Head and Neck Test Questions Gross Anatomy 1. All Cervical Vertebra have a: d. e. f. g. h.

body spine bifid spinous process carotid tubercle transverse foraman

2. If you rotate your head as in indicating a “no” response, most of the movement occurs at this joint: a. b. c. d. e. atlanto-occipital (skull-C1) atlanto-axial (C1-C2) C2-C3 C3-C4 C7-T1

3. a. V

The carotid body and sinus are innervated by this cranial nerve:

b. c. d. e.

VII IX X XI

4.

The cephalic vein: a. b. c. d. e. drains venous blood mainly from the medial side of the hand lacks valves ends in the arm by joining the brachial vein empties directly into the subclavian vein pierces the clavipectoral fascia

5.

The ligament that connects adjacent vertebral laminae is the a. b. c. anterior longitudinal posterior longitudinal flavum

d. e.

nuchae tectorial

6.

The normal curvature found in the young adult cervical vertebral column is a. b. c. d. e. present at birth a scoliosis a spondylothesis a kyphotic type a lordotic type

7.

The posterior belly of the digastric muscle is innervated by a branch of this cranial nerve: a. b. c. d. e. V VII IX X XI

8. The branch of the external carotid artery that passes posterosuperiorly along the inferior (lower) border of the posterior belly of the digastric muscle is the a. b. c. d. e. superior thyroid lingual maxillary occipital posterior auricular

9.

The cricoid cartilage lies at this vertebral level a. b. c. d. e. C2 C4 C6 C8 T2

10.

The internal carotid nerve a. b. c. d. e. arises from the superior cervical sympathetic ganglia arises from the middle cervical sympathetic ganglia arises from the inferior cervical sympathetic ganglia is a branch of CN IX is mainly a parsympathetic nerve

11. An artery that supplies the thyroid gland is sometimes found anterior to the trachea and is named the a. b. superior thyroid artery inferior thyroid artery

e. veins. thyroidea ima anterior ascending cervical artery superficial ascending cervical artery 12. and 4th tracheal rings is the same as the pyramidal lobe contains the superior pair of parathyroid glands 13. The muscle which protrudes the tongue and its tip toward the opposite side a. b. The veins that directly connect the veins of the scalp to the dural venous sinuses are a. e. b. The isthmus of the thyroid gland a. The layer of the scalp containing the ramifying arteries.c. hyoglossus genioglossus palatoglossus styoglossus geniohyoid 16. e. The sublingual caruncle (papilla) a. c. b. b. epidermis aponeurotic layer loose areolar layer pericranium fibro-fatty connective tissue layer 14. c. receives the parotid duct receives the sublingual duct . emissary veins cerebral veins diplioc veins subarachnoid veins valved 15. e. d. and nerves is the a. d. d. b. lies directly anterior to the thyroid cartilage lies directly anterior to the cricoid cartilage lies directly anterior to the 2nd. d. c. d. c. 3rd. e.

c. d. d. sigmoid superior petrosal straight cavernous occipital 20. c. d. falx cerebri falx cerebelli tentorium cerebelli diaphragma sellae incisura 18. c. d. e. b. The fold of dura separating the cerebrum from the cerebellum is the a. d. b. b. b. c. anterior cerebral middle cerebral posterior cerebral anterior choroidal posterir choroidal 21. The dural venous sinus found on the floor of the middle cranial fossa is the a. choroid plexuses lateral apertures median aperture arachnoid villi arachnoid cisterns 19. e. Which is the correct statement concerning the carotid plexus: . The cerebral artery supplying most of the lateral surface of the cerebrum is the a. e. c. The sites where cerebrospinal fluid passes from around the brain into the venous system is/are called a. e. e. receives the submandibular duct is formed by the sublingual gland is formed by the submandibular gland 17.

the facial nerve (VII) being completely motor. the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve innervates the orbicularis oculi mucle . the pterygopalatine ganglion contains both parasympathetic fibers of the 7th nerve. b. Which of the following named foramina is interosseous? a.and post-ganglionic sympathetic neuron fibers d. is a system of small arteries surrounding and supplying the walls of the internal and external carotid arteries c. b. contains parasympathetic fibers destined for the eyeball b. none of the above are correct 25. e. the foramen rotundum is located in the posterior part of the frontal bone e. Which statement is correct? a.a. the lacrimal gland receives secretomotor fibers from cranial nerve III d. b. c. contains synapses between pre. as well as sensory fibers whose cells of origin are in the Trigeminal ganglion c. Which of the following nerves is not a branch of cranial nerve VII? a. possesses no ganglion the trigeminal ganglion contains some parasympathetic cells supplying structures in the hand a portion of the facial nerve has a ganglion containing cells whose fibers bring taste information from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue d. d. e. e. temporal mental buccal cervical zygomatic 24. Which statement is incorrect? a. parasympathetic outflow in the vagus nerve causes a decrease in the rate of heartbeat b. The prefix inter means in between. c. foramen magnum foramen rotundum foramen ovale jugular foramen superior orbital fissure 23. receives postganglionic fibers from the superior cervical ganglion sends preganglionic fibers to sweat glands 22. The prefix intra means wholly inside of . c. d.

two cranial nerves (VII and VIII) leave the posterior cranial fossa through the internal acoustic meatus b. the abducens nerve is cranial nerve VI e. three cranial nerves pass through the jugular foramen c. Which statement is incorrect? a.26. the trigeminal nerve is exclusively sensory d. the pterygomaxillary fissure serves as an aperture to permit the terminal part of the maxillary artery to leave the infra-temporal fossa .

c. cranial nerve VII emerges from the skull through the foramen spinosum b. and XII all leave the skull through the jugular foramen hiatus semilunaris is another name for the superior orbital fissure the inferior petrosal sinus marks the attachment of part of the tentorium cerebelli . a. Which statement below is correct: a. d. a. 29. 30. the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion receives white communicating rami from the first four cervical spinal nerves c. b. 31. b. d. b. stylopharyngeus is the one muscle innervated by cranial nerve IX 28. e. d. e. c. a. Choose the correct statement the right and left transverse sinuses lie wholly on the inner surface of the temporal bone blood from the superior petrosal sinuses drains directly into the jugular foramen the sphenoidal sinuses lie below the sella tursica the vomer articulates with the greater wing of the sphenoid the foramen rotundum communicates directly with the infratemporal fossa Which statement is incorrect? the zygomatic bone articulates with 4 other bones of the skull the nasal bones form portions of the medial margin of the orbits the occipital condyles are inferior to the hypoglossal canals the groove for the mylohyoid nerve lies inferior to the mylohyoid line Choose the correct statement the cribiform plate is a part of the frontal bone of the skull the infraorbital foramen conveys motor nerve branches to the levator labii superioris the deep cervical lymph nodes receive lymph from the neck only some branches of the facial nerve occur within the facial canal Choose the best statement the clivus is a portion of the sphenoid bone the frontal sinus lies deep to the floor of the sella turcica cranial nerves X.27. c. d. XI. the internal carotid artery enters the middle cranial fossa through the floor of the foramen lacerum d. a. c. b.

a.32. e. a. b. e. b. Choose the best response the pterygoid processes of the sphenoid bone are located anterior to the palatine bone the foramen rotundum passes through the root of the pterygoid process the hamulus of the pterygoid process is a part of the medial plate of the pterygoid the medial pterygoid muscle originates from the medial plate of the pterygoid process the medial (internal) pterygoid muscle is inserted on the articular disk of the termporomandibular joint 33. d. c. c. The dura matter of the posterior cranial fossa is supplied by the meningeal branch of this nerve mandibular ophthalmic maxillary DPR of C2-C3 facial . d.

d. d. d. e. The parotid duct opens into the floor of the mouth at the sublingual fold floor of the mouth at the sublingual caruncle vestibule of the mouth opposite the second maxillary molar tooth vestibule of mouth opposite the second mandibular premolar tooth foramen cecum Most of the lateral surface of the cerebrum is supplied by this large artery’s branches anterior cerebral middle cerebral posterior cerebral vertebral anterior choroidal . a. c. 37. 39. c. b. e. d. The mucous membrane of the larynx below the vocal folds is supplied by this nerve pharyngeal recurrent laryngeal internal laryngeal external laryngeal glossopharyngeal 36. d. b. d. b. a. The nerve supplying the carotid artery and sinus is a branch of cranial nerve V VII IX X XI 35. c. a. The sensory nerve supply to the skin overlying the angle of the mandible is by the greater occipital nerve (C2) lesser occipital nerve (C2) buccal branch of mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve great auricular nerve (C2-C3) mandibular ramus of the facial nerve The highest cervical spinous process that is easily felt is that of C1 C2 C5 C7 C8 38. e.34. b. a. a. e. c. c. b. b. a. e. c. e.

40. c. Cerebrospinal fluid normally is found in the ventricles of the brain and in this space around the CNS subarachnoid subdural epidural subpial . d. b. a.

a. a. c. c. a. c. b. b. and it is attached to the medial side of the medial wall of the maxilla d.41. c. d. d. a. e. The 2 important structures found in the suboccipital triangle are the vertebral artery and the lesser occipital nerve greater occipital nerve suboccipital nerve spinal accessory nerve occipital artery 42. d. The pterygoid process of what bone forms the posterior wall of the pterygopalatine fossa palatine maxilla sphenoid inferior nasal conchae pterygoid The number of unpaired bones in the cranium is 1 2 3 4 . d. none of the above is correct 44. c. b. c. Choose the best statement concerning the inferior nasal conchae the inferior nasal conchae is the most inferior part of the ethmoid bone the inferior conchae is part of the nasal septum the inferior conchae is a separate bone. Choose the best statement concerning the pterygopalatine ganglion it contains some sympathetic fibers from the lesser petrosal nerve all fibers entering or leaving the ganglion have synapses within the ganglion some fibers of V-2 pass through the ganglion without synapsing the pterygopalatine ganglion lies immediately posterior to the pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone 43. 46. a. d. a. b. b. Name 2 bones which have parts that form the septum dividing the nose into right and left passages palatine and sphenoid maxilla and sphenoid lacrimal and nasal vomer and ethmoid 45. b. e.

The occipital condyles articulate with which bone axis clavicles vertebra prominens atlas . a. b.47. d. c.

d. a. d. . c. c. 50. maxilla c. c. d. a. mandible 49. enters the temporal bone through the sphenopalatine foramen Which statement is incorrect the zygomaticofacial nerve is a branch of the trigeminal nerve the chorda tympani joins the lingual nerve within the infratemporal region the maxillary artery is one of the 2 terminal branches of the external carotid artery the otic ganglion is a sympathetic ganglion The following nerves are found in the posterior triangle of the neck lesser occipital nerve recurrent laryngeal nerve spinal accessory nerve all of the above only a and c All cervical vertebrae have a(n) spine bifid spine foramen transversium body attached to its pedicles intervertebral disk adjacent to their inferior surface The spinal nerve emerges between this part of adjacent vertebra lamina pedicle articular process body 51. b. palatine d. c. e. lacrimal e. d. Choose the correct statement concerning the palatine bones they lie immediately posterior to the pterygoid processes of the sphenoid they form part of the lateral wall of the oropharynx they form part of the lateral wall of the nasopharynx they form part of the lateral wall of the nasal cavity (nose) Which statement is correct the internal acoustic meatus has 2 nerves passing through it the facial artery is a branch of the internal carotid artery the facial artery passes superficial to the submandibular gland the chorda tympani. c. b. d. d. a. 52. 53. b. They are the vomer and the a. a branch of the facial nerve.48. e. b. b. b. The number of unpaired bones in the skeleton of the adult human face is two. a. zygomatic b. a. a. c. 54.

spine .e.

b. a. “Secondary curves” of the vertebral column is (are) in this (these) portion(s) of the column cervical thoracic lumbar a. a. posterior longitudinal ligament e. c. 59. b. and c a and c Flexion and extension of the head occur mainly in these joints atlanto-occipital atlanto-axial C2-C3 vertebral bodies C2-C3 articular processes C7-T1 articular processes The superficial veins of the scalp are connected to the dural venous sinuses by valveless emissary veins found mainly in the subcutaneous connective tissue layer named according to the nerve they accompany in the region above and behind the external ear all of the above only a and b 61. 56. a. d. a. e. e. c. glossopharyngeal nerve . e. c. c. b. alar ligament c. The auriculotemporal nerve of the scalp is a branch of the a. d. 60. d. cruciate ligament d. and c only a and c 57. The ligament that is the most important for preventing posterior displacement of the odontoid process from the anterior arch of the atlas is the a. a. b. posterior atlanto-occipital membrane b. d. b. anterior longitudinal ligament 58. e. e. d.55. b. The articular facets of the superior articular processes of cervical vertebra face superiorly and posteriorly inferiorly and anteriorly posteriorly and laterally posteriorly and medially anteriorly and medially The intervertebral disks form about one-fourth the length of the vertebral column are found between all cervical vertebrae are important for maintaining normal curvatures of the vertebral column a. c. b.

c. a. d. ophthalmic division of V maxillary division of V mandibular division of V cervical plexus This muscle receives its motor supply by 2 cranial nerves buccinator trapezius digastric omohyoid thyrohyoid 63. a.b. digastric b. e. supraclavicular . b. The muscles forming the floor of the submandibular (digastric) triangle are the hyoglossus and the sternohyoid thyrohyoid mylohyoid stylohyoid omohyoid 64. e. d. c. b. 62. carotid d. d. c. occipital c. e. The common carotid artery usually divides into the external carotid and internal carotid arteries within this cervical triangle a. muscular e.

occipital e. facial d. sternothyroid. e. ascending pharyngeal b. omohyoid and thyrohyoid are all innervated by the ansa cervicalis include one muscle that attaches to the scapula a and b only a and c only The cranial nerve that is sensory to the carotid body and sinus is the trigeminal facial hypoglossal glossopharyngeal vagus 67. 66. b. This arterial branch of the external carotid artery originates at the level of the hyoid bone and forms a loop before passing deep to the hyoglossus muscle to enter the submandibular region a. lingual c. c. The infrahyoid muscles (strap muscles of the neck) are the sternohyoid. a. c. e. d. b. d. maxillary . a.65.

a. This (these) muscle(s) receive(s) motor fibers derived from the cervical plexus respiratory diaphragm levator scapulae omohyoid all of the above a and b only 72. d. middle thyroid vein e. c. d. e. external laryngeal n. The cranial nerve that supplies the sensory innervation to the dura above the level of the tentorium cerebelli is the a. recurrent laryngeal n. a. d. a. b. e. thyroidea ima artery d. internal laryngeal n. b. c. external jugular vein 73. pharyngeal n. inferior thyroid artery c. c. c. Which one of the following vessels is most likely to be cut when doing a tracheostomy (opening the trachea from the front?) a. b. d.68. 69. vagus e. hypoglossal 74. 71. trigeminal b. The cerebrospinal fluid is in this space . The inferior petrosal sinus connects the cavernous sinus to the straight sinus transverse sinus inferior sagittal sinus internal jugular vein vertebral vein This (these) structure(s) is (are) found in the jugular foramen internal jugular vein vagus nerve hypoglossal nerve all of the above only a and b The nerve that supplies all the muscles in the larynx except for the cricothyroid muscle is the superior laryngeal n. superior thyroid vein b. b. facial c. e. 70. a. glossopharyngeal d. e.

76. c. the auriculotemporal nerve 78. d.a. 80. b. c. a. b. nasopalatine canal d. sphenopalatine foramen 79. middle meningeal artery b. pterygoid canal c. c. d. internal carotid artery c. e. b. epidural subdural subarachnoid subpial intrapial The largest structure passing through the cavernous sinus is the internal carotid artery internal jugular vein abducens nerve trigeminal (mandibular division) greater petrosal nerve The supraorbital foramen of the skull provides an exit from the orbit for which of the following the oculomotor nerve a branch of V-2 the supratrochlear branch of V-1 a continuation of the ophthalmic nerve fibers 77. the motor division of V-3 d. a. 75. d. b. c. Choose the name of the opening if the skull through which a continuation or branch of the maxillary artery reaches the inside of the nasopharynx (or nose) a. Which of the following structures leaves or enters the middle cranial fossa by way of the foramen spinosum? a. b. d. pterygopalatine fossa b. e. a. d. a. e. c. The greater superficial petrosal nerve contains autonomic fibers from which of the following nerves? V-3 V-2 VII IX none of the above The deep petrosal nerve contains parasympathetic fibers from VII carries preganglionic sympathetic fibers from the sympathetic plexus on the internal carotid artery carries postganglionic parasympathetic fibers from cranial nerve IX carries postganglionic sympathetic fibers from the superior cervical ganglion .

d. c. The pterygopalatine ganglion is suspended from which of the following nerves? the nerve of the pterygoid canal the main trunk of V-1 the main trunk of V-2 the main trunk of V-3 . b.81. a.

e. d. a. b. b. chorda tympani (from VII) b. d. glossopharyngeal nerve (IX) d. the buccal branh of V-3 83. cold. touch) of the gingiva of the hard palate is carried to the brain through the nerve of the pterygoid canal nerves in the greater palatine canals the nasociliary branch of V-1 the greater superficial branch of the vagus n the lesser superficial petrosal nerve The mandibular nerve leaves the cranium via the superior orbital fissure inferior orbital fissure foramen ovale foramen rotundum foramen spinosum The sinus that direcly connects the cavernous sinus to the internal jugular vein is the occipital inferior sagittal inferior petrosal transverse sigmoid . c. The nerve which carries sensations of taste from the area of the tongue posterior to the row of vallate papillae is a. 85. c. c. b. e.82. Sensation (heat. a. e. 84. d. a. branches of vagus (X) c.

b. 88. e. d. e. a. a. a. b. b. d. 89. c. The veins and arteries of the scalp lie mainly in the aponeurotic layer periosteal later loose connective tissue later (subaponeurotic) subcutaneous connective tissue later both a and c The ansa cervicalis is usually found in the submandibular triangle muscular triangle supraclavicular triangle carotid triangle occipital triangle The only cranial nerve to emerge from the dorsal side of the brain stem is the oculomotor facial trigeminal trochlear . c. d.86. e. b. The blood vessel supplying most of the medial surface of the cerebrum is the anterior cerebral artery middle cerebral artery posterior cerebral artery middle meningeal artery vertebral artery 87. d. c. c. a.

a. 94. b. e. b. Which of the following muscles is (are) attached to the spinous process of the axis? splenius capitus semisplenius capitis rectus capitis posterior major all of the above none of the above The lesser occipital nerve is derived from posterior rami of C2-C3 a motor nerve to part of the scalp a part of the cervical plexus a mixed nerve all of the above The suboccipital nerve is sensory to the back of the neck emerges between the rectus capitis major and minor muscles supplies motor innervation to the splenius capitis supplies moter innervation to the muscles forming the suboccipital triangle none of the above .e. a. a. d. d. b. c. d. c. buccal e. e. e. e. b. 91. a. d. e. parotid d. c. c. 95. d. juguloomohyoid c. a. 90. c. submental b. The first lymph node group receiving lymphatic drainage from the most posterior portion of the tongue is a. jugulodigastric 93. cerebral veins The veins that form a plexus in the spongy bone of the skull are venous lacunae diplioc veins meningeal veins emissary veins cerebral veins The bone forming the anterior part of the nasal septum is the inferior conchae sphenoid vomer palatine maxillary 92. b.

e. a. d.The posterior cranial fossa contains a. d. 97. e. and VI cranial nerves transmits the maxillary nerve The optic canal transmits the optic n ophthalmic artery superior ophthalmic vein a and b only a. C4. c. a. a. a. and c The nerve of the pterygoid canal receieves its contributions from a branch of the glossopharygeal nerve contains only sympathetic fibers enters the pterygopalatine fossa is formed by the joining of the greater petrosal and lesser petrosal nerves 100. subarachnoid space b. d. c. only a and c e. a. and C5 lies on the belly of the anterior scalene muscle a and b only a. c. d. and c . b. b. b. 99. c. the cerebellum b. b. b. subdural space d. a. medulla oblongata c.The cerebrospinal fluid is found in the a. pons d. b. and c The superior orbital fissure lies directly inferior to the greater wing of the sphenoid lies directly above the posterior portion of the maxilla lies directly between the orbit and the infratemporal fossa transmits the III. IV. b.96. 98. e. b. only a and b e. and c 101. The phrenic nerve is part of the cervical plexus is derived from spinal segments C3. ventricles of the brain c.

sternohyoid b. b. thyrohyoid d.The following muscles are innervated by the ansa cervicalis a.102. geniohyoid c. and c . only a and b e. a.

thyrocervical trunk 104. leptomeninx c. and V b. enters the vertebral foramen at the C6 level e. superior thyroid b. pretracheal . a. and VII d. and VI c. superficial c. internal jugular vein d.The vertebral artery a. lingual c. pericranium e.At the C5 vertebral level. V. the carotid sheath encloses the a. epicranius 108. does not have any branches 109. investing b. middle meningeal e. pia matter d. common carotid artery b.A branch of the external carotid artery in the neck is the a. a and b only e.103. vertebral artery c. vagus nerve c. V. III. b. V. is a branch of the maxillary artery d. superficial temporal d. III. subclavian artery d. III. occipital 106. III. occipital artery e. VII. III.The following cranial nerve(s) are considered to have a parasympathetic function a. superficial temporal artery b.The periosteum of the skull is called a. and IX e.The cervical fascia that forms the sheath of the parotid gland is the a. buccopharyngeal d. is found deep in the occipital triangle c.The following artery usually does not arise from the external carotid a. and IX 107. and c 105. IV. does not pass through the foramen transversium of the 1st cervical vertebrae b. arachnoid b.

prevertebral .e.

both a and b e. posterior portion of temporalis c. parotid node 113. greater petrosal b.XI b.The lymph drainage of the upper central incisor teeth goes first to this group of nodes a. a. has long postganglionic fibers and short preganglionic fibers d. loss of taste sensation to the anterior 2/3 of the tongue b. geniculate ganglion c. originated from cranial nerves II.The preganglionic parasympathetic fibers to the otic ganglion enter through the _______ nerve a. and c 114.This portion of this muscle retracts the mandible a.Which of the following is/are true of the parasympathetic division of the ANS a. b. superior cervical sympathetic ganglion . jugulo-digastric d. deep petrosal c.If the facial nerve (VII) is injured just proximal to the origin of the chorda tympani nerve.110.In moving the head to indicate “no” this muscle is functioning strongly a. obliquus capitis inferior d. the patient would experience which of the following symptoms? a.VI. both a and b e. and c 116.Which of the following ganglia do not contain synapses? a. is also referred to as the cranio-sacral division c. chorda tympani e. buccinator-posterior portion 111. loss of lacrimation (tearing) from the lacrimal gland d. rectus capitus posterior minor c. semispinalis capitis 112. decreased saliva from the submandibular salivary gland c. anterior portion of temporalis e. jugulo-omohyoid e. none of the above 115. superficial head of medial pterygoid muscle b. a. submental b. rectus capitus posterior major b. b. submandibular c. lesser petrosal d. upper head of the lateral pterygoid d. submandibular ganglion b.

the facial artery c. the facial nerve .The following structure lies just deep to the submandibular gland a.The following structure(s) usually is/are found embedded in the parotid gland a. the facial vein b. e. provides motor fibers to the platysma and buccinator muscles d. the buccal nerve of V e. it is a branch of the internal carotid artery d.The chorda tympani a. are secreto-motor to the lacrimal gland d. provides parasympathetic secreto-motor fibers to the parotid gland e.The following are characteristics of the facial artery a. has a buccal branch that pierces the buccinator muscle and is sensory to the mucosa of the cheek 119. the external jugular vein c. provides general cutaneous fibers to the forehead above the orbit b.The mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve (V3) a.d. exits from the skull via the external auditory meatus b.The facial nerve (VII) a. provides motor fibers to the masseter and temporalis muscle c. a. the common carotid artery b. contains only sensory nerve fibers c. the platysma muscle e. only a and b e. it passes just anterior to the masseter muscle c. otic ganglion pterygopalatine ganglion 117. it follows a convoluted (“zigzag” or “tortuous”) course over the body of the mandible b. the ansa cervicalis d. all of the above 122. b. provides general cutaneous sensory fibers to that portion of the neck that develops from the second pharyngeal (hyoid) arch in the embryo e. the retromandibular vein d. contains taste fibers to the anterior 2/3 of the tongue b. and c 120. contains only muscle motor fibers 118. all of the above 121. innervates the platysma e. provides general sensation to the posterior 1/3 of the mouth d. are preganglionic parasympathetic fibers to the pterygopalatine ganglion c.

The carotid sheath and its contents may be safely retracted as a unit during surgical procedures of the neck. sympathetic trunk e. supraclavicular nerves d. middle temporal vein c. lateral pterygoid muscle b. internal jugular vein d. stylohyoid muscle c. internal carotid artery c. facial vein b. all of the above 124.Which of the following is NOT formed from the cervical plexus a. The contents of the carotid sheath include all of the following structures EXCEPT the a.The retromandibular vein is formed by the junction of the maxillary vein and the a. posterior auricular vein . orbicularis oris muscle e. greater auricular nerve 126. transverse cervical nerve e. greater occipital nerve b. transverse facial vein d. common carotid artery b. stapedius muscle d.The following is a muscle of facial expression innervated by the facial nerve a.123. vagus nerve 125. ansa cervicalis c.

the right often drains primarily the superior sagittal sinus c. superficial temporal vein 127.The pterygomandibular raphe is an essentially vertical line of connective tissue indicating the plane of interconnection of the buccinator and the a.e. superior sagital sinus d. palatoglossal muscle b. they contain valves that help direct blood flow e. the left often drains primarily the straight sinus (and great cerebral vein) . inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle 128. pterygoid plexus of veins e.The following veins and/or dural venous sinuses may drain directly into the cavernous sinus except a. they drain into sigmoid sinuses b. superior petrosal sinus c. inferior petrosal sinus 129.The following statements are true of the transverse sinuses EXCEPT a. the confluens of sinuses joins these with the straight sinus d. ophthalmic veins b. superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle d. middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle e. palatopharyngeal muscle c.

Which of the following arteries does not accompany its correspondingly named nerve throughout most of its course? a. 133. e. d. sympathetic fibers arrive by way of the deep petrosal nerve c.The tissues of the hard and soft palate receive innervation that is described by all of the following except a. it fuses with the tentorium cerebelli in the region of the inferior sagittal dural venous sinus e. it contains the superior sagittal sinus d. is lined externally by pericranium that is fused with (cannot be easily separated from) the aponeurotic layer of the scalp d. afferent neuron cell bodies are in the trigeminal ganglion d. Which statement is incorrect? a. the tendons of the tensor veli palatini hook around the pterygoid hamulus on each side c. is lined internally by endocranium that is fused with the dural layer of cranial meninges e. parasympathetic fibers arrive by way of the lesser petrosal nerve b. contains the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve (V3) in its wall d. the anterior portion of the hard palate is supplied by the nasopalatine nerves 134. includes the zygomatic bones c. does not receive venous blood from outside the skull e. the fan shaped tendons of the veli palatini forms the palatal aponeurosis b. c. the levator veli palatini passes between the base of the skull and the superior fibers of the superior pharyngeal constrictors d. contains part of the internal carotid artery c. the palatoglossi form the anterior pillars of the tonsillar fossa e. it arises from the crista galli of the ethmoid bone b.The cavernous dural venous sinus a.130. the palatopharyngeus muscles attach to the hyoid. lies in the anterior cranial fossa b. it lies between the right and left cerebral hemispheres c. the greater and lesser palatine nerves descend in the palatine canal e. transmits cranial nerves . it is a fold of dura matter 132.The following statements concerning the falx cerebri are true EXCEPT a.5 pairs of muscles contribute to the structure of the soft palate. is formed from cartilage in the embryo b. lies in the tentorium cerebelli 131. b. infraorbital greater palatine inferior alveolar posterior superior alveolar lingual 135.The calvaria a.

.

2nd lower premolar b.136. medial nasal and maxillary processes c..A cleft involving the lip and dental arch (alveolar ridge) is produced by fusion failure between a. mouth proper . frenulum of the tongue c. buccal nerve b... lateral nasal and maxillary processes d. canine c. vestibule of mouth .The nerve supplying general sensation to the floor of the mouth proper is the a. 3rd lower molar 140. glossopharyngeal c. mouth proper . a simple cleft of the secondary palate 138. mouth proper ..The deciduous teeth lack this type of tooth a. all the above e.. an unclosed or defective nasolacrimal duct c. vagus nerve 142.. a simple midline cleft (true hare lip) d... premolar d.. 3rd lower molar e. an oblique facial cleft b. molar . inferior alveolar e. right and left maxillary processes e. incisor b. right and left lateral palatine processes 139.. a and b 141.The floor of the mouth includes a. mandibular and maxillary processes b. lingual nerve d. sublingual fold b. the whole tongue d.The parotid duct opens into the _____opposite the _____tooth a. 1st lower incisor d. 2nd upper molar c. a simple unilateral cleft lip e.Which of the brachial arch/cranial nerve relationships is correct? Ignore this question 137.Failure of the lateral palatine processes to fuse across the midline produces a. vestibule of mouth .

indicates the origin of the thyroid gland b. musculus uvulae b. trigeminal e.143. left 146. has lymph drainage from its walls that enters the jugulodigastric node d. nose b. nasopharynx c.The foraman cecum of the tongue a.The tonsillar fossa a. hypoglossal 147. oropharynx d. lies posterior to the palatopharyngeal arch b. is the opening for the sublingual ducts 145. is also known as the piriform fossa c. contains the pharyngeal tonsil because it is in the oral pharynx e. palatoglossus c. is the opening for the submandibular duct e. is posterior to the lingual tonsil d.This muscle of the tongue is innervated by the vagus nerve a. palatoglossus c.The only muscle of the soft palate that is not supplied by the vagus nerve’s pharyngeal branch is the a. right b. lies just superior to the pharyngeal isthmus 149. indicates the origin of the superior parathyroids c. styloglossus d. palatopharygeus . vagus d. palatopharyngeus b. glossopharygeal c.All the pharygeal muscles except the stylopharyngeus muscle receive their motor innervation by this nerve a. genioglossus e. internal ear e. the patient’s tongue will deviate to this side when the tongue is protruded a. both b and d 148. facial b. hyoglossus 144.The auditory tube opens directly into the a.If the right genioglossus muscle is paralyzed.

tensor veli palatini levator veli palatini . e.d.

posterior cricoarytenoid e. nasolacrimal duct 151. covers the sclera of the anterior aspect of the eyeball c. oblique arytenoid c.The conjunctiva a. lines the posterior aspect of the eyelids b. maxillary sinus b.150. aryepiglotticus 152. internal carotid b.The inferior meatus has this structure opening into it a. sphenoid sinus c. inferior thyroid 153. posterior ethmoidal sinuses d. a and b . middle ethmoidal sinuses e. ascending cervical d. lateral cricoarytenoid d. superior thyroid e. all the above e. ascending pharyngeal c. covers the cornea’s anterior surface when the eyelids are widely separated (eyes wide open) d. transverse arytenoid b.The muscle that abducts the membranous (ligamentous) part of the vocal folds is the a.The artery supplying the inferior part of the larynx is a branch of the a.

posterior superior alveolar c. anterior and middle superior alveolar b. only a and c 160.If a person were unable to close the eyelids tightly dues to nerve damage. inferior division of the oculomotor d.The vestibular ligament of the larynx is the lower margin of the a. geniculate ganglion b.The maxillary sinus mucous membrane is supplied by this/these nerves a. all the above e. sphenopalatine b. infraorbital 159.This artery has branches that supply most of the blood to the anterior part of the nasal cavity a. the damaged nerve(s) would be the a.154. infraorbital d.General sensation from the anterior part of the nasal cavity above the vestibule is carried by branches of the a.The cell bodies of postganglionic parasympathetic axons supplying the lacrimal gland are in the a. anterior ethmoidal artery d. superior division of the oculomotor c. facial e. sympathetic fibers on the ophthalmic artery b. descending palatine artery e. infraorbital nerve c. otic ganglion d. nasopalatine nerve e. contains nerve cell bodies d. facial artery c. is on the roof of the nasal cavity b. a and b 157. ciliary ganglion 156. median thyrohyoid ligament . anterior ethmoidal nerve d. pterygopalatine ganglion c. is on the upper part of the nasal septum and the superior conchae c. olfactory nerve b. trigeminal ganglion e. all the above e.The olfactory mucous membrane of the nose a. zygomatic nerve 158. trigeminal 155.

none of the above 163. The otic ganglion contains synapses of preganglionic fibers with post ganglionic fibers of: a. lateral thyrohyoid ligament cricothyroid ligament conus elasticus quadrangular membrane 161. e. the chorda tympani nerve nerve to the mylohyoid muscle tensor tympani nerve glossopharyngeal nerve none of the above foramen rotundum foramen spinosum foramen ovale jugular foramen . e. e.All the intrinsic muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid are supplied by the ______ nerve a. of : The third branch of the trigeminal nerve (V3) leaves the middle cranial fossa by way a. b. c. internal laryngeal e. c. external laryngeal d. b. d.b. d. pharyngeal plexus 162. recurrent laryngeal c. d. superior laryngeal b. c.

b. e. chorda tympani nerve to the stapedius. d. chorda tympani. superior rectus and inferior rectus superior oblique and inferior oblique medial rectus and lateral rectus inferior rectus and inferior oblique superior rectus and superior oblique The cranial nerve that innervates the mucosa of the tympanic cavity is the : a. b. The pyramid of the middle ear (tympanic cavity) a. nerve to the stapedius muscle greater petrosal. lesser petrosal. d. e. 167. nerve to the stapedius muscle. chorda tympani 166. d. chorda tympani. Which of the following pairs of muscles rotate the eye medially on its anteriorposterior axis (intort): a. c. b. seventh cranial nerve glossopharyngeal nerve V-2 cranial nerve 11 mental nerve 165. trigeminal facial glossopharyngeal vagus auditory 168. d. c. greater petrosal. e. c. nerve to the stapedius muscle greater petrosal. b. e. b. d. c.164. Taste sensations from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue travel through a branch of the: a. greater petrosal. c. encloses the stapedius muscle indicates where the chorda tympani nerve enters the tympanic cavity is formed by the basal turn of the cochlea is on the medial wall of the tympanic cavity contains mastoid air cells 169. The foot plate or base of the stapes attaches to the ______ by way of the annular ligament: . greater petrosal tympanic nerve (of Jacobsen). e. The order in which the three branches of the facial nerve come off within the petrous portion of the temporal bone is as follows: a.

pterygopalatine ganglion otic ganglion geniculate ganglion trigeminal ganglion submandibular ganglion 172. semicircular duct cochlear duct utricle saccule vestibule 171. c. e. The glands of the mucous membranes of the nose and palate receive their parasympathetic postganglionic innervation from the: a. e. d. head of the malleus margin of the fenestra cochlea margin of the fenestra vestibuli margin of the aditus processus cochleariformis The following structure is part of the bony labyrinth of the internal ear: a. d. The lymphatic drainage of the maxillary teeth usually goes first to this group of nodes: . d. b. e. b. b. c. c. 170.a.

has 8 cervical vertebrae has 5 lumbar vertebrae has 4 curvatures at birth is described as scoliosis when lumbar curvature is exaggerated has an intervertebral disc between the articular processes 174. superior oblique and inferior oblique d. the portion from the Edinger-Westphal nucleus c. superior rectus and superior oblique b. superior rectus and inferior rectus c. e. d. superior cervical sympathetic ganglion 176. facial nerve d. short ciliary nerves or the nerve to the inferior oblique muscle b. h. trigeminal ganglion e. only the inferior oblique 175.The smooth muscle of the upper eyelid is important in maintaining an open eye. sublingual gland d. f.A large mass in the posterior portion of the tongue which is not a tumor might be the a. b. superior rectus and inferior oblique e. Which of the following might be damaged if the patient can not keep his upper lid elevated due to paralysis of the smooth muscle that attaches to the superior tarsal plate? a. thyroid gland b. 173. sublingual parotid submandibular retropharyngeal jugulodigastric The vertebral column: a. c.The muscle(s) that produce(s) intorsion of the cornea is (are) the a. oculomotor nerve. submandibular gland c.specifically. e. parotid gland e. g. parathyroid gland .d.

c. . a. e. c. saccules 178. d. periform sinuses b. ventricles d. c. d. b. c.The upper free edge of this membrane forms the vocal ligament quadrangular thyrohyoid cricothyroid hyoepiglottic aryepiglottic 180. a. valleculae e. e.The depressions on each side of the median glossoepiglottic fold are the a. a.The muscle that is most important for narrowing the anterior part of the rima glottidis is the thyroarytenoid cricothyroid oblique arytenoid transverse arytenoid lateral cricoarytenoid 181.The thyrohyoid membrane is pierced by this artery inferior thyroid superior thyroid inferior laryngeal superior laryngeal internal laryngeal 179.The following muscle is an elevator of the larynx omohyoid sternothyroid thyrohyoid digastric aryepiglottic a. b.All the muscles of the larynx are innervated by the branches of the recurrent laryngeal nerve except for this muscle cricothyroid thyroarytenoid vocalis posterior cricoarytenoid transverse arytenoid 182. d. pharyngeal recesses c.177. b. b. e. b. d. c. e. d. e. a.

b. . b. a. a. a.The following structures on the left side of the root of the neck usually pass between the subclavian artery and the subclavian vein (or brachiocephalic vein) anterior scalene phrenic nerve vagus nerve all of the above both a and b but not c 186. c. c.The lymphatic drainage of the larynx first goes to this group of nodes submandibular submental superficial cervical deep cervical retropharyngeal 185. d. d. e. the movement of the soft palate indicates that this cranial nerve is functioning trigeminal facial glossopharygeal vagus hypoglossus 184. c. a. c. b. d.The following lymph node(s) would be classified as belonging to the terminal group of nodes (deep cervical nodes) jugulo-digastric jugulo-omohyoid retropharyngeal all of the above a and b. but not c a. c. b.a. e. e. e. d. b. d.When a physician asks a patient to say “ah”. e. d.On the right side of the root of the neck the costocervical trunk usually arises from the first part of the subclavian artery second part of the subclavian artery third part of the subclavian artery brachiocephalic artery arch of the aorta 187.On the left side of the root of the neck the thoracic duct turns laterally to pass between these two structures phrenic nerve and the prevertebral fascia anterior and middle scalene muscles anterior primary rami of C8 and T1 vagus nerve and common carotid artery common carotid artery and vertebral artery 188. b. c. 183. e.

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c. b.If all extraocular muscles were paralyzed except for the inferior oblique muscle. c.The muscle of the orbit that attaches to the eyeball and does not arise from the common tendinous ring is the inferior rectus superior rectus superior oblique medial rectus lateral rectus 190. d. b. d. e. e. d. c. a. b.a.If the cornea is in an abducted position and the person then moves the cornea upwards (elevates).The conjunctiva covers the deep surface of the eyelid is a potential sac that is open at the palpebral fissure is pierced by ducts draining from the lacrimal gland all of the above a and b. d. e. a. e. b. c. d. 189. c.When removing the thyroid gland the most easily damaged structure that the surgeon needs to avoid ligating or cutting is the recurrent laryngeal artery inferior thyroid artery superior thyroid artery vertebral artery thoracic duct 193. the muscle that would be the most effective for elevating the eyeball is the superior rectus superior oblique inferior rectus inferior oblique levator palpebrae superioris 191. the cornea would be in this position adducted and elevated abducted and elevated adducted and depressed abducted and depressed 192. c. b. not c 194. a. b. . d.The parasympathetic ganglion that sends postganglionic fibers to the lacrimal gland is the lacrimal ciliary pterygopalatine otic trigeminal a. e. a.

.

195. d. a. a. arise from the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve b. c. c. d. d. e. d. b. d. a. e. e.The auditory tube is cartilaginous throughout its length opens on the posterior wall of the tympanic cavity opens into the mastoid antrum lies in a canal that opens into the middle ear just above the opening for the tensor tympani muscle connects the middle ear with the nasopharynx a. c. e.The oval window opens into this portion of the internal ear scala vestibuli scala tympani cochlear duct utricle saccule 200. and optic zygomatic and maxillary all the above both a and b. b. not c 196. d. c. b. b. provide sensory innervation to the upper teeth . c. b. oculomotor. c.The skin on the medial part of the external nose is supplied mainly by the external nasal nerve which is a branch of the infratrochlear nerve infraorbital nerve supratrochlear nerve zygomaticofacial nerve anterior ethmoidal nerve 197.Lymph drainage from the lateral parts of the eyelids goes first to this group of lymph nodes parotid buccal submandibular occipital none of the above because there are no lymph vessels in the eyelids 198.The following nerves enter the orbit through the superior orbital fissure nasociliary. 201. e.The structure that lies just below the floor of the tympanic cavity is the internal jugular vein internal carotid artery facial nerve chorda tympani nerve tensor tympani muscle 199.The superior alveolar nerves a. b.a. e. frontal and lacrimal branches of the trigeminal nerve abducens. a.

d. d. b. b. e. a.middle meatus anterior ethmoidal air spaces. b.superior meatus posterior ethmoidal air spaces. d. b. c. e. b. d. a. the greater and lesser palatine arteries are terminal branches of the maxillary artery d. e. c. c. c. e.The following sinuses drain into these spaces respectively frontal sinus.The following statement(s) is/are true of the vessels of the nasal and palatine mucosa they exhibit extensive anastomosis the sphenopalatine artery runs on the nasal septum and anastomoses with the greater palatine artery in the incisive foramen c.The true statement concerning nerve supply to the nasal cavity is general sensory nerve fibers have their cell bodies in the geniculate ganglion postganglionic parasympatthetic nerve fibers have their cell bodies in the pterygopalatine ganglion postganglionic sympathetic nerve fibers have their cell bodies in the otic ganglion general sensation from the anterior superior part of the nasal cavity is by nasal branches of the maxillary nerve general sensation from the posterior inferior part of the nasal cavity is by ethmoidal nerves . 205. d. the sphenopalatine artery passes through the inferior orbital fissure to reach the nasal septum e.The pterygopalatine ganglion is a parasympathetic ganglion provides postganglionic fibers that distribute with branches of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve receives preganglionic parasympathetic fibers from IX a and b all the above a. 204. all the above a. provide sensory innervation to the maxillary sinuses a and b all of the above 202. 206.inferior meatus a and c above a.The sphenoid sinuses are in the bone directly beneath the pituitary gland drain into the middle nasal meatus drain the pterygopalatine fossa via the splenopalatine foramen are not connected directly to the nasal cavity a and b above 203.c. e.sphenoethmoidal recess maxillary sinus.

207. e.If epistaxis (serious nose bleeds) could not be controlled by packing the nasal cavity with gauze. b.a. d. c. then ligating this artery would stop the bleeding septal branch of superior labial artery nasal branch of infraorbital artery superior nasal branch of ophthalmic artery sphenopalatine artery anterior ethmoidal artery . and if the source of the bleeding appeared to be in the posterior part of the nasal cavity.

Retraction of the tongue is produced mainly be contraction of these two muscles right and left genioglossus styloglossus and hyoglossus a. d. 210. . a.a.Which statement concerning the nasal cavity is true? when the middle conchae is raised. d. e. c. c.Destruction of nerve cell bodies found in the pterygopalatine fossa would result in which of the following? constricted pupils dilated pupils dry eye loss of taste in the anterior 2/3 of the tongue dry mouth 209.Which statement concerning the paranasal sinuses is true? the frontal sinuses open into the superior meatus the paranasal sinuses closest to the hypohyseal fossa are the posterior ethmoidal cells the middle ethmoid air cells drain into the hiatus semilunaris the maxillary sinus drains into the inferior meatus general sensation is carried in fibers of the ophthalmic and maxillary nerve 211. a rounded elevation called the torus tubarius is visible the sphenopalatine foramen permits the neurovascular structures to pass between the pterygopalatine fossa and the nasal cavity the sphenoethmoidal recess is located inferior to the the superior conchae the frontal recess is located inferior to the inferior meatus the nasolacrimal duct opens into the middle meatus a. c. b. 208. d. b. e. e. b. b.

c. e.The vocal ligament is the thickened upper margin of the lateral portion of the quadrangular membrane hyoepiglottic ligament thyroepiglottic thyrohyoid ligament cricothyroid ligament 213. b.The muscle(s) of the orbit that move(s) the eyeball so that the cornea is in a depressed position that is neither adducted nor abducted is (are) inferior rectus inferior oblique superior oblique inferior rectus and inferior oblique inferior rectus and superior oblique a. d. c. b. palatoglossus and genioglossus palatoglossus and stylopharyngeus palatoglossus and palatopharyngeus 212. . d. a. e. e. d. c.

b.The patient’s left cornea is in and abducted and depressed position and the right cornea appears to be in the normal position. 214. c. he would use this muscle to perform the requested movement superior rectus inferior rectus levator palpebrae superioris inferior oblique superior oblique 216.a. a.The nerve of the mouth that lies just medial to the roots of the third mandibular molar teeth is the lingual hypoglossal vagus glossopharyngeal nerve to the geniohyoid muscle 219. e. c. a. . c. e.The motor nerve that enters the orbit above and lateral to the common tendinous ring (annulus) is the superior division of the oculomotor inferior division of the oculomotor trochlear abducens frontal 215. c. a. c. d. What nerve is injured on the left side? oculomotor trochlear abducens nasociliary frontal 218. d.The pyramid of the middle ear contains the stapedius mucle tensor tympani muscle first turn of the cochlea (basal turn) chorda tympani nerve lateral semicircular canal a.If a person has a drooping right eyelid and the superior division of the oculomotor nerve is normal. e. d. b. b.If a patient is asked to elevate his cornea when the eye is in an adducted position. b. d. b. d. c. e. e. a. b. the person could have a lesion in the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion optic nerve abducent nerve trochlear nerve long and short ciliary nerves 217. e. d.

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b.The following part(s) of the internal ear is/are filled with perilymph saccule utricle cochlear duct vestibule semicercular ducts 221. b. 220. e.The structure that occupies the fenestra vestibuli is the facial nerve base of the stapes stapedius muscle tensor tympani muscle geniculate muscle 222. e. anterior cervical .a. submandibular c. a.The first group of lymph nodes to receive lymph from the tip of the tongue is the retroauricular submental submandibular anterior cervical retropharyngeal a. d. d. c. submental b. b. d. c. c. 223. e.The lymphatic drainage from the medial portion of the upper lip goes first to this group of regional nodes a.

The muscles that extort the cornea of the eyeball are inferior rectus and superior oblique inferior rectus and inferior oblique superior rectus and inferior oblique superior rectus and superior oblique superior oblique and inferior oblique 226. . d. d. b. a. c.d. e. if not all of the parotid gland is supplied by which cutaneous nerve(s)? buccal and mandibular branches of facial nerve auricolotemporal nerve great auricular nerve lesser occipital nerve greater occipital nerve 227.The skin over the angle of the mandible and over most. e.The medial pterygoid muscle originates from the medial pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone inserts to the medial surface of the neck of the mandible has the lingual nerve passing forward on its deep surface elevates the mandible is innervated by the anterior division of the mandibular nerve 228.The superior root of the ansa cervicalis is formed directly by a branch of the ventral primary ramus of C1 dorsal primary ramus of C2 dorsal primary ramus of C3 hypoglossal none of the above 229. b. c. e. d. b. c.In the root of the neck the subclavian artery and subclavian vein are separated by the anterior scalene muscle trunks of the brachial plexus middle scalene muscle all the above a and b not c 225. b. e. d. b. b. d. c. e. a. jugulodigastric superficial cervical 224. d. c. e. e. c. a. a. a.The external jugular vein usually begins (is formed by the union of 2 veins) just posterior to the neck of the mandible posterior to the angle of the mandible posterior to the middle third of the sternocleidomastoid muscle just superior to the middle third of the clavicle posterior to the mastoid process of the temporal bone a.

a. b. c. d. e.

230.Lymph draining from the cervical portion of the esophagus goes first to this group of nodes pretracheal paratracheal retropharyngeal deep cervical submandibular

231.The two inferior parathyroid glands are sometimes found in the thorax a. true b. false 232.The spinal accessory nerve passes through the posterior cervical triangle superficial to the platysma muscle in the superficial cervical fascia between the investing fascia and the prevertebral fascia within the carotid sheath deep to the prevertebral fascia 233.The isthmus of the thyroid gland lies directly anterior to the thyrohyoid membrane lamina of the thyroid cartilage cricothyroid ligament 2, 3, 4 tracheal rings body of the hyoid bone

a. b. c. d. e.

a. b. c. d. e.

a. b. c. d. e.

234.The ansa cervicalis is found in this triangle of the neck occipital supraclavicular digastric carotid muscular 235.The layer of cervical fascia which forms a fascial sheath for the parotid gland is the prevertebral pretracheal investing retropharyngeal superficial 236.The external jugular vein is formed just behind the angle of the mandible by the union of the facial vein and anterior division of the retromandibular vein facial vein and posterior division of the retromandibular vein occipital vein and superficial temporal vein posterior auricular vein and the posterior division of the retromandibular vein posterior auricular and maxillary veins 237.The platysma muscle is innervated by this motor nerve ansa cervicalis transverse cervical supraclavicular facial mylohyoid

a. b. c. d. e.

a. b. c. d. e.

a. b. c. d. e.

238.The mastoid process of the temporal bone is usually well developed in a newborn infant a. true b. false 239.The cell whose plasma membrane forms the myelin sheath of axons in the central nervous system is this cell ignore this question [oligodendocytes] 240.The rough endoplasmic reticulum of nerve cell bodies is grouped in clumps called nissl bodies neurofilaments neurofibrils golgi apparati synaptic vessels

a. b. c. d. e.

a. b. c. d. e.

241.The posterior part of the nose receives a great portion of its arterial supply from this artery infraorbital facial superior labial sphenopalatine ophthalmic 242.Which tooth of ten receives innervation from both the posterior superior alveolar and the middle superior alveolar nerves? 1st maxillary premolar 2nd maxillary premolar 1st maxillary molar 2nd maxillary molar 3rd maxillary molar 243.Lymph drainage from the whole vestibule of the nose goes first to this group of nodes submental submandibular parotid retropharyngeal superficial cervical 244.Which of the following muscles cannot be found in the floor of the posterior triangle of the neck? scalenus medius scalenus anterior teres minor levator scapulae 245.With regard to the spinal accessory nerve, choose the best statement no fibers of this nerve branch from it before it crosses the posterior triangle of the neck the spinal accessory nerve is strictly a sensory nerve the spinal accessory nerve enters the cranial cavity through the foramen magnum the spinal accessory nerve enters the cranial cavity through the foramen rotundum

a. b. c. d. e.

a. b. c. d. e.

a. b. c. d.

a. b. c. d.

a. d. c. 1. b.Nerve fibers making up the sympathetic plexus on the branches of the common carotid artery are composed of preganglionic sympathetic fibers fibers from the pterygopalatine ganglion postganglionic fibers from the cervical ganglion some fibers of the trigeminal (V) cranial nerve K-TYPE QUESTIONS a. and 3 are correct b. c. 246. a. or a branch of it supplies. 1. b. c. sensory innervation to the inside of the cheek supples. through preganglionic fibers of the chorda tympani. the submandibular region innervates the levator labii superioris is the source of the lesser superficial petrosal nerve 247. 4 is correct f.and post-ganglionic nerve fibers that are parasympathetic in function some preganglionic sympathetic fibers from the superior cervical ganglion 250. by its buccal branch. 2. c.The tubercle on the posterior arch of the atlas is the origin of which of the following muscles? a. d.a.The facial nerve. all are correct a. 251.Located within. b. rectus capitis posterior major obliquus capitis inferior rectus capitis posterior minor levator scapulae 249. 2. c. 3. 1 and 3 are correct c. d. b. d.Structures passing through the stylomastoid foramen include the chorda typani the lesser petrosal nerve the hypoglossal nerve the main motor portion of the facial nerve .Which statement concerning the facial nerve is incorrect? the facial nerve may also be called cranial nerve VII the main portion of the facial nerve leaves the facial canal by way of the stylomastoid foramen part of the facial nerve leaves the facial canal as the lesser petrosal nerve the facial nerve sends the greater petrosal nerve to the pterygopalatine ganglion by way of the vidian canal 248. or running through the pterygopalatine ganglion are some sensory fibers of V-3 synapses of pre. 2 and 4 are correct d. b. 4.

3. 252. 4.Motions of the head include nodding (as in the affirmative) and turning the head from side to side (as in the negative) nodding the head involves the atlanto-axial joint turning the head side to side involves the atlanto-occipital joints the dens is part of the atlas the atlas is able to rotate around the dens 253.Which of the following muscles is/are innervated by the pharyngeal plexus? middle constrictor tensor veli palatini salpingopharygeus internal (medial) pterygoid 1. . 3. 2.1. 2. 4.

254. sympathetic trunk 261.1. thyrohyoid 259. omohyoid 2. and X contain parasympathetic preganglionic fibers where they are leaving the brain the pterygopalatine ganglion has some sensory nerve fibers running through it the optic nerve (II) contains parasympathetic fibers 255. herniation of an intervertebral disk usually occurs on the posterior side of the disk 257. 2. VII. intervertebral disks are found between all thoracic vertebrae 3. common carotid artery 3. intervertebral disks are found between all sacral vertebrae 4.At the level of C5 or C6 the carotid sheath contains 1. superficial temporal vein 3. an articular disk 258. sternohyoid 3.The following strap muscles of the neck are innervated by the ansa cervicalis 1. intervertebral disks are found between all cervical vertebrae 2.The internal jugular vein directly receives the following tributaries 1.Choose the best response autonomic motor nerves always contain a two neuron chain nerves III. sternothyroid 4. inferior petrosal sinus 4.Choose the best response the facial nerve. a joint space 3. superior petrosal sinus 260. 3. a joint capsule 4. vagus nerve 4. the internal jugular vein 2. V. IX. 4.The following is/are true 1. a synovial lining 2. the lingual artery usually passes deep to the posterior border of the hyoglossus muscle 1. 4. 3. facial vein (common facial vein) 2. . as it descends through the facial canal is entirely motor in funtion the facial nerve leaves the skull through the stylomastoid foramen the foramen spinosum is so called because it is near the styloid process the zygomatic bone articulates with 4 other bones in the skull 256.All synovial joints possess 1. 2.The following statement(s) is/are correct 1.

glosssopharyngeal 3. the anterior clinoid processes are parts of the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone 2 the anterior end of the falx cerebri lies just in front of the crista galli .The cerebrospinal fluid is normally found in the 1. facial 264. epidural space 2. the crista galli is a part of the ethmoid bone 2. the submandibular duct lies lateral to the hyoglossus muscle in the floor of the mouth 4. vagus 4. the crista galli lies above the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone 4. hypoglossal 2. the facial vein passes deep to the submandibular veins 3. Which statements is/are correct? 1. subdural space 4. Which statements is/are correct? 1. ventricles of the vein 263. the mylohyoid nerve lies on the superior surface of the mylohyoid muscle 262. subarachnoid space 3.2. the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone lies directly behind the vomer 3.The cranial nerve(s) attaching to the medulla is/are 1. the squamous part of the temporal bone lies directly behind and articulates with the lesser wing of the sphenoid 265.

. b. Which of the following is NOT formed from the cervical plexus? greater occipital nerve ansa cervicalis supraclavicular nerve transverse cervical nerve greater auricular nerve 271. d. e. Which statements is/are correct? 1. the creater occipital nerve is a branch of the ansa cervicalis 269. the lacrimal nerve lies medial to the frontal nerve 3. the posterior clinoid processes are connected to the tentorium cerebelli 4. The carotid sheath and its contents may be safely retracted as a unit during surgical procedures of the neck. c. the internal (medial) pterygoid muscle arises from the medial pterygoid plate 3. The contents of the carotid sheath include all the following structures EXCEPT: common carotid artery internal carotid artery internal jugular vein sympathetic trunk vagus nerve a. d. the styloglossus muscle serves in retracting the tongue 4. e. a. all muscles whose names end in –glossus are innervated by cranial nerve XII 268. Which statement is/are correct? 1. the external nasal nerve is a continuation or a branch of the nasociliary nerve 4. e. b. 270.3. of the meningeal arteries the middle meningeal artery supplies the greatest territory 266. the posterior ethmoidal nerve is a branch of the nasociliary nerve 2. d. the stylomandibular ligament is attached to the lingula of the mandible 4. cranial nerve IX contains some taste fibers 267. b. Which statements is/are correct? 1. c. the chorda tympani hitch-hikes a ride on the inferior alveolar nerve 2. c. the superior alveolar nerves are branches of the infraorbital nerve or of the maxillary nerve 3. The retromandibular vein is formed by the junction of the maxillary vein and the: facial vein middle temporal vein transverse facial vein posterior auricular vein superficial temporal vein a. the masseter muscle is innervated by a branch of V-3 2.

b. The pterygomandibular raphe is an essentially vertical line of connective tissue indicating the plane of interconnection of the buccinator and the: palatoglossal muscle palatopharyngeal muscle superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle 273. 272. The tendons of the tensor veli palatini hook around the pterygoid hamulus on each side. c. e. It is a fold of dura mater. The right often drains primarily the superior sagittal sinus. It lies between the right and left cerebral hemispheres. They contain valves that help direct the blood flow. d. b. e. d. e. d. 277. The palatopharyngeus muscles attach to the hyoid bone. b. a. b. e. The following veins and/or dural venous sinuses may drain directly into the cavernous sinus except: ophthalmic veins superior petrosal sinus superior sagittal sinus pterygoid plexus of veins inferior petrosal sinus 274. The confluence of sinuses joins these with the straight sinus. a. d. c. e. Which statement is incorrect? The fan shaped tendons of the tensor veli palatini forms the palatal aponeurosis. The following statements concerning the falx cerebri are true EXCEPT: It arises from the crista galli of the ethmoid bone. It fuses with the tentorium cerebelli in the region of the inferior sagittal dural venous sinus. a. d. Five pairs of muscles contribute to the structure of the soft palate. . c. It contains the superior sagittal sinus. The following statements are true of the transverse sinuses except: They drain into sigmoid sinuses. c. The tissues of the hard and soft palate receive innervation that is described by all of the following except: parasympathetic fibers arrive by way of the lesser petrosal nerve sympathetic fibers arrive by way of the deep petrosal nerve afferent neuron cell bodies are in the trigeminal ganglion the greater and lesser palatine nerves descend in the palatine canal a. b.a. c. c. b. d. The palatoglossi form the anterior pillars of the tonsillar fossa. The levator veli palatini passes between the base of the skull and the superior fibers of the superior pharyngeal constrictors. a. The left often drains primarily the straight sinus (& great cerebral vein) 275. 276.

A cleft involving the lip and dental arch (alveolar ridge) is produced by fusion failure between the: mandibular and maxillary processes median (medial) nasal and maxillary processes lateral nasal and maxillary processes right and left maxillary processes right and left lateral palatine processes 1 E 41 C 81 C 121 C 2 B 42 C 82 C 122 B 3 C 43 C 83 B 123 D 4 E 44 D 84 C 124 D 5 C 45 C 85 C 125 A 6 E 46 D 86 A 126 E 7 B 47 D 87 D 127 C 8 D 48 E 88 D 128 C 9 C 49 D 89 D 129 D 10 A 50 A 90 B 130 B 11 C 51 D 91 C 131 D 12 C 52 E 92 E 132 E 13 E 53 C 93 C 133 A 14 A 54 B 94 C 134 E 15 B 55 A 95 D 135 D 16 C 56 E 96 E 136 X 17 C 57 C 97 D 137 E 18 D 58 E 98 D 138 B 19 D 59 A 99 C 139 B 20 B 60 E 100 A 140 E a. d. Failure of the lateral palatine processes to fuse across the midline produces: an oblique facial cleft an unclosed or defective nasolacrimal duct a simple midline cleft (true hare lip) a simple unilateral cleft lip a simple cleft of the secondary palate 280. the anterior portion of the hard palate is supplied by the nasopalatine nerves 278. e. a. d. b. b. d. e. c. c. . a. b. Which of the following arteries does not accompany its corresponding named nerve throughout most of its course? infraorbital greater palatine inferior alveolar posterior superior alveolar lingual 279. e.e. c.

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 D D B C C C D C B D A C D C B D D C B A 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 D C C C E D B D B C D C A C A D A D C D 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 D A D E D E D B A B C B D C B B B C D A 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 C C B A A C B C D E D E D D B E C C D E .

161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 B C D A C E C A C E A C B A E B D D C E A C D D D B E E C A B C D C A E A A A E 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 E A C A D B D C B E B E E C D A A A A E B B B A B C D A B D A C D D C D D B X A 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 D C B C C C C C B C D D B B C C A A B A B C A B E C B B D A E C C D D E A E E B .

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