement

of the employments conditions permit after 5 years

* = new: the Auslnderamt is allowed to ask for ZAVs participation (72 (7) AufenthG) Seite

Dienstag, 20. November 2012

How much do I earn ? - Salaries in Germany


There is no general minimum wage regulation (Exceptions for special branches) Wages depend on collective agreements (Tarifvertrag) which exist for most sectors Regional differences (East-West/North-South) Wages: monthly salary (gross) the net salary is lower

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

How much do I have to deduct from my Salary?


Social Security System:
Health Insurance Unemployment Insurance Pension Long-Term Care Insurance Work Accident Insurance 15,5 % 3,0 % 19,9 % 1,95 % paid by employer

Taxation
Income tax " 14 % - 42 % (Depending on income and marital status) Church tax " 8 % - 9 % Solidarity tax " 5,5 % Automatically deducted from the salary Registration to the social insurance system is done by the employer of income tax of income tax

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Project-Engineer in the Automotive Sector, up to 2 years work experience, single, no kids, in NRW, tax class 1, 40 h-week - Sample Salary Statement:
Month Year

Salary
Social security contributions
Pension Plan (Rentenversicherung, -19,6 %) Unempl. insurance (Arbeitslosenvers., - 3 %) Health insurance (Krankenversicherung, - 15,5 %) Long-term care insurance (Pflegevers., -2,2 %)

3583,33 !
351,17 ! 53,75 ! 293,84 ! 43,90 !
!

43.000,- !
4.214,04 ! 645,00 ! 3.526,08 ! 526,80 !

Total Social Contributions


Taxation
Solidarity tax (Soli-Abgabe) Church tax (Kirchensteuer) Income tax (Lohnsteuer)

742,66 !
34,86 ! 50,70 ! 633,75 !

8.911,92 !
418,27 ! 608,40 ! 7.605,00 !

Total Taxation

719,31 !

8.631,67 !

Salary after deductions


Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

2.121,37 !

25.456,41 !
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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Project-Engineer in the Automotive Sector, 3 to 5 years of work experience, single, no kids, in NRW, tax class 1, 40 h-week - Sample Salary Statement:
Month Year

Salary
Social security contributions
Pension Plan (Rentenversicherung, -19,6 %) Unempl. insurance (Arbeitslosenvers., - 3 %) Health insurance (Krankenversicherung, - 15,5 %) Long-term care insurance (Pflegevers., -2,2 %)

4083,33 !
400,17 ! 61,25 ! 313,66 ! 46,86 !
!

49.000,- !
4.802,04 ! 735,00 ! 3.736,92 ! 562,32 !

Total Social Contributions


Taxation
Solidarity tax (Soli-Abgabe) Church tax (Kirchensteuer) Income tax (Lohnsteuer)

821,94 !
43,74 ! 63,62 ! 795,25 !

9.863,28!
418,27 ! 608,40 ! 9.543,00 !

Total Taxation

902,61 !

10.831,30 !

Salary after deductions


Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

2.358,79 !

28.305,42 !
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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The Job Portal of the German Federal Employment Agency

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The Job Portal of the German Federal Employment Agency

choose language

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The Job Portal of the German Federal Employment Agency

choose language

Quicksearch/ advanded Search

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The Job Portal of the German Federal Employment Agency

choose language

Register/ Log in

Quicksearch/ advanded Search

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Looking for jobs


German companies (global players) - well known worldwide: Mercedes Benz, BMW, SIEMENS, Volkswagen, BASF, BAYER Why are you thinking of those big companies when it comes to looking for jobs in Germany? There are good reasons to turn to small or medium sized companies and see what they can offer ! (KMU = kleine und mittelstndische Unternehmen)

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Looking for jobs


Many German companies belong to the group of world champions in the global market - mainly in the following branches: Machine-building Industry, Car production and Car parts Electrical Industry/High-Tech Pharmaceutical und Medical Technology Chemical Plants Construction!

There are about 1.500 German companies in total and among them there are 1.400 companies belonging to the group of smaller or medium sized companies !!!!

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The application process: Define your position first


Your self check Who am I ? How does my life plan look like ? What can I offer? Where do I want to be 5 years from now? Whats my aim regarding my professional career? Your individual concept for the future Do I have to go on learning ? What about my deficits? How does my profile look like the one I can start with applying?

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The application process: How to read a job offer


The offer at a first glance Living and Working in" (region, town, city) Requirements all that is a must Qualifications which can be an asset My qualifications/experiences vs. the requirements The aim: a congruence of 70% Any additional qualifications you can offer Are there any questions left after you read the job offer carefully?

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The application process: CV and cover letter Recommendations and No-Gos


Recipient of your application (name, address, position ) Structured design uniform appearance Your contact information are you available any time? Cover letter related to the requirements Work experience when important for the future job CV: No photo from your last vacation It does not make sense to spread a generalised application Apply the way the employer has indicated ! Dont waste the employers time by providing unnecessary information !

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

The application process: Meeting the employer


You should be prepared to answer to the following questions:
# # # # # # # # #

Would you please tell us about your strengths and weaknesses? How would your friends describe your character? What has been your biggest success or failure to date? Why of all things did you choose this subject of study? Do you think your study progress has been consistent? Are you satisfied with the results achieved (grades)? How do you picture your daily work in this position? Why did you apply to our company? What is your desired salary?

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

ZAV our services for jobseekers


Finding a suitable job is not as simple as it looks like. Except for a few jobs you will have to prove good German language skills. By the way: it is never too late to start learning German. You have to be proactive ! We provide information and give advice to you and this is meant to enable you to help yourself. It is up to you to take advantage of what we recommend.

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Usefull links
online application training
http://www.berufe.tv/BA/weitereFilme/? familyID=1000027&family=Bewerbungstraining
!

online application training for academics

https://lernboerse.arbeitsagentur.de/aktiv/media/akademiker/ 101005_bewerbungstraining/index.htm
!

Looking for jobs:

www.arbeitsagentur.de -> Jobboerse Living and working in Germany: http://www.make-it-in-germany.com/


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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Additional Websites for further Information

The EURES-website also features a search engine to help you find jobs in Germany: www.eures.europa.eu For more information on living and working in Germany check links below: http://www.ba-auslandsvermittlung.de/deutschland http://www.br-online.de/alpha/deutschklasse/alltag/arbeitserlaubnis.shtml http://www.mpibpc.mpg.de/data/mitarbeiter/leitfaden_auslaender.html http://www.deutschland.de http://www.justlanded.com http://www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.de http://www.deutsche-sozialversicherung.de http://www.fuer-ein-lebenswertes-land.bmas.de/sites/generator/30758/

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Contact
Zentrale Auslands- und Fachvermittlung Internationaler Personalservice Villemombler Str. 76 53123 Bonn Germany Phone: +49 228 713-1313 e-mail: workingermany@arbeitsagentur.de www.zav.de
Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn Seite

Dienstag, 20. November 2012

GOOD LUCK

Living & Working in Germany, International Placement Services, ZAV Bonn

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Dienstag, 20. November 2012

Living and Working in Germany

Thank you for your attention!

Dienstag, 20. November 2012