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Risk Assessment
Method statement


Sample Document
Risk Assessment header sheet OVII

Bees Marquees
Risk Assessment

Job Number: 009846

Task or Work Operation Construction of temporary hall


Assessors Name: Tom Russell


Date of Assessment: 19th March 2007

Equipment to be used: Ladders, Mobile Scaffold, Hand tools, Drills,

Power Saws, MEWPS Forklifts

Working Environment: Semi level concrete. Dock side environment

Hazards: Working at height, weather, moving vehicles,

underground services

Safety equipment to be Safety harness & lanyard, hard hats, gloves, hi-
used: viz clothing, goggles, safety footwear

Employees involved: are All staff are experienced in the erection of large
they trained frame marquees and fully aware of risks
involved. Only qualified personnel to operate

Employees especially at risk: Young persons, persons with a medical

condition, anyone with a disability.

Non Employees who may be Clients staff, other contractors, visitors, general
at risk: public.

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Risk assessment Page 1

Hazards Potential Harm Likelihood Severity Risk Existing Measures Action Likelihood Severity Risk
Working at height Cuts, bruising, broken bones, Staff 2 2 10 Ensure only trained personnel use Continuation of existing measures 1 1 5
possible death MEWP
Ensure safety harness is worn Ensure safe working practices /
Ensure lanyard is securely fastened to procedures are followed though
a good strong anchoring point correctly at all time
Ensure MEWP is inspected before use Where possible work from ground
Ensure MEWP has current certificate Use correct elevation tool for the job

Ensure you don't over stretch / reach

from MEWP
Do not climb out of basket to gain
extra height
Ensure awareness talk on working at
heights is given
Banksman' to ensure area is clear of
personnel & vehicles
Only use safe and stable ladders
Scaffold only to be erected by
competent persons

Moving vehicles around site Cuts, bruising, broken bones Staff 2 2 6 Only certificated personnel to drive Continuation of existing measures 1 1 3
MEWP's, Forklifts or Trucks around
site. All driving site rules to be adhered
to. Use Banksman to escort when
positioning vehicle during works

All staff to wear HI-VIZ

Electrics Electric shock, possible death Staff / Public 2 3 10 Use only 110v site eclectics Safe working practices / procedures 1 3 5
to be followed at all times

Slips Trips and Falls Cuts, bruising, broken bones Staff / Public 2 2 4 Ensure good house keeping. Tidy site Continuation of existing measures 1 2 2
as work progresses

Falling Objects Cuts, bruising, broken bones, Staff / Public 2 2 4 Ensure all equipment on the platform Continuation of existing measures
Possible head injuries is secure at all times
Ensure hazard signs are present
Ensure Hard hats are worn at all times Ensure all visitors wear hard hats 1 2 2

Page 1 of 2
Risk assessment Page 2

Hazards Potential Harm Likelihood Severity Risk Existing Measures Action Likelihood Severity Risk
Site, Public access Cuts, bruising, broken bones Public 2 2 4 Exclude public from site all visitors to Continuation of existing measures 2 1 2
be escorted

Anchoring / underground services Electric shock, possible death, Gas All 2 3 10 Check with client for know Continuation of existing measures 3 1 3
leaks Fire, underground services, if in doubt use
cat scanner
Look for tell tell sign i.e.. Manhole
covers or inspection chambers

Weather Exposure, cuts, bruising, broken All 2 2 4 Check weather forecast, stop work in Continuation of existing measures 2 1 2
bones over 25mph winds. Have suitable rest
area to dry out.

Misuse / Interference with structure / Cuts, bruising, broken bones, All 2 2 8 Brief client about safe use of structure. Continuation of existing measures 1 1 4
Vandalism possible death Make them aware of the dangers of
removing components from the
Use of 'lock nuts' of critical bolts
Ensure site is secured when not

Fire Burns, Smoke inhalation, Death All 3 1 3 All Materials used meet current Continuation of existing measures 1 1 3
Government specifications of fire


Likelihood 1 Unlikely
2 Likely
3 Highly likely

Severity 1 Minor
2 Serious
3 Major

Risk 1 Lowest
10 Highest

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General Risk Assessment, Method Statement and Terms and Conditions 25m


1. Site condition

2. Loading/unloading of trucks

3. Machinery

4. Laying out of structure

5. Craning/pushing up of structure

6. Electrical equipment

7. Adverse weather conditions

8. Personal safety clothing

9 Terms and Conditions

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1. Site Conditions/Foundations/Services

Largescreen Limited is able to overcome most problems relating to site conditions.

We have a thorough system for identifying possible hazards and introducing controls
to reduce the risk of injury. The structures we are erecting at the site are of the mixed
structure type up to 25 metres and mechanical handling is essential on structures over
20ml. Should the need arise, due to working in the close proximity of other
contractors, to use mechanical handling the relevant precautions have been allowed
for. Areas of Public Access will generate a certain public interest, but during the build
and dismantle period, in the marquee site area, there should be no access for the
general public and usual site rules will apply. Adequate security must be maintained
by the client, to prevent theft, abuse or damage to the marquee and ancillary
equipment. The presence of underground services is deemed to have been identified
by the client, and any that may be at risk to have been marked accordingly. All
marquee dimensions are measured to the centre of the leg and a further 300mm needs
to be provided for the base plates 500mm for 20 / 25m, as is normal practice.

Adjacent structures can to some degree overlap base plates, provided adequate ground
anchors can be secured, and the eaves of the marquee are not obstructed. The marquee
is to be staked using iron anchors 800mm long, or bolted using M12 expanding bolts
M16 hammer in anchors for 20/25m structures, alternatively weighted down or guy
roped using the appropriate means, based on the available fixings and prevailing

If the marquee is to be erected within an existing structure then sufficient anchor

points need to be available for the purpose of tying down.
When weighting, the friction between the foot and the ground is to be considered and
appropriate action taken to minimise slippage. Our normal Terms and Conditions
apply. See Section 9. All our employees are made fully aware of our customers
Contractor Requirement documents if applicable.

2. Loading/Unloading of Material/Trucks

The use of heavy plant machinery required for such tasks as the loading and
unloading of materials, will give rise to certain obvious hazards: load shift/load
collapse/falling objects etc. All persons working on behalf of Largescreen Limited, to
operate such machinery, are qualified, licensed and appointed to do so.

3. Machinery

The use of site machinery probably involves the most risks to workers undertaking
site operations. Poorly maintained machines are dangerous and costly to repair. A
good maintenance schedule is therefore essential to reduce the untimely need of
emergency replacement.

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All Largescreen Limited machinery is regularly serviced and tested to ensure it is safe
to use and without risks to health. Where it is not possible to use our own machinery,
we hire in from reputable hire companies within the U.K. Our agreement with hire
companies is that all machinery is supplied with a current safety inspection certificate
and the operator has competent plant operator’s certificate, issued by an approved

Only experienced and competent personnel are permitted to use machinery. A person
is deemed to be competent on the successful completion or relevant training in
combination with their on-site performance.

4. Laying out of Structure

The hazards involved with the lying out of the structure are predominately those
arising from manual handling operations (repetitive strain injury, upper body limb
disorders, muscle fatigue and tiredness).

Although it is not possible to completely remove all of these hazards on a site, we do

have ways of reducing the risk of injury. All materials can be located very closely to
their required destination, thereby limiting the distance for the materials to be carried.

5. Pushing Up Structures

Because this is one of the higher risk areas, it is perhaps the most carefully monitored
of all our operations. We are dealing with heavy materials being pushed or lifted into
the air with a team of builders working beneath. There is an obvious danger of falling
materials with the potential to cause major injury. The heavier materials have the
potential to cause the most harm, therefore only the most experienced foremen are
authorised to build structures (12 metres or above in width).

6. Electrical Equipment

Regular checks are made to ensure there are no loose wire or damaged components.
Any hired electrical equipment must be delivered with a guide to its safe use. All site
workers are familiar with the safe use and working practices using electrical

The equipment which may be used on site include lighting, drills, saws, and a 110v

7. Adverse Weather Conditions

In very strong winds, it may be necessary to cease or delay such operations as erecting
or dismantling structures for safety reasons. Likewise, snow falling on an unheated
structure that has its roof-sails in position creates a danger of overloading the roof
beams and collapse. Regular checks are made with the Meteorological Office to
avoid, so far as is reasonably practicable, adverse weather conditions. In winds over
20 mph the erection can be delayed, and the foreman will monitor winds on site.

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All Largescreen Limited foremen have the authority to make such decisions, as they
deem appropriate and necessary, with regard to the erection and evacuation of the
structures, because of unsafe situations arising from adverse weather conditions.

8 Personal Safety Clothing

Employees are made aware that they are required to provide their own safety clothing
such as: safety boots and gloves.



Work Equipment

Sufficient, suitable, equipment in good condition must be supplied to allow the job to
be done safely.

All equipment must be checked and/or serviced before it leaves the depot. Faulty
equipment, including ladders and steps, must not be delivered on site.

The correct tools for the job must be provided, and they must be used in the correct

Personal Protective Equipment

Health and Safety Policy, Section 3 and Training & Information Checklists refer.

Must be worn when power saws are being used.

First Aid
A First Aid Kit should always be available on site. On larger sites this could be in the
site office but on smaller sites it may be more practical to place a kit permanently in
the foreman’s car or lorry as appropriate. Measures must also be taken to ensure that
the emergency services can be alerted if required.

The equipment is loaded on the lorry under supervision of the lorry driver and

Carriage to and from the lorry (in depot and on site) is to be, as much as possible, by
fork truck, trolley truck or sack trolley.

The driver is responsible for the strapping or tying down of the load and thus its

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The frame work of the structure can be laid in place followed by assembly of the legs
and rafters making sure that the locking pins are correctly positioned.

The ‘A’ frame is lifted into the air slowly to avoid undue frame stress and twisting
around the base plate pivot point until the frame is vertical and square. Use either
cross bracing or eave bars to hold the ‘A’ frame in an up right position. On 25m
structures the first frame is lifted by Telehandler or crane with a sufficient lifting
strop, once it is vertical it will be triangulated guy roped with ratchet strap of 100mm
strapping min. only then will the lifting strop be removed.

Repeat the above and lift the next frame into position. Secure by dropping in the
purlins and eaves bars, on first bay 3-12m you must place a set of bracing scissors and
then every 7 bays after that. On 10/15/20/25m you must use wire bracing on the first
bay then every 5 bays (as per manufactures specification) The next rafter section can
then be raised and secured as before. This procedure is then repeated until
completion. Once completed the guy ropes on 25m structure cane be removed.

A pulling line can then be thrown across the ridge of one bay and two hauling lines
clipped to it before it is retrieved back. The roof sheet is fitted into the channelling of
the rafters through the guides and the hauling ropes clipped onto ‘D’ rings. The
original pulling rope is also secured on to a D ring.

The roof sheet can now be pulled over the structure, the two hauling ropes unclipped
and secured to the original pulling rope which can then pull them back over the roof
sheet and slid along to the next bay to repeat the procedure. The sheets are secured
and tensioned by stretching the shock cord and securing inside their cleats, or by
tensioning with a ratchet where that system is fitted.

The roof bracing wires can now be fitted to the relevant eyebolts on the legs and fully
tensioned to ensure that the structure is rigid and true.

The walls are then attached to the legs by sliding the kader on the wall canvas into the
channelling on each leg, the top rings slid on to the curtain rail and two halves pulled
to the centre and laced together.

If the structure is having either solid walling (200mm tongue and grove planks) or
glass doors and windows, these require the addition of leg channels fitting to the leg.
Then the solid walls can be slid in from the top to make a solid wall. To increase
rigidity on bays over 2500mm steel strengthening rods need to be inserted every 3
panels starting with the bottom panel. The glass panels and doors are fitted by using
the correct size leg channel and sliding the door or glass into this and then fitting
either a H channel upright or T channel upright depending on whether it is first or last
upright and finished with a locking plate onto the T channel.

The ground rail then goes through the pocket and is fitted to the leg base pivot pin.
Remember to replace the ‘R’ clip through the pinhole. The gable ends can be slid up
through its channel using a ridge push up bar, laced together and secured to the
crossbeams to complete the erection.

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Securing stakes can now be driven home or if it is not practical to stake, the structure
may by bolted down, using either M12 or M16 expanding bolts requiring a hole to be
drilled to 22mm by the correct depth for the anchor used. If the holes are to be filled
after the event it will be with proprietary cold setting tarmac type product, or a sand
and cement mix, whichever is deemed to be the most appropriate. However weights in
some instances may also be used to secure the structure to the ground, if this is the
case, manufactures recommendations are followed to determine the loading required
for each leg.

Timber flooring is made up of either 3000x500mm or 5000x500mm timber boards

(depending on bay size). These are laid on 3” x 2” or 3” x 3” bearers, which are laid
directly onto the ground at a minimum of 800mm intervals. With Aluminium
extrusion on the joining ends, to produce a rigid and stable platform.

Where the floor needs to be raised because of unlevelled ground, chocking will be
used. This will consist of a mix of 250x150x18mm and 250x75x50mm. We can
usually level out most undulation with this. Where we need to raise the floor higher
up to 500mm we would use 300x600x300mm concrete blocks, anything above this
height would possible require scaffolding

Interlocking plastic flooring is placed directly onto the ground, with the male lugs
located on top, and locked into place by applying pressure.

Carpet can be laid directly onto the ground or onto solid floor; joints should either be
marked with tape or glued to the sub floor. If ‘second lay’ carpet is used it should be
tensioned to minimise creasing and can be nailed if laid directly onto the ground. All
carpet needs at least 24 hours to normalise, if the time is not available it should be laid
and tensioned.

Matting should be laid on ground using a plastic membrane underneath to prevent

seepage. Matting should be tensioned and nailed using 6” or 4” nails depending on the
ground. All joints to be tensioned and nailed.


Remove ground rails and side wall/s in the reverse order of the erection. Roof covers
and wires to be removed.

Remove purlins and eaves beams and lower the ‘A’ frame to the ground and
dismantle. Repeat for each frame.

Timber floors are lifted, and dismantled from the long side first and stacked into
correct pack sizes for easy loading. Plastic floors are dismantled into 3 x 7 piece
sections and palletised.

Carpet can be rolled or folded and have tape removed. Matting should have all nails
removed, be turned over folded in half, then rolled from the fold end.

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9. Terms and Conditions

The required deposit must be paid to confirm a booking

All cheques made payable to Largescreen Ltd.

1- Goods are offered subject to remaining unlet upon receipt of any order and, whilst
we shall make every effort at all times to carry out orders accepted, it must be a
condition we shall not be responsible for any loss sustained as a result of non-
delivery caused by breakdown, accidents, labour disputes, fire, flood, abnormal
weather conditions, or any other causes beyond our control.
2- We reserve the right to erect marquees to any size near to that ordered.
3- At the discretion of Bees Marquees all orders cancelled more than 10 days after
confirmation will be charged 30% of estimated price. Cancellation made within 30
days of date booked will be charged 50% of estimated price. Cancellation made
within 10 days of date booked will be charged at 75% of estimated price.
4- During the continuance of the hire period the Hirer shall make good to Bees
Marquees all loss or damage to marquees or equipment from whatever cause the
same may arise, unless a special insurance has been otherwise arranged, fair wear
and tear excepted. The Hirer shall completely indemnify Bees Marquees in respect
of all claims by any person whatsoever for injury to person or property caused by
or in conjunction with or arising out of the use of the marquees, plant or
equipment and in respect of all costs and charges in connection therewith whether
arising out of statute or common law.
5- All marquees must be returned as received, fair wear and tear excepted.
6- Deficiencies and damage in transit must be reported to Bees Marquees within 24
hours of delivery. Bees Marquees can entertain no claims for deficiencies unless
notified accordingly.
7- The Hirer shall pay in respect of all equipment not returned a sum equal to the
current price of new materials and in respect of equipment damaged the cost of
8- No responsibility can be accepted by Bees Marquees for the consequence of any
failure in action, nor for any breakdown due to any latent defect of material, of
workmanship nor of any contingent liability. All equipment is inspected before it
leaves Bees Marquees premises. The Hirer therefore shall accept full
responsibility for any accidents caused by or arising out of negligence, misuse of
equipment, or failure to comply with the Building (Safety Health and Welfare)
Regulations 1948, or other applicable statutes and regulations.
9- Bees Marquees accept no responsibility for inaccuracies or misunderstanding
arising through orders, instructions or information given to them by telephone, or
verbally passed to employees other than through their main office and confirmed
in writing.
10- The hire charges are based on the assumption that the site is flat, level firm ground
with easy access for motor transport, and that no drains, pipes, cables or other
services are buried beneath the surface or otherwise concealed. The hire charges
do not include any making good or repair of damage to site. Special rates will be

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payable for the hire of equipment on sites not conforming to the above
requirements or for delivery of goods other than on ground level. The Hirer shall
provide the contractor with a plan showing the position in which the marquees or
equipment are to be erected or shall have a representative on the site for that
purpose, and in the absence of both the contractor having erected the marquees or
equipment where he thinks fit shall be deemed to have completed the contract.

11- The final decision on the safety of the erection or removal of the equipment rests
with the foreman on site, and it must be accepted that temporary structures will
only be erected if the prevailing or forecast conditions are within the
recommended safety limits of the structure. The hirer can then feel assured that
the structure has been built to the appropriate standard for the purpose required.
12- The Hirer is responsible for giving whereabouts of underground services, i.e. Gas,
Electricity, Sewerage, Telephone Cable etc.
13- A deposit of 30% of total cost must be received from the Hirer as a conformation
of booking. Only then can the required equipment be reserved for the Hirer. The
outstanding cost must be settled in full 28 days prior to delivery, unless otherwise
14- Marquees and equipment are hired on the above conditions only and an
acceptance of marquees and equipment is acceptance of our terms and conditions
of hire.

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